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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099449/the-use-of-functional-data-analysis-to-evaluate-activity-in-a-spontaneous-model-of-degenerative-joint-disease-associated-pain-in-cats
#1
Margaret E Gruen, Marcela Alfaro-Córdoba, Andrea E Thomson, Alicia C Worth, Ana-Maria Staicu, B Duncan X Lascelles
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Accelerometry is used as an objective measure of physical activity in humans and veterinary species. In cats, one important use of accelerometry is in the study of therapeutics designed to treat degenerative joint disease (DJD) associated pain, where it serves as the most widely applied objective outcome measure. These analyses have commonly used summary measures, calculating the mean activity per-minute over days and comparing between treatment periods. While this technique has been effective, information about the pattern of activity in cats is lost...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099075/occurrence-and-relevance-of-mycoplasma-sturni-in-free-ranging-corvids-in-germany
#2
Luisa Ziegler, Franca Möller Palau-Ribes, Liane Schmidt, Michael Lierz
Several Mycoplasma spp. are well-known pathogens in poultry. In birds of prey, White Storks ( Ciconia ciconia ), and some waterfowl (Anatidae, Pelecanidae) species, mycoplasmas occur commonly and seem to be apathogenic or commensal and most likely belong to the physiologic microbial flora of the respiratory tract. In other bird species, such as Common Nightingales ( Luscinia megarhynchos ) and tits (Paridae), Mycoplasma spp. are absent in healthy birds. In corvids, the prevalence and role of Mycoplasma spp...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097048/effects-of-grazing-intensity-and-the-use-of-veterinary-medical-products-on-dung-beetle-biodiversity-in-the-sub-mountainous-landscape-of-central-italy
#3
Mattia Tonelli, José R Verdú, Mario E Zunino
Grazing extensification and intensification are among the main problems affecting European grasslands. We analyze the impact of grazing intensity (low and moderate) and the use of veterinary medical products (VMPs) on the dung beetle community in the province of Pesaro-Urbino (Italy). Grazing intensity is a key factor in explaining the diversity of dung beetles. In the case of the alpha diversity component, sites with a low level of grazing activity-related in a previous step to the subsequent abandonment of traditional farming-is characterized by a loss of species richness (q = 0) and a reduction in alpha diversity at the levels q = 1 and q = 2...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096856/epidemiological-survey-of-bovine-thelaziosis-in-southeastern-of-iran
#4
Javad Khedri, Mohammad Hossein Radfar, Hassan Borji, Mohammad Azizzadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at investigating the prevalence and risk factors of bovine thelaziosis, performed in the southeast of Iran, an endemic area for Iranian Sistani cattle. METHODS: Between September 2012 to October 2014, 1924 cattle, Sistani breed (n= 1235) and Brahman breed (n=689) of all sex and age groups collected from Sistan and Baluchestan Province were examined using visual observation of the eyes by flushing the conjunctival sac and lachrymal duct with sterile saline solution...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096616/intravenous-administration-of-puppy-deciduous-teeth-stem-cells-in-degenerative-valve-disease
#5
Soontaree Petchdee, Sarunya Sompeewong
AIM: The objective of this study is to investigate the improvement of heart function in dogs with chronic valvular heart disease after puppy deciduous teeth stem cells (pDSCs) administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 client-owned dogs with degenerative valvular heart disease underwent multiple intravenous injections of allogeneic pDSCs. Dogs were randomly assigned to two groups: (i) Control group (n=10) with standard treatment for heart failure and (ii) group with standard treatment and multiple administrations of pDSCs (n=10)...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096484/evolutionary-dynamics-of-pandemic-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-st398-and-its-international-spread-via-routes-of-human-migration
#6
Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Paul R McAdam, Sean B Sullivan, Justin R Knox, Hossein Khiabanian, Raul Rabadan, Peter R Davies, J Ross Fitzgerald, Franklin D Lowy
: Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) accounts for the majority of S. aureus infections globally, and yet surprisingly little is known about its clonal evolution. We applied comparative whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analyses to epidemiologically and geographically diverse ST398-MSSA, a pandemic lineage affecting both humans and livestock. Bayesian phylogenetic analysis predicted divergence of human-associated ST398-MSSA ~40 years ago. Isolates from Midwestern pigs and veterinarians differed substantially from those in New York City (NYC)...
January 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094860/tta-rapid-in-the-treatment-of-the-canine-cruciate-deficient-stifle-short-and-medium-term-outcome
#7
S J Butterworth, D M Kydd
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate complications, short- and medium-term outcomes following treatment of lameness associated with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency in dogs using the "TTA-Rapid" technique. METHODS: Patient records from two veterinary clinics were retrospectively examined to collect data from cases treated over a period of 21 months. An owner postal questionnaire using a clinical metrology instrument (Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs) evaluated medium-term outcome of at least six months...
