keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioral emergencies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#1
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#2
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723913/prebiotic-selection-for-motifs-in-a-model-of-template-free-elongation-of-polymers-within-compartments
#3
Grant Kinsler, Sam Sinai, Nicholas Keone Lee, Martin A Nowak
The transition from prelife where self-replication does not occur, to life which exhibits self-replication and evolution, has been a subject of interest for many decades. Membranes, forming compartments, seem to be a critical component of this transition as they provide several concurrent benefits. They maintain localized interactions, generate electro-chemical gradients, and help in selecting cooperative functions as they arise. These functions pave the way for the emergence and maintenance of simple metabolic cycles and polymers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723348/central-serotonin-attenuates-lps-induced-systemic-inflammation
#4
Clarissa M D Mota, Caroline Rodrigues-Santos, Rodrigo A R Fernández, Ruither O G Carolino, José Antunes-Rodrigues, Janete A Anselmo-Franci, Luiz G S Branco
Serotonin (5-HT) is a neuromodulator involved in several central-mediated mechanisms, such as endocrine processes, behavior, and sleep. Dysfunction of the serotonergic system is mainly linked to psychiatric disorders, but emerging evidence suggests that immune system activation may also alter brain 5-HT signaling. However, whether central 5-HT modulates systemic inflammation (SI) remains unknown. For this purpose, male Wistar rats (280-350 g, 8-9 weeks) were submitted to the experimental protocols beginning between 9 and 10 AM with the performance of injections...
July 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722640/the-role-of-risk-proximity-in-the-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-mosquito-borne-diseases-the-case-of-chikungunya-in-french-guiana
#5
Claude Flamand, Camille Fritzell, Pauline Obale, Philippe Quenel, Jocelyn Raude
Human behaviors are increasingly recognized to play a key role in the spread of infectious diseases. Although a set of social and cognitive determinants has been consistently found to affect the adoption of health protective behaviors aiming to control and prevent a variety of infections, little is currently known about the ecological drivers of these behaviors in epidemic settings. In this article, we took advantage of the outbreak of chikungunya, a reemerging mosquito-borne disease, that occurred in French Guiana in 2014-15 to test empirically the assumption proposed by Zielinski-Gutierrez and Hayden that the proximity of the disease and perceptions of the natural environment may considerably shape public response to an emerging health threat...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721361/role-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-learning-and-memory-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-like-neuropathology-in-the-ps19-and-app-swe-mouse-models-of-tauopathy-and-amyloidosis
#6
Denise Isabelle Briggs, Erwin Defensor, Pooneh Memar Ardestani, Bitna Yi, Michelle Halpain, Guy Seabrook, Mehrdad Shamloo
Emerging evidence suggests that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may be involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, pharmacological modulation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor-2 (eIF2α) pathway was achieved using an integrated stress response inhibitor (ISRIB). While members of this signaling cascade have been suggested as potential therapeutic targets for neurodegeneration, the biological significance of this pathway has not been comprehensively assessed in animal models of AD...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721207/heterocellular-cadherin-connections-coordinating-adhesive-cues-in-homeostasis-and-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Silvia Fontenete, Daniel Peña-Jimenez, Mirna Perez-Moreno
This short insight covers some of the recent topics relevant to the field of cadherin-catenin adhesion in mediating connections between different cell types, so-called heterotypic or heterocellular connections, in both homeostasis and cancer. These scientific discoveries are increasing our understanding of how multiple cells residing in complex tissues can be instructed by cadherin adhesion receptors to regulate tissue architecture and function and how these cadherin-mediated heterocellular connections spur tumor growth and the acquisition of malignant characteristics in tumor cells...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721057/safety-tolerability-and-risks-associated-with-first-and-second-generation-antipsychotics-a-state-of-the-art-clinical-review
#8
REVIEW
Marco Solmi, Andrea Murru, Isabella Pacchiarotti, Juan Undurraga, Nicola Veronese, Michele Fornaro, Brendon Stubbs, Francesco Monaco, Eduard Vieta, Mary V Seeman, Christoph U Correll, André F Carvalho
