keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1331

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785695/differences-in-characteristics-and-outcome-of-patients-with-penetrating-injuries-in-the-usa-and-the-netherlands-a-multi-institutional-comparison
#1
Suzan Dijkink, Pieta Krijnen, Aglaia Hage, Gwendolyn M Van der Wilden, George Kasotakis, Dennis den Hartog, Ali Salim, J Carel Goslings, Frank W Bloemers, Steven J Rhemrev, David R King, George C Velmahos, Inger B Schipper
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and nature of penetrating injuries differ between countries. The aim of this study was to analyze characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with penetrating injuries treated at urban Level-1 trauma centers in the USA (USTC) and the Netherlands (NLTC). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 1331 adult patients (470 from five NLTC and 861 from three USTC) with truncal penetrating injuries admitted between July 2011 and December 2014 were included...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590289/associations-of-bariatric-surgery-with-changes-in-interpersonal-relationship-status-results-from-2-swedish-cohort-studies
#2
Gustaf Bruze, Tobias E Holmin, Markku Peltonen, Johan Ottosson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Ingmar Näslund, Martin Neovius, Lena M S Carlsson, Per-Arne Svensson
Importance: Bariatric surgery is a life-changing treatment for patients with severe obesity, but little is known about its association with interpersonal relationships. Objectives: To investigate if relationship status is altered after bariatric surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Changes in relationship status after bariatric surgery were examined in 2 cohorts: (1) the prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study, which recruited patients undergoing bariatric surgery from September 1, 1987, to January 31, 2001, and compared their care with usual nonsurgical care in matched obese control participants; and (2) participants from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg), a prospective, electronically captured register that recruited patients from January 2007 through December 2012 and selected comparator participants from the general population matched on age, sex, and place of residence...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589599/continuous-monitoring-of-respiratory-rate-on-general-wards-what-might-the-implications-be-for-clinical-practice
#3
C P Subbe, B Duller
A high respiratory rate is a significant predictor of deterioration. The accuracy of measurements has been questioned. We performed a prospective observational study of automated electronic respiratory rate measurements and compared measurements with electronic counts obtained in the 10 minutes prior to the manual measurement. For 182 patients 1331 matching measurements could be compared. The mean age of these patients was 68 (SD 14) years. 96 (53%) of patients were female. While mean and median measurements were similar frequency distributions were significantly different...
2018: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499553/maternal-and-partner-prenatal-alcohol-use-and-infant-cognitive-development
#4
Clare McCormack, Delyse Hutchinson, Lucy Burns, George Youssef, Judy Wilson, Elizabeth Elliott, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Sue Jacobs, Larissa Rossen, Craig Olsson, Richard Mattick
BACKGROUND: Teratogenicity of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure is established, but uncertainty remains regarding the impact of moderate alcohol exposure on cognitive deficits in infants. Separating in utero effects from environmental confounding is a challenge for observational studies; consideration of alcohol use by partners as well as mothers may help clarify this. This study examined associations between prenatal alcohol use by both mothers and their partners and infant cognitive developmental outcomes at 12-months...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490290/medicaid-and-fulfillment-of-desired-postpartum-sterilization
#5
Kavita Shah Arora, Barbara Wilkinson, Emily Verbus, Mary Montague, Jane Morris, Mustafa Ascha, Brian M Mercer
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess fulfillment of sterilization requests while accounting for the complex interplay between insurance, clinical and social factors in a contemporary context that included both inpatient and outpatient postpartum sterilization procedures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective single-center cohort chart review study of 1331 women with a documented contraceptive plan at time of postpartum discharge of sterilization. We compared sterilization fulfillment within 90days of delivery, time to sterilization and rate of subsequent pregnancy after nonfulfillment between women with Medicaid and women with private insurance...
February 25, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378178/limbal-stem-cell-deficiency-demography-and-underlying-causes
#6
Jayesh Vazirani, Dhanyasree Nair, Swapna Shanbhag, Siva Wurity, Abhishek Ranjan, Virender Sangwan
PURPOSE: To determine the demographic features of patients affected by limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD), and to identify the underlying causes of LSCD. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter case series. SETTING: Two large tertiary care ophthalmology hospitals. SUBJECTS: Patients with a diagnosis of LSCD presenting from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2014. METHODS: Records of patients with a clinical diagnosis of LSCD were reviewed...
