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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836401/novel-bicyclo-3-1-0-hexane-analogs-as-antagonists-of-metabotropic-glutamate-2-3-receptors-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#1
Bruce A Dressman, Eric G Tromiczak, Mark D Chappell, Allie E Tripp, Steven J Quimby, Tatiana Vetman, Adam M Fivush, James Matt, Carlos Jaramillo, Renhua Li, Albert Khilevich, Maria-Jesus Blanco, Stephon C Smith, Mercedes Carpintero, José Eugenio de Diego, Mario Barberis, Susana García-Cerrada, José F Soriano, Jeffrey M Schkeryantz, Jeffrey M Witkin, Keith A Wafford, Wesley Seidel, Thomas Britton, Carl D Overshiner, Xia Li, Xu-Shan Wang, Beverly A Heinz, John T Catlow, Steven Swanson, David Bedwell, Paul L Ornstein, Charles H Mitch
Negative modulators of metabotropic glutamate 2 & 3 receptors demonstrate antidepressant-like activity in animal models and hold promise as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Herein we describe our efforts to prepare and optimize a series of conformationally constrained 3,4-disubstituted bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane glutamic acid analogs as orthosteric (glutamate site) mGlu2/3 receptor antagonists. This work led to the discovery of a highly potent and efficacious tool compound 18 (hmGlu2 IC50 46±14...
October 25, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768872/chromatin-kinases-act-on-transcription-factors-and-histone-tails-in-regulation-of-inducible-transcription
#2
Steven Z Josefowicz, Miho Shimada, Anja Armache, Charles H Li, Rand M Miller, Shu Lin, Aerin Yang, Brian D Dill, Henrik Molina, Hee-Sung Park, Benjamin A Garcia, Jack Taunton, Robert G Roeder, C David Allis
The inflammatory response requires coordinated activation of both transcription factors and chromatin to induce transcription for defense against pathogens and environmental insults. We sought to elucidate the connections between inflammatory signaling pathways and chromatin through genomic footprinting of kinase activity and unbiased identification of prominent histone phosphorylation events. We identified H3 serine 28 phosphorylation (H3S28ph) as the principal stimulation-dependent histone modification and observed its enrichment at induced genes in mouse macrophages stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608933/producing-a-socially-accountable-medical-school-amee-guide-no-109
#3
Charles Boelen, David Pearson, Arthur Kaufman, James Rourke, Robert Woollard, David C Marsh, Trevor Gibbs
Health systems worldwide are confronted with challenges due to increased demand from their citizens, an aging population, a variety of health risks and limited resources. Key health stakeholders, including academic institutions and medical schools, are urged to develop a common vision for a more efficient and equitable health sector. It is in this environment that Boelen and Heck defined the concept of the "Social Accountability of Medical Schools" - a concept that encourages schools to produce not just highly competent professionals, but professionals who are equipped to respond to the changing challenges of healthcare through re-orientation of their education, research and service commitments, and be capable of demonstrating a positive effect upon the communities they serve...
September 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353618/school-distribution-as-keep-up-strategy-to-maintain-universal-coverage-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-implementation-and-results-of-a-program-in-southern-tanzania
#4
Shabbir Lalji, Jeremiah M Ngondi, Narjis G Thawer, Autman Tembo, Renata Mandike, Ally Mohamed, Frank Chacky, Charles D Mwalimu, George Greer, Naomi Kaspar, Karen Kramer, Bertha Mlay, Kheri Issa, Jane Lweikiza, Anold Mutafungwa, Mary Nzowa, Ritha A Willilo, Waziri Nyoni, David Dadi, Mahdi M Ramsan, Richard Reithinger, Stephen M Magesa
Tanzania successfully scaled up coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) through mass campaigns. To sustain these gains, a school-based approach was piloted in the country's Southern Zone starting in 2013, called the School Net Program 1 (SNP1). We report on the design, implementation, monitoring, and outputs of the second round (SNP2) undertaken in 2014. SNP2 was conducted in all schools in Lindi, Mtwara, and Ruvuma regions, targeting students in primary (Standards 1, 3, 5, and 7) and secondary (Forms 2 and 4) schools and all teachers...
