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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350383/which-position-should-we-take-during-newborn-resuscitation-a-prospective-randomized-multicentre-simulation-trial
#1
Jacek Smereka, Halla Kaminska, Wojciech Wieczorek, Marek Dabrowski, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Kurt Ruetzler, Lukasz Szarpak, Oliver Robak, Michael Frass
BACKGROUND: Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for cardiac arrest is crucial in the chain of survival. Cardiac arrest in infants is rare but CPR is also performed in severe bradycardia. The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend starting CPR and continuing it until the heart muscle is sufficiently oxygenated and regains sufficient contractility and function. Among the techniques of CPR that can be applied in newborns, the most common and therefore recommended by the ERC and AHA are the two-finger technique and two-thumb technique...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349715/-sex-is-a-sin-afro-caribbean-parent-and-teen-perspectives-on-sex-conversations
#2
Kemesha S Gabbidon, Mary Shaw-Ridley
This study characterized (a) mothers' childhood and teenage experiences with sex conversations and (b) families' perceptions of current parent-child sex conversations within two underserved Afro-Caribbean communities in the U.S. Fourteen dyads comprised of Haitian and Jamaican mothers and teens (aged 14-18) living in Miami, Florida, completed semi-structured interviews sharing their experiences with sex conversations. Researchers analyzed data using thematic content analysis. Mothers' mean age was 41.85 years, (SD = 5...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#3
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330768/comorbid-insomnia-symptoms-predict-lower-6-month-adherence-to-cpap-in-us-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Douglas M Wallace, A M Sawyer, S Shafazand
PURPOSE: There is limited information on the association between pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence in veterans with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our aims were to describe demographic and sleep characteristics of veterans with and without comorbid insomnia and determine whether pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs predict CPAP use after 6 months of therapy. METHODS: Hispanic veterans attending the Miami VA sleep clinic were recruited and completed the insomnia severity index, the dysfunctional sleep belief and attitude scale (DBAS), and other questionnaires...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301050/field-detection-of-drugs-of-abuse-in-oral-fluid-using-the-alere%C3%A2-dds%C3%A2-2-mobile-test-system-with-confirmation-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-ms
#5
Alex J Krotulski, Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Barry K Logan
The collection and analysis of drugs in oral fluid (OF) at the roadside has become more feasible with the introduction of portable testing devices such as the Alere™ DDS®2 Mobile Test System (DDS®2). The objective of this study was to compare the on-site results for the DDS®2 to laboratory-based confirmatory assays with respect to detection of drugs of abuse in human subjects. As part of a larger Institutional Review Board approved study, two OF samples were collected from each participant at a music festival in Miami, FL, USA...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300352/risk-assessment-for-children-exposed-to-arsenic-on-baseball-fields-with-contaminated-fill-material
#6
Alesia C Ferguson, Jennifer C Black, Isaac B Sims, Jennifer N Welday, Samir M Elmir, Kendra F Goff, J Mark Higginbotham, Helena M Solo-Gabriele
Children can be exposed to arsenic through play areas which may have contaminated fill material from historic land use. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the risk to children who play and/or spend time at baseball fields with soils shown to have arsenic above background levels. Arsenic in soils at the study sites located in Miami, FL, USA showed distinct distributions between infield, outfield, and areas adjacent to the fields. Using best estimates of exposure factors for children baseball scenarios, results show that non-cancer risks depend most heavily upon the age of the person and the arsenic exposure level...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294683/geodemographic-disparities-in-availability-of-comprehensive-intimate-partner-violence-screening-services-in-miami-dade-county-florida
#7
Justin Stoler, Jaclyn Verity, Jessica R Williams
This study examined geodemographic factors associated with availability of comprehensive intimate partner violence (IPV) screening services in Miami-Dade County, Florida. We geocoded 2014 survey data from 278 health facilities and created a population-normalized density surface of IPV screening comprehensiveness. We used correlation analysis and spatial regression techniques to evaluate census tract-level predictors of the mean normalized comprehensiveness score (NCS) for 505 census tracts in Miami-Dade. The population-adjusted density surface of IPV screening comprehensiveness revealed geographic disparities in the availability of screening services...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290019/trends-in-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-childhood-asthma-in-miami-florida-2005-2013
