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journal of bone and mineral

Friedrich C Jassil, Alisia Carnemolla, Helen Kingett, Bruce Paton, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Jacqueline Doyle, Stephen Morris, Neville Lewis, Amy Kirk, Andrea Pucci, Kusuma Chaiyasoot, Rachel L Batterham
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are the two most common bariatric surgery performed in the UK that result in comparable weight loss and remission of obesity-associated comorbidities. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the impact of these procedures on body composition, physical activity levels, sedentary behaviour, physical function and strength, dietary intake, health-related quality of life and costs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The BARI-LIFESTYLE observational study is a 1-year prospective, longitudinal cohort study within a real-world routine clinical care setting aiming to recruit 100 patients with severe obesity undergoing either primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy from two bariatric centres in London, UK...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Michael A Wewege, Rachel E Ward
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively compare bone mineral density (BMD) outcomes between pre-professional female adolescent ballet dancers and control populations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases and relevant journals were systematically searched up to August 2017. Included articles examined BMD in adolescent females undergoing pre-professional ballet training and healthy age-matched controls with an available English full text...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
David A Turner, Rebekah Fong Soe Khioe, Lee Shepstone, Elizabeth Lenaghan, Cyrus Cooper, Neil Gittoes, Nicholas C Harvey, Richard Holland, Amanda Howe, Eugene McCloskey, Terence W O'Neill, David Torgerson, Richard Fordham
The SCOOP study was a two-arm randomized controlled trial conducted in the UK in 12,483 eligible women aged 70 to 85 years. It compared a screening program using the FRAX® risk assessment tool in addition to bone mineral density (BMD) measures versus usual management. The SCOOP study found a reduction in the incidence of hip fractures in the screening arm, but there was no evidence of a reduction in the incidence of all osteoporosis-related fractures. To make decisions about whether to implement any screening program, we should also consider whether the program is likely to be a good use of health care resources, ie, is it cost-effective? The cost per gained quality adjusted life year of screening for fracture risk has not previously been demonstrated in an economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Michael R McClung, Nicholas C Harvey, Lorraine A Fitzpatrick, Paul D Miller, Gary Hattersley, Yamei Wang, Felicia Cosman
OBJECTIVE: Advanced age is an important risk factor for fracture. The Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral Endpoints (ACTIVE) trial showed that subcutaneous abaloparatide increased bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. This study describes the effects of abaloparatide in the subgroup of women aged 80 or more years in ACTIVE. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of BMD and fracture incidence in this subgroup of women who received abaloparatide or placebo in the 18-month, phase 3, double-blind, randomized controlled ACTIVE trial...
February 16, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Xia Zhao, Hee Kwon Song, Alan C Seifert, Cheng Li, Felix W Wehrli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173995.].
2018: PloS One
Tania Winzenberg, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Christian Mølgaard, Kun Zhu, Feitong Wu, Richard D Riley
INTRODUCTION: Our previous study-level (aggregate data) meta-analysis suggested that vitamin D supplements may be beneficial for bone density specifically in children with vitamin D deficiency. However, the misclassification of vitamin D status inherent in study-level data means that the results are not definitive and cannot provide an accurate assessment of the size of any effect. Therefore, we propose to undertake an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to determine whether the effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone density in children differs according to baseline vitamin D status, and to specifically estimate the effect of vitamin D in children who are vitamin D deficient...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Alex Peidl
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major clinical problem among the ageing population, yet no disease-modifying treatments currently exist. This issue arises, in part, due to the complex processes occurring in the microenvironment of articular cartilage that lead to osteoarthritic changes. Gaining a better understanding of these processes is crucial in developing a viable therapy for OA. A recent report in Journal of Bone Mineral Metabolism by Janune et al. (J Bone Miner Metab 35:582-597, 2016) suggests a novel role for CCN3 in maintaining the differentiated phenotype of articular cartilage...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Christine L Hunt, Wenchun Qu, Timothy P Maus, Mohamad Bydon
Objective: The aim of this paper is to review the available literature investigating the effect of epidural steroid injections (ESIs) on bone mineral density (BMD) and vertebral fracture risk. Study design: Systematic review of current literature. Methods: The sources of the data were PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Scopus. Papers included in the review were original research articles in peer-reviewed journals. Results: A total of 7,233 patients (eight studies) with a mean age ranging between 49 and 74 years and an average follow-up between six and 60 months were studied...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Grace A McComsey, Sergio Lupo, David Parks, Mónica Coronado Poggio, Joseph De Wet, Lesley P Kahl, Kostas Angelis, Brian Wynne, Kati Vandermeulen, Martin Gartland, Michael Cupo, Michael Aboud
OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) loss, a risk factor for osteoporosis, has been attributed to HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART), including regimens containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. DESIGN: Study 202094 is an open-label, parallel-group, sub-study of the phase III SWORD-1 and SWORD-2 studies ( identifier, NCT02478632). METHODS: HIV-1-infected adults with HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/ml who received ART containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for at least 6 months were randomized to receive dolutegravir with rilpivirine or continue current ART regimen...
February 20, 2018: AIDS
Antonio Barquet, Peter V Giannoudis, Andrés Gelink
INTRODUCTION: Hardware removal in healed trochanteric fractures (TF) in the absence of infection or significant mechanical complications is rarely indicated. However, in patients with persistent pain, prominent material and discomfort in the activities of daily living, the implant is eventually removed. Publications of ipsilateral femoral neck fracture after removal of implants from healed trochanteric fractures (FNFARIHTF) just because of pain or discomfort are rare. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to report on the eventual risk factors, the mechanisms, the clinical presentation, and frequency, and to pay special emphasis in their prevention...
