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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049239/clinical-features-and-diagnosis-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-chinese-patients
#1
Xiaomeng Hou, Hong Zhang, Lei Kou, Wei Lv, Jingjing Lu, Ji Li
Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) has recently been recognized as a significant global health burden. In China, the diagnosis of CPA is still unfamiliar to most doctors. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the clinical manifestations and diagnoses of CPA in China.A multidisciplinary team of doctors retrospectively screened 690 records of patients diagnosed with pulmonary aspergillosis from January 2000 to December 2016 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China. Of these, 69 patients were diagnosed with CPA...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966493/clinical-manifestations-of-nocardiosis-study-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Teena Wadhwa, Usha Baveja, Navin Kumar, Deepak Govil, Sharmila Sengupta
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the predisposing risk factors, clinical presentations, laboratory parameters, and treatments taken and outcomes in patients of nocardiosis in the span of 5 years in a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients whose specimens showed Nocardia like organism in Gram-staining, Kinyoun staining and characteristic colonies in culture were included in the retrospective analysis study. Retrospective analysis of associated risk factors, clinical presentations, and radiological findings was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966166/cell-scientist-to-watch-dana-branzei
#3
(no author information available yet)
Originally from Iaşi, Romania, Dana received her bachelor's degree in pharmaceutical sciences and a master's degree in molecular and cellular biology from Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan. For her PhD, she joined the lab of Takemi Enomoto to work on DNA replication and recombination in yeast. After a short postdoc with Kunihiro Ohta at the RIKEN laboratory in Wako, Dana took a position as a staff scientist with Marco Foiani at the Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM) in Milan, Italy. There, she became a junior group leader in 2008 and tenured principal investigator in 2013...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964658/a-decade-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-training-time-based-metrics-and-qualitative-grading-for-fellows-and-residents
#4
Muammer Altok, Mary F Achim, Surena F Matin, Curtis A Pettaway, Brian F Chapin, John W Davis
OBJECTIVES: As modern urology residency and fellowship training in robot-assisted surgery evolves toward standardized curricula (didactics, dry/wet-laboratory exercises, and surgical assistance), additional tools are needed to evaluate on-console performance. At the start of our robotics program in 2006, we set-up a time- and quality-based evaluation program and aim to consolidate this data into a simple set of metrics for self-evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using our index procedure of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), we prospectively collected data on 2,215 cases over 10 years from 6 faculty surgeons and 94 trainees (43 urologic oncology fellows and 51 urology residents)...
September 27, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961309/phase-ii-study-of-bortezomib-cyclophosphamide-and-dexamethasone-as-induction-therapy-in-multiple-myeloma-dsmm-xi-trial
#5
Hermann Einsele, Monika Engelhardt, Christoph Tapprich, Jürgen Müller, Peter Liebisch, Christian Langer, Martin Kropff, Lars O Mügge, Wolfram Jung, Hans-Heinrich Wolf, Bernd Metzner, Christina Hart, Martin Gramatzki, Bernd Hertenstein, Michael Pfreundschuh, Wolf Rösler, Thomas Fischer, Georg Maschmeyer, Lothar Kanz, Georg Hess, Elke Jäger, Martin Bentz, Heinz A Dürk, Hans Salwender, Holger Hebart, Christian Straka, Stefan Knop
We assessed the safety and efficacy of bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (VCD) induction therapy in previously untreated multiple myeloma patients. A total of 414 patients received three 21-day cycles of VCD prior to autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT). Most common grade ≥3 adverse events were leucopenia (31·4%) and thrombocytopenia (6·8%). The overall response rate (ORR) by investigator-based assessment was 85·4%. Most patients (74%) underwent successful central laboratory-based molecular cytogenetic analysis...
September 29, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948882/innovating-public-participation-methods-technoscientization-and-reflexive-engagement
#6
Jan-Peter Voß, Nina Amelung
We reconstruct the innovation journey of 'citizen panels', as a family of participation methods, over four decades and across different sites of development and application. A process of aggregation leads from local practices of designing participatory procedures like the citizens jury, planning cell, or consensus conference in the 1970s and 1980s, to the disembedding and proliferation of procedural formats in the 1990s, and into the trans-local consolidation of participatory practices through laboratory-based expertise since about 2000...
