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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439994/ethnicity-and-age-as-factors-in-sildenafil-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction
#1
Dana A Ohl, Vera Stecher, Li-Jung Tseng
INTRODUCTION: Sildenafil has been evaluated in >16 000 men with erectile dysfunction (ED) in double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. AIM: To assess efficacy and safety of sildenafil in ED by ethnicity (white, black Asian) and age (≤45, 46-60, ≥61 years). METHODS: Data were pooled from 38 double-blind, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose trials. Most had starting sildenafil doses of 50 mg once daily, ~1 hour before sexual activity, with adjustment to 100 or 25 mg as needed...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439426/is-it-possible-to-differentiate-between-pseudopneumoperitoneum-and-similar-pathologies-ultrasonographically
#2
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
AIM: The goal of the work was comparing gas ultrasound images below the right diaphragm in two groups: in people with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm and ones with pneumoperitoneum and extracting the traits differentiating these two conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, the documentation of 22 patients with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm (group 1) was utilized. Clinical material was used for comparison, previously published, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation - group 2 (in total n = 29)...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436077/neuroprotective-effect-of-epidermal-growth-factor-in-experimental-acrylamide-neuropathy-an-electrophysiological-approach
#3
H Perez-Saad, N Subiros, J Berlanga, L Aldana, D Garcia Del Barco
The neuroprotective effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been documented in different contexts, but its potential benefits in peripheral neuropathies have been little studied. We investigated the neuroprotective action of EGF in experimental neuropathy induced by acrylamide (ACR). Mice and rats were treated chronically with acrylamide for 6 and 8 weeks, respectively. Concurrently they received EGF in daily doses of 1 and 5 mg/kg in mice and 3 mg/kg in rats, or saline (PBS). ACR severely affected the neurological score, the muscle strength, and the muscle potential M, in mice, as well as F-waves, sensory potentials (SP), and apomorphine-induced penile erection, in rats...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434421/galileo-s-legacy-a-critical-edition-and-translation-of-the-manuscript-of-vincenzo-viviani-s-grati-animi-monumenta
#4
Stefano Gattei
Having been found 'vehemently suspected of heresy' by the Holy Office in 1633, at the time of his death (1642) Galileo's remains were laid to rest in the tiny vestry of a lateral chapel of the Santa Croce Basilica, Florence. Throughout his life, Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo's last disciple, struggled to have his master's name rehabilitated and his banned works reprinted, as well as a proper funeral monument erected. He did not live to see all this come true, but his efforts triggered a mechanism that eventually led to the fulfilment of his wishes...
April 24, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433921/a-contribution-to-the-phylogeny-of-agglutinating-arcellinida-amoebozoa-based-on-ssu-rrna-gene-sequences
#5
Fatma Gomaa, Daniel J G Lahr, Milcho Todorov, Jingchun Li, Enrique Lara
Arcellinid testate amoebae include a wide variety of amoeboid organisms whose test (shell) varies in shape, composition and size. A decade ago, we initiated molecular phylogenetic analyses based on SSU rRNA gene sequences and a taxonomic revision of Arcellinida. However, many lineages within Arcellinida still lack molecular data, and the phylogeny of this group is largely incomplete. In this study, we obtained SSU rRNA gene sequences from seven taxa, of which six have agglutinated shell (Difflugia oblonga, D...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433432/ascende-rt-an-analysis-of-treatment-related-morbidity-for-a-randomized-trial-comparing-a-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-boost-with-a-dose-escalated-external-beam-boost-for-high-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer
#6
Sree Rodda, Scott Tyldesley, W James Morris, Mira Keyes, Ross Halperin, Howard Pai, Michael McKenzie, Graeme Duncan, Gerard Morton, Jeremy Hamm, Nevin Murray
PURPOSE: To report the genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity and erectile dysfunction in a randomized trial comparing 2 methods of dose escalation for high- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: ASCENDE-RT (Androgen Suppression Combined with Elective Nodal and Dose Escalated Radiation Therapy) enrolled 398 men, median age 68 years, who were then randomized to either a standard arm that included 12 months of androgen deprivation therapy and pelvic irradiation to 46 Gy followed by a dose-escalated external beam radiation therapy (DE-EBRT) boost to 78 Gy, or an experimental arm that substituted a low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy (LDR-PB) boost...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429951/-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-1500-surgeries