December 2017: Injury
Nicholas C Harvey, Anders Odén, Eric Orwoll, Jodi Lapidus, Timothy Kwok, Magnus K Karlsson, Björn E Rosengren, Östen Ljunggren, Cyrus Cooper, Eugene McCloskey, John A Kanis, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Helena Johansson
Although prior falls are a well-established predictor of future fracture, there is currently limited evidence regarding the specific value of falls history in fracture risk assessment relative to that of other clinical risk factors and bone mineral density (BMD) measurement. We therefore investigated, across the three Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study cohorts, whether past falls predicted future fracture independently of FRAX and whether these associations varied with age and follow-up time. Elderly men were recruited from MrOS Sweden, Hong Kong, and USA...
March 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
C R Villa, A Taibi, J Chen, W E Ward, E M Comelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The gut microbiota is determined early in life, possibly including pregnancy. Pioneering data suggest vitamin D, a nutrient important for bone health, affects this microbiota. We found that high maternal vitamin D lowered circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS), improved intestinal barrier and bone health in male but not female offspring in an obesogenic environment. This study determined if high maternal dietary vitamin D programs Bacteroides and Prevotella and whether this associates with bone mineral content, density and structure of male and female adult offspring fed an obesogenic diet...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Jin-Gang Zhu, Jin-Bor Chen, Ben-Chung Cheng, Chih-Hsiung Lee, Gang Long, Yu-Shu Chien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We examined the association between markers of chronic kidney disease - mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the association between markers of CKD-MBD and mortality in 1,126 HD patients from 2009 to 2013 with baseline (B), time-average (TA), and time-dependent (TD) Cox regression models. RESULTS: Hypercalcemia (10.9-11.9 mg/dL) indicated an increased risk of all-cause mortality (TA: hazard ratio [HR] 3...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
Faisal Khan, Morgan M Sandelski, Jeffrey D Rytlewski, Jennifer Lamb, Christina Pedro, Michael B N Adjei, Shatoria Lunsford, James P Fischer, Austin E Wininger, Elizabeth C Whipple, Randall T Loder, Melissa A Kacena
The existence of a gender gap in academia has been a hotly debated topic over the past several decades. It has been argued that due to the gender gap, it is more difficult for women to obtain higher positions. Manuscripts serve as an important measurement of one's accomplishments within a particular field of academia. Here, we analyzed, over the past 3 decades, authorship and other trends in manuscripts published in BONE, one of the premier journals in the field of bone and mineral metabolism. For this study, one complete year of manuscripts was evaluated (e...
February 2018: Bone
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Conor Lambert, Belinda R Beck, Amy T Harding, Steven L Watson, Benjamin K Weeks
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the Osteoporosis Prevention Through Impact and Muscle-loading Approaches to Exercise trial is to compare the bone response to two known osteogenic stimuli - impact loading exercise and resistance training. Specifically, we will examine the effect of a 10-month, twice-weekly, high-intensity impact loading exercise intervention and a 10-month, twice-weekly, high-intensity resistance training intervention on bone mass and strength at clinically important skeletal sites...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
Gregory P Way, Daniel W Youngstrom, Kurt D Hankenson, Casey S Greene, Struan Fa Grant
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have contributed significantly to the understanding of complex disease genetics. However, GWAS only report association signals and do not necessarily identify culprit genes. As most signals occur in non-coding regions of the genome, it is often challenging to assign genomic variants to the underlying causal mechanism(s). Topologically associating domains (TADs) are primarily cell-type-independent genomic regions that define interactome boundaries and can aid in the designation of limits within which an association most likely impacts gene function...
November 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Austin E Wininger, James P Fischer, Elive F Likine, Andrew S Gudeman, Alexander R Brinker, Jonathan Ryu, Kevin A Maupin, Shatoria Lunsford, Elizabeth C Whipple, Randall T Loder, Melissa A Kacena
In academia, authorship is considered a currency and is important for career advancement. As the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR) is the highest-ranked journal in the field of bone, muscle, and mineral metabolism and is the official publication of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, we sought to examine authorship changes over JBMR's 30-year history. Two bibliometric methods were used to collect the data. The "decade method" included all published manuscripts throughout 1 year in each decade over the past 30 years starting with the inaugural year, yielding 746 manuscripts for analysis...
December 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Amir Emamifar, Søren Hess, Oke Gerke, Anne Pernille Hermann, Helle Laustrup, Per Syrak Hansen, Peter Thye-Rønn, Niels Marcussen, Frank Svendstrup, Rannveig Gildberg-Mortensen, Jacob Christian Bang, Ziba Ahangarani Farahani, Stavros Chrysidis, Pia Toftegaard, Rikke Asmussen Andreasen, Sebastian le Greves, Hanne Randi Andersen, Rudolf Nezlo Olsen, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen
INTRODUCTION: Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are common inflammatory conditions. The diagnosis of PMR/GCA poses many challenges since there are no specific diagnostic tests. Recent literature emphasizes the ability of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) to assess global disease activity in inflammatory diseases. 18F-FDG PET/CT may lead to the diagnosis at an earlier stage than conventional imaging and may also assess response to therapy...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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