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incontinence elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620790/female-double-incontinence-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-from-the-sabe-health-wellbeing-and-aging-study
#1
Denise R Yuaso, Jair L F Santos, Rodrigo A Castro, Yeda A O Duarte, Manoel J B C Girão, Bary Berghmans, José Tadeu N Tamanini
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Double Incontinence (DI) is incontinence of urine and stool and is an extreme manifestation of pelvic floor dysfunction. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of DI and the risk factors in elderly women in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a prospective study in women aged 65 years or older evaluated in 2006 and re-evaluated in 2010. The sample was selected by two-phase stratified sampling with replacement and probability proportional to size...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613287/geriatric-syndromes-and-not-cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-among-mexican-community-dwelling-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas, José Alberto Avila-Funes
BACKGROUND: The association of cognitive impairment and type 2 diabetes has been consistently shown in several studies, yet its association with geriatric syndromes has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the correlates of cognitive impairment among community-dwelling elderly with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 135 diabetic persons aged 70 years or older participating in the Coyoacán Cohort Study in Mexico City...
May 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602153/frailty-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-the-elderly-emergency-general-surgery-patient
#3
Jens Goeteyn, Louis A Evans, Siem De Cleyn, Sigrid Fauconnier, Caroline Damen, Jonathan Hewitt, Wim Ceelen
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical procedures performed in elderly and frail patients has greatly increased in the last decades. However, there is little research in the elderly emergency general surgery patient. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of frailty in the emergency general surgery population in Belgium. Secondly, we examined the length of hospital stay, readmission rate and mortality at 30 and 90 days. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study at Ghent University Hospital...
June 10, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592739/a-case-of-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-in-an-elder-diabetic-patient
#4
Kyoko Kawakami, Hiroshi Yoshino, Hiroyuki Igarashi, Yoshiyuki Chiba, Gen Yoshino, Takahisa Hirose
The clinical entity idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterized by dementia, urinary incontinence, gait ataxia. An 80-year old man with a past history of Type 2 diabetes mellitus admitted to our hospital. Combination of twice Aspart and Aspart premixed30/70 insulin were used. Although, he was unable to inject insulin by himself recently. On physical examination, he walked in a mildly wide based manner. According to his family, urinary incontinence was existed. Laboratory data were as follows: Postrandial blood glucose 243 mg/dl and glycated hemoglobin 8...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592135/low-pressure-low-flow-voiding-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-male-treated-through-ayurveda-a-case-report
#5
Sanjeev Rastogi
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic bladder is a common urological condition among elderly. It results in incontinence or retention of the urine depending on the synergy of bladder smooth muscles and urethral sphincter. There can also be a condition where retention causes overflow incontinence. Retention of urine in this condition is caused by relative lack of contractility of bladder smooth muscles in response to the stretch reflex. As a result, there is no urge and therefore the bladder remains over-distended causing retention of urine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591982/-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-early-onset-prostate-cancer
#6
Y Wang, S J Du, J X Zhang, H Y He
Objective: To observe the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of prostate cancer (PCa) in young men. Methods: Twenty-eight early onset (≤55 years) patients with PCa pathologically confirmed in the Peking University Third Hospital and Peking University Shougang Hospital from January 1st 2000 to August 31st 2016 were collected. There were 18 radical prostatectomy (RP) cases and 10 transrectal prostatic biopsy cases. Contemporaneously, 445 elderly (>55 years) patients were collected, of which 385 had detailed pathological information, were chosen as control group...
