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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773769/weathering-us-cuba-political-storms-jos%C3%A3-rubiera-phd-cuba-s-chief-weather-forecaster
#1
Gail Reed
Full disclosure: chief weather forecaster is not his official title, but rather one affectionally conferred on Dr Rubiera by the Cuban people, who look to him not only in times of peril, but also to learn about the science of meteorology. Anyone who has taken a taxi in Cuba during hurricane season (June 1 to November 30), and bothered to ask the driver, will receive a clear explanation about how hurricanes are formed, what the Saffir-Simpson scale is all about, and how the season is shaping up-all courtesy of Dr Rubiera's talent for communication during nightly weather forecasts and special broadcasts...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773458/outcomes-of-conventional-phacoemulsification-versus-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy
#2
Dagny C Zhu, Parth Shah, William J Feuer, Wei Shi, Ellen H Koo
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes in eyes with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy after standard phacoemulsification with those of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. SETTING: Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts from patients diagnosed with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between January 1, 2014, and January 1, 2017, were reviewed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771790/patterns-and-correlates-of-participant-retention-in-a-multi-city-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-demonstration-project
#3
Susanne Doblecki-Lewis, Albert Y Liu, Daniel J Feaster, Stephanie E Cohen, Richard Elion, Oliver Bacon, Megan Coleman, Gabriel Cardenas, Michael A Kolber
BACKGROUND: Safe and effective use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) depends on retention in care after initial engagement. SETTING: The United States PrEP Demonstration Project offered daily oral tenofovir/emtricitabine to participants in San Francisco, Miami, and Washington, D.C. for 48 weeks from 2012-2014. METHODS: Demo Project participants' patterns of retention were assigned to one of three categories: early loss to follow-up (ELTF) within the first 12 weeks of the study, retention throughout the study, or intermittent retention in which missed or delayed visits resulted in gaps in medication availability...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769105/ornamental-bromeliads-of-miami-dade-county-florida-are-important-breeding-sites-for-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae
#4
André B B Wilke, Chalmers Vasquez, Paul J Mauriello, John C Beier
BACKGROUND: A major public health concern is the emergence and geographical spread of vector-borne diseases such as Zika and yellow fever. Ornamental bromeliads retaining water in their leaf axils represent potential breeding sites for mosquitoes. As the role of ornamental bromeliads in breeding Aedes aegypti in Miami-Dade County, Florida is unknown, we hypothesize that ornamental bromeliads are important breeding sites for Ae. aegypti. Our objective was to survey bromeliads in areas with high densities of adult Ae...
May 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748961/growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-receptor-antagonists-modify-molecular-machinery-in-the-progression-of-prostate-cancer
#5
Laura Muñoz-Moreno, Andrew V Schally, Juan C Prieto, M José Carmena, Ana M Bajo
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies should be designed to transform aggressive prostate cancer phenotypes to a chronic situation. To evaluate the effects of the new growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRH-R) antagonists: MIA-602, MIA-606, and MIA-690 on processes associated with cancer progression as cell proliferation, adhesion, migration, and angiogenesis. METHODS: We used three human prostate cell lines (RWPE-1, LNCaP, and PC3). We analyzed several molecules such as E-cadherin, β-catenin, Bcl2, Bax, p53, MMP2, MMP9, PCNA, and VEGF and signaling mechanisms that are involved on effects exerted by GHRH-R antagonists...
May 10, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713370/sov_refine-a-further-refined-definition-of-segment-overlap-score-and-its-significance-for-protein-structure-similarity
#6
Tong Liu, Zheng Wang
Background: The segment overlap score (SOV) has been used to evaluate the predicted protein secondary structures, a sequence composed of helix (H), strand (E), and coil (C), by comparing it with the native or reference secondary structures, another sequence of H, E, and C. SOV's advantage is that it can consider the size of continuous overlapping segments and assign extra allowance to longer continuous overlapping segments instead of only judging from the percentage of overlapping individual positions as Q3 score does...
2018: Source Code for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705630/impact-of-change-in-neighborhood-racial-ethnic-segregation-on-cardiovascular-health-in-minority-youth-attending-a-park-based-afterschool-program
#7
Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Zafar Ahmed, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Maria I Nardi, Sarah E Messiah
Research on the mechanistic factors associating racial/ethnic residential segregation with health is needed to identify effective points of intervention to ultimately reduce health disparities in youth. We examined the association of changes in racial/ethnic segregation and cardiovascular health outcomes including body mass index percentile, sum of skinfold thicknesses, systolic and diastolic blood pressure percentile, and 400 m run time in non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Hispanic youth (n = 2,250, mean age 9...
