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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990706/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-organic-zinc-on-laying-performance-egg-quality-and-some-biochemical-parameters-of-laying-hens
#1
M E Abd El-Hack, M Alagawany, S A Amer, M Arif, K M M Wahdan, M S El-Kholy
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of zinc methionine (Zn-Met) supplementation on the performance, egg quality, antioxidant status and some biochemical parameters of blood serum in laying hens from 22 to 34 weeks of age. A total of 120 Hisex Brown laying hens of 22-week-old were randomly allocated into five treatments with six cage replicates for each (four hens/replicate). Dietary treatments consisted of the basal diet with no Zn-Met supplementation (control group) and basal diet supplemented with 25, 50, 75 or 100 mg Zn-Met/kg diet...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990277/the-efficacy-of-using-exogenous-enzymes-cocktail-on-production-egg-quality-egg-nutrients-and-blood-metabolites-of-laying-hens-fed-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles
#2
M E Abd El-Hack, M T Chaudhry, K M Mahrose, A Noreldin, M Emam, M Alagawany
An experiment was performed using 120 Hisex Brown laying hens for evaluating the effects of different inclusion levels of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as a replacement of soybean meal (SBM) with or without enzyme cocktail on performance, egg quality, egg nutrients and blood metabolites in laying hens through 22-42 weeks of age. A 4 × 2 factorial design experiment was performed including four substitution levels of DDGS (0, 250, 500 and 750 g/kg respectively) and two enzyme cocktail levels (0 and 250 mg/kg diet)...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969694/serum-phospholipid-fatty-acids-dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-among-urban-ghanaians
#3
Franziska Jannasch, George Bedu-Addo, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
BACKGROUND: Previously, a "purchase" pattern (rich in vegetable oil, manufactured foods, red meat and poultry, fruits, and vegetables) was identified among adults in urban Ghana and was inversely associated with T2D, while a "traditional" pattern (rich in fish, palm oil, plantain, green-leafy vegetables, beans, garden egg, fermented maize products,) increased the odds of T2D. To investigate, if specific fatty acids (FAs), partly reflecting the intakes of certain food groups and cooking methods, might explain the observed diet-disease relationships, serum phospholipid fatty acid profiles were characterized and their relationships with blood lipids that are common risk factors for T2D were analyzed...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967226/effect-of-ingredients-on-rheological-physico-sensory-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-enriched-eggless-cake
#4
N Abhay Kumar, U J S Prasada Rao, T Jeyarani, D Indrani
The effect of defatted soya flour (DS), flax seed powder (FS) in combination (DSFS) with emulsifiers such as glycerol monostearate, GMS (DSFSG) and sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate, SSL (DSFSS) on the rheological, physico-sensory, protein subunit composition by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), fatty acid profile, and nutritional characteristics of eggless cake was studied. Use of DSFS, DSFSG, and DSFSS increased the amylograph peak viscosity, hot and cold paste viscosities similar to the egg...
October 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954389/diosgenin-a-phytosterol-substitute-for-cholesterol-prolongs-the-lifespan-and-mitigates-glucose-toxicity-via-daf-16-foxo-and-gst-4-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#5
Govindan Shanmugam, Amirthalingam Mohankumar, Duraisamy Kalaiselvi, Sundararaj Nivitha, Easwaran Murugesh, Piramanayagam Shanmughavel, Palanisamy Sundararaj
Caenorhabditis elegans is a sterol auxotroph requires minute amount of exogenous sterol for their growth and development. To culture the C. elegans, cholesterol was given as sterol molecule to maintain the optimum survival of worms. Diosgenin (DG), a plant derived steroidal saponin, structurally similar to cholesterol has been used as a precursor for the synthesis of steroidal hormones. In this study, worms were cultured with cholesterol (Cho(+)) and cholesterol-free (Cho(-)) medium with DG (5, 10 and 50μg/mL) at 20°C...
September 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952608/egg-consumption-cardiovascular-diseases-and-type-2-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
N R W Geiker, M Lytken Larsen, J Dyerberg, S Stender, A Astrup
Eggs are rich in nutrients and a source of essential fatty- and amino acids, and the food item with highest cholesterol content. Since the 1970s dietary recommendations have advised limiting egg intake to 2-4 a week for the healthy population, and in those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) an even more restricted consumption. The aim of the present paper was to assess the recommendation to lower the dietary intake of cholesterol and especially the intake of egg to reduce the risk of CVD and T2D...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915027/structure-and-dynamics-of-membrane-proteins-and-membrane-associated-proteins-with-native-bicelles-from-eukaryotic-tissues
#7
Sean T Smrt, Adrian W Draney, Indira Singaram, Justin L Lorieau
In vitro studies of protein structure, function, and dynamics typically preclude the complex range of molecular interactions found in living tissues. In vivo studies elucidate these complex relationships, yet they are typically incompatible with the extensive and controlled biophysical experiments available in vitro. We present an alternative approach by extracting membranes from eukaryotic tissues to produce native bicelles to capture the rich and complex molecular environment of in vivo studies while retaining the advantages of in vitro experiments...
