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Giuseppe Mannino, Andrea Occhipinti, Massimo E Maffei
Boswellia serrata and Boswellia sacra (syn. B. carteri) are important medicinal plants widely used for their content of bioactive lipophilic triterpenes. The qualitative and quantitative determination of boswellic acids (BAs) is important for their use in dietary supplements aimed to provide a support for osteoarthritic and inflammatory diseases. We used High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)-Diode Array Detector (DAD) coupled to ElectroSpray Ionization and tandem Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) for the qualitative and quantitative determination of BAs extracted from the gum resins of B...
October 6, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
F Franceschi, S Togni, G Belcaro, M Dugall, R Luzzi, A Ledda, L Pellegrini, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Several experimental studies and clinical trials support the potential of Boswellia serrata extracts (BSE) for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this registry study was to assess the safety and the efficacy of a novel lecithin-based delivery form of Boswellia serrata extract (Casperome®) in the supportive management of osteo-muscular pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 52 healthy young rugby players with acute knee pain and inflammation were recruited...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Christian Artaria, Pietro Allegrini, Jürgen Meins, Daniele Savio, Giovanni Appendino, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz, Mona Abdel-Tawab
BACKGROUND: The oral administration of the gum resin extracts of Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr) results in very low plasma concentrations of boswellic acids (BAs), being far below the pharmacologically active concentrations required in vitro for anti-inflammatory activity. For that reason the use of Indian frankincense in clinical practice and pharmaceutical development has substantially lagged behind. Recently the application of new formulation technologies resulted in a formulation of frankincense extract with lecithin, which revealed improved absorption and tissue penetration of BAs in a rodent study, leading for the first time to plasma concentrations of BAs in the range of their anti-inflammatory activity...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Suresh Sadhasivam, Sekar Palanivel, Shamik Ghosh
Antimicrobials from natural sources have gained immense importance in recent times to combat the global challenge of antibiotic resistance. Essential oils are implicated in antimicrobial action against several species. Here we have screened nine commercially available essential oils for their antimicrobial activity against organisms associated with skin, scalp and nail infections mainly Propionibacterium acnes, Malassezia spp, Candida albicans and Trichophyton spp. Among nine essential oils, B. serrata essential oil demonstrated superior antimicrobial activity against all the microorganisms and surprisingly it showed maximum activity against Trichophyton spp...
October 12, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
M Ricci, G M Micheloni, M Berti, F Perusi, E Sambugaro, E Vecchini, B Magnan
PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive, chronic and degenerative joint disease characterized by a loss of articular cartilage. Treatment of OA is largely palliative based on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids and injections of steroids. Regarding conservative treatment, intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) can play a role in early symptomatic knee OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2015 and September 2015, sixty patients (32 males and 28 females) between 40 and 70 years old were randomly allocated into two groups: Half were treated with three weekly intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid 1...
September 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Esmat Fathi, Fatemeh Hedayati Katouli, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Marzieh Dehghan Shasaltaneh, Elham Parandavar, Samaneh Bayati, Ali Afrasiabi, Reza Nazari
Reelin is an extracellular glycoprotein which contributes to synaptic plasticity and function of memory in the adult brain. It has been indicated that the Reelin signaling cascade participates in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Besides the neurons, glial cells such as astrocytes also express Reelin protein. While functional loss of astrocytes has been reported to be associated with AD, dysfunction of astrocytic Reelin signaling pathway has not received much attention. Therefore, we investigated the effects of α-boswellic acid (ABA) as one of the major component of Boswellia serrata resin on primary fetal human astrocytes under a stress paradigm as a possible model for AD through study on Reelin cascade...
August 27, 2016: Neuromolecular Medicine
Xia Xue, Fang Chen, Anxin Liu, Deqing Sun, Jing Wu, Feng Kong, Yun Luan, Xianjun Qu, Rongmei Wang
Multidrug resistance (MDR) represents a clinical obstacle to cancer chemotherapy since it causes cancer recurrence and metastasis. Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA), an active ingredient derived from the plant Boswellia serrata, has been found to inhibit the growth of a wide variety of tumor cells, including glioma, colorectal cancer, leukemia, human melanoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and prostate cancer cells. However, the actions of AKBA in multidrug-resistant cancer cells have not been fully elucidated...
August 19, 2016: Bioscience Trends
Saeed Mehrzadi, Bahreh Tavakolifar, Hasan Fallah Huseini, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Mojtaba Heydari
BACKGROUND: Regarding preclinical evidence for antidiabetic effects of Boswellia serrata, we evaluated anti-hyperglycemic and lipid-lowering effects of Boswellia serrate gum resin in type 2 diabetic patients in a double-blind randomized placebo-control trial. METHODS: Fifty-six diabetic patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive 250 mg of the Boswellia serrate gum resin or placebo twice daily for 8 weeks, in addition to their routine antidiabetic treatments...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Hossein Hosseinzadeh, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh Bideskan, Hamid R Sadeghnia
Oxidative stress and cell apoptosis play major roles in neuronal injury after ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Boswellia serrata is a medicinal plant with antioxidant properties. Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is an active triterpenoid compound from B. serrate. In the current study, the neuroprotective effects of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of B. serrata (named ABS and EBS, respectively) and AKBA were investigated against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced cerebral I-R injury in rats...
August 12, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Arezoo Rajabian, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki, Parichehr Hayatdavoudi, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia
This study was designed to investigate whether the extract from Boswellia serrata oleo-gum resin (BSE) can protect against glutamate-induced oxidative damage and cytotoxicity in PC12 and N2a cell lines. Using a simple and reliable reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the amount of 3-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) in the BSE was found to be 18.5% w/w. The results confirmed that BSE and AKBA, at concentrations as high as 100 μg/mL or 10 μM, respectively, caused no significant cytotoxicity or apoptotic cell death...