June 20, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246184/cerebral-perfusion-pressure-targets-individualized-to-pressure-reactivity-index-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Edward Needham, Charles McFadyen, Virginia Newcombe, Anneliese J Synnot, Marek Czosnyka, David Menon
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently triggers a disruption of cerebral autoregulation. The cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) at which autoregulation is optimal ("CPPopt") varies between individuals, and can be calculated based on fluctuations between arterial blood pressure and intracranial pressure. This review assesses the effect of individualizing CPP targets to pressure reactivity index (a measure of autoregulation) in patients with TBI. Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE®, Embase, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched in March 2015 for studies assessing the effect of targeting CPPopt in TBI...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855161/identity-formation-and-motivation-of-new-faculty-developers-a-replication-study-in-a-resource-constrained-university
#6
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Charles Mkony, Jessica Beard, David M Irby
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies on the identity development and motivation of faculty developers have occurred with seasoned developers in a research-rich environment. We sought to determine if the findings of those studies could be replicated with novice faculty developers in a resource-constrained environment. METHODS: We interviewed 15 novice faculty developers from Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) who, at the time, had led faculty development activities for no more than two years...
September 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760213/divergent-clonal-selection-dominates-medulloblastoma-at-recurrence
#7
A Sorana Morrissy, Livia Garzia, David J H Shih, Scott Zuyderduyn, Xi Huang, Patryk Skowron, Marc Remke, Florence M G Cavalli, Vijay Ramaswamy, Patricia E Lindsay, Salomeh Jelveh, Laura K Donovan, Xin Wang, Betty Luu, Kory Zayne, Yisu Li, Chelsea Mayoh, Nina Thiessen, Eloi Mercier, Karen L Mungall, Yusanne Ma, Kane Tse, Thomas Zeng, Karey Shumansky, Andrew J L Roth, Sohrab Shah, Hamza Farooq, Noriyuki Kijima, Borja L Holgado, John J Y Lee, Stuart Matan-Lithwick, Jessica Liu, Stephen C Mack, Alex Manno, K A Michealraj, Carolina Nor, John Peacock, Lei Qin, Juri Reimand, Adi Rolider, Yuan Y Thompson, Xiaochong Wu, Trevor Pugh, Adrian Ally, Mikhail Bilenky, Yaron S N Butterfield, Rebecca Carlsen, Young Cheng, Eric Chuah, Richard D Corbett, Noreen Dhalla, An He, Darlene Lee, Haiyan I Li, William Long, Michael Mayo, Patrick Plettner, Jenny Q Qian, Jacqueline E Schein, Angela Tam, Tina Wong, Inanc Birol, Yongjun Zhao, Claudia C Faria, José Pimentel, Sofia Nunes, Tarek Shalaby, Michael Grotzer, Ian F Pollack, Ronald L Hamilton, Xiao-Nan Li, Anne E Bendel, Daniel W Fults, Andrew W Walter, Toshihiro Kumabe, Teiji Tominaga, V Peter Collins, Yoon-Jae Cho, Caitlin Hoffman, David Lyden, Jeffrey H Wisoff, James H Garvin, Duncan S Stearns, Luca Massimi, Ulrich Schüller, Jaroslav Sterba, Karel Zitterbart, Stephanie Puget, Olivier Ayrault, Sandra E Dunn, Daniela P C Tirapelli, Carlos G Carlotti, Helen Wheeler, Andrew R Hallahan, Wendy Ingram, Tobey J MacDonald, Jeffrey J Olson, Erwin G Van Meir, Ji-Yeoun Lee, Kyu-Chang Wang, Seung-Ki Kim, Byung-Kyu Cho, Torsten Pietsch, Gudrun Fleischhack, Stephan Tippelt, Young Shin Ra, Simon Bailey, Janet C Lindsey, Steven C Clifford, Charles G Eberhart, Michael K Cooper, Roger J Packer, Maura Massimino, Maria Luisa Garre, Ute Bartels, Uri Tabori, Cynthia E Hawkins, Peter Dirks, Eric Bouffet, James T Rutka, Robert J Wechsler-Reya, William A Weiss, Lara S Collier, Adam J Dupuy, Andrey Korshunov, David T W Jones, Marcel Kool, Paul A Northcott, Stefan M Pfister, David A Largaespada, Andrew J Mungall, Richard A Moore, Nada Jabado, Gary D Bader, Steven J M Jones, David Malkin, Marco A Marra, Michael D Taylor
The development of targeted anti-cancer therapies through the study of cancer genomes is intended to increase survival rates and decrease treatment-related toxicity. We treated a transposon-driven, functional genomic mouse model of medulloblastoma with 'humanized' in vivo therapy (microneurosurgical tumour resection followed by multi-fractionated, image-guided radiotherapy). Genetic events in recurrent murine medulloblastoma exhibit a very poor overlap with those in matched murine diagnostic samples (<5%)...
