keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neurostimulation blocks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461127/comparison-of-lidocaine-and-lidocaine-epinephrine-for-the-paravertebral-brachial-plexus-block-in-dogs
#1
Amélie Choquette, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Kate Alexander, Jean-Jacques Kona-Boun, Dominique Gauvin, Eric Troncy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the motor and sensory block efficacy and duration of a modified paravertebral brachial plexus block (PBPB) after administration of lidocaine alone (LI) or combined with epinephrine (LE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy female Beagle dogs. METHODS: Under general anesthesia, modified PBPB was performed on the left thoracic limb using neurostimulation and/or ultrasound guidance to administer lidocaine (2 mg kg(-1); 0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432602/sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-in-the-management-of-chronic-headaches
#2
REVIEW
Jeffery Mojica, Bi Mo, Andrew Ng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) block has been used by clinicians in the treatment of a variety of headache disorders, facial pain syndromes, and other facial neuralgias. The sensory and autonomic fibers that travel through the SPG provided the scientific rationale for symptoms associated with these head and neck syndromes. Yet, despite the elucidation of this pathogenic target, the optimal method to block its pain-producing properties has not been determined. Clinicians have developed various invasive and non-invasive techniques, each of which has shown variable rates of success...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347551/multimodal-analgesia-and-regional-anaesthesia
#3
C Tornero Tornero, L E Fernández Rodríguez, J Orduña Valls
Multimodal analgesia provides quality analgesia, with fewer side effects due to the use of combined analgesics or analgesic techniques. Regional anaesthesia plays a fundamental role in achieving this goal. The different techniques of regional anaesthesia that include both peripheral and central blocks in either a single dose or in continuous infusion help to modulate the nociceptive stimuli that access the central level. The emergence of the ultrasound as an effective system to perform regional anaesthesia techniques has allowed the development of new regional anaesthesia techniques that formerly could not be carried out since only neurostimulation or skin references were used...
March 24, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344948/the-effect-of-combining-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-with-interscalene-or-supraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgeries-using-neurostimulation-technique
#4
H O Idehen, C A Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: The different approaches to the brachial plexus have clinical implications and all these approaches have clinical limitations. Combining different approaches helps to reduce these limitations. Can a combination of two different methods of brachial plexus block give a better anaesthetic outcome? AIM: To compare the effect of combining axillary plexus block with interscalene as opposed to axillary plexus block with supraclavicular blocks. DESIGN OF STUDY: Prospective observational study...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315922/superior-perioperative-analgesia-with-combined-femoral-obturator-sciatic-nerve-block-in-comparison-with-posterior-lumbar-plexus-and-sciatic-nerve-block-for-acl-reconstructive-surgery
#5
Metaxia Bareka, Michael Hantes, Eleni Arnaoutoglou, George Vretzakis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled study is to compare and evaluate the intraoperative and post-operative outcome of PLPS nerve block and that of femoral, obturator and sciatic (FOS) nerve block as a method of anaesthesia, in performing ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Patients referred for elective arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using hamstring autograft were divided in two groups. The first group received combined femoral-obturator-sciatic nerve block (FOS Group) under dual guidance, whereas the second group received posterior lumbar plexus block under neurostimulation and sciatic nerve block (PLPS Group) under dual guidance...
