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young adult survivor

Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Melinda White, Liane Lockwood, Andrew Hallahan, Peter S W Davies
AIM: To describe the body composition, dietary intake and physical activity and of paediatric, adolescent and young adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and examine the factors that impact body composition after treatment. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 74 subjects who were at least three years post treatment. Measurements included anthropometry, whole body potassium counting, air displacement plethysmography, and three day physical activity and diet diaries...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Marie-Estelle Gaignard, Julie Bénard, Noémie Lang
Every year, cancer affects more than a million adolescents and young adults (AYA) in high-income countries. AYA patients represent a heterogeneous but distinct population, aged from 15 to 39 (-45) years old, among which different types of cancer are found compared to the ones affecting children and older adults. Although these pathologies remain the leading cause of death in the AYA age range, the survival rate in this population has significantly improved in recent years, averaging 85%. The aim of this article is to review one major issue in AYA survivors, which is the risk of impaired fertility due to oncological treatments, and the different strategies available to address this problem...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Leena Nahata, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Nicholas D Yeager, Vicky Lehmann, Stacy L Whiteside, Sarah H O'Brien, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Cynthia A Gerhardt
Infertility is a common and distressing late effect of cancer treatment among male survivors. Investigators examined desire for parenthood, prioritization of fertility compared to other life goals, and reports of fertility-related discussions among a cohort of male adolescent and young adult survivors. Eighty percent desired a biological child, yet only 31% ranked having a child among their "top 3" life goals. Only 40% reported fertility-related discussions with their health care providers in survivorship...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
J Faber, A Wingerter, M A Neu, N Henninger, S Eckerle, T Münzel, K J Lackner, M E Beutel, M Blettner, W Rathmann, A Peters, C Meisinger, B Linkohr, H Neuhauser, P Kaatsch, C Spix, A Schneider, H Merzenich, M Panova-Noeva, J H Prochaska, P S Wild
Aims: The cardiac and vascular late sequelae in long-term survivors of childhood cancer (CVSS)-study aimed to quantify the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in German childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Methods and results: In the CVSS-study (NCT02181049), 1002 CCS (age range 23-48 years) diagnosed with neoplasia prior to 15 years of age between 1980 and 1990 prospectively underwent a systematic, standardized clinical and laboratory cardiovascular screening, identical to the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) cohort...
March 9, 2018: European Heart Journal
Esther L Finney, Emilie K Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
I-Chan Huang, Conor M Jones, Tara M Brinkman, Melissa M Hudson, D Kumar Srivastava, Yuelin Li, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, social network status in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors has not been adequately studied to date. The authors developed and validated a functional social network index (FSNI) for AYA survivors, and compared its performance with that of 2 traditional indices (density and betweenness centrality). METHODS: A total of 102 AYA survivors and 102 noncancer controls who were matched for age, sex, and race were recruited from an Internet panel...
March 8, 2018: Cancer
Maria Olsson, Gunnar Steineck, Karin Enskär, Ulrica Wilderäng, Marianne Jarfelt
PURPOSE: Previous research has established that treatments for cancer can result in short- and long-term effects on sexual function in adult cancer patients. The purpose was to investigate patient-reported physical and psychosexual complications in adolescents and young adults after they have undergone treatment for cancer. METHODS: In this population-based study, a study-specific questionnaire was developed by a method used in several previous investigations carried out by our research group, Clinical Cancer Epidemiology...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Beeshman S Nandakumar, Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Christina Signorelli, Jordana K McLoone, Jane Skeen, Ann M Maguire, Richard J Cohn
PURPOSE: Survivors of pediatric cancer are prone to late effects which require ongoing medical care. Young adult survivors often transition from specialist pediatric care to adult-oriented or community-based healthcare. This study aims to describe the attitudes and experiences of survivors and their parents towards transition barriers and enablers. METHODS: Long-term survivors and parents (of survivors < 16 years) were recruited from 11 hospitals in Australia and New Zealand to participate in a semi-structured telephone interview regarding their transition experiences...
March 2, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Charlotte Demoor, Stéphane Supiot, Marc-André Mahé, Odile Oberlin, Rodrigue Allodji, Nadia Haddy, Sylvie Helfre, Celine Vigneron, Valérie Brillaud-Meflah, Balérie Bernier, Anne Laprie, Anne Ducassou, Line Claude, Ibrahim Diallo, Florent de Vathaire
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of early second breast cancer (SBC) among survivors of childhood and young adult malignancy treated with irradiation. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study of women who presented with breast cancer aged 50 years or younger in nine French centers. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty one patients and 141 SBC were analyzed (invasive = 130; non invasive = 11)...
