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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420917/coping-strategies-mental-health-and-hiv-status-predictors-of-suicidal-behaviour-among-pwids
#1
Bushra Akram, Mubeen Ilyas
OBJECTIVE: To understand suicidal behaviour among people who inject drugs. METHODS: This correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted in two Pakistani cities of Gujrat and Jhelum from October 2015 to March 2016, and comprised male injecting-drug users aged18-60 years. Multistage systematic random sampling method was used. Urdu-translated versions of the brief cope inventory, mental health status scale and suicidal behaviour questionnaire (revised) were administered...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396969/psychological-and-behavioral-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-trauma-severity-and-hiv-transmission-risk-behavior-among-msm-with-a-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#2
Abigail W Batchelder, Peter P Ehlinger, Michael S Boroughs, Jillian C Shipherd, Steven A Safren, Gail H Ironson, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can be associated with condomless sex among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the impact of moderating factors on the relationship between PTSD symptom severity and condomless sex is poorly understood. We examined whether PTSD symptom severity was associated with condomless sex among MSM with CSA histories, and whether substance dependence, self-esteem, and distress tolerance moderated that relationship (n = 288)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#3
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384006/the-effect-of-a-mind-body-intervention-on-mental-health-and-coping-self-efficacy-in-hiv-infected-individuals-a-feasibility-study
#4
Lotte Oerneborg Rodkjaer, Tinne Laursen, Kirsten Seeberg, Marc Drouin, Heinrich Johansen, Charlotte Dyrehave, Bo Langhoff Hønge, Lars Ostergaard
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a stressful disease, and depression is the most common form of psychologic distress experienced by those infected. The aim of this study was to further develop and validate a mind-body intervention to improve coping self-efficacy strategies and increase mental health. DESIGN: Feasibility study, a randomized trial. Participants were assigned into two blocks (female/male) and simple randomization in a 1:1 ratio was performed within each block to one of two arms (1) intervention group, (2) control group who received usual care...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343410/change-in-subjective-social-status-following-hiv-diagnosis-and-associated-effects-on-mental-and-physical-health-among-hiv-positive-gay-men-in-australia
#5
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the impact of HIV diagnosis on subjective social status and if changes are linked to health outcomes. DESIGN: Two measures of subjective social status, socio-economic and standing in the community were examined in 342 Australian HIV-positive gay men in 2014. Participants recalled ratings at diagnosis were compared with current ratings. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported mental (psychological distress, self-esteem, positive mental health and satisfaction with life) and physical health (self-rated health, CD4 count, viral load)...
March 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343403/meaning-in-life-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv
#6
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
Meaning in life has been posited to improve psychological well-being. People facing adversities can reduce psychological distress through pursuing a sense of purpose in life. However, the effectiveness of meaning in life in promoting psychological well-being has been found varied, and what factors may affect the function of meaning in life remain unclear. In this paper, the authors suggest that resilience, the positive adaptation during or following significant adversity, can strengthen the protective effects of meaning in life on psychological well-being...
March 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320796/effect-of-alcohol-consumption-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-preterm-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-in-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-a-cohort-study
#7
Ayesha Sania, Kirsty Brittain, Tamsin K Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Agnes Ronan, Landon Myer, Elaine J Abrams
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial stressors such as depression and stress, intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol use have been linked to preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births in general populations. The prevalence of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse is high in many HIV-infected (HIV+) populations. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse on birth outcomes in HIV-infected women. METHODS: Antenatal depression and non-specific psychological distress, periconception IPV and alcohol consumption were measured during the second trimester among HIV+ women initiating antiretroviral treatment with efavirenz + emtricitibine + tenofovir in Cape Town, South Africa...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278753/psychological-distress-among-ugandan-adolescents-living-with-hiv-examining-stressors-and-the-buffering-role-of-general-and-religious-coping-strategies
#8
Massy Mutumba, Jose A Bauermeister, Gary W Harper, Victor Musiime, James Lepkowski, Ken Resnicow, Rachel C Snow
HIV infection increases the risk of psychological distress among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), which, in turn, increases risky behaviours such as medication non-adherence, substance use, and sexual risk-taking. The majority of studies on psychological distress among ALHIV have been conducted in high-income countries; data on the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are scarce, yet over two-thirds of the global population of ALHIV resides in SSA. The purpose of this study was to identify the contextually relevant correlates of psychological distress among Ugandan ALHIV...
