Read by QxMD icon Read


Fabio Pezzoni
AIM OF THE STUDY: Alprostadil (A) induces smooth-muscle relaxation by stimulating the increasing of intracellular cAMP. Intra-urethral administration is an alternative to its intra-cavernose injection in inducing erection. In order to understand the functional and anatomical basis for drug transfer, the possible communications of the corpus spongiosum with the corpora cavernosa were studied. MATERIAL OF STUDY: A "Spongiogram" (SP) was performed in 44patients (pt...
April 7, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
I M Madaeva, O N Berdina, N V Semenova, V V Madaev, I N Gutnik, L I Kolesnikova
The article presents the results of a polysomnographic study with simultaneous monitoring spontaneous nocturnal erections - Nocturnal Penile Tumescences (NPT) in 69 men with age-related androgen deficiency (AAD). Of these, 45 patients were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In 34 of the 45 patients with OSAS, regimens of non-invasive ventilation with positive-positive airway pressure (CPAP) were selected. Titration was carried out using automatic CPAP-devices for 2 months. The control group (n=24) comprised men with AAD, matched by the "copy-pair" type without clinical manifestations of respiratory disturbances during sleep...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
M Dias, M J Oliveira, P Oliveira, I Ladeira, R Lima, M Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual activity. Recent studies have shown an association between ED and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this issue is often ignored. We aimed to evaluate the ED prevalence in COPD patients and its risk factors and to study the impact of dyspnea in sexual activity. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that included sexually active male patients with COPD...
June 14, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Necdet Poyraz, Havva Kalkan, Kemal Ödev, Sami Ceran
The most commonly employed radiologic method in diagnosis of pleural diseases is conventional chest radiograph. The commonest chest- X-Ray findings are the presence of pleural effusion and thickening. Small pleural effusions are not readily identified on posteroanterior chest radiograph. However, lateral decubitus chest radiograph and chest ultrasonography may show small pleural effusions. These are more efficient methods than posteroanterior chest radiograph in the erect position for demonstrating small amounts of free pleural effusions...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Venkat Arjunrao Gite, Hitesh Mahendra Jain, Sachin M Bote, Jayant Vijay Nikose
PURPOSE: We evaluate here our experience with modified Cantwell-Ransley technique described by Gearhart for correction of isolated continent epispadias in adults with respect to its long-term functional outcome and complications. INTRODUCTION: Isolated male epispadias is a rare anomaly with a reported incidence of 1 in 11,700 males. Many surgical techniques with various modifications described to correct epispadias as treatment are debatable and challenging. The majority of the cases are treated at childhood as clinical presentation is striking at birth; hence, presentation in adulthood is extremely rare...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Sudhanshu Dixit, C Raghunathan, Kailash Chandra
Polyclads are free-living marine flatworms known for their striking colour and patterns. These animals though frequently encountered are still understudied in the Indian context. The present paper describes three new species, two belonging to the genus Pseudoceros Lang, 1884 and one to the genus Prostheceraeus Schmarda, 1859. Pseudoceros auranticrinis sp. nov. is characterised by whitish cream background colour, brown mottling with numerous white and dark brown spots all over the body except margins and a smooth dorsal surface with orange pseudotentacles, Pseudoceros vishnui sp...
May 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Laurence A Mound, Desley J Tree
Two new genera are erected of plectrothripine Phlaeothripidae from northern Australia, each based on a single species. One has a long stout projection ventrally on the second antennal segment, the other has a unique arrangement of the dorsal facets of the compound eyes. In both of them the thoracic ventral sclerites are extensively eroded.
June 6, 2017: Zootaxa
Henrik Enghoff
The new genus Tropostreptus is erected to accommodate seven species which are all endemic in Tanzania: T. hamatus (Demange, 1977) (type species, = Spirostreptus hamatus Demange, 1977), T. sigmatospinus sp. nov., T. microcephalus sp. nov., T. droides sp. nov., T. kipunji spec. nov., T. austerus (Attems, 1950) (= Epistreptus austerus Attems, 1950) and T. severus sp. nov. All but one (T. sigmatospinus) of the species are restricted to the Eastern Arc Mts. in a wide sense, i.e., including Mt. Rungwe. Notes are included on Rickia gigas Santamaria et al...
