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Proprioception and shoulder

Dong-Gun Oh, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of independent and intensive therapeutic exercise using Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the size of calcium deposits, pain self-awareness, and shoulder joint function in a patient with calcific tendonitis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 42-year-old female patient with calcific tendonitis and acute pain who had difficulty with active movement and problems with general function. The independent and intensive Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise was applied for 40 min twice a day five times a week for two weeks for a total of 20 times...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Rayele Moreira, Lysnara Lial, Maria Gabriela Teles Monteiro, Alice Aragão, Lorena Santos David, Marcelo Coertjens, Fernando L Silva-Júnior, Gildário Dias, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Silmar Silva Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos
The motor rehabilitation is based on exercises that involve various joints and muscle groups. One such treatment method is Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF), which involves diagonal movements simulating many activities of daily living. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences between PNF and shoulder flexion movements performed without the diagonal component (i.e., only in the sagittal plane) using beta band absolute power as a measure of plasticity. The study included 30 volunteers randomized into three groups (control, PNF, and FLEX), with electroencephalographic signals captured before and after the performance of the task...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Rui Torres, Filipa Silva, Vera Pedrosa, João Ferreira, Alexandre Lopes
CONTEXT: A common intervention used by clinicians, cryotherapy poses several benefits in managing acute injuries. However, cooling muscle tissue can interfere with muscular properties and the sensory-motor system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was analyse the influence of cryotherapy with a crushed-ice pack on shoulder proprioception concerning joint position sense, force sense, the threshold for detecting passive movement, and maximal force production. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blind controlled trial...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Nivan Weerakkody, Trevor Allen
The impact that muscle fatigue and taping have on proprioception in an applied sporting context remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate disturbances in position sense at the shoulder joint, and asses the effectiveness of adhesive tape in preventing injury and improving performance, after a bout of cricket fast bowling. Among amateur cricket players (N = 14), shoulder position sense, maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force and bowling accuracy was assessed before and immediately after a fatiguing exercise bout of fast bowling...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Vinícius Yan Santos Nacimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Natália Barros Beltrão, Priscila Soares Dos Santos, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
This study evaluated the effects of instability on the EMG activity of scapular stabilizing and upper limb muscles during exercises with axial and rotational load. 20 male volunteers (20.9 ± 1.8 years, 174.1 ± 0.04 cm, 73.17 ± 8.77 kg) experienced in strength training participated in a crossover design. Muscle activation of anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (PD), pectoralis major (PM), biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) were determined on both conditions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Piccinini Giulia, Vincenzo Maria Saraceni, Federico Zangrando, Teresa Paolucci, Alessandro Sgalippa
OBJECTIVE: The shoulder competence in reaching movement has been known from the time. With this work we wanted to investigate the possible existence of an additional competence of the shoulder with respect to the ability to measure the extracorporeal space, using a new tool known as shoulder proprioceptive rehabilitation tool (SRPT) MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational case-control study on 50 subjects, 25 healthy subjects (HS) and 25 subjects with impingement syndrome (ISS) (2-3 for Neer classification)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Karen A Keenan, Jonathan S Akins, Michelle Varnell, John Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Scott Lephart, Timothy C Sell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of kinesiology tape (KT) on shoulder strength, proprioception, and scapular kinematics in healthy and Subacromial Impingement Syndrome (SAIS) subjects. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled quasi-experimental study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 physically active subjects participated. Ten healthy subjects with no previous history of shoulder pathology received KT on the dominant shoulder...
March 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
Chris K Lam, Craig D Tokuno, W Richard Staines, Leah R Bent
When an electrical stimulus is applied to perturb the vestibular system, a postural response is generated orthogonal to head orientation. It has previously been shown that there is a convergence of neck proprioceptive and vestibular input within the cerebellum to provide a head-on-body reference frame (Manzoni et al. in Neuroscience 93:1095-1107, 1999). The objective of this experiment was to determine whether the direction of the postural response to a vestibular perturbation is modulated when function of the cerebellar vermis is temporarily depressed...
September 6, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Elizabeth S Edwards, Yin-Liang Lin, Jacqlyn H King, Andrew R Karduna
Traditionally, proprioception has been assessed with a passive model, in which an external apparatus moves a body segment. Recently, protocols have been developed based on active movements, which are more representative of functional activities. However, even these approaches require expensive testing equipment and the necessity of a visit to a research lab, as there are no commercially available mobile instruments that allow for the assessment of proprioception outside of a laboratory setting. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the validity and feasibility of using a mobile device (iPod Touch) to assess joint position...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
Proprioception is essential for shoulder neuromuscular control and shoulder stability. Exercise of the rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles is an important part of shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscle exercises on shoulder joint position sense. Thirty-six healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned into either a control or training group. The subjects in the training group received closed-chain and open-chain exercises focusing on rotator cuff and scapulothoracic muscles for four weeks...
