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incontinence elderly randomized

Sameer Kumar, Nidhi Ghildayal, Neha Ghildayal
Purpose Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common chronic health condition, a problem specifically among elderly women that impacts quality of life negatively. However, UI is usually viewed as likely result of old age, and as such is generally not evaluated or even managed appropriately. Many treatments are available to manage incontinence, such as bladder training and numerous surgical procedures such as Burch colposuspension and Sling for UI which have high success rates. The purpose of this paper is to analyze which of these popular surgical procedures for UI is effective...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Hiroshi Yagi, Ryo Sato, Kojiro Nishio, Gaku Arai, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction (SDys) are common problems that affect quality of life (QOL) in elderly men. In addition to prescribed drugs, many over-the-counter medications including supplements are used to treat QOL diseases. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are reported to be effective for both LUTS and SDys by increasing nitric oxide levels. French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol(®), which is a potent nitric oxide donor, is reported to be effective for SDys...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Cathryn Glazener, Lynda Constable, Christine Hemming, Suzanne Breeman, Andrew Elders, Kevin Cooper, Robert Freeman, Anthony R B Smith, Suzanne Hagen, Alison McDonald, Gladys McPherson, Isobel Montgomery, Mary Kilonzo, Dwayne Boyers, Beatriz Goulao, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: One in three women who have a prolapse operation will go on to have another operation, though not necessarily in the same compartment. Surgery can result in greater impairment of quality of life than the original prolapse itself (such as the development of new-onset urinary incontinence, or prolapse at a different site). Anterior and posterior prolapse surgery is most common (90 % of operations), but around 43 % of women also have a uterine (34 %) or vault (9 %) procedure at the same time...
September 8, 2016: Trials
Mika Harai, Asae Oura, Mitsuru Mori
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to clarify risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in elderly Japanese women. METHODS: We randomly selected 1600 women, aged between 65 and 74 years, from the resident registration of Sapporo City and we analyzed 746 women, who responded twice on surveys in 2010 and 2011. UI was defined as frequent UI when it occurred at least once a week in both 2010 and 2011. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the past maximum body weight, smoking index, past history of bladder disease or hemorrhoids, and the participant's mother's history of UI were significantly associated with an increased risk of UI...
May 2014: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Emily A Kidd, Fiona Stewart, Nadine C Kassis, Emily Hom, Muhammad Imran Omar
BACKGROUND: Indwelling urethral catheters are often used for bladder drainage in hospital. Urinary tract infection is the most common hospital-acquired infection, and a common complication of urinary catheterisation. Pain, ease of use and quality of life are important to consider, as well as formal economic analysis. Suprapubic catheterisation can also result in bowel perforation and death. OBJECTIVES: To determine the advantages and disadvantages of alternative routes of short-term bladder catheterisation in adults in terms of infection, adverse events, replacement, duration of use, participant satisfaction and cost effectiveness...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Barclay T Stewart, Even Wong, Shailvi Gupta, Santosh Bastola, Sunil Shrestha, Adam L Kushner, Benedict C Nwomeh
BACKGROUND: With an ageing global population comes major non-communicable disease burden, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. An unknown proportion of this burden is treatable or palliated with surgery. This study aimed to estimate the surgical needs of individuals aged 50 years or older in Nepal. METHODS: A two-stage, 30 randomised cluster by 30 households, community-based survey was performed in Nepal with the validated Surgeons OverSeas Assessment of Surgical Need (SOSAS)...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
Kirill Kosilov, Sergay Loparev, Marina Ivanovskaya, Liliya Kosilova
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of effectiveness and safety of solifenacin and mirabegron, as well as their combination, for managing heavy symptoms of overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who participated in the examination (average age: 71.2) were split into 4 groups. Patients included in Group А (n=63) were treated with mirabegron 50mg/day/6 weeks, in Group B (n=52)-with solifenacin 10mg/day/6 weeks, in Group С (n=65)-with the same doses of both drugs simultaneously/6 weeks, and in Group D (n=59)-with placebo...