April 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329329/prevalence-risk-factors-and-molecular-evaluation-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-resident-in-the-northern-shores-of-persian-gulf-iran
#7
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Mohamad Reza Ravanbod, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali, Sakineh Taherkhani, Easa Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Although Iran is reported to be an endemic country for hepatitis E virus (HEV), data on the prevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women are scarce and the epidemiology of HEV is unknown in most parts of the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence, risk factors and genotypic pattern of HEV infection among pregnant women resident in the northern shores of Persian Gulf. This is the first report on the epidemiology of HEV infection among pregnant women in this territory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227753/the-magnitude-of-a-community-s-health-needs-and-nonprofit-hospitals-progress-in-meeting-those-needs-are-we-faced-with-a-paradox
#8
Simone R Singh, Geri R Cramer, Gary J Young
OBJECTIVES: Although most nonprofit hospitals are required to conduct periodic community health needs assessments (CHNAs), such assessments arguably are most critical for communities with substantial health needs. The objective of this study was to describe differences in progress in conducting CHNAs between hospitals located in communities with the greatest compared with the fewest health needs. METHODS: We used data on CHNA activity from the 2013 tax filings of 1331 US hospitals combined with data on community health needs from the County Health Rankings...
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192423/bisphosphonates-for-paget-s-disease-of-bone-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Luis Corral-Gudino, Adrian Jh Tan, Javier Del Pino-Montes, Stuart H Ralston
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are considered to be the treatment of choice for people with Paget's disease of bone. However, the effects of bisphosphonates on patient-centred outcomes have not been extensively studied. There are insufficient data to determine whether reducing and maintaining biochemical markers of bone turnover to within the normal range improves quality of life and reduces the risk of complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of bisphosphonates for adult patients with Paget's disease of bone...
December 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165744/hypothermia-therapy-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Lige Leng
The purpose of this article was mainly focus on in patients with TBI, does or not hypothermia improved mortality and/or chance of good neurologic outcome compared with standard of care alone. We performed a comprehensive search strategy. Articles were eliminated in a stepwise fashion. Data from each study was entered in Review Manager (RevMan) software version 5.0 when reported. 7 studies, including 1331 patients confirmed to all selection criteria and were identified. This meta-analysis got all data of 7 articles together to come to a conclusion, besides that, it also carried on a detailed analysis of different classification, trying to outline the possible mechanism...
October 29, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157195/management-of-transient-ischemic-attacks-diagnosed-by-early-career-general-practitioners-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Andrew R Davey, Daniel S Lasserson, Christopher R Levi, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Mieke L van Driel, Lawrie McArthur, Neil A Spike, Parker J Magin
Background Transient ischemic attack incurs a risk of recurrent stroke that can be dramatically reduced by urgent guideline-recommended management at the point of first medical contact. Aims This study describes the prevalence and associations of new transient ischemic attack presentations to general practice registrars and the management undertaken. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training cohort study. General practice registrars from five Australian states (urban to very remote practices) collected data on 60 consecutive patient encounters during each of their three six-month training terms...
April 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155877/immune-response-profiles-of-calves-following-vaccination-with-live-bcg-and-inactivated-mycobacterium-bovis-vaccine-candidates
#12
E M D L van der Heijden, J Chileshe, J C M Vernooij, C Gortazar, R A Juste, I Sevilla, J E Crafford, V P M G Rutten, A L Michel
Conventional control and eradication strategies for bovine tuberculosis (BTB) face tremendous difficulties in developing countries; countries with wildlife reservoirs, a complex wildlife-livestock-human interface or a lack of veterinary and veterinary public health surveillance. Vaccination of cattle and other species might in some cases provide the only suitable control strategy for BTB, while in others it may supplement existing test-and-slaughter schemes. However, the use of live BCG has several limitations and the global rise of HIV/AIDS infections has furthermore warranted the exploration of inactivated vaccine preparations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119573/temperature-cycling-during-platelet-cold-storage-improves-in-vivo-recovery-and-survival-in-healthy-volunteers
#13
Jaroslav G Vostal, Monique P Gelderman, Andrey Skripchenko, Fei Xu, Ying Li, Johannah Ryan, Chunrong Cheng, Pam Whitley, Michael Wellington, Sherrie Sawyer, Shalene Hanley, Stephen J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Room temperature (RT) storage of platelets (PLTs) can support bacterial proliferation in contaminated units, which can lead to transfusion-transmitted septic reactions. Cold temperature storage of PLTs could reduce bacterial proliferation but cold exposure produces activation-like changes in PLTs and leads to their rapid clearance from circulation. Cold-induced changes are reversible by warming and periodic rewarming during cold storage (temperature cycling [TC]) has been proposed to alleviate cold-induced reduction in PLT circulation...
January 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115004/evaluation-of-a-multifactorial-approach-to-reduce-the-prevalence-of-pressure-injuries-in-regional-australian-acute-inpatient-care-settings
#14
Sarah K Smith, Samantha E Ashby, Lynette Thomas, Felicity Williams
The aim of the study was to compare the changes in the prevalence of pressure injuries from 2008 to 2014 in relation to staff behaviour in acute/subacute inpatient care settings. In 2008, the large regional health district Hunter New England Local Health District implemented an initiative called the Crystal Model which resulted in changes in their policy and an e-learning education program for all nursing staff. A retrospective cross sectional study compared data from the 2008, 2010 and 2014 point prevalence surveys of PI in acute services...