#8
Consuelo M Beck-Sague, Alejandro Arrieta, M Claudia Pinzon-Iregui, Benjamin Ortiz, Andrew G Dean, Andrew Cuddihy, Janvier Gasana
Nationally, racial and ethnic disparities in childhood asthma plateaued from 2005 to 2013. We assessed trends in childhood asthma in Miami, Florida using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data and emergency department (ED) utilization and hospitalization rates by zip code population characteristics. Asthma prevalence in Miami did not vary significantly by race/ethnicity in YRBSS respondents in 2005 (16.2-17.2%, all groups), but rose in African-Americans and Hispanics and declined in Whites by 2013 to 27...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289869/the-role-of-acculturation-and-binge-drinking-on-smoking-status-among-mexican-americans-comparison-by-border-residence
#9
Frank C Bandiera, Patrice A C Vaeth, Raul Caetano, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
BACKGROUND: Border Mexican Americans (MA) are exposed to poverty and under-education, all of which are predictors of cigarette smoking. METHODS: This study analyzed two epidemiologic surveys among border and non-border MA. In the border sample, interviews were conducted in urban areas of U.S.-Mexico border counties of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The non-border sample consisted of respondents interviewed in Los Angeles, Houston, New York, Philadelphia, and Miami...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284295/perceptions-of-cancer-risk-efficacy-and-cancer-related-risk-behaviors-results-from-the-hchs-sol-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#10
Rina S Fox, Sarah D Mills, Scott C Roesch, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Patricia Gonzalez, Venera Bekteshi, Jianwen Cai, David W Lounsbury, Gregory A Talavera, Frank J Penedo, Vanessa L Malcarne
This study evaluated the associations among perceived risk, perceived efficacy, and engagement in six cancer-related risk behaviors in a population-based Hispanic/Latino sample. Interviews were conducted with 5,313 Hispanic/Latino adults as part of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Participants were recruited from the study's four field centers (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; San Diego, CA) between February 2010 and June 2011. Perceived risk and perceived efficacy were assessed with questions drawn from the Health Interview National Trends Survey...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283468/noninvasive-electrical-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-ocular-pain-and-photophobia
#11
Eellan Sivanesan, Roy C Levitt, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Dennis Patin, Anat Galor
INTRODUCTION: "Dry eye" or "keratoconjunctivitis sicca" is a multifactorial disease estimated to have a worldwide prevalence of 5-33%. Conventional therapies targeting the ocular surface with artificial tears, anti-inflammatories, punctal closure, eyelid hygiene, and antibiotics do not provide relief in all patients, especially those with neuropathic-like ocular complaints (wind hyperalgesia and photophobia). We anticipated that ocular transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) would alleviate symptoms of ocular pain, photophobia, and dryness in these latter individuals...
December 28, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275448/the-impact-of-race-on-survival-after-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-diverse-american-population
#12
Patricia D Jones, Carlos Diaz, Danlu Wang, Joselin Gonzalez-Diaz, Paul Martin, Erin Kobetz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) incidence is increasing at differential rates depending on race. We aimed to identify associations between race and survival after HCC diagnosis in a diverse American population. METHODS: Using the cancer registry from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami and Jackson Memorial Hospitals, we performed retrospective analysis of 999 patients diagnosed with HCC between 9/24/2004 and 12/19/2014...
December 23, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260671/zika-virus-testing-and-outcomes-during-pregnancy-florida-usa-2016
#13
Colette Shiu, Rebecca Starker, Jaclyn Kwal, Michelle Bartlett, Anise Crane, Samantha Greissman, Naiomi Gunaratne, Meghan Lardy, Michelle Picon, Patricia Rodriguez, Ivan Gonzalez, Christine L Curry
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can lead to congenital Zika syndrome. Implementation of screening programs and interpretation of test results can be particularly challenging during ongoing local mosquitoborne transmission. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 2,327 pregnant women screened for Zika virus in Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA, during 2016. Of these, 86 had laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection; we describe 2 infants with probable congenital Zika syndrome. Delays in receipt of laboratory test results (median 42 days) occurred during the first month of local transmission...