June 7, 2017: Zootaxa
M B Malipatil
Indopamphantini trib. nov., a new tribe of subfamily Pamphantinae of family Geocoridae, is erected for Indopamphantus gen. nov., containing one species, I. makutaensis sp. nov., as the first member of this subfamily from the Oriental Region. The strikingly myrmecomorphic I. makutaensis, collected only from Makuta range area within Coorg [Kodagu] district at altitudes of up to 909 metres in the canopy of Vateria indica L. (Dipterocarpaceae), a tree indigenous to the Western Ghats in south India, is described and illustrated...
March 10, 2017: Zootaxa
Wim R Willems, Patrick Reygel, Niels VAN Steenkiste, Bart Tessens, Tom J Artois
Fifteen species of kalyptorhynch flatworms, twelve of them eukalyptorhynchs and three schizorhynchs, are reported from the KwaZulu-Natal coast in South Africa. Six species are new to science, five of which belong to Eukalyptorhynchia, the remaining one to Schizorhynchia. One of the new eukalyptorhynch species, Uncinorhynchus linusi n. sp., belongs to the taxon Gnathorhynchidae Meixner, 1929 and can be distinguished from other species of Uncinorhynchus Karling, 1947 based on the detailed structure of the proboscis hooks and the hard part in the male genital system...
March 13, 2017: Zootaxa
Allen F Sanborn, Maxine S Heath
The status of several North American cicada genera is reconsidered based on the recent erection of new genera and historical evidence. Megatibicen Sanborn & Heath, 2016 is shown to have priority over Megatibicen Lee, 2016 (which was changed by the author to Gigatibicen Lee, 2016 prior to formal publication). Ameritibicen Lee, 2016 is shown to be a junior synonym of Megatibicen Sanborn & Heath, 2016 and both Ameritibicen n. syn. and and Gigatibicen Lee, 2016 n. syn. are synonymized here to Megatibicen Sanborn & Heath...
March 15, 2017: Zootaxa
Stephania Sandoval Arango, Ranulfo González Obando, Alfonso Neri García Aldrete
The genus Prolachesilla Mockford & Sullivan presently includes nine species, all described when the genus was erected; since then, no other species have been discovered. Here, we describe and illustrate one Bolivian and three Mexican species. This is the first record of Prolachesilla from Bolivia. A key to the species of the genus is included.
March 20, 2017: Zootaxa
Jiyuan Feng, Fuming Shi, Shaoli Mao
Gorochov (1993) erected the subgenus Xizicus (Xizicus), with the type species Xizicus (Xizicus) fascipes (Bey-Bienko, 1955). This subgenus is distinguished from the other subgenera of Xizicus by the following characters: male tenth abdominal tergite with a pair of contiguous posterior processes in the middle; subgenital plate simple, styli slender, located on the apices or subapices of lateral margins; posterior margin of female subgenital plate rounded.
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
Penelope J Mills, Penny J Gullan, Lyn G Cook
Apiomorpha Rübsaamen, 1894 was erected as a replacement name for Brachyscelis Schrader, 1863 that was preoccupied in the Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae: Brachyscelis Germar, 1834). Apiomorpha is a genus of eriococcid scale insects that induce galls on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) in Australia and New Guinea (Szent-Ivany & Womersley 1962; Gullan 1984; Gullan et al. 2005). In his original description of the genus, Schrader (1863a) included six species, of which B. citricola Schrader was subsequently recognised as a nomen nudum (Froggatt 1921)...
