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eggs cholesterol

Sri Hidanah, Dady Soegianto Nazar, Erma Safitri
Aim: This study was aimed to improve the quality of the eggs of Mojosari duck ( Anas javanica ) through complete feeding containing soybean husk was fermented using cellulolytic bacteria of Spodoptera litura . Materials and Methods: This study consisted of three stages: The first stages, isolation and identification of cellulolytic bacteria from S. litura ; the second stage, the fermentation of soybean husk through the application of bacterial cellulolytic isolate from the first stage; and the third stage, the application of the best complete feed formulation from the second stage to Mojosari duck...
May 2018: Veterinary World
Ghada A Soliman
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. For years, dietary cholesterol was implicated in increasing blood cholesterol levels leading to the elevated risk of CVD. To date, extensive research did not show evidence to support a role of dietary cholesterol in the development of CVD. As a result, the 2015⁻2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans removed the recommendations of restricting dietary cholesterol to 300 mg/day. This review summarizes the current literature regarding dietary cholesterol intake and CVD...
June 16, 2018: Nutrients
Reginaldo Franklin, Rodrigo Freitas Monte Bispo, Célio Fernando Sousa-Rodrigues, Lucas Alves Sarmento Pires, Albino Fonseca, Marcio Antonio Babinski
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common ailment. It is usually found in association with diabetes or obesity. There are no approved drugs to treat this condition. The study of flavonoid consumption has increased over the decades due to their antioxidative properties, although the literature is scarce when it comes to their effects in liver tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of leucoanthocyanidin in nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis. Thirty male albino rabbits were divided in 3 groups...
June 18, 2018: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Zhe Xu, Scott T McClure, Lawrence J Appel
The 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that individuals should minimize their dietary cholesterol intake. However, current dietary cholesterol intake and its food sources have not been well-characterized. We examined dietary cholesterol intake by age, sex, race, and food sources using 24-h dietary recall data from a nationally representative sample of 5047 adults aged 20 years or older who participated in NHANES (2013⁻2014 survey cycle). We also reported trends in cholesterol intake across the past seven NHANES surveys...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
Catherine J Andersen
Cellular cholesterol metabolism, lipid raft formation, and lipoprotein interactions contribute to the regulation of immune-mediated inflammation and response to pathogens. Lipid pathways have been implicated in the pathogenesis of bacterial and viral infections, whereas altered lipid metabolism may contribute to immune dysfunction in autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Interestingly, dietary cholesterol may exert protective or detrimental effects on risk, progression, and treatment of different infectious and autoimmune diseases, although current findings suggest that these effects are variable across populations and different diseases...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
S Tavaniello, G Maiorano, K Stadnicka, R Mucci, J Bogucka, M Bednarczyk
Elimination of antibiotic growth promoters from poultry production has encouraged intensive search for relevant alternatives. Prebiotics are proposed as efficient replacements to stimulate colonization/expansion of beneficial microflora in chickens. The aim of this study was to deepen the knowledge on the effect of prebiotic administration on slaughter performance and meat quality traits of broiler chickens by evaluating different routes of their delivery (in ovo vs. in-water vs. in ovo + in-water). At d 12 of incubation, 1,500 eggs (Ross 308) containing viable embryos were randomly allotted into 4 groups and injected in ovo with 0...
April 20, 2018: Poultry Science
Karim Benhenia, Hamza Rahab, Mustapha-Adnane Smadi, Hamza Benmakhlouf, Ali Lamara, Takfarinas Idres, Mokrane Iguer-Ouada
Vitamin E is a potent molecule, especially when loaded in cyclodextrin, in modulating oxidative stress during the freeze-thawing process. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of different concentrations of cyclodextrin-vitamin E complex (CD-Vit E) on cryopreserved ram sperm. Ejaculates collected from five adult rams were pooled and divided into four aliquots. All aliquots were treated in Tris-extender (Tris-glucose-citric acid) containing 2 mg cholesterol-loaded methyl-β- cyclodextrin/120 × 106 spermatozoa and either 0 (Control), 2, 4 or 6 mg CD-Vit E/120 × 106 spermatozoa, corresponding to 0, 0...
June 6, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
S P Yadav, T R Kannaki, R K Mahapatra, Chandan Paswan, T K Bhattacharya, S K Sarkar, R N Chatterjee
Birds (364) of both sexes, 11-wk-old, belonging to 2 native (Brown Nicobari and Ghagus) breeds and 1 exotic breed (Dahlem Red) were evaluated for cell-mediated immune response (CMI) by phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA-P), hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antigen (LaSota stock virus), flow cytometric analysis of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), and hematology and biochemical assays. The cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity response PHA-P% increase in wattle thickness (mm) was highest in Ghagus (431...
June 8, 2018: Poultry Science
M Alagawany, M E Abd El-Hack, M R Farag, S S Elnesr, M S El-Kholy, I M Saadeldin, A A Swelum
The present study investigated the toxic impacts of lead (LD) on the productive and reproductive performances of Japanese quails and the role of Yucca schidigera extract (YSE) in reducing these impacts. A total of 360 mature Japanese quails (at 2 months of age) were used and the experiment was lasted for 8 wk. The birds were divided into 6 equal groups as follows: control (basal diet), basal diet + 100 mg LD/kg diet, basal diet + YSE (100 mg/kg diet), basal diet + YSE (200 mg/kg diet), basal diet + LD (100 mg/kg diet) + YSE (100 mg/kg diet), and basal diet + LD (100 mg/kg diet) + YSE (200 mg/kg diet)...
