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Canine acute pancreatitis

Dong-In Kim, Hakhyun Kim, Purum Son, Ji-Houn Kang, Byeong-Teck Kang, Mhan-Pyo Yang
The present study aimed to determine whether circulating serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH)D] differed between healthy dogs and dogs with acute pancreatitis (AP). Twenty-two healthy dogs and twenty client-owned dogs with AP were enrolled in the study. Serum concentrations of 25-(OH)D, blood ionized calcium (iCa), and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. Concentrations of serum 25-(OH)D and blood iCa in dogs with AP were significantly lower than those of healthy dogs, and serum concentrations of CRP in dogs with AP were significantly higher than those of healthy dogs...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Jessica P Harris, Nolie K Parnell, Emily H Griffith, Korinn E Saker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early enteral nutritional therapy on time to return to voluntary intake, maximum food consumption, incidence of gastrointestinal intolerance (GI), and total hospitalization time for dogs with acute pancreatitis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of dogs with pancreatitis at a veterinary teaching hospital between 2010 and 2013. ANIMALS: Thirty-four client-owned dogs diagnosed with acute or acute-on-chronic pancreatitis...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Irida V Kalli, Katerina K Adamama-Moraitou, Michael N Patsika, Dimitra Pardali, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, George Menexes, Georgia D Brellou, Timoleon S Rallis
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic abnormalities during canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis have not been studied prospectively. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of canine serum pancreas-specific lipase (Spec cPL) concentration in dogs with CPV enteritis for the presence of acute pancreatitis (AP). Puppies with naturally occurring CPV enteritis were recruited and prospectively allocated into 2 groups according to normal or increased serum Spec cPL concentration...
January 26, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Rodney Rouse, Barry Rosenzweig, Katie Shea, Alan Knapton, Sharron Stewart, Lin Xu, Ashok Chockalingam, Leah Zadrozny, Karol Thompson
Pancreas-enriched microRNAs have been experimentally investigated in rodents as candidate serum biomarkers of pancreatic injury with several different acute pancreatic injury models. In the present study, temporal and magnitude responses of exocrine pancreas-enriched miR-216a, miR-216b, and miR-217 and endocrine-enriched miR-375 and miR-148a were measured by droplet digital PCR in serum in a caerulein model of pancreatic injury in the dog. All 5 microRNAs followed a similar time course that mirrored the responses of the conventional serum pancreatic injury biomarkers, amylase and lipase...
January 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Toru Sato, Koichi Ohno, Takashi Tamamoto, Mariko Oishi, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Kenjiro Fukushima, Yuko Goto-Koshino, Masashi Takahashi, Hajime Tsujimoto
Canine pancreatitis is a relatively common disorder, and its mortality rate remains high. However, prognostic factors for pancreatitis based on evidence are limited. Moreover, the relationship between changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration-an important prognostic factor for human patients with acute pancreatitis-and the prognosis of dogs with pancreatitis has not been widely studied. Therefore, we examined prognostic factors for canine pancreatitis during the first medical examination and evaluated the usefulness of serial CRP measurements during hospitalization...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Elizabeth M S Schmidt, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Silvia Martinez-Subiela, José J Cerón, Peter D Eckersall
BACKGROUND: Ancylostoma spp. is one of the most prevalent canine intestinal nematode infections which usually causes subclinical disease in adult dogs and has zoonotic implications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore and evaluate the possible pathophysiological changes that Ancylostoma spp. could produce in female dogs naturally infected but without clinical signs of disease, by screening a wide variety of biochemical markers for potential changes. Samples of feces and blood of 45 dogs were collected and fecal flotation and zinc sulphate centrifugal flotation were performed...
