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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218361/arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-in-patients-with-permanent-access-created-prior-to-or-after-hemodialysis-initiation
#1
Juan C Duque, Laisel Martinez, Marwan Tabbara, Denise Dvorquez, Sushil K Mehandru, Arif Asif, Roberto I Vazquez-Padron, Loay H Salman
INTRODUCTION: Multiple factors and comorbidities have been implicated in the ability of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) to mature, including vessel anatomy, advanced age, and the presence of coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease. However, little is known about the role of uremia on AVF primary failure. In this study, we attempt to evaluate the effect of uremia on AVF maturation by comparing AVF outcomes between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage five patients and those who had their AVF created after hemodialysis (HD) initiation...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211362/marrow-isolated-adult-multilineage-inducible-cells-embedded-within-a-biologically-inspired-construct-promote-recovery-in-a-mouse-model-of-peripheral-vascular-disease
#2
Cristina Grau-Monge, Gaëtan J-R Delcroix, Andrea Bonnin-Marquez, Mike Valdes, Ead Lewis Mazen Awadallah, Daniel F Quevedo, Maxime R Armour, Ramon B Montero, Paul C Schiller, Fotios M Andreopoulos, Gianluca D'Ippolito
Peripheral vascular disease is one of the major vascular complications in individuals suffering from diabetes and in the elderly that is associated with significant burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. Stem cell therapy is being tested as an attractive alternative to traditional surgery to prevent and treat this disorder. The goal of this study was to enhance the protective and reparative potential of marrow-isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells by incorporating them within a bio-inspired construct (BIC) made of two layers of gelatin B electrospun nanofibers...
February 17, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207330/parent-centered-prevention-of-risky-behaviors-among-hispanic-youths-in-florida
#3
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Shi Huang, Maria I Tapia, Maria-Rosa Velázquez, Marcos J Martinez, Hilda Pantin, Manuel A Ocasio, Denise C Vidot, Lourdes Molleda, Juan Villamar, Bryan A Stepanenko, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based, parent-centered intervention, Familias Unidas, delivered by nonresearch personnel, in preventing substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs) and sex without a condom among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (n = 746) evaluated the effectiveness of Familias Unidas among Hispanic eighth graders (age range = 12-16 years), relative to prevention as usual, within a public school system...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#4
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#5
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181961/the-association-of-dry-eye-symptom-severity-and-comorbid-insomnia-in-us-veterans
#6
Anat Galor, Benjamin E Seiden, Jasmine J Park, William J Feuer, Allison L McClellan, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Douglas M Wallace
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between dry eye (DE) and insomnia symptom severity. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 187 individuals seen in the Miami Veterans Affairs eye clinic. An evaluation was performed consisting of questionnaires regarding insomnia (insomnia severity index [ISI]) and DE symptoms, including ocular pain, followed by a comprehensive ocular surface examination. Using a two-step cluster analysis based on intensity ratings of ocular pain, the patient population was divided into two groups (high and low ocular pain groups: HOP and LOP)...
January 6, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181960/barriers-to-glaucoma-medication-compliance-among-veterans-dry-eye-symptoms-and-anxiety-disorders
#7
Jack Stringham, Noy Ashkenazy, Anat Galor, Sarah R Wellik
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to compliance of medical treatment for glaucoma among veterans. METHODS: Patients with glaucoma from the Miami Veterans Affairs Eye Clinic (n=74) filled out a 63-question survey regarding dry eye symptoms, concurrent systemic disease, and medications. The association between glaucoma medical compliance was defined as self-reported adherence to drop regimens greater than 75% of the time. RESULTS: Eighty percent of veterans (n=59) reported compliance with glaucoma therapy...
January 6, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181031/psychosocial-aspects-associated-with-use-of-sunscreen-natural-sunlight-exposure-and-artificial-tanning
#8
Jessica Ventenilla, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Jonette Keri
Natural and artificial tanning have become very popular in Western culture, yet at the same time, there is still a psychodermatology concern for this activity. Not much has been examined with the psychological aspects of tanning and sunscreen use. The purpose of this study is to examine the psychosocial effects associated with sun protection, natural, and artificial tanning among individuals 18 years old or older visiting the University of Miami Dermatology Outpatient Clinic. We distributed a survey on tanning and sunscreen use to 150 dermatology outpatients, hospital employees, and hospital visitors for three weeks during June/July 2015 asking about how often they tan, use sunscreen, and how they feel about this topic...
