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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933136/critical-analysis-of-the-literature-investigating-urogenital-function-preservation-following-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#1
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
AIM: To analyses the current literature regarding the urogenital functional outcomes of patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of electronic databases was performed in October 2015. The following search terms were applied: "rectal cancer" or "colorectal cancer" and robot* or "da Vinci" and sexual or urolog* or urinary or erect* or ejaculat* or impot* or incontinence. All original studies examining the urological and/or sexual outcomes of male and/or female patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery were included...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932307/modular-training-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-where-to-begin
#2
Catherine Lovegrove, Kamran Ahmed, Giacomo Novara, Khurshid Guru, Alex Mottrie, Ben Challacombe, Henk Van der Poel, James Peabody, Prokar Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE: Effective training is paramount for patient safety. Modular training entails advancing through surgical steps of increasing difficulty. This study aimed to construct a modular training pathway for use in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). It aims to identify the sequence of procedural steps that are learnt before surgeons are able to perform a full procedure without an intervention from mentor. DESIGN: This is a multi-institutional, prospective, observational, longitudinal study...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932281/nutcracker-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-left-flank-pain-that-can-also-manifest-as-unexplained-pelvic-pain
#3
Jean-Marie Berthelot, Frédéric Douane, Yves Maugars, Eric Frampas
Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is symptomatic unilateral renal venous hypertension due to compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta (anterior NCS) or between the aorta and spine (posterior NCS). The left ovarian or spermatic vein empties into the left renal vein and is an additional site of venostasis in about half the cases of NCS. The presenting symptom of NCS in about half the cases is atypical left flank pain suggesting a disorder of the lower ribs or thoracolumbar spinal junction, particularly as the pain worsens with standing and increased lumbar lordosis...
December 5, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932185/inferior-vena-cava-duodenal-drainage-in-pancreas-alone-transplantation-for-chronic-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#4
B H Choi, Y M Park, K H Yang, C W Chu, J H Ryu
Enteric drainage has been the main trend in solitary pancreas transplantation. Compared with bladder drainage, it does not cause metabolic or urologic complications, but there is no way to perform immunologic monitoring, except by graft pancreas biopsy. Additionally, although portal drainage of the graft vein is considered physiological drainage, it has more of a risk for surgical complications. To overcome these disadvantages, we successfully performed inferior vena cava (IVC)-duodenal drainage in pancreas alone transplantation...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932116/surgical-complications-in-en-bloc-renal-transplantation
#5
M A Moreno de la Higuera Díaz, N Calvo Romero, I Pérez-Flores, M Calvo Arévalo, B Rodríguez Cubillo, A Shabaka, V López de la Manzanara, Á Gómez Vegas, J Blázquez Izquierdo, A I Sánchez-Fructuoso
En bloc pediatric transplantation (EBPT) began with the aim of increasing the donor pool due to the existing high demand for donors. At its inception, it was considered a type of suboptimal transplantation due to its association with a high incidence of vascular, urologic, and immunologic complications. The main objective of this study was to update information on EBPT with the largest case series that exists on a worldwide scale. In a retrospective study, the results obtained from brain-dead donors (BDDs; n = 770) were compared to those of EBPT (n = 100) from January 1990 to December 2012...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929699/elucidating-trainee-effect-on-outcomes-for-general-gynecologic-and-urologic-oncology-procedures
#6
Megan Sippey, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Kevin R Kasten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical complications delay adjuvant therapy in oncology patients. Current literature remains unclear regarding resident effect on postoperative outcomes, with inappropriate coverage possibly endangering patients in spite of attending oversight. We assessed resident postgraduate year (PGY) effect on 30-day overall morbidity in cancer patients undergoing major intra-abdominal and non-abdominal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-emergent major intra- and extra-abdominal operations from 2005-2012 were queried using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928811/laparoscopic-versus-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-stage-t1a-of-renal-tumors
#7
Gholam Hossein Rezaeetalab, Hormoz Karami, Farid Dadkhah, Nasser Simforoosh, Nasser Shakhssalim
PURPOSE: Partial nephrectomy is the gold standard treatment for small kidney masses. Data on the comparison oflaparoscopic (LPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) are based on retrospective studies. Thus, we plannedto compare these two techniques in a prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of patients over 18 years old with single renal mass of≤ 4 cm. Patients were divided into two groups considering their preference. Study arms were matched accordingto age, gender, tumor size and location and renal nephrometry score...
