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eggs cholesterol

Sindhu Doppalapudi, Anjali Jain, Dhiraj Kumar Chopra, Wahid Khan
Psoralen in combination with ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) is an FDA recommended therapy for clinical application in the management of severe recalcitrant psoriasis. Psoralen acts by intercalation of DNA and upon exposure to UV-A, it forms monoadducts which inturn induce apoptosis. Poor skin deposition, weak percutaneous permeability of psoralen and adverse effects of severe burning, blisters, pigmentation associated with conventional topical psoralen vehicles hinders the therapeutic efficacy and safety of topical PUVA...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Khalid Mahrose, Ali A Askar, Mahmoud Alagawany, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Saeed, Farzana Abbasi, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Maria Tabassum Chaudhry
A study was conducted using 162 Bovans laying hens to investigate the impacts of extra dietary vitamin A (0, 8000, 16,000 IU/kg), selenium (0, 0.25, 0.50 mg/kg), and their combinations on the performance, egg quality, and blood biological parameters of laying hens during summer months. Supplemental vitamin A up to 16,000 IU/kg diet significantly (P < 0.05) improved all productive traits studied except feed intake which increased with 8000 IU/kg diet compared with control. Feed intake and feed conversion of hens fed diet supplemented with selenium revealed high statistical (P = 0...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Agatha Tanya, Carine Tchankou, Judith Ngondi, Julius Oben
BACKGROUND: Quail eggs as a food item have recently been introduced into the diet of some Cameroonians. These eggs are being sold in local markets, but with many unfounded health claims. One claim is that quail eggs can reduce blood glucose levels in diabetics. It was therefore necessary to evaluate the effect of consuming quail eggs on blood glucose levels, lipid profiles, and oxidative stress parameters in diabetes-induced rats. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats weighing, on average, 250 g were divided into four groups of five rats each...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Keyvan Aminoroaya, Ali Asghar Sadeghi, Zarbakht Ansari-Pirsaraei, Nasser Kashan
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cyclical lower incubation temperature at different embryonic ages on the hatchability, body and organs weights, thyroid hormones, and liver HSP70 gene expression of newly hatched chicks. In a completely randomized design, fertile eggs of a broiler breeder (34 weeks of age) were assigned to three treatment groups with six replicates and 145 eggs per each. The treatment groups were as: control group (C) that eggs were incubated at 37.6°C during the whole incubation period; incubation temperature was decreased to 36°C for 3h per day at embryonic age from 12 to 14 (T1); and incubation temperature was decreased to 36°C for 3h per day at embryonic age from 15 to 17 (T2)...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Dominik D Alexander, Paula E Miller, Ashley J Vargas, Douglas L Weed, Sarah S Cohen
The possible relationship between dietary cholesterol and cardiac outcomes has been scrutinized for decades. However, recent reviews of the literature have suggested that dietary cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of egg intake (a significant contributor to dietary cholesterol) and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. A comprehensive literature search was conducted through August 2015 to identify prospective cohort studies that reported risk estimates for egg consumption in association with CHD or stroke...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Xue Du, Yali Liu, Lizhi Lu, Weiqun Wang, Tao Zeng, Yong Tian, Xiaoqin Xu, Jianliang Shen, Dong Niu, Yingru Lu
The effects of different dietary fats with variable levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on egg quality of Shan Partridge Duck, serum, and yolk lipid parameters were examined in this study. A flock of 585 optimal produced ducks were selected and diets enriched with 0.5%, 1%, or 2% fish oil (F)/flaxseed oil (FL)/rapeseed oil (R)/tallow (T) plus basal diet were supplied through a 28-d period. Supplemental fat source and fat level had no effects on egg qualities. Proportions of yolk total cholesterol (TC), saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) were reduced (P < 0...
