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Nutrition orthopedic patients

Pooja Dave, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Ajay Phatak, Rajendra Desai, Shirish Srivastava
Background. Malnutrition in children has serious health and economic consequences. We studied documentation of malnutrition, actual prevalence, and treatment given in children admitted to surgical wards. Methods. Retrospective study of 154 patients aged <5 yrs admitted to general surgical, orthopedic, and otorhinolaryngology wards. Records were evaluated for completeness of data, way of documentation, and data quality. Descriptive analysis was done. If malnutrition was not identified and/or proper action was not taken, it was defined as a "missed opportunity...
2016: Scientifica
Nannan Wang, Yalin Dong, Ting Huo, Yanqing Shao, Wenhua Xing, Shuwen Li
The evolution of nutritional status (the prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition, overweight and obesity) and the nutritional support of the hospitalized patients from admission to discharge or over a two-week period in orthopedics/ spinal surgery of a teaching hospital in Hohhot were investigated. 432 patients from two wards of the orthopedics/spinal surgery from Jan to Dec 2013, the traditional spinal surgery and the minimally invasive spinal surgery, were selected and detected in this study. The Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS 2002) was used to determine the patients' nutritional status within 48 h after admission and during their hospitalization...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Afshin A Anoushiravani, Zain Sayeed, Monique C Chambers, Theodore J Gilbert, Steven L Scaife, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, Khaled J Saleh
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status is a preventable condition frequently associated with low body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study is to comparatively analyze low (≤19 kg/m(2)) and normal (19-24.9 kg/m(2)) BMI cohorts, examining if a correlation between BMI, postoperative outcomes, and resource utilization exists. METHODS: Discharge data from the 2006-2012 National Inpatient Sample were used for this study. A total of 3550 total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 1315 total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patient samples were divided into 2 cohorts, underweight (≤19 kg/m(2)) and normal BMI (19-24...
July 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Elena Puin Costescu, Aliona Dronic, Loana Dana Alexa, O Alexa
Frailty fractures encompass pelvic ring fractures in the elderly--a condition more frequently encountered in women, usually with pre-existing osteoporosis. The incidence of these fractures is increasing, following the increase in average life expectancy. Most of the times, they are the result of a minor injury, of which the patient has little or no recollection; the clinical signs and symptoms, radiological changes and the degree of fracture stability vary greatly. As such, there is a wide range of therapeutic options and one of the most important decisions for the physician is choosing between surgery and conservative treatment...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Osman Ekinci, Serhat Yanık, Berna Terzioğlu Bebitoğlu, Elvan Yılmaz Akyüz, Ayfer Dokuyucu, Şevki Erdem
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support in orthopedic patients with malnutrition shortens the immobilization period. The efficacy of calcium β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (CaHMB), vitamin D, and protein intake on bone structure is studied and well known; however, there is no evidence supporting the effect of combined use in orthopedic conditions. We investigated the effects of CaHMB, vitamin D, and protein supplementation on wound healing, immobilization period, muscle strength, and laboratory parameters...
March 10, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Steven L Bokshan, J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels
Sarcopenia is a loss of skeletal muscle mass in the elderly that is an independent risk factor for falls, disability, postoperative complications, and mortality. Although its cause is not completely understood, sarcopenia generally results from a complex bone-muscle interaction in the setting of chronic disease and aging. Sarcopenia cannot be diagnosed by muscle mass alone. Diagnosis requires 2 of the following 3 criteria: low skeletal muscle mass, inadequate muscle strength, and inadequate physical performance...
March 2016: Orthopedics
S I Kirilina, V S Sirota, S A Pervukhin, V M Prokhorenko, V V Pavlov, V S Baitov
The study of anamnestic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, morphological parallels of senile patients in knee and hip joints prosthesis shows the presence of intestinal failure while perioperative period. A direct connection between a natural intestinal and immune dysfunction and nutritional deficiency was diagnosed. The use of nutritional-metabolic correction of comorbid pathology and determination of basal metabolism in the perioperative period enabled to normalize indicators of homeostasis, microflora of the colon, indicators of immune status, and get a reduction in the number of early postoperative complications...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
Randa Alfargieny, Zuhir Bodalal, Riyad Bendardaf, Mustafa El-Fadli, Salem Langhi
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is considered one of the most serious complications in total joint arthroplasty (TJA). This study seeks to analyze the predictive value of preoperative and postoperative nutritional biomarkers for SSI in elective TJA. METHODOLOGY: Nutritional markers were gathered retrospectively utilizing patient's records from the orthopedics department at Benghazi Medical Center (BMC). The sample spanned cases admitted during the 20-month period between January 2012 and August 2013 and had undergone either elective total hip replacement or total knee replacement...
October 2015: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Ning Ning, Juan Lü, Lingxiao He, Yaqin Wang, Dengbin Liao, Jiali Chen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factors of acute wound infection in orthopedic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 576 orthopedic patients in accordance with the inclusion criteria between July and October 2012. There were 345 males and 231 females, aged 18-95 years (mean, 44 years). Single factor analysis was used for related factors, and logistic regression analysis of multi-factors for risk factors of acute wound infection...
June 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Che-Sheng Chu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Yu-Te Lin, Chien-Jen Hsu, Po-Han Chou, Chin-Liang Chu
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a major cause for concern among elderly patients undergoing surgery, often resulting in poor outcome. It is therefore important to predict and prevent POD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) as a predictor of POD after orthopedic surgery. METHODS: Elderly patients undergoing orthopedic surgery between April 2011 and March 2013 were included in the study (n=544; mean age, 74...
