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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435898/high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-older-adults-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#1
Jaehun Oh, Soo Hyun Kim, Kyu Nam Park, Sang Hoon Oh, Young Min Kim, Han Joon Kim, Chun Song Youn
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that an elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)/albumin ratio at admission increases the risk of mortality in older patients admitted to the hospital via the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients admitted to the ED with any medical problem between May 2013 and October 2013 who were older than 65 years. The hs-CRP and albumin levels were measured at the time of admission to the ED...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430009/evaluating-questionnaires-used-to-assess-self-reported-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cognitive-interview-study
#2
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
Physical activity is increasingly being studied as a way to improve psychosocial outcomes (e.g., quality of life, self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions, self-esteem, body image, posttraumatic growth) among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer. Assessing levels of and associations between self-reported physical activity and psychosocial outcomes requires clear, appropriate, and relevant questionnaires. To explore how survivors of AYA cancer interpreted and responded to the following eight published questionnaires: Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426850/second-primary-malignant-neoplasms-and-survival-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#3
Theresa H M Keegan, Archie Bleyer, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Melanie Goldfarb
Importance: Although the increased incidence of second primary malignant neoplasms (SPMs) is a well-known late effect after cancer, few studies have compared survival after an SPM to survival of the same cancer occurring as first primary malignant neoplasm (PM) by age. Objective: To assess the survival impact of SPMs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) compared with that of pediatric (<15 years) and older adult (≥40 years) patients with the same SPMs...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425203/educational-and-career-goal-attainments-in-young-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#4
Lisa Bashore, Emma Breyer
PURPOSE: Examine the educational and career outcomes of young adult childhood cancer survivors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive study design using a survey sent to 336 survivors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Only 50 completed surveys were returned. Having a central nervous system tumor and radiation were associated with physical impairments. Four themes also emerged: future as medical professionals, dreams fallen short, peer relationships, and positive outlook on life...
April 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419473/translating-the-cognitive-model-of-ptsd-to-the-treatment-of-very-young-children-a-single-case-study-of-an-8-year-old-motor-vehicle-accident-survivor
#5
Benjamin Goodall, Isobel Chadwick, Anna McKinnon, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a clinical condition that occurs after a discrete traumatic event, such as an accident or assault. Research into PTSD has primarily been adult-focused; however, there is a growing body of evidence evaluating the theory and treatment of PTSD in young children. Consequently, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) interventions for PTSD in youth have been developed that focus on 3 core components of the cognitive model-a disorganized memory of the trauma, maladaptive appraisals of the trauma and its effects (meanings), and dysfunctional coping mechanisms (management)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410172/adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivorship-educational-programming-a-qualitative-evaluation
#6
Deborah Vollmer Dahlke, Kayla Fair, Yan Alicia Hong, Debra Kellstedt, Marcia G Ory
BACKGROUND: This program evaluation considers the need for increased professional and patient education for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivorship. Due to the high incidence of late effects of cancer treatment among AYA cancer survivors, knowledge sharing and communications are needed throughout the transition from cancer care into community care. AYA survivors are likely to need developmentally appropriate psychosocial care as well as extensive follow-on surveillance by physicians who are educated and aware of the likely chronic conditions and late effects that may occur in these patients...
