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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893307/barriers-to-increasing-physical-activity-among-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#1
Carolyn Rabin
Increasing physical activity may reduce some of the physical and mental health risks faced by young adult cancer survivors. Unfortunately, most young survivors are sedentary. The aim of this study was to identify barriers experienced by young survivors attempting to increase their physical activity; a better understanding of these barriers may yield more efficacious interventions for this population. Data on physical activity barriers were collected during an intervention for 18-to-39-year-old survivors. Findings indicated that participants faced a variety of barriers, including limited time and health-related issues...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889551/endothelial-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-survivors
#2
Paola Giordano, Paola Muggeo, Maurizio Delvecchio, Santa Carbonara, Alberto Romano, Maria Altomare, Gabriella Ricci, Federica Valente, Annapaola Zito, Pietro Scicchitano, Luciano Cavallo, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Nicola Santoro, Maria Felicia Faienza
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors have increased risk of obesity, metabolic alterations and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular endothelial function has been studied in adult cancers. Limited data exist regarding CVD risk factors among childhood ALL survivors. We aimed to assess endothelial function, metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in young survivors of childhood ALL. METHODS: Auxological parameters, blood pressure, glucose, lipid profile, hemostatic markers (total adiponectin and high-molecular-weight subfraction, endothelin-1, von Willebrand factor antigen, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimers, fibrinogen), high sensitive C-reactive protein and ultrasound parameters of endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation-FMD, common carotid intima-media thickness-C-IMT, and antero-posterior diameter of infra-renal abdominal aorta-APAO) were assessed in 52 ALL survivors and 34 sex and age-matched controls...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884576/extracorporeal-life-support-for-refractory-cardiac-arrest-from-accidental-hypothermia-a-10-year-experience-in-edinburgh
#3
Maziar Khorsandi, Scott Dougherty, Neil Young, Dean Kerslake, Vincenzo Giordano, Robert Lendrum, William Walker, Vipin Zamvar, Ivan Yim, Renzo Pessotto
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia is a rare phenomenon with a significant mortality rate if untreated. The consensus is that these patients should be rewarmed with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) with the potential for excellent survival and neurologic outcomes. However, given the lack of robust data and clinical trials, the optimal management of such patients remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: In this single-center study, we looked at the outcomes of all adult patients undergoing salvage ECLS for cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia over a 10-year period from June 2006 to June 2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879537/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-breast-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-women
#4
Anthony N Audino, Bhuvana A Setty, Nicholas D Yeager
Soft tissue sarcoma constitutes 8% of all tumors in adolescent and young adults (AYA), with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) accounting for 5.2% to 6.5% of the soft tissue sarcoma total within this group. AYAs have a higher propensity for metastasis and inferior outcomes. Metastases to the breast have been reported in ∼3% to 6% of RMS cases. A review of our hospital's tumor registry identified cases of RMS diagnosed between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013. A total of 46 patients with RMS were identified, having a mean age of 12...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862627/perceived-impact-of-cancer-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-relationship-with-health-related-quality-of-life-and-distress
#5
O Husson, B Zebrack
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether perceptions of the impact of cancer are related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological distress among survivors of cancer in adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). METHODS: 173 AYA cancer survivors (aged 18-35 years and 15-29 years at time of diagnosis) completed a mailed survey assessing impact of cancer (IOC-AYA), HRQoL (SF-36), and distress (BSI-18). Hierarchical linear regression models analyzed the independent effects of perceived impacts of cancer on HRQoL and distress after controlling for clinical and socio-demographic characteristics...
November 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862055/reducing-stroke-risk-among-young-adult-african-americans-a-feasibility-study
#6
Dawn M Aycock, Patricia C Clark, Matthew J Hayat
African Americans are disproportionately affected by stroke and its modifiable risk factors, and strategies are needed to help African Americans adopt healthy lifestyles early in life. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Stroke Counseling for Risk Reduction (SCORRE) intervention, a tailored, theory-based intervention consisting of a motivational video of young African American stroke survivors, the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7® (LS7) risk assessment and education tool, and a 6-week behavioral risk reduction diary...
November 16, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859009/mental-distress-and-health-care-use-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey
#7
Sapna Kaul, Jaqueline C Avila, Miriam Mutambudzi, Heidi Russell, Anne C Kirchhoff, Cindy L Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to examine the prevalence and correlates of mental distress among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer and a comparison group. METHODS: A total of 875 AYA cancer survivors who were diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 39 years and who were at least 5 years from their initial diagnosis were identified from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Surveys. A comparison group was created. The Kessler nonspecific mental/psychological distress scale was used to examine none/low, moderate, and severe distress...
