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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820277/natural-phospholipids-occurrence-biosynthesis-separation-identification-and-beneficial-health-aspects
#1
Abdelmoneim H Ali, Xiaoqiang Zou, Sherif M Abed, Sameh A Korma, Qingzhe Jin, Xingguo Wang
During the last years, phospholipids (PLs) have attracted great attention because of their crucial roles in providing nutritional values, technological and medical applications. There are considerable proofs that PLs have unique nutritional benefits on human health, such as reducing cholesterol absorption, improving liver functions, and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. PLs are the main structural lipid components of cell and organelle membranes in all living organisms, and therefore, they occur in all organisms and the derived food products...
August 18, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817948/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-resveratrol-on-performance-egg-quality-yolk-cholesterol-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-of-laying-hens
#2
Z H Feng, J G Gong, G X Zhao, X Lin, Y C Liu, K W Ma
1. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of resveratrol on laying performance, egg quality, egg yolk cholesterol and antioxidant enzyme activities of laying hens. 2. A total of 360 Beijing PINK-1 laying hens (60 weeks old) were randomly distributed among 5 dietary treatments, each of which included 6 replicates of 12 hens. Dietary treatments were basal diet supplemented with 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 g/kg diet resveratrol. The study lasted for 9 weeks including 1 week of adaptation and 8 weeks of the main experimental period...
August 18, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814309/performance-biochemical-and-haematological-responses-and-relative-organ-weights-of-laying-hens-fed-diets-supplemented-with-prebiotic-probiotic-and-synbiotic
#3
Shirley Gee Hoon Tang, Chin Chin Sieo, Kalavathy Ramasamy, Wan Zuhainis Saad, Hee Kum Wong, Yin Wan Ho
BACKGROUND: The increasing trend of ban on the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) across the globe in the poultry industry has led to a growing need for alternatives to AGPs. Prebiotic, probiotic and their combination as a synbiotic have been considered as potential alternatives. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO), a probiotic (PrimaLac®), and their combination (synbiotic) on hen performance, biochemical and haematological responses, and relative organ weights from 20 to 52 weeks of age...
August 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804244/development-of-new-contrast-agents-for-imaging-function-and-metabolism-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Alexandra Carvalho, M Clara Gonçalves, M Luísa Corvo, M Bárbara F Martins
Liposomes are interesting nanosystems with a wide range of medical application. One particular application is their ability to enhance contrast in magnetic resonance images; when properly loaded with magnetic/superparamagnetic nanoparticles, this means to act as contrast agents. The design of liposomes loaded with magnetic particles, magnetoliposomes, presents a large number of possibilities depending on the application from image function to metabolism. More interesting is its double function application as theranostics (diagnostics and therapy)...
2017: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792482/association-and-interaction-effect-of-agtr1-and-agtr2-gene-polymorphisms-with-dietary-pattern-on-metabolic-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-malaysian-adults
#5
Roseline Wai Kuan Yap, Yoshihiro Shidoji, Wai Sum Yap, Motofumi Masaki
Gene-diet interaction using a multifactorial approach is preferred to study the multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study examined the association and gene-diet interaction effects of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) gene (rs5186), and type 2 receptor (AGTR2) gene (rs1403543) polymorphisms on metabolic risk factors of CVD in Malaysian adults. CVD parameters (BMI, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and TC/HDL-C ratio), and constructed dietary patterns "vegetables, fruits, and soy diet" (VFSD), and "rice, egg, and fish diet" (REFD) were obtained from previous studies...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728393/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-detoxified-rhus-verniciflua-sap-on-egg-production-yolk-lipid-and-intestinal-microflora-in-laying-hens
#6
Byoung-Ki An, Je-Hun Kim, Lan Zheng, Byung-Hern Moon, Kyung-Woo Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary detoxified Rhus verniciflua sap (RVS) on production performance, egg quality, lipid fractions of egg yolk, liver and serum, and the profile of cecal microflora in laying hens. Methods: Two hundred 52-week-old Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 5 replicates per group (2 hens per cage, 5 cages per replicate) and were provided with one of 4 experimental diets containing 0, 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682120/comparison-of-the-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-flavonoids-on-laying-hen-performance-egg-quality-and-egg-nutrient-profile
#7
H Iskender, G Yenice, E Dokumacioglu, O Kaynar, A Hayırlı, A Kaya
1. The aim of this experiment was to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of hesperidin, naringin and quercetin on laying hen performance, egg quality and egg yolk lipid and protein profiles. A total of 96 Lohmann White laying hens weighing an average of 1500 g at 28 weeks of age were randomly assigned to a basal diet and the basal diet supplemented (0.5 g/kg) with either hesperidin, naringin or quercetin. Each treatment was replicated in 6 cages in an 8-week experimental period. Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA...