September 24, 2016: Poultry Science
S Minieri, A Buccioni, A Serra, I Galigani, A Pezzati, S Rapaccini, M Antongiovanni
The trial was performed with 80 laying hens belonging to two Tuscan autochthonous breeds: 40 birds of the Mugellese breed (MU) and 40 of the White Leghorn breed (WL). The animals were allotted to 4 groups of 20 hens each: two groups were fed on a commercial diet and worked as the control groups (MUC and WLC); the other two groups received the same diet, integrated with 2 g of chestnut tannin extract per kg of diet (MUT and WLT). A sample of 70 eggs were randomly collected and analysed for cholesterol content, fatty acid profile, weight, thickness of shell and colour of yolk...
September 16, 2016: British Poultry Science
Michal Anděl, Ludmila Brunerová, Pavel Dlouhý, Jan Polák, Jan Gojda, Pavel Kraml
UNLABELLED: Recently, thousands of papers brought knowledge about effects of nutrients on cellular level, in experimental animals and in human experiments on one side, the results of epidemiological studies on the other side have suggested the nutrients and foods for healthy diet and nutrients and foods, which should be consumed only in limited amount. Among foods, which should be avoided, those with higher content of trans-fatty acids. Their daily intake should not exceed 1 % of total energy intake...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Elizabeth M S Schmidt, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, José J Cerón, Peter D Eckersall
BACKGROUND: Ancylostoma spp. is one of the most prevalent canine intestinal nematode infections which usually causes subclinical disease in adult dogs and has zoonotic implications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore and evaluate the possible pathophysiological changes that Ancylostoma spp. could produce in female dogs naturally infected but without clinical signs of disease, by screening a wide variety of biochemical markers for potential changes. Samples of feces and blood of 45 dogs were collected and fecal flotation and zinc sulphate centrifugal flotation were performed...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Stephen J Pandol, Jacqueline Porcel, Pengxiao C Wei, Lynne R Wilkens, Loïc Le Marchand, Malcolm C Pike, Kristine R Monroe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pancreatitis is a source of substantial morbidity and health cost in the United States. Little is known about how diet might contribute to its pathogenesis. To characterize dietary factors that are associated with risk of pancreatitis by disease subtype, we conducted a prospective analysis of 145,886 African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites in the Multiethnic Cohort. METHODS: In the Multiethnic Cohort (age at baseline, 45-75 y), we identified cases of pancreatitis using hospitalization claim files from 1993 through 2012...
September 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hui Zhang, Xuemin Zhu, Jingjing Shen, Haiheng Xu, Min Ma, Wei Gu, Qiudong Jiang, Jun Chen, Jinao Duan
A prerequisite for successful transdermal or dermal drug therapy is the drug ability to penetration through the skin, especially stratum corneum (SC). The most acceptable technique for measuring skin permeation in vitro is the application of both the Franz diffusion cell device and the skin model. As the skin model, a liposome-based artificial skin membrane (LASM) consisting of tight layers of liposomes immobilized on a filter was prepared and characterized. Using porcine ear skin, rat skin and Strat-M(TM) artificial membrane as control, the LASM was then evaluated in permeation studies with five active compounds, i...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Khalid Mahrose, Mohammed Elsayed, Hamdy Basuony, Nour Gouda
Effects of radiating ostrich eggs before incubation on hatchability, growth performance, and some blood components of ostrich chicks were studied. 72 ostrich eggs were randomly distributed into four groups. The first group was kept without exposure to gamma radiation (control). The 2nd, 3rd, and 4th groups were exposed to 0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 Gy, respectively, of (60)Co gamma rays just before incubation. Total bacterial counts (×10(3) CFU) were significantly increased with the increase in gamma radiation levels before incubation...
August 31, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
M J Thompson, J A Svoboda, M F Feldlaufer, R Lozano
To determine the precursors and the fate of 26-hydroxyecdysone in eggs, the fate of labeled putative ecdysteroid precursors was examined in the tobacco hornworm,Manduca sexta. Following injection of [(14)C]cholesterol, 22,25[(14)C]dideoxyecdysome or [(3)H]ecdysone into female pupae (day 16), only [(14)C]cholesterol was incorporated and metabolized. It was converted to labeled nonecdysteroid and ecdysteroid conjugates, of which the latter in ovaries and 48- to 64-hr-old eggs is mainly 26-hydroxyecdysone 26-phosphate (>85% in ovaries)...
