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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749595/morbidity-and-mortality-in-infant-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-a-46-year-retrospective-review
#1
James M Hassell, Dawn Zimmerman, Michael R Cranfield, Kirsten Gilardi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Jan Ramer, Elisabeth Nyirakaragire, Linda J Lowenstine
Long-term studies of morbidity and mortality in free-ranging primates are scarce, but may have important implications for the conservation of extant populations. Infants comprise a particularly important age group, as variation in survival rates may have a strong influence on population dynamics. Since 1968, the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project (MGVP, Inc.) and government partners have conducted a comprehensive health monitoring and disease investigation program on mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749327/novel-adenoviruses-detected-in-british-mustelids-including-a-unique-aviadenovirus-in-the-tissues-of-pine-martens-martes-martes
#2
David Walker, William F Gregory, Dylan Turnbull, Mara Rocchi, Anna L Meredith, Adrian W Philbey, Colin P Sharp
Several adenoviruses are known to cause severe disease in veterinary species. Recent evidence suggests that canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1) persists in the tissues of healthy red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), which may be a source of infection for susceptible species. It was hypothesized that mustelids native to the UK, including pine martens (Martes martes) and Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), may also be persistently infected with adenoviruses. Based on high-throughput sequencing and additional Sanger sequencing, a novel Aviadenovirus, tentatively named marten adenovirus type 1 (MAdV-1), was detected in pine marten tissues...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749308/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-sternal-versus-lateral-recumbency-on-trends-of-selected-physiologic-parameters-during-isoflurane-anesthesia-in-zoo-housed-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#3
David Eshar, Diane Mason, Nili Avni-Magen, Elizabeth Kaufman, Avital Paz, Hugues Beaufrère
Isoflurane gas anesthesia is often used for immobilization of prairie dogs in field studies, laboratory research, and veterinary clinical purposes. The goals of this prospective study were to evaluate the effects of sternal versus right lateral recumbency on trends of selected physiologic parameters during isoflurane anesthesia in black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus ). Fourteen adult, zoo-housed black-tailed prairie dogs were tested during the study. Animals were anesthetized using isoflurane and randomly placed in either sternal or right lateral recumbency to evaluate changes in trends of physiologic parameters, measured selectively every 30 min throughout a 60-min anesthesia period...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749297/ebstein-anomaly-in-the-tsushima-leopard-cat-prionailurus-bengalensis-euptilurus
#4
Shunsuke Shimamura, Yukihiro Shiota, Naoko Takagi, Tatsuya Habara, Shougo Hirata, Hitoshi Komai, Satoko Nishimura, Hiroyuki Tani, Terumasa Shimada
Ebstein anomaly is a rare congenital heart disease that has been described in domestic dogs, a meerkat, a pygmy goat, and a lion. An 11-mo-old Tsushima leopard cat presented to Osaka Prefecture University Veterinary Hospital for diagnosis and treatment of right-sided congestive heart failure. Echocardiography showed a dilated right atrium and ventricle with an enlarged tricuspid valve annulus and apical displacement of the tricuspid valve leaflets. The cat was diagnosed with Ebstein anomaly. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this type of congenital heart disease in a Tsushima leopard cat...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749296/bridging-gaps-between-zoo-and-wildlife-medicine-establishing-reference-intervals-for-free-ranging-african-lions-panthera-leo
#5
Heather M Broughton, Danny Govender, Purvance Shikwambana, Patrick Chappell, Anna Jolles
The International Species Information System has set forth an extensive database of reference intervals for zoologic species, allowing veterinarians and game park officials to distinguish normal health parameters from underlying disease processes in captive wildlife. However, several recent studies comparing reference values from captive and free-ranging animals have found significant variation between populations, necessitating the development of separate reference intervals in free-ranging wildlife to aid in the interpretation of health data...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749294/osteosarcoma-in-african-hedgehogs-atelerix-albiventris-five-cases
#6
Alonso Reyes-Matute, Adriana Méndez-Bernal, Liliana-Aurora Ramos-Garduño