July 6, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673458/performance-endoparasitary-control-and-blood-values-of-ewes-locally-adapted-in-semiarid-region
#8
Josiel Borges Ferreira, Ana Carla Diógenes Suassuna Bezerra, Magda Maria Guilhermino, Jacinara Hody Gurgel Morais Leite, Wilma Emanuela da Silva, Renato Diógenes Macedo Paiva, Tallysson Nogueira Barbosa, José Ernandes Rufino de Sousa, Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha
This study evaluated the variation in the prevalence of endoparasitoses and their impact on body condition and blood values of sheep of the Morada Nova breed. A total of 138 ewes were examined for their morphology (body weight, BW; body condition score, BCS), parasitology (faecal egg count, FEC; Famacha© score; coproculture), hematology (red blood cell count,RBC); hemoglobin concentration, HE; packet cell volume, PCV; mean corpuscular volume, MCV,; mean corpuscular hemoglobin, MCH; mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCHC; leukocytes, WBC) and serum biochemistry (glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, urea, creatinine, total protein, albumin, globulin, AST and ALT)...
June 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671590/egg-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-health-examinees-study
#9
Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Claire E Kim, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang-Ah Lee, Daehee Kang
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of metabolic alterations such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, elevated fasting glucose, and hypertension. Studies on the association between egg consumption and MetS are limited and inconsistent. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association of egg consumption with MetS among Korean adults aged 40-69 years. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659302/higher-dietary-cholesterol-and-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-intakes-are-associated-with-a-lower-success-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy-in-japan
#10
Hiroaki Ikezaki, Norihiro Furusyo, Paul F Jacques, Motohiro Shimizu, Masayuki Murata, Ernst J Schaefer, Yoshihisa Urita, Jun Hayashi
Background:Helicobacter pylori infection is a known risk factor for duodenal ulcers, gastritis, and gastric cancer. The eradication of H. pylori is successful in treating these disorders; however, the success rate of eradication therapy is declining. There may be an interaction with nutrient intake to account for this decline.Objective: We investigated the influence of food and nutrient intake on H. pylori eradication therapy.Design: In this study, 4014 subjects underwent endoscopy, were tested for serum antibodies to H...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652532/eicosapentaenoic-acid-enriched-high-density-lipoproteins-exhibit-anti-atherogenic-properties
#11
Nobuaki Tanaka, Yasuhiro Irino, Masakazu Shinohara, Shigeyasu Tsuda, Takeshige Mori, Manabu Nagao, Toshihiko Oshita, Kenta Mori, Tetsuya Hara, Ryuji Toh, Tatsuro Ishida, Ken-Ichi Hirata
BACKGROUND: It has previously been reported that oral administration of purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) generates EPA-rich high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles with a variety of anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, the mechanism underlying the anti-atherogenic effects of EPA-rich HDL using reconstituted HDL (rHDL) was investigated.Methods and Results:rHDL was generated by the sodium cholate dialysis method, using apolipoprotein A-1 protein, cholesterol, and various concentrations of EPA-phosphatidylcholine (PC) or egg-PC...
