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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349099/repetitive-questioning-exasperates-caregivers
#1
R C Hamdy, J V Lewis, R Copeland, A Depelteau, A Kinser, T Kendall-Wilson, K Whalen
Repetitive questioning is due to an impaired episodic memory and is a frequent, often presenting, problem in patients with Alzheimer's disease (amnestic type). It is due to the patients' difficulties learning new information, retaining it, and recalling it, and is often aggravated by a poor attention span and easy distractibility. A number of factors may trigger and maintain repetitive questioning. Caregivers should try to identify and address these triggers. In the case discussion presented, it is due to the patient's concerns about her and her family's safety triggered by watching a particularly violent movie aired on TV...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346029/unifying-visual-space-across-the-left-and-right-hemifields
#2
Zhimin Chen, Anna Kosovicheva, Benjamin Wolfe, Patrick Cavanagh, Andrei Gorea, David Whitney
Visual space is perceived as continuous and stable even though visual inputs from the left and right visual fields are initially processed separately within the two cortical hemispheres. In the research reported here, we examined whether the visual system utilizes a dynamic recalibration mechanism to integrate these representations and to maintain alignment across the visual fields. Subjects adapted to randomly oriented moving lines that straddled the vertical meridian; these lines were vertically offset between the left and right hemifields...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344614/apprehending-otherness-through-wonder-a-facial-plastic-surgeon-s-review-of-the-book-and-movie
#3
Travis T Tollefson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344564/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-needle-based-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-solid-pancreatic-masses-a-prospective-validation-study
#4
John Gásdal Karstensen, Tatiana Cârţână, Codruţa Constantinescu, Silviu Dumitrașcu, Bojan Kovacevic, Pia Klausen, Hazem Hassan, Tobias Wirenfeldt Klausen, Helga Bertani, Manoop S Bhutani, Adrian Săftoiu, Peter Vilmann
Background and study aims:  Endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a keystone in diagnosing and staging of pancreatic masses. Recently, a microfiber that can pass through a 19-gauge needle has been introduced for confocal laser endomicroscopy (nCLE). The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic value and the reproducibility of nCLE criteria for solid malignant lesions. Patients and methods:  This prospective dual-center study included patients with pancreatic masses suspicious of malignancy referred for EUS-FNA...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337780/efficacy-and-safety-of-sodium-picosulfate-magnesium-citrate-for-bowel-preparation-in-a-physically-disabled-outpatient-population-a-randomized-endoscopist-blinded-comparison-with-ascorbic-acid-enriched-polyethylene-glycol-solution-plus-bisacodyl-the-pico-movi
#5
Elisabeth M H Mathus-Vliegen, Karin van der Vliet, Inge J Wignand-van der Storm, John S Stadwijk
BACKGROUND: Because of its volume, adequate bowel preparation remains problematic in physically unfit patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare a small-volume sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate preparation with a 2-L ascorbic acid-enriched polyethylene glycol solution plus bisacodyl. DESIGN: This study has a noninferiority design, assuming that ascorbic acid-enriched polyethylene glycol solution plus bisacodyl is 70% efficacious in achieving an Ottawa score ≤7 and accepting a difference in success rate of <15% with a target enrollment of 146 patients per group...
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337280/behavioral-interventions-for-reducing-head-motion-during-mri-scans-in-children
#6
Deanna J Greene, Jonathan M Koller, Jacqueline M Hampton, Victoria Wesevich, Andrew N Van, Annie L Nguyen, Catherine R Hoyt, Lindsey McIntyre, Eric A Earl, Rachel L Klein, Joshua S Shimony, Steven E Petersen, Bradley L Schlaggar, Damien A Fair, Nico U F Dosenbach
A major limitation to structural and functional MRI (fMRI) scans is their susceptibility to head motion artifacts. Even submillimeter movements can systematically distort functional connectivity, morphometric, and diffusion imaging results. In patient care, sedation is often used to minimize head motion, but it incurs increased costs and risks. In research settings, sedation is typically not an ethical option. Therefore, safe methods that reduce head motion are critical for improving MRI quality, especially in high movement individuals such as children and neuropsychiatric patients...