Since the discovery of chlorpromazine (CPZ) in 1952, first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) have revolutionized psychiatric care in terms of facilitating discharge from hospital and enabling large numbers of patients with severe mental illness (SMI) to be treated in the community. Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) ushered in a progressive shift from the paternalistic management of SMI symptoms to a patient-centered approach, which emphasized targets important to patients - psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and recovery...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720552/autoimmune-limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Onur Akın, Aylin Kılınç Uğurlu, Emine Demet Akbaş, Esra Döğer, Yılmaz Akbaş, Aysun Bideci, Özge Yüce, Kıvılcım Gücüyener, Orhun Çamurdan, Neşe Karabacak, Peyami Cinaz
Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibodies can participate in the pathogenesis of both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and limbic encephalitis (LE). However, an association between T1DM and LE is very rare. We report a patient who was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus six months after encountering limbic encephalitis. A 16-year-old boy was admitted with behavioral changes, confusion, and headache. He was diagnosed with LE. Anti-GAD levels were high. He was treated with pulse methylprednisolone. During the steroid treatment, neurological symptoms improved but hyperglycemia occurred...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720479/interaction-between-prenatal-risk-and-infant-parasympathetic-and-sympathetic-stress-reactivity-predicts-early-aggression
#10
J Suurland, K B Van der Heijden, S C J Huijbregts, S H M Van Goozen, H Swaab
Nonreciprocal action of the parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) nervous systems, increases susceptibility to emotional and behavioral problems in children exposed to adversity. Little is known about the PNS and SNS in interaction with early adversity during infancy. Yet this is when the physiological systems involved in emotion regulation are emerging and presumably most responsive to environmental influences. We examined whether parasympathetic respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and sympathetic pre-ejection period (PEP) response and recovery at six months, moderate the association between cumulative prenatal risk and physical aggression at 20 months (N=113)...
July 15, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719614/beat-id-towards-a-computationally-low-cost-single-heartbeat-biometric-identity-check-system-based-on-electrocardiogram-wave-morphology
#11
Joana S Paiva, Duarte Dias, João P S Cunha
In recent years, safer and more reliable biometric methods have been developed. Apart from the need for enhanced security, the media and entertainment sectors have also been applying biometrics in the emerging market of user-adaptable objects/systems to make these systems more user-friendly. However, the complexity of some state-of-the-art biometric systems (e.g., iris recognition) or their high false rejection rate (e.g., fingerprint recognition) is neither compatible with the simple hardware architecture required by reduced-size devices nor the new trend of implementing smart objects within the dynamic market of the Internet of Things (IoT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719141/neonatal-infection-produces-significant-changes-in-immune-function-with-no-associated-learning-deficits-in-juvenile-rats
#12
Brittany F Osborne, Jasmine I Caulfield, Samantha A Solomotis, Jaclyn M Schwarz
The current experiments examined the impact of early-life immune activation and a subsequent mild immune challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 25µg/kg) on hippocampal-dependent learning, proinflammatory cytokine expression in the brain, and peripheral immune function in juvenile male and female rats at P24, an age when hippocampal-dependent learning and memory first emerges. Our results indicate that neonatal infection did not produce learning deficits in the hippocampal-dependent context pre-exposure facilitation effect (CPFE) paradigm in juvenile males and females, contrary to what has been observed in adults...
July 18, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718621/illuminating-the-cell-s-biochemical-activity-architecture
#13
Sohum Mehta, Jin Zhang
All cellular behaviors arise through the coordinated actions of numerous intracellular biochemical pathways. Over the past twenty years, efforts to probe intracellular biochemical processes have undergone a fundamental transformation brought about by advances in fluorescence imaging, such as the development of genetically encoded fluorescent reporters and new imaging technologies; the impact of these approaches on our understanding of the molecular underpinnings of biological function cannot be understated...
July 18, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718047/antigenic-variability-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-o-during-serial-cytolytic-passage
#14
Saravanan Subramaniam, Biswajit Das, Jitendra K Biswal, Rajeev Ranjan, Bramhadev Pattnaik
The emergence and disappearance of antigenic variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) during a field outbreak occurs periodically due to the volatile nature of its genome. In the present analysis, change in antigenic behavior of serotype O FMDV during the serial cytolytic passage in the absence of immune pressure was observed. Initially, the isolate showed a poor antigenic match (relationship value <0.3) with the serotype O vaccine strain and upon serial passage increase in relationship value was observed...
