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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927258/a-proteomics-based-approach-reveals-differential-regulation-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-proteins-between-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-obese-patients
#1
Assim A Alfadda, Afshan Masood, Mohammed Y Al-Naami, Pierre Chaurand, Hicham Benabdelkamel
Obesity and the metabolic disorders that constitute metabolic syndrome are a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Nonetheless, the changes in the proteins and the underlying molecular pathways involved in the relevant pathogenesis are poorly understood.In this study a proteomic analysis of the visceral adipose tissue isolated from metabolically healthy and unhealthy obese patients was used to identify presence of altered pathway(s) leading to metabolic dysfunction. Samples were obtained from 18 obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and were subdivided into two groups based on the presence or absence of comorbidities as defined by the International Diabetes Federation...
September 20, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912411/-early-vats-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-was-effective-for-a-case-of-chylothorax-after-lung-cancer-excision
#2
Ken Takeuchi, Kazunori Kamiya, Akira Yoshizu
A 66-year-old man underwent a right upper lobectomy and lymph node dissection for lung cancer. We confirmed a milky white pleural effusion after diet initiation on the first postoperative day, and a chylothorax was diagnosed. The patient began a f at-restricted diet; however, the pleural effusion did not decrease. Therefore, we performed VATS(video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery)1 week after surgery with good results. Early VATS for a postoperative chylothorax was useful.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889136/electro-navigational-bronchoscopy-for-bilateral-peripheral-lung-lesions-a-case-report
#3
A H Faisal, A W Sopian, H Tidi
Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB), one of the methods of navigational bronchoscopy is an advanced diagnostic tool allowing tissue sampling at the lung peripheries which were previously accessible only by computed tomography (CT) guidance or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). We report a 53-year-old man who presented with a cough and dyspnea with constitutional symptoms for one month. CT thorax revealed multiple bilateral peripheral lung nodules and there were no endobronchial lesions on flexible bronchoscopy...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866786/a-pitfall-of-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-a-case-with-intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications
#4
Motoki Yano, Hiroki Numanami, Masayuki Yamaji, Rumiko Taguchi, Chihiro Furuta, Masayuki Haniuda
We have reported the usefulness of the subxiphoid approach in thymectomy. However, such a new operation method may have unknown complications that rarely occur. Surgeons cannot completely avoid intraoperative and postoperative complications. We report a case of intraoperative injury of the orifice of the left internal thoracic vein flowing to the left brachiocephalic vein and postoperative pericarditis following video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) thymectomy. The innominate vein has been considered to be the vessel that is most frequently injured especially at the orifice of the thymic veins...
September 2, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861859/sodium-hydroxide-as-a-sclerosing-agent-in-patients-with-neoplastic-pleural-effusion-non-candidates-for-vats-results-of-a-minimally-invasive-protocol
#5
Micaela Raices, Matías E Czerwonko, Agustin Dietrich, Alejandro Da Lozzo, Enrique Beveraggi, David Smith
Symptomatic neoplastic pleural effusion (SNPE) is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with advanced neoplastic disease. These patients often present a deteriorated general condition which prevents them from undergoing pleurodesis with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). We developed a minimally invasive therapeutic protocol specially designed for this population, achieved by combining chemical pleurodesis with placement of small-bore pleural catheters (PC), which resulted in early hospital discharge, low morbimortality and good therapeutic results...
August 31, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861425/single-incision-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-evaluation-and-emergent-surgery-for-severe-lung-and-chest-wall-injury-after-thoracic-trauma-in-a-water-park
#6
Julio Sesma, Melodie Alvarez, Francisco Lirio, Carlos Galvez, Maria Galiana, Benno Baschwitz, Francisca Fornes, Sergio Bolufer
Thoracic trauma is a challenging situation with potential severe chest wall and intrathoracic organ injuries. We present a case of emergent surgery in a 23-year-old man with hemorrhagic shock due to massive lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water slide. We performed a SI-VATS approach in order to define intrathoracic and chest wall injuries, and once checked the extension of the chest wall injury, we added a middle size thoracotomy just over the affected area in order to stabilize rib fractures with Judet plates, that had caused massive laceration in left lower lobe (LLL) and injured the pericardium causing myocardical tear...