January 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094519/targeted-multiresidue-analysis-of-veterinary-drugs-in-milk-based-powders-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-ms
#8
James B Wittenberg, Kelli A Simon, Jon W Wong
An analytical method was developed and validated for the determination of 40 veterinary drugs in various milk-based powders. The method involves acetonitrile/water extraction, solid-phase filtration for lipid removal in fat-containing matrices, and analysis using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The limits of quantitation (LOQ) ranged from 0.02 to 82 ng/g. Acceptable recoveries (70-120%, RSD < 20%) were reached for 40 out of 52 target compounds at three fortification levels in non-fat milk powder...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094424/ex-vivo-torsional-properties-of-a-2-5-mm-veterinary-interlocking-nail-system-in-canine-femurs-comparison-with-a-2-4-mm-limited-contact-bone-plate
#9
Aline S Macedo, Noel M M Moens, John Runciman, Tom W G Gibson, Bruno W Minto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the torsional properties of the Targon(®) Vet Nail System (TVS) in small canine femurs and to compare these properties to those of the 2.4 mm LC-DCP(®) plates. METHODS: Thirty-six cadaveric femurs were allocated to three groups (n = 12). In all bones, points just distal to the lesser trochanter and just proximal to the fabellae were marked and a midshaft transverse osteotomy was performed. Group 1: bones were fixed with the 2.5 mm TVS with the bolts applied at the pre-identified marks...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094412/ultrasound-guided-approach-to-the-cervical-articular-process-joints-in-horses-a-validation-of-the-technique-in-cadavers
#10
Jessica Purefoy Johnson, John David Stack, Conor Rowan, Ian Handel, John Mark O'Leary
OBJECTIVES: To compare accuracy of the ultrasound-guided craniodorsal (CrD) approach with the dorsal (D) approach to the cervical articular process joints, and to evaluate the effect of transducer, needle gauge, and operator experience. METHODS: Cervical articular process joints from 14 cadaveric neck specimens were injected using either a D or CrD approach, a linear (13 MHx) or microconvex transducer (10 MHz), and an 18 or 20 gauge needle, by an experienced or inexperienced operator...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093921/microbial-genomics-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing
#11
W Michael Dunne, Magali Jaillard, Olivier Rochas, Alex van Belkum
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing is key in modern clinical microbiology. With pandemic emergence of (multi-)antibiotic resistance, methods to detect and quantify resistance of clinically important bacterial species are imperative. Historically, antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) was mostly performed using methods relying on bacterial growth. Such methods may be time-consuming and more rapid alternatives have been actively sought for. Areas covered: Among the new AST methods there are many that focus on detection of causal resistance genes and/or gene mutations...
January 17, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093773/establishment-of-a-cell-line-for-assessing-drugs-as-canine-p-glycoprotein-substrates-proof-of-principle
#12
K L Mealey, S Dassanayake, N S Burke
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the ABCB1 (MDR1) gene, dramatically impacts drug disposition. P-gp is expressed in the intestines, biliary canaliculi, renal tubules, and brain capillaries where it functions to efflux substrate drugs. In this capacity, P-gp restricts oral absorption, enhances biliary and renal excretion, and inhibits central nervous system entry of substrate drugs. Many drugs commonly used in veterinary medicine are known substrates for canine P-gp (vincristine, loperamide, ivermectin, others)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093113/a-new-year-for-the-veterinary-journal
#13
EDITORIAL
Adrian W Philbey, Annette L Litster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093105/comparison-of-submaximal-exercise-test-results-and-severity-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-english-bulldogs
#14
Liisa Lilja-Maula, Anu K Lappalainen, Heli K Hyytiäinen, Erja Kuusela, Mirja Kaimio, Kirsti Schildt, Sari Mölsä, Mikael Morelius, Minna M Rajamäki
Canine brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is a complex respiratory disease related to congenitally flattened facial and skull anatomy. BOAS causes respiratory distress, heat and exercise intolerance, and gastrointestinal signs. English bulldogs (EB) have a high prevalence of BOAS. Currently, the severity of BOAS signs in veterinary practice is assessed subjectively. To reduce BOAS in brachycephalic breeds, an objective and easy-to-use tool could help breeders select healthier animals. Exercise tests, such as the 6 min walk test (distance walked measured) or the 1000 m walk test (duration measured), could be used to assess the severity of BOAS, as exercise intolerance and impaired recovery are key features of BOAS...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093042/chloramphenicol-stereoisomers-need-to-be-distinguished-consequences-observed-from-a-proficiency-test
#15
Mark Sykes, Tobias Czymai, Thomas Hektor, Matthew Sharman, Michael Knaggs
Although the use of chloramphenicol (CAP) as a veterinary drug is banned in the European Union and many other countries, monitoring for CAP residues in food is routine. Positive detections are few, but taken extremely seriously. European Union laboratories analysing for CAP should validate methods according to European Commission Decision 2002/657/EC, must be accredited to ISO 17025, and will generally participate in proficiency testing (PT) schemes, such as those offered by the Food Analysis Performance Assessment Scheme (FAPAS®)...
