Panayiotis E Pelargos, Daniel T Nagasawa, Carlito Lagman, Stephen Tenn, Joanna V Demos, Seung J Lee, Timothy T Bui, Natalie E Barnette, Nikhilesh S Bhatt, Nolan Ung, Ausaf Bari, Neil A Martin, Isaac Yang
Neurosurgery has undergone a technological revolution over the past several decades, from trephination to image-guided navigation. Advancements in virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) represent some of the newest modalities being integrated into neurosurgical practice and resident education. In this review, we present a historical perspective of the development of VR and AR technologies, analyze its current uses, and discuss its emerging applications in the field of neurosurgery.
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia