keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition orthopedic patients

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931495/a-review-of-sarcopenia-enhancing-awareness-of-an-increasingly-prevalent-disease
#1
REVIEW
Eric Marty, Yi Liu, Andre Samuel, Omer Or, Joseph Lane
Sarcopenia is defined as an age associated decline in skeletal muscle mass. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, with decreased caloric intake, muscle fiber denervation, intracellular oxidative stress, hormonal decline, and enhanced myostatin signaling all thought to contribute. Prevalence rates are as high as 29% and 33% in community dwelling and long-term care populations, respectively, with advanced age, low body mass index, and low physical activity as significant risk factors. Sarcopenia shares many characteristics with other disease states typically associated with risk of fall and fracture, including osteoporosis, frailty, and obesity...
September 17, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815783/stuck-in-tradition-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-for-implementation-of-evidence-based-nutritional-care-perceived-by-nursing-staff
#2
Malene Barfod O Connell, Pia Søe Jensen, Signe Lindgård Andersen, Cecilia Fernbrant, Vibeke Nørholm, Helle Vendel Petersen
AIM: To explore the barriers for nutritional care as perceived by nursing staff at an acute orthopedic ward, aiming to implement evidence-based nutritional care. BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that nurses recognize nutritional care as important, but interventions are often lacking. These studies show that a range of barriers influence the attempt to optimize nutritional care. Before the implementation of evidence-based nutritional care, we examined barriers for nutritional care among the nursing staff...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810958/multispecialty-synchronous-telehealth-utilization-and-patient-satisfaction-within-regional-health-command-europe-a-readiness-and-recapture-system-for-health
#3
Kirk H Waibel, Steven M Cain, Todd E Hall, Ronald S Keen
BACKGROUND: Telehealth implementation within the Military Healthcare System continues to advance toward the goal of a mature regional health platform; however, specialty-specific usage or patient satisfaction regarding synchronous or "real-time" telehealth at the regional military hospital level has not been described. METHODS: A retrospective review of synchronous telehealth encounters and patient satisfaction surveys from Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) specialty clinics engaging in synchronous telehealth to regional Army Health Clinics (AHCs) during 2015 was conducted...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615514/prognostic-value-of-the-c-reactive-protein-prognostic-nutritional-index-ratio-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-the-elderly-population
#4
Hanru Ren, Lianghao Wu, Wankun Hu, Xiuzhang Ye, Baoqing Yu
BACKGROUND: More and more older patients receive the surgery after hip fracture. However, the mortality rate is high. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is associated with prognosis in hip fracture patients. In the current study, we proposed a novel prognostic score, named c-reactive protein/PNI ratio (CRP/PNI ratio), for predicting the prognosis for geriatric orthopedic population. METHODS: This is a prospective study. Eighty cases of hip fracture surgery in the elderly population were studied to reveal the relationship between the CRP/PNI ratio and the clinicopathological characteristics of the elderly patients...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581701/mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-as-a-useful-method-of-predicting-poor-1-year-outcome-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-surgery
#5
Che-Sheng Chu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Ti Lu, Yu-Te Lin, Chin-Liang Chu
AIM: The present study aimed to determine whether the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) can predict the 1-year outcome of orthopedic fracture surgery in elderly patients. METHODS: This 1-year prospective study assessed nutrition using the MNA-SF at baseline, and postoperatively at 6 and 12 months. Repeated measures analysis of covariance was used to examine functional change over time for two MNA-SF categories. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with forward stepwise modeling was carried out to identify risk factors of functional decline, emergency department visit, hospital readmission and mortality at follow up...
June 5, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576270/conservative-management-of-hip-dysplasia
#6
REVIEW
Tisha A M Harper
Hip dysplasia (HD) is a common orthopedic condition seen in small animal patients that leads to osteoarthritis of the coxofemoral joint. The disease can be managed conservatively or surgically. The goals of surgical treatment in the immature patient are to either prevent the clinical signs of HD or to prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis. In mature patients surgery is used as a salvage procedure to treat debilitating osteoarthritis. Conservative management can be used in dogs with mild or intermittent clinical signs and includes nutritional management and weight control, exercise modification, physical rehabilitation, pain management and disease-modifying agents...
