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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934836/pregnancy-in-women-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-data-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology-initiated-registry-of-pregnancy-and-cardiac-disease-ropac
#1
S Goland, I M van Hagen, G Elbaz-Greener, U Elkayam, A Shotan, W M Merz, S C Enar, I R Gaisin, P G Pieper, M R Johnson, R Hall, A Blatt, J W Roos-Hesselink
Aims: We report the maternal and foetal outcomes at birth and after 6 months in a cohort of pregnant women with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although most women with HCM tolerate pregnancy well, there is an increased risk of obstetric and cardiovascular complications. Methods and results: All pregnant women with HCM entered into the prospective worldwide Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease (ROPAC) were included in this analysis. The primary endpoint was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), which included death, heart failure (HF), thrombo-embolic event, and arrhythmia...
September 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934721/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-transportation-noise-and-traffic-related-air-pollution-with-the-incidence-of-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Charlotte Clark, Hind Sbihi, Lillian Tamburic, Michael Brauer, Lawrence D Frank, Hugh W Davies
BACKGROUND: Evidence for an association between transportation noise and cardiovascular disease has increased; however, few studies have examined metabolic outcomes such as diabetes or accounted for environmental coexposures such as air pollution, greenness, or walkability. OBJECTIVES: Because diabetes prevalence is increasing and may be on the causal pathway between noise and cardiovascular disease, we examined the influence of long-term residential transportation noise exposure and traffic-related air pollution on the incidence of diabetes using a population-based cohort in British Columbia, Canada...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934556/the-effect-of-t-ai-chi-exercise-on-lipid-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#3
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Jeffrey C Hoover, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Shaji John Kachanathu, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a common health problem resulting from many factors, including dyslipidemia. T'ai chi is one of the interventions assigned to improve lipid profiles and other physical outcomes. However, conflicting results might be attributed to different study designs and interventional approaches. A systematic review and meta-analysis are needed to evaluate existing evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate existing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the overall effect of t'ai chi exercise on lipid profiles...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934528/the-impact-of-altitude-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-dwelling-at-high-altitude-a-crossover-study
#4
Benjamin H Hughes, John T Brinton, David G Ingram, Ann C Halbower
Study Objectives: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent among children and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Worldwide, approximately 250 million individuals reside at altitudes higher than 2000 meters above sea level (masl). The effect of chronic high-altitude exposure on children with SDB is unknown. This study aims to determine the impact of altitude on sleep study outcomes in children with SDB dwelling at high altitude. Methods: A single-center crossover study was performed to compare results of high-altitude home polysomnography (H-PSG) with lower altitude laboratory polysomnography (L-PSG) in school-age children dwelling at high altitude with symptoms consistent with SDB...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934312/clinical-characteristics-and-12-month-outcomes-of-patients-with-valvular-and-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-kenya
#5
Tecla M Temu, Kathleen A Lane, Changyu Shen, Loise Ng'ang'a, Constantine O Akwanalo, Peng-Sheng Chen, Wilfred Emonyi, Susan R Heckbert, Myra M Koech, Imran Manji, Matteo Vatta, Eric J Velazquez, Jennifer Wessel, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Thomas S Inui, Gerald S Bloomfield
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major contributor to the global cardiovascular disease burden. The clinical profile and outcomes of AF patients with valvular heart diseases in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have not been adequately described. We assessed clinical features and 12-month outcomes of patients with valvular AF (vAF) in comparison to AF patients without valvular heart disease (nvAF) in western Kenya. METHODS: We performed a cohort study with retrospective data gathering to characterize risk factors and prospective data collection to characterize their hospitalization, stroke and mortality rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934189/cystatin-c-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-a-hypertensive-population
