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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806466/medicolegal-death-investigation-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#1
Roger A Mitchell, Constance DiAngelo, Daniel Morgan
This review article describes the role of the medicolegal death investigator and medical examiner or coroner (MEC) in the investigations of a sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) beginning with an introduction into the case types that should be investigated and how infant deaths fit into that legal framework. The article also provides an overview of the history of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention SUID investigation guidelines and process. The article concludes with a description of how the MEC correlates the scene investigation with autopsy findings, as well as the role of the MEC in cause of death determinations...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806228/legal-and-ethical-concerns-of-big-data-predictive-analytics
#2
Shirley S Paulson, Elizabeth Scruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806081/chlorination-kinetics-of-11-nor-9-carboxy-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-effects-of-ph-and-humic-acid
#3
Allison L Mackie, Yuri Park, Graham A Gagnon
The main psychoactive compound in marijuana, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and its metabolites are emerging organic contaminants that have been detected in waste and surface waters. As legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational use continues, the effects of increased use and potency of marijuana on water and wastewater treatment processes and the environment should be considered. This study examined degradation kinetics of the main urinary metabolite of THC, 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH) with chlorine...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#4
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804707/framework-to-define-structure-and-boundaries-of-complex-health-intervention-systems-the-alert-project
#5
Elena Boriani, Roberto Esposito, Chiara Frazzoli, Peter Fantke, Tine Hald, Simon R Rüegg
Health intervention systems are complex and subject to multiple variables in different phases of implementation. This constitutes a concrete challenge for the application of translational science in real life. Complex systems as health-oriented interventions call for interdisciplinary approaches with carefully defined system boundaries. Exploring individual components of such systems from different viewpoints gives a wide overview and helps to understand the elements and the relationships that drive actions and consequences within the system...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804394/hard-and-soft-age-discrimination-the-dual-nature-of-workplace-discrimination
#6
Justyna Stypinska, Konrad Turek
The paper concentrates on the problem of age discrimination in the labour market and the way it can be conceptualised and measured in a multi-disciplinary way. The approach proposed here combines two understandings of age discrimination-a sociological and legal one, what allows for a fuller and expanded understanding of ageism in the workplace. At the heart of the study is a survey carried out in Poland with a sample of 1000 men and women aged 45-65 years. The study takes a deeper and innovative look into the issue of age discrimination in employment...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803589/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-european-countries-croatia
#7
Mirjana Huic, Romana Tandara Hacek, Ivan Svajger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a brief, 7-year history of health technology assessment (HTA) implementation in Croatia through national and international activities. METHODS: We used retrospective descriptive analysis of key documents related to the legal framework, process of decision making, and HTA. Analysis of the Agency's plan for and experience with the implementation of a transparent HTA process in Croatia was performed by addressing seven key components of the HTA implementation scorecard framework...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803393/challenges-and-opportunities-for-occupational-epidemiology-in-the-twenty-first-century
#8
REVIEW
L T Stayner, J J Collins, Y L Guo, D Heederik, M Kogevinas, K Steenland, C Wesseling, P A Demers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many opportunities and challenges for conducting occupational epidemiologic studies today. In this paper, we summarize the discussion of a symposium held at the Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference, Chicago 2014, on challenges for occupational epidemiology in the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of publications and attendance at our conferences suggests that worldwide interest in occupational epidemiology has been growing...
August 12, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803074/hospice-palliative-care-development-in-hungary
#9
Agnes Csikos, Csilla Busa, Katalin Muszbek
During the past 25 years many developmental steps have occurred in Hungary in palliative care. Further education and service development is needed to provide a quality palliative care for all the Hungarian people. Hungary has a universal health care system with a developed infrastructure. The first Hungarian hospice team started in 1991. At that time the concept of hospice care was unknown. Symptom control and psychosocial support for the dying patient was inadequate. The regulatory framework was based on the 1997 Health Care Act which was followed by significant palliative care legislation including documents on the legal requirements for palliative care (2004)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803002/the-characteristics-of-reports-to-the-police-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-the-likelihood-of-cases-proceeding-to-prosecution-after-delays-in-reporting
#10
Judy Cashmore, Alan Taylor, Patrick Parkinson
Delays in disclosing and reporting child sexual abuse to the police are common, particularly among males and those who have been abused by clergy and others in a position of trust. This study, commissioned by the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, examined the patterns of timely and delayed reporting of sexual offences against children, and the likelihood of legal action commencing. De-identified unit record data for all sexual offences against children reported to the police over 20 years were obtained from official crime statistics agencies in two Australian states...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801944/the-emergence-of-second-generation-lethal-injection-protocols-a-brief-history-and-review
#11
Daniel R Malcom, Frank Romanelli
The history of capital punishment in the United States is long and controversial. In many cases, lethal injection has brought medical personnel, ethically and professionally charged with preserving life, into the arena of assisting the state in taking life. Recent US Supreme Court decisions, including Baze v. Rees and Glossip v. Gross, have evaluated and condoned lethal injection protocols. Despite the judicial validation of some midazolam-containing protocols, controversy exists as to the level of unconsciousness provided due to the ceiling effects of the drug...
