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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#1
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#3
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706089/evaluation-of-the-geriatric-co-management-for-patients-with-fragility-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-geriatric-fracture-centre-gfc-concept-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#4
Alexander Joeris, Anahí Hurtado-Chong, Denise Hess, Vasiliki Kalampoki, Michael Blauth
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of fractures in the elderly population is a clinical challenge due partly to the presence of comorbidities. In a Geriatric Fracture Centre (GFC), patients are co-managed by a geriatrician in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality. Until now the beneficial effect of orthogeriatric co-management has not been definitively proven. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effect of GFC on predefined major adverse events related to a hip fracture compared to usual care centres (UCC)...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#5
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#6
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#7
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692142/big-g-and-little-g-geriatrics-education-for-physicians
#8
Kathryn E Callahan, Nina Tumosa, Rosanne M Leipzig
In the July 2016 issue of this journal, Dr. Mary Tinetti proposed that geriatric medicine abandon attempts to increase the numbers of board-certified geriatricians and change focus to the development of a "small elite workforce." What would be gained and what sacrificed by accepting this challenge? We agree that the best clinical use of a scarce resource, specialty trained geriatricians, is to care for frail, complex, severely ill elderly adults and to help design and study novel interventions in research, education, and care models to improve the care of all older adults, but for this to happen, all other providers must attain specific competency in the care of older adults...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686063/accelerated-cognitive-aging-following-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#9
Rodger Ll Wood
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to examine relevant clinical and experimental literatures for information on the long-term cognitive impact of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) with regard to the process of cognitive aging. METHOD: Online journal databases were queried for studies pertaining to cognitive aging in neurologically healthy populations, as well as the late cognitive effects of serious TBI. Additional studies were identified through searching bibliographies of related publications and using Google search engine...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660885/factors-associated-with-antihypertensive-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
D M van der Laan, P J M Elders, C C L M Boons, J J Beckeringh, G Nijpels, J G Hugtenburg
Non-adherence to antihypertensive medication is the most important cause of uncontrolled blood pressure and is influenced by multiple interrelating factors. Understanding the complexity of medication non-adherence and its associated factors is important to determine intervention strategies. Therefore, a systematic review was performed aimed to identify factors associated with antihypertensive medication non-adherence. Different databases were searched for observational studies reporting on factors associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659033/electro-acupuncture-is-beneficial-for-knee-osteoarthritis-the-evidence-from-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Na Chen, Jing Wang, Attilio Mucelli, Xu Zhang, Changqing Wang
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disease of the elderly. Electro-acupuncture (EA) is considered as a beneficial treatment for KOA, but the conclusion is controversial. This systematic review compiled the evidence from 11 randomized controlled trials to objectively assess the effectiveness and safety of EA for KOA. Eight databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinic trials, Foreign Medical Literature Retrial Service (FMRS), Science Direct, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wanfang Data were extensively searched up to 5 July 2016...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#12
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645976/a-combined-randomised-and-observational-study-of-surgery-for-fractures-in-the-distal-radius-in-the-elderly-crossfire-a-study-protocol
#13
Ian A Harris, Justine M Naylor, Andrew Lawson, Rachelle Buchbinder, Rebecca Ivers, Zsolt Balogh, Paul Smith, Rajat Mittal, Wei Xuan, Kirsten Howard, Arezoo Vafa, Piers Yates, Bertram Rieger, Geoff Smith, Ilia Elkinson, Woosung Kim, Mellick Chehade, Jai Sungaran, Kim Latendresse, James Wong, Sameer Viswanathan, Martin Richardson, Kush Shrestha, Herwig Drobetz, Phong Tran, Jeremy Loveridge, Richard Page, Raphael Hau, Roger Bingham, Jonathan Mulford, Ian Incoll
Fractures of the distal radius are common and occur in all age groups. The incidence is high in older populations due to osteoporosis and increased falls risk. Considerable practice variation exists in the management of distal radius fractures in older patients ranging from closed reduction with cast immobilisation to open reduction with plate fixation. Plating is currently the most common surgical treatment. While there is evidence showing no significant advantage for some forms of surgical fixation over conservative treatment, and no difference between different surgical techniques, there is a lack of evidence comparing two of the most common treatments used: closed reduction and casting versus plating...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602404/frailty-is-our-destiny-an-introduction-to-the-red-journal-s-special-edition-on-radiation-therapy-in-the-elderly
#14
EDITORIAL
Anthony L Zietman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601834/screening-for-cancer-in-patients-with-unprovoked-venous-thromboembolism-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#15
Nick van Es, Grégoire Le Gal, Hans-Martin Otten, Philippe Robin, Andrea Piccioli, Ramon Lécumberri, Luis Jara-Palomares, Piotr Religa, Viriginie Rieu, Matthew T Rondina, Mariëlle M Beckers, Paolo Prandoni, Pierre-Yves Salaun, Marcello Di Nisio, Patrick M Bossuyt, Harry R Büller, Marc Carrier
INTRODUCTION: Occult cancer is present in 4%-9% of patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE). Screening for cancer may be considered in these patients, with the aim to diagnose cancers in an early, potentially curable stage. Information is needed about the risk of occult cancer, overall and in specific subgroups, additional risk factors and on the performance of different screening strategies. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: MEDLINE, Embase and CENTRAL databases were searched from November 2007 to January 2016 for prospective studies that had evaluated protocol-mandated screening for cancer in patients with unprovoked VTE and with at least 12 months' follow-up...