July 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#7
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492816/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-implementation-in-2-surgical-populations-in-an-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Vincent X Liu, Efren Rosas, Judith Hwang, Eric Cain, Anne Foss-Durant, Molly Clopp, Mengfei Huang, Derrick C Lee, Alex Mustille, Patricia Kipnis, Stephen Parodi
Importance: Novel approaches to perioperative surgical care focus on optimizing nutrition, mobility, and pain management to minimize adverse events after surgical procedures. Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program among 2 target populations: patients undergoing elective colorectal resection and patients undergoing emergency hip fracture repair. Design, Setting, and Participants: A pre-post difference-in-differences study before and after ERAS implementation in the target populations compared with contemporaneous surgical comparator groups (patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery and emergency orthopedic surgery)...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465219/differences-in-body-composition-according-to-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Ki Hyuk Sung, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Byung Chae Cho, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in body composition according to gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared to healthy controls. DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for CP PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patients (mean age, 11.5 ± 4.2 years) with CP who were admitted for orthopedic surgery between May 2014 and March 2016 and 46 typically developing children (TDC, control group) were included...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359364/age-dependent-risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-traumatology-and%C3%A2-orthopedic-patients
#10
Christine Lambert, Andreas Nüssler, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Thomas Freude, Christian Bahrs, Gunnar Ochs, Ingo Flesch, Ulrich Stöckle, Christoph Ihle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of risk of malnutrition (RoM) in an orthopedic and traumatology patient cohort with a broad range of ages. In addition to the classical indicators for risk assessment (low body mass index, weight loss, and comorbidity), this study aimed to analyze the effects of lifestyle factors (eating pattern, smoking, physical activity) on RoM. METHODS: The prospective cohort study included 1053 patients in a level 1 trauma center in Germany...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355769/-changes-in-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-different-diseases-during-hospitalization
#11
H Y Cui, M W Zhu, J M Wei, W Chen, X Yang, S N Zhu
Objective: To evaluate changes in nutritional status of hospitalized patients with different diseases by subjective global assessment (SGA) and nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002). Methods: A prospective and parallel research done by multi-center collaboration from 34 hospitals in China from June to September 2014. Hospitalized patients with the following diseases were investigated: malignant tumor (2 487 cases), benign disease of the digestive system (1 358 cases), benign disease of the nervous system (1 043 cases), benign bone disease (451 cases), benign disease of the respiratory system(395 cases), cardiovascular disease (227 cases), benign thyroid and breast disease (179 cases), and endocrine disease (149 cases)...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345769/best-practice-policy-statement-on-urodynamic-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-the-non-index-patient
#12
REVIEW
Anne P Cameron, Lysanne Campeau, Benjamin M Brucker, J Quentin Clemens, Gregory T Bales, Michael E Albo, Michael J Kennelly
AIMS: Antibiotic prophylaxis before urodynamic testing (UDS) is widely utilized to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) with only limited guidance. The Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU) convened a Best Practice Policy Panel to formulate recommendations on the urodynamic antibiotic prophylaxis in the non-index patient. METHODS: Recommendations are based on a literature review and the Panel's expert opinion, with all recommendations graded using the Oxford grading system...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187076/nutritional-status-as-an-adjunct-risk-factor-for-early-postoperative-complications-following-posterior-cervical-fusion
#13
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, John Shin, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study on prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of nutritional status, as measured by serum albumin level, on patient outcomes following posterior cervical fusion (PCF) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Malnutrition is a potential modifiable risk factor that has garnered an increasing amount attention within orthopedics in recent years. There is evidence to suggest the role of nutritional status in lumbar and ACDF surgery, yet the data for PCF is still lacking...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132729/malnutrition-an-underestimated-factor-in-the-inpatient-treatment-of-traumatology-and-orthopedic-patients-a-prospective-evaluation-of-1055-patients
#14
Christoph Ihle, Thomas Freude, Christian Bahrs, Eva Zehendner, Janick Braunsberger, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Christine Lambert, Ulrich Stöckle, Elke Wintermeyer, Julia Grünwald, Leonard Grünwald, Gunnar Ochs, Ingo Flesch, Andreas Nüssler
INTRODUCTION: Suboptimal nutritional status is often observed among hospitalized patients across all medical specialties. The objective of the present study was to (1) analyze the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized orthopedic and trauma patients and (2) to evaluate the relationship between malnutrition and selected clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective field study was conducted between 06/2014 and 06/2015 in a German level I trauma center (Department of Traumatology, Septic Trauma Surgery and Arthroplasty) with a total number of 1055 patients...
