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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440926/sources-and-dispersive-modes-of-micro-fibers-in-the-environment
#1
Steve A Carr
Understanding the sources and distribution of microfibers (MFs) in the environment is critical if control and remediation measures are to be effective. Microfibers comprise an overwhelming fraction (>85%) of microplastic debris found on shorelines around the world. Although primary sources have not been fully vetted, until recently it was widely believed that domestic laundry discharges were the major source. It was also thought that synthetic fibers and particles having dimensions <5 mm easily bypassed filtration and other solid separation processes at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and entered oceans and surface waters...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440589/prime-movers-advanced-practice-professionals-in-the-role-of-stroke-coordinator
#2
Nicholas A Rattray, Teresa M Damush, Cherie Luckhurst, Catherine J Bauer-Martinez, Barbara J Homoya, Edward J Miech
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Following a stroke quality improvement clustered randomized trial and a national acute ischemic stroke (AIS) directive in the Veterans Health Administration in 2011, this comparative case study examined the role of advanced practice professionals (APPs) in quality improvement activities among stroke teams. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted at 11 Veterans Affairs medical centers annually over a 3-year period. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interviews from clinical providers through a mixed-methods, data matrix approach linking APPs (nurse practitioners and physician assistants) with Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs and a group organization measure...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440321/association-of-comorbid-disease-burden-at-diagnosis-with-higher-tumor-grade-in-men-with-non-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#3
T J Daskivich, C J Dru, D Skarecky, T Ahlering, S J Freedland
BACKGROUND: While older age is associated with higher tumor grade, it is unknown whether comorbid disease burden has a similar, independent association. We sought to evaluate the impact of comorbid disease burden on tumor grade at diagnosis as indicated by biopsy Gleason score. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of 1260 men newly diagnosed with non-metastatic prostate cancer from 1998 to 2004 at two Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Multivariable ordinal and multinomial logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between Charlson Comorbidity Index score and biopsy Gleason score...
April 25, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439995/scleromyxoedema-in-a-dog
#4
Aurore F Laprais, Petra Bizikova, Erin W Lashnits, Alison Tucker, Keith E Linder
BACKGROUND: In humans, scleromyxoedema is a chronic progressive skin condition traditionally characterized by deposits of mucin, increased number of fibroblasts and fibrosis in the skin, and by systemic disease. Thyroid disease is typically absent. A monoclonal gammopathy is usually present, as are other comorbidities. Descriptions of scleromyxoedema in the veterinary literature are limited to a single feline case. One dog, previously reported as having papular mucinosis, exhibited features that matched the more current diagnostic criteria of scleromyxoedema...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439664/women-at-familial-risk-of-breast-cancer-electing-for-prophylactic-mastectomy-frequencies-procedures-and-decision-making-characteristics
#5
Sarah Schott, Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Nicola Dikow, Christina Evers, Christof Sohn, Joerg Heil
BACKGROUND: Some women of families at high risk of breast cancer (BC) choose prophylactic mastectomy (PM) in spite of ambiguous evidence for survival benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate counselees' characteristics, decisions on PM, and frequencies of different procedures to better understand how to tailor interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-nine counselees who attended interdisciplinary consultation for genetic risk adjustment at the University Hospital Heidelberg between July 2009 and July 2011 received a tripartite questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, psychological parameters, behavioural questions, and medical data...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439463/molecular-assessment-of-the-fecal-microbiota-in-healthy-cats-and-dogs-before-and-during-supplementation-with-fructo-oligosaccharides-fos-and-inulin-using-high-throughput-454-pyrosequencing
#6
Jose F Garcia-Mazcorro, Jose R Barcenas-Walls, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner
Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics have not been well studied with regard to the changes they trigger on the composition of the gut microbiota. This study evaluated the effect of a commercially available nutraceutical containing fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin on the fecal microbiota of healthy cats and dogs when administered for 16 days...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439447/the-development-of-a-veterans-health-administration-emergency-management-research-agenda
