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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#1
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608638/effect-of-different-levels-of-copper-nanoparticles-and-copper-sulphate-on-performance-metabolism-and-blood-biochemical-profiles-in-broiler-chicken
#2
A Scott, K P Vadalasetty, M Łukasiewicz, S Jaworski, M Wierzbicki, A Chwalibog, E Sawosz
A study was conducted to investigate the influence of copper administration in ovo to chicken embryos and/or supplied in drinking water to growing chickens in the form copper nanoparticles (Cu-NP) or copper sulphate (CuSO4 ). The fertilised eggs were assigned to three groups (n = 50 per group): control (not injected), injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP or with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 at day 1 of incubation. Thereafter, 126 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to seven post-hatched groups: control not injected and not provided with Cu in the drinking water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg Cu-NP in water, injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4  + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg CuSO4 in water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP and injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608581/effects-of-milk-thistle-meal-on-performance-ileal-bacterial-enumeration-jejunal-morphology-and-blood-lipid-peroxidation-in-laying-hens-fed-diets-with-different-levels-of-metabolizable-energy
#3
N S Hashemi Jabali, A H Mahdavi, S Ansari Mahyari, M Sedghi, R Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of milk thistle meal on performance, blood biochemical indices, ileal bacterial counts and intestinal histology in laying hens fed diets containing different levels of metabolizable energy. A total number of 200 Leghorn laying hens (Hy-Line W-36) were randomly assigned to eight experimental treatments with five cage replicates of five birds each. Dietary treatments consisted of four levels of milk thistle meal (0%, 15%, 30% and 60%) and two levels of AMEn (11...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608538/effects-of-dietary-red-yeast-sporidiobolus-pararoseus-on-production-performance-and-egg-quality-of-laying-hens
#4
W Tapingkae, K Panyachai, M Yachai, H V Doan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary red yeast (Sporidiobolus pararoseus) on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. A total of 200 Esa Brown laying hens (23 weeks of age) were allocated equally to negative control group (no yeast supplement); positive control group (2 g/kg of Saccharomyces cerevisiae); 0.5, 1, 2 g/kg red yeast respectively. The experiment was lasted for 12 weeks. Feed intake, hen-day egg production and egg weight were not different between control and supplemented groups...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587342/experimental-study-of-the-anti-atherosclerotic-effect-of-demethylzeylasteral
#5
Ying Huang, Shaofeng Wang, Chunya Zhang, Zhiqing Xu, Jinghua Shen, Xiaogang Du, Huanhua Zhang, Kangjian Zhang, Daifu Zhang
This study aimed to confirm that atherosclerosis (AS) is a systemic immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease and to investigate the anti-atherosclerotic effect of demethylzeylasteral by testing the immunocompetent cells and inflammatory mediators in the blood and atherosclerotic plaques of the rabbit model of AS. For this purpose, 60 male New Zealand white rabbits were given 150 g high-fat diet (1% cholesterol, 5% lard, and 15% egg yolk powder) daily for a total of 90 days. On day 61, the rabbits were randomly divided into the saline group (n=15), the rosuvastatin group (n=15), the low-dose demethylzeylasteral group (n=15), and the high-dose demethylzeylasteral group (n=15)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558718/lactic-fermented-egg-white-reduced-serum-cholesterol-concentrations-in-mildly-hypercholesterolemic-japanese-men-a-double-blind-parallel-arm-design
#6
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Mika Usuda, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: Lactic-fermented egg white (LE), produced by lactic acid fermentation of egg white, is an easy-to-consume form of egg white. Here we assessed the effect of daily consumption of LE for 8 weeks on serum total cholesterol (TC) levels. METHODS: The study followed a double-blind, parallel-arm design and included 88 adult men with mild hypercholesterolemia (mean ± standard error) serum TC levels, 229 ± 1.6 mg/dL; range, 204-259 mg/dL). The subjects were randomly divided into three groups, which consumed LE containing 4, 6, or 8 g of protein daily for 8 weeks...
