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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738509/ambient-sediment-quality-conditions-in-minnesota-lakes-usa-effects-of-watershed-parameters-and-aquatic-health-implications
#1
Judy L Crane
Surficial sediments were collected from 50 randomly selected Minnesota lakes, plus four a priori reference lakes, in 2007. The lakes encompassed broad geographic coverage of the state and included a variety of major land uses in the surrounding watersheds. Sediment samples were analyzed for a suite of metals, metalloids, persistent organic pollutants, total organic carbon, and particle size fractions. In addition, a small fish survey was conducted to assess PBDEs in both whole fish and fish tissues. Sediment quality in this set of lakes ranged from good (43%) to moderate (57%) based on an integrative measure of multiple contaminants...
July 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731431/association-between-cholesterol-exposure-and-neuropathological-findings-the-act-study
#2
Brianne M Bettcher, M Colin Ard, Bruce R Reed, Andreana Benitez, Amanda Simmons, Eric B Larson, Josh A Sonnen, Thomas J Montine, Ge Li, C Dirk Keene, Paul K Crane, Dan Mungas
We characterized the relationship between late life cholesterol exposure and neuropathological outcomes in a community-based, older adult cohort. Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) is a cohort study that enrolls consenting, randomly selected, non-demented people aged ā‰„65 from a healthcare delivery system. We used late life HDL and total cholesterol lab values from Group Health computerized records, and calculated HDL and non-HDL levels. We evaluated neuropathological outcomes of Alzheimer's disease, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, vascular brain injury, and Lewy body disease...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692699/multiple-quay-cranes-scheduling-for-double-cycling-in-container-terminals
#3
Yanling Chu, Xiaoju Zhang, Zhongzhen Yang
Double cycling is an efficient tool to increase the efficiency of quay crane (QC) in container terminals. In this paper, an optimization model for double cycling is developed to optimize the operation sequence of multiple QCs. The objective is to minimize the makespan of the ship handling operation considering the ship balance constraint. To solve the model, an algorithm based on Lagrangian relaxation is designed. Finally, we compare the efficiency of the Lagrangian relaxation based heuristic with the branch-and-bound method and a genetic algorithm using instances of different sizes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682269/adaptive-critic-nonlinear-robust-control-a-survey
#4
Ding Wang, Haibo He, Derong Liu
Adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) and reinforcement learning are quite relevant to each other when performing intelligent optimization. They are both regarded as promising methods involving important components of evaluation and improvement, at the background of information technology, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and deep learning. Although great progresses have been achieved and surveyed when addressing nonlinear optimal control problems, the research on robustness of ADP-based control strategies under uncertain environment has not been fully summarized...
July 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644003/chemical-sensor-based-upon-stress-induced-changes-in-the-permeability-of-a-magnetoelastic-wire
#5
Nahla A Hatab, Nichole A Crane, David K Mee, L Neville Howell, Larry R Mooney, Russell L Hallman, Michael J Sepaniak, Vincent E Lamberti
We introduce a chemical sensing technology, named ChIMES (Chemical Identification through Magneto-Elastic Sensing), that can detect a broad range of targets and that has the capability of untethered communication through a metallic or nonmetallic barrier. These features enable many applications in which penetrations into the sampled environment are unwanted or infeasible because of health, safety, or environmental concerns, such as following the decomposition of a dangerous material in a sealed container. The sensing element is passive and consists of a target response material hard-coupled to a magnetoelastic wire...
