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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777859/three-dimensional-model-of-the-female-perineum-and-pelvic-floor-muscles
#1
Géraldine Giraudet, Laurent Patrouix, Christian Fontaine, Xavier Demondion, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the perineum and the pelvic diaphragm of woman is complex. A numerical complete three-dimensional (3D) model of every muscle of the woman pelvis doesn't exist. The pathophysiology of genital prolapse is still debated. Knowledge of anatomy is essential to better understand its mechanisms. The aim of this research was to build a complete three-dimensional model of the female perineum and pelvic floor muscles. STUDY DESIGN: To model the pelvic muscles we reconstructed them in three dimensions from tracing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a female pelvis from a cadaver...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777260/flexor-carpi-radialis-brevis-case-report-of-a-symptomatic-tear
#2
Anthony M Kordahi, Kara L Sarrel, Sameer B Shah, Eric Y Chang
Anatomical variants of muscle are commonly encountered by surgeons and radiologists. The flexor carpi radialis brevis (FCRB) is an anomalous muscle in the distal forearm with an estimated prevalence of 2-8%. In the literature, there are a few case reports of symptomatic FCRB tenosynovitis without a concomitant tear, and treatment methods described include both conservative and surgical management. We present a case of one patient with radial sided wrist pain and a partial FCRB tear, which to our knowledge is the first case report of a symptomatic FCRB tear...
May 18, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774887/association-of-difference-in-coronary-sinus-diameter-by-computed-tomographic-angiography-between-patients-in-and-not-in-stable-atherosclerotic-plaque-s
#3
Yancui Li, Wen Liang, Jianchun Zhang, Ruchen Peng
BACKGROUND Pathological finding fail to describe the morphology of coronary arterial plaques. Retrograde cardiac arteriography is a complicated procedure and does not detect all left posterior and marginal veins of the heart. Magnetic resonance angiography has long scan time and low spatial resolution. The objective of the present study was to assess the possible utility of the difference in coronary sinus diameter to quantify stable atherosclerotic plaque(s) using 256-slice coronary computed tomographic angiography...
May 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774590/heritage-of-stanislaw-ciechanowski-1869-1945-discoverer-of-pathogenesis-of-prostatic-hyperplasia-passionis-insignia-signis-fulgent-mirificis
#4
Andrzej Wincewicz, Piotr Woltanowski, Stanisław Sulkowski
BACKGROUND: Prostatic enlargement was first correctly recognized as a prostatic hyperplasia by professor of anatomic pathology, Stanisław Ciechanowski (1869-1945) in Cracow on contrary to Parisian urologist Jean Casimir Félix Guyon's concepts of progressing atherosclerosis as a morphological cause of prostatic overgrowth and mechanical insufficiency of lower urinary tract. METHODS: Primary resources were analyzed about Stanisław Ciechanowski mainly from depositories of the Section of Special Collection, Stanisław Konopka Main Medical Library Warsaw and Polish bibliograhy of Estreichers at Jagiellonian University...
May 18, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774184/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-value-of-three-dimensional-printing-in-renal-disease
#5
Zhonghua Sun, Dongting Liu
The aim of this systematic review is to analyse current literature related to the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) printed models in renal disease. A literature search of PubMed and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies reporting the clinical application and usefulness of 3D printed models in renal disease. Fifteen studies were found to meet the selection criteria and were included in the analysis. Eight of them provided quantitative assessments with five studies focusing on dimensional accuracy of 3D printed models in replicating renal anatomy and tumour, and on measuring tumour volume between 3D printed models and original source images and surgical specimens, with mean difference less than 10%...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773337/ultrasound-of-the-distal-insertions-of-the-ankle-and-foot-tendons-with-anatomical-correlation-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Michel De Maeseneer, Hardi Madani, Leon Lenchik, Johan De Mey, Steven Provyn, Maryam Shahabpour
The distal insertions of the tendons crossing the ankle as well as the tendons originating in the foot are less well known by radiologists. We review the anatomy and ultrasound appearance of these insertions using our own cadaveric sectioning and dissection. The ultrasound images were correlated with anatomical slices. Occasionally magnetic resonance images were also used for better understanding. Understanding the normal appearance of these tendon insertions is important for diagnosing pathology in this region...
