Read by QxMD icon Read

procalcitonin sepsis

Yi-Kun Chen, Ying-Kun Xu, Hao Zhang, Jiang-Tao Yin, Xin Fan, Da-Dong Liu, Hai-Yan Fu, Bing Wan
Emodin is an anthraquinone derived from Chinese herb that exerts anti-inflammation effects. This study aimed to investigate whether emodin provides the protection for jejunum injury by inhibiting inflammation. We established a model of sepsis caused by cecal ligation and puncture. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=12). Jejunum injury was assessed by pathological examination. The activity of pJAK1/pSTAT3 and protein levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blot analysis. Inflammatory factors IL-6, TNF-α and procalcitonin were detected by ELISA...
October 18, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Martin Rozanovic, Csaba Csontos, Lajos Bogár, Lívia Szélig, Tímea Bocskai, Patrícia Kovács, Marianna Matancic, Attila Miseta, Csaba Loibl
BACKGROUND: In polytrauma and burn injury Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) develops. SIRS is presented in many hospitalized patients, including those who never develop infection or sepsis. Both in SIRS and sepsis the leukocyte activation occurs. In acute phase reaction leukocytes' upward flotation i.e. leukocyte antisedimentation rate (LAR) can indicate infectious origin. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of LAR, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) levels regarding mortality risk and development of septic complications...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Yuji Watanabe, Nozomi Oikawa, Maya Hariu, Ryota Fuke, Masafumi Seki
Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein serve as biomarkers of infection in patients with sepsis/bacteremia. The present study assessed the clinical characteristics of 280 patients with suspected sepsis who were admitted to Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University Hospital between January 2012 and December 2013. Among the patients, 133 and 147 were positive and negative for PCT, respectively. Patients who were PCT positive were older and more frequently male, had reduced levels of platelets and albumin, and increased levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and C-reactive protein...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
C-M Chu, K-C Kao, S-H Huang, D-Y Chuang, H-P Wu
Severe sepsis is associated with significant mortality and massive immune cell lose, or apoptosis. It is unclear whether plasma apoptosis biomarkers could be used as a diagnostic test for severe sepsis. Forty patients with severe sepsis and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. The percentage and apoptosis of monocytes and lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometric analysis. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR), soluble Fas (sFas), Fas ligand (FasL), caspase-1, and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Olivia Oria de Rueda Salguero, José Beceiro Mosquera, Marta Barrionuevo González, María Jesús Ripalda Crespo, Cristina Olivas López de Soria
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Procalcitonin (PCT) in cord blood could provide a diagnosis of infected patients from birth. OBJECTIVE: To study the usefulness and safety of a procedure for the evaluation of newborns at risk of EONS, based on the determination of PCT in cord blood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Neonates with infectious risk factors, born in our hospital from October 2013 to January 2015 were included...
October 14, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Surendra K Sharma, Anunay Gupta, Ashutosh Biswas, Abhishek Sharma, Atul Malhotra, K T Prasad, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Sajal Ajmani, Hridesh Mishra, Manish Soneja, Shobha Broor
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common disorder in critically ill patients and is associated with high mortality. There is a paucity of literature on this condition from developing countries. This prospective observational study was designed to find out the aetiology, outcomes and predictors of mortality in ARDS. METHODS: Sixty four consecutive patients who satisfied American-European Consensus Conference (AECC) definition of ARDS from medical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India, were enrolled in the study...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Birsen Doğu, Nurhan Atilla, Gözde Yıldırım Çetin, Nezir Yılmaz, Hafize Öksüz
Drug-induced pulmonary disease is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who present with respiratory symptoms. We report a patient with RA who developed acute respiratory failure two weeks after the administration of abatacept. The clinical findings were consistent with drug-induced acute respiratory failure, most likely acute eosinophilic pneumonia. Pulse steroid was administered at 1000 mg/kg/day in the emergency department. Chest X-ray and arterial blood gas values revealed significant improvement on the second day of hospitalization...
