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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149153/analysis-of-reporting-bias-in-vertebral-augmentation
#1
Douglas P Beall, Sean M Tutton, Kieran Murphy, Wayne Olan, Christopher Warner, Jack B Test
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and worldwide, with estimates of 750,000 to 1.5 million occurring annually. As the elderly population continues to increase, the incidence of OVCFs will continue to rise, as will the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Vertebral augmentation (VA) was almost universally accepted as the appropriate treatment modality prior to 2 sham trials published in 2009 by the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140555/withdrawn-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter
#2
REVIEW
Gillian E Mead, Andrew Elder, Andrew D Flapan, John Cordina
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk and adversely affects cardiovascular haemodynamics. Electrical cardioversion may, by restoring sinus rhythm, improve cardiovascular haemodynamics, reduce the risk of stroke, and obviate the need for long-term anticoagulation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation or flutter on the risk of thromboembolic events, strokes and mortality (primary outcomes), the rate of cognitive decline, quality of life, the use of anticoagulants and the risk of re-hospitalisation (secondary outcomes) in adults (>18 years)...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119757/-excess-deaths-for-haematological-tumours-in-falconara-marittima-marche-region-central-italy-short-story-from-the-epidemiological-survey-up-to-now
#3
Francesca Di Salvo, Paolo Baili, Mauro Mariottini, Marco Baldini, Andrea Micheli, Elisabetta Meneghini
API is a company refining petroleum products located in Falconara Marittima (Ancona Province, Marche Region, Central Italy). Thanks to the pressure made by citizens' committees, which considered the plant as a risk source for the population residing in the surroundings municipalities, Marche Region as institution asked for an epidemiological survey. This survey found a significative excess in deaths for haematological tumours in women and in a sub-group of retired and elderly. The results were published in one report and two scientific journals, and were also presented during a public meeting...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107317/retraction-notice-to-fast-track-for-elderly-patients-is-it-feasible-for-colorectal-surgery-international-journal-of-surgery-12-2014-s20-s22
#4
Rita Compagna, Giovanni Aprea, Davide De Rosa, Maurizio Gentile, Giovanni Cestaro, Gabriele Vigliotti, Tommaso Bianco, Guido Massa, Maurizio Amato, Salvatore Massa, Bruno Amato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101991/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-renovascular-hypertension
#5
Howard J Harvin, Nupur Verma, Paul Nikolaidis, Michael Hanley, Vikram S Dogra, Stanley Goldfarb, John L Gore, Stephen J Savage, Michael L Steigner, Richard Strax, Myles T Taffel, Jade J Wong-You-Cheong, Don C Yoo, Erick M Remer, Karin E Dill, Mark E Lockhart
Renovascular hypertension is the most common type of secondary hypertension and is estimated to have a prevalence between 0.5% and 5% of the general hypertensive population, and an even higher prevalence among patients with severe hypertension and end-stage renal disease, approaching 25% in elderly dialysis patients. Investigation for renal artery stenosis is appropriate when clinical presentation suggests secondary hypertension rather than primary hypertension, when there is not another known cause of secondary hypertension, and when intervention would be carried out if a significant renal artery stenosis were identified...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095948/correction-association-between-elder-abuse-and-poor-sleep-a-cross-sectional-study-among-rural-older-malaysians
#6
Raudah Mohd Yunus, Syeda Wasfeea Wazid, Noran N Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Farizah M Hairi, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Sharifah N Ahmad, Inayah A Razak, Devi Peramalah, Suriyati A Aziz, Zaiton L Mohamad, Rosmala Mohamad, Zainudin M Ali, Awang Bulgiba
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180222.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077603/correlation-of-functional-outcomes-and-sagittal-alignment-after-long-instrumented-fusion-for-degenerative-thoracolumbar-spinal-disease
#7
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Ru-Ping Lee, Ing-Ho Chen, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Kuan-Lin Liu, Cheng-Huan Peng, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Tien Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective function and radiography study of the patients who have received long instrumented thoracolumbar fusion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the sagittal spinopelvic alignment and the functional outcomes after long instrumented fusion for degenerative thoracolumbar spinal disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Restoring better sagittal alignment is known as a key factor to spine fusion surgeries. The relationship between function and radiographic results in the elderly group is barely known...
