Read by QxMD icon Read


Annukka Pietikäinen, Mikael Maksimow, Tommi Kauko, Saija Hurme, Marko Salmi, Jukka Hytönen
BACKGROUND: Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is one of the manifestations of Lyme disease. Although it is known that immune reaction of LNB patients is dominated by Th1 and Th2 responses and patients have elevated numbers of B cells in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), not all the cells involved in inflammation and cytokine secretion have been characterized. The current diagnostics of LNB is based on intrathecal production of antibodies. In recent years, the measurement of chemokine CXCL13 concentration from the CSF has been introduced as a new promising diagnostic tool for LNB to complement the antibody-based diagnostic methods...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Xenia Naj, Stefan Linder
The spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is the causative agent of Lyme disease, a multisystemic disorder affecting primarily skin, nervous system, and joints. If an infection with Borrelia proceeds unchecked, the disease can also enter a chronic stage, leading to the development of neuroborreliosis or cardiac arrhythmia. Successful elimination of B. burgdorferi by the host immune system is thus decisive for the positive outcome of a respective infection. Accordingly, host immune cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells have to be able to efficiently internalize and degrade infecting spirochetes...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
David S Younger
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness and the fifth most common disease in the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. If left untreated, infection disseminates to the nervous system. The nonhuman primate model of Lyme disease of the nervous system, or Lyme neuroborreliosis, accurately mimics the aspects of the human illness...
November 2016: Neurologic Clinics
L Maes, T Carolus, V De Preter, S Ignoul, R Cartuyvels, L Braeken, P-J D'Huys, V Saegeman, B Kabamba, M Raymaekers
This study reports the evaluation of the technical and clinical validation of the O-DiaBorburg kit (DIA), Borrelia burgdorferi PCR kit, ISEX (GENE), and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato Real-TM (SAC) for the diagnosis of neuroborreliosis in cerebrospinal fluid based on both Borrelia DNA and CSF samples from patients with clinical suspicion of neuroborreliosis. This validation study was done by analysing the kits on the Rotorgene Q (RGQ), CFX96, and LightCycler480 (LC480). For all kits, the linear range was larger on RGQ than on CFX96 and LC480...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Rick Dersch, Tilman Hottenrott, Stefanie Schmidt, Harriet Sommer, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Sebastian Rauer, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: Many aspects of pharmacological treatment of Lyme neuroborreliosis in children, such as choice of drug, dosage, and duration are subject to intense debates, leading to uncertainties in patients' parents and healthcare providers alike. To assess the available evidence for pharmacological treatment for children with Lyme neuroborreliosis we conducted a systematic review. METHODS: The comprehensive systematic literature search included randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized studies (NRS) on treatment of Lyme neuroborreliosis in children (age <18 years)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Neurology
Anna J Henningsson, Paula Gyllemark, Malin Lager, Barbro Hedin Skogman, Ivar Tjernberg
We evaluated the diagnostic performance of two assays, one bead-based assay and one enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), for the determination of CXCL13 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with suspected Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). Patients investigated for LNB were retrospectively included (n = 132): 35 with definite LNB, 8 with possible LNB with CSF pleocytosis but normal antibody index (AI), 6 with possible LNB with elevated AI but no CSF pleocytosis and 83 non-LNB patients. CSF samples had been drawn before antibiotic treatment and were analysed for CXCL13 by Quantikine ELISA (R&D Systems) and recomBead (Mikrogen)...
November 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Nicolae Sarbu, Robert Y Shih, Robert V Jones, Iren Horkayne-Szakaly, Laura Oleaga, James G Smirniotopoulos
White matter diseases include a wide spectrum of disorders that have in common impairment of normal myelination, either by secondary destruction of previously myelinated structures (demyelinating processes) or by primary abnormalities of myelin formation (dysmyelinating processes). The pathogenesis of many white matter diseases remains poorly understood. Demyelinating disorders are the object of this review and will be further divided into autoimmune, infectious, vascular, and toxic-metabolic processes. Autoimmune processes include multiple sclerosis and related diseases: tumefactive demyelinating lesions, Balo concentric sclerosis, Marburg and Schilder variants, neuromyelitis optica (Devic disease), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalopathy (Hurst disease)...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Natalia García Allende, Mara J García Posada, Mariana F Radosta, Ana V Sánchez, Micaela Mayer Wolf, Viviana Rodríguez
Acute transverse myelitis is defined as an acquired neuroimmune disorder of the spinal cord, which occurs as a consequence of a primary event, or directly related to an autoimmune inflammatory disease, an infectious or post-infectious disease. Amongst infectious etiologies, Borrelia spp., a tick-bourne anthropozoonosis of the ixodidae family, prevails. Approximately 10 to 15% of patients with Lyme disease undergo neurologic manifestations, with an assorted and uncertain array of clinical syndromes. Transverse myelitis accounts for up to 5% of Lyme neuroborreliosis...
2016: Medicina
D Pícha, L Moravcová, D Smíšková
The study evaluates the clinical significance of CXCL13 (leukocyte chemoattractant synthesized in CSF ) in Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) and other aseptic CNS infections. 244 patients with symptoms of neuroinfection and/or LNB were divided into groups: A - patients with LNB-positive antibodies in serum and CSF (96) or CSF only (14); B - patients with aseptic non-borrelial neuroinfections (82); C - negative controls (52). Group A was divided into A1-A4 according to pleocytosis in CSF and AIIgG positivity. The highest CSF CXCL13 concentrations (max...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Katharina Boden, Sabine Lobenstein, Beate Hermann, Gabriele Margos, Volker Fingerle
Borrelia miyamotoi is a newly recognized human pathogen in the relapsing fever group of spirochetes. We investigated a case of B. miyamotoi infection of the central nervous system resembling B. burgdorferi-induced Lyme neuroborreliosis and determined that this emergent agent of central nervous system infection can be diagnosed with existing methods.
September 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nora Rios-Sarabia, Olivia Hernández-González, Jorge González-Y-Merchand, Guadalupe Gordillo, Guillermo Vázquez-Rosales, Leopoldo Muñoz-Pérez, Javier Torres, Carmen Maldonado-Bernal
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of tuberculosis. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis; MT) and it is very difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are similar to other infectious neurological diseases, such as neurocysticercosis, neuroborreliosis, or herpes viral infection. The aim of this study was to identify tuberculosis (TB) in cases of meningitis with clinical and laboratory evidence suggestive of TBM, and to confirm our findings with molecular tests for TB infection...
October 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Emily MacDonald, Didrik Frimann Vestrheim, Richard A White, Kirstin Konsmo, Heidi Lange, Audun Aase, Karin Nygård, Pawel Stefanoff, Ingeborg Aaberge, Line Vold
BACKGROUND: The approach to surveillance of Lyme borreliosis varies between countries, depending on the purpose of the surveillance system and the notification criteria used, which prevents direct comparison of national data. In Norway, Lyme borreliosis is notifiable to the Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases (MSIS). The current notification criteria include a combination of clinical and laboratory results for borrelia infection (excluding Erythema migrans) but there are indications that these criteria are not followed consistently by clinicians and by laboratories...
2016: BMC Public Health
L Krbková, J Bednářová, Z Čermáková
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate new 3rd-generation test kits, EIA Borrelia recombinant IgM and IgG (TestLine, Brno, Czech Republic), in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with Lyme neuroborreliosis. METHODS: Comparison of three tests was used: the whole-cell EIA from Borrelia garinii (EIA 1) was compared with the EIA using recombinant antigens (EIA 2) and immunoblot. In total, 364 samples of serum and CSF were examined. Eighty-six paired sera and CSF samples were evaluated in the first group of children with Lyme neuroborreliosis...
2016: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Hisao Shimizu, Koji Haratani, Masayuki Miyazaki, Yoshiaki Kakehi, Shuhei Nagami, Yuichi Katanami, Hiroki Kawabata, Nobuyuki Takahashi
A 38-year-old man visited our hospital because of hemifacial paresis that developed 2 months after being bit by a tick. We diagnosed idiopathic peripheral facial palsy and gave the patient oral prednisolone and valacyclovir. Although the symptoms completely resolved in about 2 weeks, there was a risk of Lyme neuroborreliosis. The patient therefore received doxycycline (100 mg twice daily) and amoxicillin (1,000 mg 3 times daily) for 14 days. Two months later, he had symptoms of meningitis such as headache and fever accompanied by lymphocytic cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis...
