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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640801/hollywood-raising-awareness-of-smoking-related-diseases-can-it-proactively-counteract-the-impact-of-smoking-in-movies-the-final-mission-of-star-trek-s-mr-spock
#1
Job Fm van Boven, Alan G Kaplan
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.52.
June 22, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634459/cognitive-correlates-of-different-mentalizing-abilities-in-individuals-with-high-and-low-trait-schizotypy-findings-from-an-extreme-group-design
#2
Krisztina Kocsis-Bogár, Simone Kotulla, Susanne Maier, Martin Voracek, Kristina Hennig-Fast
Mentalizing or Theory of Mind (ToM) deficits in schizophrenia have been studied to great extent, but studies involving samples of trait schizotypy yield ambiguous results. Executive functions like cognitive inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and agency are all prerequisites of mentalizing, and it is assumed that the impairment of these functions contributes to ToM deficits in schizophrenia. Whether these impairments influence the ToM performance of people with high trait schizotypy remains unclear. Although impaired self-agency has repeatedly been identified in people with schizotypy, its role in mentalizing is yet to be investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633814/na-emission-and-bubble-instability-in-single-bubble-sonoluminescence
#3
Pak-Kon Choi, Keisuke Takumori, Hyang-Bok Lee
Na emission in single-bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL) was observed from 0.1mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solution containing a dissolved noble gas at a low acoustic pressure, at which a continuous spectral component was negligible. High-speed shadowgraph movies were captured at a frame rate of 30,000fps, which indicated that bubble dancing is responsible for the Na emission. The measured bubble path length was well correlated with the Na intensity. The disintegration of a daughter bubble followed by immediate coalescence was frequently observed, which may have been the cause of the bubble dancing...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627329/passages-on-brazilian-scientific-cinema
#4
Jane de Almeida, Cicero Inacio da Silva, Alfredo Suppia, Brett Stalbaum
The article examines the conditions of production and recognition of scientific cinema in Brazil by comparing three distinct moments and contexts: the first moment takes place in the nineteenth century, and it is related to the contribution of a Brazilian astronomer otherwise little known to Brazilian film scholars, the second addresses Benedito Junqueira Duarte's voluminous mid-twentieth-century filmography, and the third moment documents recent scientific film experiences within ultra high resolution movies transmitted over photonic networks...
July 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626129/nursing-education-trial-using-a-virtual-nightingale-ward
#5
Keiko Tsuji, Naomi Iwata, Hiromi Kodama, Tomoko Hagiwara, Kiyako Takai, Yoko Sasaki, Yoshie Nagata, Maki Matsumoto
Nursing department students are expected to correctly grasp the entire concept of nursing through their education. The authors created a movie of a Nightingale ward (virtual ward, hereafter) with an architectural computer design software for education. The students' reaction to the virtual ward was categorized into three viewpoints: that of nurses, of patients, and of nurses and patients in common. Most of the reactions in each viewpoint were: "easy to observe patients" in the nurses' viewpoint; "no privacy" in the patients' viewpoint; and "wide room" in the common viewpoint, respectively...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625875/individual-differences-in-functional-connectivity-during-naturalistic-viewing-conditions
#6
Tamara Vanderwal, Jeffrey Eilbott, Emily S Finn, R Cameron Craddock, Adam Turnbull, F Xavier Castellanos
Naturalistic viewing paradigms such as movies have been shown to reduce participant head motion and improve arousal during fMRI scanning relative to task-free rest, and have been used to study both functional connectivity and stimulus-evoked BOLD-signal changes. These task-based hemodynamic changes are synchronized across subjects and involve large areas of the cortex, and it is unclear whether individual differences in functional connectivity are enhanced or diminished under such naturalistic conditions. This work first aims to characterize variability in BOLD-signal based functional connectivity (FC) across 2 distinct movie conditions and eyes-open rest (n=31 healthy adults, 2 scan sessions each)...
