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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140956/comments-on-legal-implications-incidental-surgical-durotomy
#1
John P Kostuik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140859/patient-and-caregiver-assessment-of-the-benefits-from-the-clinical-use-of-amyloid-pet-imaging
#2
Rafid Mustafa, Jared R Brosch, Gil D Rabinovici, Bradford C Dickerson, Maria C Carrillo, Bradley S Glazier, Sujuan Gao, Martha Tierney, Keith N Fargo, Mary G Austrom, Susan De Santi, David G Clark, Liana G Apostolova
INTRODUCTION: Few studies to date have explored patient and caregiver views on the clinical use of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: A 7-item questionnaire assessing patient and caregiver views (510 total respondents) toward amyloid PET imaging was advertised broadly through alz.org/trialmatch. RESULTS: We received 510 unique responses from 48 US states, 2 Canadian provinces, the Dominican Republic, and Greece. Both patients and caregivers indicated that they would want to receive amyloid imaging if offered the opportunity...
November 14, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140760/emergency-legal-authority-and-the-opioid-crisis
#3
Lainie Rutkow, Jon S Vernick
Opioid-overdose deaths in the United States have steadily increased for the past 15 years, with more than 33,000 such deaths reported in 2015. The epidemic is unfolding on two fronts: use of prescription opioid pain relievers (OPRs) accounts for approximately half of opioid-overdose deaths, and..
November 15, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140656/an-analysis-of-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-food-litigation-to-build-a-sesame-allergy-consumer-class-action
#4
Dana Shaker
In a world where food allergy is still an incurable disease, law and regulation stand as necessary mechanisms to provide food-allergic consumers with the information they need to protect their health. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 provided specific labeling requirements for the “Top Eight” allergens in the U.S.: milk, soy, gluten, egg, tree nut, peanut, fish, and Crustacean shellfish. Since then, sesame has become more prevalent as an allergen and remains just as dangerous, inducing anaphylactic shock in some sesame-allergic individuals...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140655/the-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-vs-%C3%A2-natural-flavors%C3%A2-conflict-in-food-labeling-a-regulatory-viewpoint
#5
Matthew J Goodman
Food branded with a Natural label can be found in any grocery store across the United States. Consumers consider this label to be an important attribute when making a purchasing decision and billions of dollars are spent annually on these products. While many consumers believe Natural foods are healthier, heavy reliance on that assumption is misguided as “Natural” has no formal legal definition—it’s merely defined pursuant to an FDA approved informal policy. Another important health attribute in a consumer’s purchasing decision is the presence of natural flavors in food...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140477/when-can-the-child-speak-for-herself-the-limits-of-parental-consent-in-data-protection-law-for-health-research
#6
Mark J Taylor, Edward S Dove, Graeme Laurie, David Townend
Draft regulatory guidance suggests that if the processing of a child's personal data begins with the consent of a parent, then there is a need to find and defend an enduring consent through the child's growing capacity and on to their maturity. We consider the implications for health research of the UK Information Commissioner's Office's (ICO) suggestion that the relevant test for maturity is the Gillick test, originally developed in the context of medical treatment. Noting the significance of the welfare principle to this test, we examine the implications for the responsibilities of a parent to act as proxy for their child...
November 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140469/superdrug2-a-one-stop-resource-for-approved-marketed-drugs
#7
Vishal B Siramshetty, Oliver Andreas Eckert, Björn-Oliver Gohlke, Andrean Goede, Qiaofeng Chen, Prashanth Devarakonda, Saskia Preissner, Robert Preissner
Regular monitoring of drug regulatory agency web sites and similar resources for information on new drug approvals and changes to legal status of marketed drugs is impractical. It requires navigation through several resources to find complete information about a drug as none of the publicly accessible drug databases provide all features essential to complement in silico drug discovery. Here, we propose SuperDRUG2 (http://cheminfo.charite.de/superdrug2) as a comprehensive knowledge-base of approved and marketed drugs...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140306/chitosan-spray-dried-microparticles-for-controlled-delivery-of-venlafaxine-hydrochloride
#8
Inmaculada Aranaz, Ines Paños, Carlos Peniche, Ángeles Heras, Niuris Acosta
Venlafaxine controlled drug delivery systems using different matrixes have been tested to reduce undesirable side effects in the treatment of depression. The legal status of chitosan (Cs) in Pharmacy has dramatically improved after its acceptance as excipient in several Pharmacopeias and, therefore, there is great interest in pharmaceutical formulations based on this polymer. In this paper, chitosan microcapsules cross-linked with sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) for oral delivery of venlafaxine were formulated using the spray drying technique...