February 8, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178967/geo-demographics-of-gunshot-wound-injuries-in-miami-dade-county-2002-2012
#9
Laura Zebib, Justin Stoler, Tanya L Zakrison
BACKGROUND: We evaluated correlates of gunshot wound (GSW) injuries in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Firearm-related injury has previously been linked to socio- and geo-demographic indicators such as occupation, income, neighborhood and race in other metropolitan areas, but remains understudied in Miami. METHODS: We reviewed 4,547 cases from a Level I trauma center's patient registry involving an intentional firearm-related injury occurring from 2002 to 2012. During this eleven-year study period, this trauma center was the only one in Miami-Dade County, and thus representative of countywide injuries...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159731/a-prospective-multicenter-single-blind-study-assessing-indices-of-snap-ii-versus-bis-vista-on-surgical-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#10
Sergio D Bergese, Alberto A Uribe, Erika G Puente, R-Jay L Marcus, Randall J Krohn, Steven Docsa, Roy G Soto, Keith A Candiotti
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, anesthesiologists have relied on nonspecific subjective and objective physical signs to assess patients' comfort level and depth of anesthesia. Commercial development of electrical monitors, which use low- and high-frequency electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, have been developed to enhance the assessment of patients' level of consciousness. Multiple studies have shown that monitoring patients' consciousness levels can help in reducing drug consumption, anesthesia-related adverse events, and recovery time...
February 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130121/synthesis-and-structure-activity-studies-on-novel-analogs-of-human-growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-ghrh-with-enhanced-inhibitory-activities-on-tumor-growth
#11
Marta Zarandi, Renzhi Cai, Magdolna Kovacs, Petra Popovics, Luca Szalontay, Tengjiao Cui, Wei Sha, Miklos Jaszberenyi, Jozsef Varga, XianYang Zhang, Norman L Block, Ferenc G Rick, Gabor Halmos, Andrew V Schally
The syntheses and biological evaluations of new GHRH analogs of Miami (MIA) series with greatly increased anticancer activity are described. In the design and synthesis of these analogs, the following previous substitutions were conserved: D-Arg(2), Har(9), Abu(15), and Nle(27). Most new analogs had Ala at position 8. Since replacements of both Lys(12) and Lys(21) with Orn increased resistance against enzymatic degradation, these modifications were kept. The substitutions of Arg at both positions 11 and 20 by His were also conserved...
January 24, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105330/genetic-markers-associated-with-resistance-to-beta-lactam-and-quinolone-antimicrobials-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-humans-and-animals-in-central-ethiopia
#12
Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A Gebreyes, John S Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased significantly in the recent years. However, little is known on the genetic basis of resistance to these drugs in Salmonella isolates from Ethiopia. METHODS: Salmonella isolates with reduced susceptibility to beta-lactams (n = 43) were tested for genes encoding for beta-lactamase enzymes, and those resistant to quinolones (n = 29) for mutations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) as well as plasmid mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes using PCR and sequencing...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100479/evidence-of-central-sensitisation-in-those-with-dry-eye-symptoms-and-neuropathic-like-ocular-pain-complaints-incomplete-response-to-topical-anaesthesia-and-generalised-heightened-sensitivity-to-evoked-pain
#13
Ashley M Crane, William Feuer, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, Allison L McClellan, Konstantinos D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how closely neuropathic-like ocular pain (NOP) symptoms align with a metric of central sensitisation (ie, the presence of persistent ocular pain after topical anaesthetic placement) in individuals with dry eye (DE) symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 224 individuals with DE symptoms seen in the Miami Veterans Affairs eye clinic. An evaluation was performed consisting of questionnaires regarding DE symptoms, NOP descriptors and evoked pain sensitivity testing on the forehead and forearm, followed by a comprehensive ocular surface examination including corneal mechanical sensitivity testing...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063278/combined-anterolateral-thigh-and-tensor-fasciae-latae-flaps-an-option-for-reconstruction-of-large-head-and-neck-defects
#14
Ramzey Tursun, Hisham Marwan, J Marshall Green, Fawaz Alotaibi, Andre LeDoux
PURPOSE: The advent of microvascular free tissue transfer has provided the reconstructive surgeon with an enormous array of treatment options for reconstruction of large head and neck defects. However, when indicated by defect size, the need for more than 1 flap not only increases surgical complexity but also patient morbidity. The combination of the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap and the tensor fascia latae (TFL) flap can be used to reconstruct such complex head and neck defects, thereby minimizing any additional morbidity that would be imposed by an additional flap harvest site...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062872/hepatotoxicity-by-herbs-a-practical-review-of-a-neglected-disease
