Read by QxMD icon Read


Thomas Voets
Two recent studies reveal a crucial role for the cation channel TRPM2 in sensing warm temperatures, both in the thermoregulatory center of the brain and in the somatosensory system.
October 21, 2016: Cell Research
Hisa Hui Ling Tseng, Chi Teng Vong, Yiu Wa Kwan, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee, Maggie Pui Man Hoi
Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by hyperglycemia increased the secretion of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications. Although high glucose (HG)-induced oxidative stress and aberrant Ca(2+) channels activity causes an increase in transmembrane Ca(2+) influx, however the relative contribution of Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels is not well studied. Here, we identified that HG (30 mM glucose for 48 h) induced the activation of the NLRP3-ASC inflammasome, leading to caspase-1 activation, and IL-1β and IL-18 secretion in human monocytic cell lines...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Lei Bao, Shu-Jen Chen, Kathleen Conrad, Kerry Keefer, Thomas Abraham, John P Lee, JuFang Wang, Xue-Qian Zhang, Iwona Hirschler-Laszkiewicz, Hong-Gang Wang, Sinisa Dovat, Brian Gans, Muniswamy Madesh, Joseph Y Cheung, Barbara A Miller
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 2 (TRPM2) ion channel has an essential function in modulating cell survival following oxidant injury and is highly expressed in many cancers including neuroblastoma. Here, in xenografts generated from neuroblastoma cells in which TRPM2 was depleted with CRISPR/Cas9 technology and in in vitro experiments, tumor growth was significantly inhibited and doxorubicin sensitivity increased. The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1/2α (HIF-1/2α) signaling cascade including proteins involved in oxidant stress, glycolysis and mitochondrial function was suppressed by TRPM2 depletion...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Han Yao, Yunjiao Zhang, Liu Liu, Youcui Xu, Xi Liu, Jun Lin, Wei Zhou, Pengfei Wei, Peipei Jin, Long-Ping Wen
Lanthanide-based nanoparticles (LNs) hold great promise in medicine. A variety of nanocrystals, including LNs, elicits potent inflammatory response through activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. We have previously identified an LNs-specific surface coating peptide RE-1, with the sequence of 'ACTARSPWICG', which reduced nanocrystal-cell interaction and abrogated LNs-induced autophagy and toxicity in both HeLa cells and liver hepatocytes. Here we show that RE-1 coating effectively inhibited LNs-induced inflammasome activation, mostly mediated by NLRP3, in mouse bone marrow derived macrophage (BMDM) cells, human THP-1 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophages and also reduced LNs-elicited inflammatory response in vivo...
November 2016: Biomaterials
Jörg Renkawitz, Michael Sixt
When neutrophils infiltrate a site of inflammation, they have to stop at the right place to exert their effector function. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Wang et al. (2016) show that neutrophils sense reactive oxygen species via the TRPM2 channel to arrest migration at their target site.
September 12, 2016: Developmental Cell
Shinichiro Yamamoto, Shunichi Shimizu
Under pathological conditions such as inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated which, in return, contribute to the development and exacerbation of disease. The second member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) melastatin subfamily, TRPM2, is a Ca(2+)-permeable non-selective cation channel, activated by ROS in an ADP-ribose mediated fashion. In other words, TRPM2 functions as a transducer that converts oxidative stress into Ca(2+) signaling...
September 7, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
Kenjiro Matsumoto, Kanako Takagi, Atsumi Kato, Takuya Ishibashi, Yasuo Mori, Kimihito Tashima, Atsushi Mitsumoto, Shinichi Kato, Syunji Horie
Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a thermosensitive, Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel. TRPM2 contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, and inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We hypothesized that TRPM2 is important for visceral nociception and the development of visceral hypersensitivity. Therefore, we investigated the expression of TRPM2 channels and their involvement in visceral nociception in normal physiology and under pathological conditions that cause visceral hypersensitivity in rats...
November 2016: Experimental Neurology
Kevin J Morine, Vikram Paruchuri, Xiaoying Qiao, Mark Aronovitz, Gordon S Huggins, David DeNofrio, Michael S Kiernan, Richard H Karas, Navin K Kapur
INTRODUCTION: Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are broadly expressed cation channels that mediate diverse physiological stimuli and include canonical (TRPC), melastatin (TRPM), and vanilloid (TRPV) subtypes. Recent studies have implicated a role for TRPC6 channels as an important component of signaling via the cytokine, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) in right (RV) or left ventricular (LV) failure. Endoglin (Eng) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that promotes TRPC6 expression and TGFβ1 activity...
