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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319256/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-remains-at-risk-of-poor-social-functioning-over-time
#1
Olga Husson, Bradley J Zebrack, Christine Aguilar, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to examine social functioning among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) within the first 2 years after a cancer diagnosis and compare their scores with population norms and identify trajectories of social functioning over time and its correlates. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal study was conducted among 215 AYA patients with cancer aged 14 to 39 years. A total of 141 patients completed a self-report measure of social functioning within the first 4 months of diagnosis and again at 12 months and 24 months later...
March 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314170/-pseudo-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-sign-on-early-brain-computed-tomography-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-receiving-targeted-temperature-management
#2
Byung Kook Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Seung Mok Ryoo, Su Jin Kim, Dong Hun Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Won Young Kim
PURPOSE: Newly updated guidelines suggest brain computed tomography for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors to identify a neurologic cardiac arrest cause. We hypothesized that the "pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage" (p-SAH) sign in cardiac arrest survivors is associated with poor outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the registries of 2 tertiary hospitals, identifying 836 adult (≥18 years) patients achieving return of spontaneous circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299542/understanding-and-improving-knowledge-of-cancer-survivorship-care-among-college-providers
#3
Alexandra M Psihogios, Helen Pauly-Hubbard, Lisa Schwartz, Jill P Ginsberg, Wendy Hobbie, Dava Szalda
This study aimed to assess college providers' basic knowledge of the health risks of young adult cancer survivors (YAS) and related care guidelines and to determine whether an educational in-service is an effective platform for increasing college health providers' knowledge about survivorship care at a large university health center. During phase 1, staff from college health centers and office of disabilities in the Philadelphia area (n = 40 staff members from 24 colleges/universities) completed a needs assessment on their experiences with YAS and preferences for education and care coordination...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294991/the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-arterial-stiffness-of-pediatric-mucopolysaccharidosis-patients-are-increased-compared-to-both-pediatric-and-adult-controls
#4
Raymond Y Wang, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Elizabeth A Braunlin, Julia Steinberger, David R Jacobs, Alan R Sinaiko, Aaron S Kelly
Treatments for mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) have increased longevity, but cardiovascular disease causes mortality in a significant percentage of survivors. Markers must be developed to predict MPS cardiac risk and monitor efficacy of investigational therapies.MPS patients underwent carotid artery ultrasonography from which carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and three measures of arterial stiffness were calculated: carotid artery distensibility (cCSD), compliance (cCSC), and incremental elastic modulus (cIEM)...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293684/meaningful-use-of-an-electronic-personal-health-record-ephr-among-pediatric-cancer-survivors
#5
Rebecca S Williamson, Brooke O Cherven, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Paula Edwards, Michael Palgon, Cam Escoffery, Lillian R Meacham, Ann C Mertens
Background and Objectivs: Survivors of pediatric and adolescent cancer are at an increased risk of chronic and debilitating health conditions and require life-long specialized care. Stand-alone electronic personal health records (ePHRs) may aid their self-management. This analysis characterizes young adult survivors and parents who meaningfully use an ePHR, Cancer SurvivorLink(TM), designed for survivors of pediatric and adolescent cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of patients seen at a pediatric survivor clinic for annual survivor care...
March 15, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288497/-cancer-and-career-a-qualitative-study-of-job-status-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#6
Lisa Mentschke, Katja Leuteritz, Lisa Daneck, Nora Breuer, Annekathrin Sender, Michael Friedrich, Erik Nowe, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Kristina Geue
Purpose: To examine the impact of cancer on work and education for AYA. Collect information about AYA's return to work/return to study. Methods: 18 AYA (10 female) aged 18 to 39 (m=27 years) at time of diagnosis completed a semi-structured interview. Qualitative content analysis was used to generate results. Results: 11 of 18 AYA had already returned to work/study. Flexible structures and emotional support of colleagues and managers were reported being helpful. 10 AYA planed or had already reduced job tasks, hours of work or further education...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279312/the-role-of-post-resuscitation-electrocardiogram%C3%A2-in-patients-with%C3%A2-st-segment%C3%A2-changes-in-the-immediate%C3%A2-post-cardiac-arrest-period
#7
Youn-Jung Kim, Sun-Yang Min, Dong Hun Lee, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Hui Jai Lee, Jonghwan Shin, Byuk Sung Ko, Shin Ahn, Gi-Byoung Nam, Kyoung Soo Lim, Won Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate the role of post-resuscitation electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients showing significant ST-segment changes on the initial ECG and to provide useful diagnostic indicators for physicians to determine in which out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients brain computed tomography (CT) should be performed before emergency coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: The usefulness of immediate brain CT and ECG for all resuscitated patients with nontraumatic OHCA remains controversial...
