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topic related to ovarian cancer

Jennifer L Marino, Helen C McNamara, Martha Hickey
Impaired ovarian function and menopausal symptoms are common after cancer treatment. Menopausal symptoms often occur at an earlier age in women with cancer, and may be more severe than in natural menopause; they may be the most persistent and troubling sequelae of cancer. A third of female patients with cancer report dissatisfaction with the quality and length of physician-patient discussions about reproductive health, including menopause. Systemic menopausal hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, but it is not suitable for all patients after cancer - where it is unsuitable, alternative effective non-hormonal treatments are available...
February 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Liang Ding, Minghui Wang, Dongdong Sun, Ao Li
Accumulating evidences have indicated that lncRNAs play an important role in various human complex diseases. However, known disease-related lncRNAs are still comparatively small in number, and experimental identification is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Therefore, developing a useful computational method for inferring potential associations between lncRNAs and diseases has become a hot topic, which can significantly help people to explore complex human diseases at the molecular level and effectively advance the quality of disease diagnostics, therapy, prognosis and prevention...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paul J Hoskins, Walter H Gotlieb
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Fifteen percent of women with epithelial ovarian cancer have inherited mutations in the BRCA breast cancer susceptibility genes. Knowledge of her BRCA status has value both for the woman and for her family. A therapeutic benefit exists for the woman with cancer, because a new family of oral drugs, the poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, has recently been approved, and these drugs have the greatest efficacy in women who carry the mutation. For her family, there is the potential to prevent ovarian cancer in those carrying the mutation by using risk-reducing surgery...
November 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Evelyn Klein, Matthias W Beckmann, Werner Bader, Cosima Brucker, Gustav Dobos, Dorothea Fischer, Volker Hanf, Annette Hasenburg, Sebastian M Jud, Matthias Kalder, Marion Kiechle, Sherko Kümmel, Andreas Müller, Myrjam-Alice T Müller, Daniela Paepke, Andre-Robert Rotmann, Florian Schütz, Anton Scharl, Petra Voiss, Markus Wallwiener, Claudia Witt, Carolin C Hack
PURPOSE: The growing popularity and acceptance of integrative medicine is evident both among patients and among the oncologists treating them. As little data are available regarding health-care professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to the topic, a nationwide online survey was designed. METHODS: Over a period of 11 weeks (from July 15 to September 30, 2014) a self-administered, 17-item online survey was sent to all 676 members of the Research Group on Gynecological Oncology (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie) in the German Cancer Society...
August 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
M C Chiti, M M Dolmans, C M Lucci, F Paulini, J Donnez, C A Amorim
STUDY QUESTION: Are mouse preantral follicles differently affected by isolation, encapsulation and/or grafting procedures according to stage? SUMMARY ANSWER: Isolated secondary follicles showed superior ability to survive and grow after transplantation, which was not related to a particular effect of the isolation and/or grafting procedure, but rather to their own ability to induce neoangiogenesis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Isolated and encapsulated mouse preantral follicles can survive (6-27%) and grow (80-100%) in a fibrin matrix with a low concentration of fibrinogen and thrombin (F12...
June 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
Alexandra K Zaleta, Robert Neff, Georgia A McCann, David M O'Malley, Kristen M Carpenter
PURPOSE: Oncology practice guidelines recommend incorporating weight management efforts throughout survivorship care; however, some oncologists raise concerns about implementing weight management counseling without damaging patient-provider relationships. This study explores cancer survivors' receptivity to weight management counseling and examines whether views of counseling effectiveness are associated with individual characteristics including health-related perceptions or psychological distress...
