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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225462/validity-evidence-from-ratings-of-pediatric-interns-and-subinterns-on-a-subset-of-pediatric-milestones
#1
Teri L Turner, Vasudha L Bhavaraju, Ulana A Luciw-Dubas, Patricia J Hicks, Sara Multerer, Amanda Osta, Jennifer McDonnell, Sue Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate evidence for validity of faculty members' pediatric milestone (PM) ratings of interns (first-year residents) and subinterns (fourth-year medical students) on nine subcompetencies related to readiness to serve as a pediatric intern in the inpatient setting. METHOD: The Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN) and the National Board of Medical Examiners collaborated to investigate the utility of assessments of the PMs for trainees' performance...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198006/associations-of-early-developmental-milestones-with-adult-intelligence
#2
Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Erik L Mortensen
The study investigated whether age at attainment of 20 developmental milestones within the areas of language, walking, eating, dressing, social interaction, and toilet training was associated with adult intelligence. Mothers of 821 children of the Copenhagen Perinatal Cohort recorded 20 developmental milestones at a 3-year examination, and all children were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale when they were 20-34 years old. Later attainment of a number of milestones was associated with lower adult IQ with the strongest associations found for those related to language and social interaction...
February 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152624/brief-self-report-scales-assessing-life-history-dimensions-of-mating-and-parenting-effort
#3
Daniel J Kruger
Life history theory (LHT) is a powerful evolutionary framework for understanding physiological, psychological, and behavioral variation both between and within species. Researchers and theorists are increasingly integrating LHT into evolutionary psychology, as it provides a strong foundation for research across many topical areas. Human life history variation has been represented in psychological and behavioral research in several ways, including indicators of conditions in the developmental environment, indicators of conditions in the current environment, and indicators of maturation and life milestones (e...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144272/milestones-a-rapid-assessment-method-for-the-clinical-competency-committee
#4
Christopher Nabors, Leanne Forman, Stephen J Peterson, Melissa Gennarelli, Wilbert S Aronow, Lawrence DeLorenzo, Dipak Chandy, Chul Ahn, Sachin Sule, Gary W Stallings, Sahil Khera, Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, William H Frishman
INTRODUCTION: Educational milestones are now used to assess the developmental progress of all U.S. graduate medical residents during training. Twice annually, each program's Clinical Competency Committee (CCC) makes these determinations and reports its findings to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The ideal way to conduct the CCC is not known. After finding that deliberations reliant upon the new milestones were time intensive, our internal medicine residency program tested an approach designed to produce rapid but accurate assessments...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141721/can-a-pediatrician-effectively-treat-a-9-year-old-obese-girl
#5
Kyung Kay Rhee, Kerri Boutelle, Matthew McKenna, Martin T Stein
Maria is a 9-year-old Latina girl who was followed up by her pediatrician since birth with normal developmental milestones, good school achievement, and without significant medical problems. She was not in the pediatric office for the past 3 years. At the age of 9 years, she presented for a health supervision visit. Her pediatrician looked at her growth chart-90 pounds (95th percentile) and height 52 inches (50th percentile)-that confirmed a clinical impression of obesity on physical examination. Her body mass index was 23...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141719/-more-than-meets-the-eye-when-the-neonatal-course-may-impact-several-years-out
#6
Fadiyla Dopwell, John Maypole, Bharati Sinha, Heidi Currier, William DeBassio, Marilyn Augustyn
Nadia is a 7-year-old girl who you have followed since her discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Her parents are here today for an urgent visit with behavioral concerns, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression.Nadia is a former 40-weeker born through vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery at 9 pounds 7 ounces. Her delivery was complicated with shoulder dystocia, which resulted in resuscitation. Her Apgar scores were 1, 3, and 4 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes, respectively. After intubation and stabilization on mechanical ventilation, Nadia was transferred to the NICU...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141714/developmental-coordination-disorder-plus-a-diagnosis-by-exclusion
#7
Jodi Santosuosso, Kristin Strand, Brooke B Surran, N Paul Rosman, Marilyn Augustyn
Cayden is a 6.3-year-old boy who you have been following in our practice since birth. He was born at 35.5 weeks at 6 pounds 4 ounces following a fraternal twin gestation. Both children were "on target" with their milestones, but Cayden did not seem to progress as quickly as his sister. He did not initiate play with his sister when they were toddlers and Cayden was the "shy" one.
