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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134243/-implants-for-genital-prolapse-pro-mesh-surgery
#1
REVIEW
J Neymeyer, D-E Moldovan, K Kornienko, K Miller, A Weichert
There has been an overall increase in pelvic organ prolapse due to demographic changes (increased life expectancy). Increasing sociocultural demands of women require treatments that are more effective with methods that are more successful. In the treatment of pelvic floor insufficiency and uterovaginal prolapse, pelvic floor reconstructions with mesh implants have proven to be superior to conventional methods such as the classic colporrhaphy, reconstructions with biomaterial, and native tissue repair in appropriately selected patients and when applying exact operation techniques, especially because of good long-term results and low recurrence rates...
November 13, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132305/associations-between-skin-barrier-characteristics-skin-conditions-and-health-of-aged-nursing-home-residents-a-multi-center-prevalence-and-correlational-study
#2
Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this study was to investigate possible associations between health, functional and cutaneous variables in aged long-term care residents. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, descriptive prevalence study was conducted in a random sample of 10 institutional long-term care facilities in Berlin...
November 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117084/self-management-experiences-of-older-korean-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-descriptive-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups
#3
Sunah Park, SoonGyo Yeoum, Yoonjung Kim, Hye Jin Kwon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the self-management experiences of Korean women with urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: Descriptive, qualitative study using focus groups. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Twenty-two community-dwelling women, 65 years and older, participated in 3 focus-group interviews. Participants were recruited from 2 elderly halls and 1 senior welfare center in South Korea. METHODS: Three focus group interviews comprising 6 to 8 individuals were conducted in a quiet venue at the elderly hall or senior welfare center...
November 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056536/predicting-risk-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-12-and-20-years-after-delivery
#4
J Eric Jelovsek, Kevin Chagin, Maria Gyhagen, Suzanne Hagen, Don Wilson, Michael W Kattan, Andrew Elders, Matthew D Barber, Björn Areskoug, Christine MacArthur, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Little progress has been made in the prevention of pelvic floor disorders, despite their significant health and economic impact. The identification of women who are at risk remains a key element in targeting prevention and planning health resource allocation strategies. Although events around the time of childbirth are recognized clinically as important predictors, it is difficult to counsel women and to intervene around the time of childbirth because of an inability to convey a patient's risk accurately in the presence of multiple risk factors and the long time lapse, which is often decades, between obstetric events and the onset of pelvic floor disorders later in life...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042057/urethral-lumen-occlusion-by-artificial-sphincteric-device-evaluation-of-degraded-tissues-effects
#5
Arturo Nicola Natali, Chiara Giulia Fontanella, Silvia Todros, Emanuele Luigi Carniel
Urinary incontinence can be surgically treated by means of artificial sphincters, based on a cuff that provides a pressure around the urethra to occlude the lumen. Considering the frequent access of elderly patients to this surgical practice, tissue degradation phenomena must be investigated, since they could affect treatment reliability and durability. The potential degradation can be interpreted considering a variation within soft tissue constitutive formulation, by means of a correlation between mechanical properties and tissues ageing...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037619/evidence-based-effects-of-yoga-practice-on-various-health-related-problems-of-elderly-people-a-review
#6
A Mooventhan, L Nivethitha
More than 50% of the elderly above 60 years of age suffer from chronic medical conditions, the prevalence of which increases with age. Though Yoga has been reported as an effective modality in improving various physical and psychological aspects of elderly populations, a comprehensive review of Yoga and its effects on various health related problems of elderly populations has not yet been reported. Hence, we performed PubMed/Medline search to review relevant articles, using keyword "yoga and elderly". Relevant articles published since inception till 6th October 2016 were included for the review...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033915/evaluation-of-the-swabbing-of-disposable-absorbent-incontinence-products-for-assessing-the-carriage-of-multiresistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-nursing-home-residents
#7
Alexis Naf, Marie Decalonne, Sandra Dos Santos, Laurent Mereghetti, Nathalie L van der Mee-Marquet
We compared the performance of incontinence product (IP) and rectal swabbing for the detection of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) carriage in a large multicenter study conducted in February 2017 among the residents of 23 French nursing homes. The study included 547 residents who habitually wore IP, 88 of whom were MDRE carriers (16.1%). Positive results were obtained for both rectal and IP swabs for 64 of these residents, for rectal swabs only for 22 and for IP swabs only for two of these patients...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953829/analysis-of-urinary-incontinence-and-depression-among-young-women
#8
Kinga Tyrała-Seweryn, Mariusz Seweryn, Krzysztof Krysta
Urinary incontinence has a negative impact on a health related quality of life, and it contributes to depression. Depression is a serious illness affecting health, family and professional activity of many people in all sectors of society. Both conditions concern young women. Following study presents depression among young women suffering urinary incontinence. There are various aspects of the young women's comorbid depression and urinary incontinence, mentioned in the present literature: coexistence of depression and urinary incontinence, area of postpartum period, associated sexual dysfunction, and impact on the professional sphere...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952706/should-radical-prostatectomy-be-encouraged-at-any-age-a-critical-non-systematic-review
#9
Fabio Zattoni, Francesco Montebelli, Marta Rossanese, Alessandro Crestani, Gianluca Giannarini, Vincenzo Ficarra
Elderly men are likely to be diagnosed with clinically localized prostate cancer, however only few studies have assessed the appropriate treatment in such patients. Radical prostatectomy is one valid alternative. Perioperative outcomes, functional outcomes and oncological outcomes have to be carefully discussed in patient counselling. Fewer perioperative complications, lower perioperative mortality, and shorter hospitalization times have been reported for patients undergoing radical prostatectomy by high-volume surgeons at high-volume centres...
