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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679952/injuries-to-cyclists-due-to-a-dog-bicycle-interaction
#1
Randall T Loder, Alan P Yaacoub
BACKGROUND:  Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries. METHODS:  The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10-year period from 2006 through 2015 associated with bicycles were accessed. Injuries involving dogs were identified and the mechanism of injury determined. Due to the stratified and weighted nature of the NEISS data, statistical analyses were performed with SUDAAN 10 software (RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679793/self-stigma-in-ptsd-prevalence-and-correlates
#2
Kelsey A Bonfils, Paul H Lysaker, Philip T Yanos, Alysia Siegel, Bethany L Leonhardt, Alison V James, Beth Brustuen, Brandi Luedtke, Louanne W Davis
Self-stigma is the internalization of negative societal stereotypes about those with mental illnesses. While self-stigma has been carefully characterized in severe mental disorders, like schizophrenia, the field has yet to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-stigma in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, we assessed self-stigma in veterans diagnosed with PTSD and compared with veterans with schizophrenia. We further examined associations between PTSD, depressive symptoms and self-stigma in the PTSD sample...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679692/impact-of-fellowship-training-level-on-colonoscopy-quality-and-efficiency-metrics
#3
Hussein Bitar, Hassaan Zia, Muhammad Bashir, Pratyusha Parava, Muhammad Hanafi, William Tierney, Mohammad Madhoun
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have described variable effects of fellow involvement on the adenoma detection rate (ADR), but few have stratified this effect by level of training. We aimed to evaluate the "fellow effect" on multiple procedural metrics including a newly defined adenoma management efficiency index, which may have a role in documenting colonoscopy proficiency for trainees. We also describe the impact of level of training on moderate sedation use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 2024 patients (mean age 60...
April 18, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679672/cellulose-acetate-composite-membranes-tailored-with-exfoliated-tungsten-disulfide-nanosheets-permeation-characteristics-and-antifouling-ability
#4
S Vetrivel, M Sri Abirami Saraswathi, D Rana, K Divya, A Nagendran
An attempt has been made to demonstrate the effects of exfoliated tungsten disulfide (E-WS2 ) nanosheets on the fabrication, permeation and anti-fouling performance of cellulose acetate (CA) ultrafiltration membranes. The E-WS2 was prepared and characterized in terms of energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). Pure and composite CA membranes were methodically characterized for its surface, chemical and morphological structure using FT-IR, XRD, SEM and water contact angle analysis...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679359/the-impact-of-national-policies-on-animal-disease-reporting-within-selected-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-picts
#5
Andrew Tukana, Robert Hedlefs, Bruce Gummow
A semi-systematic literature review of national policies was carried out in relation to surveillance and disease reporting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It also analysed the animal disease reporting structures in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of those reporting structures were examined in relation to how they impacted the detection and management of animal diseases in PICTs. Field missions collected information on animal disease reporting structures and these were discussed in detail with country officials and documented...
April 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678910/serotype-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-patients-at-an-equine-referral-hospital
#6
I M Leon, S D Lawhon, K N Norman, D S Threadgill, N Ohta, J Vinasco, H M Scott
Although Salmonella enterica can produce life-threatening colitis in horses, certain serotypes are more commonly associated with clinical disease. Our aim was to evaluate the proportional morbidity attributed to different serotypes, as well as phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of Salmonella isolated from patients at an equine referral hospital in the southern United States. Two-hundred-fifty-five Salmonella isolates were obtained from clinical samples of patients admitted to the hospital between 2007 and 2015...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678333/small-animal-neonatal-health
#7
REVIEW
Robyn R Wilborn
Although most veterinarians have been caring for neonates successfully for several years, it is often good to review our methods and aim to incorporate new practices that will increase survivability, especially of the weaker neonates. These tips are easy to incorporate and do not require radical change by the doctors or staff. Armed with some key pearls of neonatal knowledge and basic clinical skills, one can successfully prevent and treat the most common clinical presentations of neonatal puppies and kittens...