May 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Gulcihan Akkuzu, Gonul Kurt, Gulten Guvenc, Gulsah Kok, Sevgi Simsek, Safiye Dogrusoy, Ali Ayhan
To define the learning needs of patients with gynecological oncology. The study was performed as a descriptive study. A total of 92 patients were participated. Data were collected using Patient Learning Needs Scale (PLNS). The Pearson correlation test, independent sample t test, and analysis of one-way of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's-B post hoc tests were used for statistical analyses by the SPSS 15.0 software package. The mean age of women's was 50.37 ± 12.20 years. The women's diagnoses were cervical (45...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
David M Gershenson, A Lindsay Frazier
One of the most extraordinary stories in the chronicles of gynecologic cancers has been that of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Prior to the mid-1960s, most patients died of disease. Fifty years later, most survive. Precisely because high cure rates are achievable, the concentration over the past decade has been on minimizing toxicity and late effects. The present review focuses on five areas of interest related to the management of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors that highlight the different therapeutic strategies practiced by pediatric and gynecologic oncologists: 1) primary surgery, 2) surgery alone (surveillance) for patients with FIGO stage IA disease, 3) postoperative management of FIGO stage IC-III disease, 4) postoperative management of pure immature teratoma, and 5) postoperative management of metastatic pure dysgerminoma...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Jamie Nguyen, Dominic A Solimando, J Aubrey Waddell
The complexity of cancer chemotherapy requires pharmacists be familiar with the complicated regimens and highly toxic agents used. This column reviews various issues related to preparation, dispensing, and administration of antineoplastic therapy, and the agents, both commercially available and investigational, used to treat malignant diseases. Questions or suggestions for topics should be addressed to Dominic A. Solimando, Jr, President, Oncology Pharmacy Services, Inc., 4201 Wilson Blvd #110-545, Arlington, VA 22203, e-mail: OncRxSvc@comcast...
June 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Alexis D Greene, Stephanie A Lang, Jessica A Kendziorski, Julie M Sroga-Rios, Thomas J Herzog, Katherine A Burns
Endometriosis currently affects ~5.5 million reproductive-aged women in the U.S. with symptoms such as painful periods (dysmenorrhea), chronic pelvic pain, pain with intercourse (dyspareunia), and infertility. It is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and is found predominately attached to sites within the peritoneal cavity. Diagnosis for endometriosis is solely made through surgery as no consistent biomarkers for disease diagnosis exist. There is no cure for endometriosis and treatments only target symptoms and not the underlying mechanism(s) of disease...
September 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
D Ahmed-Lecheheb, F Joly
PURPOSE: The assessment of quality of life (QOL) among ovarian cancer (OC) patients has mainly focused on the acute phase of treatment. This systematic review examines studies measuring QOL in patients who survived OC after treatment and synthesizes results in order to assess QOL and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data at long-term follow-up. METHODS: Articles published in English between 1990 to November 2014 were identified with the databases MEDLINE and PubMed, using the specific keywords "OC survivors" combined with the terms, "QOL," "health-related QOL," and "PROs...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Kenneth Jaaback, Nick Johnson, Theresa A Lawrie
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer tends to be chemosensitive and confine itself to the surface of the peritoneal cavity for much of its natural history. These features have made it an obvious target for intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy. Chemotherapy for ovarian cancer is usually given as an intravenous (IV) infusion repeatedly over five to eight cycles. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy is given by infusion of the chemotherapeutic agent directly into the peritoneal cavity. There are biological reasons why this might increase the anticancer effect and reduce some systemic adverse effects in comparison to IV therapy...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Efstathios Zikos, Corneel Coens, Chantal Quinten, Divine E Ediebah, Francesca Martinelli, Irina Ghislain, Madeleine T King, Carolyn Gotay, Jolie Ringash, Galina Velikova, Bryce B Reeve, Eva Greimel, Charles S Cleeland, Henning Flechtner, Martin J B Taphoorn, Joachim Weis, Joseph Schmucker-von Koch, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Andrew Bottomley
BACKGROUND: The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Patient-Reported Outcomes and Behavioural Evidence (PROBE) initiative was established to investigate critical topics to better understand health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of cancer patients and to educate clinicians, policy makers, and healthcare providers. METHODS: The aim of this paper is to review the major research outcomes of the pooled analysis of HRQOL data along with the clinical data...