September 13, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Ruhui Song, Dohyeon Yu, Jinho Park
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process that frequently involves peripancreatic tissues and remote organ systems. It has high morbidity and mortality rates in both human and veterinary patients. The severity of pancreatitis is generally determined by events that occur after acinar cell injury in the pancreas, resulting in elevated levels of various proinflammatory mediators, such as interleukin (IL) 1β and 6, as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). When these mediators are excessively released into the systemic circulation, severe pancreatitis occurs with systemic complications...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Viorica Ionut, Orison O Woolcott, Hasmik J Mkrtchyan, Darko Stefanovski, Morvarid Kabir, Malini S Iyer, Huiwen Liu, Ana V B Castro, Qiang Wu, Josiane L Broussard, Cathryn M Kolka, Isaac Asare-Bediako, Richard N Bergman
BACKGROUND: Exenatide's effects on glucose metabolism have been studied extensively in diabetes but not in pre-diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We examined the chronic effects of exenatide alone on glucose metabolism in pre-diabetic canines. DESIGN AND METHODS: After 10 weeks of high-fat diet (HFD), adult dogs received one injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 18.5 mg/kg). After induction of pre-diabetes, while maintained on HFD, animals were randomized to receive either exenatide (n = 7) or placebo (n = 7) for 12 weeks...
2016: PloS One
Hyun-Wook Kim, Woo-Jin Song, Qiang Li, Sei-Myoung Han, Kee-Ok Jeon, Sang-Chul Park, Min-Ok Ryu, Hyung-Kyu Chae, Kweon Kyeong, Hwa-Young Youn
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is associated with systemic complications and high mortality rate in dogs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been investigated for their therapeutic potential in several inflammation models. In the present study, the effects of canine adipose tissue-derived (cAT)-MSCs in a rat model of SAP induced by retrograde injection of 3% sodium taurocholate solution into the pancreatic duct were investigated. cAT-MSCs labeled with dioctadecyl-3,3,3'-tetramethylindo-carbocyanine perchlorate (1 × 10⁷ cells/kg) were systemically administered to rats and pancreatic tissue was collected three days later for histopathological, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and immunocytochemical analyses...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
Carrie Lester, Johanna Cooper, Rachel M Peters, Cynthia R L Webster
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of dogs with acute liver failure (ALF). DESIGN: Retrospective case series from January 1995 to December 2012. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-nine dogs were diagnosed with ALF defined as the acute onset of clinical signs accompanied by serum hyperbilirubinemia and coagulopathy (prothrombin time >1.5 times the upper limit of the reference interval) with or without signs of hepatic encephalopathy...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
S D Kim, P Baker, J DeLay, R D Wood
Thrombomodulin (TM) is a membrane glycoprotein expressed on endothelial cells, which plays a major role in the protein C anticoagulation pathway. In people with inflammation, TM expression can be down-regulated on endothelial cells and a soluble form released into circulation, resulting in increased risk of thrombosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. TM is present in dogs; however, there has been minimal investigation of its expression in canine tissues, and the effects of inflammation on TM expression in canine tissues have not been investigated...
July 2016: Veterinary Pathology
Yuepeng Jin, Yongyu Bai, Qiang Li, Pravin Avinash Bhugul, Xince Huang, Lewei Liu, Liangliang Pan, Haizhen Ni, Bicheng Chen, Hongwei Sun, Qiyu Zhang, Michael Hehir, Mengtao Zhou
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pancreatic exocrine function in a canine model and to analyze the changes in organelles of pancreatic acinar cells during the early stage of acute pancreatitis (AP). AP was induced by retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate (0.5 ml/kg) into the main pancreatic duct of dogs. The induction of AP resulted in serum hyperamylasemia and a marked reduction of amylase activity in the pancreatic fluid (PF). The pancreatic exocrine function was markedly decreased in subjects with AP compared with the control group...
2016: PloS One
S E Hulsebosch, C A Palm, G Segev, L D Cowgill, P H Kass, S L Marks
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs is complicated by extrapancreatic disorders that can alter the results of laboratory tests. Extrapancreatic disorders can also affect the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). The effects of acute kidney injury (AKI) on pancreas-specific lipase activity (Spec cPL(®) Test), serum lipase activity and trypsin-like immunoreactivity (TLI) in dogs have not been evaluated. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Serum Spec cPL, lipase activity, and TLI concentrations will increase secondary to decreased kidney function...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Viviana Albarracín, Mariana Teles, Antonio Meléndez-Lazo, Jaume Rodón, Josep Pastor
Animals treated with anticonvulsant drugs may have increased canine pancreas-specific lipase (cPLI) values. Inflammatory conditions and specifically acute pancreatitis are of major concern in these animals. Elevation in C-reactive protein is being associated with inflammatory status in dogs and it has been correlated with the clinical severity of pancreatitis. In the present study, we investigated if there is a correlation between the cPLI increase, changes in C-reactive protein and hepatic enzymes, as well as the incidence of severe acute pancreatitis (AP) in dogs with anticonvulsant treatment (phenobarbital, or potassium bromide or both)...
