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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053642/allelic-expression-imbalance-in-the-human-retinal-transcriptome-and-potential-impact-on-inherited-retinal-diseases
#1
Pablo Llavona, Michele Pinelli, Margherita Mutarelli, Veer Singh Marwah, Simone Schimpf-Linzenbold, Sebastian Thaler, Efdal Yoeruek, Jan Vetter, Susanne Kohl, Bernd Wissinger
Inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) are often associated with variable clinical expressivity (VE) and incomplete penetrance (IP). Underlying mechanisms may include environmental, epigenetic, and genetic factors. Cis-acting expression quantitative trait loci (cis-eQTLs) can be implicated in the regulation of genes by favoring or hampering the expression of one allele over the other. Thus, the presence of such loci elicits allelic expression imbalance (AEI) that can be traced by massive parallel sequencing techniques...
October 20, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053306/gw170814-a-three-detector-observation-of-gravitational-waves-from-a-binary-black-hole-coalescence
#2
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, P Cerdá-Durán, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chase, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, H Chia, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, P Clearwater, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, D Cohen, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, I Cordero-Carrión, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, G Dálya, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, N Demos, T Denker, T Dent, R De Pietri, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, C De Rossi, R DeSalvo, O de Varona, J Devenson, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, C Dreissigacker, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, P Dupej, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, D Estevez, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, C Fee, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, D Finstad, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, M Fishbach, R P Fisher, M Fitz-Axen, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, J A Font, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, E M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, B R Hall, E D Hall, E Z Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S J Kapadia, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, K Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, T D Knowles, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, S D Linker, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, L McNeill, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, M C Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S Morisaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, A Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A Muñiz, M Muratore, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, J Neilson, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Nery, A Neunzert, L Nevin, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, C North, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, G D O'Dea, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M A Okada, M Oliver, P Oppermann, R J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, S Ossokine, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, Howard Pan, Huang-Wei Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, A Parida, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, M Patil, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pirello, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, G Pratten, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, B Rajbhandari, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, A Ramos-Buades, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, W Ren, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, G Rutins, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, L E Sanchez, N Sanchis-Gual, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, M Scheel, J Scheuer, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, M B Shaner, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, L P Singer, A Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, S Somala, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, K Staats, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, S P Stevenson, R Stone, D J Stops, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, A Strunk, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, J Suresh, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, S C Tait, C Talbot, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J D Tasson, J A Taylor, R Taylor, S V Tewari, T Theeg, F Thies, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, A Torres-Forné, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, L Tsukada, D Tsuna, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, W H Wang, Y F Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, J Westerweck, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Wilken, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, D M Wysocki, S Xiao, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, L Yang, M J Yap, M Yazback, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, A B Zimmerman, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5_{-3.0}^{+5.7}M_{⊙} and 25.3_{-4.2}^{+2.8}M_{⊙} (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540_{-210}^{+130}  Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z=0...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052523/longitudinal-study-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-and-infection-in-a-cohort-of-swine-veterinarians-in-the-united-states
#3
Jisun Sun, My Yang, Srinand Sreevatsan, Jeffrey B Bender, Randall S Singer, Todd P Knutson, Douglas G Marthaler, Peter R Davies
BACKGROUND: People working with pigs are at elevated risk of harboring methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in their nose, which is attributable to occupational exposure to animals harboring livestock adapted S. aureus. To obtain insight into the biological nature of occupationally related nasal culture positivity, we conducted a longitudinal study of 66 swine veterinarians in the USA. METHODS: The study cohort resided in 15 US states and worked predominantly with swine...
October 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052464/longitudinal-study-of-objective-and-subjective-cognitive-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-oef-oif-veterans-with-and-without-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Kerry Donnelly, James P Donnelly, Gary C Warner, C James Kittleson, Paul R King
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in post-deployment objective and subjective cognitive performance in combat Veterans over 18 months, relative to traumatic brain injury (TBI) status and psychological distress. METHOD: This prospective cohort study examined 500 Veterans from Upstate New York at four time points, six months apart. TBI status was determined by a structured clinical interview. Neuropsychological instruments focused on attention, memory, and executive functions...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052434/a-virtual-clinic-improves-pneumococcal-vaccination-coverage-among-patients-living-with-hiv-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#5
Charles M Burns, Richard E Banks, Brigid M Wilson, Rebecca R Carter, Robin L P Jump, Federico Perez
People living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should receive pneumococcal vaccinations as part of their routine health maintenance. Our goal was to create a "virtual clinic" to help increase rates of pneumococcal vaccination among people living with HIV without adding substantially to the workload of primary providers. We used administrative data from our Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center to identify a cohort of veterans living with HIV who were not current with either the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) or both...