January 21, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658964/targeting-cdk4-and-cdk6-from-discovery-to-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Charles J Sherr, David Beach, Geoffrey I Shapiro
UNLABELLED: Biochemical and genetic characterization of D-type cyclins, their cyclin D-dependent kinases (CDK4 and CDK6), and the polypeptide CDK4/6 inhibitor p16(INK4)over two decades ago revealed how mammalian cells regulate entry into the DNA synthetic (S) phase of the cell-division cycle in a retinoblastoma protein-dependent manner. These investigations provided proof-of-principle that CDK4/6 inhibitors, particularly when combined with coinhibition of allied mitogen-dependent signal transduction pathways, might prove valuable in cancer therapy...
April 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26536169/comprehensive-molecular-characterization-of-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma
#9
W Marston Linehan, Paul T Spellman, Christopher J Ricketts, Chad J Creighton, Suzanne S Fei, Caleb Davis, David A Wheeler, Bradley A Murray, Laura Schmidt, Cathy D Vocke, Myron Peto, Abu Amar M Al Mamun, Eve Shinbrot, Anurag Sethi, Samira Brooks, W Kimryn Rathmell, Angela N Brooks, Katherine A Hoadley, A Gordon Robertson, Denise Brooks, Reanne Bowlby, Sara Sadeghi, Hui Shen, Daniel J Weisenberger, Moiz Bootwalla, Stephen B Baylin, Peter W Laird, Andrew D Cherniack, Gordon Saksena, Scott Haake, Jun Li, Han Liang, Yiling Lu, Gordon B Mills, Rehan Akbani, Mark D M Leiserson, Benjamin J Raphael, Pavana Anur, Donald Bottaro, Laurence Albiges, Nandita Barnabas, Toni K Choueiri, Bogdan Czerniak, Andrew K Godwin, A Ari Hakimi, Thai H Ho, James Hsieh, Michael Ittmann, William Y Kim, Bhavani Krishnan, Maria J Merino, Kenna R Mills Shaw, Victor E Reuter, Ed Reznik, Carl S Shelley, Brian Shuch, Sabina Signoretti, Ramaprasad Srinivasan, Pheroze Tamboli, George Thomas, Satish Tickoo, Kenneth Burnett, Daniel Crain, Johanna Gardner, Kevin Lau, David Mallery, Scott Morris, Joseph D Paulauskis, Robert J Penny, Candace Shelton, W Troy Shelton, Mark Sherman, Eric Thompson, Peggy Yena, Melissa T Avedon, Jay Bowen, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Mark Gerken, Kristen M Leraas, Tara M Lichtenberg, Nilsa C Ramirez, Tracie Santos, Lisa Wise, Erik Zmuda, John A Demchok, Ina Felau, Carolyn M Hutter, Margi Sheth, Heidi J Sofia, Roy Tarnuzzer, Zhining Wang, Liming Yang, Jean C Zenklusen, Jiashan Zhang, Brenda Ayala, Julien Baboud, Sudha Chudamani, Jia Liu, Laxmi Lolla, Rashi Naresh, Todd Pihl, Qiang Sun, Yunhu Wan, Ye Wu, Adrian