September 27, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899357/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-provides-clues-to-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-blue-green-eggshell-color-in-the-jinding-duck-anas-platyrhynchos
#8
Zhepeng Wang, Guohua Meng, Yun Bai, Ruifang Liu, Yu Du, Lihong Su
BACKGROUND: In birds, blue-green eggshell color (BGEC) is caused by biliverdin, a bile pigment derived from the degradation of heme and secreted in the eggshell by the shell gland. Functionally, BGEC might promote the paternal investment of males in the nest and eggs. However, little is known about its formation mechanisms. Jinding ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) are an ideal breed for research into the mechanisms, in which major birds lay BGEC eggs with minor individuals laying white eggs...
September 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880463/exploratory-and-descriptive-study-on-nutritional-characteristics-and-quality-of-eggs-from-chilean-partridge-nothoprocta-perdicaria
#9
José Luis Arias, Alberto Matthei, Carolina Valenzuela
This work aims to contribute more information on tinamou eggs by performing an exploratory and descriptive study of some of their nutritional and quality characteristics. The chemical composition of tinamou egg showed a high protein content in white (85% dry basis) and high lipid concentration in yolk (52% db). The iron (Fe) content in white was higher than hen egg (0.47 mg/100 g) and this could be associated with the observed pinkish color of the white. As in the hen egg, the major fatty acids in tinamou yolk were: oleic (39%), linoleic (23%) and palmitic (20%)...
September 7, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841164/dietary-cholesterol-in-the-elderly-chinese-population-an-analysis-of-cnhs-2010-2012
#10
Shao-Jie Pang, Shan-Shan Jia, Qing-Qing Man, Shuang Song, Yu-Qian Li, Peng-Kun Song, Wen-Hua Zhao, Jian Zhang
Dietary cholesterol intake increased dramatically over the past two decades in the elderly Chinese population. However, the nationwide dietary cholesterol intake and its related factors seldom been investigated. Based on data from 16,594 participants aged 60 years or older (49.0% male, 54.8% urban residents) from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNHS) 2010-2012, we aimed to describe the intake of cholesterol and major food contributions, as well as its association with serum cholesterol level and relationship with protein intake...
August 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820277/natural-phospholipids-occurrence-biosynthesis-separation-identification-and-beneficial-health-aspects
#11
Abdelmoneim H Ali, Xiaoqiang Zou, Sherif M Abed, Sameh A Korma, Qingzhe Jin, Xingguo Wang
During the last years, phospholipids (PLs) have attracted great attention because of their crucial roles in providing nutritional values, technological and medical applications. There are considerable proofs that PLs have unique nutritional benefits on human health, such as reducing cholesterol absorption, improving liver functions, and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. PLs are the main structural lipid components of cell and organelle membranes in all living organisms, and therefore, they occur in all organisms and the derived food products...
August 18, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817948/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-resveratrol-on-performance-egg-quality-yolk-cholesterol-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-of-laying-hens
#12
Z H Feng, J G Gong, G X Zhao, X Lin, Y C Liu, K W Ma
1. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of resveratrol on laying performance, egg quality, egg yolk cholesterol and antioxidant enzyme activities of laying hens. 2. A total of 360 Beijing PINK-1 laying hens (60 weeks old) were randomly distributed among five dietary treatments, each of which included 6 replicates of 12 hens. Dietary treatments were basal diet supplemented with 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 g/kg diet resveratrol. The study lasted for 9 weeks including 1 week of adaptation and 8 weeks of the main experimental period...
September 4, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814309/performance-biochemical-and-haematological-responses-and-relative-organ-weights-of-laying-hens-fed-diets-supplemented-with-prebiotic-probiotic-and-synbiotic
#13
Shirley Gee Hoon Tang, Chin Chin Sieo, Kalavathy Ramasamy, Wan Zuhainis Saad, Hee Kum Wong, Yin Wan Ho
BACKGROUND: The increasing trend of ban on the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) across the globe in the poultry industry has led to a growing need for alternatives to AGPs. Prebiotic, probiotic and their combination as a synbiotic have been considered as potential alternatives. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO), a probiotic (PrimaLac®), and their combination (synbiotic) on hen performance, biochemical and haematological responses, and relative organ weights from 20 to 52 weeks of age...