June 2015: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Osvaldo Manuel Tiscornia, Gustavo Alberto Negri, Graciela Otero, Fabiana Norma López Mingorance, Hipólito Waisman, Patricia Graciela Tiscornia-Wasserman
prevents, in pancreocytes, the evolving of a "supramaximalecbolic-stimulation" process. The PP involvement as a modulating agent of pancreon's reactivity is reflected by the progressive increment of its plasma values in the first week of an evolving AP episode. In the AP associated to a large meal, an overpowering of the pancreon's brake might have a pivotal role. In experimental and clinical chronic alcoholism, a vagal neuropathy of the Pavlov inhibitory fibers that, as a consequence, impairs the pancreon's brake through a depression of PP secretion is at the basis of an enhanced reactivity of the duodeno-pancreatic reflexes...
June 2015: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
Liza S Köster, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, Johan P Schoeman
Babesia rossi is the cause of a highly virulent multisystemic disease with a variable outcome, which is a reliable model of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of canine pancreatic-specific lipase (cPL) in a population of dogs with naturally acquired B. rossi infection. In addition, the associations between serum cPL and death and SIRS status were examined. An observational study recruited 87 dogs diagnosed with B. rossi infection and serum cPL concentrations were measured daily until discharge or death...
2015: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Mark D Haworth, Giselle Hosgood, Katrin L Swindells, Caroline S Mansfield
OBJECTIVES: To (i) assess the clinical diagnostic accuracy of SNAP canine pancreatic lipase (cPL) and specific canine pancreatic lipase (Spec cPL) and (ii) assess the agreement of an abnormal test result between SNAP cPL and Spec cPL in dogs presenting with acute abdominal disease. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: University teaching hospital emergency center. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight client-owned dogs that presented with acute abdominal disease, with a known final diagnosis between March 2009 and April 2010...
March 2014: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
S Y Lim, K Nakamura, K Morishita, N Sasaki, M Murakami, T Osuga, H Ohta, M Yamasaki, M Takiguchi
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is the most common disease of the canine exocrine pancreas, and accurate noninvasive diagnosis is challenging. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of using quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) to detect pancreatic perfusional changes in cerulein-induced AP in dogs. ANIMALS: Six adult female Beagles. METHODS: Each dog received 2 hours of IV infusion with 7...
March 2014: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Ilaria Marech, Rosa Patruno, Nicola Zizzo, Claudia Gadaleta, Marcello Introna, Alfredo Francesco Zito, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Girolamo Ranieri
Masitinib mesylate (AB1010) is a novel potent and selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting mainly wild-type and mutated c-Kit receptor (c-KitR), Platelet Derived Growth Factor Receptor-alfa/beta (PDGFRa/ß), Lymphocyte-specific kinase (Lck), Lck/Yes-related protein (LYn), Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 (FGFR3) and Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK). It is the first anticancer therapy approved in veterinary medicine for the treatment of unresectable canine mast cell tumors (CMCTs), harboring activating c-KitR mutations, at dose of 12...
July 2014: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Marilyn Ader, Darko Stefanovski, Joyce M Richey, Stella P Kim, Cathryn M Kolka, Viorica Ionut, Morvarid Kabir, Richard N Bergman
Accurate quantification of insulin resistance is essential for determining efficacy of treatments to reduce diabetes risk. Gold-standard methods to assess resistance are available (e.g., hyperinsulinemic clamp or minimal model), but surrogate indices based solely on fasting values have attractive simplicity. One such surrogate, the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), is widely applied despite known inaccuracies in characterizing resistance across groups. Of greater significance is whether HOMA-IR can detect changes in insulin sensitivity induced by an intervention...
June 2014: Diabetes
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