August 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858083/robotic-versus-thoracoscopic-lung-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Emmert, Carmen Straube, Judith Buentzel, Christian Roever
BACKGROUND: Robotic video-assisted surgery (RVATS) has been reported to be equally effective to video-assisted surgery (VATS) in lung resection (pneumonectomy, lobectomy, and segmentectomy). Operation time, mortality, drainage duration, and length of hospitalization of patients undergoing either RVATS or VATS are compared in this meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic research for articles meeting our inclusion criteria was performed using the PubMed database. Articles published from January 2011 to January 2016 were included...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856831/metachronous-solitary-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastases-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-by-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-twice-report-of-a-case
#8
Masatake Taniguchi, Masanobu Hyodo, Kenji Tezuka, Shoichi Shinohara, Hirofumi Hayashi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Hirotake Satoh, Munetoshi Tsukahara, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Masaki Okada, Yoshikazu Yasuda
Solitary mediastinal lymph node metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rare. We report a case of metachronically solitary mediastinal metastases of HCC treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) twice. A 66-year-old man underwent repeated laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation or trans-arterial catheter chemo-embolization against HCC for more than 10 years. The level of alpha fetoprotein protein was elevated, and radiological modalities including FDG-PET revealed solitary mediastinal tumor metachronically...
August 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856408/three-dimensional-ct-angiography-of-anatomic-variations-in-the-pulmonary-arterial-tree
#9
Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Chloé Blanchard, Jules Iquille, Sophie Lafitte, Pierre-Louis Beuvry, David Michel, Geoni Merlusca, Eric Havet, Pascal Berna
PURPOSE: Anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree can cause technical difficulties during pulmonary lobectomy in general and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Using CT angiography and 3D reconstruction, we sought to identify anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree and assess their respective frequencies. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 88 pulmonary arterial trees in 44 patients having undergone VATS lobectomy for lung cancer over an 18-month period in Amiens University Hospital's Department of Thoracic Surgery...
August 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854409/spontaneous-regression-of-anterior-mediastinal-seminoma-with-normalization-of-%C3%AE-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels
#10
Zaiqiang Yu, Daisuke Kimura, Takao Tsushima, Ikuo Fukuda
INTRODUCTION: Although spontaneous regression (SR) of anterior mediastinal seminoma is very rare with normalization of β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is the most effective solution for definite diagnosis of indeterminate anterior mediastinal masses. DIAGNOSIS, THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS, AND OUTCOMES: A rare case of an asymptomatic 37-year-old man with an anterior mediastinal mass that was detected on a routine chest X-ray is presented...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845317/arterial-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-treated-successfully-with-totally-endoscopic-first-rib-resection
#11
Sofoklis Mitsos, Davide Patrini, Sara Velo, Achilleas Antonopoulos, Martin Hayward, Robert S George, David Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a constellation of signs and symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular structures in the thoracic outlet. TOS may be classified as either neurogenic TOS (NTOS) or vascular TOS: venous TOS (VTOS) or arterial TOS (ATOS), depending on the specific structure being affected. The basis for the surgical treatment of TOS is resection of the first rib, and it may be combined with scalenectomy or cervical rib resection. Herein, we describe a case of arterial thoracic outlet syndrome which was successfully treated with totally endoscopic video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) first rib resection...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840015/a-review-of-the-management-of-complex-para-pneumonic-effusion-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Vikas Koppurapu, Nikhil Meena
A complex para-pneumonic effusion is a descriptive term for exudative effusions, which complicate or are likely to complicate the anatomy of the pleural space after pneumonia. We performed an online search was performed using the resources PubMed and Google Scholar to provide an update on the management of such effusions based on review of published literature. Search terms including pleural effusion (PE), parapneumonic effusion, and empyema were used. Relevant studies were identified and original articles were studied, compared and summarized...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840002/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-intrathoracic-first-rib-resection-in-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#13
Jinwook Hwang, Byung-Ju Min, Won-Min Jo, Jae Seung Shin
BACKGROUND: First rib resection is a surgical treatment for decompressing the neurovascular structures in thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Historically, extrathoracic approaches have used a posterior, supraclavicular, or transaxillary incision to remove the first rib. In this report, we demonstrate video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for intrathoracic first rib resection (VATS-IFRR). METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, eight patients underwent VATS-IFRR for TOS. Surgery was performed through two 5-mm ports and one 10-mm port...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839999/a-comparison-of-three-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-early-stage-thymomas-robot-assisted-thoracic-surgery-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-median-sternotomy
#14
Liqiang Qian, Xiaoke Chen, Jia Huang, Hao Lin, Feng Mao, Xiaojing Zhao, Qingquan Luo, Zhengping Ding
BACKGROUND: This aim of this study was to compare three approaches of extended thymectomy for the treatment of early-stage thymomas, which included robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS), video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and median sternotomy (MS) perioperative parameters. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 123 patients with early stage thymomas at Shanghai Chest Hospital who underwent extended thymectomy between February 2009 and August 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837796/videothoracoscopic-surgery-before-and-after-chest-tube-drainage-for-children-with-complicated-parapneumonic-effusion
#15
Rogério Knebel, José Carlos Fraga, Sérgio Luis Amantéa, Paola Brolin Santis Isolan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of videothoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion (CPPE) and to determine whether there is a difference in the VATS outcome before or after the chest tube drainage. METHODS: The medical records of 79 children (mean age 35 months) undergoing VATS from January 2000 to December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The same treatment algorithm was used in the management of all patients...
