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Clarity for mapping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028141/mapping-trends-in-the-concept-of-nurse-rounding-a-bibliometric-analysis-and-research-agenda
#1
Marie Hutchinson, Mary Higson, Debra Jackson
AIMS: Examine the growth and diffusion of research on the concept of nurse rounding and provide definitional clarity on forms of nurse rounding. METHODS: Bibliometric and content analysis of primary research on nurse rounding were used to map development of the field. Manuscripts were identified from a keyword search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases for the period 2000 to 2015. Titles, country of origin, and year of publication along with details on the characteristics and sample of each study were coded on a database...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974248/toward-criteria-for-pragmatic-measurement-in-implementation-research-and-practice-a-stakeholder-driven-approach-using-concept-mapping
#2
Byron J Powell, Cameo F Stanick, Heather M Halko, Caitlin N Dorsey, Bryan J Weiner, Melanie A Barwick, Laura J Damschroder, Michel Wensing, Luke Wolfenden, Cara C Lewis
BACKGROUND: Advancing implementation research and practice requires valid and reliable measures of implementation determinants, mechanisms, processes, strategies, and outcomes. However, researchers and implementation stakeholders are unlikely to use measures if they are not also pragmatic. The purpose of this study was to establish a stakeholder-driven conceptualization of the domains that comprise the pragmatic measure construct. It built upon a systematic review of the literature and semi-structured stakeholder interviews that generated 47 criteria for pragmatic measures, and aimed to further refine that set of criteria by identifying conceptually distinct categories of the pragmatic measure construct and providing quantitative ratings of the criteria's clarity and importance...
October 3, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972922/transmission-kikuchi-diffraction-versus-electron-back-scattering-diffraction-a-case-study-on-an-electron-transparent-cross-section-of-twip-steel
#3
Azdiar A Gazder, Khalil I Elkhodary, Mitchell J B Nancarrow, Ahmed A Saleh
The present case study compares transmission Kikuchi diffraction (TKD) with electron back-scattering diffraction (EBSD) on the same area of an electron transparent cross-section of a twinning induced plasticity steel. While TKD expectedly provides better clarity of internal defect substructures in the band contrast map, EBSD returns orientation data that approaches the quality of the TKD map. This was rationalised by Monte Carlo simulations of the electron energy spreads, which showed that due to the geometry-based compromises associated with adapting a conventional EBSD detector (which is off-axis with respect to the incident electron beam) to TKD, a broadening in the electron energy distribution of the forward-scattered electrons collected on the detector phosphor screen, is unavoidable...
September 21, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889004/quantitative-vascular-neuroimaging-of-the-rat-brain-using-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-new-insights-on-vascular-organization-and-brain-function
#4
Codi A Gharagouzloo, Liam Timms, Ju Qiao, Zihang Fang, Joseph Nneji, Aniket Pandya, Praveen Kulkarni, Anne L van de Ven, Craig Ferris, Srinivas Sridhar
A method called Quantitative Ultra-Short Time-to-Echo Contrast Enhanced (QUTE-CE) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) which utilizes superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as a contrast agent to yield positive contrast angiograms with high clarity and definition is applied to the whole live rat brain. QUTE-CE MRI intensity data are particularly well suited for measuring quantitative cerebral blood volume (qCBV). A global map of qCBV in the awake resting-state with unprecedented detail was created via application of a 3D MRI rat brain atlas with 173 segmented and annotated brain areas...
