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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163646/prevalence-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-in-captive-wildlife-species-of-india
#1
A A Prince Milton, R K Agarwal, G B Priya, M Saminathan, M Aravind, A Reddy, C K Athira, Anjay, T P Ramees, K Dhama, A K Sharma, A Kumar
Campylobacteriosis is an important zoonotic disease and the prevalence of Campylobacter is largely unknown in the wildlife of India. A total of 370 samples, comprising of 314 fresh faecal samples from apparently healthy captive wild animals and birds, 30 stool swabs from animal care takers and 26 samples of the animals' food and water were collected from G. B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital, Kanpur Zoo, Wildlife Park, IVRI and the Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences (PGRIAS), Chennai, Tamilnadu from August 2014 to May 2015...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156252/factors-associated-with-physician-self-efficacy-in-mental-illness-management-and-team-based-care
#2
Danielle F Loeb, Erin Leister, Evette Ludman, Ingrid A Binswanger, Lori Crane, Miriam Dickinson, Danielle M Kline, Frank V deGruy, Donald Nease, Elizabeth A Bayliss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134629/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-dementia-risk-prospective-population-based-study
#3
Shelly L Gray, Rod L Walker, Sascha Dublin, Onchee Yu, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether higher cumulative proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure is associated with greater dementia risk. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Washington, an integrated healthcare delivery system in Seattle, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older without dementia at study entry (N = 3,484). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were screened for dementia every 2 years, and those who screened positive underwent extensive evaluation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118697/reliable-and-reproducible-gaba-measurements-using-automated-spectral-prescription-at-ultra-high-field
#4
Yan Li, Wei Bian, Peder Larson, Jason C Crane, Prasanna Parvathaneni, Srikantan Nagarajan, Sarah J Nelson
Purpose: To evaluate spectral acquisition processes important for obtaining reliable and reproducible γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signals from volunteers in brain regions that are frequently used for neuroimaging studies [anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), superior temporal gyrus, and caudate] at ultra-high field. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers were studied using a single-voxel Point-RESolved Spectrosocpy (PRESS) sequence with band selective inversion with gradient dephasing pulses (BASING). The editing pulse was designed to be symmetrically placed at 2...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117873/implementation-of-an-emergency-department-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter-pathway-improves-rates-of-appropriate-anticoagulation-reduces-length-of-stay-and-thirty-day-revisit-rates-for-congestive-heart-failure
#5
David Barbic, Chris DeWitt, Devin Harris, Robert Stenstrom, Eric Grafstein, Crane Wu, Cristian Vadeanu, Brett Heilbron, Jenelle Haaf, Stanley Tung, Dan Kalla, Julian Marsden, Jim Christenson, Frank Scheuermeyer
OBJECTIVES: An evidence-based emergency department (ED) atrial fibrillation and flutter (AFF) pathway was developed to improve care. The primary objective was to measure rates of new anticoagulation (AC) on ED discharge for AFF patients who were not AC correctly upon presentation. METHODS: This is a pre-post evaluation from April to December 2013 measuring the impact of our pathway on rates of new AC and other performance measures in patients with uncomplicated AFF solely managed by emergency physicians...