September 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
P E Charles, R Noel, F Massin, J Guy, P E Bollaert, J P Quenot, S Gibot
BACKGROUND: Among septic patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), early recognition of those with the highest risk of death is of paramount importance. Since clinical judgment is sometimes uncertain biomarkers could provide additional information likely to guide critical illness management. We evaluated the prognostic value of soluble Triggering Receptor Expressed by Myeloid cells 1 (sTREM-1), procalcitonin (PCT) and leucocyte surface expression of CD64. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study, which included 190 septic patient admitted to the ICU in two hospitals...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Alex Rebello, M Vadivelan, T K Dutta, Molly Mary Thabah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
D Chaitanya Reddy, Shaikh Mohammed Aslam S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Nayana Bhuyan, A K Das, L Saikia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Francisco Valenzuela-Sánchez, Blanca Valenzuela-Méndez, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Ángel Estella-García, María Ángela González-García
Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) has a good biomarker profile: its half-life is several hours, and its plasma concentrations can be determined in clinical practice, it is essentially irrelevant, but proportionally represents the levels and activity of adrenomedullin (ADM). ADM synthesis is widely distributed in tissues, including bone, adrenal cortex, kidney, lung, blood vessels and heart. Its fundamental biological effects include vasodilator, positive inotropic, diuretic, natriuretic and bronchodilator...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Hui-Bing Zhang, Juan Chen, Qiao-Fen Lan, Xiong-Jian Ma, Shi-Yan Zhang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width (PDW), the neutrophil-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR), procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for the prediction of sepsis. A total of 120 consecutive patients who underwent blood culture testing were included. The PCT and CRP levels, and RDW, PDW and NLCR percentages were determined and compared between patients with positive blood cultures and those without. The PCT, CRP, RDW, PDW and NLCR values were significantly higher in patients with positive blood culture compared with those without...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yu He, Wei Xia Du, Hong Yan Jiang, Qing Ai, Jinxing Feng, Zhengqiu Liu, Jia Lin Yu
BACKGROUND: Early onset sepsis (EOS) remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates, and traditional clinical markers effective for adults are less effective in these patients. This study aimed to assess the value of individual plasma biomarkers as well as biomarker combinations for predicting EOS in neonates. METHODS: This prospective study included 151 neonates with suspected EOS. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-27, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, heat shock protein (HSP) 70, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, MIP-1β, granzyme B, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 were measured through multiplex cytokine profiling and assessed along with C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT)...
September 19, 2016: Shock
Wei-Xia Du, Yu He, Hong-Yan Jiang, Qing Ai, Jia-Lin Yu
BACKGROUND: Early onset sepsis (EOS) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns; however, current diagnostic tools are inadequate. We evaluated the accuracy of a novel cytokine, interleukin (IL)-35, for the diagnosis of EOS in comparison with other infection markers. METHODS: One hundred fifty-seven neonates with suspected sepsis in the first 3days of life were enrolled in this perspective study. All enrolled patients were divided into infected group and unlikely infected group according to clinical data...
November 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Lifeng Huang, Jinfeng Li, Yue Han, Song Zhao, Yue Zheng, Feng Sui, Xin Xin, Wenliang Ma, Yijia Jiang, Yongming Yao, Wenxiong Li
The research was performed to explore the diagnosis value of dynamic serum calprotectin (SC) expression for sepsis in postoperative intensive care unit patients. One hundred sixty-three patients who met the inclusion criteria served as the study group. All cases in the study group were further divided into the sepsis subgroup (51 cases) and the nonsepsis subgroup (112 cases). Fifty healthy volunteers served as the control group. The levels of SC and other laboratory indexes including complete blood counts, leukocytes, the immature-to-total-neutrophil ratio, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein, and blood lactate were detected, cytokines [interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, and interferon-γ] released by neutrophils were also determined...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
S M Matha, S N Rahiman, B G Gelbart, T D Duke
To determine utility of procalcitonin (PCT) for the prediction of bacterial infection in critically ill children, we analysed the relationship between serum PCT, cultures and other laboratory markers of bacterial sepsis or viral infection in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The outcome measures were levels of PCT in proven bacteraemia, pneumonia and viral respiratory infection; and comparison of PCT to immature to total neutrophil ratio (ITR) in prediction of bacteraemia. In 420 children with suspected sepsis, 1,226 serum PCT levels were analysed...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Zbynek Stranak, Jaroslav Feyereisl, Peter Korcek, Simona Feyereislova, Ladislav Krofta
AIMS: To analyze the relationship between maternal, cord blood and neonatal procalcitonin (PCT) levels in preterm deliveries with and without histologically proven chorioamnionitis (HCA). METHODS: 91 mother-infant pairs from 24+0 to 33+0 gestational weeks were analyzed. Procalcitonin was measured in all mothers within 24 hours before and subsequently in cord blood and in neonates within the first two hours after delivery. PCT levels were analysed in relationship to HCA and clinical outcome...
September 5, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Andrea Sbrana, Martina Torchio, Giuditta Comolli, Andrea Antonuzzo, Marco Danova
The use of procalcitonin (PCT) as an early marker of infectious episodes in cancer patients is still controversial. We performed a MEDLINE search of peer-reviewed articles published between January 1990 and December 2015, and finally we analysed 15 articles. PCT seems to have a good diagnostic value of infectious episodes in cancer patients and its accuracy seems greater if we consider major events, such as bloodstream infections and sepsis. Serial evaluations of this protein seem to be more accurate in the diagnostic phase and useful to predict outcome and response to antibacterial treatment...
September 2016: New Microbiologica
Li Ma, Hui Zhang, Yan-Ling Yin, Wen-Zhi Guo, Ya-Qun Ma, Yu-Bo Wang, Cheng Shu, Lian-Qiang Dong
Differentiating between sepsis and non-infectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) poses a great challenge. Several potential bloodstream biomarkers including Interleukin 6 (IL-6) have been investigated for their ability to diagnose sepsis. We conducted the present meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic quality of IL-6 in differentiating sepsis from non-infectious SIRS in adults. We also compared its accuracy with procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). PubMed and EMBASE were systematically searched for studies published up to January 18, 2016...
December 2016: Cytokine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"