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hiv/psychological distress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349254/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-and-its-association-with-socio-demographic-and-hiv-risk-factors-in-south-africa-findings-of-the-2012-hiv-prevalence-incidence-and-behaviour-survey
#1
J C Mthembu, M L H Mabaso, G Khan, L C Simbayi
Background: In South Africa, there are limited nationally representative data on the prevalence and factors associated with psychological distress. This study used a 2012 nationally representative population-based household survey to investigate factors associated with psychological distress in South Africa. Methods: The survey is based on a multistage stratified cross-sectional design. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors associated with psychological distress...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347827/psychological-well-being-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zambia
#2
Sumiyo Okawa, Sylvia Mwanza Kabaghe, Mwiya Mwiya, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba, Chipepo Kankasa, Naoko Ishikawa
Physical and psychosocial changes during adolescence could influence the psychological well-being and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) of adolescents living with HIV. However, few studies have assessed these two important issues in Zambia. This study aimed at addressing this gap by examining adolescents' depressive symptoms and ART adherence. This was a mixed-methods study conducted from April to July 2014. We recruited 200 adolescents, ages 15 to 19, who were already aware of their HIV status. We measured depressive symptoms using the short form of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and self-reported three-day adherence to ART...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294819/screening-for-traumatic-experiences-and-mental-health-distress-among-women-in-hiv-care-in-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Tatenda T Yemeke, Kathleen J Sikkema, Melissa H Watt, Nonceba Ciya, Corne Robertson, John A Joska
Traumatic events can negatively affect clinical outcomes among HIV positive women, particularly when those events result in ongoing psychological distress. Consequently, there have been calls to integrate screening and treatment of traumatic experiences and associated mental health disorders into HIV care. In South Africa, screening for traumatic experiences and mental health is not a routine part of HIV care. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence of traumatic experiences and mental health distress among women in an HIV clinic in Cape Town, South Africa, and to explore the acceptability of routine screening in this setting...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278924/depression-anxiety-stress-and-stigma-in-informal-caregivers-of-people-living-with-hiv-plhiv
#4
Rumana Khan, Keshava Pai, Vaman Kulkarni, John Ramapuram
Informal caregivers are unpaid individuals who help friends or family members who cannot fully care for themselves. However fulfilling the act of helping debilitated individuals, exposure to another person's traumatic experiences often results in psychological distress. Caregiver's stigma towards HIV worsens this. Hence, this study aims to assess the effect of stigma on the mental health of caregivers so that their needs for support can be determined. A cross sectional hospital based study was carried out in Mangalore, India on 150 informal caregivers of PLHIV...
December 27, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198134/if-we-build-it-will-they-come-perceptions-of-hiv-cure-related-research-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-four-u-s-cities-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#5
Laurie Novick Sylla, David Evans, Jeff Taylor, Adam Lloyd Gilbertson, David Palm, Judith D Auerbach, Karine Dube
Global interest and investment in the search for an HIV cure has increased. Research has focused on what experts refer to as a sterilizing or eradicating cure, where HIV is eliminated from the body, and on what is often called a functional cure, where HIV remains, kept durably suppressed in the absence of antiretroviral treatment (ART). Many believe that a functional cure is likely to be found first. HIV cure studies will require active participation by people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Their desires and perceptions will be important to effectively recruit study participants and for uptake of any future strategy that demonstrates safety and efficacy...
