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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342312/maladaptive-repetitive-thought-as-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon-and-treatment-target-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Deanna M Kaplan, Roman Palitsky, Angela L Carey, Tracy E Crane, Cody M Havens, Michael R Medrano, Samantha J Reznik, David A Sbarra, Mary-Frances O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive repetitive thought (RT), the frequent and repetitive revisiting of thoughts or internal experiences, is associated with a range of psychopathological processes and disorders. We present a synthesis of prior research on maladaptive RT and develop a framework for elucidating and distinguishing between five forms of maladaptive RT. METHOD: In addition to the previously studied maladaptive RT (worry, rumination, and obsession), this framework is used to identify two additional forms of maladaptive RT (yearning and interoceptive RT)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330086/learning-profitable-habitat-types-by-juvenile-crayfish
#2
Taylor M Johnson, Adam L Crane
Habitat selection is fundamentally important to animal ecology, and animals that can learn about habitats can increase the probability of avoiding detection by predators or quickly finding food. Here, we tested whether juveniles of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, can learn preference for habitat types based on experience with food availability. Crayfish were housed in arenas with two habitat types, half leaf habitat and half rock habitat. Over several days, crayfish were fed consistently in one of the habitat types...
January 9, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246674/immunization-practices-of-u-s-obstetrician-gynecologists-for-pregnant-patients
#3
Sean T O'Leary, Laura E Riley, Megan C Lindley, Mandy A Allison, Lori A Crane, Laura P Hurley, Brenda L Beaty, Michaela Brtnikova, Margaret Collins, Alison P Albert, Allison K Fisher, Angela J Jiles, Allison Kempe
INTRODUCTION: U.S. obstetrician/gynecologists play a critical role as vaccinators of pregnant women. However, little is known about their current immunization practices. Thus, study objectives were to determine (1) practices related to assessment of vaccination status and vaccine delivery for pregnant patients; (2) barriers to stocking and administering vaccines; and (3) factors associated with administering both influenza and tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226863/associations-between-use-of-specific-analgesics-and-concentrations-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-42-or-phospho-tau-in-regions-of-human-cerebral-cortex
#4
Margaret E Flanagan, Eric B Larson, Rod L Walker, C Dirk Keene, Nadia Postupna, Brenna Cholerton, Joshua A Sonnen, Sascha Dublin, Paul K Crane, Thomas J Montine
Analgesics are commonly used by older adults, raising the question of whether their use might contribute to dementia risk and neuropathologic changes of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study is a population-based study of brain aging and incident dementia among people 65 years or older who are community dwelling and not demented at entry. Amyloid-β (Aβ)42 and phospho-tau were quantified using Histelide in regions of cerebral cortex from 420 brain autopsies. Total standard daily doses of prescription opioid and non-aspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exposure during a defined 10-year exposure window were identified using automated pharmacy dispensing data and used to classify people as having no/low, intermediate, or high exposure...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#5
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
November 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194021/a-retrospective-analysis-of-nickel-exposure-data-at-a-south-african-base-metal-refinery
#6
M M Young, C J Van Der Merwe, S J L Linde, J L Du Plessis
This study aimed to analyse historical soluble nickel exposure data from a South African base metal refinery, and to identify trends in the soluble nickel exposure from 1981 until 2014 in the electrowinning department. Exposure data were presented in an exposure matrix, which described exposure profiles for both area and personal exposures inside two tankhouses. Exposure data were standardised by converting total nickel aerosol concentrations to inhalable nickel concentrations (correction factor 3.0). One-way analyses of variances (ANOVA) were conducted to identify significant differences in log-transformed area and personal exposures from 1982 until 2014, and the trends were assessed with linear regression...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189607/the-effect-of-the-oral-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-k12-on-group-a-streptococcus-pharyngitis-a-pragmatic-trial-in-schools