April 17, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678137/supporting-teams-to-optimize-function-and-independence-in-veterans-a-multi-study-program-and-mixed-methods-protocol
#8
Virginia Wang, Kelli Allen, Courtney H Van Houtven, Cynthia Coffman, Nina Sperber, Elizabeth P Mahanna, Cathleen Colón-Emeric, Helen Hoenig, George L Jackson, Teresa M Damush, Erika Price, Susan N Hastings
BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of new clinical programs depends on effectively establishing, reorganizing, or enhancing team structures and processes to coordinate the work of individuals who are interdependent in their tasks, manage relationships, and share responsibility for outcomes. However, a one-size-fits-all approach is rarely effective. In partnership with VA national clinical leaders and local clinical champions, the Optimizing Function and Independence VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative program (Function QUERI) will evaluate efforts to implement team-based clinical programs for Veterans at risk for functional decline and disability...
April 20, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677634/physiological-variations-in-reproductive-and-metabolic-features-of-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-bucks-throughout-the-rutting-season
#9
Jamie L Stewart, Clifford F Shipley, Robyn E Ellerbrock, Lauren Schmidt, Fabio S Lima, Igor F Canisso
White-tailed deer farming is a growing industry in the United States, yet there is still a need to improve breeding practices in captive cervids. The objective of this study was to compare reproductive and somatic characteristics of white-tailed bucks early in the breeding season (September), at peak rut (December), and late breeding season (March). We hypothesized that reproductive parameters would improve at the peak of the breeding season. Young, mature bucks (n = 7-11, ages 2-3 yr) were anesthetized via projector with tiletamine-zolazepam and xylazine...
April 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677605/examination-of-the-indirect-effects-of-combat-exposure-on-suicidal-behavior-in-veterans
#10
Kirsten H Dillon, Katherine C Cunningham, Julia M Neal, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
BACKGROUND: Researchers have theorized that increased rates of suicide in the military are associated with combat exposure; however, this hypothesis has received inconsistent support in the literature, potentially because combat exposure may be indirectly related to suicide risk through its influence on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms. The current study tested the hypothesis that combat exposure has a significant indirect effect on suicidal behavior among Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans through its effects on PTSD-depressive symptomatology...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677325/continuous-flash-suppression-manual-action-affects-eye-movements-but-not-the-reported-percept
#11
Peter Veto, Immo Schütz, Wolfgang Einhäuser
Diverse paradigms, including ambiguous stimuli and mental imagery, have suggested a shared representation between motor and perceptual domains. We examined the effects of manual action on ambiguous perception in a continuous flash suppression (CFS) experiment. Specifically, we asked participants to try to perceive a suppressed grating while rotating a manipulandum. In one condition, the grating's motion was fully controlled by the manipulandum movement; in another condition the coupling was weak; and in a third condition, no movement was executed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677066/agreement-analysis-what-he-said-she-said-versus-you-said
#12
Thomas R Vetter, Patrick Schober
Correlation and agreement are 2 concepts that are widely applied in the medical literature and clinical practice to assess for the presence and strength of an association. However, because correlation and agreement are conceptually distinct, they require the use of different statistics. Agreement is a concept that is closely related to but fundamentally different from and often confused with correlation. The idea of agreement refers to the notion of reproducibility of clinical evaluations or biomedical measurements...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676782/evaluation-of-the-cincinnati-veterans-affairs-medical-center-hospital-in-home-program
#13
Shubing Cai, Andrew Grubbs, Rajesh Makineni, Bruce Kinosian, Ciaran S Phibbs, Orna Intrator
OBJECTIVES: To examine hospital readmissions, costs, mortality, and nursing home admissions of veterans who received Hospital-in-Home (HIH) services. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC). PARTICIPANTS: Study cohort included veterans who received HIH services as an alternative to inpatient care between October 1, 2012, and November 30, 2015, and non-HIH veterans who were hospitalized for similar conditions in the Cincinnati VAMC during the same period...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676626/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-herbicide-exposure-in-vietnam-era-u-s-army-chemical-corps-veterans
