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oxytocin rupture of membranes

Marta González-Maestro, Izaskun Laurrieta-Saiz, Casandra García-González, Marta López-Mirones, Oihane Terán-Muñoz, Alicia Alonso-Salcines
OBJECTIVE: Induction of labor (IOL) is a common obstetric practice which has increased in recent decades. The main objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of induced labor at Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital. METHOD: A descriptive, retrospective study was performed between January 1st and April 30t(h) of 2014, by reviewing medical histories. A standardised registration has been used to collect data. RESULTS: There were a total of 376 IOL, the incidence was 35...
January 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Judith M Schlaeger, Elizabeth M Gabzdyl, Jeanie L Bussell, Nobuari Takakura, Hiroyoshi Yajima, Miho Takayama, Diana J Wilkie
Acupuncture and acupressure, 2 modalities of Traditional Chinese Medicine, are based on reducing pain and symptoms of disease through balancing yin and yang. Acupuncture and acupressure have been used in China for reduction of labor pain, labor augmentation, and other intrapartum indications for more than 2 millennia. This article presents a review of the current literature that has addressed the effects of acupuncture and acupressure on intrapartum events. Studies of acupuncture have demonstrated that acupuncture may reduce labor pain, the use of pharmacologic agents, the use of forceps and vacuum-assisted births, and the length of labor...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Tarek Meguid, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Ali Gharib Mohamed, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: To study determinants of stillbirths as indicators of quality of care during labour in an East African low resource referral hospital. METHODS: A criterion-based unmatched unblinded case-control study of singleton stillbirths with birthweight ≥2000 g (n = 139), compared to controls with birthweight ≥2000 g and Apgar score ≥7 (n = 249). RESULTS: The overall facility-based stillbirth rate was 59 per 1000 total births, of which 25 % was not reported in the hospital's registers...
November 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Lisa Forsén, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Complete uterine rupture is a rare peripartum complication associated with a catastrophic outcome. Because of its rarity, knowledge about its risk factors is not very accurate. Most previous studies were small and over a limited time interval. Moreover, international diagnostic coding was used in most studies. These codes are not able to differentiate between the catastrophic complete type and less catastrophic partial type. Complete uterine rupture is expected to increase as the rate of cesarean delivery increases...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Howard C Mandel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sven Wellmann, Andrea Koslowski, Katharina Spanaus, Roland Zimmermann, Tilo Burkhardt
OBJECTIVE: To test whether an oxytocin challenge test raises neonatal levels of copeptin, the C-terminal portion of proarginine vasopressin, a sensitive stress marker elevated in neonates born by vaginal delivery as opposed to elective cesarean delivery. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial in women with a singleton pregnancy undergoing elective cesarean delivery at greater than 36 weeks of gestation and no contractions or rupture of membranes, we compared arterial umbilical cord plasma concentrations of copeptin between neonates exposed to an oxytocin challenge test before elective cesarean delivery and those administered saline infusion (placebo group)...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Maria Kyrgiou, Antonios Athanasiou, Maria Paraskevaidi, Anita Mitra, Ilkka Kalliala, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, Marc Arbyn, Phillip Bennett, Evangelos Paraskevaidis
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the effect of treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) on obstetric outcomes and to correlate this with cone depth and comparison group used. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:  CENTRAL, Medline, Embase from 1948 to April 2016 were searched for studies assessing obstetric outcomes in women with or without previous local cervical treatment. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS:  Independent reviewers extracted the data and performed quality assessment using the Newcastle-Ottawa criteria...
July 28, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Tetsuya Kawakita, Uma M Reddy, Sara N Iqbal, Helain J Landy, Chun-Chih Huang, Matthew Hoffman, Anthony C Sciscione, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes based on length of the latent phase during induction with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using data from the Consortium of Safe Labor study, including 9,763 nulliparous and 8,379 multiparous women with singleton, term pregnancies undergoing induction at 2 cm dilation or less with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation after which the latent phase ended...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tetsuya Kawakita, Katherine L Grantz, Helain J Landy, Chun-Chih Huang, Michelle A Kominiarek
Objective To compare perinatal outcomes in women with oligohydramnios and an unfavorable cervix undergoing labor induction with misoprostol to prostaglandin E2. Study Design We conducted a secondary analysis of women with oligohydramnios undergoing labor induction in the Consortium on Safe Labor study (2002-2008). Oligohydramnios was recorded in the medical chart. We evaluated perinatal outcomes. We limited the analysis to women with an unfavorable cervix defined by simplified Bishop score ≤ 4. Misoprostol was compared with prostaglandin E2...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Lorena Binfa, Loreto Pantoja, Jovita Ortiz, Marcela Gurovich, Gabriel Cavada, Jennifer Foster
OBJECTIVE: in 2010, a pilot study was conducted among women who were attended by midwives in the public sector in Santiago, Chile. The purpose of that study was to evaluate the implementation of the 'Model of Integrated and Humanized Health Services', and the Clinical Guide for Humanized Attention during Labour and Childbirth. Results of that study indicated 92.7% of women had medically augmented labours (artificial rupture of the membranes, oxytocin and epidural analgesia). One third of the women reported discontent with the care they received...