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131598/early-motor-developmental-milestones-and-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
S Filatova, H Koivumaa-Honkanen, N Hirvonen, A Freeman, I Ivandic, T Hurtig, G M Khandaker, P B Jones, K Moilanen, J Miettunen
The neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia proposes that impaired brain development is a cause of the illness. Early motor developmental milestones, such as learning to walk, are predictors of later schizophrenia but studies have not been systematically reviewed. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the association between early motor developmental milestones and the risk of adult schizophrenia. In addition, we updated a systematic review on motor function and risk of schizophrenia...
January 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128779/developmental-milestones-for-productivity-occupations-in-children-and-youth-an%C3%A2-integrative-review
#9
Lisette d'Entremont, Megan Gregor, Evangelia Kirou, Lindsay Nelligan, Donna Dennis
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on developmental milestones for productivity occupations throughout the paediatric lifespan, and negative connotations of work for children and youth may have contributed to a paucity of literature on the topic. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain what is currently known about the timing and types of engagement in productivity occupations in children and youth aged 4-19. METHODS: Literature referencing productive occupations in children and youth aged 4-19 was searched for this integrative review...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#10
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095807/comparison-of-developmental-milestone-attainment-in-early-treated-hiv-infected-infants-versus-hiv-unexposed-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Sarah Benki-Nugent, Dalton Wamalwa, Agnes Langat, Kenneth Tapia, Judith Adhiambo, Daisy Chebet, Helen Moraa Okinyi, Grace John-Stewart
BACKGROUND: Infant HIV infection is associated with delayed milestone attainment. The extent to which effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) prevents these delays is not well defined. METHODS: Ages at attainment of milestones were compared between HIV-infected (initiated ART by age <5 months), and HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infants. Kaplan Meier analyses were used to estimate and compare (log-rank tests) ages at milestones between groups. Adjusted analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077017/adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-lymphoma-survivors-report-lower-health-related-quality-of-life-compared-to-a-normative-population-results-from-the-profiles-registry
#12
Olga Husson, Judith B Prins, Suzanne E J Kaal, Simone Oerlemans, Wendy B Stevens, Bradley Zebrack, Winette T A van der Graaf, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Trying to simultaneously achieve developmental milestones and cope with a life-threatening disease may place adolescents and young adults (AYAs) at risk for impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) later in life. The aim of this study was to examine differences in HRQoL between AYA lymphoma survivors and a normative population and to determine sociodemographic, clinical and long-term symptom-related factors associated with HRQoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was part of a longitudinal, population-based survey among lymphoma survivors diagnosed between 1999 and 2012...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050484/sleep-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-behaviour-problems-seen-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-children-and-yoga-as-therapy-a-descriptive-review
#13
REVIEW
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with deficiencies in many developmental milestones during the infantile childhood. Recent researches have shown that apart from behaviour problems, the ASD children also suffer from physiological conditions such as disturbed sleep and gastrointestinal problems that could be the contributing factors to their daytime behaviour problems. Lots of parents have expressed that, lack of sleep among the children have resulted in high levels of stress among the family members particularly among the immediate caretakers which are in most cases the mother of the child...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044261/cognitive-development-in-a-young-child-with-mucolipidosis-type-iv-a-case-report
#14
Evelyn L Fisher, Rose A Sevcik, MaryAnn Romski
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML IV) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by severe psychomotor impairments and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Reports on the cognitive development of people with ML IV are limited, but suggest that achievement of language and cognitive milestones varies between a 3- and 18-month level. There is also variability in reports of whether people with ML IV make developmental progress, regress, or remain static after infancy. This study examines the longitudinal development of a young child with ML IV who participated in an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention...
January 3, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042903/trajectories-of-violent-behavior-among-females-and-males
#15
Elizabeth Cauffman, Adam Fine, April G Thomas, Kathryn C Monahan
Both the psychological and criminological fields have long hypothesized the mechanisms that influence desistance from violent offending, but few studies have focused on violent females. This study identifies patterns of violent behavior across 7 years among 172 females and 172 matched males ages 15-24, testing if heterogeneity in violent offending is linked to (a) developmental change in impulse control and (b) attainment of adult milestones. Fewer females persist in violence (25%) than males (46%); 19% of males increase in violent behavior...