March 27, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691205/developing-sustainable-and-impactful-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-interventions-for-spanish-speaking-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-informative-interviews
#8
Jason Mitchell, Maria Beatriz Torres, Lucy Asmar, Thu Danh, Keith J Horvath
BACKGROUND: Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) test for HIV at least once in their lifetime, opportunities to improve regular HIV testing, particularly among Hispanic or Latino MSM, is needed. Many mHealth interventions in development, including the ones on HIV testing, have primarily focused on English-speaking white, black, and MSM of other races. To date, no studies have assessed app use, attitudes, and motivations for downloading and sustaining use of mobile apps and preferences with respect to HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking, Hispanic MSM in the United States...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682308/highlights-from-the-8-th-international-workshop-on-hiv-persistence-during-therapy-12-15-december-2017-miami-fl-usa
#9
EDITORIAL
Christina K Psomas, Alain Lafeuillade, David Margolis, Karl Salzwedel, Mario Stevenson, Nicolas Chomont, Guido Poli, Jean-Pierre Routy
Over 4 days, more than 500 scientists involved in HIV persistence research shared their new unpublished data and designed future perspectives towards ART-free HIV remission. This 8th International Workshop on HIV Persistence followed the format of past conferences but further focused on encouraging participation of young investigators, especially through submission of oral and poster presentations. The topic of the workshop was HIV persistence. Consequently, issues of HIV reservoirs and HIV cure were also addressed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677012/inverse-correlation-between-daily-outdoor-temperature-and-blood-pressure-in-six-us-cities
#10
Jennifer M Radin, Daniel Neems, Ross Goglia, Khan Siddiqui, Steven R Steinhubl
This study aims to evaluate the relationship between mean outdoor temperature and mean daily blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) among six, large, geographically and climatically diverse US cities. We collected BP and HR data from Higi stations, located in a wide range of neighborhood grocery stores and retail pharmacies, from six US cities (Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Boise, Chicago, and New York City). Outdoor daily temperature data were collected from the National Centers for Environmental Information's database...
April 19, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601402/risk-factors-for-anal-dysplasia-in-transgender-women-a-retrospective-chart-review
#11
Lydia A Fein, Isabella Rosa Cunha, Brian Slomovitz, JoNell Potter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and anal dysplasia among a cohort of transgender women (TGW). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted based on electronic medical records of TGW patients seen in the University of Miami Health System between 2010 and 2016. Outcome measures included risk factors of anal dysplasia, including HIV infection, receptive anal intercourse, and smoking history...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600118/automated-method-of-grading-vitreous-haze-in-patients-with-uveitis-for-clinical-trials
#12
Christopher L Passaglia, Tia Arvaneh, Erin Greenberg, David Richards, Brian Madow
Purpose: Uveitis is associated with accumulation of exudate in the vitreous, which reduces fundus visibility. The condition is assessed in patients by subjectively matching fundus photographs to a six-level (NIH) or nine-level (Miami) haze scale. This study aimed to develop an objective method of assessing vitreous haze. Methods: An image-processing algorithm was designed that quantifies vitreous haze via high-pass filtering, entropy analysis, and power spectrum integration...
March 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596100/determination-of-geolocations-for-anesthesia-specialty-coverage-and-standby-call-allowing-return-to-the-hospital-within-a-specified-amount-of-time
#13
Richard H Epstein, Franklin Dexter, Christian Diez, Paul Potnuru
BACKGROUND: For emergent procedures, in-house teams are required for immediate patient care. However, for many procedures, there is time to bring in a call team from home without increasing patient morbidity. Anesthesia providers taking subspecialty or backup call from home are required to return to the hospital within a designated number of minutes. Driving times to the hospital during the hours of call need to be considered when deciding where to live or to visit during such calls. Distance alone is an insufficient criterion because of variable traffic congestion and differences in highway access...
March 27, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596036/provider-perspectives-on-the-collection-of-social-determinants-of-health
#14
Ana Palacio, David Seo, Heidy Medina, Vivek Singh, Maritza Suarez, Leonardo Tamariz
Social determinants of health (SDH) impact health outcomes. Medical centers have begun to collect SDH data, urged by government and scientific entities. Provider perspectives on collecting SDH are unknown. The aim is to understand differences in views and preferences according to provider characteristics. A cross-sectional survey of University of Miami clinical faculty was conducted in late 2016. The survey contained 11 questions: 8 demographic and departmental responsibilities questions and 3 Likert scale questions to capture collection and use of SDH perspectives...