December 3, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169302/laughter-therapy-as-an-intervention-to-promote-psychological-well-being-of-volunteer-community-care-workers-working-with-hiv-affected-families
#6
Irene Hatzipapas, Maretha J Visser, Estie Janse van Rensburg
The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care workers play a vital role in the support of the HIV/AIDS-infected and -affected members in communities. The nature of this type of work and their limited training contributes to high levels of secondary trauma and emotional exhaustion...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134421/relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-risks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-mainland-china
#7
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Jingjing Song, Xing Zhang, Xuemeng Zhang, Yong Zheng
Men who have sex with men (MSM) carry the burden of HIV infection in China. Outside of China, a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with HIV-related risks (behavioral, sexual, and mental health outcomes) among MSM. We therefore evaluated the relationship between CSA and these HIV-related risks among MSM in China. Cross-sectional data were collected via a survey from gay websites and social networking applications from MSM in 30 provinces in mainland China during a 3-month period in 2014 and 2015...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122428/complex-problems-care-demands-and-quality-of-life-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-antiretroviral-era-in-indonesia
#8
Linlin Lindayani, Yen-Chin Chen, Jung-Der Wang, Nai-Ying Ko
People living with HIV (PLWH) suffer from physical and psychological distress that palliative care could alleviate. Our cross-sectional study identified HIV-related problems and demands for palliative care at different disease stages, and their interactions with quality of life (QOL) in 215 PLWH from a referral hospital and an AIDS nongovernmental organization in Indonesia. A brief survey of demographic information, the Bahasa version of Problems and Needs of Palliative Care, and the World Health Organization Quality of Live in HIV-infected Persons instrument (WHOQOL-HIV BREF; Cronbach's alpha = ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111893/-psychological-health-of-children-with-chronic-physical-illness-and-their-parents-results-from-meta-analyses
#9
Martin Pinquart
Psychological Health of Children with Chronic Physical Illness and their Parents - Results from Meta-Analyses The present paper summarizes results from meta-analyses on psychological well-being of children with chronic physical illnesses and their parents. At the beginning, we discuss potential reasons for psychological effects of a chronic physical illness on children and adolescents as well as their parents. We then summarize results of meta-analyses of studies that compared aspects of mental health of children with a chronic physical illness and their parents with families of healthy children...
November 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091375/demographic-and-health-characteristics-of-transgender-adults-in-california-findings-from-the-2015-2016-california-health-interview-survey
#10
Jody L Herman, Bianca DM Wilson, Tara Becker
This report provides the first look at demographics, health, and health care access among transgender adults in California who participated in the 2015-2016 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). In California, about 92,000 (0.35 percent) adults ages 18 to 70 are transgender. Transgender adults are similar to cisgender1 adults in many ways but experience disparities in mental health, disability status, and health care access. Compared to cisgender adults, transgender adults are more than three times more likely to have ever thought about suicide, nearly six times more likely to have ever attempted suicide, nearly four times more likely to have experienced serious psychological distress, and more than three times more likely to have emotions that interfere with their relationships, social life, ability to do chores, and work performance...
October 2017: Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953329/hiv-violence-blame-and-shame-pathways-of-risk-to-internalized-hiv-stigma-among-south-african-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#11
Marija Pantelic, Mark Boyes, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck
INTRODUCTION: Internalized HIV stigma is a key risk factor for negative outcomes amongst adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), including non-adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, loss-to-follow-up and morbidity. This study tested a theoretical model of multi-level risk pathways to internalized HIV stigma among South African ALHIV. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, a survey using total population sampling of ALHIV who had ever initiated anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in 53 public health facilities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938881/prevalence-and-correlates-for-adhd-and-relation-with-social-and-academic-functioning-among-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-aids-in-uganda
#12
Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D Gadow, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS (CA-HIV) attending five HIV clinics in central and South Western Uganda. METHODS: This study used a quantitative design that involved a random sample of 1339 children and adolescents with HIV and their caregivers. The Participants completed an extensive battery of measures including a standardized DSM-5 referenced rating scale, the parent version (5-18 years) of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5)...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886128/psychological-distress-health-protection-and-sexual-practices-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-action-theory-to-guide-hiv-prevention-efforts
#13
Ian W Holloway, Dorian E Traube, Sheree M Schrager, Diane Tan, Shannon Dunlap, Michele D Kipke
The present study addresses gaps in the literature related to theory development for young men who have sex with men (YMSM) sexual practices through the application and modification of Social Action Theory. Data come from the Healthy Young Men study (N = 526), which longitudinally tracked a diverse cohort of YMSM ages 18-24 to characterize risk and protective factors associated with drug use and sexual practices. Structural equation modeling examined the applicability of, and any necessary modifications to a YMSM-focused version of Social Action Theory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870232/hiv-treatment-cascade-among-female-entertainment-and-sex-workers-in-cambodia-impact-of-amphetamine-use-and-an-hiv-prevention-program
#14
Sokunny Muth, Aynar Len, Jennifer L Evans, Maly Phou, Sophal Chhit, Yuthea Neak, Song Ngak, Ellen S Stein, Adam W Carrico, Lisa Maher, Kimberly Page
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence remains high in Cambodia among female entertainment and sex workers (FESW), and amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use significantly increases risk of infection. A successful continuum of care (CoC) is key to effective clinical care and prevention. This study aimed to describe the HIV CoC in HIV-positive FESW. We examined CoC outcomes among HIV-positive FESW participating in the Cambodia Integrated HIV and Drug Prevention Implementation (CIPI) study, being implemented in ten provinces...