June 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618804/an-optical-flow-based-state-space-model-of-the-vocal-folds
#7
Alba Granados, Jonas Brunskog
High-speed movies of the vocal fold vibration are valuable data to reveal vocal fold features for voice pathology diagnosis. This work presents a suitable Bayesian model and a purely theoretical discussion for further development of a framework for continuum biomechanical features estimation. A linear and Gaussian nonstationary state-space model is proposed and thoroughly discussed. The evolution model is based on a self-sustained three-dimensional finite element model of the vocal folds, and the observation model involves a dense optical flow algorithm...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616417/the-comparison-the-effect-of-training-by-means-of-simulation-and-oral-method-on-midwives-skill-in-management-of-shoulder-dystocia
#8
Masoumeh Kordi, Fatemeh Erfanian, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Fatemeh Dastfan, Keivan Shariati Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder dystocia is one of the obstetric emergencies that are accompanied to serious risks for mother and fetus. It necessitates making the method of training of shoulder dystocia management more efficient, i.e., better management and giving services with higher quality. Thus, this study was carried out to compare the impact of training by simulation and oral technique on the skill of the employed midwives in obstetric clinics at Mashhad city (Iran) in shoulder dystocia management during 2012...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615963/frequency-dependent-changes-in-sensorimotor-and-pain-affective-systems-induced-by-empathy-for-pain
#9
Yoshimasa Motoyama, Katsuya Ogata, Sumio Hoka, Shozo Tobimatsu
BACKGROUND: Empathy for pain helps us to understand the pain of others indirectly. To better comprehend the processing of empathic pain, we report the frequency-dependent modulation of cortical oscillations induced by watching movies depicting pain using high-density electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and motor evoked potentials (MEP). METHODS: Event-related desynchronization of EEG and MEG was assessed while participants viewed videos of painful (needle) or neutral (cotton swab) situations...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614556/binocular-therapy-for-childhood-amblyopia-improves-vision-without-breaking-interocular-suppression
#10
Manuela Bossi, Vijay K Tailor, Elaine J Anderson, Peter J Bex, John A Greenwood, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor, Steven C Dakin
Purpose: Amblyopia is a common developmental visual impairment characterized by a substantial difference in acuity between the two eyes. Current monocular treatments, which promote use of the affected eye by occluding or blurring the fellow eye, improve acuity, but are hindered by poor compliance. Recently developed binocular treatments can produce rapid gains in visual function, thought to be as a result of reduced interocular suppression. We set out to develop an effective home-based binocular treatment system for amblyopia that would engage high levels of compliance but that would also allow us to assess the role of suppression in children's response to binocular treatment...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607665/expression-dependence-in-the-perception-of-facial-identity
#11
Annabelle S Redfern, Christopher P Benton
We recognise familiar faces irrespective of their expression. This ability, crucial for social interactions, is a fundamental feature of face perception. We ask whether this constancy of facial identity may be compromised by changes in expression. This, in turn, addresses the issue of whether facial identity and expression are processed separately or interact. Using an identification task, participants learned the identities of two actors from naturalistic (so-called ambient) face images taken from movies. Training was either with neutral images or their expressive counterparts, perceived expressiveness having been determined experimentally...
May 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606060/antiangiogenic-agents-targeting-different-angiogenic-pathways-have-opposite-effects-on-tumor-hypoxia-in-r-18-human-melanoma-xenografts
#12
Jon-Vidar Gaustad, Trude G Simonsen, Lise Mari K Andersen, Einar K Rofstad
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the effect of antiangiogenic agents targeting different angiogenic pathways are sparse. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of properdistatin and sunitinib treatment in a preclinical model of malignant melanoma. Properdistatin is a small peptide derived from the thrombospondin-1 domain of the plasma protein properdin, and sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting several receptors including the vascular endothelial growth factor receptors...
June 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603444/the-art-of-living-with-nzt-and-ict-dialectics-of-an-artistic-case-study
#13
EDITORIAL
Hub Zwart
I wholeheartedly sympathize conceptually with Coeckelbergh's paper. The dialectical relationship between vulnerability and technology constitutes the core of Hegel's Master and Slave (the primal scene of contemporary philosophy). Yet, the empirical dimension is underdeveloped and Coeckelbergh's ideas could profit from exposure to case studies. Building on a movie/novel (Limitless) devoted to vulnerability coping and living with ICT, I challenge the claim that modern heroism entails overcoming vulnerability with the help of enhancement and computers...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585471/the-transmission-and-stability-of-cultural-life-scripts-a-cross-cultural-study
#14
Steve M J Janssen, Shamsul Haque
Cultural life scripts are shared knowledge about the timing of important life events. In the present study, we examined whether cultural life scripts are transmitted through traditions and whether there are additional ways through which they can be attained by asking Australian and Malaysian participants which information sources they had used to generate the life script of their culture. Participants hardly reported that they had used cultural and religious traditions. They more often reported that they had used their own experiences and experiences of relatives and friends...