June 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587843/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-and-its-relation-with-sedentarism-in-spain
#7
R Leirós-Rodríguez, V Romo-Pérez, J L García-Soidán
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from which data from a 15-year cohort were obtained. Of these, 4745 (58.2%) were women and 3401 (41.8%) were men. We analysed the presence of urinary incontinence, physical activity habits and the influence of other variables such as sex, age, weight and body mass index...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575562/-seven-questions-for-elderly-in-the-practice-of-primary-care-physicians
#8
O N Tkacheva, N K Runikhina, V S Ostapenko, N V Sharashkina
Although geriatric syndromes are widespread, they often remain undiagnosed leading to the development of adverse outcomes. For the prompt detection of the most common geriatric syndromes in primary care we have created seven issues related to weight loss, vision and hearing impairments, falls, mood disorder, cognitive impairment, urinary incontinence, and the difficulties in walking. We believe that using of these questions will allow physicians to focus on addressing the important health problems associated with age and will produce the selection of patients for comprehensive geriatric assessment...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560756/evaluation-of-the-efficiency-of-the-nursing-care-plan-applied-using-nanda-noc-and-nic-linkages-to-elderly-women-with-incontinence-living-in-a-nursing-home-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Dercan Gencbas, Hatice Bebis, Hatice Cicek
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficiency of the nursing care plan, applied with the use of NANDA-I, NOC, and NIC (NNN) linkages, for elderly women with incontinence who live in nursing homes. METHODS: A randomized controlled experimental design was applied. NNN linkages were prepared and applied for 12 weeks in an experimental group. NOC scales were evaluated again for two groups. RESULTS: A 0.5 NOC point change targeted in all elderly in the experimental group were provided between pretest-posttest scores...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541397/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-people-aged-75-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-bordeaux-three-city-study
#10
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Leslie Grasset, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Robin Genuer, Cecile Proust-Lima, Karine Péres, Catherine Féart, Hélène Amieva, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Catherine Helmer, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray, Jean François Dartigues
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are often the result of cumulative insults to multiple organ systems and are considered common in older adults. However, their frequency and co-occurrence are not well known in the elderly population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of several GSs and to analyze the co-occurrence of these syndromes in a general population of elderly individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 630 adults aged 75 years or older participating in the 10-year follow-up of the Bordeaux sample of the French Three-City Study was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451797/-repetitive-peripheral-muscle-stimulation-vs-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-comparison-of-two-approaches-to-incontinence-treatment
#11
Sabine Schrank, Laura Adlbrecht, Hanna Mayer
BACKGROUND: Although there are various measures for the prevention, treatment, and management of urinary incontinence (UI), absorbing aids (and only scant continence-promoting measures) are primarily used in nursing homes in Austria. Repetitive peripheral muscle stimulation (RPMS) is already used as a common method for the treatment and prevention of incontinence in the outpatient setting and is an effective alternative compared to the usual incontinence treatments. However, there are no empirical data as yet on the effect of RPMS in nursing home residents...
April 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401955/incontinence-in-the-elderly-normal-ageing-or-unaddressed-pathology
#12
REVIEW
William Gibson, Adrian Wagg
The prevalence of urinary incontinence and other lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) increases in association with increasing age. This effect is more noticeable in men after the seventh decade of life and, in women, postmenopausally. However, the changes in the lower urinary tract, peripheral nervous system and central nervous system that underpin this observation are both multifactorial and inadequately understood; much debate exists regarding whether these observed changes are pathological or are a part of the 'normal' ageing process; with both health professionals and older people often holding the view that incontinence is an expected part of normal ageing...
April 11, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378111/validation-of-overactive-bladder-questionnaire-1-week-recall-version-in-medically-complex-elderly-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#13
Alexandra I Barsdorf, Martin Carlsson, Andrew G Bushmakin, Sheila Quinn, Joseph C Cappelleri, Andreas Pleil
INTRODUCTION: The 33-item Overactive Bladder questionnaire (OAB-q; 1-week recall version) has been psychometrically validated in middle-aged, generally healthy patients with overactive bladder. The present analysis was conducted to determine the psychometric validity of the OAB-q in medically complex elderly patients. METHODS: OAB-q structure was evaluated using a second-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) model with five domains and one aggregated domain, using pooled data from two clinical trials (786 observations) for urgency urinary incontinence (UUI)...