January 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260373/minority-veterans-are-more-willing-to-participate-in-complex-studies-compared-to-non-minorities
#14
Leonardo Tamariz, Irene Kirolos, Fiorella Pendola, Erin N Marcus, Olveen Carrasquillo, Jimmy Rivadeneira, Ana Palacio
BACKGROUND: Minorities are an underrepresented population in clinical trials. A potential explanation for this underrepresentation could be lack of willingness to participate. The aim of our study was to evaluate willingness to participate in different hypothetical clinical research scenarios and to evaluate the role that predictors (e.g. health literacy) could have on the willingness of minorities to participate in clinical research studies. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study at the Miami VA Healthcare system and included primary care patients with hypertension...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249173/long-term-prospective-memory-impairment-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-loss-of-consciousness-findings-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#15
Marc Bedard, Vanessa Taler, Jason Steffener
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the extent to which loss of consciousness (LOC) following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may be associated with impairments in time- and event-based prospective memory (PM). PM is thought to involve executive processes and be subserved by prefrontal regions. Neuroimaging research suggests alterations to these areas of the brain several years after mTBI, particularly if LOC was experienced. However, it remains unclear whether impairments in time- or event-based functioning may persist more than a year after mTBI, and what the link with duration of LOC may be...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248166/high-temporal-resolution-modeling-of-the-impact-of-rain-tides-and-sea-level-rise-on-water-table-flooding-in-the-arch-creek-basin-miami-dade-county-florida-usa
#16
Michael C Sukop, Martina Rogers, Greg Guannel, Johnna M Infanti, Katherine Hagemann
Modeling of groundwater levels in a portion of the low-lying coastal Arch Creek basin in northern Miami-Dade County in Southeast Florida USA, which is subject to repetitive flooding, reveals that rain-induced short-term water table rises can be viewed as a primary driver of flooding events under current conditions. Areas below 0.9m North American Vertical Datum (NAVD) elevation are particularly vulnerable and areas below 1.5m NAVD are vulnerable to exceptionally large rainfall events. Long-term water table rise is evident in the groundwater data, and the rate appears to be consistent with local rates of sea level rise...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225157/the-effect-of-amniotic-membrane-grafting-on-healing-and-wound-strength-after-strabismus-surgery-in-a-rabbit-model
#17
Jeffrey B Kennedy, Marissa B Larochelle, Michelle G Pedler, J Mark Petrash, Robert W Enzenauer
BACKGROUND: Amniotic membrane grafts (AMGs) are used, with mixed results, as a platform for ocular healing and to reduce pathologic scarring. This study evaluated wound tensile strength and histopathologic changes after strabismus surgery with AMGs in 20 New Zealand white rabbits. METHODS: All subjects underwent 4 mm inferior rectus hang-back recessions to both eyes. The right eyes served as controls. Ten left eyes (group 1) received processed dehydrated amniotic membrane allografts (Ambiodry2, IOP Inc, Costa Mesa, CA) and ten left eyes (group 2) received cryopreserved human amniotic membrane allografts (AmnioGraft, Bio-Tissue, Miami, FL) between the sclera and muscle insertion and between the muscle and repositioned conjunctiva...
December 7, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218476/google-trends-as-a-resource-for-informing-plastic-surgery-marketing-decisions
#18
Brittany Ward, Max Ward, Boris Paskhover
BACKGROUND: Celebrities have long influenced the medical decisions of the general population. By analyzing Google search data using Google Trends, we measured the impact of highly publicized plastic surgery-related events on the interest level of the general population in specific search terms. Additionally, we investigated seasonal and geographic trends around interest in rhinoplasties, which is information that physicians and small surgical centers can use to optimize marketing decisions...
December 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217676/improvements-in-outcomes-and-disparities-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-care-the-miami-dade-county-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-network-project
#19
Abdulla A Damluji, Robert J Myerburg, Vasutakarn Chongthammakun, Theodore Feldman, Donald G Rosenberg, Kathleen S Schrank, Frederick M Keroff, Marc Grossman, Mauricio G Cohen, Mauro Moscucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206730/understanding-the-impact-of-fluid-restriction-on-growth-outcomes-in-infants-following-cardiac-surgery
#20
Melissa Li, Adriana Campa, Fatma G Huffman, Anthony F Rossi
OBJECTIVE: Fluid restriction is reported to be a barrier in providing adequate nutrition following cardiac surgery. The specific aim of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of nutritional intake during the postoperative period using anthropometrics by comparing preoperative weight status, as measured by weight-for-age z scores, to weight status at discharge home. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cardiac ICU at Miami Children's Hospital...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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