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Auriculotemporal nerve

S K Majumdar, Shreya Krishna, Aritra Chatterjee, Rajib Chakraborty, Nazrealam Ansari
INTRODUCTION: Hypermobility disorders of the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be treated by both conservative and surgical approaches. Conservative approaches should be considered as first line treatment for such disorders. Prolotherapy with 25 % dextrose being injected into the posterior pericapsular tissues is one such treatment modality with favorable outcomes. AIM: To study the efficacy of single injection of 25 % dextrose in pericapsular tissues in the management of hypermobility joint disorders of TMJ as first line treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Joe Iwanaga, Samuel L Bobek, Christian Fisahn, Ken Nakamura, Yoshihiro Miyazono, R Shane Tubbs
The auriculotemporal nerve (ATN) is a branch of the mandibular nerve and has been implicated for some migraines and its role in Frey's syndrome is well known. An adult cadaver was found to have a duplicated ATN. The anterior trunk ascended as the superficial temporal artery and gave off the branches to the temporomandibular joint, parotid gland, external acoustic meatus and temporal region and communicated with a posterior trunk of the ATN. The posterior trunk ascended via the subcutaneous tissues 1 mm anterior to the auricle and gave off the branches to the anterior auricular region, temporal region and communicated with the anterior trunk...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
Francis O'Neill, Turo Nurmikko, Claudia Sommer
Premise In this article we review some lesser known cranial neuralgias that are distinct from trigeminal neuralgia, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, or trigeminal neuropathies. Included are occipital neuralgia, superior laryngeal neuralgia, auriculotemporal neuralgia, glossopharyngeal and nervus intermedius neuralgia, and pain from acute herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia of the trigeminal and intermedius nerves. Problem Facial neuralgias are rare and many physicians do not see such cases in their lifetime, so patients with a suspected diagnosis within this group should be referred to a specialized center where multidisciplinary team diagnosis may be available...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Marco Antonio Scirea Tesseroli, Fabricio Battistela Zasso, Humberto Hepp, Antonio Vitor Martins Priante, André Luiz Loureiro de Mattos Filho, Alvaro Sanabria
BACKGROUND: Parotidectomy is usually performed while the patient is under general anesthesia, however, sedation with locoregional anesthesia could be an alternative. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients with parotid tumors of the superficial lobe were included in this study. Anesthetic procedure consisted of sedation associated with cervical plexus and auriculotemporal nerve block. Sedation was managed based on the bispectral index. RESULTS: Superficial parotidectomies were performed in 13 patients, and combined partial resections were performed in 2 patients...
December 21, 2016: Head & Neck
Joe Iwanaga, Christian Fisahn, Koichi Watanabe, Samuel L Bobek, Kinuko Ogata, Ryuichiro Tanoue, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The auriculotemporal nerve is one of the many branches of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. Of these, its superficial temporal branch has been most described. Although the parotid branches, secretomotor fibers to the parotid gland, are well known as the cause of Frey syndrome, there have been almost no descriptions of their anatomy. In this study, the authors dissected the parotid branches of the auriculotemporal nerve to elucidate their anatomy. A total of 10 sides from 7 adult and embalmed cadaver heads were used in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Christian Fisahn, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The auriculotemporal nerve (ATN) is one of the branches of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, which gives rise to many branches to the retromandibular and temporal regions. Of these, the superficial temporal branch can occasionally be the cause of migraine headaches and auriculotemporal neuralgia. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anatomy of the superficial temporal branch, which has never been described in detail. METHODS: A total of 14 sides of cadaveric heads were used for this study...
March 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Sam Hassan, Mary Jacqueline Saviour
Causes of facial rashes and erythema in infants are many but rarely only happen during feeding times which are commonly and sometimes wrongly attributed to food allergy. There is a rare condition called Auriculotemporal nerve syndrome that is characterized by recurrent episodes of gustatory facial flushing and sweating along the cutaneous distribution of Auriculotemporal nerve: the so-called Frey syndrome. This condition is most frequently observed in adults usually after parotid surgery. It is rare in children and is mostly attributed to forceps assisted delivery...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Pierre R Bourque, Gabrielle Bourque, William Miller, John Woulfe, Jodi Warman Chardon
Perineural invasion is a targeted cellular proliferation guided by neurotrophins, rather than a simple diffusion of tumor in a path of least resistance. Invasion of cranial nerves by squamous cell carcinoma can represent an important diagnostic dilemma. It commonly presents as a distinct clinical neurological syndrome of combined isolated trigeminal and facial neuropathies. The focal cancer source may have been overlooked or remain occult. This case series illustrates diverse clinical presentations and neuroimaging challenges in four patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cranial nerves...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Christina L Szperka, Amy A Gelfand, Andrew D Hershey
OBJECTIVE: To describe current patterns of use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for treatment of pediatric headache. BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks are often used to treat headaches in adults and children, but the available studies and practice data from adult headache specialists have shown wide variability in diagnostic indications, sites injected, and medication(s) used. The purpose of this study was to describe current practice patterns in the use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for pediatric headache disorders...
November 2016: Headache
Kyle Sanniec, Emily Borsting, Bardia Amirlak
Surgical decompression of peripheral branches of the trigeminal and occipital nerves has been shown to alleviate migraine symptoms. Site II surgery involves decompression of the zygomaticotemporal branch of the trigeminal nerve by the technique developed by Guyuron. Failure of site II surgery may occur secondary to an inability to recognize a second temporal trigger: site V, the auriculotemporal nerve. A direct approach for site V has been used with no clear description in the literature. Herein, we describe a safe and efficient method for auriculotemporal nerve decompression during the Guyuron endoscopic approach...