October 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943541/the-correlation-between-chest-x-ray-scores-and-the-clinical-findings-in-children-and-adults-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#7
Takeshi Saraya, Takayasu Watanabe, Yayoi Tsukahara, Kosuke Ohkuma, Haruyuki Ishii, Hirokazu Kimura, Kunimasa Yan, Hajime Goto, Hajime Takizawa
Objective To compare the radiological and laboratory data of children and adults with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and to evaluate the correlation between the total affected lung area and the clinical findings. Methods We retrospectively examined the data from MPP patients who visited our hospital during the period from April 2006 to July 2014. All data were retrieved at the time of the diagnosis of MPP and were analyzed to investigate the correlation between the clinical findings and the total affected lung area using a chest X-ray scoring system...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935008/coccidioidomycosis-in-an-indoor-housed-rhesus-macaque-macaca-mulatta
#8
Mila C Kundu, Michael A Ringenberg, Denise L d'Epagnier, Heather L Haag, Sean Maguire
Coccidioides spp. are saprophytic, dimorphic fungi that are endemic to arid climates, are capable of infecting many species, and result in diverse clinical presentations. An indoor-housed laboratory rhesus macaque presented with weight loss and decreased activity and appetite. During the diagnostic evaluation, a bronchiolar-alveolar pattern in the cranial lung lobes, consistent with bronchopneumonia, was noted on radiographs. Given the poor prognosis, the macaque was euthanized. Confirming the radiographic assessment, gross necropsy findings included multifocal to coalescing areas of consolidation in the right and left cranial lung lobes...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924106/intravenous-immunoglobulin-monotherapy-for-granulomatous-lymphocytic-interstitial-lung-disease-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#9
Mizue Hasegawa, Fumikazu Sakai, Asako Okabayashi, Akitoshi Sato, Naoko Yokohori, Hideki Katsura, Chihiro Asano, Toshiko Kamata, Eitetsu Koh, Yasuo Sekine, Kenzo Hiroshima, Takashi Ogura, Tamiko Takemura
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous subset of immunodeficiency disorders. Recurrent bacterial infection is the main feature of CVID, but various non-infectious complications can occur. A 42-year-old woman presented with cough and abnormal chest X-ray shadows. Laboratory tests showed remarkable hypogammaglobulinemia. Computed tomography revealed multiple consolidation and nodules on the bilateral lung fields, systemic lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly. A surgical lung biopsy specimen provided the final diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disease in CVID, which was grouped under the term granulomatous lymphocytic interstitial lung disease...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904692/evaluation-of-bacterial-meningitis-surveillance-data-of-the-northern-region-ghana-2010-2015
#10
Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Donne Kofi Ameme, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Andrew Afari
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial meningitis is a disease of major public health importance especially for countries such as Ghana; whose northern part lies within the meningitis belt. The Northern region of Ghana has been recording cases with outbreaks over the years. In order to generate evidence to improve surveillance, we described the epidemiology of bacterial meningitis using surveillance data of the northern region. METHODS: Bacterial meningitis datasets from January 2010 to December 2015 for all the 26 districts of the Northern region were retrieved from line lists...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863010/faecal-microbiota-transplantation-establishment-of-a-clinical-application-framework
#11
Simon M D Jørgensen, Mette M Hansen, Christian Erikstrup, Jens F Dahlerup, Christian L Hvas
BACKGROUND: Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is currently being established as a second-line treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. FMT is further being considered for other infectious and inflammatory conditions. Safe and reproducible methods for donor screening, laboratory processing and clinical application of FMT are warranted. METHODS: Here, we describe the development of a complete clinical application framework for FMT. The framework has been developed to comply with the European Tissue Act, thus considering donor faeces for FMT comparable to a human tissue and not a drug...
November 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852675/live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-children-from-2009-to-2015-2016-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Herve Caspard, Raburn M Mallory, Jing Yu, Christopher S Ambrose
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis describes and consolidates findings from all studies that assessed the effectiveness of live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) against laboratory-confirmed influenza since the 2009 pandemic in children and young adults. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was conducted for articles published from January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2016. All original publications reporting an effectiveness estimate of LAIV against cases of influenza confirmed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction or culture were retained for analysis...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834558/abstracts
#13
E Cotzomi, K D Petschke, K C O'Connor, A D Paltiel
INTRODUCTION: The Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) Registry at Yale is the largest systematic categorization of IBM, consolidating demographic, natural history, and clinical management data collected from 916 patients via a self-reporting questionnaire. OBJECTIVE/METHODS: To expand and improve registry resources. The registry aims to inform patients about IBM using online tools and information disseminated via social media. For clinicians and researchers, this project aims to establish a platform for longitudinal data collection and a patient biorepository to support laboratory research...