September 2015: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lene Elisabeth Blekken, Anne Guttormsen Vinsnes, Kari Hanne Gjeilo, Siv Mørkved, Øyvind Salvesen, Christine Norton, Sigrid Nakrem
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence has a high prevalence in the older population, which cannot be explained by comorbidity or the anatomical or psychological changes of aging alone. Fecal incontinence leads to a high economic burden to the healthcare system and is an important cause of institutionalization. In addition, fecal incontinence is associated with shame, social isolation and reduced quality of life. The importance of identifying treatable causes in the frail elderly is strongly emphasized...
2015: Trials
Hitendra R Patel, Dapo Ilo, Nimish Shah, Béatrice Cuzin, David Chadwick, Robert Andrianne, Carsten Henneges, Jane Barry, Katja Hell-Momeni, Julia Branicka, Hartwig Büttner
BACKGROUND: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial primarily evaluated the efficacy of tadalafil once-daily (OaD) or on-demand ("pro-re-nata"; PRN) treatment, started early post-nsRP. Secondary outcome-measures on quality-of-life (QoL) and treatment satisfaction are reported. METHODS: Patients, aged <68 yrs, with adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Gleason ≤ 7, normal preoperative erectile function [EF]) were randomized post-nsRP 1:1:1 to 9-month treatment with tadalafil 5 mg OaD, tadalafil 20 mg PRN, or placebo, followed by 6-week drug-free washout and 3-month open-label tadalafil OaD treatment (OLT)...
April 12, 2015: BMC Urology
Lene Elisabeth Blekken, Anne Guttormsen Vinsnes, Kari Hanne Gjeilo, Siv Mørkved, Øyvind Salvesen, Christine Norton, Sigrid Nakrem
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence has a high prevalence in the older population, which cannot be explained by comorbidity or the anatomical or psychological changes of aging alone. Fecal incontinence leads to a high economic burden to the healthcare system and is an important cause of institutionalization. In addition, fecal incontinence is associated with shame, social isolation and reduced quality of life. The importance of identifying treatable causes in the frail elderly is strongly emphasized...
December 2015: Trials
Hyekyung Kang, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
PURPOSE: This study was done to determine whether muscle strength training programs have an impact on improving symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and physical function among elderly women with UI who reside in long-term care facilities. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Participants had to be over 65 years, score over 15 score on the mini-mental state examination, and be able to walk alone or with an assistant. Seventy residents were randomly allocated to either the training group (n=35) or control group (n=35)...
February 2015: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Mina Jafarabadi, Zinat Ghanbari, Shahrzad Hashemi, Maryam Nemati, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Elham Azimi Nekoo
To evaluate Overactive bladder (OAB) with detrusor overactivity (DOA) following oxybutynin or tolterodine treatment in recommended doses at a four-week course. A total of 100 Iranian women 45 years or older with urgency that also showed idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) in the filling phase of their cystometry were included in the current study. In this double-blinded trial two parallel groups were randomized by using two kinds of the antimuscarinic drugs for a four- week course [oxybutinin 5mg, t.d.s...
2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Pilar Riobó Serván, Roberto Sierra Poyatos, Judith Soldo Rodríguez, Carmen Gómez-Candela, Pedro Pablo García Luna, Lluis Serra-Majem
The elderly population is increasing and it is well documented that may present some health problems related to nutritional intake. Both mental and physical impairments in the elderly may need specific adaptations to dietary assessment methods. But all self-report approaches include systematic and random errors, and under-reporting of dietary energy intake is common. Biomarkers of protein intake, as 24 hours urinary Nitrogen, may not be useful in elderly patients because of incontinence problems. Some micronutrients, like vitamin B12, have special importance in the elderly population...
