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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943246/molecular-detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-ehrlichia-canis-in-a-philippine-dog
#1
Naoya Maekawa, Satoru Konnai, Michelle M Balbin, Claro N Mingala, Karlo R B Gicana, Francis A E M Bernando, Shiro Murata, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME), caused by a rickettsial bacterium, Ehrlichia canis, is distributed worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Transmission of E. canis is primarily mediated by the vector tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato and the bacteria then infect and replicate in monocytes and macrophages. Many cases are seen in veterinary hospitals and treated routinely; however, the genetic variation of E. canis strains found in the Philippines has been poorly investigated to date...
September 20, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943153/melittin-and-its-potential-in-the-destruction-and-inhibition-of-the-biofilm-formation-by-staphylococcus-aureus-escherichia-coli-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-bovine-milk
#2
Tony Picoli, Cristina Mendes Peter, João Luíz Zani, Stefanie Bressan Waller, Matheus Gomes Lopes, Kamilla Neutzling Boesche, Gilberto D Ávila Vargas, Silvia de Oliveira Hübner, Geferson Fischer
Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa stand out in veterinary and human medicine for their role in opportunistic infections and their pathogenic mechanisms, including the biofilms formation. It was investigated the antibacterial activity of melittin and antibiofilm of such bacteria. Twelve strains of these microorganisms isolated from bovine milk were used, as well as the strains S. aureus ATCC 12600, E. coli ATCC 8739 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined by broth microdilution technique...
September 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943061/nutritional-strategies-in-ruminants-a-lifetime-approach
#3
REVIEW
Joseph McGrath, Stéphane M Duval, Luis F M Tamassia, Maik Kindermann, René T Stemmler, Vinícius N de Gouvea, Tiago S Acedo, Irmgard Immig, Scot N Williams, Pietro Celi
This review examines the role of nutritional strategies to improve lifetime performance in ruminants. Strategies to increase ruminants' productive longevity by means of nutritional interventions provide the opportunity not only to increase their lifetime performances and their welfare, but also to decrease their environmental impact. This paper will also address how such nutritional interventions can increase herd efficiency and farm profitability. The key competencies reviewed in this article are redox balance, skeletal development and health, nutrient utilization and sustainability, which includes rearing ruminants without antibiotics and methane mitigation...
September 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942302/congenital-cutaneous-panadnexal-papillomatous-hamartomas-in-a-calf
#4
I B Veiga, M Welle, J S Agerholm
Several cauliflower-like alopecic masses arose on the head of an otherwise healthy, full-term newborn Jersey × Belgian blue heifer, which was humanely destroyed shortly after birth due to the severity of the skin lesions. Microscopically, the masses were composed of multiple papillary projections displaying well-differentiated sebaceous glands surrounded by a moderate number of well-developed sweat glands, as well as embryonic and fully developed, but dysplastic hair follicles. Thick branching connective tissue stalks supported these adnexal components...
August 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942301/the-journal-of-comparative-pathology-educational-trust-and-petplan-charitable-trust-joint-research-award-in-veterinary-pathology
#5
EDITORIAL
M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942279/no-evidential-correlation-between-veterinary-antibiotic-degradation-ability-and-resistance-genes-in-microorganisms-during-the-biodegradation-of-doxycycline
#6
Xin Wen, Yan Wang, Yongde Zou, Baohua Ma, Yinbao Wu
Biodegradation of antibiotic residues in the environment by microorganisms may lead to the generation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which are of great concern to human health. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between the ability to degrade antibiotic doxycycline (DOX) and the development of resistance genes in microorganisms. We isolated and identified ten bacterial strains from a vegetable field that had received long-term manure application as fertilizer and were capable of surviving in a series of DOX concentrations (25, 50, 80, and 100mg/L)...
