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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#1
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110507/computer-assisted-quantification-of-cd3-t-cells-in-follicular-lymphoma
#2
Fazly S Abas, Arwa Shana'ah, Beth Christian, Robert Hasserjian, Abner Louissaint, Michael Pennell, Berkman Sahiner, Weijie Chen, Muhammad Khalid Khan Niazi, Gerard Lozanski, Metin Gurcan
The advance of high resolution digital scans of pathology slides allowed development of computer based image analysis algorithms that may help pathologists in IHC stains quantification. While very promising, these methods require further refinement before they are implemented in routine clinical setting. Particularly critical is to evaluate algorithm performance in a setting similar to current clinical practice. In this article, we present a pilot study that evaluates the use of a computerized cell quantification method in the clinical estimation of CD3 positive (CD3+) T cells in follicular lymphoma (FL)...
January 22, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110500/-maximising-shareholder-value-a-detailed-insight-into-the-corporate-political-activity-of-the-australian-food-industry
#3
Melissa Mialon, Boyd Swinburn, Steven Allender, Gary Sacks
OBJECTIVE: To gain deeper insight into the corporate political activity (CPA) of the Australian food industry from a public health perspective. METHODS: Fifteen interviews with a purposive sample of current and former policy makers, public health advocates and academics who have closely interacted with food industry representatives or observed food industry behaviours. RESULTS: All participants reported having directly experienced the CPA of the food industry during their careers, with the 'information and messaging' and 'constituency building' strategies most prominent...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110490/high-expression-of-wls-is-associated-with-lymph-node-metastasis-and-advanced-tnm-stage-in-gastric-carcinomas
#4
Wei Zhang, Hong Tao, Xiao Chen, Haruhiko Sugimura, Jiandong Wang, Ping Zhou
The roles of Wnt protein in carcinogenesis have been well documented in human cancers. Wls is a key modulator for the secretion of Wnt protein. We previously found that Wls was aberrantly expressed in colorectal carcinomas. Studies have revealed that dysregulation of Wnt signal transduction plays an important role in gastric carcinoma. We hypothesized that Wls may play a role in the development and progression of gastric carcinoma. In this study, three gastric cancer cell lines MGC-803, SGC-7901, and AGS, and a set of gastric carcinoma tissue specimens were subjected to immunohistochemistry...
January 22, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110480/casubtype-an-r-package-to-identify-gene-sets-predictive-of-cancer-subtypes-and-clinical-outcomes
#5
Hualei Kong, Pan Tong, Xiaodong Zhao, Jielin Sun, Hua Li
In the past decade, molecular classification of cancer has gained high popularity owing to its high predictive power on clinical outcomes as compared with traditional methods commonly used in clinical practice. In particular, using gene expression profiles, recent studies have successfully identified a number of gene sets for the delineation of cancer subtypes that are associated with distinct prognosis. However, identification of such gene sets remains a laborious task due to the lack of tools with flexibility, integration and ease of use...
January 21, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110470/thermal-control-weather-and-aging
#6
REVIEW
Alexandra Schneider, Regina Rückerl, Susanne Breitner, Kathrin Wolf, Annette Peters
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight the latest developments in the field of weather and health with a focus on the elderly. The current state of knowledge is summarized and open questions and emerging fields of research are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: It is expected that climate change will lead to higher global average surface temperatures and more extreme climatic conditions. Previous studies have shown that non-optimal temperatures are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, specifically in elderly people...
January 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110460/ability-of-rf5-and-rf6-to-restore-fertility-of-chinsurah-boro-ii-type-cytoplasmic-male-sterile-oryza-sativa-ssp-japonica-lines
#7
Honggen Zhang, Jianlan Che, Yongshen Ge, Yan Pei, Lijia Zhang, Qiaoquan Liu, Minghong Gu, Shuzhu Tang
BACKGROUND: Three-line Oryza sativa (ssp. japonica) hybrids have been developed mainly using Chinsurah Boro II (BT)-type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). The Rf1 gene restores the fertility of BT-type CMS lines, and is the only fertility restorer gene (Rf) that has been used to produce three-line japonica hybrids. Using more Rf genes to breed BT-type restorer lines may broaden the genetic diversity of the restorer lines, and represents a viable approach to improve the heterosis level of BT-type japonica hybrids...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110459/calcium-phosphate-ceramics-and-polysaccharide-based-hydrogel-scaffolds-combined-with-mesenchymal-stem-cell-differently-support-bone-repair-in-rats
#8
Sophie Frasca, Françoise Norol, Catherine Le Visage, Jean-Marc Collombet, Didier Letourneur, Xavier Holy, Elhadi Sari Ali
Research in bone tissue engineering is focused on the development of alternatives to autologous bone grafts for bone reconstruction. Although multiple stem cell-based products and biomaterials are currently being investigated, comparative studies are rarely achieved to evaluate the most appropriate approach in this context. Here, we aimed to compare different clinically relevant bone tissue engineering methods and evaluated the kinetic repair and the bone healing efficiency supported by mesenchymal stem cells and two different biomaterials, a new hydrogel scaffold and a commercial hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate ceramic, alone or in combination...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110458/experimental-evaluation-of-new-chitin-chitosan-graft-for-duraplasty
