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Lymphoma pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916148/chemokine-receptor-directed-imaging-and-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Andreas K Buck, Antje Stolzenburg, Heribert Hänscheid, Andreas Schirbel, Katharina Lückerath, Margret Schottelius, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Constantin Lapa
The C - X - C chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its natural ligand CXCL12 are key factors in the process of cell migration, homing of hematopoietic stem cells to the bone marrow, and represent important mediators of angiogenesis and cell proliferation. The CXCR4/CXCL12 interplay can be disrupted by CXCR4 antagonists such as Plerixafor which are already in daily clinical use, i.e. for mobilization and subsequent harvesting of hematopoietic progenitor cells and stem cell transplantation. In a pathological condition, involvement in the process of metastasis and homing of cancer cells to a protective niche has been described, making CXCR4 an attractive target for imaging and treatment of malignant diseases...
September 12, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915662/cbl-b-predicts-postoperative-survival-in-patients-with-resectable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#2
Qian Dong, Yuteng Ma, Yao Zhang, Xiujuan Qu, Zhi Li, Yafei Qi, Yunpeng Liu, Ce Li, Kai Li, Xianghong Yang, Xiaofang Che
Casitas B-lineage lymphoma b (Cbl-b) is a ubiquitin-protein ligase and a signal transducing adaptor protein involved in immune regulation, and it may be involved in the development and progression of cancer. We investigated the association between Cbl-b expression and prognosis in patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The clinicopathological characteristics and survival data of 134 patients with surgery for PDAC between January 2009 and February 2012 were retrospectively evaluated, and Cbl-b expression was assayed by immunohistochemical staining...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913004/hypermetabolic-thyroid-incidentaloma-on-positron-emission-tomography-review-of-laboratory-radiologic-and-pathologic-characteristics
#3
Mehrdad Bakhshayesh Karam, Abtin Doroudinia, Farzaneh Joukar, Kobra Nadi, Atosa Dorudinia, Payam Mehrian, Abbas Yousefikoma
INTRODUCTION: Incidental hypermetabolic thyroid lesions on Positron Emission Tomography have significant clinical value and may harbor malignancy. In this study we evaluated laboratory, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics of incidental hypermetabolic thyroid lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 18 patients prospectively with various malignancies and hypermetabolic thyroid incidentaloma. The thyroid function tests, ultrasound assessment, and guided FNA biopsy were performed on all cases...
2017: Journal of Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912774/therapeutic-antibodies-to-kir3dl2-and-other-target-antigens-on-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphomas
#4
REVIEW
Christian Schmitt, Anne Marie-Cardine, Armand Bensussan
KIR3DL2 is a member of the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) family that was initially identified at the surface of natural killer (NK) cells. KIR3DL2, also known as CD158k, is expressed as a disulfide-linked homodimer. Each chain is composed of three immunoglobulin-like domains and a long cytoplasmic tail containing two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. Beside its expression on NK cells, it is also found on rare circulating T lymphocytes, mainly CD8(+). Although the KIR gene number varies between haplotype, KIR3DL2 is a framework gene present in all individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910872/-pathologic-subtyping-of-primary-lymphoma-of-breast-and-prognostic-analysis
#5
Z J Zhou, J L Xie, P Wei, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the pathological types and prognostic factors of primary lymphoma of breast (PLB). Methods: The clinical pathological data of 115 cases of PLB during October 2006 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, and the basic clinical and pathological data, pathology types and the immunohistochemical slides by EliVision two-step method for staining were summarized. Results: Almost all the patients were women (113/115), and the median age was 52 years old (range: 27 to 81 years old). The main symptom was painless progressive mass in breast...
September 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910871/-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-5-cases
#6
J Hu, J L Xie, Z J Zhou, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the pathological features and clinical manifestations of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of MALT lymphoma in children were investigated by morphology and immunophenotyping along with clinical follow-up. Results: Five cases of MALT lymphoma occurred in the antrum, orbit, parotid gland and nasopharynx. All patients had no B symptoms and only one patient showed a local mass with ulcer. One case presented with cervical lymph node enlargement, and 4 cases showed no evidence of lymphadenopathy...
September 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910817/the-lung-in-dysregulated-states-of-humoral-immunity
#7
Yurdagül Uzunhan, Florence Jeny, Marianne Kambouchner, Morgane Didier, Diane Bouvry, Hilario Nunes, Jean-François Bernaudin, Dominique Valeyre
In common variable immunodeficiency, lung manifestations are related to different mechanisms: recurrent pneumonias due to encapsulated bacteria responsible for diffuse bronchiectasis, diffuse infiltrative pneumonia with various patterns, and lymphomas, mostly B cell extranodal non-Hodgkin type. The diagnosis relies on significant serum Ig deficiency and the exclusion of any primary or secondary cause. Histopathology may be needed. Immunoglobulin (IgG) replacement is crucial to prevent infections and bronchiectasis...
