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topic related to colon cancer

Eva Janssen, Philippe Verduyn, Erika A Waters
OBJECTIVES: Many people report uncertainty when appraising their risk of cancer and other diseases, but prior research about the topic has focused solely on cognitive risk perceptions. We investigated uncertainty related to cognitive and affective risk questions. We also explored whether any differences in uncertainty between cognitive and affective questions varied in magnitude by item-specific or socio-demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data collected for a 2 × 2 × 3 full-factorial risk communication experiment (N = 835) that was embedded within an online survey...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stergios A Polyzos, Christos Zeglinas, Fotini Artemaki, Michael Doulberis, Evangelos Kazakos, Panagiotis Katsinelos, Jannis Kountouras
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is etiologically associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There is evidence to support the sequence GERD, Barrett's esophagus (BE), dysplasia, and finally EAC, with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) being implicated in each step to EAC. On the other side of this relation stands the hypothesis of the protective role of H. pylori against EAC. Based on this controversy, our aim was to review the literature, specifically original clinical studies and meta-analyses linking H...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Charles A Phillips, Allison Barz Leahy, Yimei Li, Marilyn M Schapira, L Charles Bailey, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: In the United States, cancer is common, with high morbidity and mortality; cancer incidence varies between states. Online searches reflect public awareness, which could be driven by the underlying regional cancer epidemiology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to characterize the relationship between cancer incidence and online Google search volumes in the United States for 6 common cancers. A secondary objective was to evaluate the association of search activity with cancer-related public events and celebrity news coverage...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jiang Bian, Yunpeng Zhao, Ramzi G Salloum, Yi Guo, Mo Wang, Mattia Prosperi, Hansi Zhang, Xinsong Du, Laura J Ramirez-Diaz, Zhe He, Yuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Social media is being used by various stakeholders among pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, health care organizations, professionals, and news media as a way of engaging audiences to raise disease awareness and ultimately to improve public health. Nevertheless, it is unclear what effects this health information has on laypeople. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a detailed examination of how promotional health information related to Lynch syndrome impacts laypeople's discussions on a social media platform (Twitter) in terms of topic awareness and attitudes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jon D Vogel, Cagla Eskicioglu, Martin R Weiser, Daniel L Feingold, Scott R Steele
The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons is dedicated to ensuring high-quality patient care by advancing the science, prevention, and management of disorders and diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. The Clinical Practice Guidelines Committee is composed of society members who are chosen because they have demonstrated expertise in the specialty of colon and rectal surgery. This committee was created to lead international efforts in defining quality care for conditions related to the colon, rectum, and anus...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Mackenzie R Wehner, Kevin T Nead, Eleni Linos
Importance: Population-level disease metrics are critical to guide the distribution of resources and implementation of public health initiatives. Internet search data reflect population interest in health topics and may be an alternative metric of disease characteristics when traditional sources are lacking, such as in basal and squamous cell carcinomas, which are not included in national cancer registries. However, these data are not yet well validated or understood. Objective: To evaluate whether state-specific normalized internet search volume correlates with incidence and mortality rates of common cancers in the United States, including melanoma...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative and motile bacterium that colonizes the hostile microniche of the human stomach, then persists for the host's entire life, if not effectively treated. Clinically, H. pylori plays a causative role in the development of a wide spectrum of diseases including chronic active gastritis, peptic ulceration, gastric adenocarcinoma, and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Due to the global distribution of H. pylori, it is no exaggeration to conclude that smart strategies are contributing to adaptation of the bacterium to its permanent host...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Joseph R Roberts, Lacey L Siekas, Andrew M Kaz
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a premalignant lesion of the anal mucosa that is a precursor to anal cancer. Although anal cancer is relatively uncommon, rates of this malignancy are steadily rising in the United States, and among certain high risk populations the incidence of anal cancer may exceed that of colon cancer. Risk factors for AIN and anal cancer consist of clinical factors and behaviors that are associated with the acquisition and persistence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. The strongest HPV-associated risk factors are HIV infection, receptive anal intercourse, and high risk sexual behavior...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Andrea D'Alessio, Sara Cecchini, Daniela Di Mauro, Luca Geroli, Simonetta Villa, Antonello Quadri, Davide Resta, Carmelo Fortugno
PURPOSE: Cetuximab and panitumumab are monoclonal antibody inhibitors that bind the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) currently used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. The main adverse event related to EGFR inhibitors (EGFR-Is) is cutaneous toxicity, which can cause dosage reduction and interruption of treatment. State-of-the-art management of skin toxicity associated with EGFR-Is therapy involves the topical administration of corticosteroids and oral antibiotics, but is not completely effective in the management of toxicity...
November 11, 2016: Tumori
Massimiliano Fabozzi, Pia Cirillo, Francesco Corcione
This work is a topic highlight on the surgical treatment of the right colon pathologies, focusing on the literature state of art and comparing the open surgery to the different laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Different laparoscopic procedures have been described for the treatment of right colon tumors: Totally laparoscopic right colectomy, laparoscopic assisted right colectomy, laparoscopic facilitated right colectomy, hand-assisted right colectomy, single incision laparoscopic surgery colectomy, robotic right colectomy...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Markus Rentsch, Tobias Schiergens, Andrej Khandoga, Jens Werner
BACKGROUND: Although colorectal surgery is long established as the mainstay treatment for colon cancer, certain topics regarding technical fine-tuning to increase postsurgical recurrence-free survival have remained a matter of debate throughout the past years. These include complete mesocolic excision (CME), treatment strategies for metastatic disease, significance of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), and surgical techniques for the treatment of colorectal cancer recurrence...
