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hiv/psychological distress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906015/validation-of-a-self-reported-hiv-symptoms-list-the-iss-hiv-symptoms-scale
#1
Raffaella Bucciardini, Katherina Pugliese, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Miriam Cognigni, Chiara Tontini, Stefano Lucattini, Luca Fucili, Massimiliano Di Gregorio, Marco Mirra, Vincenzo Fragola, Sara Pompili, Rita Murri, Stefano Vella
BACKGROUND: To describe the development and the psychometric properties of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità-HIV symptoms scale (lSS-HIV symptoms scale). METHODS: The ISS-HIV symptom scale was developed by an Italian working team including researchers, physicians and people living with HIV. The development process went through the following steps: (1) review of HIV/AIDS literature; (2) focus group; (3) pre-test analysis; (4) scale validation. RESULTS: The 22 symptoms of HIV-ISS symptoms scale were clustered in five factors: pain/general discomfort (7 items); depression/anxiety (4 items); emotional reaction/psychological distress (5 items); gastrointestinal discomfort (4 items); sexual discomfort (2 items)...
April 9, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882489/psychological-distress-mediates-the-effect-of-alexithymia-on-2-year-change-in-hiv-viral-load
#2
Roger C McIntosh, Gail Ironson, Michael Antoni, Betty Lai, Mahendra Kumar, Mary Ann Fletcher, Neil Schneiderman
PURPOSE: Individuals with trait alexithymia (AL) display poor cognitive assimilation of thoughts, feelings, and emotions. This may result in the persistence of stress, anxiety, and depressive disorders. The cumulative effect of this psychological distress is also linked clinical markers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. This study examines the indirect effect of AL on HIV viral load as a function of baseline levels and change in psychological distress. METHODS: N = 123 HIV positive adults aged 37...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875831/social-support-systems-and-social-network-characteristics-of-older-adults-with-hiv
#3
Mark Brennan-Ing, Liz Seidel, Stephen E Karpiak
Social networks of older adults with HIV have been characterized as fragile, with a greater reliance on friends as compared to family. However, we know little about the subgroup differences in the social network constellations of this population, how such characteristics are related to social support resources, and their relationship with psychosocial well-being. We developed a typology of social networks of older HIV-positive adults and examined if they would be related to receipt of informal assistance, perceptions of support sufficiency, and psychosocial well-being...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875826/behavioral-health
#4
David W Pantalone, Stephanie E Czajkowski, S Wade Taylor
In this chapter, we will describe the state of the literature on behavioral health, which includes mental health and substance use problems, and the available treatment interventions to ameliorate these problems, for older adults living with HIV (OALH). The scientific literature on the behavioral health of OALH is highly underdeveloped, especially in terms of the creation of empirically supported interventions to alleviate psychological distress. From the literature that does exist, there are a number of salient factors that emerge, including stereotypes (i...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866410/distress-depression-and-anxiety-among-persons-seeking-hiv-testing
#5
Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal, Jason Bantjes
We investigated psychological distress and symptoms of depression and anxiety among 485 South Africans seeking HIV testing. The mean scores of the sample were 45.78 (SD = 16.81) on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist; 15.8 (SD = 12.4) on the Beck Depression Inventory and 12.44 (SD = 13.00) on the Beck Anxiety Inventory, which fell in the elevated, mild and low ranges on these instruments, respectively. For more than a third of participants, symptoms of depression and clinically significant distress were at least moderate and in some cases severe, indicating that they may have benefitted from psychological help...