November 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139627/understanding-and-meeting-your-legal-responsibilities-as-a-nurse
#9
Louise Terry, Graham Carr, Yvonne Halpin
Nurses, midwives and nursing students are legally responsible for their actions. This article discusses the legal standard of care required in relation to nursing and midwifery practice and nurses' professional standards and code of conduct. It examines how courts in the UK determine if nurses have met their duty of care and how nurses must ensure they maintain competence to provide safe care. It examines why organisational knowing - understanding the organisation in which one is employed; its people, values and how it works - is important for all nurses, regardless of their level in the organisation...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139352/-contraception-for-young-women-with-focus-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives
#10
EDITORIAL
Pernille Ravn, Kresten Rubeck Petersen
Long-acting, reversible contraceptives are about 20 times more effective in terms of contraceptive efficacy than oral hormonal contraceptives, patch or vaginal ring are. Long-acting, reversible contraceptives are not associated with serious adverse events but induce changes in menstrual bleeding pattern in about 75% of the users. The progestogen intrauterine device is effective in the treatment of menor-rhagia and dysmenorrhoea. Increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives is expected to reduce unplanned pregnancies and legal abortions in all ages...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138877/%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-like-discriminative-stimulus-effects-of-five-novel-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-rats
#11
Michael B Gatch, Michael J Forster
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Novel synthetic cannabinoid compounds continue to appear in the market advertised as legal alternatives to marijuana and the older synthetic cannabinoid compounds which are now controlled substances. Most of these newer compounds have been found to act at CB1 receptors, so the purpose of this study was to study the abuse liability of these compounds. METHODS: Five of these compounds (BB-22, FUB-PB-22, 5F-AMB, NM2201, and MAB-CHMINACA) were tested for their ability to produce discriminative stimulus effects similar to Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) in rats...
November 14, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138178/gps-to-seek-legal-advice-over-smartphone-appointment-service
#12
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138172/framework-for-building-primary-care-capacity-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#13
Andrew D Pinto, Gary Bloch
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137868/what-works-in-inclusion-health-overview-of-effective-interventions-for-marginalised-and-excluded-populations
#14
REVIEW
Serena Luchenski, Nick Maguire, Robert W Aldridge, Andrew Hayward, Alistair Story, Patrick Perri, James Withers, Sharon Clint, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Nigel Hewett
Inclusion health is a service, research, and policy agenda that aims to prevent and redress health and social inequities among the most vulnerable and excluded populations. We did an evidence synthesis of health and social interventions for inclusion health target populations, including people with experiences of homelessness, drug use, imprisonment, and sex work. These populations often have multiple overlapping risk factors and extreme levels of morbidity and mortality. We identified numerous interventions to improve physical and mental health, and substance use; however, evidence is scarce for structural interventions, including housing, employment, and legal support that can prevent exclusion and promote recovery...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137663/patent-landscape-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-an-analysis-of-worldwide-patent-families
#15
Folahanmi Tomiwa Akinsolu, Vitor Nobre de Paiva, Samuel Santos Souza, Orsolya Varga
BACKGROUND: "Neglected Tropical Diseases" (NTDs) affect millions of people in Africa, Asia and South America. The two primary ways of strategic interventions are "preventive chemotherapy and transmission control" (PCT), and "innovative and intensified disease management" (IDM). In the last 5 years, phenomenal progress has been achieved. However, it is crucial to intensify research effort into NTDs, because of the emerging drug resistance. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the term NTDs covers 17 diseases, namely buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, dengue, dracunculiasis, echinococcosis, trematodiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, rabies, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthes, taeniasis, trachoma, and yaws...