January 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032407/cyp2a6-metabolism-in-the-development-of-smoking-behaviors-in-young-adults
#16
Emily Olfson, Joseph Bloom, Sarah Bertelsen, John P Budde, Naomi Breslau, Andrew Brooks, Robert Culverhouse, Grace Chan, Li-Shiun Chen, David Chorlian, Danielle M Dick, Howard J Edenberg, Sarah Hartz, Dorothy Hatsukami, Victor M Hesselbrock, Eric O Johnson, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Jacquelyn L Meyers, John Nurnberger, Bernice Porjesz, Nancy L Saccone, Marc A Schuckit, Jerry Stitzel, Jay A Tischfield, John P Rice, Alison Goate, Laura J Bierut
Cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) encodes the enzyme responsible for the majority of nicotine metabolism. Previous studies support that slow metabolizers smoke fewer cigarettes once nicotine dependent but provide conflicting results on the role of CYP2A6 in the development of dependence. By focusing on the critical period of young adulthood, this study examines the relationship of CYP2A6 variation and smoking milestones. A total of 1209 European American young adults enrolled in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism were genotyped for CYP2A6 variants to calculate a previously well-validated metric that estimates nicotine metabolism...
December 29, 2016: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031374/large-scale-behavior-change-initiative-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-advanced-language-and-motor-development-in-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation-in-bangladesh
#17
Edward A Frongillo, Phuong H Nguyen, Kuntal K Saha, Tina Sanghvi, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Jean Baker, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Promoting adequate nutrition through interventions to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) has the potential to contribute to child development. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an intensive intervention package that was aimed at improving IYCF at scale through the Alive & Thrive initiative in Bangladesh also advanced language and gross motor development, and whether advancements in language and gross motor development were explained through improved complementary feeding...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028913/iodine-status-and-associations-with-feeding-practices-and-psychomotor-milestone-development-in-six-month-old-south-african-infants
#18
Jennifer Osei, Jeannine Baumgartner, Marinel Rothman, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Namukolo Covic, Mieke Faber, Cornelius M Smuts
Iodine is important for normal growth and psychomotor development. While infants below 6 months of age receive iodine from breast milk or fortified infant formula, the introduction of complementary foods poses a serious risk for deteriorating iodine status. This cross-sectional analysis assessed the iodine status of six-month-old South African infants and explored its associations with feeding practices and psychomotor milestone development. Iodine concentrations were measured in infant (n = 386) and maternal (n = 371) urine (urinary iodine concentration [UIC]), and in breast milk (n = 257 [breast milk iodine concentrations])...
December 28, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028824/clinical-question-should-we-be-offering-fertility-preservation-by-surgical-sperm-retrieval-to-men-with-klinefelter-s-syndrome
#19
Kevin McEleny, Tim Cheetham, Richard Quinton
The diagnosis of Klinefelter's syndrome was made at 11 years of age. The patient was born normally at full term and, although his mother noticed occasions when he was "different" from his siblings, he encountered no major problems until 6-7 years of age when he gained weight excessively and began exhibiting "difficult" behaviour with delayed motor and neurocognitive milestones. Following his presentation to children's community services with pertussis aged 10 these developmental issues began to be explored, culminating in his karyotype being checked...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019721/the-effect-of-deprivation-on-the-developmental-activities-of-adolescent-rugby-union-players-in-wales
#20
Charles O N Winn, Paul R Ford, Melitta A McNarry, Jason Lewis, Gareth Stratton
The developmental activities of rugby union players and their interaction with deprivation remain to be elucidated. Five-hundred and ninety elite junior rugby union players (14.8 ± 0.5 years) were split into deprivation quintiles. These players subsequently completed a participant history questionnaire to record their involvement in rugby and other sports. Players accumulated 1987 ± 1297 h in rugby between 6 and 15 years of age. During the mini rugby stage (6-10 years of age), players accumulated an average of 113 ± 105, 89 ± 69 and 43 ± 19 h per year in rugby play, practice and competition, respectively...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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