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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222713/the-mental-health-status-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-attending-a-refugee-health-clinic-including-comparisons-with-a-matched-sample-of-australian-born-residents
#1
Frances Shawyer, Joanne C Enticott, Andrew A Block, I-Hao Cheng, Graham N Meadows
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to survey refugees and asylum-seekers attending a Refugee Health Service in Melbourne, Australia to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders based on screening measures and with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specifically highlighted. A secondary aim was to compare the prevalence findings with Australian-born matched comparators from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 135 refugees and asylum-seeker participants using instruments including Kessler-10 (K10) and PTSD-8 to obtain estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders...
February 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218388/the-new-neuromuscular-disease-related-with-defects-in-the-asc-1-complex-report-of-a-second-case-confirms-ascc1-involvement
#2
Jorge Oliveira, Márcia Martins, Rosário Pinto Leite, Mário Sousa, Rosário Santos
Next-generation sequencing technology aided the identification of the underlying genetic cause in a female newborn with a severe neuromuscular disorder. The patient presented generalized hypotonia, congenital bone fractures, lack of spontaneous movements and poor respiratory effort. She died within the first days of life. Karyotyping and screening for several genes related with neuromuscular diseases all tested negative. A male sibling was subsequently born with the same clinical presentation. Whole-exome sequencing was performed with variant filtering assuming a recessive disease model...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212379/distribution-and-abundance-of-key-vectors-of-rift-valley-fever-and-other-arboviruses-in-two-ecologically-distinct-counties-in-kenya
#3
Rosemary Sang, Samwel Arum, Edith Chepkorir, Gladys Mosomtai, Caroline Tigoi, Faith Sigei, Olivia Wesula Lwande, Tobias Landmann, Hippolyte Affognon, Clas Ahlm, Magnus Evander
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis of ruminants and humans that causes outbreaks in Africa and the Arabian Peninsula with significant public health and economic consequences. Humans become infected through mosquito bites and contact with infected livestock. The virus is maintained between outbreaks through vertically infected eggs of the primary vectors of Aedes species which emerge following rains with extensive flooding. Infected female mosquitoes initiate transmission among nearby animals, which amplifies virus, thereby infecting more mosquitoes and moving the virus beyond the initial point of emergence...
February 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207962/validating-an-electronic-health-literacy-scale-in-an-older-hispanic-population
#4
Judith Aponte, Kathleen M Nokes
AIM: Examine the validity of the Spanish version of an instrument used to measure electronic health literacy (eHEALS) with an older Hispanic population from a number of Spanish-language countries living in New York City in the United States (US). BACKGROUND: Although the internet is available globally, complex skills are needed in order to use this source of valuable health-related information effectively. Electronic health literacy is a multifactorial concept that includes health literacy but also requires technology skills...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185830/children-with-type-1-gaucher-disease-changing-profiles-in-the-21st-century
#5
Deborah Elstein, Gheona Altarescu, Aya Abrahamov, Ari Zimran
Gaucher disease (GD) has phenotypic variability. Increased GD awareness especially among at-risk Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) and availability of non-invasive diagnosis induced trend to prenatal screening. We retrospectively assessed pediatric (<16years) Israeli AJ GD patients to ascertain demographics and phenotype at presentation and over-time because many were identified by large-scale screening. 55/67 patients born since 01/01/2000 are AJ with non-neuronopathic GD: 28 (50.9%) are N370S/N370S; 24 (43.6%) are N370S/other; 3 (3...
