keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anatomy pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433207/correlation-of-frontal-sinus-recess-anatomy-with-ethnicity-gender-and-pathology
#1
Laura K House, Scott P Stringer, Samantha Seals
PURPOSE: Research on frontal sinus cells has been conflicting regarding relationship between frontal sinus cells and frontal sinus disease. There are no published studies regarding gender differences in frontal sinus disease. No comparisons between African Americans and Caucasians and frontal sinus disease have been published. This study attempts to define the above relationships as well as the relationship between number and types of cells and disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on sinus CT scans done from 2003 to 2011 at an academic medical center...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431443/-surgical-and-interventional-therapy-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation
#2
Wolfgang Schillinger, Miriam Puls, Bernhard C Danner
Depending from the etiology of mitral valve pathology and surgical risk, mitral valve surgery is the therapy of choice for most degenerative mitral valve diseases. In isolated secondary mitral valve regurgitation, the indication for interventional or conservative therapy becomes more important. In severe left ventricular dysfunction heart transplantation has to be taken into consideration. If relevant coronary artery disease is present and bypass surgery is indicated, mitral valve surgery is mandatory in severe regurgitation and is subject to a benefit-risk evaluation in moderate regurgitation...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430540/demystifying-orbital-emergencies-a-pictorial-review
#3
Viet D Nguyen, Achint K Singh, Wilson B Altmeyer, Bundhit Tantiwongkosi
Imaging of the orbit plays an important role in the workup of orbital emergencies. Orbital imaging is particularly useful in the emergency department, where clinical history and physical examination may be limited or delayed until the exclusion or treatment of more life-threatening conditions. Cross-sectional orbital imaging with multidetector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed in addition to ultrasonography. In an emergent setting, CT is the preferred modality when evaluating for intraorbital foreign bodies, fractures, or calcifications within a mass lesion...
April 21, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430115/a-systematic-review-of-3-d-printing-in-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-diseases
#4
Zhonghua Sun, Shen Yuan Lee
OBJECTIVE: The application of 3-D printing has been increasingly used in medicine, with research showing many applications in cardiovascular disease. This systematic review analyzes those studies published about the applications of 3-D printed, patient-specific models in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS: A search of PubMed/Medline and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies investigating the 3-D printing in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427063/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-diabetic-maculopathy
#5
Gabriel Coscas, Marco Lupidi, Florence Coscas
Fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography have provided information about the normal retinal and choroidal anatomy, nearly comparable to histological findings. These tests have been fundamental in the evaluation of all retinal and choroidal vascular diseases and have allowed clinicians to define and diagnose several pathological conditions. FA became the "gold standard" in retinal imaging due to the capacity to visualize the retinal capillary bed and its changes, both in the macular area and in the periphery...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422426/dinosaurs-chameleons-humans-and-evo-devo-path-linking-%C3%A3-tienne-geoffroy-s-teratology-waddington-s-homeorhesis-alberch-s-logic-of-monsters-and-goldschmidt-hopeful-monsters
#6
REVIEW
Rui Diogo, Geoffrey Guinard, Raul E Diaz
Since the rise of evo-devo (evolutionary developmental biology) in the 1980s, few authors have attempted to combine the increasing knowledge obtained from the study of model organisms and human medicine with data from comparative anatomy and evolutionary biology in order to investigate the links between development, pathology, and macroevolution. Fortunately, this situation is slowly changing, with a renewed interest in evolutionary developmental pathology (evo-devo-path) in the past decades, as evidenced by the idea to publish this special, and very timely, issue on "Developmental Evolution in Biomedical Research...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413989/anatomical-wrist-patterns-on-plain-radiographs
#7
Aviv Kramer, Raviv Allon, Alon Wolf, Tal Kalaiman, Idit Lavi, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Interpreting the structure in the wrist is complicated by the existence of multiple joints as well as variability in bone shapes and anatomical patterns. Previous studies have evaluated lunate and capitate shape in an attempt to understand functional anatomical patterns. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe anatomical shapes and wrist patterns in normal wrist radiographs. We hypothesized that there is a significant relationship in the midcarpal joint with at least one consistent pattern of wrist anatomy...