March 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275306/predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-wild-mushroom-induced-acute-liver-injury
#8
Taerim Kim, Danbi Lee, Jae Ho Lee, Yoon-Seon Lee, Bum Jin Oh, Kyoung Soo Lim, Won Young Kim
AIM: To identify early predictive markers of poor outcomes in patients with acute liver injury from wild mushroom intoxication. METHODS: This observational, retrospective record review involved adults aged ≥ 18 years admitted to emergency department with mushroom intoxication from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of mushroom intoxication was based on the following: (1) a positive history of recent wild mushroom intake (either raw or cooked); (2) the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms, such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and/or abdominal pain, after ingestion; and (3) the exclusion of other possible causes of acute liver injury...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270719/listening-through-narratives-using-a-narrative-approach-when-discussing-fertility-preservation-options-with-young-cancer-patients
#9
S I G Roher, J Gibson, B E Gibson, A A Gupta
Despite clinical practice guideline recommendations mandating that fertility preservation be discussed with young cancer patients, many providers fail to initiate such discussions with adolescents. Researchers and clinicians often focus on system-level changes to improve access to fertility preservation for adolescents and young adults in Canada. However, little of the available information considers the way in which health care providers approach those discussions. Research has shown that, even when fertility preservation options are broached with adolescents, survivors often report dissatisfaction with those conversations, thus raising additional concerns about their content and quality...
February 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270337/associates-of-engagement-in-adult-oriented-follow-up-care-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#10
Dava Szalda, Lisa Piece, Lauren Brumley, Yimei Li, Marilyn M Schapira, Monika Wasik, Wendy L Hobbie, Jill P Ginsberg, Lisa A Schwartz
PURPOSE: Understanding how to predict appropriate uptake of adult-oriented medical care is important for adult patients with pediatric-onset chronic health conditions with continued health vulnerability. We examined associates of engagement in adult survivors of childhood cancer following transfer to adult-oriented care. METHODS: Adult survivors of childhood cancer (N = 80), within 1-5 years post transfer from pediatric to adult-oriented follow-up care, completed assessments of engagement with recommended adult-oriented follow-up care and psychosocial and transition readiness measures...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265843/validity-of-self-reported-fertility-threatening-cancer-treatments-in-female-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#11
Samantha C Roberts, Amber Knight, Brian W Whitcomb, Jessica R Gorman, Andrew C Dietz, H Irene Su
PURPOSE: Detailed cancer treatment information is important to fertility and pregnancy care of female young adult cancer survivors. Accuracy of self-report of treatments that impact fertility and pregnancy is unknown. This study assessed agreement between self-report and medical records on receipt of fertility-threatening treatments. METHODS: A national cohort study of female young adult cancer survivors reported cancer treatments via Web-based questionnaires. Primary cancer treatment records were abstracted...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256347/right-coronary-dissection-and-left-anterior-descending-thrombus-dual-dilemma-in-a-young-cardiac-arrest-survivor
#12
Holly Morgan, Michael McCann, Alan Whelan, Richard Clugston
BACKGROUND: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) leading to cardiac arrest is an exceptionally rare occurrence in young adults. Those affected tend to abuse sympathomimetic drugs, have strong family histories, or have a significant burden of cardiac risk factors. Another uncommon cause of STEMI is coronary artery dissection, which overwhelmingly affects middle- and older-aged women with few cardiac risk factors. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old athlete with no medical history was admitted to our institution post-cardiac arrest with an anterior STEMI and concomitant right coronary dissection...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224453/national-estimates-and-correlates-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-us-cancer-survivors
#13
Taghrid Asfar, Kristopher L Arheart, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Margaret M Byrne, Noella A Dietz, Charles Jeng Chen, David J Lee
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors comprise a vulnerable population for exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). This study examined and compared the prevalence, time trends, and predictors of SHS exposure between nonsmoking adult cancer survivors and nonsmoking adults without cancer history (control group). METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2001-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (survivors: n = 2168; controls: n = 19,436). All adults ≥20 years of age who reported not smoking and had a serum cotinine level of 0...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221930/escherichia-albertii-inactivation-following-l-lactic-acid-exposure-or-cooking-in-ground-beef
#14
Amie M Jones-Ibarra, Kayley R Wall, Jennifer Vuia-Riser, Chris R Kerth, Alejandro Castillo, T Matthew Taylor