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Edvitar Leibur, Oksana Jagur, Ülle Voog-Oras
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of arthrocentesis in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), evaluate and compare cytological and biochemical findings in the synovial fluid (SF) as well in venous blood samples and to determine the effectiveness of arthrocentesis with regard to TMJ pain intensity and mandibular movement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty three consecutive patients with a diagnosis of TMJ osteoarthritis (Wilkes´ stages III, IV) after noneffective conservative treatment were treated with arthrocentesis using push and pull technique (Alstergren et al...
2015: Stomatologija
Sibylle Blanc, Thierry Bourrier, Franck Boralevi, Dominique Sabouraud-Leclerc, Nhân Pham-Thi, Laure Couderc, Antoine Deschildre, Guy Dutau, Marc Albertini, Antoine Tran, Lisa Giovannini-Chami
OBJECTIVE: To describe the features of Frey syndrome (auriculotemporal nerve dysfunction with gustatory flushing) in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, retrospective, descriptive observational national case series study was conducted with the help of French academic societies. Diagnostic criteria were based on clinical history, and sometimes also on photographs or provocation tests. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were identified, with 2 subtypes: 35 unilateral and 13 bilateral...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Ziv M Peled
The targets for the surgical treatment of temporal headaches are the zygomaticotemporal branch of the trigeminal nerve and the auriculotemporal nerve. The former is often accessed by means of an endoscopic brow approach or potentially by laterally extending a transpalpebral incision. An established surgical approach, the Gillies incision, was modified to access the zygomaticotemporal nerve, as it was felt to combine the advantages of the traditional techniques. Nineteen patients underwent zygomaticotemporal nerve decompression and neuroplasty or neurectomy and muscle implantation using this surgical approach...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tadatoshi Matsubayashi, Kwang Ho Cho, Hyung Suk Jang, Gen Murakami, Masahito Yamamoto, Shin-Ichi Abe
Sympathetic nerve fibers in the skin nerves are connected with vasomotor, thermoregulatory, sensory input modulatory, and immunologic events; however, to our knowledge, no histological information is available for skin nerves in the human face. Using specimens from 17 donated cadavers (mean age, 86 years), we measured a sectional area of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive fibers in (1) the frontal nerve (V1), (2) the infraorbital nerve (V2), (3) the mental nerve (V3), (4) the greater auricular nerve (C2), (5) the auriculotemporal nerve (ATN), and (6) the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve (VII)...
August 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Philippe Gailloud
The Polish neurologist Łucja Frey (1889-1942) is principally remembered for her description of the auriculotemporal nerve (or Frey's) syndrome. She also reported a complex case of spinal cord vascular malformation in 1928, which included one of the earliest accurate anatomopathological depictions of a spinal arteriovenous malformation as well as the first known observation of double synchronous spinal cord vascular malformation. An abbreviated translation of Frey's report is followed by a discussion of the place occupied by her contribution in the development of our current understanding of spinovascular disorders...
August 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
M Ruiz, J Porta-Etessam, S Garcia-Ptacek, C de la Cruz, M L Cuadrado, A L Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Auriculotemporal neuralgia (ATN) is an infrequent syndrome consisting in strictly unilateral pain in the temporal region associated with nerve tenderness, which can be successfully treated with anesthetic blockade. We analysed clinical characteristics and treatment response in a series of eight patients. METHODS: Series of consecutive patients diagnosed with ATN at Headache Clinics of two university hospitals in Spain. Data on demographic and pain characteristics, as well as response to treatment are presented...
September 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ya-Ting Qiu, Chi Yang, Min-Jie Chen, Wei-Liu Qiu
PURPOSE: This clinical study investigated whether the vascular-guided multilayer preauricular approach (VMPA) to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) could improve access and decrease complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective evaluation consisted of a consecutive series of patients who underwent TMJ surgeries through the VMPA from January through December 2013. Patients with a history of TMJ surgery were excluded. Clinical data, including operating times, subjective complaints of incision scars, functional conditions of the auriculotemporal nerve and facial nerve, and other complications, were recorded and analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kevin M Motz, Young J Kim
Frey syndrome is a common sequela of parotidectomy, and although it is not frequently manifested clinically, it can cause significant morbidity for those affected. Frey syndrome results from synkinetic autonomic reinnervation by transected postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fiber within the parotid gland to the overlying sweat glands of the skin. Many surgical techniques have been proposed to prevent the development of Frey syndrome. For those who develop clinical symptoms of Frey syndrome, objective testing can be performed with a Minor starch-iodine test...
April 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Shang-Hsi Lin, Huwang-Chi Lin, Chu-Hsu Jeng, Cheng-Han Hsieh, Yu-Hsien Lin, Cha-Chun Chen
PURPOSE: Refractory migraine surgery developed since 2003 has excellent results over the past 10 years. According to the pioneer of migraine surgery, Dr. Bahman Guyuron, 5 major surgical classifications of migraines are described in the field of plastic surgery, namely, frontal migraine, temporal migraine, rhinogenic migraine, occipital migraine, and auriculotemporal migraine. In this study, we present the preliminary surgical results of the occipital migraine surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 22 patients with simple occipital migraines came to our outpatient clinic for help from June 2014 to February 2015...
March 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Hui Li, Gang Zhang, Junhui Cui, Weilong Liu, Dilnu Dilxat, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: The facial nerve remains at risk of injury with the preauricular approach; thus, preservation of the functional integrity of the facial nerve is considered an important factor in the success of temporomandibular joint surgery. The aim of this study was to prevent facial nerve injury using the supratemporalis approach in the treatment of intracapsular condylar fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the population consisted of patients diagnosed with intracapsular condylar fractures who received surgical treatment from July 2005 to May 2014...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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