January 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
Mary H Wertz, Mustafa Sahin
Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal-recessive pediatric neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of spinal motor neurons. It is caused by mutation in the gene survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1), leading to loss of function of the full-length SMN protein. SMN has a number of functions in neurons, including RNA splicing and snRNP biogenesis in the nucleus, and RNA trafficking in neurites. The expression level of full-length SMN protein from the SMN2 locus modifies disease severity. Increasing full-length SMN protein by a small amount can lead to significant improvements in the neurological phenotype...
February 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Nebojša Antonijević, Vladimir Kanjuh, Ivana Živković, Ljubica Jovanović, Miodrag Vukčević, Milan Apostolović
The data that episodes and sequels of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are recorded in a significant percentage of patients receiving standard anticoagulants as VTE prophylaxis (unfractionated, low-molecular-weight heparin and vitamin K inhibitors) as well as the fact that these drugs have significant limitations and that they may cause serious side-effects in some patients indicate the need for the introduction of new anticoagulant drugs. Fondaparinux, a selective inhibitor of Factor Xa, administered following major orthopedic surgeries having a high risk for the development of VTE, is more efficient than enoxaparin sodium used in European and North-American approved doses...
March 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Alicia Calleja Fernández, Alfonso Vidal Casariego, Isidoro Cano Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros Pomar
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of malnutrition in hospitals and its impact make the use of a nutritional screening tool necessary for its detection, diagnosis and early treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the most appropriate tool for nutritional screening, globally and by hospital wards, in a tertiary hospital. METHODOLOGY: cross-sectional study in routine clinical practice. Four nutritional screening tools were evaluated: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002)...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Sabine Goisser, Eva Schrader, Katrin Singler, Thomas Bertsch, Olaf Gefeller, Roland Biber, Hermann Josef Bail, Cornel C Sieber, Dorothee Volkert
OBJECTIVES: Hip fractures (HFs) in old age frequently cause severe functional impairment and deteriorating autonomy in everyday life. Many older patients with HFs are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. In this study, we examined the relationship between nutritional status of geriatric patients before HF and their functional and clinical course up to 6 months after hospital discharge. DESIGN: Observational study with follow-up after 6 months. SETTING: Four wards of the department of trauma and orthopedic surgery of a large urban maximum care hospital (Klinikum Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany)...
August 1, 2015: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Enid E Martinez, Katelyn Ariagno, Aldis Arriola, Kattina Lara, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in critically ill children. The optimal approach to nutrition therapy in this vulnerable cohort is unclear. METHODS: We report the nutrition management of 2 obese patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). We focus on their nutrition assessment, energy requirements, and macronutrient delivery. RESULTS: Case 1 describes a 19-year-old male, body mass index (BMI) 52...
June 2015: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sharat Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Children may present to an orthopaedic surgeon with congenital bone diseases, nutritional disorders like rickets, infective or traumatic due to fall etc of bones and joints. AIM: To know the percentage, common orthopaedic problems and demographic profile of paediatric orthopaedic problem in patients attending the orthopaedic OPD of NEIGRIHMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective study was conducted for the duration of one year from May'2012-May'2013 in the Department of Orthopaedics in North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS), Shillong, India...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zachary Tempel, Ramesh Grandhi, Matthew Maserati, David Panczykowski, Juan Ochoa, James Russavage, David Okonkwo
INTRODUCTION: Impaired perioperative nutritional status has been shown to be an important predictor of surgical morbidity and is the earliest marker of nutritional deficiency. No study, however, has examined serum prealbumin as a surrogate marker of nutritional status in patients undergoing spine surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who developed a postoperative deep wound infection after undergoing spine surgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from January 2008 through December 2011...
March 2015: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Riccardo Calvani, Anna Maria Martone, Emanuele Marzetti, Graziano Onder, Giulia Savera, Maria Lorenzi, Elisabetta Serafini, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND: Failure to meet an adequate dietary intake is involved in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia and osteoporosis, which in turn increase the risk for falls and fractures, respectively. Older people with hip fracture are often protein-malnourished at hospitalization. Whether low protein-energy intake is associated with muscle atrophy in hip-fractured patients is presently unknown. This information is necessary for the development of novel strategies to manage this especially vulnerable patient population...
2014: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Sheng Sun, Yaoshen Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Xin Li, Gang Wan, Changsong Zhao, Juan Cai, Zheng Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the early wound healing of orthopedic surgery in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carrier patients treated with optimized auxiliary treatments. METHODS: During a period of 48 months, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria plus CD4⁺ T lymphocyte count, the patients scheduled for orthopedic surgery (including HIV positive and negative) were divided into group A (HIV positive, CD4<500/ml) with optimized auxiliary treatments, group B (HIV positive, CD4 ≥ 500/ml) and group C (HIV negative) on prophylactic antibiotic therapy alone...
August 5, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Hyun-Jung Choi, Seung-Jae Lim, Youn-Soo Park, Soo-Youn Lee
BACKGROUND: Chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) metal ions released from orthopedic prostheses, such as metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings, may be related to wear of the bearing surface. These ions may serve as indicators of the in vivo performance of MoM bearing surfaces. We developed a simple and sensitive assay suitable for the simultaneous measurement of serum Cr and Co using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in clinical routine laboratory practice to evaluate analytical performance and clinical utility...
January 15, 2015: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
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