June 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-lifestyle-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#12
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608638/effect-of-different-levels-of-copper-nanoparticles-and-copper-sulphate-on-performance-metabolism-and-blood-biochemical-profiles-in-broiler-chicken
#13
A Scott, K P Vadalasetty, M Łukasiewicz, S Jaworski, M Wierzbicki, A Chwalibog, E Sawosz
A study was conducted to investigate the influence of copper administration in ovo to chicken embryos and/or supplied in drinking water to growing chickens in the form copper nanoparticles (Cu-NP) or copper sulphate (CuSO4 ). The fertilised eggs were assigned to three groups (n = 50 per group): control (not injected), injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP or with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 at day 1 of incubation. Thereafter, 126 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to seven post-hatched groups: control not injected and not provided with Cu in the drinking water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg Cu-NP in water, injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4  + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg CuSO4 in water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP and injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608581/effects-of-milk-thistle-meal-on-performance-ileal-bacterial-enumeration-jejunal-morphology-and-blood-lipid-peroxidation-in-laying-hens-fed-diets-with-different-levels-of-metabolizable-energy
#14
N S Hashemi Jabali, A H Mahdavi, S Ansari Mahyari, M Sedghi, R Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of milk thistle meal on performance, blood biochemical indices, ileal bacterial counts and intestinal histology in laying hens fed diets containing different levels of metabolizable energy. A total number of 200 Leghorn laying hens (Hy-Line W-36) were randomly assigned to eight experimental treatments with five cage replicates of five birds each. Dietary treatments consisted of four levels of milk thistle meal (0%, 15%, 30% and 60%) and two levels of AMEn (11...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608538/effects-of-dietary-red-yeast-sporidiobolus-pararoseus-on-production-performance-and-egg-quality-of-laying-hens
#15
W Tapingkae, K Panyachai, M Yachai, H V Doan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary red yeast (Sporidiobolus pararoseus) on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. A total of 200 Esa Brown laying hens (23 weeks of age) were allocated equally to negative control group (no yeast supplement); positive control group (2 g/kg of Saccharomyces cerevisiae); 0.5, 1, 2 g/kg red yeast respectively. The experiment was lasted for 12 weeks. Feed intake, hen-day egg production and egg weight were not different between control and supplemented groups...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587342/experimental-study-of-the-anti-atherosclerotic-effect-of-demethylzeylasteral
#16
Ying Huang, Shaofeng Wang, Chunya Zhang, Zhiqing Xu, Jinghua Shen, Xiaogang Du, Huanhua Zhang, Kangjian Zhang, Daifu Zhang
This study aimed to confirm that atherosclerosis (AS) is a systemic immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease and to investigate the anti-atherosclerotic effect of demethylzeylasteral by testing the immunocompetent cells and inflammatory mediators in the blood and atherosclerotic plaques of the rabbit model of AS. For this purpose, 60 male New Zealand white rabbits were given 150 g high-fat diet (1% cholesterol, 5% lard, and 15% egg yolk powder) daily for a total of 90 days. On day 61, the rabbits were randomly divided into the saline group (n=15), the rosuvastatin group (n=15), the low-dose demethylzeylasteral group (n=15), and the high-dose demethylzeylasteral group (n=15)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558718/lactic-fermented-egg-white-reduced-serum-cholesterol-concentrations-in-mildly-hypercholesterolemic-japanese-men-a-double-blind-parallel-arm-design
#17
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Mika Usuda, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: Lactic-fermented egg white (LE), produced by lactic acid fermentation of egg white, is an easy-to-consume form of egg white. Here we assessed the effect of daily consumption of LE for 8 weeks on serum total cholesterol (TC) levels. METHODS: The study followed a double-blind, parallel-arm design and included 88 adult men with mild hypercholesterolemia (mean ± standard error) serum TC levels, 229 ± 1.6 mg/dL; range, 204-259 mg/dL). The subjects were randomly divided into three groups, which consumed LE containing 4, 6, or 8 g of protein daily for 8 weeks...
May 30, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556199/isolation-of-egg-yolk-granules-as-low-cholesterol-emulsifying-agent-in-mayonnaise
#18
Hollman Motta-Romero, Zhong Zhang, An Tien Nguyen, Vicki Schlegel, Yue Zhang
Egg yolk is an essential ingredient for many food products due to its excellent functional properties such as emulsification. However, the consumers' concern of its cholesterol level has led food industry to seek solutions for its replacement. Utilization of low-fat egg yolk granules as emulsifier can be an alternative strategy. In this study, granules with low cholesterol content were separated from egg yolk by a simple method under easily scalable centrifugal conditions. The egg yolk granules isolated within 0...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535107/egg-consumption-associated-with-increased-concentration-of-serum-total-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-prospective-randomized-controlled-trials-thereby-possibly-associating-with-atherosclerosis-from-a-view-of-cardiologists
#19
Cheng-Wei Liu, Tzu-Chiao Lin, Guo-Shiang Tseng, Shyi-Shiaw Jiau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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