March 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086940/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-analgesia-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-feasibility-study
#6
Brian M Ilfeld, Christopher A Gilmore, Stuart A Grant, Michael P Bolognesi, Daniel J Del Gaizo, Amorn Wongsarnpigoon, Joseph W Boggs
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve stimulation has been used for decades to treat chronic pain but has not been used for postoperative analgesia due to multiple limitations, beginning with invasive electrode placement. With the development of small-diameter/gauge leads enabling percutaneous insertion, ultrasound guidance for accurate introduction, and stimulators small enough to be adhered to the skin, neurostimulation may now be provided in a similar manner to continuous peripheral nerve blocks...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072807/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-refractory-chronic-migraine-results-of-a-long-term-prospective-study
#7
Dolores Rodrigo, Pilar Acin, Pedro Bermejo
BACKGROUND: Refractory chronic migraine affects approximately 4% of the population worldwide and results in severe pain, lifestyle limitations, and decreased quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) refers to the electric stimulation of the distal branches of greater and lesser occipital nerves; the surgical technique has previously been described and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of headache disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of ONS for medically intractable chronic migraine...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034599/neuraxial-analgesia-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-fowler-s-syndrome-and-sacral-neuromodulation
#8
M Ansó, L Veiga-Gil, J De Carlos, A Hualde, J Pérez-Cajaraville
We report the anesthetic management of a 16-year-old woman with Fowler's syndrome who became pregnant three years after sacral neuromodulation was initiated for treatment of the condition. Multidisciplinary consensus was to switch off the neurostimulator during pregnancy, and attempt vaginal delivery with a neuraxial block. When the patient was admitted for labor, an epidural catheter was placed successfully. The patient had a normal vaginal delivery. Sacral neuromodulation was restarted uneventfully in the early puerperium and the Fowler's syndrome remains well controlled...
May 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007291/-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-review
#9
Berenice Carolina Hernández-Porras, Ricardo Plancarte-Sánchez, Silvia Alarcón-Barrios, Marcela Sámano-García
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome is characterized by spontaneous or induced pain disproportionate in relation to the initial event and is accompanied by a variety of regional and motor disturbances, leading to a variety of clinical presentations. It is often associated with surgery and minor trauma. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: Three mechanisms are postulated: changes secondary to post traumatic inflammation, peripheral vasomotor dysfunction and structural and functional changes of the central nervous system as a result of maladaptation...
December 19, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902645/effect-of-nerve-stimulation-use-on-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-subsartorial-saphenous-nerve-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Shaylyn H Montgomery, Colleen M Shamji, Grace S Yi, Cynthia H Yarnold, Stephen J Head, Scott C Bell, Stephan K W Schwarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided subsartorial saphenous nerve block is commonly used to provide complete surgical anesthesia of the foot and ankle in combination with a popliteal sciatic nerve block. However, in part owing to its small caliber and absence of a prominent vascular landmark in the subsartorial plane distal to the adductor canal, the saphenous nerve is more difficult to reliably block than the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Although the saphenous nerve is a sensory nerve only, neurostimulation can be used to elicit a "tapping" sensation on the anteromedial aspect of the lower leg extending toward the medial malleolus...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685345/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-postoperative-analgesia-could-neurostimulation-replace-continuous-peripheral-nerve-blocks
#11
Brian M Ilfeld, Stuart A Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589694/single-double-or-multiple-injection-techniques-for-non-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-in-adults-undergoing-surgery-of-the-lower-arm
#12
REVIEW
Ki Jinn Chin, Javier E Cubillos, Husni Alakkad
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia comprising axillary block of the brachial plexus is a common anaesthetic technique for distal upper limb surgery. This is an update of a review first published in 2006 and previously updated in 2011 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative effects (benefits and harms) of three injection techniques (single, double and multiple) of axillary block of the brachial plexus for distal upper extremity surgery. We considered these effects primarily in terms of anaesthetic effectiveness; the complication rate (neurological and vascular); and pain and discomfort caused by performance of the block...
September 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366387/total-spinal-block-after-thoracic-paravertebral-block
#13
Serbülent Gökhan Beyaz, Hande Özocak, Tolga Ergönenç, Ali Fuat Erdem, Onur Palabıyık
Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) can be performed with or without general anaesthesia for various surgical procedures. TPVB is a popular anaesthetic technique due to its low side effect profile and high analgesic potency. We used 20 mL of 0.5% levobupivacaine for a single injection of unilateral TPVB at the T7 level with neurostimulator in a 63 year old patient with co-morbid disease who underwent cholecystectomy. Following the application patient lost consciousness, and was intubated. Haemodynamic instability was normalised with rapid volume replacement and vasopressors...
