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William Darrow, Chintan Bhatt, Cassandra Rene, Lakisha Thomas
In January 2016, the first case of mosquito-borne Zika infection in the mainland United States was confirmed in Miami, Florida. The first locally acquired case was reported 6 months later. Local public health and school officials began warning students of the outbreak on their return to the classroom in August 2016. In November-December 2016, we conducted a survey of students attending a large public university in Miami to determine how well informed they were about Zika. A multistage sampling design was used to contact teaching assistants and ask them for help in recruiting their students...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Robert B Garoon, William E Smiddy, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To report rates and timing of retreatments, new break formation, and vitreoretinal surgical intervention after initial treatment of retinal breaks, and to identify factors associated with increased rates of additional vitreoretinal interventions. METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive case series of all patients who were diagnosed with a retinal break and underwent laser retinopexy for prophylaxis of retinal detachment at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, FL, from 2013 through 2016 were reviewed...
March 9, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Sangjun Yoo, Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Ja Hyeon Ku, Hwancheol Son, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Hyeon Jeong
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the predictors for the detection of prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer in the setting of repeat prostate biopsy using trans-rectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy. METHODS: A total of 636 patients who underwent repeat prostate biopsy were included. The patients were divided into two groups according to the repeat biopsy results (with vs. without prostate cancer). A multivariable analysis was performed to assess the predictors for the detection of prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer...
March 1, 2018: World Journal of Urology
R J Egan, H Iliff, M J Stechman, D M Scott-Coombes
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has a short half-life and is cleared by the liver and kidneys. This study examined whether declining estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) affects application of the Miami criterion for intraoperative PTH (ioPTH) decline during parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoes parathyroidectomy for pHPT. Patients with multi-gland disease, without ioPTH, failure-to-cure and those <18 years were excluded...
March 1, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Scott C Brown, Tatiana Perrino, Joanna Lombard, Kefeng Wang, Matthew Toro, Tatjana Rundek, Carolina Marinovic Gutierrez, Chuanhui Dong, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Maria I Nardi, Jack Kardys, José Szapocznik
Prior studies suggest that exposure to the natural environment may be important for optimal mental health. The present study examines the association between block-level greenness (vegetative presence) and mental health outcomes, in a population-based sample of 249,405 U.S. Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥65 years living in Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA, whose location did not change from 2010 to 2011. Multilevel analyses examined relationships between greenness, as measured by mean Normalized Difference Vegetation Index from satellite imagery at the Census block level, and each of two mental health outcomes; Alzheimer's disease and depression, respectively, after statistically adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and neighborhood income level of the individuals...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Zheng Wang, Chenguang Zhao, Yiheng Wang, Zheng Sun, Nan Wang
We developed PANDA (Propagation of Affinity and Domain Architecture) to predict protein functions in the format of Gene Ontology (GO) terms. PANDA at first executes profile-profile alignment algorithm to search against PfamA, KOG, COG, and SwissProt databases, and then launches PSI-BLAST against UniProt for homologue search. PANDA integrates a domain architecture inference algorithm based on the Bayesian statistics that calculates the probability of having a GO term. All the candidate GO terms are pooled and filtered based on Z-score...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Maroun Sfeir, Marissa Walsh, Rossana Rosa, Laura Aragon, Sze Yan Liu, Timothy Cleary, Marylee Worley, Corey Frederick, Lilian M Abbo
Background: Infections caused by Mycobacterium abscessus group strains are usually resistant to multiple antimicrobials and challenging to treat worldwide. We describe the risk factors, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients in 2 large academic medical centers in the United States. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of hospitalized adults with a positive culture for M. abscessus in Miami, Florida (January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2014). Demographics, comorbidities, the source of infection, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Mahsa Khanlari, Juan Carlos Ramos, Sandra Patricia Sanchez, Jeong Hee Cho-Vega, Alexandra Amador, German Campuzano-Zuluaga, Francisco Vega, Jennifer R Chapman
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, an aggressive T-cell neoplasm, is causally linked to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 and based on this association has a distinct geographic distribution. In our United States-based practice, whose population is enriched for immigrants from human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 endemic areas, we have identified that a subset of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, in the absence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 identification, are indistinguishable from other more common T-cell neoplasms...
February 15, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Se Hyun Paek, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
Purpose: The availability of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring allows successful focused parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). The objective of this study was to report our initial experience in IOPTH monitoring during parathyroid surgery for primary hyperparathyroidsim. Methods: Between May 2011 and February 2013, 37 patients underwent focused parathyroidectomy due to pHPT. IOPTH monitoring based on Miami criteria was used to confirm complete excision of hyperfunctioning parathyroid gland during surgery...
