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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639557/effects-of-selective-seratonine-re-uptake-inhibitors-on-meniere-s-disease
#1
Olcay Kıroğlu, Özgür Sürmelioğlu, Mete Kıroğlu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on Meniere's disease (MD) on patients who have both MD and generalized anxiety disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were evaluated with neurotologic examination, videonystagmography, audiological tests, and inner ear magnetic resonance imaging. Characteristic history and the evaluation of the patients' vertigo attacks during the attacks were the primary criteria for the diagnosis of MD...
June 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631688/-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-modern-concepts-of-its-etiology-and-pathogenesis
#2
N L Kunel'skaya, N G Mokrysheva, A L Guseva, E V Baibakova, E A Manaenkova
The objective of the present review of the literature is the analysis of the currently available data concerning etiology and pathogenesis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The special emphasis is placed on the modern hypotheses of BPPV formation that collectively account for not more than 15% of all known cases of this condition. The best explored are the following causes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: vestibular neuronitis, head injuries, and disorders in the middle ear. During the recent years, much attention has been given to the role of disturbances of calcium metabolism and osteoporosis in etiology of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631586/benign-positional-vertigo-and-endolymphatic-hydrops-what-is-the-connection
#3
A F Jahn
BACKGROUND: Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and endolymphatic hydrops are considered to be distinct diagnoses, a minority of vertiginous patients exhibit features of both conditions. This coincidence has been reported previously in the literature, and is reviewed here in terms of possible aetiology. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A new hypothesis to account for both conditions is offered, implicating free-floating degenerating debris from the otolithic apparatus...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622893/outcomes-of-middle-fossa-craniotomy-for-the-repair-of-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence
#4
Nolan Ung, Lawrance K Chung, Carlito Lagman, Nikhilesh S Bhatt, Natalie E Barnette, Vera Ong, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) is a rare defect of the arcuate eminence that causes an abnormal connection between the superior semicircular canal and middle cranial fossa. Patients often present with a variety of auditory and vestibular symptoms. Trigger avoidance is the initial strategy, but surgery may be necessary in debilitating cases. We retrospectively reviewed SSCD patients undergoing repair via a middle fossa craniotomy between March 2011 and September 2015. Forty-nine patients undergoing 58 surgeries were identified...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618979/complications-and-post-operative-sequelae-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthrocentesis
#5
Luigi Angelo Vaira, Maria Teresa Raho, Damiano Soma, Giovanni Salzano, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Giacomo De Riu
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate intraoperative complications and postsurgical sequelae associated with arthrocentesis of the TMJ, including injection of Sodium Hyaluronate. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 433 arthrocentesis procedures performed in 315 patients between January 2009 and August 2016. The authors reviewed the complications identified during the procedure and the follow-up period. RESULTS: Temporary swelling of the periarticular tissues (95...
June 15, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603599/residual-dizziness-after-successful-repositioning-maneuver-for-idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Giorgia Giommetti, Ruggero Lapenna, Roberto Panichi, Puya Dehgani Mobaraki, Fabrizio Longari, Giampietro Ricci, Mario Faralli
The benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a vestibular disorder cause of vertigo. The BPPV may be corrected mechanically by repositioning maneuvers but even after successful maneuvers, some patients report residual dizziness for a certain period afterward. Early recognition and treatment might decrease the incidence of residual dizziness in patients with BPPV, especially in those patients with psychiatric comorbidities and in the elderly, lowering the risk of falling. Many pathogenetic hypotheses for residual dizziness are under debate...
February 1, 2017: Audiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602150/translabyrinthine-vestibular-schwannoma-resection-with-simultaneous-cochlear-implantation
#7
Austin N DeHart, William C Broaddus, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVES: (1) Report a rare case of translabyrinthine resection of a sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) and concurrent cochlear implantation (CI). (2) Discuss pre-, intra-, and post-operative considerations in this unique patient population. (3) Describe surgical and audiologic outcomes reported in this population. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. PubMed search 'Cochlear Implantation'[Mesh] AND ('Neuroma, Acoustic'[Mesh] OR 'VESTIBULAR SCHWANNOMA'[All Fields] OR 'SCHWANNOMA'[All Fields]) limited to humans and English language...