October 2016: Human Movement Science
R Lyndsey Rich, Aaron H Struminger, W Steven Tucker, Barry A Munkasy, A Barry Joyner, Thomas A Buckley
CONTEXT: Fatigue in overhead athletes reduces shoulder muscular contraction and proprioception. These deficits may lead to alterations in scapular upward rotation, which is associated with multiple chronic shoulder conditions prevalent in tennis players. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of a functional fatigue protocol on scapular upward rotation in collegiate male tennis players. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Research laboratory...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Tomohiro Amemiya, Hiroaki Gomi
Active touch sensing is known to facilitate the discrimination or recognition of the spatial properties of an object from the movement of tactile sensors on the skin and by integrating proprioceptive feedback about hand positions or motor commands related to ongoing hand movements. On the other hand, several studies have reported that tactile processing is suppressed by hand movement. Thus, it is unclear whether or not the active exploration of force direction by using hand or arm movement improves the perception of the force direction...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Ahmad Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen Iqbal, Einas Al-Eisa
Information about head orientation, position, and movement with respect to the trunk relies on the visual, vestibular, extensive muscular, and articular proprioceptive system of the neck. Various factors can affect proprioception since it is the function of afferent integration, and tuning of muscular and articular receptors. Pain, muscle fatigue, and joint position have been shown to affect proprioceptive capacity. Thus, it can be speculated that changes in body posture can alter the neck proprioception. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of body posture on cervicocephalic kinesthetic sense in healthy subjects...
June 2016: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Josef K Eichinger, Joseph W Galvin, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada, Xinning Li
➤Subtle forms of glenoid dysplasia may be more common than previously thought and likely predispose some patients to symptomatic posterior shoulder instability. Severe glenoid dysplasia is a rare condition with characteristic radiographic findings involving the posteroinferior aspect of the glenoid that often remains asymptomatic.➤Instability symptoms related to glenoid dysplasia may develop over time with increased activities or trauma. Physical therapy focusing on rotator cuff strengthening and proprioceptive control should be the initial management...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Nilay Comuk Balcı, Zeliha Ozlem Yuruk, Aslican Zeybek, Mustafa Gulsen, Mustafa Agah Tekindal
[Purpose] The aim of our study was to compare the initial effects of scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques and classic exercise interventions with physiotherapy modalities on pain, scapular dyskinesis, range of motion, and function in adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-three subjects were allocated to 3 groups: scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercies and physiotherapy modalities, classic exercise and physiotherapy modalities, and only physiotherapy modalities...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Alexandre Kretzer E Castro de Azevedo, Renato Claudino, Josilene Souza Conceição, Alessandra Swarowsky, Márcio José Dos Santos
The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticipatory (APA) and compensatory (CPA) postural adjustments in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) during lateral instability of posture. Twenty-six subjects (13 individuals with PD and 13 healthy matched controls) were exposed to predictable lateral postural perturbations. The electromyographic (EMG) activity of the lateral muscles and the displacement of the center of pressure (COP) were recorded during four time intervals that are typical for postural adjustments, i...
2016: PloS One
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dual chest banding using elastic bands on the shoulder pain of a scapular dyskinesis patient with winging and an elevated scapula. [Subject] The subject was a 40-year-old male scapular dyskinesis patient with winging, an elevated scapula, and shoulder pain. [Methods] This study developed a method of dual chest banding using elastic bands, and the subject applied this method for 1 month [Results] After applying dual chest banding for one month, the scapular position and scapular winging were improved when compared to the initial conditions...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jaroslaw Fabis, Remigiusz Rzepka, Anna Fabis, Jacek Zwierzchowski, Grzegorz Kubiak, Arkadiusz Stanula, Michal Polguj, Radek Maciej
BACKGROUND: Of all the most frequent soft tissue disorders of the shoulder, idiopathic frozen shoulder (IFS) offers the greatest potential for studying proprioception. Studies concerning the presence of proprioception dysfunctions have failed to determine the potential for spontaneous healing of passive shoulder stabilizers (anterior and posterior capsule, middle and inferior gleno-humeral ligaments), its relationship with passive (PJPS) and active (AJPS) shoulder proprioception for internal and external rotation (IR, ER), as well as the isokinetic muscle performance of the internal and external rotators...
March 12, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hasan Kerem Alptekin, Tuğba Aydın, Enes Serkan İflazoğlu, Mirsad Alkan
[Purpose] To evaluate treatments with interferential current, hot pack, ultrasound therapy, stretching, strengthening and range-of-motion exercises, comparing between the right and left shoulders in terms of pain and functional capacity in patients with frozen shoulder. This was a retrospective study. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-four patients (34 right side, 30 left side) were treated with interferential current and hot pack application for 20 min each, ultrasound therapy for 3 min, regular range-of-motion exercises, stretching exercises, strengthening with a Theraband in all directions and post-exercise proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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