August 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827671/muscle-and-adipose-tissue-morphology-insulin-sensitivity-and-beta-cell-function-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-obese-patients-effects-of-bariatric-surgery
#16
Stefania Camastra, Alessandra Vitali, Marco Anselmino, Amalia Gastaldelli, Rosario Bellini, Rossana Berta, Ilenia Severi, Simona Baldi, Brenno Astiarraga, Giorgio Barbatelli, Saverio Cinti, Ele Ferrannini
Obesity is characterized by insulin-resistance (IR), enhanced lipolysis, and ectopic, inflamed fat. We related the histology of subcutaneous (SAT), visceral fat (VAT), and skeletal muscle to the metabolic abnormalities, and tested their mutual changes after bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetic (T2D) and weight-matched non-diabetic (ND) patients. We measured IR (insulin clamp), lipolysis ((2)H5-glycerol infusion), ß-cell glucose-sensitivity (ß-GS, mathematical modeling), and VAT, SAT, and rectus abdominis histology (light and electron microscopy)...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819533/catamenial-pneumothorax-revealing-diaphragmatic-endometriosis-a-case-report-and-revue-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Sana Aissa, Wafa Benzarti, Faouzi Alimi, Imen Gargouri, Halima Ben Salem, Amène Aissa, Khadija Fathallah, Atef Ben Abdelkade, Rafika Alouini, Abdelhamid Garrouche, Abdelaziz Hayoun, Ahmed Abdelghani, Mohamed Benzarti
Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare entity of spontaneous, recurring pneumothorax in women. We aim to discuss the etiology, clinical course, and surgical treatment of a 42-year-old woman with CP. This patient had a right-sided spontaneous pneumothoraces occurred one week after menses. She had under-gone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) because of a persistent air leak under chest tube. VATS revealed multiple diaphragmatic fenestrations with an upper right nodule. Defects were removed and a large part of the diaphragm was resected...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816968/two-portal-versus-three-port-video-assist-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-early-stage-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#18
Xiaokun Yan, Xiaochun Chen, Guangbin Li, Shaomu Chen
This study was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes of two-portal and three-port video-assist thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for early stage nonsmall cell lung cancer.In this retrospective analysis, 279 cases of two-port VATS with a single utility port and 152 cases of three-port VATS performed by our department from October 2010 to December 2014 were collected. The operative time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, number of dissected lymph nodes, volume of postoperative pleural drainage, postoperative extubation time, and duration of postoperative hospitalization were compared between these 2 groups...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816221/why-india-needs-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats
#19
Sai Yendamuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815070/supracarinal-dissection-of-the-oesophagus-and-lymphadenectomy-by-mie
#20
REVIEW
Harushi Osugi, Kousuke Narumiya, Kenji Kudou
Since 1995, video-assisted thoracoscopic oesophagectomy (VATS), according the same surgical principles as the Japanese open surgery, has been completed in 700 patients with oesophageal cancer. Our indication for VATS is (I) no extensive pleural adhesion; (II) no contiguous tumor spread; (III) pulmonary function capable of sustaining single-lung ventilation, and (IV) non radiated patients. We use 4 ports around a 5 cm mini-thoracotomy on 5th intercostal space. We laid emphasis on utilizing magnifying effect of video (5 to 20 magnifications), obtained by positioning the camera at close vicinity to the dissection...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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