October 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052041/suicide-of-isolated-inmates-suffering-from-psychiatric-disorders-when-a-preventive-measure-becomes-punitive
#6
S Grassi, G Mandarelli, M Polacco, G Vetrugno, A G Spagnolo, Fabio De-Giorgio
We performed external autopsies and examinations on two inmates who had committed suicide by hanging themselves with their underwear and using the window bars of their cells as ligature points after they had been placed in solitary confinement. In one case, the inmate had even been deprived of her clothing (with the exception to her underwear). Underwear has been rarely described as a means for self-harm and, to the best of our knowledge, no previous study has focused on cases of prison suicides committed using this garment, even though it is available to every inmate...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051788/emerging-oral-targeted-therapies-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-opportunities-and-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Marcel Vetter, Markus F Neurath
To improve quality of life and prevent long-term risks in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs: Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), it is essential to suppress inflammatory activity adequately. However, corticosteroids are only suitable for therapy of acute flares and the evidence for positive effects of immunosuppressive substances like azathioprine or 6-mercapropurine is mainly limited to maintenance of remission. In addition, only subgroups of patients benefit from biologicals targeting tumour necrosis factor α or α4β7 integrins...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051574/florfenicol-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-autophagy-in-fibroblasts
#8
Dongfang Hu, Shengliang Cao, Guihua Zhang, Yihong Xiao, Sidang Liu, Yingli Shang
Florfenicol (FLO) is one of the most popular antibiotics used in veterinary clinic and aquaculture. FLO can inhibit both bacterial and mitochondrial protein synthesis. However, the effects of FLO on mitochondrial function and cellular homeostasis remain unclear. Here we show that FLO inhibits expression of mitochondrial DNA-encoded proteins, decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, and promotes generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vitro. As a result, activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I and IV and the cellular ATP level are decreased and mitochondrial morphology is damaged...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051566/characterization-of-old-rhdv-strains-by-complete-genome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-genetic-group
#9
Ana M Lopes, Diogo Silvério, Maria J Magalhães, Helena Areal, Paulo C Alves, Pedro J Esteves, Joana Abrantes
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is a veterinary disease that affects the European rabbit and has a significant economic and ecological negative impact. In Portugal, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) was reported in 1989 and still causes enzootic outbreaks. Several recombination events have been detected in RHDV strains, including in the first reported outbreak. Here we describe the occurrence of recombination in RHDV strains recovered from rabbit and Iberian hare samples collected in the mid-1990s in Portugal...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051315/future-of-keeping-pet-reptiles-and-amphibians-towards-integrating-animal-welfare-human-health-and-environmental-sustainability
#10
REVIEW
Frank Pasmans, Serge Bogaerts, Johan Braeckman, Andrew A Cunningham, Tom Hellebuyck, Richard A Griffiths, Max Sparreboom, Benedikt R Schmidt, An Martel
The keeping of exotic pets is currently under debate and governments of several countries are increasingly exploring the regulation, or even the banning, of exotic pet keeping. Major concerns are issues of public health and safety, animal welfare and biodiversity conservation. The keeping of reptiles and amphibians in captivity encompasses all the potential issues identified with keeping exotic pets, and many of those relating to traditional domestic pets. Within the context of risks posed by pets in general, the authors argue for the responsible and sustainable keeping of reptile and amphibian pets by private persons, based on scientific evidence and on the authors' own expertise (veterinary medicine, captive husbandry, conservation biology)...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051311/quantitative-analysis-of-antibiotic-usage-in-british-sheep-flocks
#11
Peers Davies, John G Remnant, Martin J Green, Emily Gascoigne, Nick Gibbon, Robert Hyde, Jack R Porteous, Kiera Schubert, Fiona Lovatt, Alexander Corbishley
The aim of this study was to examine the variation in antibiotic usage between 207 commercial sheep flocks using their veterinary practice prescribing records. Mean and median prescribed mass per population corrected unit (mg/PCU) was 11.38 and 5.95, respectively and closely correlated with animal defined daily dose (ADDD) 1.47 (mean), 0.74 (median) (R(2)=0.84, P<0.001). This is low in comparison with the suggested target (an average across all the UK livestock sectors) of 50 mg/PCU. In total, 80 per cent of all antibiotic usage occurred in the 39 per cent of flocks where per animal usage was greater than 9...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051310/adverse-reactions-to-two-intravenous-antibiotics-augmentin-and-zinacef-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-in-dogs