Ally, Miruna Balasundaram, Saianand Balu, Rameen Beroukhim, Tom Bodenheimer, Christian Buhay, Yaron S N Butterfield, Rebecca Carlsen, Scott L Carter, Hsu Chao, Eric Chuah, Amanda Clarke, Kyle R Covington, Mahmoud Dahdouli, Ninad Dewal, Noreen Dhalla, Harsha V Doddapaneni, Jennifer A Drummond, Stacey B Gabriel, Richard A Gibbs, Ranabir Guin, Walker Hale, Alicia Hawes, D Neil Hayes, Robert A Holt, Alan P Hoyle, Stuart R Jefferys, Steven J M Jones, Corbin D Jones, Divya Kalra, Christie Kovar, Lora Lewis, Jie Li, Yussanne Ma, Marco A Marra, Michael Mayo, Shaowu Meng, Matthew Meyerson, Piotr A Mieczkowski, Richard A Moore, Donna Morton, Lisle E Mose, Andrew J Mungall, Donna Muzny, Joel S Parker, Charles M Perou, Jeffrey Roach, Jacqueline E Schein, Steven E Schumacher, Yan Shi, Janae V Simons, Payal Sipahimalani, Tara Skelly, Matthew G Soloway, Carrie Sougnez, Angela Tam, Donghui Tan, Nina Thiessen, Umadevi Veluvolu, Min Wang, Matthew D Wilkerson, Tina Wong, Junyuan Wu, Liu Xi, Jane Zhou, Jason Bedford, Fengju Chen, Yao Fu, Mark Gerstein, David Haussler, Katayoon Kasaian, Phillip Lai, Shiyun Ling, Amie Radenbaugh, David Van Den Berg, John N Weinstein, Jingchun Zhu, Monique Albert, Iakovina Alexopoulou, Jeremiah J Andersen, J Todd Auman, John Bartlett, Sheldon Bastacky, Julie Bergsten, Michael L Blute, Lori Boice, Roni J Bollag, Jeff Boyd, Erik Castle, Ying-Bei Chen, John C Cheville, Erin Curley, Benjamin Davies, April DeVolk, Rajiv Dhir, Laura Dike, John Eckman, Jay Engel, Jodi Harr, Ronald Hrebinko, Mei Huang, Lori Huelsenbeck-Dill, Mary Iacocca, Bruce Jacobs, Michael Lobis, Jodi K Maranchie, Scott McMeekin, Jerome Myers, Joel Nelson, Jeremy Parfitt, Anil Parwani, Nicholas Petrelli, Brenda Rabeno, Somak Roy, Andrew L Salner, Joel Slaton, Melissa Stanton, R Houston Thompson, Leigh Thorne, Kelinda Tucker, Paul M Weinberger, Cynthia Winemiller, Leigh Anne Zach, Rosemary Zuna
BACKGROUND: Papillary renal-cell carcinoma, which accounts for 15 to 20% of renal-cell carcinomas, is a heterogeneous disease that consists of various types of renal cancer, including tumors with indolent, multifocal presentation and solitary tumors with an aggressive, highly lethal phenotype. Little is known about the genetic basis of sporadic papillary renal-cell carcinoma, and no effective forms of therapy for advanced disease exist. METHODS: We performed comprehensive molecular characterization of 161 primary papillary renal-cell carcinomas, using whole-exome sequencing, copy-number analysis, messenger RNA and microRNA sequencing, DNA-methylation analysis, and proteomic analysis...