December 8, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928592/radiation-induced-complex-anterior-urinary-fistulation-for-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-from-the-trauma-and-urologic-reconstruction-network-of-surgeons-turns
#8
E Charles Osterberg, Alex J Vanni, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Joshua A Broghammer, Scott C Pate, Hadley Wyre, Jeremy B Myers, Sean P Elliott, Suprita Krishna, Lee C Zhao, Christopher McClung, Bradley A Erickson, Benjamin N Breyer
PURPOSE: To characterize anterior urinary fistulae following radiotherapy for prostate cancer. METHODS: Over 10 years, 31 men were identified to have an anterior urinary fistula. A retrospective database was created to evaluate patient demographics, presentation, diagnostic procedures, operative interventions, outcomes, and complications. Comparisons between men who underwent cystectomy versus bladder-sparing surgeries were performed. RESULTS: At a median age of 73 (interquartile range (IQR) 68...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928431/corrigendum-to-pazopanib-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-david-cella-and-jennifer-l-beaumont-therapeutic-advances-in-urology-2016-vol-8-1-61-69-doi-10-1177-1756287215614236
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/1756287215614236.].
August 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927021/cost-analysis-of-treatments-for-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#10
Bruce L Jacobs, Rachana Seelam, Julie C Lai, Janet M Hanley, J Stuart Wolf, Brent Keith Hollenbeck, John M Hollingsworth, Andrew W Dick, Claude M Setodji, Christopher S Saigal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction is a common urologic condition that accounts for approximately $12 million in inpatient spending annually. Few studies have assessed the costs related to treatment. We sought to examine the cost of care for patients treated for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the MarketScan® database to identify adults 18 to 64 years old treated with minimally invasive pyeloplasty, open pyeloplasty, and endopyelotomy for ureteropelvic junction obstruction between 2002 and 2010...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926970/management-of-endometriosis-involving-the-urinary-tract
#11
Mobolaji O Ajao, Jon I Einarsson
Endometriosis is a common cause of infertility and disabling pelvic pain in reproductive age women. The most widely accepted theory of its pathogenesis is the retrograde flow of menstrual products, although extra-abdominal and extrapelvic diagnoses have been made. After the pelvic peritoneum and gynecologic structures, the most commonly affected sites are the lower gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. When the urinary tract is involved, the bladder is the predominant site, followed by the ureters. The focus of this seminar will thus be these two anatomic sites...
December 7, 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926758/association-between-surgeon-scorecard-use-and-operating-room-costs
#12
Corinna C Zygourakis, Victoria Valencia, Christopher Moriates, Christy K Boscardin, Sereina Catschegn, Alvin Rajkomar, Kevin J Bozic, Kent Soo Hoo, Andrew N Goldberg, Lawrence Pitts, Michael T Lawton, R Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
Importance: Despite the significant contribution of surgical spending to health care costs, most surgeons are unaware of their operating room costs. Objective: To examine the association between providing surgeons with individualized cost feedback and surgical supply costs in the operating room. Design, Setting, and Participants: The OR Surgical Cost Reduction (OR SCORE) project was a single-health system, multihospital, multidepartmental prospective controlled study in an urban academic setting...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926518/higher-programmed-cell-death-1-ligand-1-pd-l1-mrna-level-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinomas-is-associated-with-a-favorable-outcome-due-to-the-active-immune-responses-in-tumor-tissues
#13
Xiang-Hui Ning, Yan-Qing Gong, Shi-Ming He, Teng Li, Jiang-Yi Wang, Shuang-He Peng, Jin-Chao Chen, Jia-Yuan Liu, Nie-Nie Qi, Ying-Lu Guo, Kan Gong
Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common urological tumors. The role of programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) in renal cell carcinomas in predicting outcome of the patients is yet unclear. We analyzed the clinical and RNA-seq data of 522 kidney clear cell cancer, 259 kidney papillary cell carcinoma and 66 kidney chromophobe patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. In kidney clear cell cancer patients with high PD-L1 mRNA level and low PD-L1 mRNA level in tumors, the median overall survival periods were 45...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924710/occupational-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-in-an-area-of-former-coal-iron-and-steel-industries-in-germany-part-1-results-from-a-study-performed-in-the-1980s
#14