November 20, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802346/prevalence-recurrence-and-incidence-of-current-depressive-symptoms-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada-results-from-the-ontario-hiv-treatment-network-cohort-study
#6
Stephanie K Y Choi, Eleanor Boyle, John Cairney, Evan J Collins, Sandra Gardner, Jean Bacon, Sean B Rourke
INTRODUCTION: Current studies of depression among people living with HIV focus on describing its point prevalence. Given the fluctuating nature of depression and its profound impacts on clinical and quality-of-life outcomes, this study aimed to examine the prevalence, recurrence and incidence of current depressive symptoms and its underlying catalysts longitudinally and systematically among these individuals. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study between October 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012 using longitudinal linked data sources...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781103/ageing-and-menopause-considerations-for-women-with-hiv-in-the-uk
#7
EDITORIAL
L Sherr, A Molloy, A Macedo, N Croome, M A Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Treatment rollout has dramatically improved life expectancy for people with HIV and AIDS. Women represent a substantial proportion of patients in the UK (approximately one-third of patients in care are female according to the HIV Annual Report 2014). This study examines psychosocial and biomedical issues for women diagnosed with HIV in the UK, comparing those above and below 45 years of age to examine menopause and ageing issues. METHODS: Consecutive clinic attenders in a large outpatient London HIV clinic were invited to participate in the study...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771179/a-qualitative-description-of-hiv-infected-african-american-women-s-experiences-of-psychological-distress-and-their-coping-strategies
#8
Jill N Peltzer, Lisa Ogawa, Susan Tusher, Rose Farnan, Mary M Gerkovich
HIV-infected individuals are at risk for psychological distress, including depression, sadness, and suicidality. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine 22 HIV-infected African American women's experiences of psychological distress and use of coping strategies. Data were collected through in-person one-on-one interviews until conceptual saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Four themes were found: (a) psychoemotional suffering, (b) contextual factors negatively influence the everydayness of living with HIV infection, (c) HIV-related stigma perpetuates isolation and loneliness, and (d) creating a safe haven...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531735/intimate-partner-violence-experienced-by-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Molly Bernstein, Tamsin Phillips, Allison Zerbe, James A McIntyre, Kirsty Brittain, Greg Petro, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer
OBJECTIVES: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy may be common in settings where HIV is prevalent but there are few data on IPV in populations of HIV-infected pregnant women in Southern Africa. We examined the prevalence and correlates of IPV among HIV-infected pregnant women. SETTING: A primary care antenatal clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. PARTICIPANTS: 623 consecutive HIV-infected pregnant women initiating lifelong antiretroviral therapy...
August 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506910/assessment-of-factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-living-with-hiv-hcv-co-infection
#10
Marco Pereira, Renata Fialho
This study compared the quality of life (QoL) of HIV-infected patients with and without hepatitis C and examined the sociodemographic, HIV-related and psychological symptoms associated with the QoL domains in patients with HIV/HCV co-infection. The sample consisted of 248 HIV/HCV co-infected patients (18-74 years, 81.5 % male) and 482 patients only with HIV (24-78 years, 62.7 % male). Participants completed the WHOQOL-HIV-Bref questionnaire and the Brief Symptom Inventory. The HIV/HCV co-infected patients reported significantly lower QoL in all domains, as well as significantly lower scores in 10 of the 17 specific facets...
October 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506468/needs-among-persons-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-community-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
A Durbin, F Sirotich, Y Lunsky, K Roesslein, J Durbin
BACKGROUND: The experience of having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is often associated with co-occurring mental health issues. Community mental health services are an important source of support for persons with HIV living in the community. Persons with intellectual disability (ID) are vulnerable to HIV and may have unique support needs beyond those without ID receiving community care. This study compared support needs of men with HIV in community mental health programmes, with and without ID...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505199/macro-level-implicit-hiv-prejudice-and-the-health-of-community-residents-with-hiv
#12
Carol T Miller, Susan E Varni, Sondra E Solomon, Michael J DeSarno, Janice Y Bunn
OBJECTIVES: This study examined how community levels of implicit HIV prejudice are associated with the psychological and physical well-being of people with HIV living in those same communities. It also examined whether community motivation to control prejudice and/or explicit HIV prejudice moderates the relationship of implicit prejudice and well-being. METHOD: Participants were 206 people with HIV living in 42 different communities in New England who completed measures that assessed psychological distress, thriving, and physical well-being...
August 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450717/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-among-drug-users-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#13
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Sok Chamreun Choub, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, drug users are at increased risk of both poor mental health and HIV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of high psychological distress among drug users in Cambodia. METHODS: In April 2014, a two-stage cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 169 drug users from hotspots in Phnom Penh. Psychological distress was measured using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
October 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397139/challenges-to-hiv-management-among-youth-engaged-in-hiv-care
#14
Enbal Shacham, Amy L Estlund, Amanda E Tanner, Rachel Presti
Regardless of medical advancements, new HIV infections persist. Young adults are most often newly infected, thus research is needed to assess medication adherence barriers specific to young adults with HIV. The data were abstracted from medical charts to include both self-reported behavioral and psychological distress data and HIV parameters in 2013 among patients aged 18-30 years. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors related to viral suppression and sexually transmitted infection (STI) status...