#9
M Pogorielov, A Kravtsova, G C Reilly, V Deineka, G Tetteh, O Kalinkevich, O Pogorielova, R Moskalenko, G Tkach
Natural materials such as collagen and alginate have promising applications as dural graft substitutes. These materials are able to restore the dural defect and create optimal conditions for the development of connective tissue at the site of injury. A promising material for biomedical applications is chitosan-a linear polysaccharide obtained by the deacetylation of chitin. It has been found to be nontoxic, biodegradable, biofunctional and biocompatible in addition to having antimicrobial characteristics. In this study we designed new chitin-chitosan substitutes for dura mater closure and evaluated their effectiveness and safety...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110455/influence-of-environmental-and-anthropogenic-factors-at-the-bottom-sediments-in-a-doce-river-tributary-in-brazil
#10
Deyse Almeida Dos Reis, Aníbal da Fonseca Santiago, Laura Pereira Nascimento, Hubert Mathias Peter Roeser
In developing countries, it is uncommon to find watersheds that have been the object of detailed environmental studies. It makes the assessment of the magnitude of environmental impacts and pollution of these sites difficult. This research demonstrated ways to understand the dynamics of river bottom sediments contamination, even for watersheds with a lack of environmental data. Based on geochemical affinity, we conducted a comprehensive study on the concentration of metals and metalloids. Then, we discussed the probable origin of the concentration of these elements at the bottom sediment along the Matipó River...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110454/tackling-the-salinity-pollution-nexus-in-coastal-aquifers-from-arid-regions-using-nitrate-and-boron-isotopes
#11
V Re, E Sacchi
Salinization and nitrate pollution are generally ascertained as the main issues affecting coastal aquifers worldwide. In arid zones, where agricultural activities also result in soil salinization, both phenomena tend to co-exist and synergically contribute to alter groundwater quality, with severe negative impacts on human populations and natural ecosystems' wellbeing. It becomes therefore necessary to understand if and to what extent integrated hydrogeochemical tools can help in distinguishing among possible different salinization and nitrate contamination origins, in order to provide adequate science-based support to local development and environmental protection...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110450/application-of-a-statistical-model-for-the-assessment-of-environmental-quality-in-neotropical-semi-arid-reservoirs
#12
Evaldo de Lira Azevêdo, José Etham de Lucena Barbosa, Leandro Gomes Viana, Maria José Pinheiro Anacleto, Marcos Callisto, Joseline Molozzi
The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model to assess the environmental quality of reservoirs located in semi-arid region using metrics of anthropogenic disturbance, water quality variables, and benthic macroinvertebrate communities as indicators. The proposed model was applied to 60 sites located in three reservoirs in the Paraíba river basin, Brazilian semi-arid region. Collections were made in December 2011. In each site, we collected one sample of benthic macroinvertebrates and one water sample for the determination of physical and chemical parameters...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110441/human-cryptosporidiosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Reza Berahmat, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Azim Rezamand, Nayyereh Aminisani, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Roghayeh Ghoyounchi, Tahereh Mikaeili-Galeh
Cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium spp. is an important parasitic disease that can be life-threatening for children and immunocompromised patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and related risk factors among the Iranian general population. We searched electronic databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Proquest for articles in English and SID, Magiran, IranMedex, and IranDoc for articles in Persian...
January 21, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110439/combination-of-interleukin-1-polymorphism-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-an-increased-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-pakistani-population
#14
Yasir Raza, Adnan Khan, Asif Iqbal Khan, Saeed Khan, Shakeel Akhter, Muhammad Mubarak, Ayaz Ahmed, Shahana Urooj Kazmi
Helicobacter pylori is one of the major risk factors involved in the development ofgastritis and gastric cancer (GC). H. pylori infection leads to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by the host. Carriage of specific polymorphisms in cytokine genes may be associated with host susceptibility to the development of GC. We investigated the role of host genetic factors including polymorphisms of IL-1B and IL-1RN in correlation with gastritis and GC in H. pylori infected Pakistani population. A total of 230 gastritis cases and 100 GC cases were genotyped for IL 1B-511 and IL-1RN penta-allelic variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs)...
January 21, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110431/a-report-on-identification-of-sequence-polymorphism-in-barcode-region-of-six-commercially-important-cymbopogon-species
#15
Ashok Kumar Bishoyi, Aarti Kavane, Anjali Sharma, K A Geetha
CYMBOPOGON: is an important member of grass family Poaceae, cultivated for essential oils which have greater medicinal and industrial value. Taxonomic identification of Cymbopogon species is determined mainly by morphological markers, odour of essential oils and concentration of bioactive compounds present in the oil matrices which are highly influenced by environment. Authenticated molecular marker based taxonomical identification is also lacking in the genus; hence effort was made to evaluate potential DNA barcode loci in six commercially important Cymbopogon species for their individual discrimination and authentication at the species level...