May 30, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556199/isolation-of-egg-yolk-granules-as-low-cholesterol-emulsifying-agent-in-mayonnaise
#7
Hollman Motta-Romero, Zhong Zhang, An Tien Nguyen, Vicki Schlegel, Yue Zhang
Egg yolk is an essential ingredient for many food products due to its excellent functional properties such as emulsification. However, the consumers' concern of its cholesterol level has led food industry to seek solutions for its replacement. Utilization of low-fat egg yolk granules as emulsifier can be an alternative strategy. In this study, granules with low cholesterol content were separated from egg yolk by a simple method under easily scalable centrifugal conditions. The egg yolk granules isolated within 0...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535107/egg-consumption-associated-with-increased-concentration-of-serum-total-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-prospective-randomized-controlled-trials-thereby-possibly-associating-with-atherosclerosis-from-a-view-of-cardiologists
#8
Cheng-Wei Liu, Tzu-Chiao Lin, Guo-Shiang Tseng, Shyi-Shiaw Jiau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532835/effect-of-cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrin-supplementation-on-tyrosine-phosphorylation-and-apoptosis-like-changes-in-frozen-thawed-hariana-bull-spermatozoa
#10
Hanuman P Yadav, Anuj Kumar, Nadeem Shah, Dharmendra S Chauhan, Atul Saxena, Sarvajeet Yadav, Dilip Kumar Swain
The beneficial effects of cholesterol loaded cyclodextrin (CLC) addition were evaluated in cryopreserved bull semen. Forty ejaculates were collected from Hariana bulls (n = 4), pooled and divided into 4 aliquots. All the aliquots were initially diluted in to egg yolk tris citrate and supplemented with CLC @ 0.5 mg (Group-II), 1.0 mg (G-III) and 2.0 mg (G-IV) CLC/120 × 10(6) spermatozoa or without CLC (G-I) that served as control. Extended semen was cryopreserved at -196 °C for 24 h. Seminal attributes like motility, viability, cryocapacitation like changes, tyrosine phosphorylation, apoptosis like changes in terms of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and DNA integrity were evaluated after equilibration and thawing...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515642/physicochemical-and-functional-characterization-of-blue-shelled-eggs-in-korea
#11
Joko Sujiwo, Dongwook Kim, Ji-Yeol Yoon, Hanna Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Sung-Ki Lee, Aera Jang
The aim of this study was to compare the quality and physicochemical characteristics of blue-shelled eggs (BE) and conventional eggs (CE). Proximate composition, quality, pH value, shell color, collagen content, fatty acid composition, total cholesterol, α-glucosidase inhibition activity, and antioxidation activity were determined. The proximate composition, general qualities, and pH values of CE and BE showed no significant differences, except in moisture composition, weight, and shell thickness. Moisture content and weight of BE were significantly lower than those of CE...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515160/replacement-of-refined-starches-and-added-sugars-with-egg-protein-and-unsaturated-fats-increases-insulin-sensitivity-and-lowers-triglycerides-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-with-elevated-triglycerides
#12
Kevin C Maki, Orsolya M Palacios, Emily Lindner, Kristin M Nieman, Marjorie Bell, Jennifer Sorce
Background: Hypertriglyceridemia is a common condition in the United States and is often associated with other metabolic disturbances, including insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and a predominance of small dense LDL particles.Objective: The objective of this trial was to evaluate the effects of a combination of egg protein (Epro) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) substituted for refined starches and added sugars on insulin sensitivity (primary outcome) and other cardiometabolic health markers in overweight or obese adults with elevated triglyceride (TG) concentrations...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504636/-eggs-do-not-increase-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-can-be-safely-consumed
#13
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Jørn Dyerberg, Steen Stender, Arne Astrup
Eggs are nutrient dense, rich in essential amino- and fatty acids, and the most cholesterol containing food. Based on observational studies the consumption of eggs has since the 1970's been claimed to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Intervention studies on intake of eggs and plasma cholesterol do however not support causality. The higher incidence of CVD in egg eaters is more likely to be caused by the clustering of other CVD risk factors. Up to seven eggs per week can safely be consumed but in patients with CVD or diabetes only with special emphasis on a prudent diet and proper medical treatment...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419309/influence-of-dietary-inclusion-of-untreated-or-heat-treated-jatropha-meal-on-productive-and-reproductive-performances-and-biochemical-blood-parameters-of-laying-japanese-quail
#14
M E Abd El-Hack, M Alagawany, S A A El-Sayed, J Fowler
Jatropha meal (JM) has been characterized as a potential animal feedstuff due to its high crude protein content and high levels of essential amino acids. However, it contains anti-nutritive and toxic compounds that may hinder its use. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a dietary inclusion of raw Jatropha meal (RJM) and heat-treated Jatropha meal on the growth and production of laying Japanese quail using productive, reproductive, and biochemical blood parameters. A total number of 180 mature Japanese quail at 2 months of age (120 females and 60 males) was randomly divided into 4 treatment groups: control (0% JM); 3...
