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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944041/understanding-the-context-for-pet-cat-and-dog-feeding-and-exercising-behaviour-among-pet-owners-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#1
Martin J Downes, Catherine Devitt, Marie T Downes, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: Pet cat and dog obesity contributes to increased risk of several diseases, including cancer and diabetes mellitus as well as a worsening of orthopaedic problems, and a reduction in survival rate. This study aims to develop a better understanding of cat and dog owners' self-reported beliefs and factors that influence owner behaviour around feeding and exercising their pet cat or dog, as there is a lack of in-depth understanding in this area. Seven focus group discussions, with 43 pet owners in total, were conducted...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943707/burning-down-the-silos-integrating-new-perspectives-from-the-social-sciences-into-human-behavior-in-fire-research
#2
Erica Kuligowski
The traditional social science disciplines can provide many benefits to the field of human behavior in fire (HBiF). First, the social sciences delve further into insights only marginally examined by HBiF researchers, in turn, expanding the depth of HBiF research. In this paper, I present examples of studies from the fields of social psychology and sociology that would expand HBiF research into non-engineering or "unobservable" aspects of behavior during a fire event. Second, the social sciences can provide insight into new areas of research; in turn, expanding the scope of HBiF research...
August 2017: Fire Mater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941235/flexible-wide-field-optical-micro-angiography-based-on-fourier-domain-multiplexed-dual-beam-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#3
Shaozhen Song, Jingjiang Xu, Ruikang Wang
Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is gaining interest in clinical imaging applications. In this pursuit, it is challenging to maintain the imaging resolution and sensitivity throughout the wide field of view (FoV). Here, we propose a novel method/system of dual-beam arrangement and Fourier domain multiplexing to achieve wide field OCTA when imaging the uneven surface samples. The proposed system provides two separate FoVs, with flexibility that the imaging area, focus of the imaging beam and imaging depth range can be individually adjusted for each FoV, leading to either 1) increased system imaging FoV or 2) capability of targeting two regions of interests that locate at depths with large difference between each other...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941063/the-effects-of-physicochemical-properties-of-nanomaterials-on-their-cellular-uptake-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
REVIEW
Ye Liu, Bereket Workalemahu, Xingyu Jiang
Understanding the cellular uptake of nanomaterials (NMs) is a fundamental and critical issue for uncovering biomedical effects of NMs and facilitating their practical applications in the clinic. In this Review, by highlighting the differences of NMs cellular uptake between in vitro and in vivo, a focus on reviewing recent works about the effects of four physicochemical parameters of NMs (size, rigidity, shape, surface modification) on regulating NMs cellular uptake in vitro and in vivo is undertaken. This review can provide readers some useful clues and new thinking for understanding NMs cellular uptake in depth...
September 20, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940972/-telling-and-assent-parents-attitudes-towards-children-s-participation-in-a-birth-cohort-study
#5
Izen Ri, Eiko Suda, Zentaro Yamagata, Hiroshi Nitta, Kaori Muto
INTRODUCTION: One of the ethical issues surrounding birth cohort studies is how to obtain informed assent from children as they grow up. What and how parents tell their children affects children's future choices about the study, yet few studies have focused on parents' influence on children. OBJECTIVE: This study examines parents' attitudes towards telling their children about their participation in a specific birth cohort study. METHODS: We conducted surveys and in-depth interviews with the parents of children who participated in the "Japan Environment and Children's Study" (JECS), which follows children from the foetal stage to age 13...
September 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940208/providers-unmarried-young-women-and-post-abortion-care-in-kenya
#6
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Carolyne P Egesa, Caroline W Kabiru, Estelle M Sidze
Young women and girls in Kenya face challenges in access to abortion care services. Using in-depth and focus group interviews, we explored providers' constructions of these challenges. In general, providers considered abortion to be commonplace in Kenya; reported being regularly approached to offer abortion-related care and services; and articulated the structural, contextual, and personal challenges they faced in serving young post-abortion care (PAC) patients. They also considered induced abortion among young unmarried girls to be especially objectionable; stressed premarital fertility and out-of-union sexual activity among unmarried young girls as transgressive of respectable femininity and proper adolescence; blamed young women and girls for the challenges they reported in obtaining PAC services; and linked these challenges to young women's efforts to conceal their failures related to gender and adolescence, exemplified by pre-marital pregnancy and abortion...