#7
Aram Dobalian, Maria Claver, Deborah Riopelle, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Ismelda Canelo
INTRODUCTION: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated healthcare delivery system in the United States, is charged with ensuring timely access to high-quality care for veterans during disasters, and supporting national, state, local, and tribal emergency management and homeland security efforts. In 2008, the VHA Office of Public Health (OPH) sponsored the first VHA Emergency Management Research Agenda-setting conference to develop research priorities that address the needs of veterans and to position VHA as a national leader in emergency management by having VHA serve as a "laboratory" for the development of evidence-based emergency management practices...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439406/angiographic-anatomy-of-the-extracranial-and-intracranial-portions-of-the-internal-carotid-arteries-in-donkeys
#8
Nurul Hayah Khairuddin, Martin Sullivan, Patrick J Pollock
BACKGROUND: In horses, the extracranial and intracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery has been described. The extracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery begins at the carotid termination and runs on the dorsal surface of the medial compartment of the guttural pouch. Thereafter the internal carotid artery passes through the foramen lacerum to continue intracranially, forming part of the rostrolateral quadrants of the cerebral arterial circle (Circle of Willis). The objectives of this study were to define and record the anatomy of the carotid arterial tree and the internal carotid artery in donkeys using angiographic techniques...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439396/antibiotics-impact-plant-traits-even-at-small-concentrations
#9
Vanessa Minden, Andrea Deloy, Anna Martina Volkert, Sara Diana Leonhardt, Gesine Pufal
Antibiotics of veterinary origin are released to agricultural fields via grazing animals or manure. Possible effects on human health through the consumption of antibiotic exposed crop plants have been intensively investigated. However, information is still lacking on the effects of antibiotics on plants themselves, particularly on non-crop species, although evidence suggests adverse effects of antibiotics on growth and performance of plants. This study evaluated the effects of three major antibiotics, penicillin, sulfadiazine and tetracycline, on the germination rates and post-germinative traits of four plant species during ontogenesis and at the time of full development...
March 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439355/using-the-entrustable-professional-activities-framework-in-the-assessment-of-procedural-skills
#10
Debra Pugh, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti, Samantha Halman, Irene W Y Ma, Maria Mylopoulos, David Shanks, Lynfa Stroud
BACKGROUND: The entrustable professional activity (EPA) framework has been identified as a useful approach to assessment in competency-based education. To apply an EPA framework for assessment, essential skills necessary for entrustment to occur must first be identified. OBJECTIVE: Using an EPA framework, our study sought to (1) define the essential skills required for entrustment for 7 bedside procedures expected of graduates of Canadian internal medicine (IM) residency programs, and (2) develop rubrics for the assessment of these procedural skills...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438737/association-of-tenofovir-use-with-risk-of-incident-heart-failure-in-hiv-infected-patients
#11
Ruijun Chen, Rebecca Scherzer, Priscilla Y Hsue, Vasantha Jotwani, Michelle M Estrella, Michael A Horberg, Carl Grunfeld, Michael G Shlipak
BACKGROUND: The antiretroviral medication, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), is used by most human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons in the United States despite higher risks of chronic kidney disease. Although chronic kidney disease is a strong risk factor for heart failure (HF), the association of TDF with incident HF is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 21 435 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients in the United States Veterans Health Administration actively using antiretrovirals between 2002 and 2011...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438646/assessment-of-a-revised-wartime-experiences-scale-for-vietnam-era-women-the-health-of-vietnam-era-women-s-study-healthviews
#12
Lisa Marie Sternke, Tracey Serpi, Avron Spiro, Rachel Kimerling, Amy M Kilbourne, Yasmin Cypel, Susan M Frayne, Joan Furey, Grant D Huang, Matthew J Reinhard, Kathryn Magruder
PURPOSE: Few wartime experiences scales capture unique issues related to women's service, address their military roles, or have been validated with women. The Women's Wartime Stressor Scale was developed for use with women who served during the Vietnam era, primarily as nurses in Vietnam. We revised this measure by modifying existing items, adding new items, and revising response formats to create a scale less nursing specific and nondeployment specific, and conducted a preliminary assessment of the revised scale...