November 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137057/readability-of-internet-sourced-patient-education-material-related-to-labour-analgesia
#16
Nilay Boztas, Dilek Omur, Sule Ozbılgın, Gözde Altuntas, Ersan Piskin, Sevda Ozkardesler, Volkan Hanci
We evaluated the readability of Internet-sourced patient education materials (PEMs) related to "labour analgesia." In addition to assessing the readability of websites, we aimed to compare commercial, personal, and academic websites.We used the most popular search engine (http://www.google.com) in our study. The first 100 websites in English that resulted from a search for the key words "labour analgesia" were scanned. Websites that were not in English, graphs, pictures, videos, tables, figures and list formats in the text, all punctuation, the number of words in the text is less than 100 words, feedback forms not related to education, (Uniform Resource Locator) URL websites, author information, references, legal disclaimers, and addresses and telephone numbers were excluded...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136895/reactive-low-temperature-plasma-ionization-mass-spectrometry-for-the-determination-of-organic-uv-filters-in-personal-care-products
#17
Xuelu Ding, Stefanie Gerbig, Bernhard Spengler, Sabine Schulz
Organic UV filters in personal care products (PCPs) have been persistently reported as a potential threat to human health. In order to guarantee consumers(') safety, the dose of these compounds in PCPs needs to be monitored. Here, a methodology based on reactive low temperature plasma ionization (LTP) mass spectrometry (MS) has been developed for the determination of common organic UV filters in PCPs including benzophenone-3, ethylhexyl dimethyl p-aminobenzoic acid, ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor, octocrylene, and ethylhexyl salicylate...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136625/caries-preventive-effect-of-salt-fluoridation-in-preschool-children-in-the-gambia-a-prospective-controlled-interventional-study
#18
Rainer A Jordan, Andreas Schulte, Alexander C Bockelbrink, Sarah Puetz, Ella Naumova, Lars G Wärn, Stefan Zimmer
The aim of this study was to investigate the anticaries effect of fluoridated salt in a communal feeding program for preschool children. In the Gambian city of Brikama, drinking water had a low fluoride content (0.1 mg F-/L) and young children did not use toothpaste for oral hygiene. Its 2 preschools served as clusters for the trial. Random allocation of the kindergartens was performed by one person not involved in the study, and the clinical examinations were carried out using the envelope method. Meals were prepared with fluoridated salt (250 mg F-/kg salt) in the intervention group but not in the control group...
November 15, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136148/legal-but-limited-abortion-service-availability-and-readiness-assessment-in-nepal
#19
Suzanne O Bell, Linnea Zimmerman, Yoonjoung Choi, Michelle J Hindin
The government of Nepal revised its law in 2002 to allow women to terminate a pregnancy up to 12 weeks gestation for any indication on request, and up to 18 weeks if certain conditions are met. We evaluated the readiness of facilities in Nepal to provide three abortion services, manual vacuum aspiration (MVA), medication abortion (MA) and post-abortion care (PAC), using the service availability and readiness assessment (SARA) framework. The framework consists broadly of three domains; service availability, general service readiness and service readiness specific to individual services (i...
November 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134742/innovative-technologies-for-point-of-care-testing-of-viral-hepatitis%C3%A2-in-low-resource-and-decentralized-settings
#20
Léa Duchesne, Karine Lacombe
According to the Global Burden of Diseases, chronic viral hepatitis B and C are one of the most challenging global health conditions that rank among the first causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Low and middle income countries are particularly affected by the health burden associated with HBV or HCV infection. One major gap in efficiently addressing the issue of viral hepatitis is universal screening. However, the costs and chronic lack of human resources for using traditional screening strategies based on serology and molecular biology preclude any scaling-up...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
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