#7
J Kočárek, J Heráček, M Čermák, F Chmelík, M Matějková
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common malignant disease in men. The number of cases of prostate cancer has increased dramatically in recent 20 years. Radical prostatectomy is a surgical method for the first-line treatment of localised prostate cancer. We performed the first robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy on December 16th, 2005, achieved the boundary of 1000 robotic-assisted radical prostatectomies in 2012, and in 2015, we successfully completed the 1500th robotic-assisted operation on the prostate...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425309/laboratory-tests-on-heat-treatment-of-ballast-water-using-engine-waste-heat
#8
Rajoo Balaji, Hing Lee Siang, Omar Yaakob, Kho King Koh, Faizul Amri Bin Adnan, Nasrudin Bin Ismail, Badruzzaman Bin Ahmad, Mohd Arif Bin Ismail, W B Wan Nik
Waste heat recovery from shipboard machineries could be a potential source for heat treatment of ballast water. Similar to a shipboard schematic arrangement, a laboratory-scale engine-heat exchanger set-up harvesting waste heat from jacket water and exhaust gases was erected to test the level of species' mortalities. Mortalities were also assessed under experimental conditions for cultured and natural plankton communities at laboratory level. Effect of pump impellers on species' mortalities were also tested...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417025/dorsal-phalloplasty-to-preserve-penis-length-after-penile-prosthesis-implantation
#9
Osama Shaeer, Kamal Shaeer, Islam A Rahman
OBJECTIVES: Following penile prosthesis implantation (PPI), patients may complain of a decrease in visible penis length. A dorsal phalloplasty defines the penopubic junction by tacking pubic skin to the pubis, revealing the base of the penis. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a dorsal phalloplasty in increasing the visible penis length following PPI. METHODS: An inflatable penile prosthesis was implanted in 13 patients with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) at the Kamal Shaeer Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, from January 2013 to May 2014...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415366/statistical-mechanics-of-the-triple-contact-line
#10
Michel Y Louge
We outline a statistical mechanics of the triple gas-solid-liquid contact line on a rough plane. The analysis regards the neighborhood of the line as a solid dotted with cavities. It adopts the simplest mean-field statistical mechanics, in which each cavity is either full or empty, while being connected to near neighbors by thin necks. The theory predicts equilibrium angles for advance and recession in terms of the Young contact angle and the joint statistical distribution of two quantifiable geometrical parameters representing specific neck cross-section and specific cavity opening...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413384/pyogenic-granuloma-of-the-penis-an-uncommon-lesion-with-unusual-presentation
#11
Rateb F Katmeh, Luke Johnson, Eilis Kempley, Shrinal Kotecha, Wael Hamarneh, Sudhanshu Chitale
We present the case of a 37-year-old man who presented with a penile lesion that engorged on erection. Ultrasound examination demonstrated vascularity of the lesion and the decision was made to perform a complete excision. Histological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of a pyogenic granuloma of the penis. Follow-up demonstrated no recurrence at 3 months.
January 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408350/neuroactive-steroid-levels-and-psychiatric-and-andrological-features-in-post-finasteride-patients
#12
Roberto Cosimo Melcangi, Daniele Santi, Roberto Spezzano, Maria Grimoldi, Tommaso Tabacchi, Maria Letizia Fusco, Silvia Diviccaro, Silvia Giatti, Giuseppe Carrà, Donatella Caruso, Manuela Simoni, Guido Cavaletti
Recent reports show that, in patients treated with finasteride for male pattern hair loss, persistent side effects including sexual side effects, depression, anxiety and cognitive complaints may occur. We here explored the psychiatric and andrological features of patients affected by post-finasteride syndrome (PFS) and verified whether the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma levels of neuroactive steroids (i.e., important regulators of nervous function) are modified. We found that eight out of sixteen PFS male patients considered suffered from a DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407577/diabetes-associated-with-male-reproductive-system-damages-onset-of-presentation-pathophysiological-mechanisms-and-drug-intervention
#13
REVIEW
Guang-Jiang Shi, Zhi-Mei Li, Jie Zheng, Jian Chen, Xiao-Xu Han, Jing Wu, Guang-Yong Li, Qing Chang, Yu-Xiang Li, Jian-Qiang Yu
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem that affects patients' quality of life quality throughout the world due to its many complications. Reproductive dysfunction is one of the major secondary complications in both diabetic animals and human beings. Furthermore, DM has recently broken the age barrier and has been heavily diagnosed in children and young persons of reproductive age. In the past few years, many studies on DM in male reproductive functions in both diabetic men and experimental diabetic animals have been published...
