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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316181/-association-between-food-intake-and-the-serum-total-cholesterol-level-among-adults-in-9-regions-of-china
#1
J Song, J J He, A P Fang, H Li, M H Guo, X Shen, K J Li
Objective: To analyze the association between food intake and the serum total cholesterol(TC) level in adult Chinese population. Methods: This study included apparent healthy residents aged between 20 and 70 years who participated in the eighth round of China Health and Nutrition Study (CHNS) in 9 regions of China including Liaoning, Helongjiang, Shandong, Jiangsu, Henan, Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou provinces and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2009. The association between the serum TC level and the diet and other related factors were analyzed...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300010/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-ligustrum-lucidum-on-performance-egg-quality-and-blood-biochemical-parameters-of-hy-line-brown-hens-during-the-late-laying-period
#2
X L Li, W L He, M L Yang, Y M Yan, Y H Xue, S T Zhao
The fruit of Ligustrum lucidum (FLL, Nuzhenzi in Chinese) is an important traditional medicine, and have attracted significant research attention because of their various biological activities. However, there are few research reports available on the use of FLL as a feed additive in livestock nutrition, particularly in layers. This study was conducted to determine the effects of supplementation of the diet of laying hens with FLL on laying performance, egg quality and blood metabolites. A total of 360 72-week-old hens were allocated to three dietary treatments (eight replications of 15 hens/treatment group) and were fed either a control diet or a diet supplemented with an inclusion level of 0...
March 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283980/alleviating-the-environmental-heat-burden-on-laying-hens-by-feeding-on-diets-enriched-with-certain-antioxidants-vitamin-e-and-selenium-individually-or-combined
#3
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Khalid Mahrose, Muhammad Arif, Maria Tabassum Chaudhry, Islam M Saadeldin, Muhammad Saeed, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Imtiaz Hussain Raja Abbasi, Zaib Ur Rehman
The present study was designed to alleviate the negative biohazards of high ambient temperature on the productive performance and physiological status of laying hens. A total of 135 Bovans laying hens were distributed into nine groups in a 3 × 3 factorial design experiment. Basal diet was supplemented with vitamin E at levels of 0, 250, and 500 mg /kg diet. Within each dietary vitamin E level, each diet was supplemented with sodium selenite as a source of selenium (Se) to supply 0, 0.25, and 0.50 mg Se/kg diet...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277941/drosophila-development-physiology-behaviour-and-lifespan-are-influenced-by-altered-dietary-composition
#4
Kiel G Ormerod, Olivia K LePine, Prabhodh S Abbineni, Justin M Bridgeman, Jens R Coorssen, A Joffre Mercier, Glenn J Tattersall
Diet profoundly influences the behaviour of animals across many phyla. Despite this, most laboratories employing model organisms, such as Drosophila, use multiple, different, commercial or custom-made media for rearing their animals. In addition to measuring growth, fecundity and longevity, we employed several behavioural and physiological assays to determine if and how altering food media influence wild-type (Canton S) Drosophila melanogaster, at larval, pupal, and adult stages. Comparing two commonly used commercial food media we observed several key developmental and morphological differences...
March 9, 2017: Fly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276101/polyphenols-in-eucalyptus-leaves-improved-the-egg-and-meat-qualities-and-protected-against-ethanol-induced-oxidative-damage-in-laying-hens
#5
Y Chen, H Chen, W Li, J Miao, N Chen, X Shao, Y Cao
Polyphenols in Eucalyptus leaves (PE) were value resources due to various pharmacological activities, but data on the effect on laying hens are very scare. This study was conducted to determine the effect of PE on the laying performance, egg traits, meat quality, antioxidant status and liver tissues of laying hens. One hundred and twenty 256-day-old Yueqinhuang laying hens were randomly assigned to four treatment groups (different levels of PE at 0, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.2 g/kg diet) for 63 days with 15 replicates per group...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273591/the-efficacy-of-a-nutrition-education-intervention-to-prevent-risk-of-malnutrition-for-dependent-elderly-patients-receiving-home-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sílvia Fernández-Barrés, Montse García-Barco, Josep Basora, Teresa Martínez, Roser Pedret, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a nutrition education intervention included in the Home Care Program for caregivers to prevent the increasing risk of malnutrition of dependent patients at risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Randomized controlled multicenter trial of 6 months of duration and 12 months follow-up. SETTINGS: 10 Primary Care Centers, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Patients enrolled in the Home Care Program between January 2010 and March 2012, who were dependent and at risk of malnutrition, older than 65, and had caregivers (n=190)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202634/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-outcomes-among-adult-samoans-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Dongqing Wang, Nicola L Hawley, Avery A Thompson, Viali Lameko, Muagatutia Sefuiva Reupena, Stephen T McGarvey, Ana Baylin