September 5, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853517/hiv-violence-blame-and-shame-pathways-of-risk-to-internalized-hiv-stigma-among-south-african-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#15
Marija Pantelic, Mark Boyes, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck
INTRODUCTION: Internalized HIV stigma is a key risk factor for negative outcomes amongst adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), including non-adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, loss-to-follow-up and morbidity. This study tested a theoretical model of multi-level risk pathways to internalized HIV stigma among South African ALHIV. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, a survey using total population sampling of ALHIV who had ever initiated anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in 53 public health facilities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#16
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810499/the-relationship-between-negative-responses-to-hiv-status-disclosure-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv
#17
Elena Cama, Loren Brener, Sean Slavin, John de Wit
This report examines rates of HIV status disclosure and negative responses to disclosure among people living with HIV in Australia. Among 697 people living with HIV, most (>90%) had disclosed their status to friends, sexual partners and health providers. Almost a third had not disclosed to family, and half had not told any work colleagues. Negative responses to disclosure (e.g. blame, rejection) by all groups were associated with increased HIV-related stigma, psychological distress and diminished social support and health satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774191/household-decision-making-power-and-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-women-initiating-antiretroviral-treatment-in-oromia-ethiopia
#18
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
Low decision-making power (DMP) has been associated with HIV seropositivity among women in sub-Saharan Africa. As treatment accessibility and life expectancy for HIV-positive individuals increase, greater attention to the mental health and well-being of HIV-positive women is needed. This study examined whether low DMP was associated with psychological distress, social support or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among women initiating ART. The sample included 722 women aged 18 or older initiating ART during 2012-2013 at six HIV clinics in Oromia, Ethiopia...
August 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705181/the-impact-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-symptom-burden-among-hiv-outpatients-with-low-cd4-count-in-rural-uganda-nested-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Katie Wakeham, Richard Harding, Jonathan Levin, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Anatoli Kamali, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with HIV have a high prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms throughout their disease course. Despite the clinical and public health implications of unresolved pain and symptoms, little is known about the effect of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) on these outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact on symptom burden for the year after ART initiation in individuals with a CD4 count <200 cells/uL in Uganda. METHODS: HIV-infected, ART-naıve adults referred from voluntary testing and counseling services in rural Uganda for enrollment into a randomized controlled trial to test fluconazole as primary prophylaxis against cryptococcal disease were invited to complete the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) prior to commencing ART and at two subsequent follow up visits...
July 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694709/the-social-stigma-of-hiv-aids-society-s-role
#20
Emmanuel N Kontomanolis, Spyridon Michalopoulos, Grigorios Gkasdaris, Zacharias Fasoulakis
AIDS is a devastating and deadly disease that affects people worldwide and, like all infections, it comes without warning. Specifically, childbearing women with AIDS face constant psychological difficulties during their gestation period, even though the pregnancy itself may be normal and healthy. These women have to deal with the uncertainties and the stress that usually accompany a pregnancy, and they have to live with the reality of having a life-threatening disease; in addition to that, they also have to deal with discriminating and stigmatizing behaviors from their environment...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
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