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developmental milestones

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162182/child-temperament-and-teacher-relationship-interactively-predict-cortisol-expression-the-prism-of-classroom-climate
#1
Danielle S Roubinov, Melissa J Hagan, W Thomas Boyce, Marilyn J Essex, Nicole R Bush
Entry into kindergarten is a developmental milestone that children may differentially experience as stressful, with implications for variability in neurobiological functioning. Guided by the goodness-of-fit framework, this study tested the hypothesis that kindergarten children's (N = 338) daily cortisol would be affected by the "match" or "mismatch" between children's temperament and qualities of the classroom relational context. The robustness of these associations was also explored among a separate sample of children in third grade (N = 165)...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#2
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146144/drosophila-adult-muscle-development-and-regeneration
#3
REVIEW
Rajesh D Gunage, Nagaraju Dhanyasi, Heinrich Reichert, K VijayRaghavan
Myogenesis is a highly orchestrated, complex developmental process by which cell lineages that are mesodermal in origin generate differentiated multinucleate muscle cells as a final product. Considerable insight into the process of myogenesis has been obtained for the embryonic development of the larval muscles of Drosophila. More recently, the postembryonic development of the muscles of the adult fly has become a focus of experimental investigation of myogenesis since specific flight muscles of the fly manifest remarkable similarities to vertebrate muscles in their development and organization...
November 13, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105008/impact-of-postpartum-mental-illness-upon-infant-development
#4
REVIEW
Casey Hoffman, Dena M Dunn, Wanjiku F M Njoroge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the state of the research regarding the effects of postpartum mental illness on the developing infant. It defines the scope of these disorders in the literature, and includes the impact of disorders referred to as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) on infants. RECENT FINDINGS: New research reveals that PMADs apply to not only mothers, but that fathers can also experience perinatal depression and anxiety. When untreated in a primary caregiver, PMADs adversely affect parental cognitions and beliefs, attachment to the infant, and the growing caregiver-infant relationship...
November 6, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098049/the-development-of-national-entrustable-professional-activities-to-inform-the-training-and-assessment-of-public-health-and-preventative-medicine-residents
#5
Brent Moloughney, Kieran Moore, Damon Dagnone, David Strong
Background: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have emerged to bridge the gap between the learning of individual competencies and competence in real world practice. EPAs capture the critical core work of a discipline integrating competencies from multiple domains. This report describes the development of a set of EPAs for specialty training in Public Health and Preventive Medicine (PHPM) in Canada. Methods: The PHPM EPAs were developed using multiple existing sources...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080469/when-and-how-does-labour-lead-to-love-the-ontogeny-and-mechanisms-of-the-ikea-effect
#6
Lauren E Marsh, Patricia Kanngiesser, Bruce Hood
We elevate our constructions to a special status in our minds. This 'IKEA' effect leads us to believe that our creations are more valuable than items that are identical, but constructed by another. This series of studies utilises a developmental perspective to explore why this bias exists. Study 1 elucidates the ontogeny of the IKEA effect, demonstrating an emerging bias at age 5, corresponding with key developmental milestones in self-concept formation. Study 2 assesses the role of effort, revealing that the IKEA effect is not moderated by the amount of effort invested in the task in 5-to-6-year olds...
October 25, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070276/multiple-doses-of-icatibant-used-during-pregnancy
#7
Lauren W Kaminsky, Theodore Kelbel, Fay Ansary, Timothy Craig
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a life-long disease that often manifests by puberty. Treatment of attacks is essential to improve quality of life and to decrease morbidity and mortality. During pregnancy, treatment is limited because multiple treatment options, including icatibant, are not approved for use during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We report the outcomes of three pregnancies during which icatibant was used by a patient with HAE with normal C1-inhibitor for treatment of attacks...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058776/osteophytes-and-fracture-calluses-share-developmental-milestones-and-are-diminished-by-unloading
#8
Allison W Hsia, Armaun J Emami, Franklin D Tarke, Hailey C Cunningham, Priscilla M Tjandra, Alice Wong, Blaine A Christiansen, Nicole M Collette
Osteophytes are a typical radiographic finding during osteoarthritis (OA), but the mechanisms leading to their formation are not well known. Comparatively, fracture calluses have been studied extensively; therefore, drawing comparisons between osteophytes and fracture calluses may lead to a deeper understanding of osteophyte formation. In this study, we compared the time courses of osteophyte and fracture callus formation, and investigated mechanisms contributing to development of these structure. Additionally, we investigated the effect of mechanical unloading on the formation of both fracture calluses and osteophytes...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048340/helping-health-services-to-meet-the-needs-of-young-people-with-chronic-conditions-towards-a-developmental-model-for-transition
#9
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Janet E McDonagh
The transition to adult healthcare has been the subject of increased research and policy attention over many years. However, unmet needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their families continue to be documented, and universal implementation has yet to be realised. Therefore, it is pertinent to re-examine health transition in light of the principles of adolescent medicine from which it emerged, and consider this particular life transition in terms of a developmental milestone rather than a negotiation of structural boundaries between child and adult services...