#7
Hélène Doyle, Nevil Pierse, Ramona Tiatia, Deborah Williamson, Michael Baker, Julian Crane
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the oral probiotic S. salivarius K12 (K12) in preventing Group A streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis in 5-14 year old children at high risk of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). New Zealand has high rates of ARF amongst Māori and Pacific children. Children were already enrolled in a school based Ministry of Health throat swabbing and treatment program. Children self-identified and reported sore throats daily and were swabbed twice weekly...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163646/prevalence-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-in-captive-wildlife-species-of-india
#8
A A Prince Milton, R K Agarwal, G B Priya, M Saminathan, M Aravind, A Reddy, C K Athira, Anjay, T P Ramees, K Dhama, A K Sharma, A Kumar
Campylobacteriosis is an important zoonotic disease and the prevalence of Campylobacter is largely unknown in the wildlife of India. A total of 370 samples, comprising of 314 fresh faecal samples from apparently healthy captive wild animals and birds, 30 stool swabs from animal care takers and 26 samples of the animals' food and water were collected from G. B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital, Kanpur Zoo, Wildlife Park, IVRI and the Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences (PGRIAS), Chennai, Tamilnadu from August 2014 to May 2015...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156252/factors-associated-with-physician-self-efficacy-in-mental-illness-management-and-team-based-care
#9
Danielle F Loeb, Erin Leister, Evette Ludman, Ingrid A Binswanger, Lori Crane, Miriam Dickinson, Danielle M Kline, Frank V deGruy, Donald Nease, Elizabeth A Bayliss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134629/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-dementia-risk-prospective-population-based-study
#10
Shelly L Gray, Rod L Walker, Sascha Dublin, Onchee Yu, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether higher cumulative proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure is associated with greater dementia risk. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Washington, an integrated healthcare delivery system in Seattle, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older without dementia at study entry (N = 3,484). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were screened for dementia every 2 years, and those who screened positive underwent extensive evaluation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118697/reliable-and-reproducible-gaba-measurements-using-automated-spectral-prescription-at-ultra-high-field
#11
Yan Li, Wei Bian, Peder Larson, Jason C Crane, Prasanna Parvathaneni, Srikantan Nagarajan, Sarah J Nelson
Purpose: To evaluate spectral acquisition processes important for obtaining reliable and reproducible γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signals from volunteers in brain regions that are frequently used for neuroimaging studies [anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), superior temporal gyrus, and caudate] at ultra-high field. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers were studied using a single-voxel Point-RESolved Spectrosocpy (PRESS) sequence with band selective inversion with gradient dephasing pulses (BASING). The editing pulse was designed to be symmetrically placed at 2...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117873/implementation-of-an-emergency-department-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter-pathway-improves-rates-of-appropriate-anticoagulation-reduces-length-of-stay-and-thirty-day-revisit-rates-for-congestive-heart-failure
#12
David Barbic, Chris DeWitt, Devin Harris, Robert Stenstrom, Eric Grafstein, Crane Wu, Cristian Vadeanu, Brett Heilbron, Jenelle Haaf, Stanley Tung, Dan Kalla, Julian Marsden, Jim Christenson, Frank Scheuermeyer
OBJECTIVES: An evidence-based emergency department (ED) atrial fibrillation and flutter (AFF) pathway was developed to improve care. The primary objective was to measure rates of new anticoagulation (AC) on ED discharge for AFF patients who were not AC correctly upon presentation. METHODS: This is a pre-post evaluation from April to December 2013 measuring the impact of our pathway on rates of new AC and other performance measures in patients with uncomplicated AFF solely managed by emergency physicians...
