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Renal failure and heart transplant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865440/hemoglobin-of-12-g-dl-and-above-is-not-associated-with-increased-cardiovascular-morbidity-in-children-on-hemodialysis
#1
Michelle N Rheault, Julia T Molony, Thomas Nevins, Charles A Herzog, Blanche M Chavers
In adults on chronic hemodialysis, achieving a hemoglobin concentration of 12g/dl and above with erythropoiesis stimulating agents leads to increased cardiovascular events and mortality, but this may not be true in children. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients (under 18) from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) project (2000 to 2008) merged with the United States Renal Data System. Hemoglobin was determined from the Clinical Performance Measures data, and beginning annually on January 1st of the next year, patients were followed for up to 1 year...
November 16, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862040/central-extracorporeal-life-support-with-left-ventricular-decompression-to-berlin-heart-excor-a-reliable-bridge-to-bridge-strategy-in-crash-and-burn-patients
#2
Alexander Weymann, Mina Farag, Anton Sabashnikov, Javid Fatullayev, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Rawa Arif, Florian Müller, Christina Alt, Philip Raake, Nikhil Prakash Patil, Aron-Frederik Popov, Andre Rüdiger Simon, Matthias Karck, Arjang Ruhparwar
The aim of this study was to compare patients with severe biventricular heart failure who underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (cardiogenic shock [CS] status) or without the need for preoperative extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as a bridge to long-term device. A total of 40 consecutive patients with severe biventricular heart failure underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (CS status, n = 20, 50%) or without (control, n = 20, 50%) the need for preoperative ECLS as a bridge to long-term device from March 2007 to May 2015 at our institution...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861476/-combined-heart-kidney-transplantation-in-mexic
#3
Guillermo Careaga-Reyna, Hugo Jesús Zetina-Tun, Carlos Alberto Lezama-Urtecho, José Mariano Hernández-Domínguez, Marlene Santos-Caballero
BACKGROUND: In our country, heart and kidney transplantation is a novel option for treatment of combined terminal heart and kidney failure. This program began in 2012 for selected patients with documented terminal heart failure and structural kidney damage with renal failure. Description of cases: Between January 1, 2012 and April 30, 2016, we made 92 orthotopic heart transplantations. In five of these cases the heart transplantation was combined with kidney transplantation. RESULTS: There were three male and two female patients with a mean age 25...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776720/identifying-different-causes-of-hyponatremia-with-fractional-excretion-of-uric-acid
#4
Louis J Imbriano, Joseph Mattana, James Drakakis, John K Maesaka
BACKGROUND: There is controversy over the prevalence of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and cerebral or renal salt wasting (RSW), 2 syndromes with identical common clinical and laboratory parameters but different therapies. The traditional approach to the hyponatremic patient relies on volume assessment, but there are limitations to this method. METHODS: We used an algorithm that relies on fractional excretion of urate (FEurate) to evaluate patients with hyponatremia and present 4 illustrative cases...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774264/initial-3-year-outcomes-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices-in-a-country-with-a-nascent-heart-transplantation-program
#5
Yuriy Pya, Makhabbat Bekbossynova, Saltanat Jetybayeva, Serik Bekbossynov, Saltanat Andossova, Roman Salov, Assel Medressova, Svetlana Novikova, Muradym Murzagaliyev
AIMS: The need for the left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) in patients with end-stage heart failure is well established, but prior to 2011, this was not available to patients in Kazakhstan. We describe the development of the sole LVAD programme in the context of a nascent heart transplantation programme and clinical outcomes for the first three years. METHODS AND RESULTS: From November 2011 to November 2014, 146 patients underwent implantation of 152 VADs (approximately 50 devices implanted per year)...