April 11, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207902/methamphetamine-treatment-outcomes-among-gay-men-attending-a-lgbti-specific-treatment-service-in-sydney-australia
#9
Toby Lea, Johann Kolstee, Sarah Lambert, Ross Ness, Siobhan Hannan, Martin Holt
Gay and bisexual men (GBM) report higher rates of methamphetamine use compared to heterosexual men, and thus have a heightened risk of developing problems from their use. We examined treatment outcomes among GBM clients receiving outpatient counseling at a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI)-specific, harm reduction treatment service in Sydney, Australia. GBM receiving treatment for methamphetamine use from ACON's Substance Support Service between 2012-15 (n = 101) were interviewed at treatment commencement, and after 4 sessions (n = 60; follow-up 1) and 8 sessions (n = 32; follow-up 2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194585/prevalence-and-associations-of-psychological-distress-hiv-infection-and-hiv-care-service-utilization-in-east-zimbabwe
#10
Malebogo Tlhajoane, Jeffrey W Eaton, Albert Takaruza, Rebecca Rhead, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Nadine Schur, Lorraine Sherr, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson
The correlation between mental health and sexual risk behaviours for HIV infection remains largely unknown in low and middle income settings. The present study determined the prevalence of psychological distress (PD) in a sub-Saharan African population with a generalized HIV epidemic, and investigated associations with HIV acquisition risk and uptake of HIV services using data from a cross-sectional survey of 13,252 adults. PD was measured using the Shona Symptom Questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to measure associations between PD and hypothesized covariates...
February 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191491/engagement-in-care-psychological-distress-and-resilience-are-associated-with-sleep-quality-among-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Martin J Downing, Steven T Houang, Roberta Scheinmann, Irene S Yoon, Mary Ann Chiasson, Sabina Hirshfield
OBJECTIVES: We investigated risk and protective factors associated with sleep quality among a national sample of HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). DESIGN: This study reports on findings from both an eligibility survey and baseline assessment for an online HIV risk reduction intervention. PARTICIPANTS: There were 16,466 completed eligibility surveys. A total of 1,205 eligible men completed a baseline assessment after consenting to participate in the intervention...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103534/examining-the-link-between-cocaine-binging-and-individual-social-and-behavioral-factors-among-street-based-cocaine-users
#12
Élise Roy, Nelson Arruda, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Perreault, Karine Bertrand, Magali Dufour, Julie Bruneau
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of cocaine binging and examine associated factors, to characterize binge episodes and to study the relationship between cocaine binging and HIV and HCV risk behaviors among street-based cocaine users. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in Montréal, Canada. Interviewer-administered questionnaire were carried out at 3-month intervals. Cocaine binging was defined as using large quantities of cocaine, without stopping, over a limited period of time, until resources run out or until being physically incapable of consuming...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100062/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-of-middle-aged-and-older-women-living-with-hiv
#13
Fabiana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among older women living with HIV in comparison to their male counterparts and younger women and to identify the sociodemographic and disease-related factors associated with psychological distress. The sample consisted of 508 HIV-infected patients (65 older women, 323 women aged below 50 years, and 120 older men) recruited from 10 Portuguese hospitals. Data regarding psychological distress were collected using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063073/suicidal-ideation-persists-among-individuals-engaged-in-hiv-care-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
J D López, E Shacham, T Brown
Little research has focused on suicidality in the era of successful antiretroviral therapy among those engaged in HIV care. We performed a study of 648 clinic patients who completed a psychological and behavioral annual assessment in 2012. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), suicidal ideation was measured by the last item of the scale. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire (GAD-7). HIV biomedical markers were abstracted from medical records...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055823/mental-health-in-2020-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#15
Abigail W Batchelder, Steven Safren, Avery D Mitchell, Ivan Ivardic, Conall O'Cleirigh
Despite continued advances in HIV prevention and treatment, gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) remain the population most impacted by HIV/AIDS in the US and many other Western countries. Additionally, MSM are disproportionately affected by various psychological problems, including depression, distress, trauma and substance use. These challenges frequently co-occur, and are associated with higher rates of behaviours related to HIV acquisition and transmission, HIV infection, and, for those living with HIV/AIDS, lower levels of treatment engagement...