June 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528999/clinical-management-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adults-systemic-review-on-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Lucia De Franceschi, Achille Iolascon, Ali Taher, Maria Domenica Cappellini
Global burden disease studies point out that one of the top cause-specific anemias is iron deficiency (ID). Recent advances in knowledge of iron homeostasis have shown that fragile patients are a new target population in which the correction of ID might impact their morbidity, mortality and quality of life. We did a systematic review using specific search strategy, carried out the review of PubMed database, Cochrane Database of systemic reviews and international guidelines on diagnosis and clinical management of ID from 2010 to 2016...
July 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513611/glaucoma-spectrum-and-age-related-prevalence-of-individuals-with-foxc1-and-pitx2-variants
#18
Emmanuelle Souzeau, Owen M Siggs, Tiger Zhou, Anna Galanopoulos, Trevor Hodson, Deepa Taranath, Richard A Mills, John Landers, John Pater, James E Smith, James E Elder, Julian L Rait, Paul Giles, Vivek Phakey, Sandra E Staffieri, Lisa S Kearns, Andrew Dubowsky, David A Mackey, Alex W Hewitt, Jonathan B Ruddle, Kathryn P Burdon, Jamie E Craig
Variation in FOXC1 and PITX2 is associated with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, characterised by structural defects of the anterior chamber of the eye and a range of systemic features. Approximately half of all affected individuals will develop glaucoma, but the age at diagnosis and the phenotypic spectrum have not been well defined. As phenotypic heterogeneity is common, we aimed to delineate the age-related penetrance and the full phenotypic spectrum of glaucoma in FOXC1 or PITX2 carriers recruited through a national disease registry...
June 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511702/what-is-the-evidence-for-the-management-of-patients-along-the-pathway-from-the-emergency-department-to-acute-admission-to-reduce-unplanned-attendance-and-admission-an-evidence-synthesis
#19
Sarah H Credé, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason, Anthea Sutton, Emma Howe, Susan J Croft, Mike Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rate of emergency hospital admissions is increasing. However, little evidence exists to inform the development of interventions to reduce unplanned Emergency Department (ED) attendances and hospital admissions. The objective of this evidence synthesis was to review the evidence for interventions, conducted during the patient's journey through the ED or acute care setting, to manage people with an exacerbation of a medical condition to reduce unplanned emergency hospital attendance and admissions...
May 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495569/plasma-lipidomics-of-healthy-japanese-adults-reveals-gender-and-age-related-differences
#20
Keiko Maekawa, Kazuo Okemoto, Masaki Ishikawa, Rieko Tanaka, Yuji Kumagai, Yoshiro Saito
Lipid metabolites in the blood are expected to be biomarker candidates to reflect disease states and responses to therapeutic drugs. However, their profiles are influenced by subject background, which may lead to confounding results. This study aimed to evaluate whether age and gender affect lipid metabolite levels in the plasma of healthy Japanese adults. Comprehensive lipidomic analysis was performed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for overnight fasted volunteers consisting of 4 groups of 15 subjects each: young males (25-35 years), elderly males (55-64 years), young females (25-35 years), and elderly females (55-65 years)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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