#15
Jean A Donet, Kay Sornmayura, Matthew Gulau, Eugene Schiff
Herbs are commonly used worldwide for the treatment of various diseases, constituting a multi-billion dollar market. Unfortunately, hepatotoxicity induced by herbs is also common. The true incidence and prevalence are not known. There is need for more strict regulations andexperimental and pre-clinical studies regarding its efficacy and safety. There is no gold standard for the diagnosis of herbs-induced liver injury (HILI) and it constitutes a diagnostic challenge for the clinician, whereestablishing causality could be cumbersome...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035647/offending-behavior-drug-use-and-mental-health-among-foreign-born-versus-u-s-born-latino-criminal-justice-clients
#16
Gladys E Ibañez, Michelle Agudo, Steve S Martin, Daniel J O'Connell, Rehab Auf, Diana M Sheehan
Little is known about the offending behavior and recidivism factors of Latinos by nativity (U.S. born, foreign-born). The present study focused on Latinos in community corrections (n = 201) in Miami, Florida, and examined differences in criminal activity, drug use, and mental health by nativity. Data were collected utilizing convenience sampling between June 2014 and December 2015. The research question was: what are the offending, drug use, and mental health histories of Latinos involved in community corrections? Participants were mostly male (n = 120; 59...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012907/culex-melanoconion-panocossa-from-peninsular-florida-usa
#17
Erik M Blosser, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena
Culex (Melanoconion) panocossa is a suspected vector of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in Central America. Prior to this report, Cx. panocossa was known from Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, southern Mexico, Panama), northern South America (Colombia, Venezuela) and the Greater Antilles (Cuba and Jamaica). Larvae (n=5) and adults (n=4286) of Cx. panocossa were collected at two locations near Homestead, FL, which indicates substantial established populations of this probable vector species in the continental US...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006039/longitudinal-examination-of-frequency-of-and-risk-factors-for-severe-dry-eye-symptoms-in-us-veterans
#18
Erin S Ong, Yousef A Alghamdi, Roy C Levitt, Allison L McClellan, Gail Lewis, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Elizabeth R Felix, Anat Galor
Importance: Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that affects millions of individuals. Many cross-sectional studies have evaluated risk factors for dry eye severity, but few have assessed risk factors or symptom progression over time. Objectives: To assess symptom progression in dry eye syndrome and determine risk factors associated with severe symptoms at 1 year. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal study was conducted from October 1, 2013, to April 30, 2015, among patients at the Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital with a wide variety of dry eye symptoms and signs (ranging from none to severe)...
December 22, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001962/benzodiazepine-dependence-among-young-adult-participants-in-the-club-scene-who-use-drugs
#19
Steven P Kurtz, Mance E Buttram, Hilary L Surratt
Young adults ages 18-29 report the highest rates of benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in the United States. The majority of club drug users are also in this age group, and BZD misuse is prevalent among participants in club scenes. This article examines BZD dependence and its correlates among young adult participants in the electronic dance music (EDM) culture in Miami, Florida, who use drugs. Structured interviews were with men and women (N = 356) ages 18 to 29 who reported regular attendance at EDM venues and recent use of both club drugs and BZDs...
January 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979753/healthy-caregivers-healthy-children-hc2-phase-2-integrating-culturally-sensitive-childhood-obesity-prevention-strategies-into-childcare-center-policies
#20
Sarah E Messiah, Cynthia Lebron, Rhoda Moise, M Sunil Mathew, Krystal Sardinas, Catherina Chang, Joanne Palenzuela, Jennifer Walsh, Karla P Shelnutt, Rachel Spector, Fiorella Altare, Ruby Natale
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children, most states lack childcare center (CCC) nutrition and physical activity policies. The Healthy Caregivers, Healthy Children (HC) Phase 2 project is examining the relationship between the CCC nutrition and physical activity environment and child dietary intake/physical activity patterns and body mass index (BMI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 "Quality Counts" (Miami Dade County, Florida's Quality Rating Improvement System [QRIS)]) CCCs serving low resource families with ≥50 2-to-5year olds attending have been randomized to either intervention (n=12) or control (n=12)...
December 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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