July 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Ingo Stock
Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) is a systemic infectious disease that can present in a variety of clinical manifestations. The disease is caused by a group of spirochaetes--Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato or Lyme borrelia--that are transmitted to humans by the bite of Ixodes ticks. Lyme disease is the most common arthropode-borne infectious disease in many European countries including Germany. Early localized infection is typically manifested by an erythema migrans skin lesion, in rarer cases as a borrelial lymphocytoma...
May 2016: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
L K Johnstone, J B Engiles, H Aceto, V Buechner-Maxwell, T Divers, R Gardner, R Levine, N Scherrer, D Tewari, J Tomlinson, A L Johnson
BACKGROUND: Equine neuroborreliosis (NB), Lyme disease, is difficult to diagnose and has limited description in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Provide a detailed description of clinical signs, diagnostic, and pathologic findings of horses with NB. ANIMALS: Sixteen horses with histologically confirmed NB. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records at the University of Pennsylvania and via an ACVIM listserv query with inclusion criteria requiring possible exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi and histologic findings consistent with previous reports of NB without evidence of other disease...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Simone M Brändle, Birgit Obermeier, Makbule Senel, Jessica Bruder, Reinhard Mentele, Mohsen Khademi, Tomas Olsson, Hayrettin Tumani, Wolfgang Kristoferitsch, Friedrich Lottspeich, Hartmut Wekerle, Reinhard Hohlfeld, Klaus Dornmair
Oligoclonal Ig bands (OCBs) of the cerebrospinal fluid are a hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS), a disabling inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). OCBs are locally produced by clonally expanded antigen-experienced B cells and therefore are believed to hold an important clue to the pathogenesis. However, their target antigens have remained unknown, mainly because it was thus far not possible to isolate distinct OCBs against a background of polyclonal antibodies. To overcome this obstacle, we copurified disulfide-linked Ig heavy and light chains from distinct OCBs for concurrent analysis by mass spectrometry and aligned patient-specific peptides to corresponding transcriptome databases...
July 12, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Anne Drenckhahn, Birgit Spors, Ellen Knierim
Lyme neuroborreliosis is a frequent cause of facial nerve palsy in children, isolated oculomotor nerve palsy due to Borrelia-associated nervous system infection however is rarely seen. Here we report a case of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy due to a nervous system infection with Borrelia burgdorferi in childhood and restitutio in integrum after intravenous antibiotic therapy.
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Sambor Grygorczuk, Renata Świerzbińska, Anna Moniuszko, Maciej Kondrusik, Joanna Zajkowska, Piotr Czupryna, Justyna Dunaj, Sławomir Pancewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Th17 lymphocytes and their cytokines, interleukin 17A (IL-17A), IL-17F and IL-22, participate in the response to extracellular bacteria and in the autoimmunity and may be engaged in the pathogenesis of Lyme borreliosis. Concentrations were measured of IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-22 in the supernatant of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) culture stimulated with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi). MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study group consisted of 13 patients with early disseminated and late Lyme borreliosis and a control group of 7 healthy persons...
June 2, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Előd Ernő Nagy, Attila Rácz, Edit Urbán, Gabriella Terhes, Timea Berki, Emőke Horváth, Anca M Georgescu, Iringó E Zaharia-Kézdi
The identification and distinction of the pathological conditions underlying acute psychosis are often challenging. We present the case of a 35-year-old ranger who had no history of acute or chronic infectious disease or any previous neuropsychiatric symptoms. He arrived at the Psychiatry Clinic and was admitted as an emergency case, displaying bizarre behavior, hallucinations, paranoid ideation, and delusional faults. These symptoms had first appeared 7 days earlier. An objective examination revealed abnormalities of behavior, anxiety, visual hallucinations, choreiform, and tic-like facial movements...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"