January 14, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489012/use-of-an-innovative-personality-mindset-profiling-tool-to-guide-culture-change-strategies-among-different-healthcare-worker-groups
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Lindsay Grayson, Nenad Macesic, G Khai Huang, Katherine Bond, Jason Fletcher, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, David L Gordon, Jane F Hellsten, Jonathan Iredell, Caitlin Keighley, Rhonda L Stuart, Charles S Xuereb, Marilyn Cruickshank
INTRODUCTION: Important culture-change initiatives (e.g. improving hand hygiene compliance) are frequently associated with variable uptake among different healthcare worker (HCW) categories. Inherent personality differences between these groups may explain change uptake and help improve future intervention design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used an innovative personality-profiling tool (ColourGrid®) to assess personality differences among standard HCW categories at five large Australian hospitals using two data sources (HCW participant surveys [PS] and generic institution-wide human resource [HR] data) to: a) compare the relative accuracy of these two sources; b) identify differences between HCW groups and c) use the observed profiles to guide design strategies to improve uptake of three clinically-important initiatives (improved hand hygiene, antimicrobial stewardship and isolation procedure adherence)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26342094/admission-to-hospital-for-bronchiolitis-in-england-trends-over-five-decades-geographical-variation-and-association-with-perinatal-characteristics-and-subsequent-asthma
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christopher A Green, David Yeates, Allie Goldacre, Charles Sande, Roger C Parslow, Philip McShane, Andrew J Pollard, Michael J Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Admission of infants to hospital with bronchiolitis consumes considerable healthcare resources each winter. We report an analysis of hospital admissions in England over five decades. METHODS: Data were analysed from the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE, 1968-1985), Hospital Episode Statistics (HES, 1989-2011), Oxford Record Linkage Study (ORLS, 1963-2011) and Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network (PICANet, 2003-2012). Cases were identified using International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes in discharge records...
February 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26315529/alternative-methods-for-defining-osteoarthritis-and-the-impact-on-estimating-prevalence-in-a-us-population-based-survey
#12
Miriam G Cisternas, Louise Murphy, Jeffrey J Sacks, Daniel H Solomon, David J Pasta, Charles G Helmick
OBJECTIVE: Provide a contemporary estimate of osteoarthritis (OA) by comparing the accuracy and prevalence of alternative definitions of OA. METHODS: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) household component (HC) records respondent-reported medical conditions as open-ended responses; professional coders translate these responses into International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for the medical conditions files...
May 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26196502/daclatasvir-plus-sofosbuvir-for-hcv-in-patients-coinfected-with-hiv-1
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David L Wyles, Peter J Ruane, Mark S Sulkowski, Douglas Dieterich, Anne Luetkemeyer, Timothy R Morgan, Kenneth E Sherman, Robin Dretler, Dawn Fishbein, Joseph C Gathe, Sarah Henn, Federico Hinestrosa, Charles Huynh, Cheryl McDonald, Anthony Mills, Edgar Turner Overton, Moti Ramgopal, Bruce Rashbaum, Graham Ray, Anthony Scarsella, Joseph Yozviak, Fiona McPhee, Zhaohui Liu, Eric Hughes, Philip D Yin, Stephanie Noviello, Peter Ackerman
BACKGROUND: The combination of daclatasvir, a hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A inhibitor, and the NS5B inhibitor sofosbuvir has shown efficacy in patients with HCV monoinfection. Data are lacking on the efficacy and safety of this combination in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). METHODS: This was an open-label study involving 151 patients who had not received HCV treatment and 52 previously treated patients, all of whom were coinfected with HIV-1...
August 20, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26073541/engineering-of-a-histone-recognition-domain-in-dnmt3a-alters-the-epigenetic-landscape-and-phenotypic-features-of-mouse-escs
#14
Kyung-Min Noh, Haibo Wang, Hyunjae R Kim, Wendy Wenderski, Fang Fang, Charles H Li, Scott Dewell, Stephen H Hughes, Ari M Melnick, Dinshaw J Patel, Haitao Li, C David Allis
Histone modification and DNA methylation are associated with varying epigenetic "landscapes," but detailed mechanistic and functional links between the two remain unclear. Using the ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L (ADD) domain of the DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a as a paradigm, we apply protein engineering to dissect the molecular interactions underlying the recruitment of this enzyme to specific regions of chromatin in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). By rendering the ADD domain insensitive to histone modification, specifically H3K4 methylation or H3T3 phosphorylation, we demonstrate the consequence of dysregulated Dnmt3a binding and activity...
