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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235907/a-validation-study-of-fitbit-charge-2%C3%A2-compared-with-polysomnography-in-adults
#1
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Aimee Goldstone, Stephanie Claudatos, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
We evaluated the performance of a consumer multi-sensory wristband (Fitbit Charge 2™), against polysomnography (PSG) in measuring sleep/wake state and sleep stage composition in healthy adults. In-lab PSG and Fitbit Charge 2™ data were obtained from a single overnight recording at the SRI Human Sleep Research Laboratory in 44 adults (19-61 years; 26 women; 25 Caucasian). Participants were screened to be free from mental and medical conditions. Presence of sleep disorders was evaluated with clinical PSG...
December 13, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223863/what-can-predict-and-prevent-the-long-term-use-of-benzodiazepines
#2
Takeo Hata, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Takeshi Hamada, Masami Nishihara, Ashley Ian Bush, Hiroshi Yoneda, Miki Nakajima, Takahiro Katsumata
Although benzodiazepines (BZDs) are commonly prescribed for insomnia or anxiety, long-term use of BZDs causes serious adverse effects such as daytime drowsiness and cognitive decline. In the current study, we evaluated the predictors and preventers of long-term usage of BZDs from a retrospective survey by utilizing the 12-year prescription record of a university hospital. From the prescription data of 92,005 people, users of BZDs (n = 3,470, male = 39.2%, mean age = 60 ± 17.5) were analyzed. During this period, both the number of prescriptions (2722 in 2004 to 1019 in 2016) and the number of BZDs (1...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213524/delirium-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatments
#3
Cecília Carboni Tardelli Cerveira, Cláudia Cristina Pupo, Sigrid De Sousa Dos Santos, José Eduardo Mourão Santos
Delirium is a common disorder associated with poor prognosis, especially in the elderly. The impact of different treatment approaches for delirium on morbimortality and long-term welfare is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in elderly patients with delirium. METHODS: This systematic review compared pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in patients over 60 years old with delirium...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213496/effects-of-a-cognitive-training-program-and-sleep-hygiene-for-executive-functions-and-sleep-quality-in-healthy-elderly
#4
Katie Moraes de Almondes, Maria Emanuela Matos Leonardo, Ana Maria Souza Moreira
Introduction: The aging process causes changes in the sleep-wake cycle and cognition, especially executive functions. Interventions are required to minimize the impact of the losses caused by the aging process. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a cognitive training program and psychoeducation on sleep hygiene techniques for executive functions and sleep quality in healthy elderly. Methods: The participants were 41 healthy elderly randomized into four groups ([CG] control group, cognitive training group [CTG], sleep hygiene group [SHG] and cognitive training and hygiene group [THG])...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213208/awareness-of-malaria-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-among-persons-with-acute-undifferentiated-fever-in-the-endemic-regions-of-myanmar
#5
Phyo Aung Naing, Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Aung Thi
Background: Myanmar has a high burden of malaria with two-third of the population at risk of malaria. One of the basic elements of the Roll Back Malaria Initiative to fight against malaria is early diagnosis and treatment within 24 h of fever. Public awareness about malaria is a key factor in malaria prevention and control and in improving treatment-seeking behaviour. Methods: A large community-based survey was carried out in 27 townships of malaria endemic regions in Myanmar in 2015 which reported on the knowledge, behaviour and practices around malaria in the general population...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210873/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-sleep-quality-of-elderly-people-residing-in-a-nursing-home
#6
Saide Faydalı, Funda Çetinkaya
BACKGROUND: Sleep is important for health and quality of life in the elderly, and sleep disturbances are reported to be associated with many of the adverse medical conditions. PURPOSE: This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of inhalation of lavender oil on sleep quality of nursing home residents. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics and sleeping properties of the 30 volunteers, enrolled...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208334/factors-influencing-recurrent-emergency-department-visits-for-epistaxis-in-the-elderly
#7
Mohamad R Chaaban, Dong Zhang, Vicente Resto, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to determine the risk factors associated with recurrent epistaxis requiring emergency department (ED) visits in the elderly. METHODS: We used a 5% national sample of Medicare data from January 2012 through December 2013. Our cohort included patients with a new diagnosis of epistaxis in the ED, defined as no epistaxis in the prior 12 months. We assessed the rates of ED visits for recurrent epistaxis in the 12 months following the incident visit...