June 12, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595257/are-cervical-collars-a-necessary-postprocedure-restriction-in-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-treated-with-particle-repositioning-maneuvers
#8
Kirsten E Stewart, Darren M Whelan, Anirvan Banerjee
INTRODUCTION: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is managed with particle repositioning maneuvers (PRM), following which patients are advised of activity restrictions to prevent recurrence. This can include wearing a cervical collar. OBJECTIVE: Does the use of BPPV postprocedure restriction with a cervical collar impact on the number of PRMs required to resolve a patient's symptoms? METHOD: Combination of retrospective and prospective review of 624 patients treated in a tertiary UK hospital...
July 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593884/transposition-of-subclavian-artery-is-it-the-appropriate-choice
#9
Nikola Lazovski, Sasko Jovev, Dusan Babic, Srdjan Babic, Omer Dzemali
INTRODUCTION: To present patients with symptomatic subclavian artery disease and treatment possibility. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old female was admitted with vertigo and left arm claudication. Duplex-scan and MSCT arteriography verified subclavian artery occlusion. After the endovascular treatment failure, the patient was switched to surgical treatment - subclavian artery transposition. After the successful surgical treatment, the patient was discharged on the second postoperative day...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551938/-horizontal-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-hc-bppv-clinical-diagnostic-procedures
#10
REVIEW
Oz Zur, Ophir Ilan, Hadas Ben-Rubi Shimron, Eli Carmeli
Horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HCBPPV) is one form of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. HC-BPPV is characterized by intermittent recurrent episodes of vertigo following a change in head position relative to gravity. HC-BPPV prevalence ranges from 5%-33% of all dizziness cases seen in otolaryngology, neurology and family physician clinics. Various factors, such as ear and head injury, can cause HC-BPPV. Cardiovascular disease and iatrogenic reasons are also implicated. Despite the prevalence of the disease, there are various forms of diagnostic procedures, some of which are unfamiliar to the therapist and some are controversial...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548616/pediatric-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-illustrative-case-and-systematic-review
#11
Carlito Lagman, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Lekaa Elhajjmoussa, Christina Fong, Anthony C Wang, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence." Inclusion criteria were as follows: English, full-text clinical studies, case reports, and case series describing pediatric patient(s) (younger than 18 years) with CT evidence of SSCD...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543184/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-measures-associated-with-vestibular-dysfunction
#12
REVIEW
Vicky M Stewart, M Dilani Mendis, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Use of clinical questionnaires to assist in the screening of vestibular disorders in the acute hospital setting is needed. The objective is to detail the clinimetric properties and clinical utility of patient-reported questionnaires for quantifying dizziness/vertigo symptoms associated with vestibular dysfunction, and to determine validity and utility for screening dizziness/vertigo in the emergency department. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science in May 2015...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534686/hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-vestibular-dysfunction
#13
Giuseppe Chiarella, Diego Russo, Fabio Monzani, Claudio Petrolo, Bruno Fattori, Giuseppe Pasqualetti, Ettore Cassandro, Giuseppe Costante
The aim of this review was to analyze the existing literature concerning the relationship between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and vestibular dysfunction. METHODS: We used electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) to search and collect all published articles about association between HT and vestibular disorders. RESULTS: Several observational and retrospective studies have postulated a relationship of thyroid autoimmunity and vestibular disorders. In most cases, an appropriate control group was lacking and the impact of thyroid functional status could not precisely be established...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505503/intracranial-neurenteric-cyst-mimicking-an-ependymoma-imaging-features-pathologic-correlation-and-review-of-literature
#14
Steve M Nelson, Derek A Mathis, Joseph K Hobbs, Vincent M Timpone
We present a case of a 57-year-old female with four-months of diplopia and vertigo. MRI revealed a mixed cystic and solid partially enhancing lesion of the 4th ventricle, foramen of Luschka and cerebellopontine angle. Preoperative differential diagnosis favored ependymoma. Biopsy revealed a neurenteric cyst, a benign developmental lesion that rarely occurs intracranially. This case highlights several atypical manifestations of intracranial neurenteric cyst, with regions of histologically benign solid enhancement, multicompartmental extra-axial location mimicking an ependymoma, and rapid recurrence without evidence of underlying malignancy...