April 17, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413041/defining-cervical-elongation-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Patrick A Nosti, Robert E Gutman, Cheryl B Iglesia, Amy J Park, Eshetu Tefera, Andrew I Sokol
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to define cervical elongation (CE) using the following methods: (1) measurement of pathology specimen, (2) physician perception, (3) intraoperative estimate of anterior cervical length, and (4) office Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) points C and D. Our secondary aim was to determine whether these definitions correlate with perioperative outcomes. METHODS: Women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy and prolapse repair were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409726/the-suboccipital-ligament
#9
Kelsey Alabaster, M Fred Bugg, Bruno Splavski, Frederick A Boop, Kenan I Arnautovic
OBJECTIVE A fibrous structure located dorsal to the dura at the posterior craniocervical junction stretches horizontally between the bilateral occipital condyles and the upper borders of the C-1 laminae. Partially covered by the occipital bone, this structure is always encountered when the bone is removed from the foramen magnum rim during approaches to the posterior cranial fossa. Although known to surgeons, this structure has not been defined, studied, or named. The most appropriate name for this structure is "the suboccipital ligament," and a detailed rationale for this name is provided...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408248/extraforaminal-compression-of-the-l5-nerve-an-anatomical-study-with-application-to-failed-posterior-decompressive-procedures
#10
R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga, Islam Aly, Marc D Moisi, David R Hanscom, Jens R Chapman, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian
This anatomical study was performed to elucidate the pertinent foraminal and lateral L5 nerve anatomy to enhance our understanding of possible neurologic causes of failed decompression surgery. Persistent extraforaminal L5 nerve compression is a possible cause of persistent symptoms following lumbosacral surgery. The amount of extraforaminal space for the L5 ventral ramus was examined in fifty adult human skeletons (100 sides). Based on morphology, the specimens were then categorized (types I-IV) on the basis of the bony space available for the nerve at this location...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405771/sacral-epidural-arteriovenous-fistulas-imitators-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-with-different-pathologic-anatomy-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Michael M Safaee, Aaron J Clark, Michael T Lawton
BACKGROUND: Sacral epidural arteriovenous fistulas (eAVFs) are rare and often misdiagnosed because of the incongruence between the thoracic level of clinical deficits and the sacral location of the offending pathology. Failure to diagnose this lesion delays treatment, resulting in prolonged venous hypertension in the cord, progressive neurological deterioration, and decreased chances of recovery. METHODS: A single-institution case series and the published literature were reviewed...
April 12, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401279/current-concepts-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-extra-articular-hip-impingement-syndromes
#12
REVIEW
Naoki Nakano, Grace Yip, Vikas Khanduja
PURPOSE: Extra-articular hip impingement syndromes encompass a group of conditions that have previously been an unrecognised source of pain in the hip and on occasion been associated with intra-articular hip impingement as well. As arthroscopic techniques for the hip continue to evolve, the importance of these conditions has been recognised recently and now form an important part of the differential of an individual presenting with hip pain. The aim of this article, therefore, is to provide the reader with an evidence-based and comprehensive update of these syndromes...
April 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400882/suprascapular-nerve-pathology-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Lazaros Kostretzis, Ioannis Theodoroudis, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Nikolaos Papadakis, Pericles Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve pathology is a rare diagnosis that is increasingly gaining popularity among the conditions that cause shoulder pain and dysfunction. The suprascapular nerve passes through several osseoligamentous structures and can be compressed in several locations. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed using online available databases in order to carefully define the pathophysiology and to guide diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: Suprascapular neuropathy diagnosis is based on a careful history and a thorough clinical and radiological examination...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400880/arthroscopic-findings-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#14
REVIEW
Michael Hantes, Vasilios Raoulis
BACKGROUND: In the last years, basic research and arthroscopic surgery, have improved our understanding of shoulder anatomy and pathology. It is a fact that arthroscopic treatment of shoulder instability has evolved considerably over the past decades. The aim of this paper is to present the variety of pathologies that should be identified and treated during shoulder arthroscopy when dealing with anterior shoulder instability cases. METHODS: A review of the current literature regarding arthroscopic shoulder anatomy, anatomic variants, and arthroscopic findings in anterior shoulder instability, is presented...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397138/middle-fossa-approach-for-resection-of-vestibular-schwannoma
#15
Gmaan Alzhrani, Clough Shelton, William T Couldwell
BACKGROUND: Surgical approaches for removal of vestibular schwannoma are done through retrosigmoid, translabyrinthine, or middle fossa approaches, depending on the tumor size, preoperative hearing status, surgical team experience, and patient preference. The middle fossa approach (MFA) for the vestibular schwannoma (VS) route preserves hearing and can be done with minimal morbidity and mortality. METHOD: The authors discuss the surgical anatomy of the middle fossa, internal auditory canal localization techniques, MFA indications and the procedure for VS removal, and outcome...