January 17, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092864/augmentation-of-humoral-and-cellular-immunity-in-response-to-tetanus-and-diphtheria-toxoids-by-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-extracts-of-hippophae-rhamnoides-l-leaves
#16
Bindhya Jayashankar, Divya Singh, Himanshi Tanwar, K P Mishra, Swetha Murthy, Sudipta Chanda, Jigni Mishra, R Tulswani, K Misra, S B Singh, Lilly Ganju
Hippophae rhamnoides L. commonly known as Seabuckthorn (SBT), a wild shrub of family Elaegnacea, has extensively used for treating various ailments like skin diseases, jaundice, asthma, lung troubles. SBT leaves have been reported to possess several pharmacological properties including immunomodulatory, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and tissue regeneration etc. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the adjuvant property of supercritical carbon dioxide extracts (SCEs 300ET and 350ET) of SBT leaves in balb/c mice immunized with Tetanus and Diphtheria toxoids...
January 13, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092623/ultrasonography-a-method-used-for-pregnancy-imaging-of-the-fire-salamander-salamandra-salamandra
#17
A Najbar, Z Kiełbowicz, J Szymczak, M Ogielska
Ultrasound imaging has more frequently been used in veterinary medicine of amphibians and reptiles. In this study, we have verified the usefulness of ultrasound imaging in pregnancy determination of the fire salamander Salamandra salamandra. We have also undertaken to estimate the number of larvae and their developmental stage directly in the oviducts. Three gravid females from Lower Silesia (southern Poland) were examined. Due to the small size of the scanned animals, and the particular arrangement of embryos in the oviducts and ultrasound beams dispersal, the method proved to be inaccurate...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092618/evaluation-of-portable-blood-glucose-meters-using-canine-and-feline-pooled-blood-samples
#18
A Mori, H Oda, E Onozawa, S Shono, T Takahashi, S Yamashita, H Fujimoto, T Sako
This study evaluated the accuracy and reproducibility of a human portable blood glucose meter (PBGM) for canine and feline whole blood. Reference plasma glucose values (RPGV) were concurrently measured using glucose oxidation methods. Fifteen healthy dogs and 6 healthy cats were used for blood sampling. Blood glucose concentrations and hematocrits were adjusted using pooled blood samples for our targeted values. A positive correlation between the PBGM and RPGV was found for both dogs (y = 0.877, x = -24.38, r = 0...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092609/horse-expert-an-aided-expert-system-for-diagnosing-horse-diseases
#19
H Qin, J Xiao, X Gao, H Wang
In contrast to the rapid development of the horse husbandry in China, the ability of horse veterinarians to diagnose diseases has not been improved and only a few domain experts have considerable expertise. At present, many expert systems have been developed for diseases diagnosis, but few for horse diseases diagnosis have been studied in depth. This paper presents the design and development of a computer-aided expert system for diagnosing horse diseases. We suggest an approach for diagnosis of horse diseases based on the analysis of diagnostic characteristics and the experiential knowledge of domain experts...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092110/simultaneous-detection-of-three-sex-steroid-hormone-classes-using-a-novel-yeast-based-biosensor
#20
Alexandre Chamas, Ha Thi Minh Pham, Martin Jähne, Karina Wettwer, Steffen Uhlig, Kirsten Simon, Almuth Einspanier, Kim Baronian, Gotthard Kunze
A biosensor detecting estrogens, progestogens and androgens in complex samples and in a single step is described. Three Arxula adeninivorans yeast strains were created, each strain producing a different recombinant human hormone receptor and a different fluorescent reporter protein. These strains were then mixed to create G1212/YRC102-hHR-fluo, the biological component of the biosensor. During incubation with G1212/YRC102-hHR-fluo, hormones present in a sample bind to their target receptor, which leads to the production of a specific fluorescent protein...
January 16, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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