January 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813341/pharmacological-and-biological-therapeutic-strategies-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#15
REVIEW
Ronit Marom, Yi-Chien Lee, Ingo Grafe, Brendan Lee
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass, and bone deformities. The majority of cases are caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic variants in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes that encode type I collagen, the major component of the bone matrix. The remaining cases are caused by autosomal recessively or dominantly inherited mutations in genes that are involved in the post-translational modification of type I collagen, act as type I collagen chaperones, or are members of the signaling pathways that regulate bone homeostasis...
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429836/missed-opportunities-for-nutritional-rehabilitation-in-children-admitted-to-surgical-wards
#16
Pooja Dave, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Ajay Phatak, Rajendra Desai, Shirish Srivastava
Background. Malnutrition in children has serious health and economic consequences. We studied documentation of malnutrition, actual prevalence, and treatment given in children admitted to surgical wards. Methods. Retrospective study of 154 patients aged <5 yrs admitted to general surgical, orthopedic, and otorhinolaryngology wards. Records were evaluated for completeness of data, way of documentation, and data quality. Descriptive analysis was done. If malnutrition was not identified and/or proper action was not taken, it was defined as a "missed opportunity...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222410/nutritional-risk-malnutrition-and-nutritional-support-among-hospitalized-patients-in-orthopedics-spinal-surgery-of-a-hohhot-teaching-hospital
#17
Nannan Wang, Yalin Dong, Ting Huo, Yanqing Shao, Wenhua Xing, Shuwen Li
The evolution of nutritional status (the prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition, overweight and obesity) and the nutritional support of the hospitalized patients from admission to discharge or over a two-week period in orthopedics/ spinal surgery of a teaching hospital in Hohhot were investigated. 432 patients from two wards of the orthopedics/spinal surgery from Jan to Dec 2013, the traditional spinal surgery and the minimally invasive spinal surgery, were selected and detected in this study. The Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS 2002) was used to determine the patients' nutritional status within 48 h after admission and during their hospitalization...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133161/assessing-in-hospital-outcomes-and-resource-utilization-after-primary-total-joint-arthroplasty-among-underweight-patients
#18
Afshin A Anoushiravani, Zain Sayeed, Monique C Chambers, Theodore J Gilbert, Steven L Scaife, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, Khaled J Saleh
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status is a preventable condition frequently associated with low body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study is to comparatively analyze low (≤19 kg/m(2)) and normal (19-24.9 kg/m(2)) BMI cohorts, examining if a correlation between BMI, postoperative outcomes, and resource utilization exists. METHODS: Discharge data from the 2006-2012 National Inpatient Sample were used for this study. A total of 3550 total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 1315 total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patient samples were divided into 2 cohorts, underweight (≤19 kg/m(2)) and normal BMI (19-24...
July 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125080/complex-management-of-frailty-fractures-case-report
#19
Elena Puin Costescu, Aliona Dronic, Loana Dana Alexa, O Alexa
Frailty fractures encompass pelvic ring fractures in the elderly--a condition more frequently encountered in women, usually with pre-existing osteoporosis. The incidence of these fractures is increasing, following the increase in average life expectancy. Most of the times, they are the result of a minor injury, of which the patient has little or no recollection; the clinical signs and symptoms, radiological changes and the degree of fracture stability vary greatly. As such, there is a wide range of therapeutic options and one of the most important decisions for the physician is choosing between surgery and conservative treatment...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965178/effect-of-calcium-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-methylbutyrate-cahmb-vitamin-d-and-protein-supplementation-on-postoperative-immobilization-in-malnourished-older-adult-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Osman Ekinci, Serhat Yanık, Berna Terzioğlu Bebitoğlu, Elvan Yılmaz Akyüz, Ayfer Dokuyucu, Şevki Erdem
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support in orthopedic patients with malnutrition shortens the immobilization period. The efficacy of calcium β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (CaHMB), vitamin D, and protein intake on bone structure is studied and well known; however, there is no evidence supporting the effect of combined use in orthopedic conditions. We investigated the effects of CaHMB, vitamin D, and protein supplementation on wound healing, immobilization period, muscle strength, and laboratory parameters...
March 10, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
115256
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"