November 17, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845844/adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives-on-their-internet-use-for-seeking-information-on-healthy-eating-and-exercise
#8
Ryan Mooney, Mahasen Samhouri, Avery Holton, Katie A Devine, Anne C Kirchhoff, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P Wu
PURPOSE: To explore adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors' internet use in seeking healthy lifestyle behavior (HLB) information on diet and exercise. METHODS: Twenty-five AYA cancer survivors participated in focus groups or interviews. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Most survivors (92%) sought HLB information from internet sources. Key issues included the following: (1) too much information available, (2) information not meeting survivors' unique needs, and (3) concerns about trustworthiness of information...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825320/improved-nutrition-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-after-childhood-cancer%C3%A2-inaya-study
#9
J Quidde, J von Grundherr, B Koch, C Bokemeyer, G Escherich, L Valentini, D Buchholz, G Schilling, A Stein
BACKGROUND: Multimodality treatment improves the chance of survival but increases the risk for long-term side effects in young cancer survivors, so-called" Adolescents and Young Adults"(AYAs). Compared to the general population AYAs have a 5 to 15-fold increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Thus, improving modifiable lifestyle risk factors is of particular importance. METHODS: The INAYA trial included AYAs between 18 and 39 years receiving an intensified individual nutrition counseling at four time points in a 3-month period based on a 3-day dietary record...
November 8, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821538/cardiac-mortality-among-200%C3%A2-000-five-year-survivors-of-cancer-diagnosed-at-15-to-39-years-of-age-the-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivor-study
#10
Katherine E Henson, Raoul C Reulen, David L Winter, Chloe J Bright, Miranda M Fidler, Clare Frobisher, Joyeeta Guha, Kwok F Wong, Julie Kelly, Angela B Edgar, Martin G McCabe, Jeremy Whelan, David J Cutter, Sarah C Darby, Mike M Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Survivors of teenage and young adult cancer are acknowledged as understudied. Little is known about their long-term adverse health risks, particularly of cardiac disease that is increased in other cancer populations where cardiotoxic treatments have been used. METHODS: The Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivor Study cohort comprises 200 945 5-year survivors of cancer diagnosed at 15 to 39 years of age in England and Wales from 1971 to 2006, and followed to 2014...
November 15, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816914/improving-stroke-caregiver-readiness-for-transition-from-inpatient-rehabilitation-to-home
#11
Barbara J Lutz, Mary Ellen Young, Kerry Rae Creasy, Crystal Martz, Lydia Eisenbrandt, Jarrett N Brunny, Christa Cook
PURPOSE: As the population ages, older adults are more often living with functional limitations from chronic illnesses, such as stroke, and require assistance. Because stroke occurs suddenly, many stroke family caregivers in the United States are unprepared to assume caregiving responsibilities post-discharge. Research is limited on how family members become ready to assume the caregiving role. In this study, we developed a theoretical model for improving stroke caregiver readiness and identifying gaps in caregiver preparation...
November 5, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811529/adult-outcomes-after-newborn-respiratory-failure-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#12
William A Engle, Karen W West, Gail A Hocutt, Eugenia K Pallotto, Barbara Haney, Rachel J Keith, Dan L Stewart, Ellen Knodel, Denise Suttner, Rachel Chapman, Alison Thomas, Beverly Schwerin, Eileen Stork, Moira Crowley, Anthony J Piazza, Micheal L Heard, Netsanet Gebregziabher, William Fadel, Robert Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of young adults treated for hypoxemic respiratory failure with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as neonates. DESIGN: The study was designed as a multisite, cross sectional survey. SETTING: The survey was completed electronically or on paper by subjects and stored in a secure data base. SUBJECTS: Subjects were surviving neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients from eight institutions who were18 years old or older...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803155/bridging-the-gap-metabolic-and-endocrine-care-of-patients-during-transition
#13
REVIEW
Anita Hokken-Koelega, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Berthold Hauffa, Gabriele Häusler, Gudmundur Johannsson, Mohamad Maghnie, Jesús Argente, Jean DeSchepper, Helena Gleeson, John W Gregory, Charlotte Höybye, Fahrettin Keleştimur, Anton Luger, Hermann L Müller, Sebastian Neggers, Vera Popovic-Brkic, Eleonora Porcu, Lars Sävendahl, Stephen Shalet, Bessie Spiliotis, Maithé Tauber
OBJECTIVE: Seamless transition of endocrine patients from the paediatric to adult setting is still suboptimal, especially in patients with complex disorders, i.e., small for gestational age, Turner or Prader-Willi syndromes; Childhood Cancer Survivors, and those with childhood-onset growth hormone deficiency. METHODS: An expert panel meeting comprised of European paediatric and adult endocrinologists was convened to explore the current gaps in managing the healthcare of patients with endocrine diseases during transition from paediatric to adult care settings...