February 10, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394737/alcohol-and-nonmedical-prescription-drug-use-to-cope-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-an-analysis-of-hurricane-sandy-survivors
#7
Sarah R Lowe, Laura Sampson, Megan N Young, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Postdisaster increases in substance use have been attributed to use of substances to cope with emotional reactions. However, no study to our knowledge has explored disaster survivors' substance use to cope with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use and nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) to cope with PTSD symptoms in two population-based samples of adult residents of New York City neighborhoods affected by Hurricane Sandy...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393063/neuropsychological-and-psychiatric-outcomes-in-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-across-the-lifespan-a-state-of-the-art-review
#8
REVIEW
Leila Kasmi, Damien Bonnet, Michèle Montreuil, David Kalfa, Nikoletta Geronikola, David C Bellinger, Johanna Calderon
Advances in prenatal diagnosis, perioperative management, and postoperative care have dramatically increased the population of survivors of neonatal and infant heart surgery. The high survival rate of these patients into adulthood has exposed the alarming prevalence of long-term neuropsychological and psychiatric morbidities. Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is one of the most extensively studied cyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) with regard to neurodevelopmental outcomes. Landmark studies have described a common neurodevelopmental and behavioral phenotype associated with d-TGA...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389479/characterization-of-drosophila-saposin-related-mutants-as-a-model-for-lysosomal-sphingolipid-storage-diseases
#9
Julia Sellin, Heike Schulze, Marie Paradis, Dominic Gosejacob, Cyrus Papan, Andrej Shevchenko, Olympia Ekaterina Psathaki, Achim Paululat, Melanie Thielisch, Konrad Sandhoff, Michael Hoch
Sphingolipidoses are inherited diseases belonging to the class of lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs), which are characterized by the accumulation of indigestible material in the lysosome caused by specific defects in the lysosomal degradation machinery. While some LSDs can be efficiently treated by enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), this is not possible if the nervous system is affected due to the presence of the blood brain barrier. Sphingolipidoses in particular often present as severe, untreatable forms of LSDs with massive sphingolipid and membrane accumulation in lysosomes, neurodegeneration, and very short life expectancy...
April 7, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383822/preparing-childhood-cancer-survivors-for-transition-to-adult-care-the-young-adult-perspective
#10
Natasha N Frederick, Sharon L Bober, Lexie Berwick, Mary Tower, Lisa B Kenney
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain at risk for developing treatment-associated health conditions as they age; however, many do not obtain recommended follow-up, putting them at unnecessary risk for morbidity. Educational interventions targeted at providing survivors with the knowledge and skills necessary for healthcare independence might improve adherence and outcomes as they transition care to the adult medical system. OBJECTIVE: To identify informational needs, educational preferences, and support that young adult CCSs perceive as beneficial for transition from pediatric to adult medical care...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380309/using-appearance-based-messages-to-increase-sun-protection-in-adolescent-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study-of-ultraviolet-light-photography
#11
Christopher J Recklitis, Jennifer Bakan, Andrew E Werchniak, Heike Mahler
Despite risk for secondary skin cancers, many adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors do not practice recommended sun protection (SP). Ultraviolet light photography (UVP), which demonstrates the negative impact of sun exposure on physical appearance, has been shown to increase SP in community AYA samples. This study of 58 AYA cancer survivors demonstrates that UVP is acceptable and not distressing to this population. Follow-up data on 23 AYAs demonstrated that those given UVP significantly improve their SP behaviors, while those receiving standard educational materials do not...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374211/engagement-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors-within-a-facebook-based-physical-activity-intervention
#12
Carmina G Valle, Deborah F Tate
Few studies have examined how young adult cancer survivors use online social media. The objective of this study was to characterize Facebook engagement by young adult cancer survivors in the context of a physical activity (PA) intervention program. Young adult cancer survivors participated in one of two Facebook groups as part of a 12-week randomized trial of a PA intervention (FITNET) compared to a self-help comparison (SC) condition. A moderator actively prompted group discussions in the FITNET Facebook group, while social interaction was unprompted in the SC group...
April 3, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366291/the-power-in-being-together-for-young-adults-who-have-heart-disease-the-photoshoot-experience
#13
Robyn Gallagher, Ellen Potter, Linda Thomson Mangnall, Laila Ladak, Patrick Gallagher, Lis Neubeck
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine perceived motivations and benefits of photoshoot participation for young adults who have heart disease. BACKGROUND: Feeling isolated and different can have lifelong affects on quality of life in heart disease survivors. Photoshoots, where people create a photographic image of themselves, promote positive interpretation of their cardiac illness experience, but participant experiences remain under-investigated. METHODS: Young adult heart disease support group members completing a photoshoot were interviewed and data were thematically analyzed...
