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Hemlata Panwar, Deepti Joshi, Garima Goel, Dinesh Asati, Kaushik Majumdar, Neelkamal Kapoor
Aims: Tzanck smear is an old but useful test for diagnosis of cutaneous dermatoses. The aim of this study was to highlight the potential usefulness and diagnostic pitfalls of Tzanck smear for diagnosis of cutaneous dermatoses and infections. Materials and Methods: This hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out on all Tzanck smears received for a period of twenty months (January 2014-August 2015). The smears were assessed to establish the utility of Tzanck smears in corroborating or excluding a diagnosis of immunobullous lesion or herpetic infection...
October 2017: Journal of Cytology
Robert G Micheletti, Arturo R Dominguez, Karolyn A Wanat
In addition to aiding the diagnosis of viral, bacterial, and fungal diseases, mineral oil preparation, Tzanck smear, and other techniques can be used to diagnose parasitic infections, neonatal pustular dermatoses, blistering diseases, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and a plethora of other benign and malignant conditions, including granulomatous diseases and tumors. In many cases, these techniques are specific, reliable, and easy to perform and interpret. In others, a certain amount of training and expertise are required...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Joshua P Hays, C Helen Malone, Will E Tausend, Brandon P Goodwin, Richard F Wagner
Herpes simplex and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) can have similar clinical presentations due to overlapping lesional morphology. We describe the unusual case of a BCC masquerading as herpes labialis due to a possible false-positive Tzanck smear. The confounding diagnosis led to a failed trial of valacyclovir and subsequent loss of the patient for 1 year before the lesion was biopsied and diagnosed as a BCC. This case report highlights the importance of careful inspection of herpetic lesions and that further investigation should be pursued if the etiology is uncertain or if the treatment is not yielding the expected results...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
Paul Wurzer, Megan R Cole, Robert P Clayton, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Omar Nunez Lopez, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Raimund Winter, Ludwik K Branski, Hal K Hawkins, Celeste C Finnerty, David N Herndon, Jong O Lee
OBJECTIVE: Burn-related immunosuppression can promote human herpesviridae infections. However, the effect of these infections on morbidity and mortality after pediatric burn injuries is unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric patients with burns ≥10% of the total body surface area (TBSA) who were admitted between 2010 and 2015. On clinical suspicion of a viral infection, antiviral therapy was initiated. Viral infection was confirmed via Tzanck smear, viral culture, and/or PCR...
August 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Yogesh S Marfatia, Devi Sathianadha Menon, Sheethal Jose, Brijesh Kumar Patel
HIV/AIDS-related immune alteration poses many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. HIV-positive 44-year-old male, on second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) presented with asymptomatic non healing, well-defined, erythematous ulcer over penis since 8 months with serosanguinous discharge. Inguinal lymph nodes were not palpable. Tzanck smear was negative. Biopsy was not done as the patient was not willing for the same. Acyclovir was given considering herpes infection to which there was no response, and hence azithromycin and metronidazole were given, without improvement...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Muhammad Sohail, Farid Ahmad Khan, Hussan Birkhez Shami, Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features, course and outcome of eczema herpeticum in burn patients. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the King Edward Medical University / Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from November 2012 to October 2015, and comprised eczema herpeticum patients. Demographic and clinical features of the patients, treatment protocols and outcomes were noted. SPSS 18 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients, 10(56%) were females and 8(44%) were males...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
A Karataş Toğral, A T Güleç
Alternaria species are becoming increasingly important opportunistic pathogens in recipients of solid organ transplant, as it has been shown that dissemination with systemic involvement is not as rare as previously reported. Therefore, rapid and accurate diagnosis is necessary for appropriate patient management. We report a patient with renal transplant who developed recurrent cutaneous alternariosis. Tzanck smear successfully and very rapidly revealed hyphae and spores in both the primary and subsequent lesions...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
F Lacarrubba, A E Verzì, M Pippione, G Micali
BACKGROUND: Vesicobullous disorders are characterized by intraepidermal or subepidermal blistering resulting from different pathogenetic mechanisms. The diagnosis is generally based on clinical examination and semi-invasive/invasive procedures such as cytology and histopathology. In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a non-invasive technique for real-time, en face imaging of the epidermis and upper dermis with high resolution close to conventional histopathology. PURPOSE: To evaluate RCM features of different vesicobullous diseases and correlate with cytologic and histopathologic examination...
November 2016: Skin Research and Technology
S K Aggarwal, S Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster is a common viral infection of skin caused by reactivation of varicella zoster virus infection from the spinal ganglia. The clinico-epidemiological patterns of this disease in an Indian setting required to be studied. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on all consecutive cases of herpes zoster reporting to the Dermatology Outpatient Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangalore during a period of one year from 01 Jun 2013 to 31 May 2014...