November 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781382/hepatocellular-adenoma-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer
#14
Emily S Tonorezos, Dana Barnea, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Jacqueline Bromberg, Michael D'Angelica, Charles A Sklar, Jinru Shia, Kevin C Oeffinger
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a rare benign epithelial neoplasm with potential for hemorrhage, rupture, or malignant transformation. Reported annual incidence of HCA is approximately 1/1,000,000. We identified 12 cases of HCA among adults with a history of childhood or young adult cancer. The most common cancer diagnosis was leukemia (N = 4). Five had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant with total body irradiation. All 11 females had prior estrogen therapy; the male case was hypogonadal...
October 26, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778218/preventive-services-use-among-female-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer
#15
Jaqueline C Avila, Yong-Fang Kuo, Ana M Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong, Sapna Kaul
PURPOSE: Examine preventive services utilization among female survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer compared with women without cancer in the USA. METHODS: A total of 1017 women diagnosed with cancer at AYA ages (15-39 years) who were at least 5 years since diagnosis were identified from 2008 to 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys. A comparison group without cancer was matched on age and other characteristics. General preventive services included dental, medical, blood pressure, and cholesterol checkups, and flu shots in the previous year...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768513/memories-of-parent-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#16
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768509/adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-valuation-of-post-treatment-recommended-care
#17
Sapna Kaul, Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Eduardo R Zamora, Holly Spraker-Perlman, Kevin J Boyle, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: Examine whether survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer value recommended post-treatment care using focus groups and a willingness to pay (WTP) survey. WTP, a measure of value, indicates the dollar amount individuals are willing to pay to use a service. METHODS: Participants were recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. N = 28 survivors diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-39 and currently aged ≥18 participated in focus groups, and N = 4 in phone interviews (participation rate = 50%)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750385/suicide-and-violent-deaths-in-survivors-of-cancer-in-childhood-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-national-cohort-study
#18
Maria W Gunnes, Rolv T Lie, Tone Bjørge, Sara Ghaderi, Astri Syse, Ellen Ruud, Finn Wesenberg, Dag Moster
Suicide risk in adult cancer patients is found to be elevated, but limited information exists regarding risks of suicide and non-suicidal violent deaths when diagnosed with cancer in young age. We investigate suicide and violent deaths in a national cohort including individuals diagnosed with cancer before age 25. Through the linkage of different national registries (Cancer Registry of Norway, Norwegian Causes of Death Registry, and the National Registry) a cohort of all live births in Norway during 1965-1985 was defined and followed up through 2008...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749160/moderating-effects-of-perceived-growth-on-the-association-between-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#19
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
We examined whether (a) fear of cancer recurrence was related to lower health-related quality of life and (b) perceived growth moderated the link between fear of recurrence and health-related quality of life. 292 adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-34) completed a cross-sectional survey. Fear of recurrence was related to poorer physical and mental health-related quality of life. The negative association between fear of recurrence and mental health-related quality of life was moderated by perceived growth...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720219/mental-health-indicators-fifty-years-later-a-population-based-study-of-men-with-histories-of-child-sexual-abuse
#20
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a widely acknowledged trauma that affects a substantial number of boys/men and has the potential to undermine mental health across the lifespan. Despite the topic's importance, few studies have examined the long-term effects of CSA on mental health in middle and late life for men. Most empirical studies on the effects of CSA have been conducted with women, non-probability samples, and samples of young or emerging adults with inadequate control variables. Based on complex trauma theory, the current study investigated: a) the effect of CSA on mental health outcomes (depressive symptoms, somatic symptom severity, hostility) in late life for men, and b) the moderating effects of childhood adversities and masculine norms in the relationship between CSA and the three mental health outcomes...
October 5, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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