Background: The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle.Objectives: We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes.Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191513/dietary-cholesterol-and-egg-yolk-should-be-avoided-by-patients-at-risk-of-vascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
J David Spence
Recent recommendations that limits to dietary cholesterol be dropped were probably heavily influenced by propaganda from the egg industry. After conviction for false advertising, the industry has spent hundreds of millions of dollars to convince the public, physicians, and policy makers that dietary cholesterol and egg yolk are harmless. However, there are good reasons for longstanding recommendations that dietary cholesterol be limited to <200 mg/ day in persons at risk of vascular disease. It is seldom understood that this essentially means all people in developed countries who expect to attain an advanced age...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160334/influence-of-sumac-rhus-coriaria-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-on-egg-yolk-fatty-acid-cholesterol-and-blood-parameters-in-laying-hens
#9
Y Gurbuz, Y G Salih
The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effect of different levels of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) seed powder and ginger (Zingiber officinale) root powder on egg yolk fatty acid composition, blood/yolk cholesterol in laying hen. A total of 63 (ATAK-S: Domestic Turkish Laying Hens) laying hens (average weight: 1470 g each hen, 25-weeks of age) were assigned to seven treatment diets including sumac seed (S) and ginger root powder (G) at 0 g/kg (control), 10 g/kg (S1), 20 g/kg (S2), and 30 g/kg (S3); 10 g/kg (G1), 20 g/kg (G2), or 30 g/kg in rations respectively, for 8 weeks...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146063/consuming-two-eggs-per-day-as-compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-decreases-plasma-ghrelin-while-maintaining-the-ldl-hdl-ratio
#10
Amanda Missimer, Diana M DiMarco, Catherine J Andersen, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs contain high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, yet regular consumption is still met with uncertainty. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of consuming two eggs per day or a heart-healthy oatmeal breakfast on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and satiety measures in a young, healthy population. Fifty subjects participated in a randomized crossover clinical intervention; subjects were randomly allocated to consume either two eggs or one packet of oatmeal per day for breakfast for four weeks...
January 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122649/serum-and-macular-response-to-carotenoid-enriched-egg-supplementation-in-human-subjects-the-egg-xanthophyll-intervention-clinical-trial-exit
#11
David Kelly, John M Nolan, Alan N Howard, Jim Stack, Kwadwo O Akuffo, Rachel Moran, David I Thurnham, Jessica Dennison, Katherine A Meagher, Stephen Beatty
The macular carotenoids lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z) and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) accumulate at the macula, where they are collectively referred to as macular pigment (MP). Augmentation of this pigment, typically achieved through diet and supplementation, enhances visual function and protects against progression of age-related macular degeneration. However, it is known that eggs are a rich dietary source of L and Z, in a highly bioavailable matrix. In this single-blind placebo-controlled study, L- and MZ-enriched eggs and control non-enriched eggs were fed to human subjects (mean age 41 and 35 years, respectively) over an 8-week period, and outcome measures included MP, visual function and serum concentrations of carotenoids and cholesterol...
January 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101467/some-qualitative-and-rheological-properties-of-virgin-olive-oil-apple-vinegar-salad-dressing-stabilized-with-xanthan-gum
#12
Solmaz Abedinzadeh, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi
Purpose: Lipid oxidation and rheological properties are the main qualitative parameters determined in food emulsions. Salad dressings are food emulsions important in our daily diet, but conventional salad dressings have high amounts of cholesterol and saturated fatty acids because of egg yolk in their formulations. There are many studies on the modification of salad dressing formulations to replace egg yolk and saturated fats. The present study describes new formulation of salad dressing with olive oil and apple vinegar to produce a functional food product...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091798/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-day-increases-hdl-cholesterol-and-plasma-choline-while-plasma-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-unchanged-in-a-healthy-population
#13
Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Bruno S Lemos, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs are a source of cholesterol and choline and may impact plasma lipids and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations, which are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, the effects of increasing egg intake (0, 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day) on these and other CVD risk biomarkers were evaluated in a young, healthy population. Thirty-eight subjects [19 men/19 women, 24.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index (BMI) 24.3 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)] participated in this 14-week crossover intervention. Participants underwent a 2-week washout with no egg consumption, followed by intake of 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day for 4 weeks each...
