keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutrition in esrd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775238/comparison-of-creatinine-index-and-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-for-nutritional-evaluation-of-patients-with-hemodialysis
#1
Wonsun Hwang, Mi Sook Cho, Ji Eun Oh, Ji Hyun Lee, Jong Cheol Jeong, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Inwhee Park
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and the risk of mortality is strongly correlated with malnutrition. Current methods of nutritional evaluation are mostly subjective, time-consuming, and cumbersome. Creatinine index (CI) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) are very simple and objective methods to assess the nutritional status of HD patients. The present study compares the performance of CI and GNRI as nutritional risk assessment tools. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with end-stage renal disease on HD were recruited from a single tertiary center...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737013/incremental-dialysis-for-preserving-residual-kidney-function-does-one-size-fit-all-when-initiating-dialysis
#2
Anna T Mathew, Yoshitsugu Obi, Connie M Rhee, Jason A Chou, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
While many patients have substantial residual kidney function (RKF) when initiating hemodialysis (HD), most patients with end stage renal disease in the United States are initiated on 3-times per week conventional HD regimen, with little regard to RKF or patient preference. RKF is associated with many benefits including survival, volume control, solute clearance, and reduced inflammation. Several strategies have been recommended to preserve RKF after HD initiation, including an incremental approach to HD initiation...
May 7, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707907/secondary-hyperparathyroidism-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
REVIEW
Hirotaka Komaba, Masafumi Fukagawa
Protein-energy wasting (PEW), a syndrome involving adverse changes in nutrition and body composition, is a serious problem associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The pathogenesis of PEW is multifactorial, and the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. However, recent translational work has provided compelling evidence for a causal role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the pathogenesis of adipose tissue browning and increased energy expenditure, a critical component of PEW in ESRD...
April 30, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682387/surgical-management-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-a-case-report-in-kidney-transplant-patient
#4
R Shahbazov, M Talanian, J L Alejo, F Azari, A Agarwal, K L Brayman
Introduction: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a clinical syndrome of progressive fibrotic change in response to prolonged, repetitive, and typically severe insult to the peritoneal mesothelium, often occurring in the setting of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Clear guidelines for successful management remain elusive. We describe the successful surgical management of EPS in a 28-year-old male s/p deceased donor kidney transplant for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657203/the-development-of-malnutrition-is-not-dependent-on-its-traditional-contributing-factors-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-in-developing-countries
#5
Syed Rizwan Ali Bokhari, Mirza Ameer Faizan Ali, Syed Arsalan Khalid, Bushra Iftikhar, Hafiz Ijaz Ahmad, Ahlam Safdar Hussain, Usman Yaqoob
Malnutrition in dialysis population is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Nutritional assessment is a neglected area in hemodialysis (HD) patients in developing countries. The aim of the study was to find out whether any traditional parameters have statistically significant correlation with malnutrition. All 58 end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance HD in our dialysis unit were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The nutritional status was assessed by a predesigned questionnaire including subjective global assessment (SGA)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596313/relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-geriatric-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis
#6
Dinorah Carrera-Jiménez, Paola Miranda-Alatriste, Ximena Atilano-Carsi, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Ángeles Espinosa-Cuevas
Gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) are common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and are associated with nutritional risks resulting from low food intake. Little is known about the relationship between GIS and malnutrition in geriatric patients with ESRD. The main objective of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status and severity of GIS in geriatric patients on dialysis therapy. Clinically-stable geriatric patients (older than 60 years old) who were dialysis outpatients were included in this cross-sectional study...
