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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873123/vestibular-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
Thyra Langhagen, Mirjam N Landgraf, Doreen Huppert, Florian Heinen, Klaus Jahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide an actualized overview on vestibular migraine in childhood and adolescence, with focus on the epidemiology and clinical presentation as well as its treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Vertigo spells in childhood can evolve into other periodic syndromes and/or migraine types and persist even into adulthood. Vestibular migraine (VM) and benign paroxysmal vertigo are the most common causes of vertigo in children and adolescents...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864084/development-and-regeneration-of-vestibular-hair-cells-in-mammals
#2
REVIEW
Joseph Burns, Jennifer Stone
Vestibular sensation is essential for gaze stabilization, balance, and perception of gravity. The vestibular receptors in mammals, Type I and Type II hair cells, are located in five small organs in the inner ear. Damage to hair cells and their innervating neurons can cause crippling symptoms such as vertigo, visual field oscillation, and imbalance. In adult rodents, some Type II hair cells are regenerated and become re-innervated after damage, presenting opportunities for restoring vestibular function after hair cell damage...
November 15, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823580/radiological-and-audiometric-evaluation-of-high-jugular-bulb-and-dehiscent-high-jugular-bulb
#3
A T Sayit, H P Gunbey, B Fethallah, E Gunbey, E Karabulut
OBJECTIVE: To inform on the incidence of high jugular bulb and dehiscent high jugular bulb, and the symptoms related to these vascular anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of temporal bone computed tomography scans of 3285 patients who attended our clinic with various symptoms. The medical records of patients with high jugular bulb and dehiscent high jugular bulb were analysed, and the clinical findings reviewed. Patients with dehiscent high jugular bulb were evaluated for hearing loss with pure tone audiometry...
November 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#4
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. Clinical Question After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780909/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-secondary-to-mild-head-trauma
#5
Dimitrios G Balatsouras, George Koukoutsis, Andreas Aspris, Alexandros Fassolis, Antonis Moukos, Nicolas C Economou, Michael Katotomichelakis
OBJECTIVES: We studied the clinical characteristics, nystagmographic findings, and treatment outcome of a group of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) secondary to mild head trauma and compared them with a group of patients with idiopathic BPPV. METHODS: The medical records of 33 patients with BPPV associated with mild head trauma were reviewed. Data of a complete otolaryngological, audiological, neurotologic, and imaging evaluation were available for all patients...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751620/hearing-aid-silicone-impression-material-as-a-foreign-body-in-the-middle-ear
#6
Hyun-Min Lee, Keun-Ik Yi, Jae-Hoon Jung, Il-Woo Lee
We report an extremely rare case of hearing aid silicone impression material as a foreign body in the middle ear. Symptoms of the patient were otorrhea and vertigo after taking of a mold impression on his only hearing ear, and the symptoms mimicked chronic otitis media. A temporal bone CT scan revealed foreign body material in the middle ear and Eustachian tube. An intact canal wall mastoidectomy with a facial recess approach and type IV tympanoplasty was performed to remove the silicone impression material...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749755/vestibular-function-after-cochlear-implantation-a-comparison-of-three-types-of-electrodes
#7
Jonas Frodlund, Henrik Harder, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Torbjörn Ledin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vestibular function after cochlear implantation with different types of electrode arrays. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty three adults underwent first cochlear implantation. Three consecutive series of patients: Group 1 (n = 13) implanted with a precurved electrode, Group 2 (n = 15) implanted with a straight electrode, Group 3 (n = 15) implanted with a flexible electrode...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749752/vestibular-involvement-in-patients-with-otitis-media-with-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#8
Yuka Morita, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Shuji Izumi, Yamato Kubota, Shinsuke Ohshima, Arata Horii
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media (OM) with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (OMAAV) is a novel concept of ear disease that is characterized by progressive mixed or sensorineural hearing loss with occasional systemic involvement. Considering the accumulating knowledge about the characteristics of and treatment for auditory dysfunction in OMAAV, the objective of this study was to investigate the vestibular function and symptoms of patients with OMAAV. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747732/accidental-overdose-of-oral-cyclosporine-in-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Ali Tafazoli
A 26-year-old woman developed symptoms of acute toxicity during cyclosporine (CsA) therapy for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. The standard regimen included CsA in a dose of 1.5 mg/kg (120 mg) every 12 h, but, as a medication error, she received a high dose of 500 mg of oral CsA. After 2 h, she developed nausea and vomiting and, subsequently, flushing, chest tightness, tremor and vertigo. Laboratory and clinical examinations revealed high blood CsA concentrations (1000 ng/mL after 12 h) with a mild increase in blood pressure...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747231/audiovestibular-function-deficits-in-vestibular-schwannoma
#10
Constantin von Kirschbaum, Robert Gürkov
Introduction. Vestibular schwannomas (VS) are benign tumours of the vestibular nerve and can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, facial palsy, and brainstem compression. Audiovestibular diagnostic tests are essential for detection and treatment planning. Methods. Medline was used to perform a systematic literature review with regard to how audiovestibular test parameters correlate with symptoms, tumour size, and tumour location. Results. The auditory brainstem response can be used to diagnose retrocochlear lesions caused by VS...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746761/vestibular-function-tests-for-vestibular-migraine-clinical-implication-of-video-head-impulse-and-caloric-tests
#11
Woo Seok Kang, Sang Hun Lee, Chan Joo Yang, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
Vestibular migraine (VM) is one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. We reviewed the results of multiple vestibular function tests in a cohort of VM patients who were diagnosed with VM according to the diagnostic criteria of the Barany Society and the International Headache Society and assessed the efficacy of each for predicting the prognosis in VM patients. A retrospective chart analysis was performed on 81 VM patients at a tertiary care center from June 2014 to July 2015. Patients were assessed by the video head impulse test (vHIT), caloric test, vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), and sensory organization test (SOT) at the initial visit and then evaluated for symptomatic improvement after 6 months...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742964/-vestibular-schwannoma-management-and-microsurgical-results
#12
S Rosahl, D Eßer
BACKGROUND: The experience of the medical team, interdisciplinarity, quality of the physician-patient relationship, sensible use of modern technology, and a sound knowledge about the long-term results of observation and interventions all influence treatment quality in patients with vestibular schwannomas. OBJECTIVES: Compilation of findings regarding the results of observation and microsurgical treatment of patients with these tumors. Deduction of strategies for the medical management from these data...