#6
R Garcia-Carretero, L Vigil-Medina, O Barquero-Perez, R Goya-Esteban, I Mora-Jimenez, C Soguero-Ruiz, J Ramos-Lopez
Calculating the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using creatinine-based equations may underestimate cardiovascular risk. Cystatin C-based eGFR may be a stronger prognostic biomarker than creatinine-based eGFR when assessing cardiovascular outcomes and mortality. Our aim was to determine whether levels of serum cystatin C, as an estimator of GFR, had a higher predictive value than creatinine-based eGFR for incident cardiovascular disease among hypertensive patients. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 2016 hypertensive patients from the Hypertension Unit at Mostoles University Hospital between 2006 and 2016...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933610/exercise-interventions-in-multiple-sclerosis-rehabilitation-need-better-reporting-on-comorbidities-a-systematic-scoping-review
#7
Etienne J Bisson, Afolasade Fakolade, Julie Pétrin, Julie Lamarre, Marcia Finlayson
OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent to which exercise intervention studies in multiple sclerosis rehabilitation are addressing comorbidities and if researchers consider comorbidities as possible moderators or mediators of exercise outcomes. METHODS: Five databases were searched from inception to January 8, 2016, for exercise-related terms in combination with multiple sclerosis. Studies were screened and limited to randomized control trials, full text, and English language...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933520/anticoagulation-and-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-of-the-femoro-popliteal-arteries
#8
Cornelis G Vos, Anco Vahl
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with a substantial cardiovascular risk and secondary prevention is recommended for all patients. In this report the literature on anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs for patients with PAD in the femoro-popliteal segment is reviewed. PubMED/MEDLINE and Cochrane Database was searched for studies published between January 1966 and August 2017. Meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials describing outcome of anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs for secondary prevention or following vascular interventions in patients with PAD were included...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933414/association-between-low-serum-bicarbonate-concentrations-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-in-the-end-stage-of-renal-disease
#9
Vaia D Raikou, Despina Kyriaki
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis, a common condition particularly in the end-stage of renal disease patients, results in malnutrition, inflammation and oxidative stress. In this study, we focused on the association between low serum bicarbonate and cardiovascular disease in patients on intermittent dialysis. METHODS: We studied 52 on-line-pre-dilution hemodiafiltration (on-l HDF) patients, 32 males and 20 females, with a mean age of 58.01 ± 15.4 years old. Metabolic acidosis was determined by serum bicarbonate concentrations less than 22 mmol/L...
November 15, 2016: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933297/circulating-stem-progenitor-cells-as-prognostic-biomarkers-in-macro-and-microvascular-disease-a-narrative-review-of-prospective-observational-studies
#10
Mauro Rigato, Gian Paolo Fadini
BACKGROUND: Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are immature cells involved in vascular repair and related to many aspects of macro and microvascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review studies reporting the prognostic role of CPCs/EPCs measurement on development of cardiovascular disease and microangiopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the English language literature for prospective observational studies reporting the future development of cardiovascular disease or microangiopathy in patients having a baseline determination of CPCs/EPCs...
September 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933204/healthcare-utilization-and-direct-costs-of-non-infectious-comorbidities-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-the-usa
#11
Joel Gallant, Priscilla Hsue, David Budd, Nicole Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incremental healthcare utilization and costs associated with common non-infectious comorbid conditions among commercially and Medicaid-insured HIV-infected patients in the US. METHODS: US administrative claims were used to select adult HIV patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, or fracture/osteoporosis, three common comorbidities that have been associated with HIV and HIV treatment, between 01/012004 and 06/30/2013...