November 9, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096630/trajectories-of-physical-function-prior-to-death-and-brain-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-act-study
#13
Andrea Z LaCroix, Rebecca A Hubbard, Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Joshua A Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 305 participants in the autopsy subcohort of the prospective Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. Participants were aged 65+ and free of dementia at enrollment. Physical performance was measured at baseline and every two years using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096111/sessile-nanofluid-droplet-can-act-like-a-crane
#14
Angkur Jyoti Dipanka Shaikeea, Saptarshi Basu, Lalit Bansal
Interactive droplet systems form the backbone for emerging avenues in droplet based technologies like cell sorting, inkjet printing and digital microfluidics, to name a few. These and their associated fields have gained significant importance in the recent times. Here, we report one such phenomenon wherein a naturally evaporating nanocolloidal sessile droplet interacts with a porous silica gel bead to mimic a macro scale mechanical crane assembly. Precisely, we show a sequence of events displayed by the particle laden aqueous droplet (nanoparticles of silica at different loading rates placed on a hydrophobic substrate) when brought in contact with a meso-porous silica gel bead...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061153/randomized-trial-comparing-group-size-of-periodic-in-person-sessions-in-a-remotely-delivered-weight-loss-intervention
#15
Deborah F Tate, Carmina G Valle, Melissa M Crane, Brooke T Nezami, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Karen E Hatley, Molly Diamond, Kristen Polzien
BACKGROUND: Few randomized studies have examined differential effects of group size in behavioral weight control, especially in hybrid programs that include Internet treatment approaches. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (n = 195) comparing a 4 month hybrid internet weight loss program coupled with monthly face to face groups of 100 persons (Large Group, LG; 1 group) or to the same approach with monthly groups of 20 persons (Small Group, SG; 4 groups). Repeated-measures mixed-model analysis with age and race as covariates were used to estimate primary (weight) and secondary outcomes, and to test group differences in change over time...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055816/alzheimer-s-disease-sequencing-project-discovery-and-replication-criteria-for-cases-and-controls-data-from-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study-with-autopsy-follow-up
#16
Paul K Crane, Tatiana Foroud, Thomas J Montine, Eric B Larson
INTRODUCTION: The Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project (ADSP) used different criteria for assigning case and control status from the discovery and replication phases of the project. We considered data from a community-based prospective cohort study with autopsy follow-up where participants could be categorized as case, control, or neither by both definitions and compared the two sets of criteria. METHODS: We used data from the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study including Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV criteria for dementia status, McKhann et al...
October 19, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046509/full-shift-assessment-of-back-and-head-postures-in-overhead-crane-operators-with-and-without-symptoms
#17
Maryam Nourollahi Darabad, Adel Mazloumi, Gabraeil Nasl Saraji, Davood Afshari, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sitting with a flexed back and neck is recognized as being associated with an increased risk of neck and back pain disorders among overhead crane operators. The aim of this study was to compare back and head postures over a full shift of work between operators who experience back and neck pain, and healthy operators. METHODS: In a first phase, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was assessed using the Nordic questionnaire among 120 crane operators...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017484/solar-uv-exposure-among-outdoor-workers-in-denmark-measured-with-personal-uv-b-dosimeters-technical-and-practical-feasibility
#18
Kasper Grandahl, Ole Steen Mortensen, David Zim Sherman, Brian Køster, Paul-Anker Lund, Kristina Sophie Ibler, Paul Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is a well-known cause of skin cancer. This is problematic for outdoor workers. In Denmark alone, occupational skin cancer poses a significant health and safety risk for around 400,000 outdoor workers. Objective measures of solar ultraviolet radiation exposure are needed to help resolve this problem. This can be done using personal ultraviolet radiation dosimeters. METHODS: We consider technical and practical feasibility of measuring individual solar ultraviolet exposure at work and leisure in professions with different á priori temporal high-level outdoor worktime, using aluminium gallium nitride (AlGaN) photodiode detector based personal UV-B dosimeters...
October 10, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016488/pregnancy-outcomes-among-deaf-women-in-washington-state-1987-2012
#19
Melissa A Schiff, David R Doody, Deborah A Crane, Beth A Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among deaf women using population-based vital records data in Washington State from 1987 to 2012. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Washington State birth and fetal death records linked to state hospital discharge records to identify women with diagnosis codes for deafness indicated at their delivery hospitalization and compared them with randomly selected women without these codes...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992096/evaluating-the-population-impact-of-intervening-on-specific-targets-to-reduce-hiv-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-adulthood-a-conceptual-and-methodological-framework
#20
Chanelle J Howe, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Stephen R Cole, Joseph W Hogan, Bryan Lau, Richard D Moore, W Christopher Mathews, Heidi M Crane, Daniel R Drozd, Elvin Geng, Stephen L Boswell, Sonia Napravnik, Joseph J Eron, Michael J Mugavero
Reducing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) racial/ethnic disparities is a high priority. Reductions in HIV racial/ethnic disparities can potentially be achieved by intervening on important intermediates. The population impact of intervening on intermediates can be evaluated using observational data when certain conditions are met. However, using standard stratification-based approaches commonly employed in the observational HIV literature to estimate population impact in this setting may yield results that do not accurately estimate quantities of interest...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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