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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325524/posterior-decompression-and-occipitocervical-fixation-followed-by-intraoperative-vertebroplasty-for-metastatic-involvement-of-the-axis
#1
Xinjie Wu, Mingsheng Tan, Yingna Qi, Ping Yi, Feng Yang, Xiangsheng Tang, Qingying Hao
BACKGROUND: Metastases to the upper cervical spine were rarely reported in the literature. However, metastases to this area may cause spinal instability and cord compression, which in turn can result in respiratory failure and neurological dysfunction. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of posterior decompression and occipitocervical fixation followed by intraoperative vertebroplasty for this disease. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that included 10 patients with metastatic involvement of the axis from March 2002 to May 2014...
January 11, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323806/spine-and-spinal-cord-injuries-after-falls-from-tree-stands-during-the-wisconsin-deer-hunting-season
#2
Kimberly Hamilton, Brandon Rocque, Nathaniel Brooks
BACKGROUND: Deer hunting is popular in much of the United States. In Wisconsin, use of tree stands for hunting is common. Spine surgeons at a Level 1 Trauma Center observed a high incidence of spine and spinal cord injury due to falls from tree stands while hunting. This study's purpose is to systematically characterize and classify those injuries. METHODS: We reviewed the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics' trauma database for tree stand-related injuries from 1999 to 2013...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#3
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284868/comparison-of-three-different-concentrations-0-2-0-5-and-0-75-epidural-ropivacaine-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgery
#4
Amitesh Pathak, Neeraj Yadav, Sati Nath Mohanty, Ekta Ratnani, Om Prakash Sanjeev
Introduction: Ropivacaine has been studied previously and holds promise as an agent that offers a safe, efficacious, and better recovery profile than other conventional agents such as bupivacaine. The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of equal volume of different concentration of ropivacaine for epidural analgesia in patients undergoing major lower limb orthopedic surgery. Subjects and Methods: One hundred and fifty adult patients were randomized into three groups to receive single dose of equal volume of ropivacaine through epidural route in concentrations of 0...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250294/use-of-barbed-suture-for-wound-closure-in-electrophysiology-device-procedures
#5
Alexander Khodak, Adam S Budzikowski
BACKGROUND: Barbed suture use in surgical fields such as gynecology and orthopedic surgery has been associated with faster wound closure, improved cosmesis, increased cost-effectiveness and potentially decreased rates of infection. However, the use of barbed suture in electrophysiology device procedures has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to (1) investigate the safety and effectiveness of barbed suture in wound closure in patients after EP implantable cardioverter defibrillators and loop recorders (CIED) procedures, (2) to determine whether these sutures have an advantage in device implant procedures by improving incision integrity, (3) and to find out whether these sutures would potentially lead to lower rates of infections compared to non-barbed sutures...
April 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210159/safety-of-mtor-inhibitor-continuation-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients-undergoing-surgical-procedures
#6
Ann Heble, Melanie D Everitt, Jane Gralla, Shelley D Miyamoto, Michael Lahart, Jennifer Eshelman
mTOR inhibitors have been associated with SWC when used in the perioperative period. Limited literature is available to guide providers in managing chronic mTOR inhibitor use in the perioperative period, especially in the pediatric setting. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of SWC with mTOR inhibitor continuation during the perioperative period for major surgeries. Heart transplant recipients ≤25 years old at the time of primary heart transplant receiving sirolimus maintenance therapy during a surgical procedure and within the study period were included...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156068/lmwf-5a-for-the-treatment-of-severe-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-integrated-analysis-of-safety-and-efficacy
#7
Brian Cole, Brian McGrath, Kristin Salottolo, David Bar-Or
The low-molecular-weight fraction of 5% human serum albumin (LMWF-5A) is being developed to treat the signs and symptoms of severe osteoarthritis of the knee. This study was a post hoc pooled analysis of 3 randomized placebo-controlled trials of a single intra-articular injection of LMWF-5A, focusing on the subset of patients with severe osteoarthritis of the knee (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 4). Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive a single 4-mL intra-articular knee injection of either LMWF-5A or saline. Safety was assessed as the incidence and severity of adverse events...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145984/outpatient-pediatric-orthopedic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Daniel J Miller, Susan E Nelson, Apurva S Shah, Theodore J Ganley, John Jack M Flynn
