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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442289/correction-to-obstructive-sleep-apnea-does-not-impair-cardiorespiratory-responses-to-progressive-exercise-performed-until-exhaustion-in-hypertensive-elderly
#1
Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Amilton da Cruz Santos, Murillo Frazão, Tulio Rocha Petrucci, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Adriana Oliveira Sarmento, Eduardo D S Freitas, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe de Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
The original version of this article was published online containing two items that require correction, namely the abstract (Results section) and Table 3.
February 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428169/effectiveness-of-a-combination-denture-cleaning-method-versus-a-mechanical-method-comparison-of-denture-cleanliness-patient-satisfaction-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Yuya Baba, Yusuke Sato, Gaku Owada, Shunsuke Minakuchi
PURPOSE: Effective denture plaque control is necessary in elderly individuals to prevent oral and systemic diseases. However, comparative studies of denture cleaning methods are limited, especially those investigating patient satisfaction. The present study aimed to evaluate effectiveness of a mechanical denture cleaning method versus a combination of mechanical and chemical methods in terms of denture cleanliness, patient satisfaction, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420078/poor-sleep-is-responsible-for-the-impaired-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-in-elderly-hypertensive-a-cross-sectional-study-of-elderly
#3
Shaopan Zhao, Shihui Fu, Jiefeng Ren, Leiming Luo
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess whether sleep disorder was associated with an increased risk of less nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping in elderly patients with hypertension. METHODS: Cases were 1006 patients, aged >60 years, who were admitted to hospital with diagnosed hypertension during 2016-2017, and were divided into three groups with the systolic nocturnal BP dipping of 10%, and 0% as the cut-off value. The patients' sleep was evaluated by Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
February 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404173/results-of-polysomnographies-and-treatment-strategies-in-elderly-patients-with-symptoms-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#4
Baran Balcan, Aylin Özsancak Uğurlu
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated data regarding the management of geriatric patients with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (age, >65 years) who were admitted to our sleep clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Symptoms and sleep data of the patients were retrospectively evaluated, and the patients were reevaluated after treatment. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients with a median age of 69 years were included. Snoring and fatigue were the most common symptoms...
October 2017: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401658/relative-contributions-of-different-lifestyle-factors-to-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-elderly
#5
Xiaona Zhang, Ruyi Xia, Shu Wang, Wei Xue, Jian Yang, Shuliu Sun, Guihua Zhuang
Much of the previous literature has studied the relationship between individual lifestyle factors and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, only a few studies combined them to explore their relative importance to the HRQOL in the elderly. This study assesses the HRQOL of the urban, rural, and institutionalized Chinese elderly and explores the relative contributions of different lifestyle factors to their HRQOL. The SF-36v2 Health Survey, the WHOQOL-OLD module, and the socio-demographic and lifestyle questionnaire were utilized in this study...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394505/sleep-and-cognitive-decline-a-prospective-non-demented-elderly-cohort-study
#6
Seung Wan Suh, Ji Won Han, Ju Ri Lee, Seonjeong Byun, Soon Jai Kwon, Sang Hoon Oh, Kyoung Hwan Lee, Guehee Han, Jong Woo Hong, Kyung Phil Kwak, Bong-Jo Kim, Shin Gyeom Kim, Jeong Lan Kim, Tae Hui Kim, Seung-Ho Ryu, Seok Woo Moon, Joon Hyuk Park, Jiyeong Seo, Jong Chul Youn, Dong Young Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Ki Woong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep disturbances that induce cognitive changes over four years in non-demented elderlies. METHODS: Data were acquired from a nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort of Korean elderlies (2,238 normal cognition [NC] and 655 mild cognitive impairment [MCI]). At baseline and 4-year follow up assessments, sleep-related parameters (mid-sleep time, sleep duration, latency, subjective quality, efficiency and daytime dysfunction) and cognitive status were measured using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment, respectively...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391838/spotlight-on-dream-recall-the-ages-of-dreams
#7
REVIEW
