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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#1
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631551/apical-microleakage-in-root-canals-obturated-with-2-different-endodontic-sealer-systems-in-canine-teeth-of-dogs
#2
Chad W Lothamer, Ashley Anderson, Scott J Hetzel, Alex I Adrian, Christopher Snyder, Stephanie Goldschmidt, Jason W Soukup
An apical dye leakage test was utilized to compare 2 endodontic sealer systems commonly used in veterinary endodontic treatment. Rotary instrumentation followed by injection of 2 different sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus) and a single master cone obturation technique were compared. Following obturation and restoration, specimens were immersed in India ink for 48 hours. A tooth mineral clearing technique was utilized to render the tooth samples transparent. Subsequently, the apices were evaluated for prevalence and magnitude of apical dye penetration under magnification...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631548/veterinary-dental-news
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631546/foundation-for-veterinary-dentistry-veterinary-dental-research-grant
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631540/veterinary-dental-continuing-education-calendar
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631423/pet-ownership-increases-human-risk-of-encountering-ticks
#6
E H Jones, A F Hinckley, S A Hook, J I Meek, B Backenson, K J Kugeler, K A Feldman
We examined whether pet ownership increased the risk for tick encounters and tickborne disease among residents of three Lyme disease-endemic states as a nested cohort within a randomized controlled trial. Information about pet ownership, use of tick control for pets, property characteristics, tick encounters and human tickborne disease were captured through surveys, and associations were assessed using univariate and multivariable analyses. Pet-owning households had 1.83 times the risk (95% CI = 1.53, 2.20) of finding ticks crawling on and 1...
June 19, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630713/corneal-ulcerative-disease-in-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-epidemiology-and-clinical-management
#7
Dan G O'Neill, Monica M Lee, Dave C Brodbelt, David B Church, Rick F Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Corneal ulcerative disease (CUD) has the potential to adversely affect animal welfare by interfering with vision and causing pain. The study aimed to investigate for the first time the prevalence, breed-based risk factors and clinical management of CUD in the general population of dogs under primary veterinary care in England. RESULTS: Of 104,233 dogs attending 110 clinics participating within the VetCompass Programme from January 1(st) to December 31(st) 2013, there were 834 confirmed CUD cases (prevalence: 0...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630703/energy-requirements-for-growth-in-the-yorkshire-terrier
#8
Janet E Alexander, Alison Colyer, Penelope J Morris
The 2006 National Research Council (NRC) equation calculating puppy energy requirements does not account for reported breed differences in growth pattern. Energy requirements of toy breed puppies are unknown and it is unclear whether feeding guidelines should differ between breeds. Energy requirements of Yorkshire terrier (YT) puppies were observed over their first year of life and compared with those predicted by the NRC and those previously observed in large (Labrador retriever) and medium (miniature Schnauzer; MS) breed puppies...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629414/fibrinogen-deficiency-in-a-dog-a-case-report
#9
Franck Jolivet, Armelle Diquélou, Catherine Trumel, Simon Privat, Olivier Dossin
BACKGROUND: Among coagulation disorders, primary fibrinogen deficiency is very rare in dogs. It is divided into hypofibrinogenemia, afibrinogenemia and dysfibrinogenemia. Afibrinogenemia has been described in three dogs. There are, however, no published case reports of primary hypofibrinogenemia in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1.5 year-old male German Pointer dog was evaluated for a locked-jaw syndrome associated with eye protrusion which appeared after a minor head trauma...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629185/leptadenia-reticulata-retz-wight-arn-jivanti-botanical-agronomical-phytochemical-pharmacological-and-biotechnological-aspects
#10
REVIEW
Sudipta Kumar Mohanty, Mallappa Kumara Swamy, Uma Rani Sinniah, Maniyam Anuradha
Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight & Arn. (Apocynaceae), is a traditional medicinal plant species widely used to treat various ailments such as tuberculosis, hematopoiesis, emaciation, cough, dyspnea, fever, burning sensation, night blindness, cancer, and dysentery. In Ayurveda, it is known for its revitalizing, rejuvenating, and lactogenic properties. This plant is one of the major ingredients in many commercial herbal formulations, including Speman, Envirocare, Calshakti, Antisept, and Chyawanprash. The therapeutic potential of this herb is because of the presence of diverse bioactive compounds such as α-amyrin, β-amyrin, ferulic acid, luteolin, diosmetin, rutin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, hentricontanol, a triterpene alcohol simiarenol, apigenin, reticulin, deniculatin, and leptaculatin...
June 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628828/sensitivity-to-bst-2-restriction-correlates-with-orthobunyavirus-host-range
#11
Mariana Varela, Ilaria M Piras, Catrina Mullan, Xiaohong Shi, Natasha L Tilston-Lunel, Rute Maria Pinto, Aislynn Taggart, Stephen R Welch, Stuart J D Neil, Felix Kreher, Richard M Elliott, Massimo Palmarini
Orthobunyaviruses include several recently emerging viruses of significant medical and veterinary importance. There is currently very limited understanding on what determines the host species range of these pathogens. In this study we discovered that BST-2/tetherin restricts orthobunyavirus replication in a host-specific manner. We show that viruses with human tropism (Oropouche virus and La Crosse virus) are restricted by sheep BST-2 but not by the human orthologue, while viruses with ruminant tropism (Schmallenberg virus and others) are restricted by human BST-2 but not by the sheep orthologue...