July 11, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385511/age-time-living-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-and-self-rated-health
#15
J A McGowan, L Sherr, A J Rodger, M Fisher, A Miners, J Anderson, M A Johnson, J Elford, S Collins, G Hart, A N Phillips, A Speakman, F C Lampe
OBJECTIVES: An increasing proportion of people living with HIV are older adults, who may require specialized care. Adverse physical and psychological effects of HIV infection may be greatest among older people or those who have lived longer with HIV. METHODS: The ASTRA study is a cross-sectional questionnaire study of 3258 HIV-diagnosed adults (2248 men who have sex with men, 373 heterosexual men and 637 women) recruited from UK clinics in 2011-2012. Associations of age group with physical symptom distress (significant distress for at least one of 26 symptoms), depression and anxiety symptoms (scores ≥ 10 on PHQ-9 and GAD-7, respectively), and health-related functional problems (problems on at least one of three domains of the Euroqol 5D-3L)) were assessed, adjusting for time with diagnosed HIV infection, gender/sexual orientation and ethnicity...
July 7, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348608/a-transactional-approach-to-relationships-over-time-between-perceived-hiv-stigma-and-the-psychological-and-physical-well-being-of-people-with-hiv
#16
Carol T Miller, Sondra E Solomon, Susan E Varni, James J Hodge, F Andrew Knapp, Janice Y Bunn
RATIONALE: Cross-sectional studies demonstrate that perceived discrimination is related to the psychological and physical well-being of stigmatized people. The theoretical and empirical foci of most of this research in on how racial discrimination undermines well-being. The present study takes a transactional approach to examine people with HIV, a potentially concealable stigma. HYPOTHESIS: The transactional approach posits that even as discrimination adversely affects the psychological well-being of people with HIV, psychological distress also makes them more sensitive to perceiving that they may be or have been stigmatized, and may increase the chances that other people actually do stigmatize them...
August 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324716/-we-have-beaten-hiv-a-bit-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-peer-support-during-pregnancy-with-an-hiv-mentor-mother-project-in-england
#17
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women living with HIV in England who received or gave Mentor Mother (trained mother-to-mother) volunteer peer support during pregnancy and early motherhood. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study, using semistructured, in-depth interviews and inductive thematic analysis, theoretically informed by phenomenological social psychology. SETTING: A London-based third sector peer support organisation for people living with HIV...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318949/examining-the-link-between-psychological-distress-mental-health-disorders-and-sharing-behaviors-among-cocaine-users
#18
Annie Lévesque, Élise Roy, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Geng Zang, Andreea Adelina Artenie, Julie Bruneau
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric problems and cocaine use are associated with heightened vulnerability for HIV and Hepatitis C infections. Little is known regarding the relationship between psychiatric symptoms, psychiatric diagnoses and injection risk behaviors among cocaine users. We examined the association between psychological distress and injection material sharing among cocaine users, while accounting for comorbid anxious and mood disorders. METHODS: Participants included cocaine users who inject drugs recruited in a prospective cohort study in Montreal, Canada...
November 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294696/examining-the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-adherence-to-anti-retroviral-therapy-among-ugandan-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#19
Massy Mutumba, Victor Musiime, James M Lepkwoski, Gary W Harper, Rachel C Snow, Ken Resnicow, Jose A Bauermeister
Psychological distress is common among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) worldwide, and has been associated with non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy (ART), leading to poor virologic suppression, drug resistance, and increased risk for AIDS morbidity and mortality. However, only a few studies have explored the relationship between psychological distress and ART adherence among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The paper examines the relationship between psychological distress and ART adherence, and effect of psychosocial resources on ART adherence...
July 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280751/adequacy-of-mental-health-services-for-hiv-positive-patients-with-depression-ontario-hiv-treatment-network-cohort-study
#20
Stephanie K Y Choi, Eleanor Boyle, John Cairney, Sandra Gardner, Evan J Collins, Jean Bacon, Sean B Rourke
BACKGROUND: Major depression can profoundly impact clinical and quality-of-life outcomes of people living with HIV, and this disease is underdiagnosed and undertreated in many HIV-positive individuals. Here, we describe the prevalence of publicly funded primary and secondary mental health service use and antidepressant use, as well as mental health care for depression in accordance with existing Canadian guidelines for HIV-positive patients with depression in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study linking data from the Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study with administrative health databases in the province of Ontario, Canada...
2016: PloS One
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