July 17, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717754/surgical-management-of-breast-cancer-in-africa-a-continent-wide-review-of-intervention-practices-barriers-to-care-and-adjuvant-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Stephanie A Sutter, Aaron Slinker, Deo Darius Balumuka, Katrina B Mitchell
Breast cancer has emerged as a leading cancer among women in Africa, necessitating improved understanding of its management across the continent. Although previous studies have described regional trends in therapy, this review aims to summarize continent-wide management and focus specifically on surgical interventions. Current literature shows that the rates of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy vary across different countries and institutions, indicating the need for greater use of standardized cancer treatment guidelines...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717366/interrelationship-between-climatic-ecologic-social-and-cultural-determinants-affecting-dengue-emergence-and-transmission-in-puerto-rico-and-their-implications-for-zika-response
#16
REVIEW
Angela Matysiak, Amira Roess
OBJECTIVE: The global resurgence of dengue has been attributed to rapid population growth, urban expansion, increased air travel, globalization, and climate change. Dengue is now endemic in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico is at risk for Zika, another emerging arbovirus. The interrelationship between climatic, ecological, social, and cultural factors that affect dengue and other arboviruses' transmission is understudied. DESIGN: The objective of this systematic review is to examine the interrelationship between climatic, ecological, social, and cultural factors on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico and to draw lessons for Zika response...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716967/contextual-and-developmental-differences-in-the-neural-architecture-of-cognitive-control
#17
Raluca Petrican, Cheryl L Grady
Since both development and context impact functional brain architecture, the neural connectivity signature of a cognitive or affective predisposition may similarly vary across different ages and circumstances. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of age and cognitive versus social-affective context on the stable and time-varying neural architecture of inhibition, the putative core cognitive control component, in a subsample (N= 359 [22-36 yrs], 174 men) of the Human Connectome Project. Among younger individuals, a neural signature of superior inhibition emerged in both stable and dynamic connectivity analyses...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715990/single-subject-studies-in-translational-nutrition-research
#18
Nicholas J Schork, Laura H Goetz
There is a great deal of interest in personalized, individualized, or precision interventions for disease and health-risk mitigation. This is as true of nutrition-based intervention and prevention strategies as it is for pharmacotherapies and pharmaceutical-oriented prevention strategies. Essentially, technological breakthroughs have enabled researchers to probe an individual's unique genetic, biochemical, physiological, behavioral, and exposure profile, allowing them to identify very specific and often nuanced factors that an individual might possess, which may make it more or less likely that he or she responds favorably to a particular intervention (e...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715420/blood-vessel-tortuosity-selects-against-evolution-of-aggressive-tumor-cells-in-confined-tissue-environments-a-modeling-approach
#19
András Szabó, Roeland M H Merks
Cancer is a disease of cellular regulation, often initiated by genetic mutation within cells, and leading to a heterogeneous cell population within tissues. In the competition for nutrients and growth space within the tumors the phenotype of each cell determines its success. Selection in this process is imposed by both the microenvironment (neighboring cells, extracellular matrix, and diffusing substances), and the whole of the organism through for example the blood supply. In this view, the development of tumor cells is in close interaction with their increasingly changing environment: the more cells can change, the more their environment will change...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715296/a-self-determination-theory-based-self-myofascial-release-program-in-older-adults-with-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-neck-and-back-a-pilot-study
#20
Minyoung Lee, Minhee Kim, Sejun Oh, Yoon-Jin Choi, Dongshin Lee, Sang Heon Lee, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and adherence to a self-determination theory (SDT)-based self-myofascial release (SMR) program in older adults with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), and to investigate the factors that influence participant behavioral change while conducting the program in a home setting. METHODS: An explanatory mixed-method design was used to evaluate a 12-week SDT-based SMR program, including a 4-week group-based education and practice (EP) phase and an 8-week home-based self-management (SM) phase...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
keyword
keyword
115302
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"