June 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632787/risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-or-dementia-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#6
Erin J Aiello Bowles, Rod L Walker, Melissa L Anderson, Sascha Dublin, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) risks after a cancer diagnosis in a population-based prospective cohort, the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. METHODS: We followed community-dwelling people aged ā‰„65 years without dementia at study entry for incident dementia and AD from 1994-2015. We linked study data with cancer registry data and categorized cancer diagnoses as prevalent (diagnosed before ACT study enrollment) or incident (diagnosed during follow-up)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629232/latent-profile-analysis-of-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-a-sample-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#7
Jenny Gu, Anke Karl, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss, Thorsten Barnhofer, Catherine Crane
BACKGROUND: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning. METHOD: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623185/a-web-based-data-collection-platform-for-multisite-randomized-behavioral-intervention-trials-development-key-software-features-and-results-of-a-user-survey
#8
Riddhi A Modi, Michael J Mugavero, Rivet K Amico, Jeanne Keruly, Evelyn Byrd Quinlivan, Heidi M Crane, Alfredo Guzman, Anne Zinski, Solange Montue, Katya Roytburd, Anna Church, James H Willig
BACKGROUND: Meticulous tracking of study data must begin early in the study recruitment phase and must account for regulatory compliance, minimize missing data, and provide high information integrity and/or reduction of errors. In behavioral intervention trials, participants typically complete several study procedures at different time points. Among HIV-infected patients, behavioral interventions can favorably affect health outcomes. In order to empower newly diagnosed HIV positive individuals to learn skills to enhance retention in HIV care, we developed the behavioral health intervention Integrating ENGagement and Adherence Goals upon Entry (iENGAGE) funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), where we deployed an in-clinic behavioral health intervention in 4 urban HIV outpatient clinics in the United States...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608971/the-experiences-of-pregnant-women-in-an-interventional-clinical-trial-research-in-pregnancy-ethics-ripe-study
#9
Angela Ballantyne, Susan Pullon, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristen Wickens, Julian Crane
There is increasing global pressure to ensure that pregnant women are responsibly and safely included in clinical research in order to improve the evidence base that underpins healthcare delivery during pregnancy. One supposed barrier to inclusion is the assumption that pregnant women will be reluctant to participate in research. There is however very little empirical research investigating the views of pregnant women. Their perspective on the benefits, burdens and risks of research is a crucial component to ensuring effective recruitment...
July 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592553/accurate-and-rapid-differentiation-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-strains-by-raman-spectroscopy-a-comparative-study
#10
Meron Ghebremedhin, Rae Heitkamp, Shubha Yesupriya, Bradford Clay, Nicole J Crane
In recent years matrix-assisted laser ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become the standard for routine bacterial species identification due to its rapidity and low costs for consumables compared to traditional DNA-based methods. However, it has been observed that some bacterial species such as Acinetobacter baumannii strains cannot be reliably identified using mass spectrometry (MS). Raman spectroscopy is a rapid technique, as fast as MALDI-TOF, and has been shown to accurately identify bacterial strains and species...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548835/rapid-deposition-of-uniform-polydopamine-coatings-on-nanoparticle-surfaces-with-controllable-thickness
#11
Nazar Orishchin, Cameron C Crane, Matthew Brownell, Tengjiao Wang, Samuel Jenkins, Min Zou, Arun Nair, Jingyi Chen
Polydopamine is a bioinspired, versatile material that can adhere to bulk and nanoscale surfaces made of disparate materials to improve their physical and chemical properties in many applications. The typical methods to coat polydopamine on the nanoparticle substrates usually take several hours to a day. This work successfully applies a dispersion method to form a controllable, uniform coating on a nanoparticle surface within minutes. Using plasmonic Ag nanoparticles as a substrate, the coating thickness can be monitored using a spectroscopic method based on the extinction peak shifts of the Ag nanoparticles...