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
Michael Balke, Jiří Hájek, Lars Hendrich
A reclassification of several species traditionally included in Rhantus Dejean, 1833 is given: Nartus Zaitzev, 1907 is re-instated as genus with one species in the Nearctic and one in the Palaearctic region; two new genera are erected: Meri-diorhantus n. gen., with M. antarcticus (Germain, 1854) n. comb., M. calidus (Fabricius, 1792) n. comb., M. limbatus (Aubé, 1838) n. comb., M. orbignyi (Balke, 1992) n. comb., M. validus (Sharp, 1882) n. comb. in the Neotropical region (M. calidus also in the southern USA and along the eastern coast as far north as New York City), and the monotypic Caperhantus n...
April 26, 2017: Zootaxa
Mark L I Judson
The first extant representatives of the pseudoscorpion family Feaellidae from Southeast Asia are described. Cybella n. gen. is proposed for Cybella deharvengi n. sp. (type species), collected from an isolated limestone hill in Hon Chong Province, Vietnam, and C. bedosae n. sp., found in a limestone cave in Kampuchea, Cambodia. Cybella species seem to be restricted to karst formations and are probably troglophilic. The type localities of the two known species are threatened by quarrying activities, these being particularly pressing in the case of C...
April 26, 2017: Zootaxa
Timo Siepmann, Alexandra Pintér, Sylvia J Buchmann, Leonie Stibal, Martin Arndt, Anne Sophie Kubasch, Marie Luise Kubasch, Ana Isabel Penzlin, Elka Frenz, Wagner Zago, Tamás Horváth, Szabolcs Szatmári, Dániel Bereczki, Annamária Takáts, Tjalf Ziemssen, Axel Lipp, Roy Freeman, Heinz Reichmann, Kristian Barlinn, Ben Min-Woo Illigens
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease (PD), alpha-synuclein accumulation in cutaneous autonomic pilomotor and sudomotor nerve fibers has been linked to autonomic nervous system disturbances even in the early stages of the disease. This study aims to assess the association between alpha-synuclein-mediated structural autonomic nerve fiber damage and function in PD, elucidate the role of neuropathy progression during the early disease stages, and test reproducibility and external validity of pilomotor function assessment using quantitative pilomotor axon-reflex test and sudomotor function via quantitative direct and indirect test of sudomotor function...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Amira M Senbel, Heba M Abd Elmoneim, Fouad M Sharabi, Mahmoud M Mohy El-Din
Potassium channels (K(+)Ch) in corpus cavernosum play an important role in the regulation of erection. Nitric oxide (NO) acts through opening of K(+)Ch leading to hyperpolarization and relaxation. Aim : This study aims to update knowledge about the role of voltage-gated K(+)Ch (KV) channels in erectile machinery and investigate their role in the control of NO action &/or synthesis in the corpus cavernosum. Methods : Tension studies using isolated rabbit corpus cavernosum (CC) strips and rat anococcygeus muscle were conducted...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Maged Saad Adel-Kader, Naif Wahebi Hamadan Alwahebi, Prawez Alam
The indole alkaloid Yohimbine has been used for over two centuries in the treatment of erectly dysfunction. Several formulations containing yohimbine salts, yohimbe bark power or extract are marketed worldwide. Determination of the amount of yohimbine in such formulation is a challenging task due to their complex nature. Extraction followed by acid-base purification resulted in a relatively pure alkaloids containing fractions. The exact amounts of yohimbine free base in different formulations were determined by densitometric HPTLC validated methods using silica gel TLC plates...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hari D Upadhyaya, Deepak Bajaj, Rishi Srivastava, Anurag Daware, Udita Basu, Shailesh Tripathi, Chellapilla Bharadwaj, Akhilesh K Tyagi, Swarup K Parida
A combinatorial genomics-assisted breeding strategy encompassing association analysis, genetic mapping and expression profiling is found most promising for quantitative dissection of complex traits in crop plants. The present study employed GWAS (genome-wide association study) using 24,405 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) obtained with genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) of 92 sequenced desi and kabuli accessions of chickpea. This identified eight significant genomic loci associated with erect (E)/semi-erect (SE) vs...
June 9, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"