August 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804244/development-of-new-contrast-agents-for-imaging-function-and-metabolism-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Alexandra Carvalho, M Clara Gonçalves, M Luísa Corvo, M Bárbara F Martins
Liposomes are interesting nanosystems with a wide range of medical application. One particular application is their ability to enhance contrast in magnetic resonance images; when properly loaded with magnetic/superparamagnetic nanoparticles, this means to act as contrast agents. The design of liposomes loaded with magnetic particles, magnetoliposomes, presents a large number of possibilities depending on the application from image function to metabolism. More interesting is its double function application as theranostics (diagnostics and therapy)...
2017: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792482/association-and-interaction-effect-of-agtr1-and-agtr2-gene-polymorphisms-with-dietary-pattern-on-metabolic-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-malaysian-adults
#15
Roseline Wai Kuan Yap, Yoshihiro Shidoji, Wai Sum Yap, Motofumi Masaki
Gene-diet interaction using a multifactorial approach is preferred to study the multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study examined the association and gene-diet interaction effects of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) gene (rs5186), and type 2 receptor (AGTR2) gene (rs1403543) polymorphisms on metabolic risk factors of CVD in Malaysian adults. CVD parameters (BMI, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and TC/HDL-C ratio), and constructed dietary patterns "vegetables, fruits, and soy diet" (VFSD), and "rice, egg, and fish diet" (REFD) were obtained from previous studies...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728393/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-detoxified-rhus-verniciflua-sap-on-egg-production-yolk-lipid-and-intestinal-microflora-in-laying-hens
#16
Byoung-Ki An, Je-Hun Kim, Lan Zheng, Byung-Hern Moon, Kyung-Woo Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary detoxified Rhus verniciflua sap (RVS) on production performance, egg quality, lipid fractions of egg yolk, liver and serum, and the profile of cecal microflora in laying hens. Methods: Two hundred 52-week-old Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 5 replicates per group (2 hens per cage, 5 cages per replicate) and were provided with one of 4 experimental diets containing 0, 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682120/comparison-of-the-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-flavonoids-on-laying-hen-performance-egg-quality-and-egg-nutrient-profile
#17
H Iskender, G Yenice, E Dokumacioglu, O Kaynar, A Hayirli, A Kaya
1. The aim of this experiment was to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of hesperidin, naringin and quercetin on laying hen performance, egg quality and egg yolk lipid and protein profiles. 2. A total of 96 Lohmann White laying hens weighing an average of 1500 g at 28 weeks of age were randomly assigned to a basal diet and the basal diet supplemented (0.5 g/kg) with either hesperidin, naringin or quercetin. Each treatment was replicated in 6 cages in an 8-week experimental period. Data were analysed using one-way analysis of variance...
September 25, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673458/performance-endoparasitary-control-and-blood-values-of-ewes-locally-adapted-in-semiarid-region
#18
Josiel Borges Ferreira, Ana Carla Diógenes Suassuna Bezerra, Magda Maria Guilhermino, Jacinara Hody Gurgel Morais Leite, Wilma Emanuela da Silva, Renato Diógenes Macedo Paiva, Tallysson Nogueira Barbosa, José Ernandes Rufino de Sousa, Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha
This study evaluated the variation in the prevalence of endoparasitoses and their impact on body condition and blood values of sheep of the Morada Nova breed. A total of 138 ewes were examined for their morphology (body weight, BW; body condition score, BCS), parasitology (faecal egg count, FEC; Famacha© score; coproculture), hematology (red blood cell count,RBC); hemoglobin concentration, HE; packet cell volume, PCV; mean corpuscular volume, MCV,; mean corpuscular hemoglobin, MCH; mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCHC; leukocytes, WBC) and serum biochemistry (glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, urea, creatinine, total protein, albumin, globulin, AST and ALT)...
June 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671590/egg-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-health-examinees-study
#19
Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Claire E Kim, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang-Ah Lee, Daehee Kang
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of metabolic alterations such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, elevated fasting glucose, and hypertension. Studies on the association between egg consumption and MetS are limited and inconsistent. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association of egg consumption with MetS among Korean adults aged 40-69 years. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659302/higher-dietary-cholesterol-and-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-intakes-are-associated-with-a-lower-success-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy-in-japan
#20
Hiroaki Ikezaki, Norihiro Furusyo, Paul F Jacques, Motohiro Shimizu, Masayuki Murata, Ernst J Schaefer, Yoshihisa Urita, Jun Hayashi
Background:Helicobacter pylori infection is a known risk factor for duodenal ulcers, gastritis, and gastric cancer. The eradication of H. pylori is successful in treating these disorders; however, the success rate of eradication therapy is declining. There may be an interaction with nutrient intake to account for this decline.Objective: We investigated the influence of food and nutrient intake on H. pylori eradication therapy.Design: In this study, 4014 subjects underwent endoscopy, were tested for serum antibodies to H...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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