February 2014: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255448/the-efficacy-of-simultaneous-bilateral-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-under-the-guidance-of-neurostimulator-or-ultrasound-a-prospective-study
#14
Huaijiang Wang, Liandi Li, Chengshi Xu, Xiangdong Qu, Zhijun Qu, Geng Wang
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the risk of local anesthetic toxicity and efficacy of simultaneous bilateral axillary brachial plexus block performed under the guidance of ultrasound or a neurostimulator. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients who were anesthetized with bilateral axillary plexus block simultaneously between February 2012 and March 2014 were enrolled in the study. The patients were anesthetized under the guidance of a neurostimulator (group N, n = 60) or ultrasound (group U, n = 60)...
August 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126092/osler-weber-rendu-syndrome-an-anaesthetic-challenge
#15
Diana Chieira, Luis Conceição, Edgar Semedo, Valentina Almeida
Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, or hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), is an autosomal dominant vascular dysplasia characterised by mucocutaneous telangiectases and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Diagnosis is clinical and treatment is supportive. The authors demonstrate a safe anaesthetic approach for a patient with HHT. A 53-year-old woman with a left trochanteric fracture was scheduled for urgent orthopaedic surgery. She was diagnosed as having HHT and presented with recurrent epistaxis, telangiectases and gastrointestinal AVMs...
April 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101216/comparison-of-the-supraclavicular-infraclavicular-and-axillary-approaches-for-ultrasound-guided-brachial-plexus-block-for-surgical-anesthesia
#16
Anatoli Stav, Leonid Reytman, Michael-Yohay Stav, Isaak Portnoy, Alexander Kantarovsky, Offer Galili, Shmuel Luboshitz, Roger Sevi, Ahud Sternberg
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that ultrasound (US)-guided technique of the supra- and infraclavicular and axillary approaches of brachial plexus block (BPB) will produce a high quality of surgical anesthesia for operations below the shoulder independently of the approach and body mass index (BMI). Intercostobrachial and medial brachial cutaneous nerves will be blocked separately because they are not a part of the brachial plexus. METHODS: This is a prospective randomized observer-blinded study...
April 19, 2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035462/primary-failure-of-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-in-training-centers-the-invisible-elephant
#17
De Q H Tran, Tom C R V Van Zundert, Julian Aliste, Phatthanaphol Engsusophon, Roderick J Finlayson
In teaching centers, primary failure of thoracic epidural analgesia can be due to multiple etiologies. In addition to the difficult anatomy of the thoracic spine, the conventional end point-loss-of-resistance-lacks specificity. Furthermore, insufficient training compounds the problem: learning curves are nonexistent, pedagogical requirements are often inadequate, supervisors may be inexperienced, and exposure during residency is decreasing. Any viable solution needs to be multifaceted. Learning curves should be explored to determine the minimal number of blocks required for proficiency...
May 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009564/invasive-pericranial-nerve-interventions
#18
Anna Ambrosini, Jean Schoenen
BACKGROUND: In many patients suffering from primary headaches, the available pharmacological and behavioural treatments are not satisfactory. This is a review of (minimally) invasive interventions targeting pericranial nerves that could be effective in refractory patients. METHODS: The interventions we will cover have in common pericranial nerves as targets, but are distinct according to their rationale, modality and invasiveness. They range from nerve blocks/infiltrations to the percutaneous implantation of neurostimulators and surgical decompression procedures...
March 22, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966048/pharmacotherapy-for-dravet-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Adam Wallace, Elaine Wirrell, Daniel L Kenney-Jung
Dravet syndrome (DS) is an intractable pediatric epilepsy syndrome, starting in early childhood. This disorder typically manifests with febrile status epilepticus, and progresses to a multifocal epilepsy with febrile and non-febrile seizures with encephalopathy. Most cases are due to a mutation in the SCN1A gene. This article reviews treatments for DS, with an emphasis on pharmacotherapy. While many medications are used in treating the seizures associated with DS, these patients typically have medically refractory epilepsy, and polytherapy is often required...
June 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26959293/greater-occipital-nerve-as-target-for-refractory-chronic-headaches-from-corticosteroid-block-to-invasive-neurostimulation-and-back
#20
Paolo Martelletti, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Dimos-Dimitrios Mitsikostas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
keyword
keyword
115164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"