Escherichia albertii is an emerging foodborne pathogen recovered from young children and adults exhibiting symptoms of gastroenteritis via pathogenesis factors including attaching and effacing lesions, cytolethal distending toxin, and Shiga toxin variants. Study objectives were to determine E. albertii survival following (i) exposure to lactic acid as a function of solution pH and incubation period and (ii) cooking ground beef patties to different endpoint temperatures. E. albertii was incubated in phosphate buffer containing 3...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214419/recommendations-for-gonadotoxicity-surveillance-in-male-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-report-from-the-international-late-effects-of-childhood-cancer-guideline-harmonization-group-in-collaboration-with-the-pancaresurfup-consortium
#15
REVIEW
Roderick Skinner, Renee L Mulder, Leontien C Kremer, Melissa M Hudson, Louis S Constine, Edit Bardi, Annelies Boekhout, Anja Borgmann-Staudt, Morven C Brown, Richard Cohn, Uta Dirksen, Alexsander Giwercman, Hiroyuki Ishiguro, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Lisa B Kenney, Jacqueline J Loonen, Lilian Meacham, Sebastian Neggers, Stephen Nussey, Cecilia Petersen, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Hanneke M van Santen, William H B Wallace, Daniel M Green
Treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery that involves reproductive organs can cause impaired spermatogenesis, testosterone deficiency, and physical sexual dysfunction in male pubertal, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors. Guidelines for surveillance and management of potential adverse effects could improve cancer survivors' health and quality of life. Surveillance recommendations vary considerably, causing uncertainty about optimum screening practices. This clinical practice guideline recommended by the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group in collaboration with the PanCareSurFup Consortium, developed using evidence-based methodology, critically synthesises surveillance recommendations for gonadotoxicity in male childhood, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) cancer survivors...
February 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174377/-work-related-issues-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-tips-for-supporting-them-in-and-out-of-hospitals
#16
Yuko Araki, Miyako Takahashi
Recent advances in cancer treatment have steadily improved the overall survival rate, and enhancing the quality of life of cancer survivors is the challenge faced at present. One of the major topics in studies on cancer survivors is work-related issues, and the government has been focusing on improving the circumstances of the working population and children. In 2015, the Cancer Control Accelerating Plan set adolescent and young adult(AYA)cancer survivors as the top priority for this plan. Work-related issues of AYA cancer survivors are highly individualized and complicated, mainly because of three characteristics: 1 ) Cancer treatments and/or outpatient follow-ups are accompanied by major life-stage transitions, 2 ) Treatments are prone to be nonstandardized in "rare cancers" or "advanced-stage cancers" and 3 ) Achieving economic independence is difficult because of high medical costs...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174375/-characteristics-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer
#17
Keizo Horibe
In adolescent and young adult(AYA)population, cancer is the leading cause of death due to illness with the lowest mortality rate as well as children, and national measures for cancer was left behind. Leukemia, lymphomas, brain tumors, thyroid cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, testicular cancer and bone and soft tissue sarcomas account for majority of the cancers in this age group. There has been no significant improvement in AYA patients in contrast to other age groups. AYA patients with cancer are under growing independency, starting in life to the community, and reproductive age...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173209/family-functioning-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-and-their-families-a-dyadic-analytic-approach
#18
Ana M Gutiérrez-Colina, Jennifer L Lee, Michelle VanDellen, Ann Mertens, Jordan Gilleland Marchak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165844/the-health-behavior-information-needs-and-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#19
Gemma Pugh, Rachael E Hough, Helen L Gravestock, Sarah E Jackson, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish teenage and young adult cancer survivors (TYACS') specific interest in receiving information on physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption and their preferences regarding the delivery, format, and timing of such health behaviour information. METHODS: TYACS aged 13-25 years were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing the advice they had received in the past and their preferences on when and how health behavior information should be delivered...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165611/psychosexual-development-and-satisfaction-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-neurotoxic-treatment-intensity-as-a-risk-indicator
#20
Vicky Lehmann, Marrit A Tuinman, Madelaine C Keim, Adrien M Winning, Randal S Olshefski, Rajinder P S Bajwa, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for impairment in psychosexual development and satisfaction among adult survivors of childhood cancer are poorly understood. The authors compared psychosexual outcomes between survivors and healthy controls, and tested whether at-risk survivors can be identified by 1) treatment neurotoxicity or 2) diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 144 young adult survivors of childhood cancer and 144 matched controls completed questionnaires regarding psychosexual development, sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with relationship status...
February 6, 2017: Cancer
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