December 2, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206050/association-between-short-and-long-sleep-durations-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Chayakrit Krittanawong, Anusith Tunhasiriwet, Zhen Wang, HongJu Zhang, Ann M Farrell, Sakkarin Chirapongsathorn, Tao Sun, Takeshi Kitai, Edgar Argulian
BACKGROUND: A shorter sleep duration has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and increased mortality. It has been hypothesized that a short sleep duration may be linked to changes in ghrelin and leptin production, leading to an alteration of stress hormone production. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the potential relationship between a sleep duration and cardiovascular disease mortality. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of Ovid Medline In-Process and other non-indexed citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Scopus from database inception to March 2017...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203963/ingestion-of-green-tea-with-lowered-caffeine-improves-sleep-quality-of-the-elderly-via-suppression-of-stress
#9
Keiko Unno, Shigenori Noda, Yohei Kawasaki, Hiroshi Yamada, Akio Morita, Kazuaki Iguchi, Yoriyuki Nakamura
Epidemiological and animal studies have demonstrated that ingestion of green tea enhances healthy life. However, caffeine in green tea can interfere with sleep. In this report, we examined the effect of green tea with lowered caffeine, low-caffeine green tea, on stress and sleep of the elderly. The participants (n = 10, mean age 89.3 ± 4.2 years) drank five cups/day of standard green tea for 1 week. Subsequently, they drank five cups/day of low-caffeine green tea for 2 weeks. Salivary α-amylase activity (sAA) was measured as a stress marker...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201813/risk-factors-and-functional-impact-of-medical-complications-in-stroke
#10
Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee, Min Kyun Sohn, Deog Young Kim, Sam-Gyu Lee, Yong-Il Shin, Gyung-Jae Oh, Yang-Soo Lee, Min Cheol Joo, Eun Young Han, Yun-Hee Kim
Objective: To determine the incidence and risk factors for medical complications in Korean patients suffering from stroke and the impact of such complications on post-stroke functional outcomes. Methods: We assessed patients enrolled in a prospective cohort study. All recruited patients had suffered a first acute stroke episode and been admitted to nine university hospitals in Korea between August 2012 and June 2015. We analyzed patient and stroke characteristics, comorbidities, prevalence of post-stroke medical complications, and functional outcomes at time of discharge and 3, 6, and 12 months after stroke onset...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200064/informed-consent-and-cognitive-dysfunction-after-noncardiac-surgery-in-the-elderly
#11
Kirk J Hogan, Lisa C Bratzke, Kendra L Hogan
Cognitive dysfunction 3 months after noncardiac surgery in the elderly satisfies informed consent thresholds of foreseeability in 10%-15% of patients, and materiality with new deficits observed in memory and executive function in patients with normal test performance beforehand. At present, the only safety step to avoid cognitive dysfunction after surgery is to forego surgery, thereby precluding the benefits of surgery with removal of pain and inflammation, and resumption of normal nutrition, physical activity, and sleep...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188870/association-between-siesta-daytime-sleep-dietary-patterns-and-the-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-living-in-mediterranean-area-medis-study-the-moderating-effect-of-gender
#12
E N Georgousopoulou, N Naumovski, D D Mellor, S Tyrovolas, S Piscopo, G Valacchi, N Tsakountakis, A Zeimbekis, V Bountziouka, E Gotsis, G Metallinos, D Tyrovola, J Kellett, A Foscolou, J-A Tur, A-L Matalas, C Lionis, E Polychronopoulos, L Sidossis, D Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVES: Several lifestyle parameters including diet, physical activity and sleep were associated in isolation with the presence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in adults, to date there is a paucity of studies which evaluated their combined role aging populations and especially with respect to gender. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a global consideration of the lifestyle factors associated with MetS among elderly individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184319/a-comparative-study-of-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-inmates-of-old-age-homes-and-community-of-rajkot-a-gujarati-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-short-form-gds-g
#13
Dipeshkumar D Zalavadiya, Anupam Banerjee, Ankit M Sheth, Matib Rangoonwala, Aarohi Mitra, Amiruddin M Kadri
Background: The prevalence of depression among elderly people varies across different setups such as old age homes (OAHs), community, and medical clinics. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiological factors pertaining to depression among elderly residents of OAHs and community, using a new Gujarati version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-G). Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study conducted in an urban setup of Western India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181439/rest-activity-circadian-rhythms-and-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-men
#14
Tara S Rogers, Stephanie Harrison, Christine Swanson, Jane A Cauley, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Eric Orwoll, Katie L Stone, Nancy E Lane
Background: Disrupted rest-activity circadian rhythm (RAR) patterns have been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e. diminished cognitive function, increased risk of dementia and falls). Circadian time cues in bone influence the differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and bone turnover markers exhibit circadian variation; relationships between bone outcomes and RAR are emerging areas of research. We evaluated associations between RAR and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck in older men from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) cohort...