June 16, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627123/pharmacokinetics-and-relative-bioavailability-of-orally-administered-innovator-formulated-itraconazole-capsules-and-solution-in-healthy-dogs
#12
A E Hasbach, D K Langlois, E J Rosser, M G Papich
BACKGROUND: Itraconazole is commonly used for treatment of systemic and cutaneous mycoses in veterinary medicine. Two formulations, capsule and solution, are used interchangeably in dogs. However, marked differences in bioavailability have been reported in other species. Similar investigations have not been performed in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare pharmacokinetics of itraconazole in dogs after oral administration of commercially available capsule and solution formulations intended for use in humans...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627060/clinical-nutrition-counselling-service-in-the-veterinary-hospital-retrospective-analysis-of-equine-patients-and-nutritional-considerations
#13
D Vergnano, D Bergero, E Valle
Nutrition plays a very important role in the healthy and in the ill horse. Although research in this field clearly shows that incorrect nutritional practices may lead to severe pathologies, inappropriate feeding plans often continue to be used. A clinical nutrition counselling (CNC) service could thus be of great use to both horse owners and veterinarians. The aim of this study was to provide information on equine patients referred to the CNC service of the University of Turin and to provide standard dietary protocols as used in our Veterinary Teaching Hospital for the most common nutrition-related pathologies...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627059/first-detailed-nutritional-survey-in-a-referral-companion-animal-population
#14
V L Vandendriessche, P Picavet, M Hesta
Optimal nutrition in every life stage and certainly in diseased animals will contribute greatly to improve overall health and quality of life. The 5th VA guidelines have been designed to help veterinarians to implement a nutritional assessment into every patient, every time it comes into their practice. This nutritional survey in referral patients was conducted by one person skilled in acquiring detailed nutritional information and evaluating nutritional status. Two goals were set as follows: first to gain more insight into the nutritional status and management of referred patients and second to gain more insight in the nutritional recommendations given by the treating veterinarian...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627058/survey-nutrition-body-condition-and-activities-of-dogs-in-switzerland
#15
K Gerstner, A Liesegang
Interest in species-appropriate activities and nutrition of dogs increases. A huge variety of feedstuff available, myths and different feeding theories confuse dog owners and lead to inadequate nutrition of their pets. As one result, obesity in pets can be observed with a high incidence in veterinary practice. Although comorbidities of obesity are well known, only few pet owners realize consequently the necessity of weight reduction to support their pet's health. We hypothesized that pet owners in Switzerland underestimate body condition of their dogs and are unsure about how to manage nutritional challenges...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#16
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626750/quantifying-preferences-of-farmers-and-veterinarians-for-national-animal-health-programs-the-example-of-bovine-mastitis-and-antimicrobial-usage-in-switzerland
#17
Bart H P van den Borne, Felix J S van Soest, Martin Reist, Henk Hogeveen
Bovine udder health in Switzerland is of a relatively high level. However, antimicrobial usage (AMU) seems high in comparison to other European countries also. A new udder health and AMU improvement program could improve this situation but it is uncertain whether there is support from the field. This study aimed to quantify preferences of dairy farmers and veterinarians for the start and design characteristics of a new national udder health and AMU improvement program in Switzerland. A total of 478 dairy farmers and 98 veterinarians completed an online questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625889/massive-attack-of-honeybee-on-macaws-ara-ararauna-and-ara-chloropterus-in-brazil-a-case-report
#18
Elisane Lenita Milbradt, Tarcísio Macedo Silva, Alessandre Hataka, Carlos Roberto Teixeira, Adriano Sakai Okamoto, Raphael Lucio Andreatti Filho
Three adult birds of the species Ara chloropterus and five of the species Ara ararauna from a conservation breeding facility suffered a massive attack by honeybees. The A. chloropterus birds presented swollen puncture lesions with stingers (mainly in the facial regions without feathers), swelling of the eyelids and subcutaneous tissue, and respiratory distress, and they were treated with intramuscular injections of 1.67 mg/kg of promethazine and 10 mg/kg of hydrocortisone followed by removal of the stingers...
June 15, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625763/effects-of-tectonics-and-large-scale-climatic-changes-on-the-evolutionary-history-of-hyalomma-ticks
#19
Arthur F Sands, Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Sonja Matthee, Ivan G Horak, Alan Harrison, Shahid Karim, Mohammad K Mohammad, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Rupika S Rajakaruna, Maria M Santos-Silva, Conrad A Matthee
HyalommaKoch, 1844 are ixodid ticks that infest mammals, birds and reptiles, to which 27 recognized species occur across the Afrotropical, Palearctic and Oriental regions. Despite their medical and veterinary importance, the evolutionary history of the group is enigmatic. To investigate various taxonomic hypotheses based on morphology, and also some of the mechanisms involved in the diversification of the genus, we sequenced and analysed data derived from two mtDNA fragments, three nuclear DNA genes and 47 morphological characters...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624926/limited-awareness-of-animal-influenza-prevention-and-control-among-dai-lue-smallholder-farmers-in-southwest-china
#20
Xiang Zhao, Gareth Davey
Awareness of animal influenza and its prevention and control is important for ensuring livestock health, production and welfare. In China, a country stereotyped as a major source of emerging zoonotic infectious diseases, research on the public understanding of animal influenza is limited to the Han, the main ethnic group. The present qualitative study in Southwest China investigated awareness of animal influenza among the Dai, an ethnic minority. The participants (15 men and 10 women, ages 18-83) were smallholder farmers of pigs and poultry in rural areas of Jinghong, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province...
June 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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