#14
Yasmin Cypel, Stella E Hines, Victoria J Davey, Stephanie M Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman
RATIONALE: Past research demonstrates a possible association between herbicide exposure and respiratory health. Biologic plausibility and inhalation as a mode of exposure further support the contention that herbicides may act as adverse contributors to respiratory status, especially in military personnel who were responsible for chemical maintenance and distribution during the Vietnam War. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and herbicide exposure among Vietnam-era U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676496/suicide-ideation-in-female-survivors-of-military-sexual-trauma-the-trauma-source-matters
#15
Rebecca K Blais, Lindsey L Monteith
Female veterans who have experienced military sexual trauma (MST) are at elevated suicide risk, yet knowledge is limited regarding correlates of suicide ideation (SI) in this population. MST is associated with a higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) relative to other trauma types; however, no studies have examined whether experiencing SI differs based on the source of PTSD symptoms (MST-related, non-MST-related). Female service members/veterans (SM/Vs; n = 311) who screened positive for MST and reported exposure to a Criterion A event completed an online survey assessing self-reported demographics, PTSD, depression, the source of their PTSD symptoms, and SI...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676244/resistance-of-bacteria-to-biocides
#16
Jean-Yves Maillard
Biocides and formulated biocides are used worldwide for an increasing number of applications despite tightening regulations in Europe and in the United States. One concern is that such intense usage of biocides could lead to increased bacterial resistance to a product and cross-resistance to unrelated antimicrobials including chemotherapeutic antibiotics. Evidence to justify such a concern comes mostly from the use of health care-relevant bacterial isolates, although the number of studies of the resistance characteristics of veterinary isolates to biocides have increased the past few years...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675969/exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-in-thoroughbred-racehorses-a-longitudinal-study
#17
E J Crispe, C J Secombe, D I Perera, A A Manderson, B A Turlach, G D Lester
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is considered a progressive disease based on histopathology, but it is unknown if tracheobronchoscopic EIPH severity worsens over time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine tracheobronchoscopic EIPH changes over time in a population of Thoroughbred racehorses. A secondary aim was to identify factors that affect changes in tracheobronchoscopic EIPH severity between observations. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational cross-sectional study...
April 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675690/a-new-algorithm-to-build-bridges-between-two-patient-reported-health-outcome-instruments-the-mos-sf-36%C3%A2-and-the-vr-12-health-survey
#18
Alfredo Selim, William Rogers, Shirley Qian, James A Rothendler, Erin E Kent, Lewis E Kazis
PURPOSE: To develop bridging algorithms to score the Veterans Rand-12 (VR-12) scales for comparability to those of the SF-36® for facilitating multi-cohort studies using data from the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) linked to Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS), and to provide a model for minimizing non-statistical error in pooled analyses stemming from changes to survey instruments over time. METHODS: Observational study of MHOS cohorts 1-12 (1998-2011)...
April 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674628/earliest-animal-cranial-surgery-from-cow-to-man-in-the-neolithic
#19
Fernando Ramirez Rozzi, Alain Froment
The earliest cranial surgery (trepanation) has been attested since the Mesolithic period. The meaning of such a practice remains elusive but it is evident that, even in prehistoric times, humans from this period and from the Neolithic period had already achieved a high degree of mastery of surgical techniques practiced on bones. How such mastery was acquired in prehistoric societies remains an open question. The analysis of an almost complete cow cranium found in the Neolithic site of Champ-Durand (France) (3400-3000 BC) presenting a hole in the right frontal bone reveals that this cranium underwent cranial surgery using the same techniques as those used on human crania...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674471/personal-experience-of-professional-burnout
#20
(no author information available yet)
For vet Jackie Brearley , burnout appeared out of the blue. As she emerges into a new period of her life, she describes what got her through and reflects on how she has come to regard it as a positive experience.
April 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
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