Read by QxMD icon Read


Marcus Granegger, Martin Schweiger, Marianne Schmid Daners, Mirko Meboldt, Michael Hübler
PURPOSE: Rotary blood pumps are a promising treatment approach for patients with a total cavopulmonary connection and a failing cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic effects of cavopulmonary support using a numerical model with closed-loop baroreflex and exercise mechanisms. METHODS: A numerical model of the univentricular cardiovascular system was developed, mimicking the hemodynamics during rest and exercise. Rotary blood pumps with different hydraulic pump characteristics (flat vs steep pressure-flow relationships) were investigated in the cavopulmonary position...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Roosevelt Bryant, David Morales
Transplantation for adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is a growing clinical endeavor in the transplant community. Understanding the results and defining potential high-risk patient subsets will allow optimization of patient outcomes. This review summarizes the scope of ACHD transplantation, the mechanisms of late ventricular dysfunction, the ACHD population at risk of developing heart failure, the indications and potential contraindications for transplant, surgical considerations, and post-transplant outcomes...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior
This article reviews important features to improve the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) by applying ultrasound in prenatal cardiac screening. As low and high-risk pregnancies for CHD are subject to routine obstetric ultrasound, the diagnosis of structural heart defects represents a challenge that involves a team of specialists and subspecialists on fetal ultrasonography. In this review, the images highlight normal anatomy of the heart as well as pathologic cases consistent with cardiac malposition and isomerism, septal defects, pulmonary stenosis/atresia, aortic malformations, hypoplastic left ventricle, conotruncal anomalies, tricuspid dysplasia, and Ebstein's anomaly, and univentricular heart, among other congenital cardiovascular defects...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Sachin Talwar, Manikala Vinod Kumar, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Vishwa Prakash Gupta, Shiv Kumary Choudhary, Balram Airan
Background: The optimal timing, need for primary/staged procedure in patients undergoing univentricular palliation, is debatable. Aims: We performed this study to assess the exercise performance of patients undergoing various forms of univentricular palliation. Setting and Design: This was a retrospective, prospective comparative study conducted at a multispecialty tertiary referral center. Patients and Methods: Between January 2012 and June 2015, 117 patients undergoing either bidirectional Glenn (BDG) ( n = 43) or Fontan (total cavopulmonary connection [TCPC]) ( n = 74) underwent exercise testing...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Tadahisa Sugiura, Goki Matsumura, Shinka Miyamoto, Hideki Miyachi, Christopher K Breuer, Toshiharu Shinoka
OBJECTIVE: Tissue engineering holds great promise for the advancement of cardiovascular surgery as well as other medical fields. Tissue-engineered vascular grafts have the ability to grow and remodel and could therefore make great advances for pediatric cardiovascular surgery. In 2001, we began a human clinical trial evaluating these grafts in patients with a univentricular physiology. Herein, we report the long-term results of patients who underwent implantation of tissue-engineered vascular grafts as extracardiac total cavopulmonary conduits...
February 7, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Julia Hock, Barbara Reiner, Rhoia C Neidenbach, Renate Oberhoffer, Alfred Hager, Peter Ewert, Jan Müller
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with an univentricular heart after total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) have functional impairments. This study assesses health-related physical fitness (HRPF) and exercise capacity, as well as their relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with an univentricular heart after total-pulmonary connection (TCPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2014 and October 2016 a total of 78 children and adolescents with TCPC (12...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Uygar Yörüker, Hakan Akintürk
This article reviews our experience using hybrid stage I palliation in the neonatal period and subsequently with comprehensive stage II palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Between June 1998 and April 2017, 154 patients with the diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants underwent a hybrid stage I palliation (bilateral pulmonary artery banding and ductal stenting). One hundred thirty-nine patients could be further univentricularly palliated. One hundred twenty-one patients underwent a comprehensive stage II operation with an operative mortality of 6...
March 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Sathish M Chikkabyrappa, Rohit S Loomba, Justin T Tretter
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) is a rare complex cyanotic congenital heart disease with heterogeneous morphological variation. Prenatal diagnosis allows for developing a safe plan for delivery and postnatal management. While transthoracic echocardiography allows for detailed delineation of the cardiac anatomy, additional imaging modalities such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and catheterization may be necessary to further outline features of the cardiac anatomy, specifically coronary artery anatomy...
February 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Felix Neunhoeffer, Michael Hofbeck, Martin Ulrich Schuhmann, Jörg Fuchs, Christian Schlensak, Martin Esslinger, Ines Gerbig, Vanya Icheva, Ellen Heimberg, Matthias Kumpf, Jörg Michel
OBJECTIVE: Although infants following major surgery frequently require RBC transfusions, there is still controversy concerning the best definition for requirement of transfusion in the individual patient. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of RBC transfusion on cerebral oxygen metabolism in noncardiac and cardiac postsurgical infants. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric critical care unit of a tertiary referral center...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Miriam Kuhn, Andreas Hornung, Heidi Ulmer, Christian Schlensak, Michael Hofbeck, Gesa Wiegand
There are many complex cardiac malformations that are characterized by a functionally univentricular physiology. Staged surgical repair according to the Fontan principle separates the systemic and pulmonary circulations by connecting the systemic venous return to the pulmonary arteries. However, long-term follow-up studies demonstrate a gradual deterioration of cardiac function, particularly from the second or third decade. Noninvasive evaluation of the cardiac function is, therefore, important in the follow-up of these patients...