September 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851786/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-community-based-multidisciplinary-family-focused-childhood-weight-management-programme-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#5
Emily Kelleher, Janas M Harrington, Frances Shiely, Ivan J Perry, Sheena M McHugh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the barriers and facilitators experienced by those implementing a government-funded, community-based childhood weight management programme. DESIGN: Qualitative using semistructured interviews. SETTING: Two geographical regions in the south and west of Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 29 national-level and local-level stakeholders responsible for implementing the programme, including professionals from dietetics, psychology, public health nursing, physiotherapy, health promotion and administration...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764672/seeking-to-understand-lived-experiences-of-personal-recovery-in-personality-disorder-in-community-and-forensic-settings-a-qualitative-methods-investigation
#6
Andrew Shepherd, Caroline Sanders, Jenny Shaw
BACKGROUND: Understandings of personal recovery have emerged as an alternative framework to traditional ideas of clinical progression, or symptom remission, in clinical practice. Most research in this field has focussed on the experience of individuals suffering with psychotic disorders and little research has been conducted to explore the experience of individuals with a personality disorder diagnosis, despite the high prevalence of such difficulties. The nature of the personality disorder diagnosis, together with high prevalence rates in forensic settings, renders the understanding of recovery in these contexts particularly problematic...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#7
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#8
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675133/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-nepal
#9
Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Despite concerted effort from government and partners, Nepal continues to have a high burden of under nutrition among children. Identifying opportunities to strengthen policy support for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is a key component to improve child survival, growth and development. This study aims to explore policy support for IYCF and to identify the influential stakeholders for IYCF for effective future policy development and programmatic action. METHODS: Policies relevant to IYCF were identified through web searches and direct approaches to relevant government ministries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667841/integrating-multisensor-satellite-data-merging-and-image-reconstruction-in-support-of-machine-learning-for-better-water-quality-management
#10
Ni-Bin Chang, Kaixu Bai, Chi-Farn Chen
Monitoring water quality changes in lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, and coastal waters is critical in response to the needs for sustainable development. This study develops a remote sensing-based multiscale modeling system by integrating multi-sensor satellite data merging and image reconstruction algorithms in support of feature extraction with machine learning leading to automate continuous water quality monitoring in environmentally sensitive regions. This new Earth observation platform, termed "cross-mission data merging and image reconstruction with machine learning" (CDMIM), is capable of merging multiple satellite imageries to provide daily water quality monitoring through a series of image processing, enhancement, reconstruction, and data mining/machine learning techniques...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667175/the-relevance-of-agrp-neuron-derived-gaba-inputs-to-pomc-neurons-differs-for-spontaneous-and-evoked-release
#11
Andrew R Rau, Shane T Hentges
Hypothalamic agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons potently stimulate food intake, whereas proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons inhibit feeding. Whether AgRP neurons exert their orexigenic actions, at least in part, by inhibiting anorexigenic POMC neurons remains unclear. Here, the connectivity between GABA-releasing AgRP neurons and POMC neurons was examined in brain slices from male and female mice. GABA-mediated spontaneous IPSCs (sIPSCs) in POMC neurons were unaffected by disturbing GABA release from AgRP neurons either by cell type-specific deletion of the vesicular GABA transporter or by expression of botulinum toxin in AgRP neurons to prevent vesicle-associated membrane protein 2-dependent vesicle fusion...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446689/bone-clarity-clearing-imaging-and-computational-analysis-of-osteoprogenitors-within-intact-bone-marrow
#12
Alon Greenbaum, Ken Y Chan, Tatyana Dobreva, David Brown, Deepak H Balani, Rogely Boyce, Henry M Kronenberg, Helen J McBride, Viviana Gradinaru
Bone tissue harbors unique and essential physiological processes, such as hematopoiesis, bone growth, and bone remodeling. To enable visualization of these processes at the cellular level in an intact environment, we developed "Bone CLARITY," a bone tissue clearing method. We used Bone CLARITY and a custom-built light-sheet fluorescence microscope to detect the endogenous fluorescence of Sox9-tdTomato(+) osteoprogenitor cells in the tibia, femur, and vertebral column of adult transgenic mice. To obtain a complete distribution map of these osteoprogenitor cells, we developed a computational pipeline that semiautomatically detects individual Sox9-tdTomato(+) cells in their native three-dimensional environment...