October 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070641/dementia-population-risk-tool-demport-study-protocol-for-a-predictive-algorithm-assessing-dementia-risk-in-the-community
#8
Stacey Fisher, Amy Hsu, Nassim Mojaverian, Monica Taljaard, Gregory Huyer, Douglas G Manuel, Peter Tanuseputro
INTRODUCTION: The burden of disease from dementia is a growing global concern as incidence increases dramatically with age, and average life expectancy has been increasing around the world. Planning for an ageing population requires reliable projections of dementia prevalence; however, existing population projections are simple and have poor predictive accuracy. The Dementia Population Risk Tool (DemPoRT) will predict incidence of dementia in the population setting using multivariable modelling techniques and will be used to project dementia prevalence...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034835/taste-masking-approaches-for-medicines
#9
Waleed Faisal, Fatma Farag, Ahmed A H Abdellatif, Abdelhamid Abbas
Undesirable taste is an important problem for patient compliance. Several oral pharmaceuticals and bulking agents have disagreeable and bitter-tasting components. The Bitter taste characteristics found in such systems have been eliminated or minimized by the development of numerous formulations with improved performance and acceptability especially in children and elderly patient. This review is mainly concerned with the bitter-masking techniques published in peer-reviewed journals and will shed the light on different methods of masking undesirable taste of the drugs, and their pharmaceutical applications...
October 13, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974741/age-specific-association-between-body-mass-index-and-depression-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2014
#10
J Oh, J-H Chae, T-S Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Decades of research have investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and depression. Although it has been suggested that obesity lowers the risk of depression in elderly adults, the association of overweight and obesity with depression across age groups remains controversial. Thus, we aimed to investigate how the odds of depression vary between BMI groups in the general population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this study, data were collected from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2014 (KNHANES VI; n=7550), and 4932 adults were included in the study sample...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952611/associations-between-fruits-vegetables-vitamin-a-%C3%AE-carotene-and-flavonol-dietary-intake-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-elderly-women-in-korea-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
E-K Kim, H Kim, O Kwon, N Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the principal causes of blindness. This study investigated the association between diet and the prevalence of AMD in elderly Korean women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Study subjects were women aged ⩾65 years (n=1008) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). The presence of early- and late-onset AMD was determined on the basis of a fundus photograph from a health examination survey...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932579/patient-reported-outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-vats-resection-or-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-sabr-for-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-protocol-for-an-observational-pilot-study-lilac
#12
Cecilia Pompili, Kevin N Franks, Alessandro Brunelli, Yusuf S Hussain, Patricia Holch, Matthew E Callister, Jonathan M Robson, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Galina Velikova
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is increasingly a disease of the elderly and frail population with a median age of 70 years at diagnosis. Therefore, consideration of the impact of interventions on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and not only absolute survival is especially important. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been gaining popularity over the last few decades, replacing traditional open lobectomies. For high-risk patients who are not deemed suitable for surgery, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) provides a potentially curative alternative...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#13
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880257/inverse-association-between-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smoking-and-hypertension-in-an-elderly-population-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-programme
#14
M B Mehboudi, I Nabipour, K Vahdat, H Darabi, A Raeisi, N Mehrdad, R Heshmat, G Shafiee, B Larijani, A Ostovar
The collected data in Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program which had detailed the data on participants' smoking status and habits, was analysed to investigate the association between smoking of both water pipes and cigarettes and hypertension in an elderly population. Three thousand elderly men and women who participated in the baseline assessment of the BEH Program-a prospective population-based study being conducted in Bushehr, Iran-were selected randomly through a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
December 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871023/effect-of-baduanjin-exercises-on-elevated-blood-lipid-levels-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
Junmao Wen, Tong Lin, Chenguang Jiang, Rui Peng, Wei Wu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effect on elevated blood lipid levels of Baduanjin exercises in middle-aged and elderly individuals. METHODS: A systematic literature search for articles up to March 2017 will be conducted using seven databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals Database, Chinese BioMedical Database and Wanfang Data. Inclusion criteria are randomised controlled trials of Baduanjin exercises that examine blood lipid levels in middle-aged and elderly individuals...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852203/presence-of-obesity-is-associated-with-lower-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#16
A Jahangir, M Mirza, M Shahreyar, T Mengesha, R Shearer, S Sultan, A Jahangir, I Choudhuri, V Nangia, A Dhala, A Bhatia, I Niazi, J Sra, A J Tajik
BACKGROUND: Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, yet an inverse relationship between obesity and survival after cardiovascular events has been described. It is unclear whether a similar relationship exists for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) at high risk for mortality. We aimed to assess the impact of BMI on mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization in patients with ICD. METHODS: Patients who underwent ICD implantation in 2010-2011 were divided into normal (<25 kg m(-)(2)), overweight (25-29...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#17
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#20
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
December 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
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