December 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157582/serum-lipid-profile-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-blood-pressure-in-the-elderly-a-10-year-follow-up-of-the-proof-synapse-cohort
#15
Denis Monneret, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, David Hupin, Delphine Maudoux, Sébastien Celle, Emilia Sforza, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidemia, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and hypertension are comorbid factors evidenced in adults, but poorly studied in old people. This study aimed to examine the long-term evolution of the serum lipid profile, and its relationships with SDB and blood pressure (BP) in the elderly. METHODS: A ten-year follow-up of the prospective Prognostic Indicator of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events (PROOF) and the Autonomic Nervous System Activity, Aging and Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea (SYNAPSE) cohort, which initially included 1011 elderly subjects from the general population, and who were untreated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156911/prognostic-indicators-of-neuromuscular-disorders-for-palliative-care-referral
#16
Richard Shek-Kwan Chang, Yuen Kwun Wong
BACKGROUND: Most of the neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) have poor prognosis and lead to various symptoms amendable to palliative care. However, the suitable time of referral is uncertain. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to describe the trajectories of NMDs. Early death within one year after NMD diagnosis was set as the outcome. Total of 86 adult NMD patients were recruited in a university hospital. Demographic variable including gender, age at diagnosis and early-onset symptoms including dyspnea, dysphagia, loss of mobility, constipation, mood and sleep disorders, and pain were correlated with the outcome...
September 29, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154054/the-effects-of-chamomile-extract-on-sleep-quality-among-elderly-people-a-clinical-trial
#17
Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Seyedeh Nesa Mousavi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of insomnia increases with age. Chamomile is among the medicinal plants which are used as tranquilizer. Yet, there is inadequate experimental and clinical evidence regarding its hypnotic effects. This study sought to evaluate the effects of chamomile extract on sleep quality among elderly people. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed. SETTING: A convenient sample of sixty elderly people who aged sixty or more and lived in Kahrizak day care nursing home, Karaj, Iran, were randomly allocated to a control and a treatment group...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151562/-effects-of-a-sleep-improvement-program-combined-with-aroma-necklace-on-sleep-depression-anxiety-and-blood-pressure-in-elderly-women
#18
Nami Chun, Myoungsuk Kim, Gie Ok Noh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a sleep improvement program combined with an aroma-necklace on sleep, depression, anxiety, and blood pressure in elderly women living at home. METHODS: A program consisting of a four-week (one hour per week) sleep improvement intervention plus use of an aroma-necklace, was developed based on Cox's Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior. 70 elderly women were assigned to the experimental (n=35) or control group with no intervention (n=35)...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#19
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131369/photobiomodulation-for-traumatic-brain-injury-and-stroke
#20
REVIEW
Michael R Hamblin
There is a notable lack of therapeutic alternatives for what is fast becoming a global epidemic of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Photobiomodulation (PBM) employs red or near-infrared (NIR) light (600-1100nm) to stimulate healing, protect tissue from dying, increase mitochondrial function, improve blood flow, and tissue oxygenation. PBM can also act to reduce swelling, increase antioxidants, decrease inflammation, protect against apoptosis, and modulate microglial activation state. All these mechanisms of action strongly suggest that PBM delivered to the head should be beneficial in cases of both acute and chronic TBI...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
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