Silvia Dickhut, Wolfgang Urfer, Susanne Reich, Tiemo Bandel, Karl-Dieter Bremicker, Wolfgang Neugebauer, Jürgen Sökeland, Hermann M Bolt, Klaus Golka
Prostate cancer is the most frequent occurring malignancy in men in many Western countries. Unfortunately, only a few studies on occupational risk factors have been published. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate possible occupational risk factors in a former center of coal, iron, and steel industries the greater Dortmund area, located in the western part of Germany. In three local departments of urology, a total of 238 prostate cancer cases and 414 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia as controls were requested to provide information for all jobs ever performed for 6 mo or longer...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924372/mesh-removal-after-vaginal-surgery-what-happens-in-the-uk
#15
Jonathan Duckett, Roland Morley, Ash Monga, Tim Hillard, Dudley Robinson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is little objective evidence regarding complication rates for mesh procedures outside clinical trials. Current coding poorly collects complications of prolapse and continence surgery using mesh. This survey was designed to identify surgeons performing mesh removal and reporting patterns in the UK. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent to all members of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and members of the Section of Female Neurological and Urodynamic Urology of the British Association of Urologists in the UK...
December 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924352/-prerequisites-skills-and-productivity-of-young-academic-urologists-in-germany
#16
H Borgmann, J Bründl, J Huber, C Ruf, U Schagdarsurgengin, B Wullich, J Salem
BACKGROUND: To safeguard scientific and clinical progress, German urology requires properly trained junior scientists. Before initiating or continuing actions aiming at quality improvement an analysis of the status quo is necessary. OBJECTIVE: To assess the conditions to pursue research, research skills and research output of junior scientists in urology in Germany. MATERIAL UND METHODS: A 16-item online questionnaire was sent to 95 junior scientists in urology within the research network GeSRU Academics...
December 6, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924351/-comments-on-the-statement-of-the-german-society-of-urology-on-the-press-announcement-of-the-federal-association-of-local-health-insurance-funds
#17
EDITORIAL
C Gilfrich, G Popken, J-U Stolzenburg, L Weißbach, C von Zastrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924198/comparison-of-effect-of-electroacupuncture-and-nefopam-for-prevention-of-postanesthetic-shivering-in-patients-undergoing-urologic-operation-under-spinal-anesthesia
#18
Jun-Ho Hong, Su-Jin Kim, Min-Sub Hwang
BACKGROUND: Shivering during spinal anesthesia is a frequent complication and is induced by the core-to-peripheral redistribution of heat. Nefopam has minimal side effects and prevents shivering by reducing the shivering threshold. Electroacupuncture is known to prevent shivering by preserving the core body temperature. We compared the efficacies of electroacupuncture and nefopam for the prevention of shivering during spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients scheduled for elective urological surgery under spinal anesthesia were enrolled in the study...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923674/impact-of-a-decision-aid-on-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer-patients-understanding-of-the-rationale-for-active-surveillance
#19
Margaret K Formica, Shaun Wason, John D Seigne, Telisa M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To compare newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer patients who did and did not view a decision aid (DA) on their knowledge of the rationale for active surveillance (AS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 452 newly diagnosed low-risk localized prostate cancer patients. Patients were mailed the video/DVD DA and completed a web-based questionnaire that contained two multiple choice questions assessing knowledge of the rationale for AS...
November 22, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922040/functional-urological-disorders-a-sensitized-defence-response-in-the-bladder-gut-brain-axis
#20
REVIEW
Carsten Leue, Joanna Kruimel, Desiree Vrijens, Adrian Masclee, Jim van Os, Gommert van Koeveringe
Functional urological and gastrointestinal disorders are interrelated and characterized by a chronic course and considerable treatment resistance. Urological disorders associated with a sizeable functional effect include overactive bladder (OAB), interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). Poor treatment outcomes might be attributable to untreated underlying psychological and psychiatric disorders, as the co-occurrence of functional urological and gastrointestinal disorders with mood and anxiety disorders is common...
December 6, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
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