March 29, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595610/accreditation-s-role-in-bolstering-resilience-in-the-face-of-the-zika-virus-outbreak
#15
Celeste Philip, Kelli T Wells, Russell Eggert, Jennifer Elmore, Reynald Jean, Jennifer Johnson, Jeanne Lane, Ximena Lopez, Lillian Rivera, Elmir Samir, Natasha Strokin, Yesenia Villalta, Rene Ynestroza
The Florida Department of Health (Department) received accreditation status as an integrated public health system from the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) in 2 phases: the State Health Office received accreditation in June 2014 and the 67 county health departments received accreditation in March 2016. Six weeks after PHAB awarded accreditation to the Department as an integrated public health system in March 2016, the World Health Organization declared the Zika outbreak in the Americas a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
May 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582461/short-anagen-syndrome-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
Kate E Oberlin, Austin J Maddy, María Abril Martínez-Velasco, Norma Elizabeth Vázquez-Herrera, Lawrence A Schachner, Antonella Tosti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Short anagen syndrome is a hair cycle disorder usually diagnosed in early childhood and characterized by short hair length due to short duration of the anagen phase. The objective was to review the presentation and demographic characteristics of short anagen syndrome and compare them with the most common differential diagnosis, loose anagen syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective review of eight children with short anagen syndrome was performed at the University of Miami Outpatient Dermatology Clinic...
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578848/the-additional-costs-per-month-of-progression-free-survival-and-overall-survival-an-economic-model-comparing-everolimus-with-cabozantinib-nivolumab-and-axitinib-for-second-line-treatment-of-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#17
Elyse Swallow, Andrew Messali, Sameer Ghate, Evangeline McDonald, Emilie Duchesneau, Jose Ricardo Perez
BACKGROUND: When considering optimal second-line treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), clinicians and payers seek to understand the relative clinical benefits and costs of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To use an economic model to compare the additional cost per month of overall survival (OS) and of progression-free survival (PFS) for cabozantinib, nivolumab, and axitinib with everolimus for the second-line treatment of mRCC from a third-party U.S. payer perspective...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553989/a-comparative-study-of-central-corneal-epithelial-stromal-and-total-thickness-in-males-with-and-without-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#18
Hatim Batawi, Ivonne Valentina Lollett, Cima Maliakal, Sarah R Wellik, Michael Anderson, William Feuer, Carol L Karp, Anat Galor
PURPOSE: To compare the central corneal epithelial thickness (CET), stromal thickness (CST), and total thickness (CCT) in males with and without primary open-angle glaucoma and to determine the factors associated with corneal thickness. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to evaluate 116 male patients at the Miami Veterans Affair Medical Center. Subjects with available anterior segment optical coherence tomography images (Cirrus HD-OCT, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin, CA) were retrospectively classified into 2 groups by glaucoma status...
March 16, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551952/environmental-injustice-and-flood-risk-a-conceptual-model-and-case-comparison-of-metropolitan-miami-and-houston-usa
#19
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Jayajit Chakraborty
This article outlines a conceptual model and comparatively applies it to results from environmental justice (EJ) studies of flood risk in the Miami, Florida, and Houston, Texas, metropolitan areas. In contrast to most EJ studies of air pollution, which have found that socially-vulnerable groups experience disproportionate risk, distributive EJ studies of flooding reveal inconsistent findings regarding the relationship between social vulnerability and flood exposure. Counterintuitively (from a conventional EJ perspective), some pre-flood EJ studies have found that socially-advantaged people experience the highest residential exposure to flood risks...
February 2018: Regional Environmental Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550906/stress-and-resilience-key-correlates-of-mental-health-and-substance-use-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-of-latino-youth
#20
Krista M Perreira, Ashley N Marchante, Seth J Schwartz, Carmen R Isasi, Mercedes R Carnethon, Heather L Corliss, Robert C Kaplan, Daniel A Santisteban, Denise C Vidot, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater
This study examined associations of immigrant generation, acculturation, and sources of stress and resilience with four outcomes-depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms, alcohol susceptibility, and smoking susceptibility. We used data from 1466 youth (ages 8-16) enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth), a probability sample of Hispanic/Latino youth living in Chicago (IL), Miami (FL), Bronx (NY), and San Diego (CA). We found no evidence of an immigrant paradox. Greater children's acculturative stress was associated with depression/anxiety symptoms; greater parent's acculturative stress was associated with smoking susceptibility...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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