Outpatient surgery refers to a surgical procedure that is performed without an overnight stay in a hospital. Outpatient surgery is associated with decreased individual and societal costs while achieving equivalent health outcomes and excellent patient satisfaction. Successful outpatient pediatric surgery is predicated on appropriate patient selection, adequate pain control, thorough preoperative education, and close clinical follow-up. Continuous research in quality, value, and patient safety are needed to ensure that this practice continues in as safe and efficient a manner as possible...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144253/pediatric-orthopedic-hoverboard-injuries-a-prospectively-enrolled-cohort
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew D Sobel, Daniel B Reid, Travis D Blood, Alan H Daniels, Aristides I Cruz
Hoverboards pose a significant risk of musculoskeletal injury to pediatric riders. A prospectively enrolled cohort yielded 9 pediatric patients injured while riding hoverboards in 2016. Eight of the injuries involved the upper extremity, and one involved the lower extremity. No riders wore any safety equipment and injury patterns modeled those seen in skateboard riders.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135529/acute-coronary-artery-thrombus-after-tranexamic-acid-during-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-coronary-stents-a-case-report
#10
Kathryn H Bridges, Sylvia H Wilson
Tranexamic Acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic, is routinely used to decrease transfusion rates in total joint replacement surgery. While recent publications have indicated a low risk of TXA-associated thromboembolic events in this orthopedic population, few studies specifically address the safety of TXA administration in high-risk patients. We present a case of acute coronary thrombus requiring emergent intervention in a patient with indwelling coronary stents who underwent shoulder arthroplasty with TXA administration...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131737/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#11
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126259/an-open-label-study-of-sufentanil-sublingual-tablet-30%C3%A2-mcg-in-patients-with-postoperative-pain
#12
Jacob L Hutchins, David A Leiman, Harold S Minkowitz, Maurice Jove, Karen P DiDonato, Pamela P Palmer
Objective: To evaluate sufentanil sublingual tablet 30 mcg (SST 30 mcg) for postoperative pain in an older patient population with comorbidities. Design: Multicenter, open-label, single-arm study. Setting: Nine hospitals across the United States. Subjects: Adults aged ≥40 years who had undergone a surgical procedure. Methods: Patients with a postoperative pain intensity score ≥4 on an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) were allowed to enter the study and receive SST 30 mcg as requested for pain (minimum 60-minute redosing interval) over the 12-hour study period...
November 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112028/implementation-of-an-electronic-checklist-to-improve-patient-handover-from-ward-to-operating-room
#13
Kristine H Münter, Thea P Møller, Doris Østergaard, Lone Fuhrmann
OBJECTIVE: Research has identified numerous safety risks in perioperative patient handover. In handover from ward to operating room (OR), patients are often transferred by a third person. This adds to the risk of loss of important information and of caregivers in the OR not identifying possible risk factors. The aim of this study was to describe the implementation process and completion rate of a new preoperative, ward-to-OR checklist. Our goal was a 90% fulfillment. METHOD: This study is a prospective, observational study in a Danish University Hospital including all patients undergoing surgery in 2013...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095073/surgical-management-of-haemophilic-pseudotumors-experience-in-a-developing-country
#14
Yu He, Xi Zhou, Haomin Cui, Guixing Qiu, Xisheng Weng, Baozhong Zhang, Yong Liu
AIM: Hemophilic pseudotumors result from repeated episodes of bleeding into bone, subperiosteum, and soft tissue. Since clotting factors became available, uncontrolled perioperative bleeding is a less significant problem for surgeons in developed countries. However, they are more difficult to come by in China. Additionally, patients often have to undergo surgery for giant masses and suffer complications. We wanted to present our experience in the surgical management of hemophilic pseudotumors over a 40-year period...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081669/a-comparative-study-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-flupirtine-versus-piroxicam-in-postoperative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-surgery
#15
Sowmya Chinnaiyan, Narayana Sarala, Heddur Shanthappa Arun
