keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Memorize

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929999/effects-of-cognitive-training-on-cognitive-performance-of-healthy-older-adults
#1
Mariana Teles Santos Golino, Carmen Flores Mendoza, Hudson Fernandes Golino
The purpose of this study was to determine the immediate effects of cognitive training on healthy older adults and verify the transfer effects of targeted and non-targeted abilities. The design consisted of a semi-randomized clinical controlled trial. The final sample was composed of 80 volunteers recruited from a Brazilian community (mean age = 69.69; SD = 7.44), which were separated into an intervention group (N = 47; mean age = 69.66, SD = 7.51) and a control group (N = 33; mean age = 69.73, SD = 7.45). Intervention was characterized by adaptive cognitive training with 12 individual training sessions of 60 to 90 minutes (once a week)...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929305/auditory-display-for-fluorescence-guided-open-brain-tumor-surgery
#2
David Black, Horst K Hahn, Ron Kikinis, Karin Wårdell, Neda Haj-Hosseini
PURPOSE: Protoporphyrin (PpIX) fluorescence allows discrimination of tumor and normal brain tissue during neurosurgery. A handheld fluorescence (HHF) probe can be used for spectroscopic measurement of 5-ALA-induced PpIX to enable objective detection compared to visual evaluation of fluorescence. However, current technology requires that the surgeon either views the measured values on a screen or employs an assistant to verbally relay the values. An auditory feedback system was developed and evaluated for communicating measured fluorescence intensity values directly to the surgeon...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929242/impaired-working-memory-updating-affects-memory-for-emotional-and-non-emotional-materials-the-same-way-evidence-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#3
Vahid Nejati, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad, Azam Sabayee
Due to the limited capacity of working memory (WM), efficient suppression of no longer relevant memory contents (inhibition) and revising the current contents of the memory (updating) are crucial factors in memorizing. However, not every individual is able to do so; among them are post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients who seem to have trouble forgetting trauma-related materials, making their memory overloaded with irrelevant information. The present study assumes that the inability to forget in PTSD patients is due to the impaired updating function of WM and, therefore, suggests that these individuals have inferior WM function for both emotional and unemotional materials...
September 19, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926076/electronic-imitation-of-behavioral-and-psychological-synaptic-activities-using-tiox-al2o3-based-memristor-devices
#4
Writam Banerjee, Qi Liu, Hangbing Lv, Shibing Long, Ming Liu
Seeking an effective electronic synapse to emulate biological synaptic behavior is fundamental for building brain-inspired computers. An emerging two-terminal memristor, in which the conductance can be gradually modulated by external electrical stimuli, is widely considered as the strongest competitor of the electronic synapse. Here, we show the capability of TiOx/Al2O3-based memristor devices to imitate synaptic behaviors. Along with analog resistive switching performances, the devices replicate the bio-synapse behaviors of potentiation/depression, short-term-plasticity, and long-term-potentiation, which show that TiOx/Al2O3-based memristors may be useful as electronic synapses...
September 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917001/a-neural-network-model-for-familiarity-and-context-learning-during-honeybee-foraging-flights
#5
Jurek Müller, Martin Nawrot, Randolf Menzel, Tim Landgraf
How complex is the memory structure that honeybees use to navigate? Recently, an insect-inspired parsimonious spiking neural network model was proposed that enabled simulated ground-moving agents to follow learned routes. We adapted this model to flying insects and evaluate the route following performance in three different worlds with gradually decreasing object density. In addition, we propose an extension to the model to enable the model to associate sensory input with a behavioral context, such as foraging or homing...
September 15, 2017: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915366/structural-encoding-processes-contribute-to-individual-differences-in-face-and-object-cognition-inferences-from-psychometric-test-performance-and-event-related-brain-potentials
#6
Hadiseh Nowparast Rostami, Werner Sommer, Changsong Zhou, Oliver Wilhelm, Andrea Hildebrandt
The enhanced N1 component in event-related potentials (ERP) to face stimuli, termed N170, is considered to indicate the structural encoding of faces. Previously, individual differences in the latency of the N170 have been related to face and object cognition abilities. By orthogonally manipulating content domain (faces vs objects) and task demands (easy/speed vs difficult/accuracy) in both psychometric and EEG tasks, we investigated the uniqueness of the processes underlying face cognition as compared with object cognition and the extent to which the N1/N170 component can explain individual differences in face and object cognition abilities...