August 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Gang Wang, Luyang Cao, Xiaowen Liu, Nathan A Sieracki, Anke Di, Xi Wen, Yong Chen, Shalina Taylor, Xiaojia Huang, Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi, You-Yang Zhao, Yuanlin Song, Xiaopei Gao, Tian Jin, Chunxue Bai, Asrar B Malik, Jingsong Xu
Blood neutrophils perform an essential host-defense function by directly migrating to bacterial invasion sites to kill bacteria. The mechanisms mediating the transition from the migratory to bactericidal phenotype remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that TRPM2, a trp superfamily member, senses neutrophil-generated reactive oxygen species and restrains neutrophil migration. The inhibitory function of oxidant sensing by TRPM2 requires the oxidation of Cys549, which then induces TRMP2 binding to formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) and subsequent FPR1 internalization and signaling inhibition...
September 12, 2016: Developmental Cell
Kun Song, Hong Wang, Gretel B Kamm, Jörg Pohle, Fernanda de Castro Reis, Paul Heppenstall, Hagen Wende, Jan Siemens
Body temperature homeostasis is critical for survival and requires precise regulation by the nervous system. The hypothalamus serves as the principal thermostat that detects and regulates internal temperature. We demonstrate that the ion channel TRPM2 [of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel family] is a temperature sensor in a subpopulation of hypothalamic neurons. TRPM2 limits the fever response and may detect increased temperatures to prevent overheating. Furthermore, chemogenetic activation and inhibition of hypothalamic TRPM2-expressing neurons in vivo decreased and increased body temperature, respectively...
September 23, 2016: Science
Chun-Hsiang Tan, Peter A McNaughton
Thermally activated ion channels are known to detect the entire thermal range from extreme heat (TRPV2), painful heat (TRPV1, TRPM3 and ANO1), non-painful warmth (TRPV3 and TRPV4) and non-painful coolness (TRPM8) through to painful cold (TRPA1). Genetic deletion of each of these ion channels, however, has only modest effects on thermal behaviour in mice, with the exception of TRPM8, the deletion of which has marked effects on the perception of moderate coolness in the range 10-25 °C. The molecular mechanism responsible for detecting non-painful warmth, in particular, is unresolved...
August 25, 2016: Nature
Nurgül Dolu, Levent Şahin, Davut Sinan Kaplan, Tuncer Demir, Hasan Şimşek, Mehrican Şahin, Beyhan Cengiz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of this experimental study was to examine the effects of epinephrine, dexmedetomidine, and clonidine added as adjuvants to bupivacaine on block onset and effect times, as well as the effects on the Na+ and Ca+2 channel gene expressions, which may indicate cell damage in the sciatic nerve cell membrane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups: Group S (sham), saline solution; Group B, bupivacaine; Group BD, bupivacaine + dexmedetomidine; Group BC, bupivacaine + clonidine; and Group BE, bupivacaine + epinephrine...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Jing Zhong, Sarwat Amina, Mingkun Liang, Shirin Akther, Teruko Yuhi, Tomoko Nishimura, Chiharu Tsuji, Takahiro Tsuji, Hong-Xiang Liu, Minako Hashii, Kazumi Furuhara, Shigeru Yokoyama, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Hiroshi Okamoto, Yong Juan Zhao, Hon Cheung Lee, Makoto Tominaga, Olga Lopatina, Haruhiro Higashida
Hypothalamic oxytocin (OT) is released into the brain by cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) with or without depolarizing stimulation. Previously, we showed that the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) that seems to trigger OT release can be elevated by β-NAD(+), cADPR, and ADP in mouse oxytocinergic neurons. As these β-NAD(+) metabolites activate warm-sensitive TRPM2 cation channels, when the incubation temperature is increased, the [Ca(2+)]i in hypothalamic neurons is elevated. However, it has not been determined whether OT release is facilitated by heat in vitro or hyperthermia in vivo in combination with cADPR...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
(no author information available yet)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channel is a superfamily of cation channels located on the cell membrane. TRP channels are classified into seven subfamilies based on the amino acid sequence homology,and transient receptor potential melastatin 2(TRPM2) is the second member of the TRPM subfamily. More evidences have revealed the important roles of TRPM2 in physiological and pathological events such as release of insulin from pancreatic Β-cells,inflammatory cytokines production from cells,and oxidative stress-induced cell death...