April 4, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348993/profile-of-elderly-attending-a-general-practice-clinic-in-a-poor-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-study-from-south-india
#14
Dimple Madhukar Jamkhandi, Sara Bhattacharji
INTRODUCTION: In India, the number of elderly is steadily increasing and is likely to reach 301 million by 2051. The increasing number and proportion of elderly will have a direct impact on the demand for health and pension services. As per the Demography of Indian Aging (Rajan et al.), information on morbidity profile of this population is essential to plan health-care facilities. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed to study the morbidity profile of 100 elderly persons reporting to the outpatient clinic of a family practice unit of a tertiary care center in South India between June 2008 and May 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335792/can-incontinence-be-cured-a-systematic-review-of-cure-rates
#15
REVIEW
Rob Riemsma, Suzanne Hagen, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Christine Norton, Helle Wijk, Karl-Erik Andersson, Christopher Chapple, Julian Spinks, Adrian Wagg, Edward Hutt, Kate Misso, Sohan Deshpande, Jos Kleijnen, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Incontinence constitutes a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. The present study aims to assess cure rates from treating urinary (UI) or fecal incontinence (FI) and the number of people who may remain dependent on containment strategies. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL, and PEDro were searched from January 2005 to June 2015. Supplementary searches included conference abstracts and trials registers (2013-2015)...
March 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320676/smartphone-based-rapid-screening-of-urinary-biomarkers
#16
Haakon Karlsen, Tao Dong
An ambulatory pre-screening Point-of-Care (POC) device compatible with commercially available diapers has been developed to rapidly screen urine samples for incontinent or functionally impaired elderly. This POC device consists of a set of colorimetric reaction pads with accompanying reference colors. A smartphone with camera is a convenient tool for analysis of colorimetric assays; and a software application has been developed for smartphones to photograph the colorimetric assay and classify colorimetric reactions according to the reference colors...
April 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288563/is-independence-of-older-adults-safe-considering-the-risk-of-falls
#17
Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
BACKGROUND: Falls affect approx. 30% of elderly population per year. They cause major injuries and reduce independence of the older adults' functioning. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the degree of independence and find the fall risk factors in the study group. METHODS: The study included 506 - older adults. The study group included patients from GP clinics and members of two senior centers. The study duration was 12 months. Our study tools included EASY- Care Standard 2010 questionnaire, Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Index Barthel, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Timed Up and Go (TUG)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#18
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed(®) and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269432/illumination-and-device-independence-for-colorimetric-detection-of-urinary-biomarkers-with-smartphone
#19
Haakon Karisen, Tao Dong
Diaper wearing elderly with functional impairments and/or incontinence is at high risk of contracting urinary tract infections. Nurses struggle with collection of urine samples for analysis. Therefore, a smartphone application is under development as a rapid screening device to work in conjunction with a colorimetric diaper assay that collects and tests urine within a diaper. The focus of this work is to make a practical and useful tool that medical personnel (the user) can use for rapid screening on patients in the field, only with a smartphone and assay available...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267124/incidence-and-predictors-of-incontinence-associated-skin-damage-in-nursing-home-residents-with-new-onset-incontinence
#20
Donna Z Bliss, Michelle A Mathiason, Olga Gurvich, Kay Savik, Lynn E Eberly, Jessica Fisher, Kjerstie R Wiltzen, Haley Akermark, Amanda Hildebrandt, Megan Jacobson, Taylor Funk, Amanda Beckman, Reed Larson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and predictors of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) in nursing home residents. METHODS: Records of a cohort of 10,713 elderly (≥65 years) newly incontinent nursing home residents in 448 nursing homes in 28 states free of IAD were followed up for IAD development. Potential multilevel predictors of IAD were identified in 4 national datasets containing information about the characteristics of individual nursing home residents, nursing home care environment, and communities in which the nursing homes were located...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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