January 21, 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110430/ontological-issues-and-the-possible-development-of-cultural-psychology
#16
Gilberto Pérez-Campos
Ontological issues have a bad reputation within mainstream psychology. This paper, however, is an attempt to argue that ontological reflection may play an important role in the development of cultural psychology. A cross-reading of two recent papers on the subject (Mammen & Mironenko, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49(4), 681-713, 2015; Simão Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 50, 568-585, 2016), aimed at characterizing their respective approaches to ontological issues, sets the stage for a presentation of Cornelius Castoriadis' ontological reflections...
January 21, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110425/functional-effector-memory-t-cells-contribute-to-protection-from-superinfection-with-heterologous-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-or-simian-human-immunodeficiency-virus-isolates-in-chinese-rhesus-macaques
#17
Ming Sun, Huiwen Zheng, Yingpeng Xie, Bingxiang Li, Haiting Long, Ge Guo, Lei Guo, Jingjing Wang, Ruotong Ning, Yue Li, Longding Liu
Many studies have revealed a protective effect of infection of an individual with an immunodeficiency virus against subsequent infection with a heterologous strain. However, the extent of protection against superinfection conferred by the first infection and the biological consequences of superinfection are not well understood. Here, we report that a rhesus monkey model of mucosal superinfection was established to investigate the protective immune response. Protection against superinfection was shown to correlate with the extent of the polyfunctionality of CD4(+) effector memory T cells, whereas neutralizing antibody responses did not protect against superinfection in this model...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110411/development-of-the-siope-dipg-network-registry-and-imaging-repository-a-collaborative-effort-to-optimize-research-into-a-rare-and-lethal-disease
#18
Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Dennis De Jongh, Esther Sanchez Aliaga, Frederik Barkhof, Johan Noltes, Ruben De Wolf, Jet Van Dijk, Antonio Cannarozzo, Carin M Damen-Korbijn, Jan A Lieverst, Niclas Colditz, Marion Hoffmann, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Brigitte Bison, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Gerrit H Gielen, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Raphael Calmon, David Castel, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, Irene Slavc, Stefaan Van Gool, Sandra Jacobs, Filip Jadrijevic-Cvrlje, David Sumerauer, Karsten Nysom, Virve Pentikainen, Sanna-Maria Kivivuori, Pierre Leblond, Natasha Entz-Werle, Andre O von Bueren, Antonis Kattamis, Darren R Hargrave, Péter Hauser, Miklos Garami, Halldora K Thorarinsdottir, Jane Pears, Lorenza Gandola, Giedre Rutkauskiene, Geert O Janssens, Ingrid K Torsvik, Marta Perek-Polnik, Maria J Gil-da-Costa, Olga Zheludkova, Liudmila Shats, Ladislav Deak, Lidija Kitanovski, Ofelia Cruz, Andres Morales La Madrid, Stefan Holm, Nicolas Gerber, Rejin Kebudi, Richard Grundy, Enrique Lopez-Aguilar, Marta Zapata-Tarres, John Emmerik, Tim Hayden, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Jacques Grill, William P Vandertop, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Maryam Fouladi, Christof M Kramm, Dannis G van Vuurden
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110408/gingival-recessions-of-lower-incisors-after-proclination-by-orthodontics-alone-or-in-combination-with-anterior-mandibular-alveolar-process-distraction-osteogenesis
#19
Gregory S Antonarakis, Christof Urs Joss, Albino Triaca, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Stavros Kiliaridis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to longitudinally compare periodontal conditions in consecutive patients who had orthodontic treatment with proclination of lower incisors either by orthodontics alone or in combination with anterior mandibular alveolar process distraction osteogenesis (DO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients had orthodontic treatment with DO, 18 with extraction of lower premolars (Ex), and 18 without extractions (Nonex). Lateral cephalograms were used to evaluate lower incisor proclination, while study casts and intraoral photographs were used to evaluate labial and lingual gingival recessions before (T1) and at an average of 4...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110403/delayed-asymptomatic-coil-migrations-toward-different-arteries-after-aneurysmal-embolization-case-report
#20
Tomoya Kamide, Kouichi Misaki, Iku Nambu, Masanao Mohri, Naoyuki Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Nakada
Delayed coil migration after endovascular treatment with detachable coils, particularly several months after treatment, is extremely rare. In this report, the authors describe a 77-year-old female in whom delayed coil migration to the anterior cerebral artery and posterior communicating artery (PCoA) developed 3 months after an uncomplicated aneurysm embolization. The patient was successfully retreated with a closed-cell stent. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) revealed high wall shear stress (WSS) and multiple vortices in the residual cavity of the initially treated aneurysm...
January 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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