June 2016: Visceral Medicine
Rina Miyawaki, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Koichiro Oka
Newspapers could provide effective and comprehensive information about cancer to the public. The present study conducted a content analysis of cancer-related articles in Japanese newspapers published in 2011. In total, 5,314 articles were identified and subsequently coded. Coding variables included cancer type, the cancer continuum, and topic of articles mentioning cancer. Approximately half mentioned at least one specific type of cancer, with the focus mostly on lung, leukemia, and breast. Stomach and colon cancers, which have the highest morbidity, were relatively underreported...
April 2017: Health Communication
Fernando Galanternik, Gonzalo Recondo, Matías E Valsecchi, Martín Greco, Gonzalo Recondo, Máximo de la Vega, E Diaz Cantón
Colon cancer is a leading cause of cancer related mortality. Until very recently the only existing options that medical oncologists had to treat metastatic colon cancer were a combination of chemotherapy, anti-EGFR and anti-angiogenic agents. We currently have the first proof that immune therapies could be an effective approach to battle colorectal cancers that carry a mismatch repair machinery deficient phenotype. It is expected that as our knowledge of the different mechanisms of immune-resistance grows, this therapeutic modality might soon be applicable to all patients...
2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Atsushi Watanabe
Companion diagnostics (CoDx) will likely continue to rapidly increase in number and application to disease areas including solid tumors, for example EGFR for gefitinib and ALK fusion gene for crizotinib in non-small-cell lung cancer; KRAS against the use of cetuximab and panitumumab in colorectal cancer; HER2 for trastuzumab in breast cancer. CoDx are an indispensable part of personalized medicine and pharmacogenomics. In CoDx development, there are still many challenges, such as the business model promoting cooperation between diagnostics and pharmaceutical companies, and also the regulations related to CoDx...
November 2015: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Oludotun Adebayo Phillips, Monerah Al-Soraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Marcelo Buzzi, Franciele de Freitas, Marcos Winter
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) have a significant impact on patient quality of life. A prospective, descriptive pilot study was conducted between May 2012 and December 2013 through the dermatology outpatient unit in a Brazilian hospital to evaluate the clinical benefits of using Calendula officinalis hydroglycolic extract in the treatment of DFUs. Patients diagnosed with a stable neuropathic ulcer of >3 months' duration; ranging in size from 0.5-40 cm(2); without osteomyelitis, gangrene, bone exposure, cancer, or deep tissue infection; ages 18-90 years; with adequate glycemic control and no history of an allergy to C...
March 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
T A Vermeer, R G Orsini, G A P Nieuwenhuijzen, H J T Rutten, F Daams
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical bowel obstruction in rectal cancer is a common problem, requiring stoma placement to decompress the colon and permit neo-adjuvant treatment. The majority of patients operated on in our hospital are referred; after stoma placement at the referring centre without overseeing final type of surgery. Stoma malpositioning and its effects on rectal cancer care are described. METHODS: All patients who underwent surgery for locally advanced or locally recurrent rectal cancer between 2000 and 2013 in our tertiary referral centre were reviewed and included if they received a stoma before curative surgery...
February 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Yuji Shimamoto, Mamoru Nukatsuka, Teiji Takechi, Masakazu Fukushima
To establish the individualized treatment of patients with colorectal cancer, factors associated with chemotherapeutic effects should be identified. However, to the best of our knowledge, few studies are available on this topic, although it is known that the prognosis of patients and sensitivity to chemotherapy depend on the location of the tumor and that the tumor location is important for individualized treatment. In this study, primary tumors obtained from 1,129 patients with colorectal cancer were used to measure the mRNA expression levels of the following genes associated with the effects of standard chemotherapy for colorectal cancer: 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-related thymidylate synthase (TYMS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) and thymidine phosphorylase (TYMP); folate-related dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), folylpolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) and gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH); irinotecan-related topoisomerase I (TOP1); oxaliplatin-related excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1); biologic agent-related vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
February 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
K Seitz
The successful collaboration among Ultraschall in der Medizin/ European Journal of Ultrasound (UiM/EJU), DEGUM, ÖGUM and SGUM as well as Thieme Verlag was confirmed in the respective general meetings in Davos recently, and it was agreed that such cooperation should continue in coming years. Last year, in discussions with the previous DEGUM board of directors the issue of orientation of the content of UiM/EJU, among other things, was an essential topic. Briefly stated, the constructive criticism was: too much science, too little continuing education...
December 2015: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Denis Maillet, Hui K Gan, Jean-Yves Blay, Benoit You, Julien Péron
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) represent a major source of information on treatment-related adverse events (AEs). In this study, we reviewed the use and the reporting methods of aggregated-AEs (A-AEs) outcomes in RCTs reports published in oncology and compared that to the expectations of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) membership. METHODS: RCTs reports published between 2007 and 2011 were reviewed regarding the reporting of A-AEs-outcomes...
January 2016: European Journal of Cancer
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