February 3, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Laura S Kverneland, Peter Kramer, Stanislav Ovroutski
Almost fifty years after its first clinical application, the modified Fontan operation is among the most frequently performed procedures in congenital heart disease surgery in children today. The objective of this review is to systematically summarize the international evolution of outcomes in regard to morbidity and mortality of patients with Fontan palliation. All studies published over the past five decades with more than 100 Fontan patients included were screened. In eligible studies, information concerning preoperative patients' characteristics, Fontan modifications employed, early mortality, long-term survival and frequency of relevant complications was extracted...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Xiaomin He, Botao Gao, Guocheng Shi, Huiwen Chen, Xinwei Du, Zhiwei Xu, Jinfen Liu, Zhongqun Zhu, Jinghao Zheng
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we summarize the experiences and evaluate clinical outcomes for the delayed diagnosis of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) patients when undergoing an initial visit and diagnosis in our heart center. METHODS: Fifty-eight cases of delayed diagnosis of PAIVS in patients aged more than 6 months between January 2006 and June 2016 were reviewed in our hospital. The median age at initial diagnosis was 12.2 months (range, 6...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Francesco Secchi, Marco Alì, Marcello Petrini, Francesca Romana Pluchinotta, Andrea Cozzi, Mario Carminati, Francesco Sardanelli
PURPOSE: To validate a blood-threshold (BT) segmentation software for cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) cine images in patients with functional univentricular heart (FUH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated retrospectively 44 FUH patients aged 25 ± 8 years (mean ± standard deviation). For each patient, the epicardial contour of the single ventricle was manually segmented on cine images by two readers and an automated BT algorithm was independently applied to calculate end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF), and cardiac mass (CM)...
January 22, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Yasuhiro Hirano, Noboru Inamura, Yukiko Kawazu, Hisaaki Aoki, Futoshi Kayatani, Shigemitsu Iwai, Hiroaki Kawata
BACKGROUND: At our institution, we perform bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) as the first-stage palliation for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with low birth weight or severe subaortic stenosis (SAS). The present study aimed to identify factors that may influence the decision regarding the type of second-stage operation, that is, univentricular palliation or biventricular repair, in these patients. METHODS: Cardiac catheterization and angiographic data of nine patients with IAA who underwent initial BPAB and subsequent univentricular or biventricular repair were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Syed M Peer, Kristopher B Deatrick, Thomas J Johnson, Jonathan W Haft, Francis D Pagani, Richard G Ohye, Edward L Bove, Alvaro Rojas-Peña, Ming-Sing Si
BACKGROUND: Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) of a failing Fontan circulation remains challenging. We hypothesized that MCS can be provided by converting the Fontan circulation into a mechanically assisted single ventricle parallel circulation (MASVC). METHODS: A porcine model of functionally univentricular circulation was created under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by performing an atrial septectomy, tricuspid valvectomy, and interrupting antegrade pulmonary blood flow...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Sachin Talwar, Lakshmi Sankhyan, Chetan Patel, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Balram Airan
OBJECTIVES: The Fontan procedure [total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC)] is the final palliation for patients with univentricular physiology. We studied differential perfusion ratio and percentage uptake of a radiotracer in different zones of each lung following TCPC. METHODS: Between July 2015 and June 2017, 45 patients underwent 99mTc macroaggregated albumin lung perfusion scan at a mean follow-up period of 49.3 ± SD 26.1 days following TCPC. Differential perfusion ratio and percentage uptake of the radiotracer in the upper, middle and lower zones of each lung were calculated...
December 11, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Heike E Schneider, Verena Gravenhorst, Thomas Paul, Claudius Jacobshagen
We present a 22-year-old patient with a univentricular heart who had already undergone five open heart surgeries including a Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure, Fontan completion and tricuspid valve replacement. In addition, epimyocardial pacemaker implantation and repeated revisions had been necessary. He developed symptomatic free regurgitation of the pulmonary portion of his DKS anastomosis. To avoid additional high-risk open-heart surgery, we successfully implanted an Edwards Sapien 3 valve transfemorally in the pulmonary portion of the DKS anastomosis relieving insufficiency...
December 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Assami Rösner, Tigran Khalapyan, Håvard Dalen, Doff B McElhinney, Mark K Friedberg, George K Lui
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested the presence of dyssynchrony in the functionally single ventricle. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of classic-pattern dyssynchrony (CPD), characterized by typical early and late deformation of opposite walls, and its relation to QRS duration and myocardial function in patients with single-ventricle physiology after Fontan palliation. METHODS: In a retrospective cross-sectional study, 101 adolescent and adult patients with single-ventricle physiology after the Fontan procedure were investigated...
February 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Nathalie H P Claessens, Selma O Algra, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Floris Groenendaal, Esther de Wit, Alexander A Wilbrink, Felix Haas, Antonius N J Schouten, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Manon J N L Benders, Linda S de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Neonates with congenital heart disease may have an increased risk of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, but incidence rates are lacking. This study describes the clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Forty neonates (78% male) requiring neonatal univentricular or biventricular cardiac repair using cardiopulmonary bypass were included. All underwent preoperative (median postnatal day 7) and postoperative (median postoperative day 7) magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, including venography, to detect cerebral sinovenous thrombosis...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kerry L Gaskin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences of one specific timepoint in their infant's journey: the transition from hospital to home, following the first stage of their infant's cardiac surgery for complex congenital heart disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal mixed methods study, underpinned with Middle Range Transition Theory (Meleis, Sawyer, Im, Hilfinger Messias, & Schumacher, 2000). Face to face and telephone interviews were conducted and self-report forms completed by parents at four-time points: before discharge (T0), 2weeks after discharge (T1), 8weeks after discharge (T2) and after stage two surgery (T3)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"