February 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101441/drivers-of-hospital-costs-in-the-self-pay-facelift-rhytidectomy-patient-analysis-of-hospital-resource-utilization-in-1890-patients
#15
Anmol Chattha, Alexandra Bucknor, David Chi, Klaas Ultee, Austin D Chen, Samuel J Lin
INTRODUCTION: Rhytidectomy is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures by plastic surgeons. Increasing attention to the development of a high-value, low-cost healthcare system is a priority in the USA. This study aims to analyze specific patient and hospital factors affecting the cost of this procedure. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of self-pay patients over the age of 18 who underwent rhytidectomy using the Healthcare Utilization Cost Project National Inpatient Sample database between 2013 and 2014...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075859/transabdominal-pre-peritoneal-versus-open-repair-for-primary-unilateral-inguinal-hernia-a-meta-analysis
#16
James J Wu, Joshua A Way, Guy D Eslick, Michael R Cox
BACKGROUND: Recent NICE guidelines recommend open surgical approaches for the treatment of primary unilateral inguinal hernias. However, many surgeons perform a laparoscopic approach based on the advantages of less post-operative pain and faster recovery. Our aim was to examine current evidence comparing transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic repair and open surgical repair for primary inguinal hernias. METHODS: A systematic search of six electronic databases was conducted for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing TAPP and open repair for primary unilateral inguinal hernia...
May 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069024/risk-factors-of-central-lymph-node-metastasis-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-3273-cases
#17
Wen Liu, Ruochuan Cheng, Yanjun Su, Chang Diao, Jun Qian, Jianming Zhang, Yunhai Ma, Yinxia Fan
Due to the lack of an accurate preoperative diagnostic method of central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), the prophylaxis of central lymph node dissection remains controversial. The present study investigated the clinicopathological features of PTC patients and the risk factors of CLNM. The clinicopathological features of PTC patients with respect to sex, age, initial symptoms, observation, tumor diameter, multifocality, extrathyroidal invasion, and pathological data combined with other thyroid diseases, were analyzed retrospectively...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063057/clinical-epidemiological-survey-of-gallbladder-carcinoma-in-northwestern-china-2009-2013-2379-cases-in-17-centers
#18
Hao-Xin Shen, Hu-Wei Song, Xin-Jian Xu, Zuo-Yi Jiao, Zhen-Yu Ti, Zhao-Yu Li, Bin Ren, Chen Chen, Li Ma, Ya-Ling Zhao, Guan-Jun Zhang, Jian-Cang Ma, Xi-Lin Geng, Xiao-Di Zhang, Jing-Sen Shi, Lin Wang, Zhi-Min Geng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical epidemiological characteristics of patients with gallbladder carcinoma recruited from 17 hospitals in five northwestern provinces of China (Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region) from 2009 to 2013, and to summarize the clinical diagnosis and treatment data of gallbladder carcinoma. METHODS: Clinical information of 2379 patients with gallbladder carcinoma from 17 hospitals in five northwestern provinces of China was retrospectively collected and analyzed using the "Questionnaire for Gallbladder Carcinoma Patients in Northwestern Area of China...
March 25, 2017: Chronic diseases and translational medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990668/population-panmixia-and-demographic-expansion-of-a-highly-piscivorous-marine-fish-scomberomorus-niphonius
#19
S Kitada, K Nakajima, K Hamasaki
Population structure and demographic history of the Japanese Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus niphonius a highly piscivorous and migratory marine fish, were assessed using mitochondrial DNA control region sequences (n = 720) and microsatellite genotypes at five loci (n = 1331) for samples collected on Japanese coasts from 2001 to 2010. The population structure was panmictic and the haplotype and allele frequencies were temporally stable even during the recent recovery process. Demographic expansion was strongly supported throughout the Pleistocene, suggesting that the oscillating glacial and interglacial climate conditions in the Pleistocene had no substantial impact on the demographic history of S...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967416/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-chordal-replacement-versus-leaflet-resection-for-posterior-mitral-leaflet-prolapse
#20
Amine Mazine, Jan O Friedrich, Rashmi Nedadur, Subodh Verma, Maral Ouzounian, Peter Jüni, John D Puskas, Bobby Yanagawa
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes of chordal replacement versus leaflet resection techniques for repair of isolated posterior mitral leaflet prolapse. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for studies that compared chordal replacement ("neo-chord" group) versus leaflet resection ("resection" group) techniques for the treatment of posterior mitral leaflet prolapse. Data were extracted by 2 independent investigators and subjected to a meta-analysis using a random-effects model...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
115149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"