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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922259/development-of-neurocritical-care-enhanced-neuromonitoring-or-better-specialists-cooperation
#1
Nicolas Bruder, Salah Boussen, Lionel Velly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922251/endovascular-prevention-and-treatment-of-stroke-related-to-extracranial-carotid-artery-disease
#2
Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Gary B Rajah, Hakeem J Shakir, Jason M Davies, Kenneth V Snyder, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, L N Hopkins
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the leading cause of premature mortality and morbidity worldwide for both men and women. Extracranial carotid artery stenosis/occlusion is responsible for approximately 11.5%% of ischemic strokes, whereas extracranial large vessel disease comprises roughly 16.6% of ischemic strokes. Carotid artery disease has been the source of significant debate among neurovascular and cardiovascular specialists, as well as vascular surgeons, as to the best method of revascularization, surgical reconstruction versus endovascular recanalization...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922241/an-unusual-case-of-neuroblastoma-a-17-year-old-adolescent-presented-with-bilateral-diffuse-lung-metastasis-at-initial-diagnosis
#3
Çağlar Ödek, Tanıl Kendirli, Esra Pekpak, Ayhan Yaman, Başak Adaklı-Aksoy, Handan Dinçaslan, Nurdan Taçyıldız, Emel Ünal, Erdal İnce, Gülsan Yavuz
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequently diagnosed neoplasm during infancy and its incidence declines within the first 3-5 years of life. It can be rarely diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Adolescents have advanced stage of disease, higher frequency of uncommon metastatic sites such as lungs, and worse outcomes. Herein, we describe an unusual case of NB in a 17-year-old adolescent presented with lung metastasis at diagnosis. The patient was diagnosed with stage IV NB. Thorax high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan revealed irregular septal thickening with ground glass opacity consistent with pulmonary parenchymal metastases...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#4
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922222/delving-into-the-details-implementing-multitiered-k-3-reading-supports-in-high-priority-schools
#5
Michael D Coyne, Ashley Oldham, Kaitlin Leonard, Darci Burns, Nicholas Gage
Although there is widespread agreement about the practices associated with multitiered systems of support (MTSS) frameworks in beginning reading, we often underestimate the systems and infrastructure that schools need to implement and sustain these practices. The real work of developing these systems often happens in the detailed-oriented and often messy world of schedules, routines, meetings, and materials. The purpose of this article is to describe a K-3 reading initiative where school teams serving high percentages of students at risk for reading difficulties "delved into the details" to work to overcome the complexities inherent in implementing multitiered reading supports in high priority schools...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922219/introduction-to-the-special-issue-challenges-and-solutions-to-implementing-effective-reading-intervention-in-schools
#6
Barbara Foorman
This special issue focuses on challenges and solutions to implementing effective reading intervention in schools in the United States. Researchers often develop interventions that prove effective in efficacy studies but then show no impact when implemented at scale in public school settings. The authors of the intervention studies presented here describe a number of common implementation problems stemming from research in primary grades, middle grades, and high schools. Solutions to these implementation problems include establishing researcher-practitioner partnerships to address the systems-level challenges, suggestions for how to obtain buy-in from teachers, and recommendations for reforming preservice and in-service teacher education...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922218/improving-professional-development-to-enhance-reading-outcomes-for-students-in-special-education
#7
Christopher J Lemons, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sheila J Conway, Veronica Mellado De La Cruz
The purpose of this article is to focus specifically on professional development that is needed to ensure that preservice and in-service teachers are prepared to deliver intensive intervention to enhance reading outcomes of students in special education. Our aim is to provide recommendations to ensure that special educators are prepared to design and implement data-based individualization in the area of reading. We highlight what special educators need to know to implement data-based individualization and provide recommendations for improving professional development using findings from federally funded projects...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922213/quantitative-maldi-ms-binding-assays-an-alternative-to-radiolabeling
#8
Maxime Rossato, Guillaume Miralles, Céline M'Kadmi, Mathieu Maingot, Muriel Amblard, Bernard Mouillac, Didier Gagne, Jean Martinez, Gilles Subra, Christine Enjalbal, Sonia Cantel
Radiolabeling of ligands is still the gold standard in the study of high-affinity receptor-ligand interactions. In an effort toward safer and simpler alternatives to the use of radioisotopes, we developed a quantitative and highly sensitive matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) method that relies on the use of chemically tagged ligands designed to be specifically detectable when present as traces in complex biological mixtures such as cellular lysates. This innovative technology allows easy, sensitive detection and accurate quantification of analytes at the sub-nanomolar level...
