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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932579/patient-reported-outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-vats-resection-or-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-sabr-for-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-protocol-for-an-observational-pilot-study-lilac
#1
Cecilia Pompili, Kevin N Franks, Alessandro Brunelli, Yusuf S Hussain, Patricia Holch, Matthew E Callister, Jonathan M Robson, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Galina Velikova
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is increasingly a disease of the elderly and frail population with a median age of 70 years at diagnosis. Therefore, consideration of the impact of interventions on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and not only absolute survival is especially important. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been gaining popularity over the last few decades, replacing traditional open lobectomies. For high-risk patients who are not deemed suitable for surgery, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) provides a potentially curative alternative...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#2
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880257/inverse-association-between-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smoking-and-hypertension-in-an-elderly-population-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-programme
#3
M B Mehboudi, I Nabipour, K Vahdat, H Darabi, A Raeisi, N Mehrdad, R Heshmat, G Shafiee, B Larijani, A Ostovar
The collected data in Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program which had detailed the data on participants' smoking status and habits, was analysed to investigate the association between smoking of both water pipes and cigarettes and hypertension in an elderly population. Three thousand elderly men and women who participated in the baseline assessment of the BEH Program-a prospective population-based study being conducted in Bushehr, Iran-were selected randomly through a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871023/effect-of-baduanjin-exercises-on-elevated-blood-lipid-levels-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
Junmao Wen, Tong Lin, Chenguang Jiang, Rui Peng, Wei Wu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effect on elevated blood lipid levels of Baduanjin exercises in middle-aged and elderly individuals. METHODS: A systematic literature search for articles up to March 2017 will be conducted using seven databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals Database, Chinese BioMedical Database and Wanfang Data. Inclusion criteria are randomised controlled trials of Baduanjin exercises that examine blood lipid levels in middle-aged and elderly individuals...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852203/presence-of-obesity-is-associated-with-lower-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#5
A Jahangir, M Mirza, M Shahreyar, T Mengesha, R Shearer, S Sultan, A Jahangir, I Choudhuri, V Nangia, A Dhala, A Bhatia, I Niazi, J Sra, A J Tajik
BACKGROUND: Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, yet an inverse relationship between obesity and survival after cardiovascular events has been described. It is unclear whether a similar relationship exists for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) at high risk for mortality. We aimed to assess the impact of BMI on mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization in patients with ICD. METHODS: Patients who underwent ICD implantation in 2010-2011 were divided into normal (<25 kg/m(2)), overweight (25-29...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#6
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#9
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706089/evaluation-of-the-geriatric-co-management-for-patients-with-fragility-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-geriatric-fracture-centre-gfc-concept-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#10
Alexander Joeris, Anahí Hurtado-Chong, Denise Hess, Vasiliki Kalampoki, Michael Blauth
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of fractures in the elderly population is a clinical challenge due partly to the presence of comorbidities. In a Geriatric Fracture Centre (GFC), patients are co-managed by a geriatrician in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality. Until now the beneficial effect of orthogeriatric co-management has not been definitively proven. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effect of GFC on predefined major adverse events related to a hip fracture compared to usual care centres (UCC)...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#11
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#12
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692451/the-value-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-geriatric-care-and-rehabilitation
#13
Büşra Can, Murat Kara, Özgür Kara, Zekeriya Ülger, Walter R Frontera, Levent Özçakar
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a 'gap' in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions (degenerative/rheumatic joint diseases, falls/trauma, nursing care, peripheral nerve problems, sarcopenia, and interventions)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692142/big-g-and-little-g-geriatrics-education-for-physicians
#14
Kathryn E Callahan, Nina Tumosa, Rosanne M Leipzig
In the July 2016 issue of this journal, Dr. Mary Tinetti proposed that geriatric medicine abandon attempts to increase the numbers of board-certified geriatricians and change focus to the development of a "small elite workforce." What would be gained and what sacrificed by accepting this challenge? We agree that the best clinical use of a scarce resource, specialty trained geriatricians, is to care for frail, complex, severely ill elderly adults and to help design and study novel interventions in research, education, and care models to improve the care of all older adults, but for this to happen, all other providers must attain specific competency in the care of older adults...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686063/accelerated-cognitive-aging-following-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#15
Rodger Ll Wood
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to examine relevant clinical and experimental literatures for information on the long-term cognitive impact of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) with regard to the process of cognitive aging. METHOD: Online journal databases were queried for studies pertaining to cognitive aging in neurologically healthy populations, as well as the late cognitive effects of serious TBI. Additional studies were identified through searching bibliographies of related publications and using Google search engine...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660885/factors-associated-with-antihypertensive-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
D M van der Laan, P J M Elders, C C L M Boons, J J Beckeringh, G Nijpels, J G Hugtenburg
Non-adherence to antihypertensive medication is the most important cause of uncontrolled blood pressure and is influenced by multiple interrelating factors. Understanding the complexity of medication non-adherence and its associated factors is important to determine intervention strategies. Therefore, a systematic review was performed aimed to identify factors associated with antihypertensive medication non-adherence. Different databases were searched for observational studies reporting on factors associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659033/electro-acupuncture-is-beneficial-for-knee-osteoarthritis-the-evidence-from-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Na Chen, Jing Wang, Attilio Mucelli, Xu Zhang, Changqing Wang
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disease of the elderly. Electro-acupuncture (EA) is considered as a beneficial treatment for KOA, but the conclusion is controversial. This systematic review compiled the evidence from 11 randomized controlled trials to objectively assess the effectiveness and safety of EA for KOA. Eight databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinic trials, Foreign Medical Literature Retrial Service (FMRS), Science Direct, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wanfang Data were extensively searched up to 5 July 2016...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#18
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645976/a-combined-randomised-and-observational-study-of-surgery-for-fractures-in-the-distal-radius-in-the-elderly-crossfire-a-study-protocol
#19
Ian A Harris, Justine M Naylor, Andrew Lawson, Rachelle Buchbinder, Rebecca Ivers, Zsolt Balogh, Paul Smith, Rajat Mittal, Wei Xuan, Kirsten Howard, Arezoo Vafa, Piers Yates, Bertram Rieger, Geoff Smith, Ilia Elkinson, Woosung Kim, Mellick Chehade, Jai Sungaran, Kim Latendresse, James Wong, Sameer Viswanathan, Martin Richardson, Kush Shrestha, Herwig Drobetz, Phong Tran, Jeremy Loveridge, Richard Page, Raphael Hau, Roger Bingham, Jonathan Mulford, Ian Incoll
Fractures of the distal radius are common and occur in all age groups. The incidence is high in older populations due to osteoporosis and increased falls risk. Considerable practice variation exists in the management of distal radius fractures in older patients ranging from closed reduction with cast immobilisation to open reduction with plate fixation. Plating is currently the most common surgical treatment. While there is evidence showing no significant advantage for some forms of surgical fixation over conservative treatment, and no difference between different surgical techniques, there is a lack of evidence comparing two of the most common treatments used: closed reduction and casting versus plating...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602404/frailty-is-our-destiny-an-introduction-to-the-red-journal-s-special-edition-on-radiation-therapy-in-the-elderly
#20
EDITORIAL
Anthony L Zietman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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