July 2, 2015: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061751/comprehensive-integrative-genomic-analysis-of-diffuse-lower-grade-gliomas
#15
Daniel J Brat, Roel G W Verhaak, Kenneth D Aldape, W K Alfred Yung, Sofie R Salama, Lee A D Cooper, Esther Rheinbay, C Ryan Miller, Mark Vitucci, Olena Morozova, A Gordon Robertson, Houtan Noushmehr, Peter W Laird, Andrew D Cherniack, Rehan Akbani, Jason T Huse, Giovanni Ciriello, Laila M Poisson, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Mitchel S Berger, Cameron Brennan, Rivka R Colen, Howard Colman, Adam E Flanders, Caterina Giannini, Mia Grifford, Antonio Iavarone, Rajan Jain, Isaac Joseph, Jaegil Kim, Katayoon Kasaian, Tom Mikkelsen, Bradley A Murray, Brian Patrick O'Neill, Lior Pachter, Donald W Parsons, Carrie Sougnez, Erik P Sulman, Scott R Vandenberg, Erwin G Van Meir, Andreas von Deimling, Hailei Zhang, Daniel Crain, Kevin Lau, David Mallery, Scott Morris, Joseph Paulauskis, Robert Penny, Troy Shelton, Mark Sherman, Peggy Yena, Aaron Black, Jay Bowen, Katie Dicostanzo, Julie Gastier-Foster, Kristen M Leraas, Tara M Lichtenberg, Christopher R Pierson, Nilsa C Ramirez, Cynthia Taylor, Stephanie Weaver, Lisa Wise, Erik Zmuda, Tanja Davidsen, John A Demchok, Greg Eley, Martin L Ferguson, Carolyn M Hutter, Kenna R Mills Shaw, Bradley A Ozenberger, Margi Sheth, Heidi J Sofia, Roy Tarnuzzer, Zhining Wang, Liming Yang, Jean Claude Zenklusen, Brenda Ayala, Julien Baboud, Sudha Chudamani, Mark A Jensen, Jia Liu, Todd Pihl, Rohini Raman, Yunhu Wan, Ye Wu, Adrian Ally, J Todd Auman, Miruna Balasundaram, Saianand Balu, Stephen B Baylin, Rameen Beroukhim, Moiz S Bootwalla, Reanne Bowlby, Christopher A Bristow, Denise Brooks, Yaron Butterfield, Rebecca Carlsen, Scott Carter, Lynda Chin, Andy Chu, Eric Chuah, Kristian Cibulskis, Amanda Clarke, Simon G Coetzee, Noreen Dhalla, Tim Fennell, Sheila Fisher, Stacey Gabriel, Gad Getz, Richard Gibbs, Ranabir Guin, Angela Hadjipanayis, D Neil Hayes, Toshinori Hinoue, Katherine Hoadley, Robert A Holt, Alan P Hoyle, Stuart R Jefferys, Steven Jones, Corbin D Jones, Raju Kucherlapati, Phillip H Lai, Eric Lander, Semin Lee, Lee Lichtenstein, Yussanne Ma, Dennis T Maglinte, Harshad S Mahadeshwar, Marco A Marra, Michael Mayo, Shaowu Meng, Matthew L Meyerson, Piotr A Mieczkowski, Richard A Moore, Lisle E Mose, Andrew J Mungall, Angeliki Pantazi, Michael Parfenov, Peter J Park, Joel S Parker, Charles M Perou, Alexei Protopopov, Xiaojia Ren, Jeffrey Roach, Thaís S Sabedot, Jacqueline Schein, Steven E Schumacher, Jonathan G Seidman, Sahil Seth, Hui Shen, Janae V Simons, Payal Sipahimalani, Matthew G Soloway, Xingzhi Song, Huandong Sun, Barbara Tabak, Angela Tam, Donghui Tan, Jiabin Tang, Nina Thiessen, Timothy Triche, David J Van Den Berg, Umadevi Veluvolu, Scot Waring, Daniel J Weisenberger, Matthew