January 11, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331450/mapping-stimulus-feature-selectivity-in-macaque-v1-by-two-photon-ca2-imaging-encoding-model-analysis-of-fluorescence-responses-to-natural-movies
#7
REVIEW
Koji Ikezoe, Mahya Amano, Shinji Nishimoto, Ichiro Fujita
In vivo calcium (Ca2+) imaging using two-photon microscopy allows activity to be monitored simultaneously from hundreds of individual neurons within a local population. While this allows us to gain important insights into how cortical neurons represent sensory information, factors such as photo-bleaching of the Ca2+ indicator limit imaging duration (and thus the numbers of stimuli that can be tested), which in turn hampers the full characterization of neuronal response properties. Here, we demonstrate that using an encoding model combined with presentation of natural movies results in detailed characterization of receptive field (RF) properties despite the relatively short time for data collection...
January 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330515/hyphatracker-an-imagej-toolbox-for-time-resolved-analysis-of-spore-germination-in-filamentous-fungi
#8
Michael Brunk, Sebastian Sputh, Sören Doose, Sebastian van de Linde, Ulrich Terpitz
The dynamics of early fungal development and its interference with physiological signals and environmental factors is yet poorly understood. Especially computational analysis tools for the evaluation of the process of early spore germination and germ tube formation are still lacking. For the time-resolved analysis of conidia germination of the filamentous ascomycete Fusarium fujikuroi we developed a straightforward toolbox implemented in ImageJ. It allows for processing of microscopic acquisitions (movies) of conidial germination starting with drift correction and data reduction prior to germling analysis...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327386/self-healing-of-a-confined-phase-change-memory-device-with-a-metallic-surfactant-layer
#9
Yujun Xie, Wanki Kim, Yerin Kim, Sangbum Kim, Jemima Gonsalves, Matthew BrightSky, Chung Lam, Yu Zhu, Judy J Cha
Understanding and possibly recovering from the failure mechanisms of phase change memories (PCMs) are critical to improving their cycle life. Extensive electrical testing and postfailure electron microscopy analysis have shown that stuck-set failure can be recovered. Here, self-healing of novel confined PCM devices is directly shown by controlling the electromigration of the phase change material at the nanoscale. In contrast to the current mushroom PCM, the confined PCM has a metallic surfactant layer, which enables effective Joule heating to control the phase change material even in the presence of a large void...
January 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319349/movies-in-mind-2001-a-space-odyssey
#10
Russell Hinton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316872/piecing-it-together-the-effect-of-background-music-on-children-s-puzzle-assembly
#11
Louis Koolidge, Robyn M Holmes
This study explored the effects of background music on cognitive (puzzle assembly) task performance in young children. Participants were 87 primarily European-American children (38 boys, 49 girls; mean age = 4.77 years) enrolled in early childhood classes in the northeastern United States. Children were given one minute to complete a 12-piece puzzle task in one of three background music conditions: music with lyrics, music without lyrics, and no music. The music selection was "You're Welcome" from the Disney movie "Moana...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310889/how-hot-are-they-neural-correlates-of-genital-arousal-an-infrared-thermographic-and-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-sexual-arousal-in-men-and-women
#12
Mayte Parada, Marina Gérard, Kevin Larcher, Alain Dagher, Yitzchak M Binik
BACKGROUND: The few studies that have examined the neural correlates of genital arousal have focused on men and are methodologically hard to compare. AIM: To investigate the neural correlates of peripheral physiologic sexual arousal using identical methodology for men and women. METHODS: 2 groups (20 men, 20 women) viewed movie clips (erotic, humor) while genital temperature was continuously measured using infrared thermal imaging. Participants also continuously evaluated changes in their subjective arousal and answered discrete questions about liking the movies and wanting sexual stimulation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305645/free-visual-exploration-of-natural-movies-in-schizophrenia
#13
Johanna Elisa Silberg, Ioannis Agtzidis, Mikhail Startsev, Teresa Fasshauer, Karen Silling, Andreas Sprenger, Michael Dorr, Rebekka Lencer
BACKGROUND: Eye tracking dysfunction (ETD) observed with standard pursuit stimuli represents a well-established biomarker for schizophrenia. How ETD may manifest during free visual exploration of real-life movies is unclear. METHODS: Eye movements were recorded (EyeLink®1000) while 26 schizophrenia patients and 25 healthy age-matched controls freely explored nine uncut movies and nine pictures of real-life situations for 20 s each. Subsequently, participants were shown still shots of these scenes to decide whether they had explored them as movies or pictures...