BACKGROUND: Effective control of pain postoperatively is essential in providing enhanced patient care and a cost-effective hospital stay. Though many treatment modalities exist for postoperative pain management in orthopedic surgeries they are often accompanied by adverse effects. This study was carried out to assess the efficacy of flupirtine and piroxicam in postoperative pain reduction using visual analog scale (VAS) score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open-label, parallel group, comparative study was conducted on patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery, randomized into two groups of 38 patients each...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038672/safety-analysis-of-autologous-stem-cell-therapy-in-a-variety-of-degenerative-diseases-and-injuries-using-the-stromal-vascular-fraction
#16
Kristin Comella, Michelle Parlo, Rosemary Daly, Vincent Depasquale, Eric Edgerton, Patrick Mallory, Roy Schmidt, Walter P Drake
BACKGROUND: Stem cells from adipose tissue offer a novel therapy for patients with damaged tissue. Stromal vascular fraction (SVF) injected into patients may reduce inflammation, promote healing, and repair damaged/scarred tissue. SVF can be isolated from fat (adipose) tissue in an outpatient procedure. The SVF population includes mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), pericytes, endothelial/progenitor cells, fibroblasts and growth factors where the adipocyte (fat cell) population has been removed...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024404/removal-of-sacral-nerve-stimulation-devices-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-what-happens-next
#17
Jessica C Lloyd, Bradley C Gill, Javier Pizarro-Berdichevsky, Howard B Goldman
INTRODUCTION: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) devices (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) are not approved to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of sites other than the head. When MRIs are required, devices are often removed prior to imaging. We reviewed the prevalence of device removal for MRI at a large academic institution and the subsequent clinical course of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of all SNM explants from 2009-2015 was performed. Cases explanted for MRI were analyzed to collect demographics, clinical characteristics, and postremoval management...
October 11, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980441/endoscopic-surgery-in-japan-the-12th-national-survey-2012-2013-by-the-japan-society-for-endoscopic-surgery
#18
Toshio Bandoh, Norio Shiraishi, Yuichi Yamashita, Toshiro Terachi, Makoto Hashizume, Shigeo Akira, Toshiaki Morikawa, Yuko Kitagawa, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Shunsuke Endo, Kiyoshi Onishi, Shuji Takiguchi, Yasuhiro Tamaki, Toru Hasegawa, Hiromitsu Mimata, Minoru Tabata, Ryohei Yozu, Masafumi Inomata, Sumio Matsumoto, Seigo Kitano, Masahiko Watanabe
In Japan, the first endoscopic surgery, a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, was performed in 1990. Since then, operative procedures have been standardized, and the safety and usefulness of endoscopic surgery have been evaluated. With the acceptance of endoscopic surgery as less invasive than open surgery, the number of the endoscopic procedures continues to increase in all surgical domains. The Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery (JSES) has had an important role in the development of endoscopic surgery in Japan...
November 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958177/use-of-minimally-invasive-spine-surgical-instruments-for-the-treatment-of-bone-tumors
#19
Russell A Reeves, Matthew C DeWolf, Peter J Shaughnessy, James B Ames, Eric R Henderson
Orthopedic oncologists often encounter patients with minor bony lesions that are difficult to access surgically and therefore require large exposures out of proportion to the severity of disease that confer significant patient morbidity. Minimally invasive surgical techniques offer the advantage of smaller incisions, shorter operative times, decreased tissue damage, and decreased costs. A variety of surgical procedures have emerged using minimally invasive technologies, particularly in the field of spine surgery...
October 4, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937469/outcome-of-a-resident-spine-surgical-skills-training-program
#20
Brian P Calio, Christopher K Kepler, John D Koerner, Jeffrey A Rihn, Paul Millhouse, Kris E Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver training lab. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a technical cadaver skills training lab for spinal surgery increases resident confidence, satisfaction in training, and perception of operating room safety. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Resident training is an important topic in the setting of work hour reform. The use of supplemental materials such as videos, sawbones, and simulators may become important to adequately train orthopedic residents...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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