December 6, 2016: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922203/vulnerability-to-alcohol-related-problems-a-policy-brief-with-implications-for-the-regulation-of-alcohol-marketing
#9
Thomas F Babor, Katherine Robaina, Jonathan K Noel, E Bruce Ritson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern that alcohol advertising can have detrimental effects on vulnerable viewers has prompted the development of codes of responsible advertising practices. This paper evaluates critically the concept of vulnerability as it applies to (1) susceptibility to alcohol-related harm and (2) susceptibility to the effects of marketing, and describes its implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing. METHOD: We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert reports to determine whether these two types of vulnerability apply to population groups defined by (1) age and developmental history; (2) personality characteristics; (3) family history of alcoholism; (4) female sex and pregnancy risk; and (5) history of alcohol dependence and recovery status...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922201/high-performance-air-stable-field-effect-transistors-based-on-heteroatom-substituted-naphthalenediimide-benzothiadiazole-copolymers-exhibiting-ultrahigh-electron-mobility-up-to-8-5-cm-v-1-s-1
#10
Zhiyuan Zhao, Zhihong Yin, Huajie Chen, Liping Zheng, Chunguang Zhu, Long Zhang, Songting Tan, Hanlin Wang, Yunlong Guo, Qingxin Tang, Yunqi Liu
Rational heteroatom engineering is applied to develop high-performance electron-transporting naphthalenediimide copolymers. Top-gate field-effect transistors fabricated from selenophene-containing polymers achieve an ultrahigh electron mobility of 8.5 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and excellent air-stability. The results demonstrate that the incorporation of selenophene heterocycles into the polymers can improve film-forming ability, intermoleclar interaction, and carrier transport significantly.
December 6, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922197/variability-in-the-performance-characteristics-of-igg-anti-hev-assays-and-its-impact-on-reliability-of-seroprevalence-rates-of-hepatitis-e
#11
Maja Kodani, Nourine Ahmed, Alexandra Tejada-Strop, Amanda Poe, Maxine M Denniston, Jan Drobeniuc, Saleem Kamili
Hepatitis E is a major public health problem in developing countries and is increasingly being recognized as a cause of substantial sporadic viral hepatitis infections in industrialized countries. Variable rates of hepatitis E seroprevalence have been reported from the same geographic regions depending on the assay used. In this study, we evaluated the performance characteristics of four assays which included two commercial assays, Wantai HEV-IgG ELISA kit (Wantai, China) and DS-EIA-ANTI-HEV-G kit (DSI, Italy), one NIH-developed immunoassay (NIH-55K, Kuniholm et al...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922196/hiv-prevalence-and-phylogenetic-characteristics-among-entry-travelers-in-xishuangbanna-prefecture-yunnan-province-between-2003-and-2012
#12
Binghui Wang, Yaobo Liang, Yajuan Wang, Yue Feng, Yaping Li, Li Zhang, Qicai Xuan, Jing Miao, Weihong Qin, Xueshan Xia
Xishuangbanna is a popular tourist destination in southern Yunnan Province, bordering with Vietnam and Laos and Myanmar. There are more than 2 million cross-border travelers annually entering China at two land ports, Daluo and Mohan. To clarify the characteristics of HIV-1 prevalence among entry travelers, a retrospective epidemic investigation was conducted. Between 2003 and 2012, 196 among 91,432 entry travelers were detected to be HIV-1-positive, accounting for infection rate of 0.21%. Eighty-one gag-pol gene sequences were obtained for phylogenetic analyses and subsequent recombination analysis...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922185/relaxin-family-peptides-structure-activity-relationship-studies
#13
REVIEW
Nitin A Patil, K Johan Rosengren, Frances Separovic, John D Wade, Ross A D Bathgate, Mohammed Akhter Hossain
The human relaxin peptide family consists of seven cystine-rich peptides, four of which are known to signal through relaxin family peptide receptors, RXFP1-4. Considering the vital roles these peptides play in physiology and various diseases, they are of considerable importance for drug discovery and development. Detailed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies towards understanding the role of important residues in each of these peptides have been reported over the years and utilised for design of antagonists and minimised agonist variants...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922182/retinoid-derivative-tp80-exhibits-anti-hepatitis-c-virus-activity-through-restoration-of-gi-gpx-expression