July 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503164/superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-lessons-from-the-first-20-years
#15
REVIEW
Bryan K Ward, John P Carey, Lloyd B Minor
Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome was first reported by Lloyd Minor and colleagues in 1998. Patients with a dehiscence in the bone overlying the superior semicircular canal experience symptoms of pressure or sound-induced vertigo, bone conduction hyperacusis, and pulsatile tinnitus. The initial series of patients were diagnosed based on common symptoms, a physical examination finding of eye movements in the plane of the superior semicircular canal when ear canal pressure or loud tones were applied to the ear, and high-resolution computed tomography imaging demonstrating a dehiscence in the bone over the superior semicircular canal...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502274/superior-petrosal-sinus-causing-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome
#16
S M D Schneiders, J W Rainsbury, E F Hensen, R M Irving
OBJECTIVE: To determine signs and symptoms for superior canal dehiscence syndrome caused by the superior petrosal sinus. METHODS: A review of the English-language literature on PubMed and Embase databases was conducted, in addition to a multi-centre case series report. RESULTS: The most common symptoms of 17 patients with superior petrosal sinus related superior canal dehiscence syndrome were: hearing loss (53 per cent), aural fullness (47 per cent), pulsatile tinnitus (41 per cent) and pressure-induced vertigo (41 per cent)...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485653/vestibular-rehabilitation-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reality-or-fiction
#17
Federica Bressi, Paola Vella, Manuele Casale, Antonio Moffa, Lorenzo Sabatino, Michele Antonio Lopez, Francesco Carinci, Rocco Papalia, Fabrizio Salvinelli, Silvia Sterzi
The objective of this article is to systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Relevant published studies about VR in BPPV were searched in PubMed, Google Scholar and Ovid using various keywords. We included trials that were available in the English language and did not apply publication year or publication status restrictions. Studies based on the VR in other peripheral and/or central balance disorders are excluded...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473800/central-positional-nystagmus-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Nora K Macdonald, Diego Kaski, Yougan Saman, Amal Al-Shaikh Sulaiman, Amal Anwer, Doris-Eva Bamiou
OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of the clinical and radiological features of lesion-induced central positional nystagmus (CPN) and identify salient characteristics that differentiate central from peripheral positional nystagmus (PN). METHODS: Systematic literature search according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients from 28 studies met the participants intervention, comparison, outcomes, and study designs criteria for inclusion...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434468/the-effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-banxia-baizhu-tianma-decoction-for-the-treatment-of-vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-vertigo-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
ZhenLang Guo, ZhenNing Su, ZhengFei Wang, XiaoMu Luo, RenKui Lai
OBJECTIVES: Banxia Baizhu Tianma Decoction (BBTD) is widely used to treat vertebrobasilar insufficiency vertigo (VBIV) in China, but its efficacy remains largely unexplored. We systemically summarized relevant evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the therapeutic effect of BBTD. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched for relevant electronic studies published before July 2016. We evaluated RCTs that compared BBTD, anti-vertigo drugs and a combination of BBTD and anti-vertigo drugs...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429801/the-dizzy-patient-don-t-forget-disorders-of-the-central-vestibular-system
#20
REVIEW
Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich
Vertigo and dizziness are among the most common complaints in neurology clinics, and they account for about 13% of the patients entering emergency units. In this Review, we focus on central vestibular disorders, which are mostly attributable to acute unilateral lesions of the bilateral vestibular circuitry in the brain. In a tertiary interdisciplinary outpatient dizziness unit, central vestibular disorders, including vestibular migraine, comprise about 25% of the established diagnoses. The signs and symptoms of these disorders can mimic those of peripheral vestibular disorders with sustained rotational vertigo...
June 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
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