Anastasia Mangiaruga, Serena Scarpelli, Chiara Bartolacci, Luigi De Gennaro
Brain and sleep maturation covary across different stages of life. At the same time, dream generation and dream recall are intrinsically dependent on the development of neural systems. The aim of this paper is to review the existing studies about dreaming in infancy, adulthood, and the elderly stage of life, assessing whether dream mentation may reflect changes of the underlying cerebral activity and cognitive processes. It should be mentioned that some evidence from childhood investigations, albeit still weak and contrasting, revealed a certain correlation between cognitive skills and specific features of dream reports...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372842/decreased-daytime-light-intensity-at-nonwindow-hospital-beds-comparisons-with-light-intensity-at-window-hospital-beds-and-light-exposure-in-nonhospitalized-elderly-individuals
#8
Junko Iwamoto, Kenji Obayashi, Miwa Kobayashi, Toshimichi Kotsuji, Rie Matsui, Kyoko Ito, Osamu Yoshida, Norio Kurumatani, Keigo Saeki
Light is crucial for the synchronization of internal biological rhythms with environmental rhythms. Hospitalization causes a range of unfavorable medical conditions, including delirium, sleep disturbances, depressed mood, and increased fall, especially in elderly people. The hospital room environment contributes significantly to patients' circadian physiology and behavior; however, few studies have evaluated light intensity in hospital settings. In this study, bedside light intensity during the daytime (6:00-21:00) was measured at 1-min intervals using a light meter on 4869 bed-days at the Inabe General Hospital in Mie, Japan (latitude 35°N), for approximately 1 month in each season...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372056/home-exercise-improves-the-quality-of-sleep-and-daytime-sleepiness-of-elderlies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Glauber Sá Brandão, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Antônia A Callou Sampaio, Claudio F Donner, Luis V F Oliveira, Aquiles Assunção Camelier
Background: Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence to those type of programs, so it is necessary to implement an exercise program which is feasible and effective. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that a semi-supervised home exercise program, improves sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of elderlies of the community who present poor sleep quality...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370207/apoe%C3%AE%C2%B54-and-slow-wave-sleep-in-older-adults
#10
Gregory J Tranah, Kristine Yaffe, Caroline M Nievergelt, Neeta Parimi, M Maria Glymour, Kristine E Ensrud, Jane A Cauley, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Sara Mariani, Susan Redline, Katie L Stone
Slow wave (or stage N3) sleep has been linked to a variety of cognitive processes. However, the role of stage N3 in the elderly is debated. The link between stage N3 and episodic memory may be weakened or changed in the older adult population, possibly due to several altered mechanisms impacting the cellular structure of the brain. The bases for the age-related dissociation between stage N3 and cognition are not understood. Since APOEε4 status is the strongest genetic risk factor for cognitive decline, we assessed whether the ε4 allele is associated with stage N3 sleep...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360993/unpaid-caregiving-roles-and-sleep-among-women-working-in-nursing-homes-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Nicole DePasquale, Martin J Sliwinski, Steven H Zarit, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida
Background and Objectives: Although sleep is a critical health outcome providing insight into overall health, well-being, and role functioning, little is known about the sleep consequences of simultaneously occupying paid and unpaid caregiving roles. This study investigated the frequency with which women employed in U.S.-based nursing homes entered and exited unpaid caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), or both (triple-duty caregivers), as well as examined how combinations of and changes in these caregiving roles related to cross-sectional and longitudinal sleep patterns...
January 19, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353214/effects-of-poor-sleep-quality-on-brain-functional-connectivity-revealed-by-wavelet-based-coherence-analysis-using-nirs-methods-in-elderly-subjects
#12
Lingguo Bu, Dawei Wang, Congcong Huo, Gongcheng Xu, Zengyong Li, Jianfeng Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality, which is typically related to impairments in cognitive control, is pervasive among the elderly. However, the brain function mechanisms underlying the association between sleep and elderly behavior remain elusive. This study aims to assess the effects of poor sleep quality on low-frequency neural oscillations based on the wavelet phase coherence (WPCO) and wavelet amplitude (WA) of oxyhemoglobin concentration changes (Delta [HbO2]) measured through near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) method...