February 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
M S Nascimento, J A Carminati, I C R N Silva, D L Silva, A O Bernardi, M V Copetti
Due to recent foodborne outbreaks, peanuts have been considered a potential risk for Salmonella transmission. For this reason, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and contamination load of Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Enterobacteriaceae throughout the peanut supply chain in Brazil. Samples of peanuts and peanut-containing processed products from post-harvest (n=129), secondary processing (n=185) and retail market (n=100) were analyzed. The results showed high Enterobacteriaceae counts in the post-harvest samples...
March 2018: Food Research International
Martine Simard, Isabelle Rouleau, Helena Kadlec, Vanessa Taler, Holly Tuokko, Stacey Voll, Megan E O'Connell, Lauren E Griffith, Christina Wolfson, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effect of age, education and sex on Miami Prospective Memory Test (MPMT) performance obtained at baseline of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) by neurologically healthy French- and English-speaking subsamples of participants (N = 18,511). METHOD: The CLSA is a nation-wide large epidemiological study with participants aged 45-85 years old at baseline. The MPMT is an event- and time-based measure of prospective memory, with scores of intention, accuracy and need for reminders, administered as part of the Comprehensive data collection...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Mohsen Farhadloo, Kenneth Winneg, Man-Pui Sally Chan, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dolores Albarracin
BACKGROUND: Recent outbreaks of Zika virus around the world led to increased discussions about this issue on social media platforms such as Twitter. These discussions may provide useful information about attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors of the population regarding issues that are important for public policy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the associations of the topics of discussions on Twitter and survey measures of Zika-related attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors, not solely based upon the volume of such discussions but by analyzing the content of conversations using probabilistic techniques...
February 9, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Jose Fernandez-Triana
Ten new species within four genera of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) are described from Canada and United States: Diolcogaster ichiroi, Diolcogaster miamensis, Glyptapanteles pseudotsugae, Microgaster archboldensis, Microgaster syntopic, Microplitis altissimus, Microplitis jorgeluisi, Microplitis juanmanueli, Microplitis julioalbertoi, and Microplitis mariamargaritae. The new taxa are significant because they represent the first North American records of a tropical group (species of the basimacula group in Diolcogaster), exemplify interesting ecological cases (niche-based host selection in Glyptapanteles, syntopic species in Microgaster), and showcase unique morphological features and/or altitudinal records (Microplitis)...
2018: ZooKeys
Z E Winters, J R Benson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
John-Paul Mutebi, Holly R Hughes, Kristen L Burkhalter, Linda Kothera, Chalmers Vasquez, Joan L Kenney
We isolated a strain of Zika virus, MB16-23, from Aedes aegypti mosquitoes collected in Miami Beach, Florida, USA, on September 2, 2016. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that MB16-23 most likely originated from the Caribbean region.
April 17, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Kraig E Strayer, Heather M Antonides, Matthew P Juhascik, Raminta Daniulaityte, Ioana E Sizemore
The United States and numerous other countries worldwide are currently experiencing a public health crisis due to the abuse of illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) and its analogues. This manuscript describes the development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based method for the multiplex detection of N = 24 IMF analogues and metabolites in whole blood at concentrations as low as 0.1-0.5 ng mL-1. These available IMFs were fentanyl, norfentanyl, furanyl norfentanyl, remifentanil acid, butyryl norfentanyl, remifentanil, acetyl fentanyl, alfentanil, AH-7921, U-47700, acetyl fentanyl 4-methylphenethyl, acrylfentanyl, para-methoxyfentanyl, despropionyl fentanyl (4-ANPP), furanyl fentanyl, despropionyl para-fluorofentanyl, carfentanil, (±)-cis-3-methyl fentanyl, butyryl fentanyl, isobutyryl fentanyl, sufentanil, valeryl fentanyl, para-fluorobutyryl fentanyl, and para-fluoroisobutyryl fentanyl...
January 31, 2018: ACS Omega
Roberta Del Campo, Yu Zhang, Charles Wakeford
Background: Hair breakage is a common unrecognized form of hair loss in women most often the result of hair weathering and traumatic grooming practices. Lipids are major determinants of the physical properties of the hair. Synsepalum dulcificum seed oil (MFSO®; Miracle Fruit Oil Co., Miami Beach, Florida), is an exotic fruit oil with physicochemical properties suited to providing a superior ability to reduce hair breakage. Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of a hair oil containing MFSO and its effects on hair breakage rates...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
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