March 1, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Amanda J Friend, Richard G Feltbower, Emily J Hughes, Kristian P Dye, Adam W Glaser
Childhood cancer is increasing in prevalence whilst survival rates are improving. The prevalence of adult survivors of childhood cancer is consequently increasing. Many survivors suffer long-term consequences of their cancer treatment. Whilst many of these are well documented, relatively little is known about the mental health of survivors of childhood cancer. This article aimed to describe the prevalence and spectrum of mental health problems found in adult survivors of childhood cancer using a systematic review methodology...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Katrina M Pollock, Hannah Pintilie, Caroline Foster, Sarah Fidler
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved survival into adulthood for young people with perinatally acquired HIV-1 (yp-PaHIV), but long-term prognosis remains unclear. We hypothesized that on-going immune activation, reflected in the failure of CD4:CD8 ratio normalization would be observed in yp-PaHIV, despite ART.A cross-sectional study of routinely collected clinical data from a cohort of yp-PaHIV (≥16 years).Data were collected from records of individuals attending a specialist clinic for yp-PaHIV transitioning to adult care...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Keith Tchadwick Griffin, Matthew Mille, Choonsik Lee
The risks associated with exposure to external fields of ionizing radiation are important to quantify to provide guidance towards public and worker protection. In Publication 116 of 2010, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) published adult male and female fluence-to-dose coefficients (henceforth referred to as dose coefficients) for external exposures to six types of idealized neutron fields. However, ICRP 116 dose coefficients are not appropriate for applications involving children due to their smaller body weight and stature...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Christos Bikis, Theodora Tzanavari, Krystallenia I Alexandraki, Stamatios Theocharis
Brain tumors are associated with increased mortality and morbidity and are the most common cancer type in children and young adults. The present review focuses on the interplay between leptin, the most extensively studied adipokine, and the onset, development, and treatment of primary brain and intracranial tumors. The two main mechanisms for increased leptin levels in intracranial tumor survivors, leptin resistance caused by hypothalamic damage, or secondary to obesity, are discussed. The contradicting mechanistic observations on leptin being able to both promote tumorinogenesis (e...
February 20, 2018: Hormones & Cancer
F Cappuccio, S Rossetti, C Cavaliere, G Iovane, R Taibi, C D'Aniello, C Imbimbo, S Facchini, V Abate, D Barberio, G Facchini
OBJECTIVE: In this review, we focused our attention on Quality of Life (QoL) of testicular cancer survivors (TCSs), in general and in the most relevant areas. Several key findings have been highlighted in our review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were consulted to find published studies, from 1980 to May 2017, that met our inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The majority of studies investigated older adult TCSs, while few studies on adolescent and young adult patients were available...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Jennifer D Monti, Jamie L Jackson, Kathryn Vannatta
Living with congenital heart disease (CHD) presents survivors with numerous stressors, which may contribute to emotional problems. This study examined (a) whether coping with CHD-related stress predicts symptoms of depression and anxiety, and (b) whether associations between coping and emotional distress are moderated by involuntary stress reactivity. Adolescents and young adults diagnosed with CHD (Mage = 26.4) were recruited from pediatric and adult outpatient cardiology clinics. Participants (N = 168) completed online self-report measures...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Yaxi Luo, Xin Tian, Xuefeng Wang
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), also called cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), is a cerebrovascular disease with diverse clinical manifestations that often affects young adults, women of childbearing age, and children. It's most common clinical manifestations are headache, seizures, altered consciousness, and neurological focal signs on physical examination. CVT can manifest as a single symptom, or it can present as a syndrome consisting of multiple symptoms. This non-specific clinical picture makes diagnosing CVT difficult...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Theresa H M Keegan, Lawrence H Kushi, Qian Li, Ann Brunson, X Chawla, Helen K Chew, Marcio Malogolowkin, Ted Wun
PURPOSE: Few population-based studies have focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adolescent and young adult (AYA; 15-39 years) cancer survivors and none have considered whether CVD risk differs by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: Analyses focused on 79,176 AYA patients diagnosed with 14 first primary cancers in 1996-2012 and surviving > 2 years after diagnosis with follow-up through 2014. Data were obtained from the California Cancer Registry and State hospital discharge data...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Cynthia J Bell, Ryan A Bell, Brad Zebrack, Ikuko Kato, Alyssa Morse, Scott C Borinstein
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) 15-39 years old face unique challenges during cancer treatment as developmental and social needs are often disrupted to achieve cure. Developmentally appropriate supportive care for AYAs across the cancer trajectory is needed. The purpose of this review is to identify and describe instruments that measure AYA development across physical, psychological, and social domains, commenting on the instruments' psychometric properties and usefulness in clinical practice and research...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Changcheng Zheng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Baolin Tang, Xuhan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Liangquan Geng, Huilan Liu, Zimin Sun
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with hematological malignancy aged 15 to 39 years are recognized as a separate entity, and the efficacy and safety of unrelated cord blood transplantation (CBT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in AYA patients has not been reported. From March 2002 to June 2015, total of 106 CML patients received allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in our center. Included in the present study were CML patients aged 15 to 39 years who received unrelated CBT or sibling allo-HCT, and 74 consecutive AYA patients with CML enrolled in this analysis...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Reni Aparecida Barsaglini, Beluci Bianca Nunes de Siqueira Soares
This article analyzes the tangible and intangible impacts involved in the experience of young adults diagnosed with a long-term illness, namely Acute Myeloid Leukemia. It follows on from broader research, inspired by the Phenomenology of Alfred Schutz. The data were obtained through in-depth interviews with four young adults, aged between 20 and 28, who were in the maintenance phase of cancer treatment between November 2013 and January 2014 in the State of Mato Grosso. The results focus on striking aspects of the impacts of the experience during the process of becoming aware of the illness in which the diagnosis provoked feelings mobilized by ideas regarding a serious illness...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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