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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916916/investigating-baseline-red-meat-slaughter-operator-capacity-and-directions-for-development-in-lao-pdr
#1
Joanne C Thomas, James R Young, Kathrin Schemann, Phaivanh Chankhamthong, Syseng Khounsy, Sonevilay Nampanya, Peter A Windsor, Russell D Bush
A study of operator knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in red meat slaughter premise operations in northern Laos was conducted and compared with international best practice, to inform future industry development. The survey interviewed 68 (of 94 possible participants) employees from all ten commercial slaughter premises in six districts in three northern Laos provinces. This was supported by observations of slaughter premises, processes and the conduct of personnel. Descriptive analysis and linear regression modelling identified significant KAP predictor factors, and a gap analysis supported or rejected inferences from the generally low KAP scores for human and animal health, animal welfare, good manufacturing practices (GMP), work conditions and economics...
September 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916290/conceptualizing-a-dynamic-fall-risk-model-including-intrinsic-risks-and-exposures
#2
Jochen Klenk, Clemens Becker, Pierpaolo Palumbo, Lars Schwickert, Kilan Rapp, Jorunn L Helbostad, Chris Todd, Stephen R Lord, Ngaire Kerse
Falls are a major cause of injury and disability in older people, leading to serious health and social consequences including fractures, poor quality of life, loss of independence, and institutionalization. To design and provide adequate prevention measures, accurate understanding and identification of person's individual fall risk is important. However, to date, the performance of fall risk models is weak compared with models estimating, for example, cardiovascular risk. This deficiency may result from 2 factors...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915808/fall-prevention-is-the-stratify-tool-the-right-instrument-in-italian-hospital-inpatient-a-retrospective-observational-study
#3
Greta Castellini, Antonia Demarchi, Monica Lanzoni, Silvana Castaldi
BACKGROUND: Although several risk assessment tools are in use, uncertainties on their accuracy in detecting fall risk already exist. Choosing the most accurate tool for hospital inpatient is still a challenge for the organizations. We aimed to retrospectively assess the appropriateness of a fall risk prevention program with the STRATIFY assessment tool in detecting acute-care inpatient fall risk. METHODS: Number of falls and near falls, occurred from January 2014 to March 2015, was collected through the incident reporting web-system implemented in the hospital's intranet...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912392/-refracture-prevention-and-rehabilitation
#4
Hiroaki Fujita
Osteoporosis Liaison Service(OLS)is not only the fracture prevention of the onset, and the refracture prevention holds important positioning. For OLS activity in the hospitals of the fracture risk by FRAX grasp it, and it is important to evaluate the fall risk. What an interval, a motor function including the lower limbs muscular strength evaluate in a fall risk evaluation and TUG and walking speed temporarily for a fall risk evaluation for, the eye opening single leg right time to leave is desirable. It is a problem that an evaluation and treatment for osteoporosis are insufficient by recent DPC induction...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910889/-clinical-features-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-in-265-cases
#5
M Chen, Y Jiang, J F Wen, N Li, J Qiu, N K Zhang, J B Ju
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and the pathogenetic law of traumatic optic neuropathy through epidemiologic study. Methods: 265 cases (275 eyes) with TON treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 1999 to August 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate potential prognostic factors on visual acuity. Results: TON occured mostly in young (194/265, 73.21%) man (235/265, 88...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903796/measurement-of-fall-prevention-awareness-and-behaviours-among-older-adults-at-home
#6
Katherine Russell, Darcie Taing, Jacqueline Roy
This study surveyed awareness of, and adherence to, six national fall prevention recommendations among community-dwelling older adults (n = 1050) in Ottawa. Although 76 per cent of respondents agreed falling is a concern and preventable, fewer perceived susceptibility to falling (63%). Respondents had high awareness that home modifications and physical activity can prevent falls. Reported modifications included grab bars (50%), night lights (44%), and raised toilet seats (19%). Half met aerobic activity recommendations; 38 per cent met strength recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903613/a-survey-to-explore-what-information-advice-and-support-community-dwelling-people-with-stroke-currently-receive-to-manage-instability-and-falls
#7
Eleanor Shovlin, Dorit Kunkel
PURPOSE: To describe and determine the benefits of the information and support services currently offered to people with stroke experiencing instability and falls. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study. Two hundred and fifty-six surveys were sent out to community stroke groups in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, as well as to people with stroke on a patient register. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five surveys were returned. A total of 107 participants (86%) reported instability and 62 (50%) had experienced a fall in the preceding year; 29 (28%) had reportedly received information on falls prevention...