April 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406567/evolution-of-spinopelvic-alignment-in-hominins
#14
Ella Been, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Sara Shefi, Michalle Soudack, Markus Bastir, Alon Barash
Spinopelvic alignment refers to the interaction between pelvic orientation, spinal curvatures, and the line of gravity. In a healthy modern human, this alignment is characterized by reciprocal curves/orientation of the sacrum, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, and cervical lordosis. In an economic sagittal posture, these curvatures keep the line of gravity close to the center of the acetabulum. The purpose of this study is to explore the spinopelvic alignment in extinct hominins. We examined spinopelvic alignment of a single representative from each of the following hominin groups: Australopithecus, Homo erectus (H...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402284/three-new-genera-of-rhinebothriidean-cestodes-from-stingrays-in-southeast-asia
#15
Janine N Caira, Claire J Healy, Fernando P L Marques, Kirsten Jensen
Three genera of rhinebothriideans, previously referred to as New genus 1, New genus 2 and New genus 4, are erected in the the Anthocephaliidae. New genus 1 is established as Divaricobothrium gen. n., with Divaricobothrium tribelum sp. n. as its type species; Echeneibothrium trifidum Shipley et Hornell, 1906 is transferred to the genus as Divaricobothrium trifidum (Shipley et Hornell, 1906) comb. n. This genus is unique among rhinebothriidean genera in bearing bothridia that are posteriorly deeply divided into two lobes with facial loculi but no apical sucker, and a vagina that extends to near the anterior margin of the proglottid...
April 4, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400660/anthropometric-analysis-of-the-hip-joint-in-south-indian-population-using-computed-tomography
#16
Vetrivel Chezian Sengodan, Elangovan Sinmayanantham, J Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Proximal femur has a significant functional modification on erect bipedal posture. Various proximal femoral parameters were analyzed in Western literature. This information was utilized in prosthetic designing. Implants designed for Western people are used in Indian patients undergoing hip surgeries such as internal fixation and replacement arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done among 200 individuals (400 hips) with a normal hip joint after ethical committee clearance...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400085/distinguishing-failure-to-cure-from-complication-after-penile-prosthesis-implantation
#17
Miguel Pineda, Arthur L Burnett
BACKGROUND: A successful penile prosthesis implantation (PPI) surgery can be defined by outcomes beyond the absence of complications. AIM: To introduce the concept of failure to cure (FTC) in the context of PPI to more accurately gauge postoperative outcomes after PPI. METHODS: Consecutive patients from our sexual function registry who underwent PPI from January 2011 to December 2013 were analyzed. Demographics, previous treatment of erectile dysfunction, comorbidities, social history, postoperative problems (POPs), and surgical outcomes were tabulated...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396913/geographical-variation-in-sexual-behavior-and-body-traits-in-a-sex-role-reversed-wolf-spider
#18
Fedra Bollatti, Virginia Garcia Diaz, Alfredo V Peretti, Anita Aisenberg
Mating partners need to recognize, assess each other, and exchange information through behavioral events that occur before, during, and after mating. Sexual signals, as well as life history traits, are influenced by selective pressures and environmental factors that can vary across distant geographical areas. Allocosa senex is a sand-dwelling wolf spider which constructs burrows along the sandy coasts of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Females are the mobile sex that searches for males and initiates courtship...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395720/-the-2-chloride-adenosine-alleviates-the-damage-of-brain-tissues-in-pentylenetetrazole-kindled-epileptic-mice-by-regulating-p-glycoprotein-expression
#19
Ping Shan, Yulan Gou, Lijun Luo, Jilong Zhang, Suiqiang Zhu
Objective To observe the changes of expression of P-glycoprotein (PGP) in the brain of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindled epileptic mice after 2-chloride adenosine (2-CAdo) stimulation. Methods The C57BL/6 mice (n=40) were randomly divided into three groups: control group (n=8), PTZ group (n=16) and 2-CAdo group (n=16). The epileptic model was established by intraperitoneal injection of PTZ [30 mg/(kg.d)]. The control group were given the same amount of normal saline. The seizures were observed during PTZ kindling (kindling rate, latency time, start time and durations of seizures)...
April 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394523/-comparison-of-functional-outcomes-after-retropubic-and-robot-assisted-radical-nerve-sparing-prostatectomy-conducted-by-surgeons-with-total-caseloads-of-over-1000-prostatectomies
#20
D Yu Pushkar, V V Dyakov, A O Vasilyev, D V Kotenko
AIM: To compare the functional outcomes of bilateral nerve-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) at 12 months after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of two groups, each of 50 sexually active patients with localized low risk prostate cancer. The first group comprised patients who underwent RRP, while the second underwent RARP. All operations were carried out sequentially from January to August 2015 using nerve-sparing technique...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
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