June 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543062/an-adaptive-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique
#12
Benjamin T Crane, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is a large variation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR) results depending on type of therapy, adherence, and the appropriateness for the patient's level of function. A novel adaptive vestibular rehabilitation (AVR) program was developed and evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Technology and procedure development, and prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: Those with complete unilateral vestibular hypofunction and symptomatic at least 3 months with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) >30 were eligible...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537858/portable-equipment-for-taking-dramatic-sun-damage-revealing-photos-at-skin-cancer-prevention-outreach-events
#13
Jessica S Mounessa, Neil F Box, Nancy L Asdigian, Taylor Braunberger, Cory A Dunnick, Lori A Crane, Robert R Dellavalle
In recent years, appearance-based interventions have gained popularity as a means to improve public awareness about skin cancer and sun protective behaviors. Although numerous reports discuss the use of ultraviolet (UV) camera devices for this purpose,studies on the use of portable imaging devices in community outreach events do not presently exist. In this report, we discuss how we successfully utilize portable imaging devices at community outreach events. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of our portable devices in comparison to traditional UV cameras...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527330/home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-participants-mindfulness-practice-and-its-association-with-outcomes
#14
Christine E Parsons, Catherine Crane, Liam J Parsons, Lone Overby Fjorback, Willem Kuyken
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515799/implementing-mindfulness-in-the-mainstream-making-the-path-by-walking-it
#15
Rebecca S Crane
There is expanding interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) within the mainstream. While there are research gaps, there is empirical evidence for these developments. Implementing new evidence into practice is always complex and difficult. Particular complexities and tensions arise when implementing MBPs in the mainstream. MBPs are emerging out of the confluence of different epistemologies-contemplative teaching and practice, and contemporary Western empiricism and culture. In the process of navigating implementation and integrity, and developing a professional practice context for this emerging field, the diverse influences within this confluence need careful attention and thought...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501972/genetic-variation-of-major-histocompatibility-complex-genes-in-the-endangered-red-crowned-crane
#16
Takuya Akiyama, Tetsuo I Kohyama, Chizuko Nishida, Manabu Onuma, Kunikazu Momose, Ryuichi Masuda
Populations that have drastically decreased in the past often have low genetic variation, which may increase the risk of extinction. The genes of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) play an important role in the adaptive immune response of jawed vertebrates. Maintenance of adaptive genetic diversity such as that of MHC genes is important for wildlife conservation. Here, we determined genotypes of exon 3 of MHC class IA genes (MHCIA) and exon 2 of MHC class IIB genes (MHCIIB) to evaluate genetic variation of the endangered red-crowned crane population on Hokkaido Island, Japan, which experienced severe population decline in the past...
May 14, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499571/designing-an-internet-intervention-for-emerging-adults-who-experience-troubled-relationships
#17
Claire Burke Draucker, Donna S Martsolf, Stacey Crane, Lindsey Romero, Allison Leigh McCord
This article describes how the Internet Intervention Model (IIM) was used as an organizing framework to design a theoretically based Internet intervention for emerging adults who experience troubled intimate partner relationships. In the design process, the team addressed six fundamental questions related to the several components of the IIM. Decisions made regarding the design of the intervention based on the six questions are described. We focus in particular on how the intervention is based on the Theory of Emerging Adulthood and the Theory of Narrative Identity...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498892/incident-aids-or-death-after-initiation-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-treatment-regimens-including-raltegravir-or-efavirenz-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
Stephen R Cole, Jessie K Edwards, H Irene Hall, M Alan Brookhart, W Christopher Mathews, Richard D Moore, Heidi M Crane, Mari M Kitahata, Michael J Mugavero, Michael S Saag, Joseph J Eron
Background.: The long-term effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatments containing integrase inhibitors is unknown. Methods.: We use observational data from the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to estimate 4-year risk of AIDS and all-cause mortality among 415 patients starting a raltegravir regimen compared to 2646 starting an efavirenz regimen (both regimens include emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470861/fully-automated-atlas-based-method-for-prescribing-3d-press-mr-spectroscopic-imaging-toward-robust-and-reproducible-metabolite-measurements-in-human-brain
#19
Wei Bian, Yan Li, Jason C Crane, Sarah J Nelson
PURPOSE: To implement a fully automated atlas-based method for prescribing 3D PRESS MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). METHODS: The PRESS selected volume and outer-volume suppression bands were predefined on the MNI152 standard template image. The template image was aligned to the subject T1 -weighted image during a scan, and the resulting transformation was then applied to the predefined prescription. To evaluate the method, H-1 MRSI data were obtained in repeat scan sessions from 20 healthy volunteers...
May 3, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453469/use-of-analgesics-opioids-and-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-dementia-related-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-autopsy-cohort
#20
Sascha Dublin, Rod L Walker, Shelly L Gray, Rebecca A Hubbard, Melissa L Anderson, Onchee Yu, Thomas J Montine, Paul K Crane, Josh A Sonnen, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Opioids may influence the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some studies have observed AD pathology in the brains of opioid abusers. No study has examined the association between prescription opioid use and dementia-related neuropathologic changes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between prescription opioid or NSAID use and dementia-related neuropathologic changes. METHODS: Within a community-based autopsy cohort (Nā€Š=ā€Š420), we ascertained opioid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use over a 10-year period from automated pharmacy data and calculated total standardized daily doses (TSDDs)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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