#14
Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Yukiko Okuno, Masahiko Ajiro, Kei Iida, Masatsugu Denawa, Makoto Yamamoto, Naoya Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Masatoshi Hagiwara
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus with an estimated infection in ∼180 million people worldwide, and its chronic infection leads to development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although recent development of direct acting antiviral (DAA) compounds improved anti-HCV regimens, alternative therapeutic compounds are still demanded due to an expected emergence of escape mutants for those DAAs. In order to identify novel anti-HCV agents, we conducted chemical library screening for 2,086 compounds using HCV Rep-Feo reporter replicon in Huh7 hepatoma cells...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922181/evaluation-of-gas-and-carbon-transport-in-a-methanogenic-bioelectrochemical-system-bes
#15
Christy M Dykstra, Spyros G Pavlostathis
Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) may be used to upgrade anaerobic digester biogas by directly converting CO2 to CH4 .The objective of this study was to evaluate gas (N2 , CO2 , CH4 , and H2 ) and carbon transport within a methanogenic BES. Four BES configurations were evaluated: abiotic anode with abiotic cathode (AAn-ACa), bioanode with abiotic cathode (BAn-ACa), abiotic anode with biocathode (AAn-BCa), and bioanode with biocathode (BAn-BCa). Transport of N2 , a gas commonly used for flushing anoxic systems, out of the anode headspace ranged from 3...
December 6, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922180/going-domestic-importing-the-study-abroad-experience-the-development-of-a-multicultural-new-york-city-study-away-program
#16
Susan Hayes Lane, Carolyn Huffman, Dana E Brackney, Alyssa Cuddy
PROBLEM: Significant off-campus domestic study away experiences have been shown to be a transformative active learning environment for students and achieve similar learning outcomes as study abroad programs. METHODS: This manuscript describes the conception, development, and pedagogical approach of a faculty-led domestic study away experience in New York City for pre-licensure and post-licensure nursing students as an active learning strategy for developing cultural competence...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922179/a-carbon-dioxide-stripping-model-for-mammalian-cell-culture-in-manufacturing-scale-bioreactors
#17
Zizhuo Xing, Amanda M Lewis, Michael C Borys, Zheng Jian Li
Control of carbon dioxide within the optimum range is important in mammalian bioprocesses at the manufacturing scale in order to ensure robust cell growth, high protein yields, and consistent quality attributes. The majority of bioprocess development work is done in laboratory bioreactors, in which carbon dioxide levels are more easily controlled. Some challenges in carbon dioxide control can present themselves when cell culture processes are scaled up, because carbon dioxide accumulation is a common feature due to longer gas-residence time of mammalian cell culture in large scale bioreactors...
December 6, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#18
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#19
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922175/a-framework-to-quantify-karyotype-variation-associated-with-cho-production-instability
#20
Jong Youn Baik, Kelvin H Lee
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, major mammalian host cells for biomanufacturing of therapeutic proteins, have been extensively investigated to enhance productivity and product quality. However, cell line instability resulting in unexpected changes in productivity or product quality is challenging for biomanufacturing. Based on previous reports about causes and characteristics of production instability, we hypothesized that chromosomal rearrangements due to genomic instability are associated with production instability...
December 6, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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