May 15, 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769055/one-visceral-artery-may-be-enough-successful-pancreatectomy-in-a-patient-with-total-occlusion-of-the-celiac-and-superior-mesenteric-arteries
#7
Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang, Stefan Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the celiac trunk and one pancreatico-duodenal arcade between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. Occlusion of one artery are mostly asymptomatic but may become clinically relevant when surgery of the liver, bile duct or the pancreas is required. If these pathologies are not reversible, an oncologic pancreatic head resection cannot be performed...
May 16, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766907/adenocarcinoma-arising-in-a-rectal-duplication-cyst-with-distant-metastasis-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-recent-literature
#8
Odysseas Mouzakis, George Korovesis, Phivos Georgiadis, Mara Piagou, Dimitrios Filippou, Panagiotis Skandalakis
INTRODUCTION: Rectal duplication cysts are rare cystic lesions, arising from the hindgut and classified as congenital/developmental tumors of the presacral space. Their clinical presentation is nonspecific, the diagnosis remains difficult and their management is aided by a multidisciplinary evaluation. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 55-year-old woman with a cystic mass located in the retrorectal space and identified incidentally on a CT scan. Following imaging studies, surgical resection by a posterior approach (Kraske procedure) was carried out and an adenocarcinoma arising in a duplication cyst of the rectum was present an uncommon case of a rectal duplication cyst with malignant transformation and distant metastasis, describe the clinical, radiologic and pathologic findings and discuss tidentified by microscopy...
April 23, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766384/increased-functional-meg-connectivity-as-a-hallmark-of-mri-negative-focal-and-generalized-epilepsy
#9
Yiwen Li Hegner, Justus Marquetand, Adham Elshahabi, Silke Klamer, Holger Lerche, Christoph Braun, Niels K Focke
Epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases with a high morbidity. Accumulating evidence has shown that epilepsy is an archetypical neural network disorder. Here we developed a non-invasive cortical functional connectivity analysis based on magnetoencephalography (MEG) to assess commonalities and differences in the network phenotype in different epilepsy syndromes (non-lesional/cryptogenic focal and idiopathic/genetic generalized epilepsy). Thirty-seven epilepsy patients with normal structural brain anatomy underwent a 30-min resting state MEG measurement with eyes closed...
May 15, 2018: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#10
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757721/spectrum-of-extratesticular-and-testicular-pathologic-conditions-at-scrotal-mr-imaging
#11
Pardeep K Mittal, Ahmed S Abdalla, Argha Chatterjee, Deborah A Baumgarten, Peter A Harri, Jay Patel, Courtney C Moreno, Helena Gabriel, Frank H Miller
Diagnostic workup of scrotal lesions should begin with a complete clinical history and physical examination, including analysis of risk factors such as family history of testicular cancer, personal history of tumor in the contralateral testis, and cryptorchidism, followed by imaging. Scrotal ultrasonography (US) with a combination of gray-scale and color Doppler techniques has been the first-line imaging modality for evaluation of testicular and extratesticular lesions because of its low cost, wide availability, and high diagnostic accuracy...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756727/-laryngeal-papillomatosis-a-rare-cause-of-dysphonia-in-the-child-case-series
#12
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis is an uncommon disease caused by human papilloma virus, mainly types 6 and 11. It is the most common benign laryngeal tumor in children. This condition should be suspected in any children with persistent and progressive dysphonia with or without stridor and respiratory distress. Flexible laryngoscopy under local anesthesia allows to visualize the typical wart-like lesions. The diagnosis is confirmed by pathological anatomy. Existing treatment is palliative and consists mainly of the surgical excision of the papillomas to maintain the airway without obstruction and to improve the quality of the voice, but it has a high rate of relapse...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754017/reparaci%C3%A3-n-endovascular-para-aneurisma-de-aorta-revisi%C3%A3-n-panor%C3%A3-mica-sobre-su-evidencia-en-el-mundo-y-su-aplicaci%C3%A3-n-en-latinoam%C3%A3-rica
#13
María Calderón, Viviana Brito, Andrea Alcaraz, Lucila Rey-Ares, Federico Augustovski, Sebastián García-Martí, Ariel Bardach, Agustín Ciapponi, Analía López, Andrés Pichón-Riviere
BACKGROUND: Aortic aneurysm (AA) is a pathology with high morbidity and mortality. The management can be expectant, surgical, or through endovascular repair (EVAR). In Latin America the incidence of AA has increased and the analysis of therapeutic options, especially if they are expensive, is fundamental. OBJECTIVE: To analyze available evidence on the effectiveness, safety and coverage policies of the EVAR. METHODOLOGY: Panoramic review in the main bibliographical bases (MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, DARE) and generic internet searchers, main health technology assessment (HTA) agencies and health insurance companies...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752638/avoiding-complications-with-mpfl-reconstruction
#14
REVIEW
Marvin K Smith, Brian C Werner, David R Diduch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the potentially significant complications associated with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. Additionally, to review the most current and relevant literature with an emphasis on avoiding these potential complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple cadaveric studies have characterized the anatomy of the MPFL and the related morphologic abnormalities that contribute to recurrent lateral patellar instability. Such abnormalities include patella alta, excessive tibial tubercle to trochlear grove (TT-TG) distance, trochlear dysplasia, and malalignment...