September 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903533/joint-symposium-of-korean-cancer-association-uicc-aro-cross-boundary-cancer-studies-cancer-and-universal-health-coverage-uhc-in-asia
#8
Eun-Cheol Park, Norie Kawahara, Shinjiro Nozaki, Hasbullah Thabrany, Shunya Yoshimi, Sohee Park, Duk Hyoung Lee, Hideyuki Akaza, Jae Kyung Roh
On 16 June 2016, the Korean Cancer Association (KCA) and Union for International Cancer Control-Asia Regional Office (UICC-ARO) organized a joint symposium as part of the official program of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Korean Cancer Association to discuss the topic 'Cross-boundary Cancer Studies: Cancer and Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Asia.' Universal Health Coverage is included in the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
September 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900848/feasibility-of-assessing-falls-risk-and-promoting-falls-prevention-in-beauty-salons
#9
Gabriela Arandia, Jennifer L Hargrove, Tiffany E Shubert, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Laura A Linnan
Falls are a major public health risk and a leading cause of emergency room visits for people of all ages. Finding ways to increase access to information and evidence-based falls prevention strategies is critically important across the lifespan. We tested the feasibility of conducting a falls risk assessment and awareness program among customers who attend beauty salons. We enrolled 78 customers from 2 beauty salons who completed a written questionnaire as well as several biometric and functional balance tests designed to assess falls risk...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#10
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893202/preliminary-evaluation-of-prototype-footwear-and-insoles-to-optimise-balance-and-gait-in-older-people
#11
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Shannon E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: Footwear has the potential to influence balance in either a detrimental or beneficial manner, and is therefore an important consideration in relation to falls prevention. The objective of this study was to evaluate balance ability and gait patterns in older women while wearing prototype footwear and insoles designed to improve balance. METHODS: Older women (n = 30) aged 65 - 83 years (mean 74.4, SD 5.6) performed a series of laboratory tests of balance ability (postural sway on a foam rubber mat, limits of stability and tandem walking, measured with the Neurocom® Balance Master) and gait patterns (walking speed, cadence, step length and step width at preferred speed, measured with the GAITRite® walkway) while wearing (i) flexible footwear (Dunlop Volley™), (ii) their own footwear, and (iii) prototype footwear and insoles designed to improve dynamic balance...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893178/evaluation-design-of-urban-health-centres-europe-uhce-preventive-integrated-health-and-social-care-for-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-five-european-cities
#12
Carmen B Franse, Antonius J J Voorham, Rob van Staveren, Elin Koppelaar, Rens Martijn, Elisa Valía-Cotanda, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Tasos Rentoumis, Lovorka Bilajac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Tomislav Rukavina, Arpana Verma, Greg Williams, Gary Clough, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Francesco Mattace Raso, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused organisations can contribute to the promotion of independent living and quality of life. In the Urban Health Centres Europe (UHCE) project, five European cities (Greater Manchester, United Kingdom; Pallini (in Greater Athens Area), Greece; Rijeka, Croatia; Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and Valencia, Spain) develop and implement a care template that integrates health and social care and includes a preventive approach...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890619/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-to-the-permanent-anterior-teeth-among-9-to-14-year-old-schoolchildren-of-navi-mumbai-kharghar-belapur-region-india
#13
Rahul Hegde, Geet Agrawal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of anterior teeth trauma in 9- to 14-year-old schoolchildren and their association with predisposing factors, such as lip competence, molar relationship, overjet, and variables, such as age, gender, and cause of trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among 3,012 schoolchildren aged 9 to 14 years in Navi Mumbai (Kharghar-Belapur region). The sample size was derived using the stratified random sampling method; we picked six schools from the region...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888908/quick-foot-placement-adjustments-during-gait-are-less-accurate-in-individuals-with-focal-cerebellar-lesions
#14
Wouter Hoogkamer, Zrinka Potocanac, Frank Van Calenbergh, Jacques Duysens
Online gait corrections are frequently used to restore gait stability and prevent falling. They require shorter response times than voluntary movements which suggests that subcortical pathways contribute to the execution of online gait corrections. To evaluate the potential role of the cerebellum in these pathways we tested the hypotheses that online gait corrections would be less accurate in individuals with focal cerebellar damage than in neurologically intact controls and that this difference would be more pronounced for shorter available response times and for short step gait corrections...