Osteosarcomas are unusual neoplasms in African hedgehogs ( Atelerix albiventris ) and have been reported in extraskeletal and skeletal locations, including mandible, ribs, and vertebra. Five hedgehogs with osteosarcoma submitted to the Pathology Department at Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, National Autonomous University of Mexico are reported. In two cases, the neoplasm arose from the skull; one case arose from the ribs with associated compression of the thoracic and abdominal cavity, and another case involved the vertebrae...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749293/diagnosis-and-successful-treatment-of-a-potentially-zoonotic-dermatophytosis-caused-by-microsporum-gypseum-in-a-zoo-housed-north-american-porcupine-erethizon-dorsatum
#7
Christine E Hackworth, David Eshar, Melissa Nau, Mary Bagladi-Swanson, Gordon A Andrews, James W Carpenter
A female North American porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ) was evaluated for a unilateral pedal crusting and alopecic dermatopathy. Fungal culture and histopathology testing revealed Microsporum gypseum dermatophytosis. Treatment with topical miconazole was initiated and then discontinued after 9 days and changed to oral terbinafine. Twenty-eight days after initial examination, clinical signs were improving, and fungal cultures of the front foot, muzzle, and noninfected area along the dorsum were negative for M...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749265/emergency-anesthesia-and-exploratory-laparotomy-in-a-compromised-pacific-white-sided-dolphin-lagenorhynchus-obliquidens
#8
Justin F Rosenberg, Martin Haulena, James E Bailey, Dean A Hendrickson, Marina Ivančić, Stephen A Raverty
Anesthesia and surgery in cetaceans have inherent risks and have rarely been utilized as viable treatment options. This report represents the first known multidisciplinary team approach to emergency laparotomy in a compromised, 22-yr-old, female Pacific white-sided dolphin ( Lagenorhynchus obliquidens ). The inciting clinical signs and ancillary diagnostics were consistent with a mechanical ileus. Although no torsion or obstruction was apparent during surgery, severe enteritis and peritonitis were noted. Postoperatively, the animal was maintained on aggressive medical management with continuous supportive care until succumbing 3 days later with clinical pathology indicative of terminal sepsis and profound inflammation...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749256/echocardiographic-findings-of-bidimensional-mode-m-mode-and-doppler-of-clinically-normal-black-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-prymnolopha-wagler-1831
#9
Anaemilia das Neves Diniz, Gerson Tavares Pessoa, Laecio da Silva Moura, André Braga de Sousa, Francisco das Chagas Araújo Sousa, Renan Paraguassu de Sá Rodrigues, Maria Angélica Parente da Silva Barbosa, Hatawa Melo de Almeida, Larisse Danielle Silva Freire, Marina Pinto Sanches, Antônio Augusto Nascimento Machado Júnior, Porfírio Candanedo Guerra, Willams Costa Neves, João Macedo de Sousa, Luiz Bolfer, Robson Fortes Giglio, Flávio Ribeiro Alves
The black-rumped agouti ( Dasyprocta prymnolopha , Wagler 1831) is currently under intense ecologic pressure, which has resulted in its disappearance from some regions of Brazil. Echocardiography is widely used in veterinary medicine but it is not yet part of the clinical routine for wild animals. The objective of the present study was to assess the applicability of the echocardiographic exam in nonanesthetized agouti and to establish normal reference values for echocardiographic measurements in bidimensional mode (2D), M-mode, and Doppler for this species, and a lead II electrocardiogram was simultaneously recorded...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747984/annual-tendency-of-research-papers-used-icr-mice-as-experimental-animals-in-biomedical-research-fields
#10
Ji Eun Kim, Jung Hoon Nam, Joon Young Cho, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice have been widely used in various research fields including toxicology, oncology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutical product safety testing for decades. However, annual tendency of research papers involving ICR mice in various biomedical fields has not been previously analyzed. In this study, we examined the numbers of papers that used ICR mice as experimental animals in the social science, natural science, engineering, medicine-pharmacy, marine agriculture-fishery, and art-kinesiology fields by analyzing big data...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747221/prevalence-of-heartworm-in-dogs-and-cats-of-madrid-spain
#11
José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Rodrigo Morchón, Yaiza Falcón-Cordón, Soraya Falcón-Cordón, Fernando Simón, Elena Carretón
BACKGROUND: Dirofilaria immitis causes heartworm disease, a chronic and potentially fatal cardiopulmonary disease which mainly affects dogs and cats. It is present in most of Spain, due to favourable climatic factors. Madrid, located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, is the most highly populated city in the country. There is a lack of current data on canine heartworm and there are no published epidemiological data regarding feline heartworm in this region, therefore the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and current distribution of canine and feline dirofilariosis in the province of Madrid...