May 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Theresa A Lawrie, Brett A Winter-Roach, Pauline Heus, Henry C Kitchener
BACKGROUND: This is the second update of the review first published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in 2009, Issue 1. Epithelial ovarian cancer is diagnosed in over 200,000 women worldwide each year. Ten to 20% of women are diagnosed early, when there is still a good possibility of cure. The treatment of early-stage (stage I and IIa) disease involves surgery to remove the disease, often followed by chemotherapy (adjuvant chemotherapy). The largest clinical trials of adjuvant chemotherapy show an overall survival (OS) advantage with platinum-based chemotherapy; however the precise role and type of this treatment in subgroups of women with differing prognoses needs to be defined...
December 17, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ashley J R Carter, Beverly Delarosa, Hannah Hur
BACKGROUND: Ideally, the allocation of research funding for each specific type of cancer should be proportional to its societal burden. This burden can be estimated with the metric 'years of life lost' (YLL), which combines overall mortality and age at death. METHODS: Using United Kingdom data from 2010, we compared research funding from the National Cancer Research Institute to this YLL burden metric for 26 types of cancers in order to identify the discrepancies between cancer research funding allocation and societal burden...
November 2, 2015: Health Research Policy and Systems
Neil F Goodman, Rhoda H Cobin, Walter Futterweit, Jennifer S Glueck, Richard S Legro, Enrico Carmina
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive-aged women around the world. This document, produced by the collaboration of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) and the Androgen Excess and PCOS Society (AES) aims to highlight the most important clinical issues confronting physicians and their patients with PCOS. It is a summary of current best practices in 2015. PCOS has been defined using various criteria, including menstrual irregularity, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM)...
November 2015: Endocrine Practice
S Lheureux, K Karakasis, P Harter, C Scott, M Bacon, J Bryce, N Le Fur, E Pujade-Lauraine, A M Oza
PURPOSE: Given the implications for clinical care and prevention in identifying a BRCA1/2 mutation, the objective of this study was to determine current BRCA1/2 testing practices in ovarian cancer and to identify future directions. METHODS: Two parallel complementary web-based surveys were sent by email to representatives of Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup (GCIG) and to referral centers in countries with and without GCIG membership. Questions posed addressed indications of BRCA1/2 testing for ovarian cancer; the implication of genetic counseling; and prevention strategies employed...
January 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson, Osama A Tashani, Anne-Marie Bagnall
BACKGROUND: Forty per cent of individuals with early or intermediate stage cancer and 90% with advanced cancer have moderate to severe pain and up to 70% of patients with cancer pain do not receive adequate pain relief. It has been claimed that acupuncture has a role in management of cancer pain and guidelines exist for treatment of cancer pain with acupuncture. This is an updated version of a Cochrane Review published in Issue 1, 2011, on acupuncture for cancer pain in adults. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of acupuncture for relief of cancer-related pain in adults...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M Shimokawa, M Ohki, T Kaku
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: The authors examined the relation between post-progression survival (PPS) and overall survival (OS) in phase III trials of first-line chemotherapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors partitioned OS into progression-free survival (PFS) and PPS and evaluated the relation between OS and either PFS or PPS. They also examined whether any association might be affected by the year of completion of trial enrollment...
2015: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
N Keum, D H Lee, N Marchand, H Oh, H Liu, D Aune, D C Greenwood, E L Giovannucci
Evidence suggests that egg intake may be implicated in the aetiology of sex hormone-related cancers. However, dose-response relationships between egg intake and such cancers are unclear. Thus, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarise the dose-response relationships between egg consumption and the risk of breast, prostate and gynaecological cancers. A literature search was performed using PubMed and Embase up to April 2015 to identify relevant prospective observational studies. Summary relative risk (RR) and 95% CI were estimated using a random-effects model...
October 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
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