August 19, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911293/a-survey-of-the-sequelae-of-memorable-anaesthetic-drug-errors-from-the-anaesthetist-s-perspective
#7
D McCawley, A M Cyna, S Prineas, Sgm Tan
Drug errors amongst anaesthetists are common. Although there has been previous work on the system factors involved with drug error, there has been little research on the sequelae of a drug error from the anaesthetist's perspective. To clarify this issue, we surveyed anaesthetists regarding their most memorable drug error to identify associated factors and personal sequelae regarding their professional practice after the event. An online survey was sent anonymously to 989 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Fellows in March 2016 and the results were collected over the following two months...
September 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902439/promoting-mastery-of-complex-biological-mechanisms
#8
William S Bradshaw, Kathryn J Groneman, Jennifer Nelson, John D Bell
This article describes efforts aimed at improving comprehension and retention of complex molecular mechanisms commonly studied in undergraduate biology and biochemistry courses. The focus is on the design of appropriate assessments, an active classroom emphasizing formative practice, and more effective out-of-class study habits. Assessments that require students to articulate their understanding through writing are the most effective. Frequent formative practice improves performance on problems that require intellectual transfer, the ability to apply conceptual principles in novel settings...
September 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901723/the-arms-race-between-heliconiine-butterflies-and-passiflora-plants-new-insights-on-an-ancient-subject
#9
Érika C P de Castro, Mika Zagrobelny, Márcio Z Cardoso, Søren Bak
Heliconiines are called passion vine butterflies because they feed exclusively on Passiflora plants during the larval stage. Many features of Passiflora and heliconiines indicate that they have radiated and speciated in association with each other, and therefore this model system was one of the first examples used to exemplify coevolution theory. Three major adaptations of Passiflora plants supported arguments in favour of their coevolution with heliconiines: unusual variation of leaf shape within the genus; the occurrence of yellow structures mimicking heliconiine eggs; and their extensive diversity of defence compounds called cyanogenic glucosides...
September 13, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893928/content-specific-codes-of-parametric-vibrotactile-working-memory-in-humans
#10
Timo Torsten Schmidt, Yuan-Hao Wu, Felix Blankenburg
To understand how the brain flexibly handles mentally represented information in the absence of sensory stimulation, working memory (WM) studies have been essential. A seminal finding in monkey research is that neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) retain stimulus-specific information when vibrotactile frequencies were memorized. A direct mapping between monkey studies and human fMRI research is still controversial. While oscillatory signatures, in terms of frequency dependent parametric beta-band modulation, have recently been observed in human EEG studies, the content-specificity of these representations in terms of multivariate pattern analysis has not yet been shown...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891745/motor-control-of-handwriting-in-the-developing-brain-a-review
#11
Sarah Palmis, Jeremy Danna, Jean-Luc Velay, Marieke Longcamp
This review focuses on the acquisition of writing motor aspects in adults, and in 5-to 12-year-old children without learning disabilities. We first describe the behavioural aspects of adult writing and dominant models based on the notion of motor programs. We show that handwriting acquisition is characterized by the transition from reactive movements programmed stroke-by-stroke in younger children, to an automatic control of the whole trajectory when the motor programs are memorized at about 10 years old. Then, we describe the neural correlates of adult writing, and the changes that could occur with learning during childhood...
September 11, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882471/arginine-vasopressin-improves-the-memory-deficits-in-han-chinese-patients-with-first-episode-schizophrenia
#12
Cai-Hong Geng, Chao Wang, Jun Yang, Hua Wang, Rui-Qing Ma, Xu Liu, Chang-Hong Wang
The memory impairment is a core deficit in the first-episode schizophrenia patients. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the brain can improve learning and memory. We performed multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial to study the cognitive functioning in Han Chinese first-episode schizophrenic patients in a 12-week treatment regime with the intranasal administration of AVP (128 cases) or placebo (131 cases) in addition to the conventional treatment. The methods of positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), Wechsler memory scale-4th edition (WMS-IV) and event-related potential (ERP) were used to study the effects of AVP on the cognitive function...