January 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351091/circadian-rhythms-disturbances-in-alzheimer-disease-current-concepts-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Ángela Milán-Tomás, Colin M Shapiro
The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the research regarding circadian rhythms in Alzheimer disease (AD). Furthermore, this paper explores the role of melatonin in the pathogenesis of AD and the limitation of trials addressing circadian rhythms disturbances in the AD population. A literature search using Medline with PubMed and Embase was carried out identifying papers focusing on circadian rhythms in AD. Sleep disorders and especially circadian rhythm disturbances are very common in the elderly population but definitely more pronounced in patients with AD...
January 18, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331872/effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognitive-flexibility-depression-and-rbd-in-healthy-elderly
#14
Stefanie Lerche, Alexandra Gutfreund, Kathrin Brockmann, Markus A Hobert, Isabel Wurster, Ulrike Sünkel, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Florian G Metzger, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease increases with the raising number of elderly, which will be a challenging situation for the healthcare systems and society in the future. There is evidence that there are modifiable risk-factors e.g. physical activity for these diseases. Here, we study the interaction between sports inactivity with prodromal markers for neurodegeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 667 neurologically healthy individuals cross-sectional and a subgroup longitudinal over six years...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320997/investigating-the-associations-between-productive-housework-activities-sleep-hours-and-self-reported-health-among-elderly-men-and-women-in-western-industrialised-countries
#15
Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Tilman Brand
BACKGROUND: After retirement, elderly men and women allocate more time to housework activities, compared to working-age adults. Nonetheless, sleep constitutes the lengthiest time use activity among the elderly, but there has not been any study on the associations between time spent on housework activities, sleep duration and self-reported health among the older population. This study not only examined individual associations between self-reported health and both housework activities and sleep duration, but it also explored self-reported health by the interaction effect between housework activities and sleep duration separately for men and women...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320338/healthy-behaviors-and-incidence-of-disability-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#16
Ryo Hotta, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: In this paper and prospective study, we examine the number of healthy behaviors and the incidence of disability in community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older. METHODS: Participants (N = 4483) were residents of Obu, Japan who were asked about regular exercise, smoking status, and sleep duration. Demographic variables, history of disease, physi- cal function, and cognitive function were measured as confounders. Information about disabil- ity was obtained from the Obu City Office...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315202/the-effects-of-white-noise-on-agitated-behaviors-mental-status-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-older-adults-with-dementia
#17
Li-Wei Lin, Shu-Chuan Weng, Hua-Shan Wu, Lu-Jen Tsai, Ya-Ling Lin, Shu-Hui Yeh
BACKGROUND: The aging of society is a global trend, and care of older adults with dementia is an urgent challenge. As dementia progresses, patients exhibit negative emotions, memory disorders, sleep disorders, and agitated behavior. Agitated behavior is one of the most difficult problems for family caregivers and healthcare providers to handle when caring for older adults with dementia. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of white noise in improving agitated behavior, mental status, and activities of daily living in older adults with dementia...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#18
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304797/suprapubic-tube-versus-urethral-catheter-drainage-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage management (suprapubic tube (ST)/ urethral catheter (UC)). Thus, we try to compare ST drainage to UC drainage after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy regarding to comfort, recovery rate and continence using the method of meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Dec...
January 5, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298664/the-prevention-of-delirium-in-elderly-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-podesa-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jean Wong, David Lam, Stephen Choi, Mandeep Singh, Naveed Siddiqui, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common problem that occurs in 5-50% of elderly individuals following surgery. Patients who develop delirium after surgery are at increased risk for serious complications. Recent studies suggest that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of complete or partial blockage of the upper airway - are at greater risk to develop delirium. OSA is more common in elderly individuals but is often undiagnosed. Identification and treatment of unrecognized OSA may reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium...
January 3, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
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