September 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941818/a-comparison-of-4-predictive-models-of-calving-assistance-and-difficulty-in-dairy-heifers-and-cows
#7
Caroline Fenlon, Luke O'Grady, John F Mee, Stephen T Butler, Michael L Doherty, John Dunnion
The aim of this study was to build and compare predictive models of calving difficulty in dairy heifers and cows for the purpose of decision support and simulation modeling. Models to predict 3 levels of calving difficulty (unassisted, slight assistance, and considerable or veterinary assistance) were created using 4 machine learning techniques: multinomial regression, decision trees, random forests, and neural networks. The data used were sourced from 2,076 calving records in 10 Irish dairy herds. In total, 19...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941816/risk-factors-associated-with-milk-fever-occurrence-in-grazing-dairy-cattle
#8
A Saborío-Montero, B Vargas-Leitón, J J Romero-Zúñiga, J M Sánchez
The aim of this study was to determine risk factors associated with milk fever (MF) occurrence in Costa Rican grazing dairy cattle. A total of 69,870 cows from 126 dairy herds were included in the study. Data were collected in the Veterinary Automated Management and Production Control Program software by the Population Medicine Research Program of the Veterinary Medicine School, National University of Costa Rica, from 1985 to 2014. To determine the risk factors for MF, 2 logistic regression mixed models were evaluated...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941404/development-of-a-simple-multi-residue-determination-method-of-80-veterinary-drugs-in-oplegnathus-punctatus-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry
#9
Fei Zhao, Xin Gao, Zhixu Tang, Xin Luo, Miaomiao Wu, Jiachao Xu, Xiaoting Fu
A simple, rapid and sensitive multi-residue analytical method was developed and validated for 80 veterinary drugs in Oplegnathus punctatus using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). The analytes belong to 12 different families include benzimidazoles, β-lactams, lincosamides, macrolides, nitromidazoles, quinolones, sulfonamides and trimethoprim, tetracyclines, triphenylmethane dyes, amphenicols, nonsteroidal estrogens and steroid hormones. The sample preparation was optimized base on QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) procedure...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941046/pericytes-and-their-potential-in-regenerative-medicine-across-species
#10
REVIEW
C L Esteves, F X Donadeu
The discovery that pericytes are in vivo counterparts of Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells (MSCs) has placed these perivascular cells in the research spotlight, bringing up hope for a well-characterized cell source for clinical applications, alternative to poorly defined, heterogeneous MSCs preparations currently in use. Native pericytes express typical MSC markers and, after isolation by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, display an MSC phenotype in culture. These features have been demonstrated in different species, including humans and horses, the main targets of regenerative treatments...
September 20, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940807/rural-veterinarian-s-perception-and-practices-in-terms-of-biosecurity-across-three-european-countries
#11
V Renault, M F Humblet, V Moons, G Bosquet, B Gauthier, L M Cebrián, J Casal, C Saegerman
The implementation of biosecurity measures in the animal health and production context is quite broad and aims at limiting the risk of introduction and spread of diseases. Veterinarians play a major role in biosecurity as key informants on the subject for cattle holders, key players in terms of disease prevention/control and eradication programs, as well as key risk factor in terms of disease dissemination. Many biosecurity studies have highlighted professional visitors such as veterinary practitioners as representing a high-risk factor in terms of disease introduction in animal facilities but, to date, very few studies have focused on the implementation level of biosecurity measures by veterinarians...
September 21, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940654/video-assisted-microwave-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-a-metastatic-lung-lesion-in-a-dog-with-appendicular-osteosarcoma-and-hypertrophic-osteopathy
#12
Kaitlyn Mazzaccari, Sarah E Boston, Beau B Toskich, Kristina Bowles, J Brad Case
OBJECTIVE: To describe video-assisted microwave ablation (VAMA) for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion secondary to right forelimb osteosarcoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a metastatic lung lesion secondary to appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: An osteosarcoma of the right distal scapula and proximal humerus that was suspected to be a radiation-induced osteosarcoma was treated with limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy...