October 14, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737513/pharmacologic-interventions-for-treating-phantom-limb-pain
#13
REVIEW
Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703110/-isolated-severe-dysphagia-associated-with-medial-medullary-infarction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Keiko Tamaki, Jun Tsugawa, Takeshi Murakami, George Umemoto, Yoshio Tsuboi
A 59-year-old man developed a sudden onset of vertigo and nausea, and after a few hours, he could not swallow at all. On admission, neurological examination revealed severe dysphagia associated with other transient and mild neurological deficits, including left facial paresis, and hypesthesia in the right side of his body. MRI with diffusion weighted imaging showed a hyperintense signal lesion at the left rostral medial region of the medulla, prompting the diagnosis of an acute medial medullary infarction. His facial paresis and hypesthesia disappeared within 2 weeks...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697874/effect-of-day-case-unilateral-cochlear-implantation-in-adults-on-general-and-disease-specific-quality-of-life-postoperative-complications-and-hearing-results-tinnitus-vertigo-and-cost-effectiveness-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Laura S M Derks, Inge Wegner, Adriana L Smit, Hans G X M Thomeer, Vedat Topsakal, Wilko Grolman
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation is an increasingly common procedure in the treatment of severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children and adults. It is often performed as a day-case procedure. The major drive towards day-case surgery has been from a logistical, economical and societal perspective, but we also speculate that the patient's quality of life (QoL) is at least equal to inpatient surgery if not increased as a result of rapid discharge and rehabilitation...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647022/cochleovestibular-nerve-compression-syndrome-due-to-intrameatal-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-loop-synthesis-of-best-evidence-for-clinical-decisions
#16
G Esposito, R Messina, A Carai, G S Colafati, F Randi, A De Benedictis, S Cossu, M M Fontanella, C E Marras
INTRODUCTION: Intrameatal cochleovestibular neurovascular conflict is a rare condition with specific clinical and therapeutic implications. Although surgery is commonly indicated in other neurovascular conflicts, for this subset of patients there is little evidence to guide treatment decisions. Moving from a case description, we performed a review of the literature on this topic in order to systematically present the best available evidence to guide clinical decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a literature review on reported cases of surgically treated intrameatal anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) - cochleovestibular nerve (CVN) neurovascular conflict, analyzing preoperative clinical data, surgical techniques, and outcomes...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639447/vertigo-and-the-processing-of-vestibular-information-a-review-in-the-context-of-predictive-coding
#17
REVIEW
Carsten M Klingner, Hubertus Axer, Stefan Brodoehl, Otto W Witte
This article investigates the processing of vestibular information by interpreting current experimental knowledge in the framework of predictive coding. We demonstrate that this theoretical framework give us insights into several important questions regarding specific properties of the vestibular system. Particularly, we discuss why the vestibular network is more spatially distributed than other sensory networks, why a mismatch in the vestibular system is more clinically disturbing than in other sensory systems, why the vestibular system is only marginally affected by most cerebral lesions, and whether there is a primary vestibular cortex...
September 14, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638072/principles-of-vestibular-pharmacotherapy
#18
C Chabbert
Ideally, vestibular pharmacotherapy is intended, through specific and targeted molecular actions, to significantly alleviate vertigo symptoms, to protect or repair the vestibular sensory network under pathologic conditions, and to promote vestibular compensation, with the eventual aim of improving the patient's quality of life. In fact, in order to achieve this aim, considerable progress still needs to be made. The lack of information on the etiology of vestibular disorders and the pharmacologic targets to modulate, as well as the technical challenge of targeting a drug to its effective site are some of the main issues yet to be overcome...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632181/neuro-otology-some-recent-clinical-advances
#19
Miriam S Welgampola, Gülden Akdal, G Michael Halmagyi
Vestibular disorders manifesting as vertigo, chronic dizziness and imbalance are common problems in neurological practice. Here, we review some recent interesting and important advances in diagnosis of vestibular disorders using the video head impulse test and in the management of benign positional vertigo and migrainous vertigo.
September 15, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631827/clinical-implication-of-the-threshold-equalizing-noise-test-in-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Ji Eun Choi, Jung Joo Lee, Won-Ho Chung, Yang-Sun Cho, Sung Hwa Hong, Il Joon Moon
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of cochlear dead regions (DRs) in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and compare the hearing outcome according to the presence of DRs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The threshold-equalizing noise (HL) test was performed on a total of 112 ears diagnosed with SSNHL...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
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