March 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593798/depressive-symptoms-but-not-chronic-pain-have-an-impact-on-the-survival-of-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#7
Mariusz Kusztal, Ewa Trafidło, Katarzyna Madziarska, Hanna Augustyniak-Bartosik, Maciej Karczewski, Waclaw Weyde, Magdalena Krajewska, Joanna Rymaszewska, Marian Klinger
Introduction: More than 1/3 of patients with end-stage renal disease who are in a chronic dialysis program suffer from chronic pain and depression/anxiety. The aim of the study was to determine the impacts of symptoms of depression/anxiety, chronic pain and quality of life (QoL) on 6-year patient survival. Material and methods: Observational study of end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis ( n = 205) who met the inclusion criteria. Patients from three dialysis centers in Lower Silesia were asked to complete a battery of validated questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire, the Verbal Rating Scale (VRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525790/race-ethnicity-dietary-acid-load-and-risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-among-us-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Deidra C Crews, Tanushree Banerjee, Donald E Wesson, Hal Morgenstern, Rajiv Saran, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Desmond E Williams, Neil R Powe
BACKGROUND: Dietary acid load (DAL) contributes to the risk of CKD and CKD progression. We sought to determine the relation of DAL to racial/ethnic differences in the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among persons with CKD. METHODS: Among 1,123 non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III participants with estimated glomerular filtration rate 15-59 mL/min/1.73 m2, DAL was estimated using the Remer and Manz net acid excretion (NAEes) formula and 24-h dietary recall...
2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510919/improving-incident-esrd-care-via-a-transitional-care-unit
#9
Brendan Bowman, Sijie Zheng, Alex Yang, Brigitte Schiller, José A Morfín, Melvin Seek, Robert S Lockridge
Dialysis care in the United States continues to move toward an emphasis on continuous quality improvement and performance benchmarking. Government- and industry-sponsored programs have evolved to assess and incentivize outcomes for many components of end-stage renal disease care. One aspect that remains largely unaddressed at a systemic level is the high-risk transition period from chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury to permanent dialysis dependence. Incident dialysis patients experience disproportionately high mortality and hospitalization rates coupled with high costs...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455475/nutrition-education-in-the-care-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#10
Cheryl A M Anderson, Hoang Anh Nguyen
Diet counseling and nutrition education are recommended in the prevention and management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The importance of effectively addressing nutrition with patients has grown given the increasing prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes; conditions which influence CKD/ESRD. Dietary advice for individuals with CKD/ESRD can be seen as complex; and successful dietary management requires careful planning, periodic assessment of nutritional status, as well as monitoring of dietary compliance...
March 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324682/malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis-syndrome-mia-and-diet-recommendations-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-treated-with-maintenance-hemodialysis
#11
Małgorzata Maraj, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Paulina Dumnicka, Agnieszka Gala-Błądzińska, Katarzyna Gawlik, Dorota Pawlica-Gosiewska, Anna Ząbek-Adamska, Małgorzata Mazur-Laskowska, Piotr Ceranowicz, Marek Kuźniewski
Malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis syndrome is one of the causes of increased mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the study was to assess the inflammation and nutritional status of patients in end-stage kidney disease treated with maintenance hemodialysis. The study included a group of 98 hemodialyzed patients with stage 5 CKD (38 women and 60 men). Albumin, prealbumin (PRE), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum samples collected before mid-week dialysis. Fruit and vegetables frequency intakes were assessed with a questionnaire...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229170/care-of-the-pediatric-patient-on-chronic-dialysis
#12
REVIEW
Annabelle N Chua, Bradley A Warady
Optimal care of the pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient on chronic dialysis is complex and requires multidisciplinary care as well as patient/caregiver involvement. The dialysis team, along with the family and patient, should all play a role in choosing the dialysis modality which best meets the patient's needs, taking into account special considerations and management issues that may be particularly pertinent to children who receive peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis. Meticulous attention to dialysis adequacy in terms of solute and fluid removal, as well as to a variety of clinical manifestations of ESRD, including anemia, growth and nutrition, chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder, cardiovascular health, and neurocognitive development, is essential...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#13
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221626/effects-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-mortality-missed-dialysis-treatments-and-nutritional-markers-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Debbie Benner, Steven M Brunelli, Becky Brosch, Jane Wheeler, Allen R Nissenson
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting is common in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis and is strongly associated with mortality and adverse outcomes. Intradialytic oral nutritional supplements (ONS) reduce risk of mortality in these patients. Large studies characterizing the impact of ONS on other outcomes are lacking. We assessed the associations between administration of ONS and clinical and nutritional outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of a pilot program providing ONS to patients at a large dialysis organization in the United States...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217305/longitudinal-weight-change-during-ckd-progression-and-its-association-with-subsequent-mortality
#15
Elaine Ku, Joel D Kopple, Kirsten L Johansen, Charles E McCulloch, Alan S Go, Dawei Xie, Feng Lin, L Lee Hamm, Jiang He, John W Kusek, Sankar D Navaneethan, Ana C Ricardo, Hernan Rincon-Choles, Miroslaw Smogorzewski, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the changes in weight that may occur over time among adults with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether such weight changes are independently associated with death after the onset of end-stage renal disease has also not been rigorously examined. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,933 participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study, a longitudinal cohort of patients with CKD...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181437/clinical-features-of-patients-treated-by-peritoneal-dialysis-for-over-a-decade
#16
Mengli Tong, Yuhui Wang, Jun Ni, Ning Weng, Chuanxia Chen, Hongyu Chen, Lindholm Bengt
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is well-established as renal replacement therapy in end stage renal disease and has survival rates similar or better than hemodialysis (HD) for the initial years on dialysis therapy. However retention rate is lower due to higher technique failure rates than in HD and few patients stay on PD for more than 10 years (PD>10 yrs ). Here we investigated clinical features characterizing PD>10 yrs patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a single center study of 450 prevalent PD patients, 35 PD>10 yrs patients (n=35) were compared with patients (n=415) who had been on PD for shorter periods of time in terms of clinical characteristics...