November 9, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096630/trajectories-of-physical-function-prior-to-death-and-brain-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-act-study
#6
Andrea Z LaCroix, Rebecca A Hubbard, Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Joshua A Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 305 participants in the autopsy subcohort of the prospective Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. Participants were aged 65+ and free of dementia at enrollment. Physical performance was measured at baseline and every two years using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096111/sessile-nanofluid-droplet-can-act-like-a-crane
#7
Angkur Jyoti Dipanka Shaikeea, Saptarshi Basu, Lalit Bansal
Interactive droplet systems form the backbone for emerging avenues in droplet based technologies like cell sorting, inkjet printing and digital microfluidics, to name a few. These and their associated fields have gained significant importance in the recent times. Here, we report one such phenomenon wherein a naturally evaporating nanocolloidal sessile droplet interacts with a porous silica gel bead to mimic a macro scale mechanical crane assembly. Precisely, we show a sequence of events displayed by the particle laden aqueous droplet (nanoparticles of silica at different loading rates placed on a hydrophobic substrate) when brought in contact with a meso-porous silica gel bead...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061153/randomized-trial-comparing-group-size-of-periodic-in-person-sessions-in-a-remotely-delivered-weight-loss-intervention
#8
Deborah F Tate, Carmina G Valle, Melissa M Crane, Brooke T Nezami, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Karen E Hatley, Molly Diamond, Kristen Polzien
BACKGROUND: Few randomized studies have examined differential effects of group size in behavioral weight control, especially in hybrid programs that include Internet treatment approaches. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (n = 195) comparing a 4 month hybrid internet weight loss program coupled with monthly face to face groups of 100 persons (Large Group, LG; 1 group) or to the same approach with monthly groups of 20 persons (Small Group, SG; 4 groups). Repeated-measures mixed-model analysis with age and race as covariates were used to estimate primary (weight) and secondary outcomes, and to test group differences in change over time...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055816/alzheimer-s-disease-sequencing-project-discovery-and-replication-criteria-for-cases-and-controls-data-from-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study-with-autopsy-follow-up
#9
Paul K Crane, Tatiana Foroud, Thomas J Montine, Eric B Larson
INTRODUCTION: The Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project (ADSP) used different criteria for assigning case and control status from the discovery and replication phases of the project. We considered data from a community-based prospective cohort study with autopsy follow-up where participants could be categorized as case, control, or neither by both definitions and compared the two sets of criteria. METHODS: We used data from the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study including Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV criteria for dementia status, McKhann et al...
October 19, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046509/full-shift-assessment-of-back-and-head-postures-in-overhead-crane-operators-with-and-without-symptoms
#10
Maryam Nourollahi Darabad, Adel Mazloumi, Gabraeil Nasl Saraji, Davood Afshari, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sitting with a flexed back and neck is recognized as being associated with an increased risk of neck and back pain disorders among overhead crane operators. The aim of this study was to compare back and head postures over a full shift of work between operators who experience back and neck pain, and healthy operators. METHODS: In a first phase, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was assessed using the Nordic questionnaire among 120 crane operators...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017484/solar-uv-exposure-among-outdoor-workers-in-denmark-measured-with-personal-uv-b-dosimeters-technical-and-practical-feasibility
#11
Kasper Grandahl, Ole Steen Mortensen, David Zim Sherman, Brian Køster, Paul-Anker Lund, Kristina Sophie Ibler, Paul Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is a well-known cause of skin cancer. This is problematic for outdoor workers. In Denmark alone, occupational skin cancer poses a significant health and safety risk for around 400,000 outdoor workers. Objective measures of solar ultraviolet radiation exposure are needed to help resolve this problem. This can be done using personal ultraviolet radiation dosimeters. METHODS: We consider technical and practical feasibility of measuring individual solar ultraviolet exposure at work and leisure in professions with different á priori temporal high-level outdoor worktime, using aluminium gallium nitride (AlGaN) photodiode detector based personal UV-B dosimeters...
October 10, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016488/pregnancy-outcomes-among-deaf-women-in-washington-state-1987-2012
#12
Melissa A Schiff, David R Doody, Deborah A Crane, Beth A Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among deaf women using population-based vital records data in Washington State from 1987 to 2012. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Washington State birth and fetal death records linked to state hospital discharge records to identify women with diagnosis codes for deafness indicated at their delivery hospitalization and compared them with randomly selected women without these codes...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992096/evaluating-the-population-impact-of-intervening-on-specific-targets-to-reduce-hiv-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-adulthood-a-conceptual-and-methodological-framework
#13
Chanelle J Howe, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Stephen R Cole, Joseph W Hogan, Bryan Lau, Richard D Moore, W Christopher Mathews, Heidi M Crane, Daniel R Drozd, Elvin Geng, Stephen L Boswell, Sonia Napravnik, Joseph J Eron, Michael J Mugavero
Reducing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) racial/ethnic disparities is a high priority. Reductions in HIV racial/ethnic disparities can potentially be achieved by intervening on important intermediates. The population impact of intervening on intermediates can be evaluated using observational data when certain conditions are met. However, using standard stratification-based approaches commonly employed in the observational HIV literature to estimate population impact in this setting may yield results that do not accurately estimate quantities of interest...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974735/control-of-western-corn-rootworm-diabrotica-virgifera-virgifera-reproduction-through-plant-mediated-rna-interference
#14
Xiping Niu, Adane Kassa, Xu Hu, Jonathan Robeson, Mollie McMahon, Nina M Richtman, Joseph P Steimel, Bliss M Kernodle, Virginia C Crane, Gary Sandahl, Julie L Ritland, James K Presnail, Albert L Lu, Gusui Wu
RNA interference (RNAi) in transgenic maize has recently emerged as an alternative mode of action for western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) control which can be combined with protein-based rootworm control options for improved root protection and resistance management. Currently, transgenic RNAi-based control has focused on suppression of genes that when silenced lead to larval mortality. We investigated control of western corn rootworm reproduction through RNAi by targeting two reproductive genes, dvvgr and dvbol, with the goal of reducing insect fecundity as a new tool for pest management...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968663/morphologically-constrained-and-data-informed-cell-segmentation-of-budding-yeast
#15
Elco Bakker, Peter S Swain, Matthew M Crane
Motivation: Although high-content image cytometry is becoming increasingly routine, processing the large amount of data acquired during time-lapse experiments remains a challenge. The majority of approaches for automated single-cell segmentation focus on flat, uniform fields of view covered with a single layer of cells. In the increasingly popular microfluidic devices that trap individual cells for long term imaging, these conditions are not met. Consequently, most techniques for segmentation perform poorly...