April 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382894/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-serum-lipids-apo-and-c-reactive-protein-in-an-adult-population-evidence-from-a-multi-city-cohort-in-south-america
#15
Rosana Poggio, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
Several previous epidemiological studies from developed countries have shown that an unhealthy dietary pattern affects plasma lipid levels and inflammation biomarkers. We assessed the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors among 961 adults from a multi-city cohort in South America. We conducted a principal component analysis to derive dietary patterns. As outcomes, we examined plasma levels of apo A-I, apo B, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), LDL-, HDL- and serum total cholesterol and TAG...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374891/short-term-hypoxia-reverses-ox-ldl-induced-cd36-and-glut4-switching-metabolic-pathways-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblast-cells
#16
Yeh-Peng Chen, Hsi-Hsien Hsu, Rathinasamy Baskaran, Su-Ying Wen, Chia-Yao Shen, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Tsung-Jung Ho, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
High levels of circulating low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) are associated with type 2 diabetes, arteriosclerosis, obesity and hyperlipidemia. In the heart, the accumulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been proposed to play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. We obtain cholesterol from animals and animal-derived foods such as milk, eggs and cheese. In previous studies, the ratio of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was shown to be important for our health...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359773/impact-of-egg-consumption-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-at-risk-for-developing-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-nutritional-intervention-studies
#17
REVIEW
Caroline Richard, Lisa Cristall, Emily Fleming, Erin D Lewis, Maria Ricupero, René L Jacobs, Catherine J Field
Observational studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the relationship between egg consumption (and dietary cholesterol) and the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in individuals with type 2 diabetes, which has led to inconsistent recommendations to patients. We reviewed the evidence of egg consumption on major CVD risk factors in individuals with or at risk for type 2 diabetes (prediabetes, insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome). We performed a systematic search in the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science in January 2016...
March 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359368/egg-consumption-and-heart-health-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Zachary S Clayton, Elizabeth Fusco, Mark Kern
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Until recently, reducing dietary cholesterol has been a part of the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines on lifestyle management, despite inconclusive evidence to support the recommendation. Considering eggs are a rich source of dietary cholesterol (typically containing 141-234 mg per egg), individuals with increased risk for CVD are advised not to consume eggs. Furthermore, based on the 2012 AHA/ACC guidelines, individuals with lower risk for CVD have previously been advised to avoid consuming eggs due to the high content of dietary cholesterol...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344488/direct-and-enhanced-delivery-of-nanoliposomes-of-anti-schizophrenic-agent-to-the-brain-through-nasal-route
#19
Pratik Upadhyay, Jatin Trivedi, Kilambi Pundarikakshudu, Navin Sheth
The problem of inadequate oral bioavailability of Quetiapine Fumarate, a lipophilic drug used for schizophrenia, due to hepatic metabolism and repulsion by brain barrier was attempted in this study. Combination of two approaches, viz. Quetiapine inclusion into the liposomal carrier for better diffusion and administration through nasal route to avoid hepatic metabolism and barrier elimination was applied. Thin film hydration followed by sonication method was employed in liposome preparation and the formulation was optimized using 3(2) full factorial design...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344128/high-sucrose-induced-maternal-obesity-disrupts-ovarian-function-and-decreases-fertility-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#20
Rita T Brookheart, Alison R Swearingen, Christina A Collins, Laura M Cline, Jennifer G Duncan
As the obesity epidemic worsens, the prevalence of maternal obesity is expected to rise. Both high-fat and high-sucrose diets are known to promote maternal obesity and several studies have elucidated the molecular influence of high-fat feeding on female reproduction. However, to date, the molecular impact of a high-sucrose diet on maternal obesity remains to be investigated. Using our previously reported Drosophila high-sucrose maternal obesity model, we sought to determine how excess dietary sucrose impacted the ovary...
March 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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