June 6, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577114/building-beautiful-minds-teaching-through-movies-to-tackle-stigma-in-psychology-students-in-the-uae
#15
Eleni Petkari
OBJECTIVE: The use of movie-based educational interventions has been used widely and is considered an effective method aiming at changing the stigmatizing attitudes of future mental health professionals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 10-week intervention that combined movies and related discussions in a sample of 26 psychology students in the United Arab Emirates, where the opportunities for real contact with patients with mental illness are limited. METHODS: By means of mixed methods approach, students were assessed at two time points by the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers [OMS-HC] (T1-T2) and by qualitative questions only at the end of the intervention (T2)...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575520/neural-dynamics-underlying-emotional-transmissions-between-individuals
#16
Y Golland, N Levit-Binnun, T Hendler, Y Lerner
Emotional experiences are frequently shaped by the emotional responses of co-present others. Research has shown that people constantly monitor and adapt to the incoming social-emotional signals, even without face-to-face interaction. And yet, the neural processes underlying such emotional transmissions have not been directly studied. Here we investigated how the human brain processes emotional cues which arrive from another, co-attending individual. We presented continuous emotional feedback to participants who viewed a movie in the scanner...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570515/high-resolution-single-particle-analysis-from-electron-cryo-microscopy-images-using-sphire
#17
Toshio Moriya, Michael Saur, Markus Stabrin, Felipe Merino, Horatiu Voicu, Zhong Huang, Pawel A Penczek, Stefan Raunser, Christos Gatsogiannis
SPHIRE (SPARX for High-Resolution Electron Microscopy) is a novel open-source, user-friendly software suite for the semi-automated processing of single particle electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) data. The protocol presented here describes in detail how to obtain a near-atomic resolution structure starting from cryo-EM micrograph movies by guiding users through all steps of the single particle structure determination pipeline. These steps are controlled from the new SPHIRE graphical user interface and require minimum user intervention...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559224/uptake-of-an-incentive-based-mhealth-app-process-evaluation-of-the-carrot-rewards-app
#18
Marc Mitchell, Lauren White, Paul Oh, David Alter, Tricia Leahey, Matthew Kwan, Guy Faulkner
BACKGROUND: Behavioral economics has stimulated renewed interest in financial health incentives worldwide. The Carrot Rewards app was developed as part of a public-private partnership to reward Canadians with loyalty points (eg, movies and groceries) for downloading the app, referring friends, and completing an average of 1 to 2 educational health quizzes per week ("micro-learning"), with long-term objectives of increasing health knowledge and encouraging healthy behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate uptake of a loyalty points-based mHealth app during the exclusive 3-month launch period in British Columbia (BC), Canada...
May 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557646/spontaneous-blinking-kinematics-in-patients-who-have-undergone-autogeneous-fascia-frontalis-suspension
#19
Adriano Baccega, Denny Marcos Garcia, Antonio Augusto V Cruz
PURPOSE: To measure spontaneous blink metrics and brow motion in patients with congenital ptosis operated with frontalis slings with autogenous fascia lata. METHODS: An infrared three-dimensional video motion analyzer was employed to simultaneously measure brow motion and spontaneous blinks of 17 patients with congenital ptosis who underwent frontalis sling with autogenous fascia lata and a control group of equal number of healthy subjects. A customized software identified and quantified the amplitude and maximum velocity spontaneous blinks eyelid and brown motion during a 5-minute observation of a commercial movie...
May 30, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551867/dialogical-exchange-class-using-movies-for-mutual-understanding-between-a-korean-and-a-japanese-university
#20
Sunah Oh
This study analyzes a process through which university students in Japan and South Korea come to understand the culture of the other country by exchanging comments on a documentary movie "ANNYON SAYONARA (Hello and Goodbye)" which relates to the Asia-Pacific War and Korean colonial rule by Japan. The approach to understand other cultures through movies is called the "Round Table Cinema Method" and is a method whereby individuals with different cultural backgrounds talk about the same movie to discuss "gaps," "sense of incongruity," and "internal conflicts" that arise...
May 27, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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