March 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077734/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-per-day-is-associated-with-changes-in-hdl-function-and-increased-plasma-antioxidants-in-healthy-young-adults
#14
Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Courtney L Millar, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
BACKGROUND: HDL function may be more important than HDL concentration in determining risk for cardiovascular disease. In addition, HDL is a carrier of carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes, which protect HDL and LDL particles against oxidation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of consuming 0-3 eggs/d on LDL and HDL particle size, HDL function, and plasma antioxidants in a young, healthy population. METHODS: Thirty-eight healthy men and women [age 18-30 y, body mass index (in kg/m(2)) 18...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052883/association-of-dietary-cholesterol-and-egg-intakes-with-the-risk-of-incident-dementia-or-alzheimer-disease-the-kuopio-ischaemic-heart-disease-risk-factor-study
#15
Maija Pt Ylilauri, Sari Voutilainen, Eija Lönnroos, Jaakko Mursu, Heli Ek Virtanen, Timo T Koskinen, Jukka T Salonen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Jyrki K Virtanen
BACKGROUND: There is little information about the associations of intakes of cholesterol and eggs, a major source of dietary cholesterol, with the risk of cognitive decline in general populations or in carriers of apolipoprotein E ɛ4 (APO-E4), a major risk factor for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of cholesterol and egg intakes with incident dementia, Alzheimer disease (AD), and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older men from Eastern Finland...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041717/the-effect-of-cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrins-on-post-thawing-quality-of-buffalo-semen-in-relation-to-sperm-dna-damage-and-ultrastructure
#16
M F Abouelezz, A E Montaser, M S Hussein, A M Eldesouky, M R Badr, A O Hegab, A Z Balboula, S M Zaabel
The cryopreservation of germ cells is a major tool for the propagation of animals with desired genetic traits. Although cryopreservation of spermatozoa in some animals is effective, its effectiveness is variable. For example, cryopreservation efficiency of buffalo bull spermatozoa remains very poor. In this study, we evaluated sperm DNA damage and ultrastructure in buffalo bull spermatozoa vitrified in the presence or absence of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins (CLC). Our results showed that cryopreserved buffalo spermatozoa had elevated levels of deteriorated plasma and mitochondrial membranes, which are the likely causes of DNA damage after vitrification...
December 29, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039067/prenatal-betaine-exposure-alleviates-corticosterone-induced-inhibition-of-cyp27a1-expression-in-the-liver-of-juvenile-chickens-associated-with-its-promoter-dna-methylation
#17
Yun Hu, Qinwei Sun, Yibo Zong, Jie Liu, Abdulrahman A Idriss, Nagmeldin A Omer, Ruqian Zhao
Sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) plays an important role in cholesterol homeostasis by degrading cholesterol to bile acids. Betaine can alleviate high-fat diet-induced hepatic cholesterol accumulation and maternal betaine treatment programs the hepatic expression of CYP27A1 in offspring. Excessive corticosterone (CORT) exposure causes hepatic cholesterol deposition in chickens, yet it remains unknown whether prenatal betaine modulates CORT-induced cholesterol accumulation in chicken liver later in life and whether it involves epigenetic gene regulation of CYP27A1...
December 27, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032067/association-of-major-dietary-patterns-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#18
Zhaleh Shadman, Mahdieh Akhoundan, Nooshin Poorsoltan, Bagher Larijani, Mostafa Qorbani, Mehdi Hedayati, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
BACKGROUND: Role of dietary modifications on the treatment and management of diabetes and complications was shown by many researchers. This study was designed to examine the association of major dietary patterns with diabetes-related cardio-metabolic risk factors in Iranian diabetes. METHODS: Totally, 525 type 2 diabetic subjects with mean age 55 ± 10 yr were included in this cross-sectional study in 2014 that followed for at least two years by the Diabetes and Metabolic disease Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017451/cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrin-improves-ram-sperm-cryoresistance-in-skim-milk-extender
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vianney M Salmon, François Castonguay, Vincent Demers-Caron, Pierre Leclerc, Janice L Bailey
Cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC) is known to improve ram sperm cryosurvival. This study expands on previous research to: (1) determine the mechanism by which CLC improves ram sperm cryosurvival and (2) compare the efficiency of a novel, skim milk-based extender containing CLC to a traditional egg yolk-based extender. Hypothesis #1 was that CLC enhances membrane cholesterol content to increase the resistance of ram sperm to cold and osmotic stress, thereby improving cryosurvival. We first assessed the ability of fresh sperm treated with CLC to withstand cold shock...
February 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965408/prenatal-betaine-exposure-modulates-hypothalamic-expression-of-cholesterol-metabolic-genes-in-cockerels-through-modifications-of-dna-methylation
#20
Abdulrahman A Idriss, Yun Hu, Qinwei Sun, Longfei Jia, Yimin Jia, Nagmeldin A Omer, Halima Abobaker, Ruqian Zhao
Cholesterol is essential for neuronal development and brain function. Previously we reported that in ovo administration of betaine modulates hepatic cholesterol metabolism in the chicken, yet it remains unknown whether maternal betaine affects the cholesterol content and the expression of cholesterol metabolic genes in chicken hypothalamus. In this study, eggs were injected with saline or betaine at 2.5 mg/egg, and the hatchlings were raised under the same condition until 64 d of age. Maternal betaine significantly (P = 0...
December 13, 2016: Poultry Science
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