September 15, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906566/minimally-invasive-small-intestinal-exploration-and-targeted-abdominal-organ-biopsy-with-a-wound-retraction-device-in-42-cats-2005-2015
#8
Jessica Baron, Michelle Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, Ameet Singh, J Brad Case, William T N Culp, David E Holt, Kelli N Mayhew, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique and evaluate short-term outcome after minimally invasive small intestinal exploration and targeted organ biopsy with a wound retractor device (WRD) in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-two cats. METHODS: A wound retractor was inserted into the abdomen on the ventral midline through a 2-4 cm incision at the level of the umbilicus. Short segments (6-10 cm long) of intestinal tract were sequentially exteriorized and explored through the WRD...
September 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900997/-surgical-treatment-and-prognostic-analysis-for-57-patients-with-gastrointestinal-lymphoma
#9
Jianhong Peng, Binyi Xiao, Yixin Zhao, Cong Li, Rongxin Zhang, Gong Chen, Liren Li, Zhenhai Lu, Peirong Ding, Desen Wan, Zhizhong Pan, Xiaojun Wu
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical features and prognostic factors in patients with primary gastrointestinal lymphoma(PGIL) in order to provide evidence for optimizing surgical treatment. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 57 PGIL patients undergoing abdominal surgery in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between October 1990 and January 2015 were retrospectively collected. The survival rates were compared among patients with different clinicopathologic characteristics by Kaplan-Meier method, while Cox regression model was employed to analyze the prognostic factors...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898795/intestinal-perforation-that-developed-after-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Cihad Tatar, Mazlum Yavas, Onder Akkus, Bahaeddin Tapkan, Oguz Kagan Batikan, Savas Bayrak, Soykan Arikan
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) appear with the malign transformation of mature lymphocytes. Intestinal perforations are one of the most well-known complications of NHLs. In this review, a 29-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with NHL with gastrointestinal involvement that developed intestinal perforation after chemotherapy is presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old male patient who received systemic chemotherapy in another healthcare center due to Major B-Cell Lymphoma was examined because he had stomachache after the treatment...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898343/-differential-diagnosis-of-bone-marrow-and-lung-granulomas-report-of-one-case
#11
Camila Peña, Andrés Soto, Pablo Villegas
The differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and lymphoma with pulmonary infiltration is very difficult, given their similar clinical characteristics. We report a 59 year old female with weight loss, fever, dyspnea and cough of several months of duration. She had a cavitated mass in lung imaging. A positive conventional PCR lead to the diagnosis of tuberculosis, but she had negative smears and cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The patient did not respond to treatment and her clinical condition worsened...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898190/renal-tumors-of-childhood-radiologic-pathologic-correlation-part-2-the-2nd-decade-from-the-radiologic-pathology-archives
#12
Ellen M Chung, Grant E Lattin, Kimberly E Fagen, Andrew M Kim, Michael A Pavio, Adam J Fehringer, Richard M Conran
Malignant renal tumors account for 7% of childhood cancers, and Wilms tumors are by far the most common-but not in older children and adolescents. Among individuals in the latter half of their 2nd decade of life, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is more common than Wilms tumor. The histopathologic spectrum of RCCs in children differs from that in adults. The most common subtype of RCC in children and adolescents is Xp11.2 translocation RCC, which is distinguished by hyperattenuation at nonenhanced computed tomography, a defined capsule, and associated retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894065/-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-in-the-thymus-report-of-a-case
#13
Kazuyoshi Shimada, Masaki Kawamura
A 64-years-old woman with chronic thyroiditis was refered to our hospital because of anterior mediastinum tumors identified by chest computed tomography (CT). The lesions with increased fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) uptake was noted by CT and positron emission tomography (PET). Extended thymo-thymectomy was performed, and the tumors was completely resected. Pathologically, the tumors were diagnosed as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue( MALT) lymphoma of the thymus. Postoperative chemotherapy was not performed and the patient has been well for 4 years without recurrence...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#14
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889716/-a-case-of-primary-sigmoid-colon-lymphoma-presenting-with-sigmoidovesical-fistula-in-a-patient-with-a-long-history-of-ulcerative-colitis
#15
Kosuke Ogawa, Yosuke Shimizu, Kazunari Tsuchihashi, Kazutaka Kida, Sojun Kanamaru, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Misa Ishihara, Kimio Hashimoto, Noriyuki Ito
A 73-year-old male patient with a 16-year history of ulcerative colitis presented to our hospital with a history of pneumaturia and fever. Cystoscopy and a computed tomography scan showed sigmoidovesical fistula. Colonoscopy showed a necrotic tumor along with sigmoidovesical fistula. A biopsy was not sufficient to make a definitive diagnosis of the tumor. Total colectomy with ileostomy and partial cystectomy were performed. A pathological examination showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the sigmoid colon...