September 22, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939568/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-complex-interventions-to-prevent-adolescents-from-engaging-in-multiple-risk-behaviours
#7
Christina Cooper, Monique Lhussier, Janet Shucksmith, Susan Mary Carr
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent risk behaviours are a key health concern. The purpose of this research is to gaina deeper understanding of how, why, for whom, and inwhat circumstances complex adolescent risk behaviourprevention programmes are most successful. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To understand how adolescent risk behaviour prevention programmes work in a reallife context, a realist synthesis will be undertaken, operationalised in four phases. Phase one Developing a framework to map the theoretical and conceptual landscape of adolescent risk behaviour prevention...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938895/-it-is-good-to-take-her-early-to-the-doctor-mothers-understanding-of-childhood-pneumonia-symptoms-and-health-care-seeking-in-kilimanjaro-region-tanzania
#8
Florida Muro, Judith Meta, Jenny Renju, Adiel Mushi, Hilda Mbakilwa, Raimos Olomi, Hugh Reyburn, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is among the leading causes of avoidable deaths for young children globally. The main burden of mortality falls on children from poor and rural families who are less likely to obtain the treatment they need, highlighting inequities in access to effective care and treatment. Caretakers' illness perceptions and care-seeking practices are of major importance for children with pneumonia to receive adequate care. This study qualitatively explores the caretaker concepts of childhood pneumonia in relation to treatment seeking behaviour and health worker management in Moshi urban district, Tanzania...
September 22, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938720/deep-whole-genome-sequencing-of-90-han-chinese-genomes
#9
Tianming Lan, Haoxiang Lin, Wenjuan Zhu, Tellier Christian Asker Melchior Laurent, Mengcheng Yang, Xin Liu, Jun Wang, Jian Wang, Huanming Yang, Xun Xu, Xiaosen Guo
Next-generation sequencing provides a high-resolution insight into human genetic information. However, the focus of previous studies has primarily been on low-coverage data due to the high cost of sequencing. Although the 1000 Genomes Project and the Haplotype Reference Consortium have both provided powerful reference panels for imputation, low-frequency and novel variants remain difficult to discover and call with accuracy on the basis of low-coverage data. Deep sequencing provides an optimal solution for the problem of these low-frequency and novel variants...
September 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#10
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936985/integration-of-multiple-theories-for-the-simulation-of-laser-interference-lithography-processes
#11
Te Hsun Lin, Yin Kuang Yang, Chien-Chung Fu
The periodic structure of laser interference lithography (LIL) fabrication is superior to other lithography technologies. In contrast to traditional lithography, LIL has the advantages of being a simple optical system with no mask requirements, low cost, high depth of focus, and large patterning area in a single exposure. Generally, a simulation pattern for the periodic structure is obtained through optical interference prior to its fabrication through LIL. However, the LIL process is complex and combines the fields of optical and polymer materials; thus, a single simulation theory cannot reflect the real situation...
September 22, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936883/taking-back-a-little-of-what-you-have-lost-the-meaning-of-using-an-environmental-control-system-ecs-for-people-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Michele Verdonck, Maeve Nolan, Gill Chard
PURPOSE: Assistive technologies have deep and personal meanings for people with disabilities. This study sought to provide an in-depth exploration of the subjective meaning of Environmental Control System (ECS) use for people with high cervical spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore the personal meaning of ECS. In-depth interviews with five participants were analyzed according to recommended IPA guidelines to produce a rich phenomenological account of lived experience...
September 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933991/let-him-not-be-alone-perspectives-of-older-british-south-asian-minority-ethnic-patients-on-dying-in-acute-hospitals
#13
Munikumar Ramasamy Venkatasalu
AIM: To investigate older British South Asians' views on dying at acute hospitals. BACKGROUND: Older people, including those from ethnic minorities prefer 'home as a haven' for their last days of life; however, they are more likely to die in hospital. METHODS: Constructive grounded theory was used as a methodological approach that informed data collection to data analysis. Open meetings with 11 local South Asian community organisations enabled the researchers to recruit a total of 55 older South Asians in this study...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933837/a-quartz-crystal-microbalance-model-for-quantitatively-probing-the-deformation-of-adsorbed-particles-at-low-surface-coverage
#14
Jurriaan J J Gillissen, Joshua Alexander Jackman, Seyed R Tabaei, Bo Kyeong Yoon, Nam-Joon Cho
Characterizing the deformation of nanoscale, soft-matter particulates at solid-liquid interfaces is a demanding task, and there are limited experimental options to perform quantitative measurements in a non-perturbative manner. Previous attempts, based on the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique, focused on the high surface coverage regime and modeled the adsorbed particles as a homogeneous film, while not considering the coupling between particles and surrounding fluid and hence resulting in an underestimation of the known particle height...