September 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940590/a-combination-of-alfaxalone-medetomidine-and-midazolam-for-the-chemical-immobilization-of-rhesus-macaque-macaca%C3%A2-mulatta-preliminary-results
#13
Henri Gmj Bertrand, Charlotte Sandersen, Jennifer Murray, Paul A Flecknell
BACKGROUND: Chemical immobilization of non-human primates can be required to perform scientific or veterinary procedure with different invasiveness degrees. This preliminary study was undertaken to assess the clinical effects of a combination of alfaxalone, medetomidine and midazolam (AMM). METHODS: Seven rhesus macaques were chemically immobilized, for invasive veterinary procedures, with alfaxan 2 mg kg(-1) , medetomidine 20 μg kg(-1) and midazolam 0.3 mg kg(-1) injected subcutaneously...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939788/selected-highlights-from-other-veterinary-journals
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939782/celebrating-healthy-and-happy-veterinary-workplaces
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938517/green-tea-camellia-sinensis-and-l-theanine-medicinal-values-and-beneficial-applications-in-humans-a-comprehensive-review
#16
REVIEW
Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arif, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Robina Manzoor, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Maryam Dadar, Chao Sun
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a famous herb, and its extract has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicinal system. In this context, several studies have revealed its health benefits and medicinal potentialities for several ailments. With ever increasing scientific knowledge, search for safer, potential and novel type of health-related supplements quest, scientists are re-directing their research interests to explore natural resources i.e. medicinal herbs/plant derived compounds. Green tea consumption has gained a special attention and popularity in the modern era of changing lifestyle...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938132/development-and-validation-of-carbofuran-and-3-hydroxycarbofuran-analysis-by-high-pressure-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detector-hplc-dad-for-forensic-veterinary-medicine
#17
Vagner Gonçalves, Nicolle Queiroz Hazarbassanov, Adriana de Siqueira, Jorge Camilo Florio, Claudia Helena Pastor Ciscato, Paulo Cesar Maiorka, Andre Fukushima, Helenice de Souza Spinosa
Agricultural pesticides used with the criminal intent to intoxicate domestic and wild animals are a serious concern in Veterinary Medicine. In order to identify the pesticide carbofuran and its metabolite 3- hydroxycarbofuran in animals suspected of exogenous intoxication a high pressure liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was developed and validated in stomach contents, liver, vitreous humor and blood. The method was evaluated using biological samples from seven different animal species...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936557/adjuvant-activity-of-saponins-from-kazakhstani-plants-on-the-immune-responses-to-subunit-influenza-vaccine
#18
A S Turmagambetova, P G Alexyuk, A P Bogoyavlenskiy, I A Zaitseva, E S Omirtaeva, M S Alexyuk, N S Sokolova, V E Berezin
In recent years, there have been a number of reports on the successful use of immunostimulatory complexes with saponins and viral glycoproteins as veterinary vaccines and in clinical trials for human medicine. The saponins Algiox, Sapanox and Pangisan were isolated and purified by HPLC from Allochrusa gypsophiloides, Saponaria officinalis and Gypsophila paniculata plants in Kazakhstan and they proved to have low toxicity in experiments with mice, chickens and chicken embryos. Algiox, Sapanox and Pangisan can be used to create immunostimulatory complexes (ISCOMs) similar to saponin-Quil-A-containing ISCOMs both in structure and in immunostimulatory efficiency...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935553/prevalence-risk-factors-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-test-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-bovine-cross-breed-mastitic-milk-in-and-around-asella-town-oromia-regional-state-southern-ethiopia
#19
Befikadu Seyoum, Hailemariam Kefyalew, Birhanu Abera, Nejash Abdela
A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Asella town, Oromia regional state, southern Ethiopia, to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, in Bovine cross breed mastitis milk. A total of 384 lactating dairy cows were screened for mastitis based on clinical examinations and California mastitis test (CMT). Out of 230 lactating crossbred cows with either clinical or subclinical mastitis examined for the involvement of Staphylococcus aureus...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934773/leptospirosis-in-three-workers-on-a-dairy-farm-with-unvaccinated-cattle
#20
Jackie Benschop, Julie Collins-Emerson, Allie Maskill, Patrick O'Connor, Margaret Tunbridge, Yuni Yupiana, Jenny Weston
AIM: We report a one-health investigation of three cases of leptospirosis on a dairy farm with unvaccinated cattle in New Zealand. The cases are discussed in the context of diagnostics, risk factors, persistence of symptoms and outbreak mitigation measures. METHOD: Clinical and laboratory records from the human cases were reviewed and serological and molecular investigations were conducted into the Leptospira status of cattle and pigs on the farm. RESULTS: Cases presented early in their illness and all three were confirmed within seven days of onset of symptoms by urine PCR and within 18 days by convalescent MAT (two Hardjo-bovis, one Pomona)...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
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