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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435357/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-with-computerized-delivery-of-anesthesia-during-the-placement-of-stainless-steel-crowns-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#1
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham El Batawi, M O Gorduysus
OBJECTIVE: Assessing effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction with/without video eyewear and computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) for local anesthesia during placement of stainless steel crowns for the management of pathological tooth grinding in children with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical study includes 22 children (13 boys and 9 girls), with mean age being 7.1 years. The study involved three sessions 1-week apart. During Session I, dental prophylaxis to the upper jaw was done while watching a movie projected on the ceiling without video eyewear whereas prophylaxis for the lower jaw and impressions of both jaws were taken while watching another movie using eyewear projection...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#2
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430252/measuring-spatiotemporal-ultrafast-field-structures-of-pulses-from-multimode-optical-fibers
#3
Zhe Guang, Michelle Rhodes, Rick Trebino
Ultrashort pulses emerging from multimode optical fibers are spatiotemporally complex, because inside these fibers the modes have different spatial intensity patterns and experience different propagation velocities and dispersions. To determine the spatiotemporal field from multimode fibers, we applied a technique for the complete measurement of the output pulses called a spatially and temporally resolved intensity and phase evaluation device: full information from a single hologram. It yields the complete electric field over space and time from multiple digital holograms, simultaneously recorded at different frequencies on a single camera frame...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428952/usefulness-and-capability-of-three-dimensional-full-high-definition-movies-for-surgical-education
#4
M Takano, K Kasahara, K Sugahara, A Watanabe, S Yoshida, T Shibahara
BACKGROUND: Because of changing surgical procedures in the fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery, new methods for surgical education are needed and could include recent advances in digital technology. Many doctors have attempted to use digital technology as educational tools for surgical training, and movies have played an important role in these attempts. We have been using a 3D full high-definition (full-HD) camcorder to record movies of intra-oral surgeries. METHOD: The subjects were medical students and doctors receiving surgical training who did not have actual surgical experience (n = 67)...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428540/temporal-dynamics-of-saccades-explained-by-a-self-paced-process
#5
Roy Amit, Dekel Abeles, Izhar Bar-Gad, Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg
Sensory organs are thought to sample the environment rhythmically thereby providing periodic perceptual input. Whisking and sniffing are governed by oscillators which impose rhythms on the motor-control of sensory acquisition and consequently on sensory input. Saccadic eye movements are the main visual sampling mechanism in primates, and were suggested to constitute part of such a rhythmic exploration system. In this study we characterized saccadic rhythmicity, and examined whether it is consistent with autonomous oscillatory generator or with self-paced generation...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428154/bias-in-medicine-in-the-context-of-the-film-aligarh
#6
Aiswarya Sasi
In today's world, I feel another sin needs to be added to the list of the seven deadly sins, viz the sin of intolerance. We hear this term on the news every other day and see society display this attitude more often than not. While the movie Aligarh raised myriad social issues, as a medical student, I would like to speak of one in particular - the influence of stigma on healthcare.
March 21, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#7
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424847/characterization-of-microtubule-buckling-in-living-cells
#8
Carla Pallavicini, Alejandro Monastra, Nicolás González Bardeci, Diana Wetzler, Valeria Levi, Luciana Bruno
Microtubules are filamentous biopolymers involved in essential biological processes. They form key structures in eukaryotic cells, and thus it is very important to determine the mechanisms involved in the formation and maintenance of the microtubule network. Microtubule bucklings are transient and localized events commonly observed in living cells and characterized by a fast bending and its posterior relaxation. Active forces provided by molecular motors have been indicated as responsible for most of these rapid deformations...
April 19, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423963/patient-perceptions-of-environmental-control-units-experiences-of-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders-receiving-inpatient-va-healthcare
#9
Bella Etingen, Rachael N Martinez, Marissa A Vallette, Ryan Dendinger, Balmatee Bidassie, Scott Miskevics, Hira T Khan, Huberta T Cozart, Sara M Locatelli, Frances M Weaver
PURPOSE: To assess patients' perceptions of environmental control units (ECUs) at Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Injury Centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A brief questionnaire was conducted with patients in real-time while they were hospitalised ("on-the-spot questionnaire"); a survey was mailed to patients who had recently been discharged from a hospital stay ("discharge survey"). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Seventy on-the-spot questionnaires and 80 discharge surveys were collected...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420938/assessment-of-the-3-d-vision-syndrome-among-the-spectators-of-three-dimensional-3-d-movies-in-karachi-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Wasay Ali Khan, Saiyed Abdullah Abubakar Mohsin Ehsanullah, Nosheen Zehra, Raja Azhar Bilal Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415198/recommender-engine-for-continuous-time-quantum-monte-carlo-methods
#11
Li Huang, Yi-Feng Yang, Lei Wang
Recommender systems play an essential role in the modern business world. They recommend favorable items such as books, movies, and search queries to users based on their past preferences. Applying similar ideas and techniques to Monte Carlo simulations of physical systems boosts their efficiency without sacrificing accuracy. Exploiting the quantum to classical mapping inherent in the continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo methods, we construct a classical molecular gas model to reproduce the quantum distributions...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414360/visualizing-spatiotemporal-pulse-propagation-first-order-spatiotemporal-couplings-in-laser-pulses
#12
Michelle Rhodes, Zhe Guang, Jerrold Pease, Rick Trebino
Even though a general theory of first-order spatiotemporal couplings exists in the literature, it is often difficult to visualize how these distortions affect laser pulses. In particular, it is difficult to show the spatiotemporal phase of pulses in a meaningful way. Here, we propose a general solution to plotting the electric fields of pulses in three-dimensional space that intuitively shows the effects of spatiotemporal phases. The temporal phase information is color-coded using spectrograms and color response functions, and the beam is propagated to show the spatial phase evolution...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414036/blunted-cortisol-response-to-acute-pre-learning-stress-prevents-misinformation-effect-in-a-forced-confabulation-paradigm
#13
Phillip R Zoladz, Chelsea E Cadle, Alison M Dailey, Miranda K Fiely, David M Peters, Hannah E Nagle, Brianne E Mosley, Amanda R Scharf, Callie M Brown, Tessa J Duffy, McKenna B Earley, Boyd R Rorabaugh, Kristie E Payment
Research examining the effects of stress on false memory formation has been equivocal, partly because of the complex nature of stress-memory interactions. A major factor influencing stress effects on learning is the timing of stress relative to encoding. Previous work has shown that brief stressors administered immediately before learning enhance long-term memory. Thus, we predicted that brief stress immediately before learning would decrease participants' susceptibility to subsequent misinformation and reduce false memory formation...