September 21, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932532/evacetrapib-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-reasons-for-lack-of-efficacy
#12
EDITORIAL
Theodosios D Filippatos, Moses S Elisaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932518/do-the-blood-pressure-changes-in-association-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance-play-an-important-role-to-improve-cardiovascular-outcomes
#13
EDITORIAL
Azusa Murata, Takatoshi Kasai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932408/golden-hour-of-neonatal-life-need-of-the-hour
#14
REVIEW
Deepak Sharma
"Golden Hour" of neonatal life is defined as the first hour of post-natal life in both preterm and term neonates. This concept in neonatology has been adopted from adult trauma where the initial first hour of trauma management is considered as golden hour. The "Golden hour" concept includes practicing all the evidence based intervention for term and preterm neonates, in the initial sixty minutes of postnatal life for better long-term outcome. Although the current evidence supports the concept of golden hour in preterm and still there is no evidence seeking the benefit of golden hour approach in term neonates, but neonatologist around the globe feel the importance of golden hour concept equally in both preterm and term neonates...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932290/moderate-to-high-intensity-statins-for-secondary-prevention-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-on-dialysis-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Yan-Rong Li, Sung-Sheng Tsai, Yu-Sheng Lin, Chang-Min Chung, Szu-Tah Chen, Jui-Hung Sun, Miaw-Jene Liou, Tien-Hsing Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidences support the benefits of moderate- to high-intensity statins for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) except for those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on dialysis after AMI. This study was aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases using moderate- to high-intensity statins in T2DM patients on dialysis after AMI. METHODS: A simulated prospective cohort study was conducted between January 1st, 2001 and December 31st, 2013 utilizing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931706/diabetes-research-and-care-through-the-ages
#16
Bernard Zinman, Jay S Skyler, Matthew C Riddle, Ele Ferrannini
As has been well established, the Diabetes Care journal's most visible signature event is the Diabetes Care Symposium held each year during the American Diabetes Association's Scientific Sessions. Held this past year on 10 June 2017 in San Diego, California, at the 77th Scientific Sessions, this event has become one of the most attended sessions during the Scientific Sessions. Each year, in order to continue to have the symposium generate interest, we revise the format and content of this event. For this past year, our 6th annual symposium, I felt it was time to provide a comprehensive overview of our efforts in diabetes care to determine, first and foremost, how we arrived at our current state of management...
October 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931509/development-and-validation-of-qmortality-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-short-term-risk-of-death-and-assess-frailty-cohort-study
#17
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate a risk prediction equation to estimate the short term risk of death, and to develop a classification method for frailty based on risk of death and risk of unplanned hospital admission.Design Prospective open cohort study.Participants Routinely collected data from 1436 general practices contributing data to QResearch in England between 2012 and 2016. 1079 practices were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 357 practices to validate the scores. 1.47 million patients aged 65-100 years were in the derivation cohort and 0...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931474/could-circulating-fetuin-a-be-a-biomarker-of-aortic-valve-stenosis
#18
Alessandro Di Minno, Marco Zanobini, Veronika A Myasoedova, Vincenza Valerio, Paola Songia, Matteo Saccocci, Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno, Elena Tremoli, Paolo Poggio
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is a multifactorial-progressive pathological process. In the past decades, many studies have focus their attention on circulating biomarkers able to identify AVS and/or to predict its progression. One of the many biomarkers studied is the fetuin A. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate the correlation between fetuin A levels and end-stage AVS. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic search was performed in three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus), looking for studies that compared control subjects with AVS patients and that have measured fetuin A circulating levels in both groups...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931411/topiramate-s-effectiveness-on-weight-reduction-in-overweight-obese-persons-with-schizophrenia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika, Silumini de Silva, K A L A Kuruppuarachchi
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder with a higher mortality than that of the general population. Most of the deaths are due to cardiovascular causes and are related to metabolic risks. This risk is due not only to antipsychotics but also to inherent factors of the disorder. Studies in the West have shown topiramate to be effective in schizophrenia to reduce weight gain and for symptomatic control. Whether this is effective for South Asians is not known. It is important because South Asians have a higher risk of metabolic syndrome...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931095/-new-recommendations-in-oncocardiology
#20
Csaba András Nagy, Mária Lódi, Ingrid Balogh, Dániel Czuriga, Judit Kocsis
It is well-known that modern oncotherapy significantly reduced the mortality of malignant diseases. However, serious side effects of the applied cancer therapies have evolved, which may adversely affect the cardiovascular system. Early side effects often limit therapeutic success of oncotherapy and may require treatment interruption, while late-onset side effects can adversely influence the long-term survival of patients recovering from cancer. Oncocardiology is a new medical field gaining more and more attention...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
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