March 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760547/secondary-bladder-amyloidosis-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-in-a-living-donor-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#6
Sentaro Imamura, Shintaro Narita, Ryuta Nishikomori, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Kazuyuki Numakura, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Nanjo, Toshio Heike, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
BACKGROUND: Secondary bladder amyloidosis is an extremely rare disease, resulting from a chronic systematic inflammatory disorder associated with amyloid deposits. Although uncommon in Japan, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever of short duration and serositis and is frequently associated with systemic amyloidosis. Here, we present a case of a Japanese patient complaining of fever and macroscopic hematuria after a living donor renal transplantation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693207/anesthetic-management-of-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-tavr-in-a-heart-transplant-recipient-with-severely-depressed-left-ventricular-function-and-renal-failure
#7
Swaroop Margale, Sarvesh Natani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686602/association-of-recipient-age-and-causes-of-heart-transplant-mortality-implications-for-personalization-of-post-transplant-management-an-analysis-of-the-international-society-for-heart-and-lung-transplantation-registry
#8
Omar Wever-Pinzon, Leah B Edwards, David O Taylor, Abdallah G Kfoury, Stavros G Drakos, Craig H Selzman, James C Fang, Lars H Lund, Josef Stehlik
BACKGROUND: Survival beyond 1 year after heart transplantation has remained without significant improvement for the last 2 decades. A more individualized approach to post-transplant care could result in a reduction of long-term mortality. Although recipient age has been associated with an increased incidence of certain post-transplant morbidities, its effect on cause-specific mortality has not been established. METHODS: We analyzed overall and cause-specific mortality of heart transplant recipients registered in the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Registry between 1995 and 2011...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642059/kidney-transplantation-as-a-therapeutic-option-for-end-stage-renal-disease-developing-after-heart-transplantation
#9
Avishay Grupper, Ayelet Grupper, Richard C Daly, Naveen L Pereira, Matthew A Hathcock, Walter K Kremers, Fernando G Cosio, Brooks S Edwards, Sudhir S Kushwaha
BACKGROUND: Progressive renal failure is a frequent complication after heart transplantation (HTx). It may result in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), prompting consideration of kidney Tx after HTx (KAH). METHODS: We performed a retrospective single-center study of 268 HTx recipients to evaluate outcomes after KAH compared with HTx recipients with and without ESRD. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 76 months, ESRD developed in 51 patients (19), and 39 of them (76%) underwent KAH...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614937/circulating-galectin-3-levels-are-persistently-elevated-after-heart-transplantation-and-are-associated-with%C3%A2-renal-dysfunction
#10
Avishay Grupper, Jose Nativi-Nicolau, Joseph J Maleszewski, Jennifer R Geske, Walter K Kremers, Brooks S Edwards, Sudhir S Kushwaha, Naveen L Pereira
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated changes in serum levels of galectin-3 (Gal-3) before and after heart transplantation (HTx) and assessed the role of pre-HTx Gal-3 as a biomarker for post-HTx outcomes. BACKGROUND: Gal-3 is a novel biomarker that reflects cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. Elevated serum Gal-3 levels are associated with poor prognosis in heart failure patients. Whether Gal-3 levels change following HTx and the significance of post-HTx outcomes are unknown...
August 27, 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610249/severe-bioprosthetic-mitral-valve-stenosis-and-heart-failure-in-a-young-woman-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Siddharth Wartak, Isaac Akkad, Adnan Sadiq, Gregory Crooke, Manfred Moskovits, Robert Frankel, Gerald Hollander, Jacob Shani
A 23-year-old African American woman with a past medical history of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), secondary hypertension, and end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis for eight years was stable until she developed symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation with preserved ejection fraction. She underwent a bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (MVR) at outside hospital. However, within a year of her surgery, she presented to our hospital with NYHA class IV symptoms. She was treated for heart failure but in view of her persistent symptoms and low EF was considered for heart and kidney transplant...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577028/total-artificial-heart-and-chronic-haemodialysis-a-possible-bridge-to-transplantation
#12
Julien Demiselle, Virginie Besson, Johnny Sayegh, Jean-François Subra, Jean-François Augusto
BACKGROUND: Total artificial heart (TAH) device is sometimes necessary to treat end stage heart failure (HF). After surgery, renal impairment can occur with the need of renal replacement therapy. METHOD: We report the case of a 51-year-old man who was treated with conventional hemodialysis (HD) while on support with TAH. RESULTS: The patient underwent HD while on TAH support during 14 months. He benefited from conventional HD, 6 sessions per week...
August 30, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569963/outcomes-and-readmissions-after-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-heartmate-ii-versus-heartware-ventricular-assist-device
#13
O N Tuncer, C Kemaloğlu, O Erbasan, I Gölbaşı, C Türkay, Ö Bayezid
INTRODUCTION: Donor organ shortage is still a problem for heart transplantation. Only 10% of patients in waiting list undergo heart transplantation. Over the last 5 years, 2 different continuous flow pumps, the HeartMate II and the HeartWare, have been successful clinically in the alternative treatment of patients with end-stage heart disease. METHODS: Fifty-five patients underwent left ventricular assist device implantation between 2011 and 2014. Patients were followed on pump support for complications and intraoperative outcomes...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569941/bone-disease-and-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-levels-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#14
Y Coskun, S Paydas, M Balal, S Soyupak, E Kara
BACKGROUND: Posttransplantation bone disease develops commonly and results in important complications. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between bone diseases and serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) in renal transplant recipients. METHODS: This study was conducted in 106 kidney transplant recipients (KTrs; group G1) and 30 patients with chronic kidney disease (group G2). Patients with fever, heart failure, angina pectoris, acute renal failure, malignant disease, or any gastrointestinal disease were excluded...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530995/renal-resistive-index-not-only-kidney
#15
Pierpaolo Di Nicolò, Antonio Granata
From growing data from the literature emerges that so-called ecoDoppler "Renal" Resistive Indexes (RRI) are not only specific markers of kidney damage and indicators of renal functional prognosis but they always express more clearly a strong link with the systemic circulation. In fact, some cardiovascular parameters such as aortic pulse pressure, aortic stiffness, abdominal aortic calcifications and clinical settings for instance heart failure progression have shown a great association with RRI. Relationships between renal and inflammatory indexes in hypertensive patients have been found and data from the literature on kidney transplants underline the capability of the graft RRI to change according to host hemodynamic features...