April 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396968/a-comprehensive-review-of-the-anterior-fontanelle-embryology-anatomy-and-clinical-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Anthony V D'Antoni, Orin Imani Donaldson, Cameron Schmidt, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
PURPOSE: Fontanelles are a regular feature of infant development in which two segments of bone remain separated, leaving an area of fibrous membrane or a "soft spot" that acts to accommodate growth of the brain without compression by the skull. Of the six fontanelles in the human skull, the anterior fontanelle, located between the frontal and parietal bones, serves as an important anatomical diagnostic tool in the assessment of impairments of the skull and brain and allows access to the brain and ventricles in the infant...
April 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393998/-large-mitral-annulus-myxoma-presenting-with-syncope-report-of-one-case
#17
Julián Vega, Luigi Gabrielli, Gabriel Olivares, Samuel Córdova, Manuel Méndez, Rodrigo González
We report a 23-year-old woman, with three recent exertional syncopes. Transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography found a large heterogeneous mass (38 x 35 mm) arising from the posterior mitral annulus, protruding in systole through the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). Heart MRI confirmed the echocardiography findings, suggesting a cardiac myxoma. Cardiac surgery accomplished the complete resection of the lesion, confirming a mass arising from the posterior mitral annulus and preserving mitral anatomy and function...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392009/genitourinary-and-gastrointestinal-co-morbidities-in-children-the-role-of-neural-circuits-in-regulation-of-visceral-function
#18
REVIEW
A P Malykhina, K E Brodie, D T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common problem in childhood. Lower urinary tract symptoms in children include overactive bladder, voiding postponement, stress incontinence, giggle incontinence, and dysfunctional voiding. Gastrointestinal co-morbidities, including constipation or fecal incontinence, are commonly associated with lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms in children, often reaching 22-34%. This review summarized the potential mechanisms underlying functional lower urinary and gastrointestinal co-morbidities in children...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391601/retrospective-evaluation-of-cerebral-tumors-resect-a-clinical-database-of-pre-operative-mri-and-intra-operative-ultrasound-in-low-grade-glioma-surgeries
#19
Yiming Xiao, Maryse Fortin, Geirmund Unsgård, Hassan Rivaz, Ingerid Reinertsen
PURPOSE: The advancement of medical image processing techniques, such as image registration, can effectively help improve the accuracy and efficiency of brain tumor surgeries. However, it is often challenging to validate these techniques with real clinical data due to the rarity of such publicly available repositories. ACQUISITION AND VALIDATION METHODS: Pre-operative magnetic resonance images (MRI), and intra-operative ultrasound (US) scans were acquired from 23 patients with low-grade glioma who underwent surgeries at St...
April 9, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390188/prediction-of-normal-bone-anatomy-for-the-planning-of-corrective-osteotomies-of-malunited-forearm-bones-using-a-three-dimensional-statistical-shape-model
#20
Flavien Mauler, Christoph Langguth, Andreas Schweizer, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Tobias Gass, Marcel Lüthi, Philipp Fürnstahl
Corrective osteotomies of the forearm based on 3D computer simulation using contralateral anatomy as a reconstruction template is an approved method. Limitations are existing considerable differences between left and right forearms, and that a healthy contralateral anatomy is required. We evaluated if a computer model, not relying on the contralateral anatomy, may replace the current method by predicting the pre-traumatic healthy shape. A statistical shape model (SSM) was generated from a set of fifty-nine CT scans of healthy forearms, encoding the normal anatomical variations...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
keyword
keyword
115274
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"