December 19, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173785/hcv-screening-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-homeless-and-marginally-housed-women-in-san-francisco-california
#6
Kimberly Page, Michelle Yu, Jennifer Cohen, Jennifer Evans, Martha Shumway, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a minority include women. We assessed prevalence and correlates of HCV exposure in a cohort of homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, and estimated the proportion undiagnosed. METHODS: A probability sample of 246 women were recruited at free meal programs, homeless shelters, and low-cost single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco; women with HIV were oversampled...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148804/a-microrna-screen-identifies-the-wnt-signaling-pathway-as-a-regulator-of-the-interferon-response-during-flavivirus-infection
#7
Jessica L Smith, Sophia Jeng, Shannon K McWeeney, Alec J Hirsch
: The impact of mosquito-borne flavivirus infections worldwide is significant, and many critical aspects of these viruses' biology, including virus-host interactions, host cell requirements for replication, and how virus-host interactions impact pathology, remain to be fully understood. The recent re-emergence and spread of flaviviruses, including dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), and Zika virus (ZIKV), highlights the importance of performing basic research on this important group of pathogens...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141712/significant-sleep-dysregulation-in-a-toddler-with-developmental-delay
#8
Martin T Stein, Judith Owens, Myles Abbott
Derrick's parents made an appointment with a new pediatrician for a second opinion about disordered sleep. Now 22-months old, he was evaluated at 18 months of age for developmental delay when he was found to have "a regulatory disorder associated with delays in language and motor development, hypotonia and significant sleep problems." The parents are now most concerned about his sleeping pattern. Prolonged sleep onset and frequent night awaking occur each night since 6-months of age. These problems are more severe in the past few months when he awakes screaming and cannot be settled...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141668/check-hep-c-a-community-based-approach-to-hepatitis-c-diagnosis-and-linkage-to-care-in-high-risk-populations
#9
Mary M Ford, Nirah Johnson, Eric Rude, Fabienne Laraque, Jay K Varma, Holly Hagan
CONTEXT: In New York City (NYC), an estimated 146 500 people, or 2.4% of the adult population, have chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and half may be unaware of their infection. Despite a 2014 state law requiring health care providers to screen for HCV infection in primary care settings, many high-risk HCV-positive persons are not, and a large proportion of those screened do not receive RNA testing to confirm infection, or antiviral therapies. OBJECTIVE: The NYC Department of Health's Check Hep C program was designed to increase hepatitis C diagnosis and improve linkage to care at community-based organizations...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123209/characteristics-of-pregnant-women-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-5-us-public-health-jurisdictions-2008-2012
#10
Tanja Y Walker, Emily A Smith, Nancy Fenlon, Julie E Lazaroff, Cristina Dusek, Patrick Fineis, Susan A Crowley, Ruthie Benson, Steven L Veselsky, Trudy V Murphy
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), a serologic marker of active hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, among pregnant women, and estimated the proportion HBsAg-positive pregnant women who had received additional recommended testing. METHODS: From 2008 through 2012, Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Programs (PHBPPs) in Florida, Michigan, Minnesota, New York City, and Texas prospectively collected data on demographic characteristics of HBsAg-positive pregnant women...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122637/ultra-sensitive-chemiluminescence-imaging-dna-hybridization-method-in-the-detection-of-mosquito-borne-viruses-and-parasites
#11
Yingjie Zhang, Qiqi Liu, Biao Zhou, Xiaobo Wang, Suhong Chen, Shengqi Wang
BACKGROUND: Mosquito-borne viruses (MBVs) and parasites (MBPs) are transmitted through hematophagous arthropods-mosquitoes to homoiothermous vertebrates. This study aims at developing a detection method to monitor the spread of mosquito-borne diseases to new areas and diagnose the infections caused by MBVs and MBPs. METHODS: In this assay, an ultra-sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) detection method was developed and used to simultaneously detect 19 common MBVs and MBPs...
January 25, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109502/bilateral-cochlear-nerve-absence-in-a-3-year-old-child-with-vacterl-association
#12
Milan Rudić, Winson Wong, Stuart Viner, David Strachan, Christopher Raine
We report a case of a 3 year old boy with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss diagnosed from New Born Hearing Screening, with severe form of VACTERL association. He was referred to our Cochlear Implant Unit for assessment with regard to the possibility of cochlear implantation. MRI findings have showed bilateral vestibulocochlear cystic abnormalities. Only single nerve noted within the IAM on the right and likely single nerve within the IAM on the left. Hence, decision was made not to offer cochlear implantation...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095503/detection-of-a-potential-new-bartonella-species-candidatus-bartonella-rondoniensis-in-human-biting-kissing-bugs-reduviidae-triatominae
#13
Maureen Laroche, Jean-Michel Berenger, Oleg Mediannikov, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola
BACKGROUND: Among the Reduviidae family, triatomines are giant blood-sucking bugs. They are well known in Central and South America where they transmit Trypanosoma cruzi to mammals, including humans, through their feces. This parasitic protozoan is the causative agent of Chagas disease, a major public health issue in endemic areas. Because of the medical and economic impact of Chagas disease, the presence of other arthropod-borne pathogens in triatomines was rarely investigated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, seven triatomines species involved in the transmission of T...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093717/16-novel-mutations-in-pnpla1-in-patients-with-autosomal-recessive-congenital-ichthyosis-reveal-the-importance-of-an-extended-patatin-domain-in-pnpla1-that-is-essential-for-proper-human-skin-barrier-function
#14
A D Zimmer, G J Kim, A Hotz, E Bourrat, I Hausser, C Has, V Oji, K Stieler, A Vahlquist, V Kunde, B Weber, F P W Radner, S Leclerc-Mercier, N Schlipf, P Demmer, J Küsel, J Fischer
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is a genetically heterogeneous group of rare Mendelian skin disorders characterized by cornification and differentiation defects of keratinocytes. Mutations in nine genes including PNPLA1 are known to cause non-syndromic forms of ARCI. To date, only ten distinct pathogenic mutations in PNPLA1 have been reported. OBJECTIVES: To identify new causative PNPLA1 mutations, we screened genetically unresolved cases including our ARCI collection comprising more than 700 families...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092316/expanded-newborn-screening-challenges-to-nicu-nurses
#15
Rachel A Joseph
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening programs provide testing for all newborns born in this country for conditions that can potentially cause death or disability. Currently each state is responsible for its programs and the number of disorders screened varies from state to state. The current universal recommended metabolic screening panel may include 32 to 58 disorders. Expansion of the programs has impacted the role of nurses in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Nurses are responsible for facilitating the screening process, educating the family, and assisting with follow-up...