January 5, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297178/oculus-study-virtual-reality-based-education-in-daily-clinical-practice
#14
Paweł Balsam, Sonia Borodzicz, Karolina Malesa, Dominika Puchta, Agata Tymińska, Krzysztof Ozierański, Łukasz Kołtowski, Michał Peller, Marcin Grabowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with high risk of stroke and other thromboembolic complications. The OCULUS study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the three-dimensional (3D) movie in teaching patients about the consequences of AF and pharmacological stroke prevention. METHODS: The study was based on a questionnaire and included 100 consecutive patients (38% women, 62% with AF history). Using the oculus glasses and a smartphone, a 3D movie describing the risk of stroke in AF was shown...
January 3, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285819/the-xanthomonas-effector-xopl-uncovers-the-role-of-microtubules-in-stromule-extension-and-dynamics-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#15
Jessica L Erickson, Norman Adlung, Christina Lampe, Ulla Bonas, Martin H Schattat
Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria type III secreted effectors were screened for candidates influencing plant cell processes relevant to the formation and maintenance of stromules in Nicotiana benthamiana lower leaf epidermis. Transient expression of XopL, a unique type of E3 ubiquitin ligase, led to a nearly complete elimination of stromules and the relocation of plastids to the nucleus. Further characterization of XopL revealed that the E3 ligase activity is essential for the two plastid phenotypes. In contrast to XopL wild type, a mutant XopL lacking E3 ligase activity specifically localized to microtubules...
December 29, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282212/musclemotion-a-versatile-open-software-tool-to-quantify-cardiomyocyte-and-cardiac-muscle-contraction-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Luca Sala, Berend J van Meer, Leon T Tertoolen, Jeroen Bakkers, Milena Bellin, Richard P Davis, Chris N Denning, Michel A Dieben, Thomas Eschenhagen, Elisa Giacomelli, Catarina Grandela, Arne Hansen, Eduard Holman, Monique R Jongbloed, Sarah M Kamel, Charlotte D Koopman, Quentin Lachaud, Ingra Mannhardt, Mervyn P Mol, Diogo Mosqueira, Valeria V Orlova, Robert Passier, Marcelo C Ribeiro, Umber Saleem, Godfrey Smith, Francis L L Burton, Christine L Mummery
Rationale: There are several methods to measure cardiomyocyte (CM) and muscle contraction but these require customized hardware, expensive apparatus and advanced informatics or can only be used in single experimental models. Consequently, data and techniques have been difficult to reproduce across models and laboratories, analysis is time consuming and only specialist researchers can quantify data. Objective: Here we describe and validate an automated, open source software tool (MUSCLEMOTION) adaptable for use with standard laboratory- and clinical imaging equipment that enables quantitative analysis of normal cardiac contraction, disease phenotypes and pharmacological responses...
December 27, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280257/experiences-of-mental-health-nursing-staff-working-with-voice-hearers-in-an-acute-setting-an-interpretive-phenomenological-approach
#17
Elaine McMullan, Anjula Gupta, Sylvie Collins
INTRODUCTION: Mental health nursing (MHN) staff in acute settings work with voice hearers at times of crises when experiencing high levels of distress. Previous research has focused on community mental health staff experiences and their service users views on exploring the content of voices. No studies have explored this from an acute mental health service perspective. AIM: The present study therefore sought to explore staff experiences of working with voice hearers in an acute mental health service...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279906/movie-review-of-the-immortal-life-of-henrietta-lacks
#18
Mary L Nora Disis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278244/embassy-cinema-what-wikileaks-reveals-about-us-state-support-for-hollywood
#19
Paul Moody
In an article for Foreign Affairs at the outbreak of the World War II, film producer Walter Wanger referred to Hollywood movies as '120,000 American ambassadors'. The preeminence of Hollywood in presenting US ideology to the world has been asserted ever since. Yet the relationship between Hollywood and America's actual ambassadors, employed by the global network of American embassies, has rarely been investigated, despite the key role that this often overlooked aspect of the state apparatus plays in the maintenance of Hollywood's commercial interests and American cultural hegemony...
October 2017: Media Cult Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276807/dave-detecting-agitated-vocal-events
#20
Asif Salekin, Hongning Wang, Kristine Williams, John Stankovic
DAVE is a comprehensive set of event detection techniques to monitor and detect 5 important verbal agitations: asking for help, verbal sexual advances, questions, cursing, and talking with repetitive sentences. The novelty of DAVE includes combining acoustic signal processing with three different text mining paradigms to detect verbal events (asking for help, verbal sexual advances, and questions) which need both lexical content and acoustic variations to produce accurate results. To detect cursing and talking with repetitive sentences we extend word sense disambiguation and sequential pattern mining algorithms...
July 2017: ...IEEE...International Conference on Connected Health: Applications, Systems and Engineering Technologies
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