April 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Tingting Zhou, Siyue Fang, Chunlei Li, Hong Hua
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is one of the potentially fatal autoimmune blistering diseases. An early and accurate diagnosis is important for prognosis and therapy. It may be difficult to diagnosis based on clinical grounds alone. Direct and indirect immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the Tzanck smear test, or histopathology are all available for the diagnosis of pemphigus. However, there are no generally accepted diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of this condition at present...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
A Tulin Mansur, Gulsen T Demirci, M Adnan Uzunismail, Semsi Yildiz
Follicular hair unit extraction (FUE) is becoming a popular type of hair transplantation recently. Kaposi's varicelliform eruption (KVE) is an uncommon skin emergency due to cutaneous dissemination of several types of viruses, most notably herpes virus, over the lesions of preexisting skin disorders. A 34-year-old man visited our dermatology outpatient clinic with a blistering, itchy and tender eruption on his head and body. He had undergone follicular FUE for androgenic alopecia 12 days previously, and 5 days after the procedure, umbilicated and/or hemorrhagic vesiculopustules appeared firstly on the occipital scalp skin where the hair units were taken...
January 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Mishri Lal Khatri
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pemphigus, though not documented, seems to be quite high in Yemen. There is no universal consensus on the treatment of this disease. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of different therapeutic regimens used in patients of pemphigus in North-Western Yemen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-five Yemeni patients (39 males and 36 females) were included. Diagnosis was based on clinical features, histopathology and the Tzanck test...
February 9, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Atiya Yaeen, Qazi Masood Ahmad, Anjum Farhana, Parveen Shah, Iffat Hassan
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous cytology has long been shown to be useful in the diagnosis of several erosive, vesicular, and bullous skin lesions. The Tzanck smear although an old tool, still remains a simple, rapid, easily applied, and inexpensive test for these skin lesions. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of Tzanck smear by determining its sensitivity and specificity in various erosive, vesicular, and bullous skin lesions...
November 2015: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Soo Min Kim, Yee Jeong Kim, Nam Joon Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Annals of Dermatology
S A Farber, R G Micheletti
Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection that typically occurs in severely immunocompromised patients. Here, we report the case of a heart transplant recipient who presented with cutaneous lesions and was diagnosed with disseminated cryptococcosis and then cryptococcal meningitis on the basis of positive Tzanck smear of the lesions, confirmed by culture, highlighting the importance of the skin as a window to systemic disease.
October 2015: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Vincenzo Ruocco, Eleonora Ruocco, Stefano Caccavale, Alessio Gambardella, Ada Lo Schiavo
Pemphigus vegetans (P Veg), the rarest form of pemphigus, is thought to be a variant of pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Classically, two subtypes of P Veg are recognized: (1) Neumann P Veg, which usually begins as PV with vesicles and bullae that rupture to form hypertrophic granulating erosions, then evolving into vegetating exuding masses; (2) Hallopeau P Veg, initially characterized by pustular lesions that, after rupturing, merge and gradually evolve into vegetating erosions with a centrifugal expansion. The disease typically affects the big folds (axillary, inframammary, inguinocrural, intergluteal), where semiocclusion, maceration, and mixed infections continuously incite exudation and granulation tissue formation (wet P Veg)...
July 2015: Clinics in Dermatology
Roman Bronfenbrener
Dermatology residents often are on the front line when it comes to treating patients with complicated skin disorders, frequently seeing these cases first before discussing their findings and plan with an attending physician. Bedside testing modalities can help facilitate arriving at a diagnosis quickly, allowing for rapid initiation of treatment. The potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation, Tzanck smear, mineral oil preparation, and Gram stain are easy to perform quickly and provide valuable diagnostic information...
December 2014: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
L el Hayderi, S Bontems, N Nikkels-Tassoudji, J E Arrese, L Seidel, C Meex, A F Nikkels
BACKGROUND: The incidence, clinical relevance and pathogenesis of single, isolated, varicella-like skin lesions occurring far beyond the primary herpes zoster (HZ)-affected dermatome remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To search prospectively for these satellite lesions in 120 patients with HZ and to correlate their presence with a series of clinical, histological and virological data. METHODS: Relevant clinical data were recorded from 109 patients with proven HZ using immunohistochemistry on Tzanck smears...
June 2015: British Journal of Dermatology
F Mercolini, F Verdi, K Eisendle, H Messner, A Staffler
Transplacental transmission of HSV infection is rare, typically associated with Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) and often reported in term infants, whereas only a few cases of preterm infants with Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1) infection are found in the literature. We report the case of a transplacental HSV-1 infection in preterm twins born at 27 weeks gestation. At 23 weeks gestation the mother had experienced primary gingivostomatitis and "flu-like" symptoms, which healed without specific treatment. At birth both infants presented disseminated ulcerated skin lesions at the head, trunk and extremities...
December 2014: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Thomás de Aquino Paulo Filho, Yara Kelly Rodrigues deFreitas, Mylenne Torres Andrade da Nóbrega, Carlos Bruno Fernandes Lima, Barbara Luiza Medeiros Francelino Carriço, Maria Aurora Pinto Leite E Silva, Filipe Lauria Paulo, Pedro Bezerra da Trindade Neto
BACKGROUND: Herpetic eczema is a herpetic superinfection of a preexisting skin disease. Hailey-Hailey disease is an autosomal dominant dermatosis that is clinically characterized by flaccid vesicles and rashes in intertriginous areas. The coexistence of those findings is a rare condition; only five cases have been published in literature. PURPOSE: To report the rare coexistence between Hailey-Hailey disease and herpetic eczema and to highlight the importance of cytology for a quick diagnosis...
October 2014: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
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