January 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043754/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-antiretroviral-adherence-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Dexter R Voisin, Katherine Quinn, Dong Ha Kim, John Schneider
PURPOSE: Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) experience poorer antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence relative to their white counterparts. However, few studies have longitudinally examined factors that may correlate with various classifications of ART adherence among this population, which was the primary aim of this study. METHODS: Project nGage was a randomized controlled trial conducted across five Chicago clinics from 2012 to 2015. Survey and medical records data were collected at baseline and 3- and 12-month periods to assess whether psychological distress, HIV stigma, substance use, family acceptance, social support, and self-efficacy predicted ART medication adherence among 92 YBMSM ages 16-29 years...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915488/psychological-impact-on-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#17
Md Asadullah, Ramachandra Kamath, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Teddy Andrews, N Sreekumaran Nair
Caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS (CLWHA) face unique challenges due to disease-related stigma and discrimination, isolation from society, financial constraints, grief and mortality of loved one. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Udupi ART centre to assess the caregiver burden, psychological distress and their associated factors among the caregivers of CLWHA in Udupi District. The convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data from 171 caregivers and analysed with the help of SPSS version 15...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906015/validation-of-a-self-reported-hiv-symptoms-list-the-iss-hiv-symptoms-scale
#18
Raffaella Bucciardini, Katherina Pugliese, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Miriam Cognigni, Chiara Tontini, Stefano Lucattini, Luca Fucili, Massimiliano Di Gregorio, Marco Mirra, Vincenzo Fragola, Sara Pompili, Rita Murri, Stefano Vella
BACKGROUND: To describe the development and the psychometric properties of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità-HIV symptoms scale (lSS-HIV symptoms scale). METHODS: The ISS-HIV symptom scale was developed by an Italian working team including researchers, physicians and people living with HIV. The development process went through the following steps: (1) review of HIV/AIDS literature; (2) focus group; (3) pre-test analysis; (4) scale validation. RESULTS: The 22 symptoms of HIV-ISS symptoms scale were clustered in five factors: pain/general discomfort (7 items); depression/anxiety (4 items); emotional reaction/psychological distress (5 items); gastrointestinal discomfort (4 items); sexual discomfort (2 items)...
April 9, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882489/psychological-distress-mediates-the-effect-of-alexithymia-on-2-year-change-in-hiv-viral-load
#19
Roger C McIntosh, Gail Ironson, Michael Antoni, Betty Lai, Mahendra Kumar, Mary Ann Fletcher, Neil Schneiderman
PURPOSE: Individuals with trait alexithymia (AL) display poor cognitive assimilation of thoughts, feelings, and emotions. This may result in the persistence of stress, anxiety, and depressive disorders. The cumulative effect of this psychological distress is also linked clinical markers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. This study examines the indirect effect of AL on HIV viral load as a function of baseline levels and change in psychological distress. METHODS: N = 123 HIV positive adults aged 37...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875831/social-support-systems-and-social-network-characteristics-of-older-adults-with-hiv
#20
Mark Brennan-Ing, Liz Seidel, Stephen E Karpiak
Social networks of older adults with HIV have been characterized as fragile, with a greater reliance on friends as compared to family. However, we know little about the subgroup differences in the social network constellations of this population, how such characteristics are related to social support resources, and their relationship with psychosocial well-being. We developed a typology of social networks of older HIV-positive adults and examined if they would be related to receipt of informal assistance, perceptions of support sufficiency, and psychosocial well-being...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
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