#12
Mark James Gosling, Fernando Martínez-Taboada
Antibiotic prophylaxis in dogs undergoing surgical procedures frequently involves the administration of a product without a veterinary licence. Two drugs commonly used for this purpose are the clavulanate amoxicillin Augmentin and the cefuroxime Zinacef. This prospective observational study aims to compare the incidence of adverse events associated with these two antibiotics in a clinical setting. The authors hypothesised that a higher incidence of adverse effects would be observed with Augmentin. Sixty-five dogs were included in the study and adverse events were recorded using a modified scoring system...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051300/exploring-human-and-animal-health
#13
(no author information available yet)
One week studying veterinary public health may not be everyone's cup of tea, but as Cambridge vet student Emma Simpson explains, for the eight students who attended this year's Veterinary Public Health Association Masterclass in Edinburgh, it ticked all the right boxes.
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051294/equine-disease-surveillance-quarterly-summary
#14
(no author information available yet)
of surveillance testing, April to June 2017International disease occurrence in the second quarter of 2017These are among matters discussed in the most recent quarterly equine disease surveillance report, prepared by Defra, the Animal Health Trust and the British Equine Veterinary Association.
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051291/bogus-vet-sentenced-to-3-year-prison-term
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051158/family-veto-in-organ-donation-in-canada-framing-within-english-language-newspaper-articles
#16
Samantha J Anthony, Maeghan Toews, Timothy Caulfield, Linda Wright
BACKGROUND: Because organ transplantation relies on public support for donation, an analysis of public discourse around organ donation is essential. We investigated the portrayal of family veto - when a family overrides the deceased person's prior legally executed wishes to donate - in Canadian news media. METHODS: Using the Canadian Newsstream database, we identified articles published in English-language newspapers addressing family veto between 2000 and 2016...
October 17, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050999/chemical-capture-of-impala-aepyceros-melampus-a-review-of-factors-contributing-to-morbidity-and-mortality
#17
REVIEW
Gareth E Zeiler, Leith C R Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To review the factors that contribute to morbidity and mortality of impala undergoing chemical capture, and discuss how they are potentially mitigated. DATABASES USED: PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital records. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Impala are an important species of antelope in Africa and are often captured during management procedures, veterinary interventions and research projects...
May 18, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050434/microbial-loads-and-antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-different-types-of-raw-poultry-based-meat-preparations
#18
Laura Buzón-Durán, Rosa Capita, Carlos Alonso-Calleja
The hygiene status of raw chicken-meat preparations from retail outlets in North-Western Spain was investigated. Microbial counts (aerobic plate counts (APCs), psychrotrophs, Enterobacteriaceae, fecal coliforms, enterococci, pseudomonads, fluorescent pseudomonads, yeasts and molds, and Staphylococcus aureus) were determined for minced meat, hamburgers, nuggets, white sausages, red sausages, escalope, and roll-ups. S. aureus isolates were tested for susceptibility to twenty antimicrobials of veterinary and human clinical significance (disc diffusion method, CLSI)...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050417/influence-of-swimming-time-in-alleviating-the-deleterious-effects-of-hot-summer-on-growing-muscovy-duck-performance
#19
Mohamed F A Farghly, Khalid M Mahrose, Zafar Ullah, Zaib Ur Rehman, Chan Ding
This experiment was conducted to observe the effects of varying swimming times (ST) of Muscovy ducks, raised in an open-sided house, in alleviating the deleterious effects of high temperature in hotter times of the day in the summer season on growth performance (body weight, average daily gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio), carcass characteristics, body temperature, and some health aspects. We hypothesized that swimming times during the hottest periods of the day would show different performances...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049108/the-perioperative-surgical-home-is-not-just-a-name
#20
Edward R Mariano, Thomas R Vetter, Zeev N Kain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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