August 5, 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
Neha Sharma, Vikram Bhardwaj, Samar Singh, Sheikh Abid Ali, D K Gupta, Satya Paul, Naresh K Satti, Suresh Chandra, Mahendra K Verma
BACKGROUND: Boswellia serrata, also known as Indian frankincense is a commercially important medicinal plant which has been used for hundreds of years as an Ayurvedic medicine for the attempted treatment of arthritis. It contains naturally occurring triterpenoic acids, called as boswellic acids (BA's). RESULTS: A highly reproducible High performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet diode array detection (HPLC-UV-DAD) method was developed for the simultaneous determination and quantitative analysis of eight major triterpenoic acids in Boswellia serrata gum resin obtained by different extraction techniques...
2016: Chemistry Central Journal
L Pellegrini, E Milano, F Franceschi, G Belcaro, G Gizzi, B Feragalli, M Dugall, R Luzzi, S Togni, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Boswellia serrata extracts (BSE) have been traditionally used for the treatment of several inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel delivery form of BSE (Casperome®) in Ulcerative Colitis (UC) during minimally symptomatic remission phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this open-label, observational, registry study, informed participants with UC in remission phase (n = 43) freely decided to receive the oral daily Casperome® supplementation (n = 22) or no supplementation (n = 21) for 4 weeks...
June 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
John K Triantafillidis, Aikaterini Triantafyllidi, Constantinos Vagianos, Apostolos Papalois
The use of herbal therapy for inflammatory bowel disease is increasing worldwide. The aim of this study was to review the available literature on the efficacy of herbal therapy in experimental colitis. All relevant studies published in Medline and Embase up to June 2015 have been reviewed. The results of bowel histology and serum parameters have been recorded. A satisfactory number of published experimental studies, and a quite large one of both herbal and plant products tested in different studies have been reported...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Mohammad Ahmed Khan, Ruhi Ali, Rabea Parveen, Abul Kalam Najmi, Sayeed Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Increasing research on traditional herbal medicines and their phytoconstituents has recognized their usefulness in complementary as adjuvant to chemotherapy in various types of cancers. The oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata tree is one such folk medicine, which has been traditionally used for religious, cosmetic as well as medical purposes since ages. The oleo-gum resin of the plant has been used in traditional medicine to treat variety of conditions including inflammatory diseases like arthritis, asthma, chronic pain, bowel conditions and many other diseases...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Khemraj Bairwa, Sanjay Madhukar Jachak
CONTEXT: The oleo-gum-resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb. (Burseraceae) is widely used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. Anti-inflammatory activity of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (KBA) is impeded by poor oral bioavailability due to its high lipid solubility, rapid phase-1 metabolism and poor intestinal permeability. OBJECTIVE: This study developed a poly-dl-lactide-co-glycolide-based nanoparticle formulation of KBA to improve its oral bioavailability and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity...
June 16, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Mohammad Hosseini-Sharifabad, Razieh Kamali-Ardakani, Ali Hosseini-Sharifabad
OBJECTIVE: The hippocampal formation, particularly the dentate gyrus (DG), shows age-related morphological changes that could cause memory decline. It is indicated that Boswellia resins attenuates memory deficits and the major component of Boswellia serrata (Bs) gum resin, beta boswellic acid increased neurite outgrowth and branching in hippocampal neurons. This study was designed to investigate the effect of Boswellia treatment on spatial learning performance and the morphology of dentate granule cells in aged rats...
March 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Minchun Chen, Mingming Wang, Qiong Yang, Min Wang, Zhipeng Wang, Yanrong Zhu, Yikai Zhang, Chao Wang, Yanyan Jia, Yuwen Li, Aidong Wen
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the initiation and development of myocardial injury (MI). The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC‑1α)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway is considered to be a potential target for cardioprotection in MI. Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is the major organic acid component extracted from Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is the principal active constituent of Carthamus tinctorius L...
June 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Ali Ridha Mustafa Al-Yasiry, Bożena Kiczorowska
Recently, increasing interest in natural dietary and therapeutic preparations used as dietary supplements has been observed. One of them is frankincense. This traditional medicine of the East is believed to have anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antiseptic, and even anxiolytic and anti-neurotic effects. The present study aims to verify the reported therapeutic properties of Boswellia resin and describe its chemical composition based on available scientific studies. The main component of frankincense is oil (60%)...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Jürgen Meins, Christian Artaria, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz, Mona Abdel-Tawab
In consideration of the increasing popularity of frankincense and the widely published quality problems associated with botanical dietary supplements, a survey was conducted for the first time on the quality of frankincense containing botanical dietary supplements. Six US products representing 78 % of the units sold and 70 % of the market value, and 11 European products representing 30 % of the units sold and 40 % of the market value were tested for their boswellic acid composition profile, label compliance, and claimed health benefits...
April 2016: Planta Medica
Aya Shoukry Sayed, Nesrine Salah El Dine El Sayed
Neuro-inflammation is known to initiate the underlying pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders which may progress to cognitive, behavioral, and functional impairment. Boswellia serrata is a well-known powerful anti-inflammatory agent used to treat several inflammatory diseases. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of the combination therapy of 3-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA), a 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitor and celecoxib, and a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor as dual enzyme inhibitors compared to monotherapies with celecoxib and AKBA...
May 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
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