April 2016: Midwifery
Nadia B Kunzier, Wendy L Kinzler, Martin R Chavez, Tracy M Adams, Donald A Brand, Anthony M Vintzileos
BACKGROUND: Cervical length by transvaginal ultrasound to predict preterm labor is widely used in clinical practice. Virtually no data exist on cervical length measurement to differentiate true from false labor in term patients who present for labor check. False-positive diagnosis of true labor at term may lead to unnecessary hospital admissions, obstetrical interventions, resource utilization, and cost. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if cervical length by transvaginal ultrasound can differentiate true from false labor in term patients presenting for labor check...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
C M Mbaluka, K Kamau, J G Karanja, N Mugo
BACKGROUND: Pre-labour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is a common event whose management varies from centre to centre. The practice at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) for patients with PROM at term is to initiate delivery of the patient soon on admission with intravenous oxytocin, if there are no contraindications to vaginal delivery. However, in PROM at term, if the cervix is not ripe, vaginal administration of prostaglandin pessaries for cervical ripening is not possible when there is active draining of liquor, thus use of intravenous oxytocin may take a very long time or fail all together...
September 2014: East African Medical Journal
C M Mbaluka, K Kamau, J G Karanja, N Mugo
BACKGROUND: Pre-labour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is a common event whose management varies from centre to centre. The practice at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) for patients with PROM at term is to initiate delivery of the patient soon on admission with intravenous oxytocin, if there are no contraindications to vaginal delivery. However, in PROM at term, if the cervix is not ripe, vaginal administration of prostaglandin pessaries for cervical ripening is not possible when there is active draining of liquor, thus use of intravenous oxytocin may take a very long time or fail all together...
September 2014: East African Medical Journal
Ellen Kauffman, Vivienne L Souter, Jodie G Katon, Kristin Sitcov
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between cervical dilation on admission and maternal and newborn outcomes in term spontaneous labor. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 11,368 singleton, term (37-43 6/7 weeks of gestation) spontaneously laboring women delivering in 14 hospitals in Washington State between 2012 and 2014 using chart abstracted data from the Obstetrics Clinical Outcomes Assessment Program. Women with prior cesarean delivery or ruptured membranes on admission were excluded...
March 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Antje Petersen, André Karch, Mechthild M Gross
OBJECTIVE: understanding the labour characteristics of women attempting vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) may suggest how to improve intrapartum management and may enhance success rates. Promoting VBAC is a relevant factor in decreasing overall caesarean section (c-section) rates. However, the labour processes of women attempting VBAC are not well investigated. The aim of this paper is to compare multiparae planning a first VBAC (pVBAC) with primiparae and with multiparae planning a second vaginal birth, all starting to give birth vaginally, with regard to (a) perinatal characteristics, (b) the timing of intrapartal spontaneous rupture of membranes (SROM) and of interventions, and (c) labour duration, with respect to the first and second stages...
March 2016: Midwifery
Fatemeh Laloha, Negin Mahboob Asiabar, Ameneh Barikani, Farideh Movahed, Ezzatossadat Haj Seyed Javadi
The use of corticosteroids is one of the methods put forward for the strengthening and speeding up the process of labor. After identification of glucocorticoid receptors in human amnion, the role of corticosteroids in starting the process of labor has been studied in numerous studies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of intravenous Dexamethasone on preparing the cervix and on labor induction. A randomized, clinical, and double-blind trial was conducted on 172 women divided into a control and an experimental group...
2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Mark Phillippe
Multiple previous reports have provided compelling support for the premise that spontaneous parturition is mediated by activation of inflammation-related signaling pathways leading to increased secretion of cytokines and chemokines, the influx of neutrophils and macrophages into the pregnant uterus, increased production of uterine activation proteins (eg, connexin-43, cyclo-oxygenase-2, oxytocin receptors, etc), activation of matrix metalloproteinases, and the release of uterotonins leading to cervical ripening, membrane rupture, and myometrial contractions...
October 2015: Reproductive Sciences
Ka Young Rhee, Laura Goetzl, Ramsey Unal, Jill Cierny, Pamela Flood
BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory cytokines are increased in maternal blood at term pregnancy and are associated with cervical ripening and the initiation of labor. We hypothesize that maternal plasma cytokines also affect the sensitivity to labor pain. METHODS: By using a previously validated model describing labor pain, we used a deidentified database derived from healthy nulliparous parturients who delivered singleton pregnancies at term. Numerical rating scores for pain were recorded after the onset of regular contractions using an 11-point scale...
September 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Wael Sayed Mourad, Debbra J Bersano, Peter B Greenspan, Diane Medved Harper
Intrapartum uterine rupture is a true obstetrical emergency. Uterine rupture is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It is rare in the unscarred uterus of a primigravida. A 23-year-old primigravida with an unscarred uterus was admitted with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes at 36(+4) weeks of gestation. Abnormal fetal heart monitoring, associated with acute onset of severe abdominopelvic pain, developed on admission. Rupture occurred prior to onset of regular uterine contractions and in the absence of any interventional oxytocin...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
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