August 16, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523462/prognostic-impact-of-bnp-variations-in-patients-admitted-for-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-with-in-hospital-worsening-renal-function
#16
D Stolfo, E Stenner, M Merlo, A G Porto, C Moras, G Barbati, A Aleksova, A Buiatti, G Sinagra
BACKGROUND: The significance of worsening renal function (WRF) in patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is still controversial. We hypothesised that changes in brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) might identify patients with optimal diuretic responsiveness resulting in transient WRF, not negatively affecting the prognosis. Our aim was to verify if in-hospital trends of BNP might be helpful in the stratification of patients with WRF after treatment for ADHF. METHODS: 122 consecutive patients admitted for ADHF were enrolled...
July 19, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500271/a-proposal-for-early-dosing-regimens-in-heart-transplant-patients-receiving-thymoglobulin-and-calcineurin-inhibition
#17
REVIEW
Markus J Barten, Uwe Schulz, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Michael Berchtold-Herz, Udo Boeken, Jens Garbade, Stephan Hirt, Manfred Richter, Arjang Ruhpawar, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Felix Schönrath, Rene Schramm, Martin Schweiger, Markus Wilhelm, Andreas Zuckermann
There is currently no consensus regarding the dose or duration of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) induction in different types of heart transplant patients, or the timing and intensity of initial calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) therapy in rATG-treated individuals. Based on limited data and personal experience, the authors propose an approach to rATG dosing and initial CNI administration. Usually rATG is initiated immediately after exclusion of primary graft failure, although intraoperative initiation may be appropriate in specific cases...
June 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500264/outcomes-of-living-donor-liver-transplantation-alone-for-patients-on-maintenance-renal-replacement-therapy-in-japan-results-of-a-nationwide-survey
#18
Susumu Eguchi, Hiroyuki Furukawa, Shinji Uemoto, Koji Umeshita, Hajime Imamura, Akihiko Soyama, Tsuyoshi Shimamura, Shuji Isaji, Yasuhiro Ogura, Hiroto Egawa, Shigeyuki Kawachi, Mureo Kasahara, Hiroaki Nagano, Yonson Ku, Hideki Ohdan, Yoshihiko Maehara, Shuntaro Sato, Yukihiro Inomata
BACKGROUND: Because simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation has been limited as a standard practice because of a severe shortage of deceased donors in Japan, living donor (LD) liver transplantation alone (LTA) is indicated in most recipients with maintenance renal replacement therapy (MRRT). METHODS: A retrospective nationwide survey of LD LTA was performed for liver transplant patients on MRRT. The characteristics of donors and recipients, postoperative complications, survival rate, and causes of death were analyzed...
June 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496486/predictive-value-of-hepatic-and-renal-dysfunction-based-on-the-models-for-end-stage-liver-disease-in-patients-with-heart-failure-evaluated-for-heart-transplant
#19
B Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, P Nadziakiewicz, M Zakliczynski, W Szczurek, J Chraponski, M Zembala, M Gasior
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of prognosis and determination of a long-term treatment strategy is an important element of management in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: The aim of the study was to determine the prognostic value of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) and its modifications, MELD and serum sodium (MELD-Na) and MELD excluding the international normalized ratio (MELD-XI), as well as other independent risk factors for death during a 4-year follow-up...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496475/predictive-value-of-the-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-score-excluding-international-normalized-ratio-one-year-after-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#20
B Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, M Zakliczyński, W Szczurek, P Nadziakiewicz, M Gąsior, M Zembala
BACKGROUND: The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scoring system incorporating a combination of hepatic and renal laboratory parameters does not adequately reflect the degree of multi-organ dysfunction in patients with heart failure, who need oral anticoagulation. In order to exclude the impact of oral anticoagulation on the international normalized ratio (INR), we used the MELD excluding INR (MELD-XI) score. The aims of the study were to calculate the individual preoperative MELD-XI score and its ability to predict 1-year mortality after heart transplantation and to identify other preoperative laboratory prognostic parameters...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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