January 1986: Lipids
Xiaofang Jia, Chang Su, Zhihong Wang, Huijun Wang, Hongru Jiang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate daily cholesterol intake across demographic factors and its food sources in elderly Chinese. DESIGN: A longitudinal study was conducted using demographic and dietary data for elders aged 60 and above from eight waves (1991-2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. SETTING: The data were derived from urban and rural communities of nine provinces (autonomous regions) in China. PARTICIPANTS: There were 16 274 participants (7657 male and 8617 female) in this study...
2016: BMJ Open
Jiguo Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Huijun Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Xiaofang Jia, Feifei Huang, Fengying Zhai, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify dietary patterns and explore their associations with blood lipid profiles among Chinese women. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, we identified dietary patterns using principal component analysis of data from three consecutive 24 h dietary recalls. The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) collected blood samples in the morning after an overnight fast and measured total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) and TAG...
July 29, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
J Díez-Espino, F J Basterra-Gortari, J Salas-Salvadó, P Buil-Cosiales, D Corella, H Schröder, R Estruch, E Ros, E Gómez-Gracia, F Arós, M Fiol, J Lapetra, L Serra-Majem, X Pintó, N Babio, L Quiles, M Fito, A Marti, E Toledo
BACKGROUND: Eggs are a major source of dietary cholesterol and their consumption has been sometimes discouraged. A relationship between egg consumption and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been suggested to be present exclusively among patients with type2 diabetes. AIMS: To assess the association between egg consumption and CVD in a large Mediterranean cohort where approximately 50% of participants had type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We prospectively followed 7216 participants (55-80 years old) at high cardiovascular risk from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) study for a mean of 5...
June 29, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Catherine Chidinma Ikewuchi
The effects of an aqueous extract of the leaves of Sansevieria senegambica on daily weight gain, lipid profile and atherogenic indices of rats fed egg yolk supplemented diet was studied. The control group was given normal feed while the other three groups received 50 g egg yolk/kg feed. The extract was orally administered daily at 150 and 200 mg/kg body weight; while the test control and control groups received appropriate volumes of water by the same route. On gas chromatographic analysis of the aqueous crude extract, the phytosterol and tannins fractions contained 100 % of β-sitosterol and tannic acid respectively...
2012: EXCLI journal
R O Pinho, D M A Lima, H H Shiomi, J B Siqueira, C O Silveira, V R Faria, P S Lopes, S E F Guimarães, J D Guimarães
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cyclodextrin-loaded cholesterol conjugates addition to freezing extenders on plasma membrane viability of frozen-thawed spermatozoa of the Piau swine breed. Twenty semen samples were used from five males. The freezing extender was based on lactose-egg yolk extender, added to 2% glycerol, 3% dimethylacetamide. The addition of cyclodextrin-loaded cholesterol conjugates was performed after centrifugation, when semen was diluted with the cooling extender...
August 2016: Cryobiology
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Marta Herman, Ewa Starostecka
The aim of this article is to show current knowledge concerning valuable substances biologically active present in hen eggs and underline important nutritive role of hen eggs. Hen egg is a good source of nutrients such as proteins, vitamins (A, B2, B6, B12, D, E, K), minerals and lipids. The significant part of lipids is a group of unsaturated phospholipids, which are components of cell membranes, act protectively on the cardiovascular system and contribute to a decrease of cholesterol level and blood pressure...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Mohan Vimaladevi, Kurunchi Chellapathi Divya, Agnishwar Girigoswami
The antimicrobial photodynamic therapy is an alternative method for killing bacterial cells in view of the rising problem of antibiotic resistance microorganisms. The present study examined the effect of a water soluble photosensitizer, Rhodamine 6G (R6G) in stealth liposomes on multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the presence of visible light. Liposomes were prepared with cholesterol and phospholipids that extracted from hen eggs in a cost effective way and characterized by light microscopy, particle size analyzer, electron microscopy, steady state spectrophotometry and spectrofluorometry...
September 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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