February 26, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Marzieh Kargar Jahromi, Malihe Talebizadeh, Maryam Mirzaei
INTRODUCTION: Millions of women are afflicted with stress urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is mentioned as one of the geriatric syndromes, together with pressure ulcers, functional decline, falls, and low self-esteem. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pelvic muscle exercises on urinary incontinency and self- esteem of elderly females with stress urinary incontinency in Shiraz, Iran, 2013. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this interventional study, 50 old females aged 60-74 years were chosen among the members of Jahandidegan center, and they were asked to sign the informed consent form and complete the demographic questionnaire...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
Tanja Barkhausen, Ulrike Junius-Walker, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Christiane A Mueller, Gudrun Theile
BACKGROUND: Geriatric assessments are established tools in institutional care since they enable standardized detection of relevant age-related disorders. Geriatric assessments could also be helpful in general practice. However, they are infrequently used in this setting, mainly due to their lengthy administration. The aim of the study was the development of a "manageable geriatric assessment--MAGIC", specially tailored to the requirements of daily primary care. METHODS: MAGIC was developed based on the comprehensive Standardized Assessment for Elderly People in Primary Care (STEP), using four different methodological approaches: We relied on A) the results of the PRISCUS study by assessing the prevalence of health problems uncovered by STEP, the importance of the respective problems rated by patients and general practitioners, as well as the treatment procedures initiated subsequently to the assessment...
January 22, 2015: BMC Family Practice
Mei-Yin Su, Shi-Quan Lin, Ye-Wen zhou, Ye-Wen Zhou, Si-Ya Liu, Ai Lin, Xi-Rong Lin
Elderly patients with acute neurological impairment are prone to severe disability, fecal incontinence (FI), and resultant complications. A suspension positioning system (SPS), based on the orthopedic suspension traction system commonly used for conservative treatment of pediatric femoral fracture and uncomplicated adult pelvic fracture, was developed to facilitate FI management in patients immobilized secondary to an acute neurological condition. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the system, a prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted between October 2009 and July 2012...
January 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Kirill V Kosilov, Sergay A Loparev, Marina A Ivanovskaya, Liliya V Kosilova
OBJECTIVES: HASH(0x49d6d08) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized double blind longitudinal study was performed from December 1, 2012 to June 15, 2013 in urological ward of gerontological hospital (Vladivostok city, Russian Federation). 378 men and women over 65 (average age: 69.8 (7.2)), who suffered from stage 1 (initial) hypertension, had participated in this study. During the treatment all patients, except for those who were assigned to the control group, received Loop Diuretic Furosemide dosed at 20-30 mg per day and Solifenacin dosed at 5 mg per day (First comparison group) and 10 mg per day (Second comparison group)...
2014: Current Aging Science
Karin Franzen, Gunnel Andersson, Jenny Odeberg, Patrik Midlöv, Eva Samuelsson, Karin Stenzelius, Margareta Hammarström
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence (UI) is common among the elderly, but the literature is sparse on the surgical treatment of UI among the elderly. This systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness of surgical interventions as treatment for urinary incontinence in the elderly population ≥65 years of age. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective nonrandomized studies (NRS) were included. The databases PubMed (NLM), EMBASE (Elsevier), Cochrane Library (Wiley), and Cinahl (EBSCO) were searched for the period 1966 up to October 2013...
August 2015: International Urogynecology Journal
Kirill V Kosilov, Sergay A Loparev, Marina A Ivanovskaya, Liliya V Kosilova
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to increase the efficiency of treatment for severe symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) with antimuscarinic drugs in elderly men and women. METHODS: A total of 341 patients over 65 years of age (average age 69.9; 186 women and 155 men) with severe symptoms of OAB (frequency of incontinence episodes [IEs] ≥ 3/day) underwent examination. Patients were distributed into three main groups: A (n = 58; trospium 60 mg/day + solifenacin 20): three cycles, each cycle 8 weeks, with an 8-week interval; B (n = 55; trospium 30 mg/day + solifenacin 10), regimen was the same as in group A; C (n = 62; trospium 30 mg/day + solifenacin 10) daily during 1 year...
December 2014: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
Floor Willeboordse, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Liset van Dijk, Judith E Bosmans, Oscar J de Vries, François G Schellevis, Petra J M Elders
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate drug use has been identified as one of the most important problems affecting the quality of care in older people. Inappropriate drug use may increase the risk of the occurrence of 'geriatric giants' such as immobility, instability, incontinence and cognitive impairment. There are indications that clinical medication reviews (CMR) can reduce inappropriate drug use. However, CMRs have not yet been implemented at a large scale in primary care. An innovative medication review program in primary care will be developed which tackles the most important obstacles for a large scale implementation of CMRs...
2014: BMC Geriatrics
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