September 4, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965766/differentiation-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-into-functional-lung-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#16
Anjali Jacob, Michael Morley, Finn Hawkins, Katherine B McCauley, J C Jean, Hillary Heins, Cheng-Lun Na, Timothy E Weaver, Marall Vedaie, Killian Hurley, Anne Hinds, Scott J Russo, Seunghyi Kook, William Zacharias, Matthias Ochs, Katrina Traber, Lee J Quinton, Ana Crane, Brian R Davis, Frances V White, Jennifer Wambach, Jeffrey A Whitsett, F Sessions Cole, Edward E Morrisey, Susan H Guttentag, Michael F Beers, Darrell N Kotton
Lung alveoli, which are unique to air-breathing organisms, have been challenging to generate from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) in part because there are limited model systems available to provide the necessary developmental roadmaps for in vitro differentiation. Here we report the generation of alveolar epithelial type 2 cells (AEC2s), the facultative progenitors of lung alveoli, from human PSCs. Using multicolored fluorescent reporter lines, we track and purify human SFTPC+ alveolar progenitors as they emerge from endodermal precursors in response to stimulation of Wnt and FGF signaling...
October 5, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#17
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931717/mechanical-properties-of-sediment-determine-burrowing-success-and-influence-distribution-of-two-lugworm-species
#18
R L Crane, R A Merz
We apply new perspectives on how organisms burrow by examining the association of in situ variation in sediment mechanical properties with burrowing ability and species distribution of two sympatric lugworms, Abarenicola pacifica and Abarenicola claparedi We quantified the sediment's resistance to penetration and its grain size distribution at sites inhabited by each species. Abarenicola pacifica individuals were found in significantly harder to penetrate, more heterogeneous sediments. We compared worm burrowing ability using reciprocal transplant experiments...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920518/the-indirect-costs-of-underfunding-foreign-partners-in-global-health-research-a-case-study
#19
Johanna T Crane, Irene Andia Biraro, Tamer M Fouad, Yap Boum, David R Bangsberg
This study of a global health research partnership assesses how U.S. fiscal administrative policies impact capacity building at foreign partner institutions. We conducted a case study of a research collaboration between Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Mbarara, Uganda, and originally the University of California San Francisco (UCSF), but now Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Our case study is based on three of the authors' experiences directing and working with this partnership from its inception in 2003 through 2015...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874933/head-ct-for-minor-head-injury-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-the-era-of-choosing-wisely
#20
John DeAngelis, Valerie Lou, Timmy Li, Henry Tran, Praneeta Bremjit, Molly McCann, Peter Crane, Courtney M C Jones
INTRODUCTION: The Choosing Wisely campaign currently recommends avoiding computed tomography (CT) of the head in low-risk emergency department (ED) patients with minor head injury, based on validated decision rules. However, the degree of adherence to this guideline in clinical practice is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate adherence to the Choosing Wisely campaign's recommendations regarding head CT imaging of patients with minor head injury in the ED. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult ED patients at a Level I trauma center...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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