D Wilkerson, Tina Wong, Junyuan Wu, Liu Xi, Andrew W Xu, Lixing Yang, Travis I Zack, Jianhua Zhang, B Arman Aksoy, Harindra Arachchi, Chris Benz, Brady Bernard, Daniel Carlin, Juok Cho, Daniel DiCara, Scott Frazer, Gregory N Fuller, JianJiong Gao, Nils Gehlenborg, David Haussler, David I Heiman, Lisa Iype, Anders Jacobsen, Zhenlin Ju, Sol Katzman, Hoon Kim, Theo Knijnenburg, Richard Bailey Kreisberg, Michael S Lawrence, William Lee, Kalle Leinonen, Pei Lin, Shiyun Ling, Wenbin Liu, Yingchun Liu, Yuexin Liu, Yiling Lu, Gordon Mills, Sam Ng, Michael S Noble, Evan Paull, Arvind Rao, Sheila Reynolds, Gordon Saksena, Zack Sanborn, Chris Sander, Nikolaus Schultz, Yasin Senbabaoglu, Ronglai Shen, Ilya Shmulevich, Rileen Sinha, Josh Stuart, S Onur Sumer, Yichao Sun, Natalie Tasman, Barry S Taylor, Doug Voet, Nils Weinhold, John N Weinstein, Da Yang, Kosuke Yoshihara, Siyuan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Lihua Zou, Ty Abel, Sara Sadeghi, Mark L Cohen, Jenny Eschbacher, Eyas M Hattab, Aditya Raghunathan, Matthew J Schniederjan, Dina Aziz, Gene Barnett, Wendi Barrett, Darell D Bigner, Lori Boice, Cathy Brewer, Chiara Calatozzolo, Benito Campos, Carlos Gilberto Carlotti, Timothy A Chan, Lucia Cuppini, Erin Curley, Stefania Cuzzubbo, Karen Devine, Francesco DiMeco, Rebecca Duell, J Bradley Elder, Ashley Fehrenbach, Gaetano Finocchiaro, William Friedman, Jordonna Fulop, Johanna Gardner, Beth Hermes, Christel Herold-Mende, Christine Jungk, Ady Kendler, Norman L Lehman, Eric Lipp, Ouida Liu, Randy Mandt, Mary McGraw, Roger Mclendon, Christopher McPherson, Luciano Neder, Phuong Nguyen, Ardene Noss, Raffaele Nunziata, Quinn T Ostrom, Cheryl Palmer, Alessandro Perin, Bianca Pollo, Alexander Potapov, Olga Potapova, W Kimryn Rathmell, Daniil Rotin, Lisa Scarpace, Cathy Schilero, Kelly Senecal, Kristen Shimmel, Vsevolod Shurkhay, Suzanne Sifri, Rosy Singh, Andrew E Sloan, Kathy Smolenski, Susan M Staugaitis, Ruth Steele, Leigh Thorne, Daniela P C Tirapelli, Andreas Unterberg, Mahitha Vallurupalli, Yun Wang, Ronald Warnick, Felicia Williams, Yingli Wolinsky, Sue Bell, Mara Rosenberg, Chip Stewart, Franklin Huang, Jonna L Grimsby, Amie J Radenbaugh, Jianan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Diffuse low-grade and intermediate-grade gliomas (which together make up the lower-grade gliomas, World Health Organization grades II and III) have highly variable clinical behavior that is not adequately predicted on the basis of histologic class. Some are indolent; others quickly progress to glioblastoma. The uncertainty is compounded by interobserver variability in histologic diagnosis. Mutations in IDH, TP53, and ATRX and codeletion of chromosome arms 1p and 19q (1p/19q codeletion) have been implicated as clinically relevant markers of lower-grade gliomas...