2017: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148022/hemodialysis-versus-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-study-in-two-international-centers
#17
Renhua Lu, Carla Estremadoyro, Xiaohuan Chen, Mingli Zhu, Leonardo C Ribeiro, Yucheng Yan, Alessandra Brendolan, Wei Fang, Carlo Crepaldi, Zhaohui Ni, Leyi Gu, Claudio Ronco
INTRODUCTION: Given that it is difficult to randomize end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients to either hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD), differences between these renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities are of major interest and remain controversial. METHODS: All data on maintenance dialysis patients during 2009 to 2013 in the Renji Hospital in Shanghai, China and in the San Bortolo Hospital in Vicenza, Italy were selected. Patients who changed their therapy from HD to PD or PD to HD during this study were excluded...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147171/recent-progress-of-bypass-surgery-to-the-dialysis-dependent-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#18
Nobuyoshi Azuma, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Hiroko Okuda, Keisuke Miyake, Atsuhiro Koya
According to expansion of dialysis-dependent population, more than half of patients with critical ischemic limbs are dialysis-dependent in Japan. Although patients with end-staged renal disease are well-known as poor life prognosis, well-managed dialysis patients in Japan can survive much longer compared to dialysis patients in the United States and Europe. Therefore, some dialysis patients can enjoy the long-term benefits of bypass surgery. To decide the indication of bypass surgery, patient's general condition, nutrition status, and vein availability are more important rather than arterial disease anatomy...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146139/how-to-prevent-renal-cachexia-a-clinical-randomized-pilot-study-testing-oral-supplemental-nutrition-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#19
Michael Zilles, Christoph Betz, Oliver Jung, Stefan Gauer, Renate Hammerstingl, Astrid Wächtershäuser, Thomas J Vogl, Helmut Geiger, Aida Asbe-Vollkopf, Rainer U Pliquett
OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease associates with catabolism and sarcopenia. Hypothetically, peroral supplemental nutrition over 6 months prevents catabolism in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Prospective randomized pilot study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00687050). SUBJECTS: Twenty-three hemodialysis patients (15 males and 7 females) with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of 2 ambulatory hemodialysis centers...
January 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064128/the-association-between-change-in-serum-bicarbonate-and-change-in-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-patients-receiving-conventional-or-more-frequent-maintenance-hemodialysis
#20
Alessio Molfino, Gerald J Beck, Minwei Li, Joan C Lo, George A Kaysen
AIM: Correction of metabolic acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease has been associated with improvement in thyroid function. We examined whether changes in bicarbonate were associated with changes in thyroid function in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving conventional or more frequent hemodialysis. METHODS: In the Frequent Hemodialysis Network Trials, the relationship between changes in serum bicarbonate, free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) was examined among 147 and 48 patients with endogenous thyroid function who received conventional (3x/week) or more frequent (6x/week) hemodialysis (Daily Trial) or who received conventional or more frequent nocturnal hemodialysis (Nocturnal Trial)...
October 24, 2017: Nephrology
keyword
keyword
115392
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"