June 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Francesco Marabita, Md Shahidul Islam
OBJECTIVE: Members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are involved in mediating the electrical excitability and stimulus-secretion coupling in the pancreatic β-cells. The expression and the relative abundance of different TRP channels in the human β-cells are unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the expression of the TRP channels and their relative abundance in the human β-cell. METHODS: RNA sequencing data obtained from human islets, fluorescence-activated cell sorting-purified human β-cell and human pancreatic acinar cells were analyzed...
July 25, 2016: Pancreas
Arif Demirdaş, Mustafa Nazıroğlu, İshak Suat Övey
Overload of Ca(2+) entry and excessive oxidative stress in neurons are the two main causes of depression. Activation of transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) and TRP melastatin 2 (TRPM2) during oxidative stress has been linked to neuronal survival. Duloxetine (DULOX) in neurons reduced the effects of Ca(2+) entry and reactive oxygen species (ROS) through glutamate receptors, and this reduction of effects may also occur through TRPM2 and TRPV1 channels. In order to better characterize the actions of DULOX in peripheral pain and hippocampal oxidative injury through modulation of TRPM2 and TRPV1, we tested the effects of DULOX on apoptosis and oxidative stress in the hippocampal and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats...
July 21, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
S Beceiro, J N Radin, R Chatuvedi, M B Piazuelo, D J Horvarth, H Cortado, Y Gu, B Dixon, C Gu, I Lange, D-Lt Koomoa, K T Wilson, H M S Algood, S Partida-Sánchez
Calcium signaling in phagocytes is essential for cellular activation, migration, and the potential resolution of infection or inflammation. The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via activation of NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate)-oxidase activity in macrophages has been linked to altered intracellular calcium concentrations. Because of its role as an oxidative stress sensor in phagocytes, we investigated the function of the cation channel transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) in macrophages during oxidative stress responses induced by Helicobacter pylori infection...
July 20, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
Iordan Iordanov, Csaba Mihályi, Balázs Tóth, László Csanády
Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel essential for immunocyte activation, insulin secretion, and postischemic cell death. TRPM2 is activated by ADP ribose (ADPR) binding to its C-terminal cytosolic NUDT9-homology (NUDT9H) domain, homologous to the soluble mitochondrial ADPR pyrophosphatase (ADPRase) NUDT9. Reported ADPR hydrolysis classified TRPM2 as a channel-enzyme, but insolubility of isolated NUDT9H hampered further investigations. Here we developed a soluble NUDT9H model using chimeric proteins built from complementary polypeptide fragments of NUDT9H and NUDT9...
2016: ELife
Hong-Xiang Liu, Shuang Ma, Yong Nan, Wan-Hua Yang
In recent studies, oxytocin showed potential for the treatment of mental diseases. CD38 is essential for oxytocin release, and hence plays a critical role in social behavior. CD38 catalyzes β-NAD into cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR), which could elevate the intracellular Ca by Ca-permeable channels for oxytocin secretion. The temperature-sensitive cation channel, transient receptor potential melastatin-2 (TRPM2), is a cation-nonselective cation and has been shown to affect oxytocin indirectly. The aim of the present study was to verify the participation of temperature and TRPM2 in CD38-regulated oxytocin release...
August 17, 2016: Neuroreport
Frank J P Kühn, Cornelia Kühn, Mathis Winking, Daniel C Hoffmann, Andreas Lückhoff
The human redox-sensitive Transient receptor potential melastatin type 2 (hTRPM2) channel contains the C-terminal Nudix hydrolase domain NUDT9H which most likely binds ADP-ribose. During oxidative stress, the intracellular release of ADP-ribose triggers the activation of hTRPM2. The TRPM2 orthologue from Nematostella vectensis (nv) is also stimulated by ADP-ribose but not by the oxidant hydrogen peroxide. For further clarification of the structure-function relationships of these two distantly related channel orthologues, we performed whole-cell as well as single channel patch-clamp recordings, Ca2+-imaging and Western blot analysis after heterologous expression of wild-type and mutated channels in HEK-293 cells...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"