June 25, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25799987/ancient-proteins-resolve-the-evolutionary-history-of-darwin-s-south-american-ungulates
#16
Frido Welker, Matthew J Collins, Jessica A Thomas, Marc Wadsley, Selina Brace, Enrico Cappellini, Samuel T Turvey, Marcelo Reguero, Javier N Gelfo, Alejandro Kramarz, Joachim Burger, Jane Thomas-Oates, David A Ashford, Peter D Ashton, Keri Rowsell, Duncan M Porter, Benedikt Kessler, Roman Fischer, Carsten Baessmann, Stephanie Kaspar, Jesper V Olsen, Patrick Kiley, James A Elliott, Christian D Kelstrup, Victoria Mullin, Michael Hofreiter, Eske Willerslev, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Ludovic Orlando, Ian Barnes, Ross D E MacPhee
No large group of recently extinct placental mammals remains as evolutionarily cryptic as the approximately 280 genera grouped as 'South American native ungulates'. To Charles Darwin, who first collected their remains, they included perhaps the 'strangest animal[s] ever discovered'. Today, much like 180 years ago, it is no clearer whether they had one origin or several, arose before or after the Cretaceous/Palaeogene transition 66.2 million years ago, or are more likely to belong with the elephants and sirenians of superorder Afrotheria than with the euungulates (cattle, horses, and allies) of superorder Laurasiatheria...
June 4, 2015: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25687598/a-modified-simple-triage-and-rapid-treatment-algorithm-from-the-new-york-city-usa-fire-department
#17
Faizan H Arshad, Alan Williams, Glenn Asaeda, Douglas Isaacs, Bradley Kaufman, David Ben-Eli, Dario Gonzalez, John P Freese, Joan Hillgardner, Jessica Weakley, Charles B Hall, Mayris P Webber, David J Prezant
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine if modification of the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) system by the addition of an Orange category, intermediate between the most critically injured (Red) and the non-critical, non-ambulatory injured (Yellow), would reduce over- and under-triage rates in a simulated mass-casualty incident (MCI) exercise. METHODS: A computer-simulation exercise of identical presentations of an MCI scenario involving a 2-train collision, with 28 case scenarios, was provided for triaging to two groups: the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY; n=1,347) using modified START, and the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers from the Eagles 2012 EMS conference (Lafayette, Louisiana USA; n=110) using unmodified START...
April 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24129325/the-relationship-between-patient-volume-and-mortality-in-american-trauma-centres-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Lisa M Caputo, Kristin M Salottolo, Denetta Sue Slone, Charles W Mains, David Bar-Or
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise published and unpublished findings examining the relationship between institutional trauma centre volume or trauma patient volume per surgeon and mortality. BACKGROUND: Evidence on the relationship between patient volume and survival in trauma patients is inconclusive in the literature and remains controversial. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify studies published between 1976 and 2013 via MEDLINE (Pubmed) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EbscoHost) as well as footnote chasing...
March 2014: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23324924/surgeon-attitudes-toward-nonphysician-screening-of-low-back-or-low-back-related-leg-pain-patients-referred-for-surgical-assessment-a-survey-of-canadian-spine-surgeons
#19
Jason W Busse, John J Riva, Jennifer V Nash, Sandy Hsu, Charles G Fisher, Eugene K Wai, David Brunarski, Brian Drew, Jeffery A Quon, Stephen D Walter, Paul B Bishop, Raja Rampersaud
STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To explore spine surgeons' attitudes toward the involvement of nonphysician clinicians (NPCs) to screen patients with low back or low back-related leg pain referred for surgical assessment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the utilization of physician assistants is common in several healthcare systems, the attitude of spine surgeons toward the independent assessment of patients by NPCs remains uncertain...
April 1, 2013: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20927104/etv1-is-a-lineage-survival-factor-that-cooperates-with-kit-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours
#20
Ping Chi, Yu Chen, Lei Zhang, Xingyi Guo, John Wongvipat, Tambudzai Shamu, Jonathan A Fletcher, Scott Dewell, Robert G Maki, Deyou Zheng, Cristina R Antonescu, C David Allis, Charles L Sawyers
Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is the most common human sarcoma and is primarily defined by activating mutations in the KIT or PDGFRA receptor tyrosine kinases. KIT is highly expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs)-the presumed cell of origin for GIST-as well as in haematopoietic stem cells, melanocytes, mast cells and germ cells. Yet, families harbouring germline activating KIT mutations and mice with knock-in Kit mutations almost exclusively develop ICC hyperplasia and GIST, suggesting that the cellular context is important for KIT to mediate oncogenesis...
October 14, 2010: Nature
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