April 26, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399313/definition-determinants-and-outcomes-of-social-connectedness-for-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#13
Hannah M O'Rourke, Souraya Sidani
Social connectedness is critical to older adults' well-being, but is defined inconsistently and its determinants and outcomes have not been comprehensively described. The current scoping review mapped the definitions, determinants, and outcomes of social connectedness for older adults. By identifying the conceptual features described in most articles, social connectedness was defined as: the opposite of loneliness, a subjective evaluation of the extent to which one has meaningful, close, and constructive relationships with others (i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333125/clarity-reveals-dynamics-of-ovarian-follicular-architecture-and-vasculature-in-three-dimensions
#14
Yi Feng, Peng Cui, Xiaowei Lu, Brian Hsueh, Fredrik Möller Billig, Livia Zarnescu Yanez, Raju Tomer, Derek Boerboom, Peter Carmeliet, Karl Deisseroth, Aaron J W Hsueh
Optimal distribution of heterogeneous organelles and cell types within an organ is essential for physiological processes. Unique for the ovary, hormonally regulated folliculogenesis, ovulation, luteal formation/regression and associated vasculature changes lead to tissue remodeling during each reproductive cycle. Using the CLARITY approach and marker immunostaining, we identified individual follicles and corpora lutea in intact ovaries. Monitoring lifetime changes in follicle populations showed age-dependent decreases in total follicles and percentages of advanced follicles...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281849/feedback-mapping-the-curricular-cornerstone-of-an-educational-alliance
#15
Deborah Murdoch-Eaton, Lucy Bowen
PURPOSE: The "educational alliance" concept articulates a collaborative framework to facilitate effective feedback through transparency of opportunities aligned with learner stage and intended educational outcomes. Using this framework, we evaluated feedback across a 5 year undergraduate medical program to support embedding a successful learner - teacher "educational alliance". METHOD: A comprehensive mapping exercise used an iterative action research process of source documentary analysis, consultations with key curriculum stakeholders and qualitative analysis...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046589/tu-h-campus-iep3-04-evaluation-of-changes-in-quantitative-ultrasound-parameters-during-prostate-radiotherapy
#16
M Najafi, A El Kaffas, B Han, D Cooper, S Hancock, D Hristov
PURPOSE: Clarity Autoscan ultrasound monitoring system allows acquisition of raw radiofrequency (RF) ultrasound data prior and during radiotherapy. This enables the computation of 3D Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) tissue parametric maps from. We aim to evaluate whether QUS parameters undergo changes with radiotherapy and thus potentially be used as early predictors and/or markers of treatment response in prostate cancer patients. METHODS: In-vivo evaluation was performed under IRB protocol to allow data collection in prostate patients treated with VMAT whereby prostate was imaged through the acoustic window of the perineum...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909337/optimization-of-the-optical-transparency-of-rodent-tissues-by-modified-pact-based-passive-clearing
#17
Jiwon Woo, Mirae Lee, Jeong Min Seo, Hyo Suk Park, Yong Eun Cho
Recently, a bio-electrochemical technique known as CLARITY was reported for three-dimensional phenotype mapping within transparent tissues, allowing clearer whole-body and organ visualization with CB-perfusion (CUBIC) and leading to the development of whole-body clearing and transparency of intact tissues with the PACT (passive clarity technique) and PARS (perfusion-assisted agent release in situ) methodologies. We evaluated the structure-function relationships in circuits of the whole central nervous system (CNS) and various internal organs using improved methods with optimized passive clarity...
December 2, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687661/-super-resolution-reconstruction-for-4-dimensional-computed-tomography-of-the-lung-using-graph-cuts
#18
Jin Chen, Zheng-Wen Shen, Wei-Wen Xi, Yu Zhang
Four-dimensional computer tomography (4D-CT) has a great value in lung cancer radiotherapy for its capability in providing lung information with respiratory motion. We employed a global graph cuts super-resolution (SR) reconstruction method to reconstruct high-resolution lung 4D-CT images. First, the high-resolution images reconstruction energy function was built based on a Maximum a posteriori Markov Random Field (MAP-MRF) formulation. The energy function was then transformed to a graph formulation, which was solved using graph cut algorithm...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625400/evidence-based-risk-assessment-and-communication-a-new-global-dengue-risk-map-for-travellers-and-clinicians
#19
Emily S Jentes, R Ryan Lash, Michael A Johansson, Tyler M Sharp, Ronnie Henry, Oliver J Brady, Mark J Sotir, Simon I Hay, Harold S Margolis, Gary W Brunette
BACKGROUND: International travel can expose travellers to pathogens not commonly found in their countries of residence, like dengue virus. Travellers and the clinicians who advise and treat them have unique needs for understanding the geographic extent of risk for dengue. Specifically, they should assess the need for prevention measures before travel and ensure appropriate treatment of illness post-travel. Previous dengue-risk maps published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Yellow Book lacked specificity, as there was a binary (risk, no risk) classification...
June 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130924/the-relationship-and-effects-of-golf-on-physical-and-mental-health-a-scoping-review-protocol
#20
REVIEW
A Murray, L Daines, D Archibald, R Hawkes, L Grant, N Mutrie
INTRODUCTION: Golf is a sport played in 206 countries worldwide by over 50 million people. It is possible that participation in golf, which is a form of physical activity, may be associated with effects on longevity, the cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal systems, as well as on mental health and well-being. We outline our scoping review protocol to examine the relationships and effects of golf on physical and mental health. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Best practice methodological frameworks suggested by Arksey and O'Malley, Levac et al and the Joanna Briggs Institute will serve as our guide, providing clarity and rigour...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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