April 21, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438513/rapid-response-impulsivity-predicts-depression-and-ptsd-symptomatology-at-1-year-follow-up-in-blast-exposed-service-members
#13
James M Bjork, Thomas K Burroughs, Laura M Franke, Treven C Pickett, Sade E Johns, F Gerard Moeller, William C Walker
OBJECTIVE: To determine if elevated rapid-response impulsivity following blast exposure (as a putative marker of ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC) damage) is predictive of future elevated affective symptomatology in blast-exposed service members. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with neurocognitive testing at initial assessment and one-year follow-up assessment of psychiatric symptomatology by telephone interview. SETTING: Veterans Administration medical centers and post-deployment assessment centers at military bases...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438295/risk-factors-for-oropharynx-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-veterans
#14
Erin Y Chew, Christine M Hartman, Peter A Richardson, Jose P Zevallos, Andrew G Sikora, Jennifer R Kramer, Elizabeth Y Chiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate HIV-related and other clinical risk factors associated with oropharynx cancer (OPSCC) in HIV-infected U.S. Veterans. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study utilizing Veterans Affairs HIV Clinical Case Registry (CCR) data from 1985 to 2010. Outcome was incident OPSCC as indicated by 1 inpatient or 2 outpatient ICD-9 codes. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each risk factor on the time to OPSCC diagnosis...
May 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438112/h3n2-canine-influenza-virus-infection-in-a-dog
#15
C E Watson, C Bell, K Toohey-Kurth
In 2015, H3N2 canine influenza emerged in dogs in the greater Chicago area. During this time, a 10-year-old German Shepherd dog presented to the referring veterinarian with lethargy and coughing that quickly progressed to death. This report describes the macroscopic and microscopic lesions and the molecular testing performed to identify the novel North American H3N2 strain of canine influenza. The larynx, pharynx, and trachea were covered by a fibrinonecrotic membrane. Bilaterally, the lungs had multifocal subpleural necrosis of the caudal lung lobes with hemorrhage, congestion, and pulmonary edema...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438089/feline-biliary-tree-and-gallbladder-disease
#16
Corma Ma Otte, Louis C Penning, Jan Rothuizen
Practical relevance Diseases of the biliary tree and gallbladder are more common in cats than diseases of the liver parenchyma. The parenchyma is usually affected secondarily to systemic illnesses, while the biliary system is the prime target for infectious agents (eg, bacteria and flukes) and non-infectious conditions (eg, neoplasia and cysts). Clinical approaches Cats with biliary disease are evaluated because of common feline clinical signs such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Icterus may or may not be obvious...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438086/feline-leprosy-due-to-candidatus-mycobacterium-tarwinense
#17
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the first in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to Candidatus 'Mycobacterium tarwinense', the most common cause of feline leprosy in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with Candidatus 'M tarwinense' infection...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438085/the-feline-blood-film
#18
John W Harvey
Practical relevance: Many veterinary practices have invested in quality automated hematology instruments for use in-house. However, regardless of the specific choice of analyzer, there are important hematology findings that can only be determined by microscopic examination of stained blood films. For this reason, and also for the purpose of quality control for the analyzer, a quick blood film review should be performed alongside every automated complete blood count. Even those practices that submit their blood samples to outside diagnostic laboratories for evaluation, still require the capability to examine stained blood films in emergency situations...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437951/hot-spot-relaxation-time-current-dependence-in-niobium-nitride-waveguide-integrated-superconducting-nanowire-single-photon-detectors
#19
Simone Ferrari, Vadim Kovalyuk, Wladislaw Hartmann, Andreas Vetter, Oliver Kahl, Changhyoup Lee, Alexander Korneev, Carsten Rockstuhl, Gregory Gol'tsman, Wolfram Pernice
We investigate how the bias current affects the hot-spot relaxation dynamics in niobium nitride. We use for this purpose a near-infrared pump-probe technique on a waveguide-integrated superconducting nanowire single-photon detector driven in the two-photon regime. We observe a strong increase in the picosecond relaxation time for higher bias currents. A minimum relaxation time of (22 ± 1) ps is obtained when applying a bias current of 50% of the switching current at 1.7 K bath temperature. We also propose a practical approach to accurately estimate the photon detection regimes based on the reconstruction of the measured detector tomography at different bias currents and for different illumination conditions...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
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