August 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801498/comparison-of-veterinary-drugs-and-veterinary-homeopathy-part-1
#12
P Lees, L Pelligand, M Whiting, D Chambers, P-L Toutain, M L Whitehead
For many years after its invention around 1796, homeopathy was widely used in people and later in animals. Over the intervening period (1796-2016) pharmacology emerged as a science from Materia Medica (medicinal materials) to become the mainstay of veterinary therapeutics. There remains today a much smaller, but significant, use of homeopathy by veterinary surgeons. Homeopathic products are sometimes administered when conventional drug therapies have not succeeded, but are also used as alternatives to scientifically based therapies and licensed products...
August 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801470/litigation-provides-clues-to-ongoing-challenges-in-implementing-insurance-parity
#13
Kelsey N Berry, Haiden A Huskamp, Howard H Goldman, Lainie Rutkow, Colleen L Barry
Over the past twenty-five years, thirty-seven states and the US Congress have passed mental health and substance use disorder (MH/SUD) parity laws to secure nondiscriminatory insurance coverage for MH/SUD services in the private health insurance market and through certain public insurance programs. However, in the intervening years, litigation has been brought by numerous parties alleging violations of insurance parity. We examine the critical issues underlying these legal challenges as a framework for understanding the areas in which parity enforcement is lacking, as well as ongoing areas of ambiguity in the interpretation of these laws...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#14
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801443/the-provision-of-medical-assistance-in-dying-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#15
Simon J W Oczkowski, Ian Ball, Carol Saleh, Gaelen Kalles, Anatoli Chkaroubo, Mike Kekewich, Paul Miller, Marianne Dees, Andrea Frolic
INTRODUCTION: Medical assistance in dying (MAID), a term encompassing both euthanasia and assisted suicide, was decriminalised in Canada in 2015. Although Bill C-14 legislated eligibility criteria under which patients could receive MAID, it did not provide guidance regarding the technical aspects of providing an assisted death. Therefore, we propose a scoping review to map the characteristics of the existing medical literature describing the medications, settings, participants and outcomes of MAID, in order to identify knowledge gaps and areas for future research...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801317/responses-to-assisted-suicide-requests-an-interview-study-with-swiss-palliative-care-physicians
#16
Claudia Gamondi, Gian Domenico Borasio, Pam Oliver, Nancy Preston, Sheila Payne
OBJECTIVES: Assisted suicide in Switzerland is mainly performed by right-to-die societies. Medical involvement is limited to the prescription of the drug and certification of eligibility. Palliative care has traditionally been perceived as generally opposed to assisted suicide, but little is known about palliative care physicians' involvement in assisted suicide practices. This paper aims to describe their perspectives and involvement in assisted suicide practices. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was conducted with 23 palliative care physicians across Switzerland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801267/primum-non-nocere-the-effects-of-sodium-hypochlorite-on-dentin-as-used-in-endodontics
#17
Li-Sha Gu, Xue-Qing Huang, Brandon Griffin, Brian R Bergeron, David H Pashley, Li-Na Niu, Franklin R Tay
The medical literature is replete with the maxim 'primum non nocere', cautioning health care providers to avoid doing any harm to human subjects in their delivery of medical care. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a well-established irrigant for root canal treatment because of its antimicrobial and organic tissue remnant dissolution capability. However, little is known about the deleterious effect of this strong oxidizing agent on the integrity of human mineralized dentin. Iatrogenically-induced loss of dentin integrity may precipitate post-treatment root fracture and has potential medico-legal complications...
August 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801052/accompaniment-of-second-trimester-abortions-the-model-of-the-feminist-socorrista-network-of-argentina
#18
Ruth Zurbriggen, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Caitlin Gerdts
OBJECTIVE: Legal restrictions on abortion access impact the safety and timing of abortion. Women affected by these laws face barriers to safe care that often result in abortion being delayed. Second-trimester abortion affects vulnerable groups of women disproportionately, and is often more difficult to access. In Argentina, where abortion is legally restricted except in cases of rape or threat to the health of the woman, the Socorristas en Red, a feminist network, offers a model of accompaniment wherein they provide information and support to women seeking second-trimester abortions...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801004/the-palliative-care-journey-in-kenya-and-uganda
#19
Emmanuel S Kamonyo
Palliative care is "an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual. This update is aimed at examining palliative care development/achievements and challenges in Kenya and Uganda and the role of various actors in palliative care establishment in the region...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801002/legal-support-for-palliative-care-patients
#20
Tamar Ezer, Naomi Burke-Shyne, Kiera Hepford
CONTEXT: Palliative care patients face legal issues which impact their quality of life. Legal support, embedded in holistic palliative care services, has developed globally over the last decade to address this. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to trace the origins of legal support for palliative care patients, detail models of legal support, and describe achievements and challenges. METHODS: The paper draws on years of work in this area, as well as the available literature...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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