May 26, 2018: Poultry Science
Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Yaser Mokhayeri, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Soheila Khodakarim, Hamid Soori
Objectives: Some studies shed light on the association between dietary patterns and stroke, though, none of them applied reduced rank regression (RRR). Therefore, we sought to extract dietary patterns using RRR, and showed how well the extracted scores by RRR predict stroke in comparison to those scores produced by partial least squares (PLS) and principal components regression (PCR). Methods: Diet data at baseline with four response variables including body mass index (BMI), fibrinogen, IL-6, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were used to extract dietary patterns...
May 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
Seon-Joo Park, Ji-Hye Jung, Sang-Woon Choi, Hae-Jeung Lee
The effect of high egg intake on metabolic syndrome (MetS), a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), has not been clearly elucidated. This study was conducted to review the literature related to egg consumption and the risk of metabolic disease as well as to examine the association between high egg intake and MetS in Korean adults. A literature review was conducted using published papers in PubMed and EMBASE through December 2017. We have reviewed 26 articles, which were associated with egg consumption and metabolic diseases, and found that the results were controversial...
April 2018: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Kedong Tai, Fuguo Liu, Xiaoye He, Peihua Ma, Like Mao, Yanxiang Gao, Fang Yuan
The effects of three kinds of sterols (cholesterol, β-sitosterol and ergosterol) on the stability, microstructure and membrane properties of soybean and egg yolk lecithin liposomes were investigated by light scattering, transmission electron microscope (TEM), atomic force microscope (AFM), fluorescence and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The vesicle size of cholesterol or β-sitosterol incorporated liposomes was higher than that of the control and ergosterol incorporated ones, while the zeta-potential was similar when the same lecithin was used...
July 2018: Food Research International
Beigh Y Amin, Jai K Prasad, Subrata K Ghosh, Shabir A Lone, Abhishek Kumar, Abdul R Mustapha, Omer Din, Ajay Kumar
The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of various levels of dissolved oxygen (DO) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cryocapacitation-like changes in bull sperm. Egg yolk-Tris-glycerol (EYTG) extender was split into four subextenders; viz., Extender I (control; no flushing with liquid nitrogen (LN2 )), Extender II, Extender III and Extender IV were flushed with LN2 for 40, 16 and 8 min, respectively. The DO levels were standardized to 11.7, 2, 4 and 8 ppm, respectively, in control (Extender I), Extender II, Extender III and Extender IV...
May 21, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Chi Hang Tse, Jeffrey Comer, Yi Wang, Christophe Chipot
Prediction of membrane permeability to small molecules represents an important aspect of drug discovery. First-principle calculations of this quantity require an accurate description of both the thermodynamics and kinetics that underlie translocation of the permeant across the lipid bilayer. In this contribution, the membrane permeability to three drugs, or drug-like molecules, namely, 9-anthroic acid (ANA), 2',3'-dideoxyadenosine (DDA) and hydrocortisone (HYL) are estimated in a pure 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) and in a POPC:cholesterol (2:1) mixture...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Maria Luz Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations have been associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Eggs are a rich source of choline, which is a precursor of TMAO. OBJECTIVE: The effects of egg intake versus daily choline supplementation were evaluated on plasma choline and TMAO in a young, healthy population. METHODS: Thirty participants (14 males, 16 females; 25.6 ± 2.3 years; body mass index = 24.3 ± 2.9 kg/m2 ) were enrolled in this 13-week crossover intervention...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Nicholas R Fuller, Amanda Sainsbury, Ian D Caterson, Gareth Denyer, Mackenzie Fong, James Gerofi, Chloris Leung, Namson S Lau, Kathryn H Williams, Andrzej S Januszewski, Alicia J Jenkins, Tania P Markovic
Background: Some country guidelines recommend that people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) limit their consumption of eggs and cholesterol. Our previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study showed that a high-egg (≥12 eggs/wk) diet compared with a low-egg diet (<2 eggs/wk) did not have adverse effects on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with T2D. Objective: The current study follows the previously published 3-mo weight-maintenance study and assessed the effects of the high-egg compared with the low-egg diets as part of a 3-mo weight-loss period, followed by a 6-mo follow-up period for a total duration of 12 mo...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Khellouf, K Benhenia, S Fatami, M Iguer-Ouada
BACKGROUND: During cryopreservation sperm cells suffer from two major deleterious impacts: oxidative stress and cold shock. OBJECTIVE: To investigate in bovine species the benefit of cholesterol and vitamin E, both loaded in cyclodextrins, as a double protection against oxidative stress and cold shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from nine mature bulls using an artificial vagina and each ejaculate was split into four equal aliquots...
March 2018: Cryo Letters
Jiyoung Jang, Min-Jeong Shin, Oh Yoen Kim, Kyong Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear if high egg consumption has beneficial or adverse effects on cardiometabolic health. The present study prospectively evaluated the longitudinal association between egg-consumption levels and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Korean adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 9248 Korean adults aged 40-69 years without CVD or cancer at the baseline from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study, Ansung-Ansan cohort, South Korea...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
Lin Xu, Tai Hing Lam, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, Jean Woo, Kar Keung Cheng, G Neil Thomas
PURPOSE: Eggs are highly nutritious but concerns over their cholesterol content have led to dietary avoidance among many. There are also important international differences in relevant dietary guidance. We conducted the first prospective study in China investigating the association of egg consumption, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and a meta-analysis. METHODS: We included 28,024 participants without CVD at baseline (2003-8) in Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Serena Mulè, Mariagiovanna Falla, Alessandra Conti, Dora Castiglione, Isabella Blanco, Armando Platania, Maurizio D'Urso, Marina Marranzano
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of macronutrient and foods is considered crucial to decrease the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases. METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the intake of major food groups and macronutrients in a random sample of 1838 southern Italian adults. RESULTS: No significant differences of macronutrient consumption between sexes were found. By contrast, younger individuals had significantly higher intake of animal protein than older ones...
April 15, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
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