September 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888616/physical-functioning-and-risk-for-sleep-disorders-in-us-adults-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2014
#15
S Puri, J E Herrick, J P Collins, M Aldhahi, B Baattaiah
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disorders (SDs), particularly problems with falling asleep or daytime sleepiness, have negative impact on health and longevity. Sleep deprivation is also associated with a decline in physical functioning (PF) that mediates the ability to perform activities of daily living. But it remains unknown if deterioration in PF can predict the risk of having a SD. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to assess the risk of SD associated with PF status in the US adult population...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884457/-the-development-of-clinical-practice-algorithms-for-the-appropriate-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-older-persons-with-high-risk-of-falls
#16
A Geeraerts, T Dilles, V Foulon, H Habraken, M Petrovic, G Strauven, J Tournoy, O Vandeput, A Wertelaers, E Vlaeyen, K Milisen
Psychotropic drugs (hypno-sedatives, antidepressants and antipsychotics) are commonly used in the older population. On the long term, psychotropic drug use in older persons is associated with several negative functional outcomes such as an increased risk of falls. Gradual withdrawal of psychotropic drugs in older persons is feasible and leads to a significant reduction of falls. Both withdrawal of psychotropic drugs as well as the initiation of appropriate treatment with psychotropic drugs requires knowledge, consultation and cooperation between disciplines and a mentality change among healthcare professionals...
September 7, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883717/assessing-balance-through-the-use-of-a-low-cost-head-mounted-display-in-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#17
Santiago J Saldana, Anthony P Marsh, W Jack Rejeski, Jack K Haberl, Peggy Wu, Scott Rosenthal, Edward H Ip
INTRODUCTION: As the population ages, the prevention of falls is an increasingly important public health problem. Balance assessment forms an important component of fall-prevention programs for older adults. The recent development of cost-effective and highly responsive virtual reality (VR) systems means new methods of balance assessment are feasible in a clinical setting. This proof-of-concept study made use of the submillimeter tracking built into modern VR head-mounted displays (VRHMDs) to assess balance through the use of visual-vestibular conflict...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882913/hospital-volume-and-mortality-for-25-types-of-inpatient-treatment-in-german-hospitals-observational-study-using-complete-national-data-from-2009-to-2014
#18
Ulrike Nimptsch, Thomas Mansky
OBJECTIVES: To explore the existence and strength of a relationship between hospital volume and mortality, to estimate minimum volume thresholds and to assess the potential benefit of centralisation of services. DESIGN: Observational population-based study using complete German hospital discharge data (Diagnosis-Related Group Statistics (DRG Statistics)). SETTING: All acute care hospitals in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients hospitalised for 1 out of 25 common or medically important types of inpatient treatment from 2009 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882270/pedestrian-falls-a-review-of-the-literature-and-future-research-directions
#19
Paul Schepers, Berry den Brinker, Rob Methorst, Marco Helbich
INTRODUCTION: Pedestrian falls (PFs) - falls in public spaces without collisions with other road users - are a significant cause of serious transport-related injuries, amounting to three-quarters of all pedestrians admitted to hospital. METHODS: This scoping review examined peer-reviewed research on PFs published between 1995 and 2015. Electronic databases (Scopus, SafetyLit, and PubMed) were used to find studies identifying PFs or outdoor falls (the latter also including falls in gardens)...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878434/incidence-and-characteristics-of-accidental-falls-in-hospitalizations
#20
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Shiro Imagama, Yuko Inagaki, Yusuke Suzuki, Kei Ando, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yoshimasa Nagao, Naoki Ishiguro
Aging of the patient population has led to increased occurrence of accidental falls in acute care settings. The aim of this study is to survey the annual occurrence of falls in a university hospital, and to examine procedures to prevent fall. A total of 49,059 inpatients were admitted to our hospital from April 2015 to March 2016. A fall assessment scale was developed to estimate the risk of fall at admission. Data on falls were obtained from the hospital incident reporting system. There were fall-related incidents in 826 patients (1...
August 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
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