August 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883701/accuracy-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-tissue-acquisition-in-the-evaluation-of-lymph-nodes-enlargement-in-the-absence-of-on-site-pathologist
#16
Yung Ka Chin, Julio Iglesias-Garcia, Daniel de la Iglesia, Jose Lariño-Noia, Ihab Abdulkader-Nallib, Hector Lázare, Susana Rebolledo Olmedo, J Enrique Dominguez-Muñoz
AIM: To evaluate factors that influence the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition for lymph node enlargement in the absence of an on-site pathologist. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent EUS-guided tissue acquisition for the pathological diagnosis of lymph node enlargement between April 2012 and June 2015 is reported. Tissue acquisition was performed with both cytology and biopsy needles of different calibers...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883272/peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-not-otherwise-specified-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis
#17
Takaharu Suzuki, Keisuke Kawamoto, Suguru Tamura, Shun Uemura, Akane Kaihatsu, Hiroki Nemoto, Hironori Kobayashi, Takashi Ushiki, Kyoko Fuse, Yasuhiko Shibazaki, Masato Moriyama, Masayoshi Masuko, Miwako Narita, Hirohito Sone, Sadao Aoki, Naoya Nakamura, Koichi Oshima, Jun Takizawa
We retrospectively analyzed clinical and pathological features, treatments, and prognoses in 28 patients with newly diagnosed peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) in Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital. Of them, 16 were males and 12 were females, and their median age was 62.5 (range, 26-88) years. The International Prognostic Index was high-intermediate/high in 68% of patients. Twelve patients were treated with CHOP/THP-COP and nine with third-generation chemotherapy regimens...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883003/discovery-of-human-similar-gene-fusions-in-canine-cancers
#18
Ronan Ulvé, Mélanie Rault, Mathieu Bahin, Laetitia Lagoutte, Jérôme Abadie, Clotilde De Brito, Jean-Michel Coindre, Nadine Botherel, Audrey Rousseau, Valentin Wucher, Edouard Cadieu, Catherine Thieblemont, Christophe Hitte, Laurence Cornevin, Florian Cabillic, Laura Bachelot, David Gilot, Benoit Hennuy, Thierry Guillaudeux, Arnaud Le Goff, Thomas Derrien, Benoît Hédan, Catherine André
Canine cancers represent a tremendous natural resource due to their incidence and striking similarities to human cancers, sharing similar clinical and pathological features as well as oncogenic events including identical somatic mutations. Considering the importance of gene fusions as driver alterations, we explored their relevance in canine cancers. We focused on three distinct human-comparable canine cancers representing different tissues and embryonic origins. Through RNA-Seq, we discovered similar gene fusions as those found in their human counterparts: IGK-CCND3 in B-cell lymphoma, MPB-BRAF in glioma, and COL3A1-PDGFB in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans-like...
September 7, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881116/surgical-roles-for-spinal-involvement-of-hematological-malignancies
#19
Sang-Il Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Kee-Yong Ha, Jae-Won Lee, Jin-Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Patients with hematological malignancies frequently encounter spine-related symptoms, which are caused by disease itself or process of treatment. However, there is still lack of knowledge on their epidemiology and clinical courses. The purpose of this article is to review clinical presentations and surgical results for spinal involvement of hematologic malignancies. METHODS: From January 2011 to September 2014, 195 patients (98 males and 97 females) suffering from hematological malignancies combined with spinal problems were retrospectively analyzed for clinical and radiological characteristics and their clinical results...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868017/natural-killer-cell-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-lymphoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-recent-literature
#20
Qanita Sedick, Sultan Alotaibi, Saeed Alshieban, Khalid Ben Naheet, Ghaleb Elyamany
Natural killer (NK) cell lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma is a rare haemopoietic tumour currently defined in the 2008 WHO classification under the category of acute leukaemias of ambiguous lineage. A diagnosis of this type of leukaemia is considered in cases expressing CD56 along with immature T-cell-associated markers such as CD2 and CD7 with absence of B-cell and myeloid markers; in addition, blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell leukaemia should be excluded. Prior to 2008, these precursor NK cell lymphoblastic leukaemias/lymphomas were categorized as myeloid/NK cell acute leukaemia with a phenotype identical to acute myeloid leukaemia with minimal differentiation...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
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