January 12, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073308/high-lifetime-probability-of-screen-detected-cervical-abnormalities
#16
Maiju Pankakoski, Sirpa Heinävaara, Tytti Sarkeala, Ahti Anttila
Objective Regular screening and follow-up is an important key to cervical cancer prevention; however, screening inevitably detects mild or borderline abnormalities that would never progress to a more severe stage. We analysed the cumulative probability and recurrence of cervical abnormalities in the Finnish organized screening programme during a 22-year follow-up. Methods Screening histories were collected for 364,487 women born between 1950 and 1965. Data consisted of 1 207,017 routine screens and 88,143 follow-up screens between 1991 and 2012...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039935/a-systematic-model-improves-hepatitis-c-virus-birth-cohort-screening-in-hospital-based-primary-care
#17
Aparna Goel, Jennifer Sanchez, Lismeiry Paulino, Colin Feuille, Jonathan Arend, Brijen Shah, Douglas Dieterich, Ponni V Perumalswami
Despite national and local governing board recommendations in the United States of America to perform an HCV screening test in baby boomers, screening rates remain low. Our goal was to study the impact of an HCV screening and link to care program with patient navigation in two New York City primary care practices. This was a two-year prospective study of patients born between 1945-1965 ("baby boomers") with encounters at two primary care practices at the Mount Sinai Hospital between November 1, 2013 and November 30, 2015...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036115/development-and-validation-of-a-real-time-reverse-transcriptase-pcr-assay-for-sensitive-detection-of-sftsv
#18
Peibin Zeng, Zhendong Yang, Sonia Bakkour, Bingjun Wang, Shuli Qing, Jingxing Wang, Limin Chen, Michael Busch, Hua Shan, Jing Liu, Tzong-Hae Lee
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus (SFTSV) is an emerging tick-borne RNA virus recently identified as the pathogen that causes severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in China. The existing commercial nucleic acid testing (comNAT) assay with a relatively high claimed limit of quantitative detection (LOQD) is not capable of sensitive detection and quantitation of SFTSV. Thus, a new real-time reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR assay with improved sensitivity is needed for clinical diagnosis; it could also be used to screen blood donors if necessary...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035158/screening-and-purification-of-catechins-from-underutilized-tea-plant-parts-and-their-bioactivity-studies
#19
Ajay Rana, Eshita Sharma, Kiran Rawat, Ranjana Sharma, Sarika Verma, Yogendra Padwad, Ashu Gulati
Comparative investigation of major phytoconstituents was performed from various parts of tea plant viz. apical bud, subtending 1st-5th leaf, stem, coarse leaves, flowers, fruits and roots. From the results of comparative RP-HPLC-DAD analysis it was found that underutilized tea parts especially coarse leaves, flowers and fruits contains abundant amount of phenolics (17.5%) and catechins (4-5%). From these underutilized tea plant parts the catechins were extracted and purified and then screened for their anticancer, immunomodulatory effect and antimicrobial activity against food borne pathogens...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011724/toxicity-and-synergistic-activities-of-chalcones-against-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-and-drosophila-melanogaster-diptera-drosophilidae
#20
Aaron D Gross, Nurhayat Tabanca, Rafique Islam, Abbas Ali, Ikhlas A Khan, Zafer A Kaplancikli, Mehlika D Altintop, Ahmet Ozdemir, Jeffrey R Bloomquist
Mosquito-borne illnesses are of great concern throughout the world, and chemical insecticides are commonly employed to decrease mosquito populations. However, the developmental insecticide pipeline for vector control has primarily been filled by repurposed agricultural products, and is hampered by their widespread use and insecticide resistance. The present study was performed in the search for new chemical insecticides or insecticide synergists. Screening of 31 chalcone analogs was performed using Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) first-instar larval toxicity assay, and oral feeding to Drosophila melanogaster's proper authority should be (Meigen)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
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