March 30, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364263/development-of-a-text-messaging-system-to-improve-receipt-of-survivorship-care-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#14
Jacqueline Casillas, Anju Goyal, Jason Bryman, Faisal Alquaddoomi, Patricia A Ganz, Emma Lidington, Joshua Macadangdang, Deborah Estrin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop and examine the acceptability, feasibility, and usability of a text messaging, or Short Message Service (SMS), system for improving the receipt of survivorship care for adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Researchers developed and refined the text messaging system based on qualitative data from AYA survivors in an iterative three-stage process. In stage 1, a focus group (n = 4) addressed acceptability; in stage 2, key informant interviews (n = 10) following a 6-week trial addressed feasibility; and in stage 3, key informant interviews (n = 23) following a 6-week trial addressed usability...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357785/patterns-of-unmet-needs-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-in-their-own-words
#15
Alex W K Wong, Ting-Ting Chang, Katrina Christopher, Stephen C L Lau, Lynda K Beaupin, Brad Love, Kim L Lipsey, Michael Feuerstein
PURPOSE: Categorization of the needs of AYA cancer survivors is primarily based on quantitative analyses of epidemiological and observational research. The present study classified the phenomenological experiences of AYA survivors based on their own language. METHODS: A systematic approach for selecting qualitative studies of unmet needs in AYA cancer survivors was used. Following selection based on quality, survivor statements were entered verbatim and thematic analysis was conducted using NVivo qualitative research software...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334337/birth-outcomes-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#17
Chelsea Anderson, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau, Kristin Z Black, William A Wood, Carey K Anders, Hazel B Nichols
Importance: Cancer diagnosis and treatment may adversely affect reproductive outcomes among female cancer survivors. Objective: To compare the birth outcomes of adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYA [diagnosed at ages 15-39 years]) with those of women without a cancer diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The North Carolina Central Cancer Registry (CCR) was used to identify female AYA cancer survivors diagnosed from January 2000 to December 2013; CCR records were linked to statewide birth certificate files from January 2000 to December 2014 to identify postdiagnosis live births to AYA survivors (n = 2598)...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332951/-cancer-was-a-speed-bump-in-my-path-to-enlightenment-a-qualitative-analysis-of-situational-coping-experiences-among-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#18
Rebecca H Foster, Amanda M Brouwer, Robyn Dillon, Matthew J Bitsko, Kamar Godder, Marilyn Stern
Young adult survivors of childhood cancer (N = 47) completed essays exploring situational coping within a mixed methods study. Data were qualitatively analyzed using consensual qualitative research-modified methodology. Five themes emerged: (1) initial reactions to cancer, (2) adjustment/coping with cancer diagnosis and treatment, (3) provisions of social support, (4) perceived effects of cancer experience, and (5) reflections on the cancer experience. Perceptions of childhood cancer experiences appear generally positive, with the majority of negative reactions emerging immediately following diagnosis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322430/education-employment-and-marriage-in-long-term-survivors-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-compared-with-healthy-controls
#19
Luzius Mader, Janine Vetsch, Salome Christen, Julia Baenziger, Katharina Roser, Silvia Dehler, Gisela Michel
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients are faced with the diagnosis during a challenging period of psychosocial development that may affect social outcomes in the long term. Therefore, we aimed to: (1) determine differences in social outcomes between long-term TYA cancer survivors and healthy controls and (2) identify factors associated with adverse social outcomes. METHODS: We sent a questionnaire to TYA cancer survivors (aged 16-25 years at diagnosis, 5 years after diagnosis) registered in the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319256/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-remains-at-risk-of-poor-social-functioning-over-time
#20
Olga Husson, Bradley J Zebrack, Christine Aguilar, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to examine social functioning among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) within the first 2 years after a cancer diagnosis and compare their scores with population norms and identify trajectories of social functioning over time and its correlates. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal study was conducted among 215 AYA patients with cancer aged 14 to 39 years. A total of 141 patients completed a self-report measure of social functioning within the first 4 months of diagnosis and again at 12 months and 24 months later...
March 20, 2017: Cancer
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