August 23, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831577/chest-radiographic-features-of-human-metapneumovirus-infection-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Melissa A Hilmes, F Daniel Dunnavant, Sudha P Singh, Wendy D Ellis, Daniel C Payne, Yuwei Zhu, Marie R Griffin, Kathryn M Edwards, John V Williams
BACKGROUND: Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) was identified in 2001 and is a common cause of acute respiratory illness in young children. The radiologic characteristics of laboratory-confirmed HMPV acute respiratory illness in young children have not been systematically assessed. OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated the radiographic characteristics of acute respiratory illness associated with HMPV in a prospective cohort of pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included chest radiographs from children <5 years old with acute respiratory illness who were enrolled in the prospective New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN) study from 2003 to 2009 and were diagnosed with HMPV by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
August 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819056/effects-of-sublethal-doses-of-thiacloprid-and-its-formulation-calypso-%C3%A2-on-the-learning-and-memory-performance-of-honey-bees
#15
Léa Tison, Sophie Holtz, Amy Adeoye, Önder Kalkan, Nina S Irmisch, Nadja Lehmann, Randolf Menzel
Learning and memory play a central role in the behavior and communication of foraging bees. We have previously shown that chronic uptake of the neonicotinoid thiacloprid affects the behavior of honey bees in the field. Foraging behavior, homing success, navigation performance and social communication were impaired. Thiacloprid collected at a feeding site at low doses accumulates in foragers over time. Here, we applied a laboratory standard procedure (the proboscis-extension response conditioning) in order to assess which processes, acquisition, memory consolidation and/or memory retrieval were compromised after bees were fed either with thiacloprid or the formulation of thiacloprid named Calypso(®) at different sublethal doses...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817941/-a-case-of-severe-legionella-longbeachae-pneumonia-and-usefulness-of-lamp-assay
#16
Kumiko Matsushita, Kohei Hijikuro, Shohei Arita, Yu Kaneko, Masahiro Isozaki
Urinary antigen test is frequently used as a routine laboratory test for early diagnosis of Legionella infection, which is especially suitable for ordinary Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, but not for other types of Legionella. We report a case of severe pneumonia caused by Legionella longbeachae, where a method of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay contributed an important role for the early detection. This case involved an 83-year-old man who developed fever, dyspnea, and productive cough...
August 15, 2017: JARMAM: Journal of the Association for Rapid Method and Automation in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808447/predictors-for-mortality-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-tanzania
#17
Edson W Mollel, Jaffu O Chilongola
PROBLEM: Factors related to MDRTB mortality in Tanzania have not been adequately explored and reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine demographic, clinical, radiographic, and laboratory factors associated with MDRTB mortality in a Tanzanian TB Referral Hospital. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study with 193 participants. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological data were collected, and their associations with mortality among MDRTB patients were determined...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805472/network-experiences-from-a-cross-sector-biosafety-level-3-laboratory-collaboration-a-swedish-forum-for-biopreparedness-diagnostics
#18
Johanna Thelaus, Anna Lindberg, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Mona Byström, Mats Forsman, Hans Lindmark, Rickard Knutsson, Viveca Båverud, Andreas Bråve, Pontus Jureen, Annelie Lundin Zumpe, Öjar Melefors
The Swedish Forum for Biopreparedness Diagnostics (FBD) is a network that fosters collaboration among the 4 agencies with responsibility for the laboratory diagnostics of high-consequence pathogens, covering animal health and feed safety, food safety, public health and biodefense, and security. The aim of the network is to strengthen capabilities and capacities for diagnostics at the national biosafety level-3 (BSL-3) laboratories to improve Sweden's biopreparedness, in line with recommendations from the EU and WHO...
July 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802836/neocortical-prodynorphin-expression-is-transiently-increased-with-learning-implications-for-time-and-learning-dependent-neocortical-kappa-opioid-receptor-activation
#19
Ryan Loh, Sean Collins, Roberto Galvez
There are several lines of evidence that indicate a prominent role for the opioid system in the acquisition and consolidation of learned associations. Specifically, kappa opioid receptor (KOR) modulation has been demonstrated to alter various behavioral tasks including whisker trace eyeblink conditioning (WTEB). WTEB is an associative conditioning paradigm in which a neutral conditioned stimulus (CS; Whisker stimulation) is paired following a short stimulus free trace interval with a salient unconditioned stimulus that elicits a blink response (US; Eye shock)...
August 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793145/role-of-genetic-testing-in-inherited-cardiovascular-disease-a-review
#20
Allison L Cirino, Stephanie Harris, Neal K Lakdawala, Michelle Michels, Iacopo Olivotto, Sharlene M Day, Dominic J Abrams, Philippe Charron, Colleen Caleshu, Christopher Semsarian, Jodie Ingles, Harry Rakowski, Daniel P Judge, Carolyn Y Ho
Importance: Genetic testing is a valuable tool for managing inherited cardiovascular disease in patients and families, including hypertrophic, dilated, and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies and inherited arrhythmias. By identifying the molecular etiology of disease, genetic testing can improve diagnostic accuracy and refine family management. However, unique features associated with genetic testing affect the interpretation and application of results and differentiate it from traditional laboratory-based diagnostics...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
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