April 21, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#14
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401673/morphology-of-modern-arrowhead-tips-on-human-skin-analog
#15
LokMan Sung, Kilak Kesha, Jeffrey Hudson, Kelly Root, Leigh Hlavaty
Archery has experienced a recent resurgence in participation and has seen increases in archery range attendance and in children and young adults seeking archery lessons. Popular literature and movies prominently feature protagonists well versed in this form of weaponry. Periodic homicide cases in the United States involving bows are reported, and despite this and the current interest in the field, there are no manuscripts published on a large series of arrow wounds. This experiment utilizes a broad selection of modern arrowheads to create wounds for comparison...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398150/conning-the-conmen-intelligence-and-female-desire-in-dedh-ishqiya
#16
Shailendra Kumar Singh
This article investigates the ostensibly paradoxical relationship that exists between the theme of excessive love, as suggested by the title of Abhishek Chaubey's film Dedh Ishqiya (2014), and the actual representation of it in the movie, which is not only restrained and disproportionate, but is also looked at with suspicion and contempt. It examines the logic of this seeming contradiction through the other two related themes that Chaubey's chef-d'œuvre foregrounds, namely that of intelligence and female desire...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393522/physical-chemistry-of-freezing-atmospheric-aqueous-drops
#17
Anatoli Bogdan, Mario J Molina
In super-cooled aqueous solutions, ice nucleation is the initial stage of the freezing process. In this paper, we present experimental results that indicate that during the freezing of aqueous solutions, freeze-induced phase separation (FIPS) into pure ice and a freeze-concentrated solution (FCS) takes place. Our observations involve the use of an optical cryo-microscope (OC-M) to record images and movies. The results visually indicate for the first time that there are two freezing processes for (NH4)3H(SO4)2/H2O solutions: (i) contact freezing, as is the case for pure water drops, and (ii) the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process, which is the growth of frozen drops (ice) at the expense of liquid ones...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392774/tears-or-fears-comparing-gender-stereotypes-about-movie-preferences-to-actual-preferences
#18
Peter Wühr, Benjamin P Lange, Sascha Schwarz
This study investigated the accuracy of gender-specific stereotypes about movie-genre preferences for 17 genres. In Study 1, female and male participants rated the extent to which 17 movie genres are preferred by women or men. In Study 2, another sample of female and male participants rated their own preference for each genre. There were three notable results. First, Study 1 revealed the existence of gender stereotypes for the majority of genres (i.e., for 15 of 17 genres). Second, Study 2 revealed the existence of actual gender differences in preferences for the majority of genres (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387381/on-the-role-of-residue-phosphorylation-in-14-3-3-partners-aanat-as-a-case-study
#19
Diego Masone, Marina Uhart, Diego M Bustos
Twenty years ago, a novel concept in protein structural biology was discovered: the intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs). These regions remain largely unstructured under native conditions and the more are studied, more properties are attributed to them. Possibly, one of the most important is their ability to conform a new type of protein-protein interaction. Besides the classical domain-to-domain interactions, IDRs follow a 'fly-casting' model including 'induced folding'. Unfortunately, it is only possible to experimentally explore initial and final states...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384669/dermatologic-features-of-classic-movie-villains-the-face-of-evil
#20
Julie Amthor Croley, Vail Reese, Richard F Wagner
Importance: Dichotomous dermatologic depictions of heroes and villains in movies have been used since the silent film age. Objective: To evaluate the hero-villain skin dichotomy in film by (1) identifying dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American film villains, (2) comparing these dermatologic findings to the all-time top 10 American film heroes quantitatively and qualitatively, and (3) analyzing dermatologic portrayals of film villains in depth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, dermatologic findings for film heroes and villains in mainstream media were identified and compared quantitatively using a χ2 test with α < ...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
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