September 4, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881323/a-systematic-review-comparing-open-book-and-closed-book-examinations-evaluating-effects-on-development-of-critical-thinking-skills
#13
REVIEW
Beth Johanns, Amber Dinkens, Jill Moore
The advantages of using traditional closed-book examinations are closely compared to the advantages of using open-book examinations for the development of critical thinking skills in nursing students. The use of critical thinking skills is vital among nurses to assess patient needs and modify standard approaches to individualize care for better patient outcomes. The following areas are compared and contrasted for both closed-book and open-book examinations: examination preparation, rote memorization versus active learning, intellectual engagement, simulation of working environment, higher order thinking skills, anxiety reduction and student satisfaction...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879872/memorable-clinical-experiences-all-in-one-year-at-queen-square-london-united-kingdom-1968-1969-a-tribute-to-neurology-legends
#14
K Srinivasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878708/inferential-costs-of-trait-centrality-in-impression-formation-organization-in-memory-and-misremembering
#15
Ludmila D Nunes, Leonel Garcia-Marques, Mário B Ferreira, Tânia Ramos
An extension of the DRM paradigm was used to study the impact of central traits (Asch, 1946) in impression formation. Traits corresponding to the four clusters of the implicit theory of personality-intellectual, positive and negative; and social, positive and negative (Rosenberg et al., 1968)-were used to develop lists containing several traits of one cluster and one central trait prototypical of the opposite cluster. Participants engaging in impression formation relative to participants engaging in memorization not only produced higher levels of false memories corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits but, under response time pressure at retrieval, also produced more false memories of the cluster corresponding to the central trait...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878672/differences-in-spatial-memory-recognition-due-to-cognitive-style
#16
Laura Tascón, Maddalena Boccia, Laura Piccardi, José M Cimadevilla
Field independence refers to the ability to perceive details from the surrounding context as a whole and to represent the environment by relying on an internal reference frame. Conversely, field dependence individuals tend to focus their attention on single environmental features analysing them individually. This cognitive style affects several visuo-spatial abilities including spatial memory. This study assesses both the effect of field independence and field dependence on performance displayed on virtual environments of different complexity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877465/dynamics-of-presynaptic-diacylglycerol-in-a-sensory-neuron-encode-differences-between-past-and-current-stimulus-intensity
#17
Hayao Ohno, Naoko Sakai, Takeshi Adachi, Yuichi Iino
Memorizing the intensity of sensory stimuli enables animals to successfully deal with changing environmental conditions and contributes to cognitive functions such as auditory and visual working memory. However, how nervous systems process past and current stimulus intensity is largely unknown at the molecular level. Here, we employ in vivo diacylglycerol (DAG) imaging in the ASER taste neuron of Caenorhabditis elegans and demonstrate that associative learning between ambient salt concentrations and food can be explained by changes in presynaptic DAG...
September 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875474/no-advantage-for-remembering-horizontal-over-vertical-spatial-locations-learned-from-a-single-viewpoint
#18
Thomas Hinterecker, Caroline Leroy, Mintao Zhao, Martin V Butz, Heinrich H Bülthoff, Tobias Meilinger
Previous behavioral and neurophysiological research has shown better memory for horizontal than for vertical locations. In these studies, participants navigated toward these locations. In the present study we investigated whether the orientation of the spatial plane per se was responsible for this difference. We thus had participants learn locations visually from a single perspective and retrieve them from multiple viewpoints. In three experiments, participants studied colored tags on a horizontally or vertically oriented board within a virtual room and recalled these locations with different layout orientations (Exp...
September 5, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866578/bring-it-to-the-pitch-combining-video-and-movement-data-to-enhance-team-sport-analysis
#19
Manuel Stein, Halldor Janetzko, Andreas Lamprecht, Thorsten Breitkreutz, Philipp Zimmermann, Bastian Goldlucke, Tobias Schreck, Gennady Andrienko, Michael Grossniklaus, Daniel A Keim
Analysts in professional team sport regularly perform analysis to gain strategic and tactical insights into player and team behavior. Goals of team sport analysis regularly include identification of weaknesses of opposing teams, or assessing performance and improvement potential of a coached team. Current analysis workflows are typically based on the analysis of team videos. Also, analysts can rely on techniques from Information Visualization, to depict e.g., player or ball trajectories. However, video analysis is typically a time-consuming process, where the analyst needs to memorize and annotate scenes...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866289/a-systematic-review-comparing-open-book-and-closed-book-examinations-evaluating-effects-on-development-of-critical-thinking-skills
#20
REVIEW
Beth Johanns, Amber Dinkens, Jill Moore
The advantages of using traditional closed-book examinations are closely compared to the advantages of using open-book examinations for the development of critical thinking skills in nursing students. The use of critical thinking skills is vital among nurses to assess patient needs and modify standard approaches to individualize care for better patient outcomes. The following areas are compared and contrasted for both closed-book and open-book examinations: examination preparation, rote memorization versus active learning, intellectual engagement, simulation of working environment, higher order thinking skills, anxiety reduction and student satisfaction...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
keyword
keyword
11518
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"