September 27, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929543/does-the-suburethral-sling-change-its-location
#10
Wojciech Majkusiak, Andrzej Pomian, Paweł Tomasik, Edyta Horosz, Aneta Zwierzchowska, Jacek Kociszewski, Ewa Barcz
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether a phenomenon of sling migration exists after suburethral sling placement, whether this might be responsible for suboptimal sling location and persistent incontinence, and whether a link exists between sling dislocation or migration and risk factors, such as obesity or age. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study was carried out in a group of 244 patients who underwent retropubic sling implantation. Sling location was determined by means of pelvic floor ultrasound, and calculated relative to the individual patient's urethral length measured before the procedure...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916436/treating-overactive-bladder-in-older-patients-with-a-combination-of-mirabegron-and-solifenacin-a-prespecified-analysis-from-the-beside-study
#11
William Gibson, Scott MacDiarmid, Moses Huang, Emad Siddiqui, Matthias Stölzel, Nurul Choudhury, Marcus J Drake
BACKGROUND: The BESIDE study demonstrated that combination therapy (mirabegron and solifenacin 5mg) improved overactive bladder symptoms versus solifenacin 5mg or 10mg, and was well tolerated. OBJECTIVE: To ensure efficacy and safety is maintained in older patients (>65 yr), who usually experience greater symptom severity and comorbidities, a prespecified subanalysis stratified by age group was conducted. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients remaining incontinent (≥1 episode during 3-d diary) following 4-wk single-blind daily solifenacin 5mg were randomized 1:1:1 to a daily double-blind combination (solifenacin 5mg and mirabegron 25mg, increased to 50mg at wk 4), solifenacin 5mg or 10mg for 12 wk...
September 12, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867978/when-not-to-pouch-important-considerations-for-patient-selection-for-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#12
Shannon Chang, Bo Shen, Feza Remzi
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients who undergo colectomy and wish to avoid a permanent ileostomy. The overall outcomes are positive, with an improved quality of life and stable long-term pouch retention. However, certain conditions or disease states may be at a higher risk of pouch dysfunction or failure. For example, obese patients have an increased risk for postoperative complications. In addition, women with a history of obstetric complications and elderly patients with a history of sphincter damage or dysfunction may be at an increased risk for postoperative incontinence, although quality-of-life indices do not necessarily correlate with incontinence scores...
August 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858968/what-wait-time-in-a-soiled-pad-is-acceptable-to-older-patients-and-their-direct-caregivers
#13
Judith Fernando, Adrian Wagg
PURPOSE: We sought to establish views on wait times and hypothesized that they may vary depending upon perspective, circumstance, and incontinence type. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Eligible patients were inpatients, 65 years and older, in a single tertiary acute care hospital. Eligible staff were regulated (licensed) and unregulated providers of direct care to patients. Patients may or may not have used absorbent continence products prior to their admission...