October 19, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048262/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-developmental-milestones-and-movement-results-from-the-gemini-cohort-study
#10
Lee Smith, Cornelia H M van Jaarsveld, Clare H Llewellyn, Alison Fildes, Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, Jane Wardle, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: Variability in the timing of infant developmental milestones is poorly understood. We used a twin analysis to estimate genetic and environmental influences on motor development and activity levels in infancy. METHOD: Data were from the Gemini Study, a twin birth cohort of 2,402 families with twins born in the United Kingdom in 2007. Parents reported motor activity level for each of the twins at age 3 months using the Revised Infant Behavior Rating Scale and reported the ages at which they first sat unsupported, crawled, and walked unaided...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045744/developmental-differences-between-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#11
Mara Parellada, Sandra Gomez-Vallejo, Monica Burdeus, Celso Arango
Ample evidence supports a neurodevelopmental origin in some cases of schizophrenia (SZ). More inconsistent information is available for bipolar disorder (BD). We herein review studies with a focus on premorbid (adjustment and functionality) and early developmental milestones that include both SZ and BD patients. A search was performed in the PubMed electronic database, retrieving 619 abstracts; 30 were ultimately included in this systematic review. Eight prospective cohorts, 15 retrospective studies, and 7 studies based on national registries...
October 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039589/partial-monosomy-8p-and-trisomy-16q-in-two-children-with-developmental-delay-detected-by-array-comparative-genomic-hybridization
#12
Zoe Papadopoulou, Ioannis Papoulidis, Stavros Sifakis, Georgios Markopoulos, Annalisa Vetro, Angeliki-Maria Vlaikou, Monica Ziegler, Thomas Liehr, Loretta Thomaidis, Orsetta Zuffardi, Maria Syrrou, Kitsos George, Emmanouil Manolakos
Two cases of liveborn unrelated children with developmental delay and overlapping unbalanced translocations der(8)t(8;16)(p23.2;q23.3) and der (8)t(8;16)(p23.1;q23.1), leading to partial monosomy 8p and partial trisomy 16q, are reported in the present study. The first patient was a 10‑year‑old boy with mild developmental delay and minor congenital anomalies (borderline microcephaly, clinodactyly, hypertelorism, epicanthus, mild systolic murmur and kidney reflux). The second patient was a 3 year‑old girl with developmental delay, gross motor milestone delay and dysmorphic features...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029246/the-epidermal-growth-factor-network-role-in-oocyte-growth-maturation-and-developmental-competence
#13
Dulama Richani, Robert B Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: The LH surge induces great physiological changes within the preovulatory follicle, which culminate in the ovulation of a mature oocyte that is capable of supporting embryo and foetal development. However, unlike mural granulosa cells, the oocyte and its surrounding cumulus cells are not directly responsive to LH, indicating that the LH signal is mediated by secondary factors produced by the granulosa cells. The mechanisms by which the oocyte senses the ovulatory LH signal and hence prepares for ovulation has been a subject of considerable controversy for the past four decades...
September 20, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#14
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026562/developmental-progression-of-intellectual-disability-autism-and-epilepsy-in-a-child-with-an-iqsec2-gene-mutation
#15
Rachelle Zipper, Sherri D Baine, Jacob Genizi, Hen Maoz, Nina S Levy, Andrew P Levy
The neurodevelopmental progression of a school-aged child with a spontaneous IQSEC2 mutation has demonstrated apparent regression of milestones and language. Seizures associated with the disorder have been refractory to medical treatment. Late treatment of autism in this child has led to improved social skills.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020061/catching-up-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-compared-to-healthy-children-before-and-after-sensorimotor-therapy
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mats Niklasson, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen
The aims of the present study were to (a) compare healthy children in terms of sensorimotor maturity to untreated children diagnosed with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (b) compare healthy children to diagnosed children following completed treatment with sensorimotor therapy. Participants were 298 children, 196 boys and 102 girls, distributed into a Norm group of healthy children (n = 99) and a group of children diagnosed with DCD (n = 199) with a total mean age of 8.77 years (SD = 2.88). Participants in both groups were assessed on instruments aimed to detect sensorimotor deviations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982953/neuroimaging-and-endocrine-disorders-in-paediatric-optic-nerve-hypoplasia
#17
Xiaoxiao Qian, Samksha Fouzdar Jain, Linda A Morgan, Travis Kruse, Monina Cabrera, Donny W Suh
PURPOSE: Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) is one of the leading causes of blindness among children. The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine the risk factors and association between brain MRI findings, pituitary abnormalities and endocrine disorders with the presence of ONH. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients seen at paediatric ophthalmology clinics from January 2006 to December 2016 at Children's Hospital and Medical Center and the University of Nebraska Medical Center was performed...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977308/surveillance-of-child-development-an-analysis-of-brazil-s-situation
#18
Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Suzana Lins da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Pedro Tadeu Álvares Costa Caminha de Azevedo, Maria Cristina Dos Santos Figueira, Malaquias Batista
OBJECTIVE: To describe Brazil's historical background with regard to child development surveillance and perform a systematic review of studies published on surveillance records of child development within Child Health Handbooks. DATA SOURCES: A literature review was conducted in April of 2016 in the following electronic databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline)...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972842/culture-and-development-a-systematic-relationship
#19
Heidi Keller
This article argues that the relationships between culture and development are differential and systematic. Therefore the presentation of the Western middle-class developmental pathway in textbooks as universal is grossly neglecting the reality and the psychologies of the majority of the world' s population. First, the conception of culture as the representation of environmental conditions is presented. The level of formal education acts as organizer of social milieus that define different learning environments for children...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949015/the-development-of-feeding-behavior-in-wild-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii
#20
Joel Bray, Melissa Emery Thompson, Martin N Muller, Richard W Wrangham, Zarin P Machanda
OBJECTIVES: Primates have an extended period of juvenility before adulthood. Although dietary complexity plays a prominent role in hypotheses regarding the evolution of extended juvenility, the development of feeding behavior is still poorly understood. Indeed, few studies have investigated the timing and nature of feeding transitions in apes, including chimpanzees. We describe general patterns of feeding development in wild chimpanzees and evaluate predictions of the needing-to-learn hypothesis...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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