May 12, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747559/multidetector-row-ct-imaging-evaluation-of-superior-and-inferior-vena-cava-normal-anatomy-and-caval-variants-report-of-our-cases-and-literature-review-with-embryologic-correlation
#15
Roberto Iezzi, Alessandro Posa, Francesca Carchesio, Riccardo Manfredi
Objective To assess the potential of multidetector-row computed tomography imaging and its reformations in the evaluation of the superior and inferior vena cava normal anatomy and their anatomical variants, and to make a brief review of caval embryogenesis and developmental errors. Methods We retrospectively reviewed a total of 1000 whole-body computed tomography scans performed between January 2010 and December 2016 to assess the normal superior and inferior vena cava anatomy and their variants. Results The normal superior and inferior vena cava anatomy was found in 88...
January 1, 2018: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743884/exploring-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-and-delirium-in-noncardiac-surgery-using-mri-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Chenxi Huang, Johan Mårtensson, Ismail Gögenur, Mohammad Sohail Asghar
Surgical patients are at high risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and postoperative delirium (POD). POCD and POD are associated with increased morbidity and mortality and worsening functional outcomes leading to severe socioeconomic consequences for the patient and the society in general. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a unique opportunity to study the anatomy and function of the brain. MRI thus plays an important role in elucidating the neuronal component of POCD and POD...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728862/the-medial-patellofemoral-complex
#17
REVIEW
Alexander E Loeb, Miho J Tanaka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the current understanding of the medial patellofemoral complex, including recent anatomic advances, evaluation of indications for reconstruction with concomitant pathology, and surgical reconstruction techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances in our understanding of MPFC anatomy have found that there are fibers that insert onto the deep quadriceps tendon as well as the patella, thus earning the name "medial patellofemoral complex" to allow for the variability in its anatomy...
May 4, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726777/surgical-outcomes-after-reoperation-for-recurrent-skull-base-meningiomas
#18
Stephen T Magill, David S Lee, Adam J Yen, Calixto-Hope G Lucas, David R Raleigh, Manish K Aghi, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Michael W McDermott
OBJECTIVE Skull base meningiomas are surgically challenging tumors due to the intricate skull base anatomy and the proximity of cranial nerves and critical cerebral vasculature. Many studies have reported outcomes after primary resection of skull base meningiomas; however, little is known about outcomes after reoperation for recurrent skull base meningiomas. Since reoperation is one treatment option for patients with recurrent meningioma, the authors sought to define the risk profile for reoperation of skull base meningiomas...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#19
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723637/multidimensional-co-segmentation-of-longitudinal-brain-mri-ensembles-in-the-presence-of-a-neurodegenerative-process
#20
Shiri Gordon, Irit Dolgopyat, Itamar Kahn, Tammy Riklin Raviv
MRI Segmentation of a pathological brain poses a significant challenge, as the available anatomical priors that provide top-down information to aid segmentation are inadequate in the presence of abnormalities. This problem is further complicated for longitudinal data capturing impaired brain development or neurodegenerative conditions, since the dynamic of brain atrophies has to be considered as well. For these cases, the absence of compatible annotated training examples renders the commonly used multi-atlas or machine-learning approaches impractical...
April 30, 2018: NeuroImage
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