November 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851278/toscana-virus-meningo-encephalitis-an-important-differential-diagnosis-for-elderly-travellers-returning-from-mediterranean-countries
#14
James Veater, Farhan Mehedi, Chee Kay Cheung, Laura Nabarro, Jane Osborne, Nicholas Wong, Martin Wiselka, Julian W Tang
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients have a long list of differentials for causes of acute confusion and altered consciousness levels, including infectious agents. In addition, elderly, retired patients often have more time to travel for tourism, particularly to exotic, warmer locations. Mediterranean countries such as Spain and Italy are popular holiday destinations for British and other tourists, especially during the winter months. However, these warm climates allow insect vectors to proliferate, increasing the risk of exposure to endemic vectorborne viral infections whilst on vacation...
August 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843527/factors-associated-with-the-trend-of-physical-and-chemical-restraint-use-among-long-term-care-facility-residents-in-hong-kong-data-from-an-11-year-observational-study
#15
Kuen Lam, Joseph S K Kwan, Chi Wai Kwan, Alice M L Chong, Claudia K Y Lai, Vivian W Q Lou, Angela Y M Leung, Justina Y W Liu, Xue Bai, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of restraint use have been well-documented. However, the prevalence of restraints use has been high in long-term care facilities in Hong Kong compared with other countries and this goes against the basic principles of ethical and compassionate care for older people. The present study aimed to review the change in the prevalence of physical and chemical restraint use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) over a period of 11 years in Hong Kong and to identify the major factors associated with their use...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815825/the-prevalence-and-specific-characteristics-of-hospitalised-pressure-ulcer-patients-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#16
Qing Zhou, Ting Yu, Yuan Liu, Ruifen Shi, Suping Tian, Chaoxia Yang, Huaxiu Gan, Yanying Zhu, Xia Liang, Ling Wang, Zhenhua Wu, Jinping Huang, Ailing Hu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to ascertain the pressure ulcer prevalence in secondary and tertiary general hospitals in different areas of Guangdong Province in China and explore the possible risk factors that are related to pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND: Few multicentre studies have been conducted on pressure ulcer prevalence in Chinese hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: Data from a total of 25,264 patients were included in the analysis at 25 hospitals in China...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791237/update-on-voiding-dysfunction-managed-with-suprapubic-catheterization
#17
REVIEW
Sharon F English
As the population ages the prevalence of long-term urinary catheters, especially in the elderly, is going to increase. Urinary catheters are usually placed to manage urinary retention or incontinence that cannot be managed any other way. There is significant morbidity associated with an indwelling catheter. The commonest problems are catheter blockages, infection and bladder stones. These will occur with a similar incidence with either a suprapubic or a urethral catheter. Urethral complications such as strictures, scrotal infection and erosion are less common with suprapubic catheterization (SPC)...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762621/repair-of-damaged-ligaments-with-tissue-fixation-system-minisling-is-sufficient-to-cure-major-prolapse-in-all-three-compartments-5-year-data
#18
Hiromi Inoue, Yutaka Kohata, Takanori Fukuda, Mika Monma, Yosie Uzawa, Yuina Kubo, Remi Watanabe, Takeshi Kusaka
AIM: The ageing population in Japan brings problems of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), bladder and bowel incontinence, and fragility as regards major pelvic surgery. Existing data from tissue fixation system (TFS) surgery show high cure rates for these conditions, but long-term data are lacking. We aimed to elucidate the usefulness of TFS by assessing 5-year postoperative outcomes. METHODS: A total of 68 patients, mean age 70 years, underwent total pelvic floor repair...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757770/recent-research-on-the-role-of-urodynamic-study-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-urinary-incontinence
#19
REVIEW
Yuan-Hong Jiang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Although evidence shows that urodynamic study may not improve outcomes, it can be used to evaluate men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) which have not been adequately delineated and treated. In young men with LUTS not responding to treatment based on clinical examination, or elderly men with LUTS and incontinence, a complete urodynamic evaluation is mandatory to understand the pathophysiology underlying LUTS, such as bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), detrusor overactivity, and detrusor underactivity...
April 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723852/effects-of-a-skin-barrier-cream-on-management-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-in-older-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuka Kon, Yoshie Ichikawa-Shigeta, Terumi Iuchi, Yukari Nakajima, Gojiro Nakagami, Keiko Tabata, Hiromi Sanada, Junko Sugama
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a skin barrier cream with moisturization and skin-protectant characteristics for improving the severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) pertaining to the skin physiology and appearance. We measured the following outcomes: (1) skin physiological characteristics indicating skin protection and enhancement of the skin's moisture barrier (stratum corneum hydration, dermis hydration level, transepidermal water loss, and skin pH); and (2) changes in skin appearance (the degree of erythema and pigmentation, and the sulcus cutis condition)...
September 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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