September 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933763/a-critical-review-of-surveys-emphasizing-on-routing-in-wireless-sensor-networks-an-anatomization-under-general-survey-design-framework
#15
REVIEW
Waqas Rehan, Stefan Fischer, Maaz Rehan
A large number of routing-related surveys are published so far for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) that exhibit either complete or partial emphasis on routing in WSNs. These surveys classify and discuss the relevant routing protocols published mainly in the fields of classical, energy efficient, secure, hierarchical, geographic, intelligent, Quality of Service (QoS)-based and multipath WSNs. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study is presented so far which may clearly categorize the routing-related survey literature for WSNs...
July 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932735/attitude-to-human-papillomavirus-deoxyribonucleic-acid-based-cervical-cancer-screening-in-antenatal-care-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#16
Temitope E Filade, Eileen O Dareng, Toyosi Olawande, Tolani A Fagbohun, Amos O Adebayo, Clement A Adebamowo
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based testing is increasingly used for cervical cancer screening in developed countries, but the best approach to utilizing it in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is unclear. Incorporation of HPV DNA-based testing into routine antenatal care (ANC) is a potential yet poorly explored strategy for cervical cancer screening in LMIC. We explored the attitude of health care workers and pregnant women to the incorporation of HPV DNA-based tests into routine ANC in Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932216/mycoviruses-in-aspergilli-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
Ioly Kotta-Loizou, Robert H A Coutts
Fungi, similar to all species, are susceptible to viral infection. Aspergillus is arguably the most well studied fungal genus because of its medical, ecological and economical significance. Mycoviruses were initially detected in Aspergillus species almost 50 years ago and the field continues to be active today with ground-breaking discoveries. The aim of the present review is to cover the scientific progress in all aspects of mycovirology as exemplified by Aspergillus-focused research. Initially an overview of the population studies illustrating the presence of mycoviruses in numerous important Aspergillus species, such as A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931675/comparative-transcriptomics-highlights-the-role-of-the-ap1-transcription-factor-in-the-host-response-to-ebolavirus
#18
James W Wynne, Shawn Todd, Victoria Boyd, Mary Tachedjian, Reuben Klein, Brian Shiell, Megan Dearnley, Alexander J McAuley, Amanda P Woon, Anthony W Purcell, Glenn A Marsh, Michelle L Baker
Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus comprise two genera of negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses that cause severe hemorrhagic fevers in humans. Despite considerable research efforts, the molecular events following Ebola virus (EBOV) infection are poorly understood. With the view of identifying host factors that underpin EBOV pathogenesis, we compared the transcriptomes of EBOV-infected human, pig and bat kidney cells using an RNAseq approach. Despite a significant difference in viral transcription/replication between the cell lines, all cells responded to EBOV infection through a robust induction of extracellular growth factors...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931436/structural-analysis-of-health-relevant-policy-making-information-exchange-networks-in-canada
#19
Damien Contandriopoulos, François Benoît, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Annie Carrier, Nancy Carter, Raisa Deber, Arnaud Duhoux, Trisha Greenhalgh, Catherine Larouche, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Adrian Levy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Katerina Maximova, Kimberlyn McGrail, Candace Nykiforuk, Noralou Roos, Robert Schwartz, Thomas W Valente, Sabrina Wong, Evert Lindquist, Carolyn Pullen, Anne Lardeux, Melanie Perroux
BACKGROUND: Health systems worldwide struggle to identify, adopt, and implement in a timely and system-wide manner the best-evidence-informed-policy-level practices. Yet, there is still only limited evidence about individual and institutional best practices for fostering the use of scientific evidence in policy-making processes The present project is the first national-level attempt to (1) map and structurally analyze-quantitatively-health-relevant policy-making networks that connect evidence production, synthesis, interpretation, and use; (2) qualitatively investigate the interaction patterns of a subsample of actors with high centrality metrics within these networks to develop an in-depth understanding of evidence circulation processes; and (3) combine these findings in order to assess a policy network's "absorptive capacity" regarding scientific evidence and integrate them into a conceptually sound and empirically grounded framework...
September 20, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931181/-refractive-lens-exchange
#20
Fritz H Hengerer, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
In refractive surgery the removal of the natural lens followed by implantation of an artificial intraocular lens has been an established method to treat refractive errors. The term "clear lens exchange" separates this approach from cataract surgery, where a cloudy lens has to be removed. With regard to currently available intraocular lens technologies, there is a wide range to correct myopia, hyperopia as well as astigmatism. Trifocal or extended depth-of-focus lenses (EDOF) even with a toric component offer the patients a potential benefit to further address presbyopia, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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