July 26, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747096/preliminary-description-of-aging-cats-and-dogs-presented-to-a-new-zealand-first-opinion-veterinary-clinic-at-end-of-life
#12
M C Gates, H J Hinds, A Dale
AIMS: To conduct a preliminary investigation into the chronic disease conditions and clinical signs present in aging New Zealand companion animals at end-of-life and to describe the timing, circumstances, and manner of death. METHODS: The medical records database of a first opinion, companion animal, veterinary practice in Auckland, New Zealand was searched to identify all canine and feline patients ≥7 years of age that were subjected to euthanasia and/or cremated in the period between July 2012-June 2014...
July 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746730/fine-needle-aspiration-of-abdominal-organs-a-review-of-current-recommendations-for-achieving-a-diagnostic-sample
#13
REVIEW
R Liffman, N Courtman
With the improved accessibility to ultrasound, fine needle aspiration of abdominal organs is now performed frequently in many veterinary practices. Despite this, there are many 'unknowns' as to the best method to produce a high-quality sample. This report begins by highlighting recent literature on the risks and benefits of abdominal fine needle aspiration. It follows with recommendations about the equipment and method best suited to the procedure, including needle and syringe size and aspiration versus non-aspiration techniques...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746441/economic-evaluation-and-efficacy-of-strategic-selective-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dairy-calves
#14
Yuly Andrea Caicedo Blanco, Jonata de Melo Barbieri, Renato Ribeiro de Lima, Marcos Aurélio Lopes, Eduardo Mitke Brandão Reis, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da Rocha, Adriana de Souza Coutinho, Antônio Marcos Guimarães
In the Experimental Farm of the Universidade Federal de Lavras (EF-UFLA), state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, on their day of birth, female Holstein calves were randomly selected and placed into two groups containing fifteen animals each: Strategic-Selective Treatment (S-ST) or Conventional Treatment (CT). In the S-ST, calves were treated after coproparasitological examinations according to criteria established previously by the researchers. Calves in the CT were treated according to the opinion of the veterinarian of EF-UFLA...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745779/-emissions-from-dairy-industry-and-the-influence-of-herd-management
#15
Ulrich Dämmgen, Wilfried Brade, Hans-Dieter Haenel, Claus Rösemann, Jürgen Dämmgen, Ulrich Meyer
The purpose of this paper is to identify specific emission-reduction opportunities in dairy herds arising from aspects of useful herd management with the potential to reduce emissions, which are within the scope of veterinary activities. In future, it might be one of a veterinarian's advisory capacities to deal with the aspect of climate and environmental protection in animal husbandry. The models involved are similar to those of the national agricultural emission inventory. They allow quantifying the impacts of improved animal health, extended productive lifespan and grazing of an entire dairy herd (cows, calves, heifers and bulls) on emissions from the herd itself, in addition to those originating from the entire production chain, including provision of primary energy, water, feed production and processing...
July 26, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744895/standing-intra-oral-extractions-of-cheek-teeth-aided-by-partial-crown-removal-in-165-horses-2010-2016
#16
M K Rice, T J Henry
BACKGROUND: Diseased cheek teeth in horses often require invasive extraction techniques that carry a high rate of complications. Techniques and instrumentation were developed to perform partial crown removal to aid standing intra-oral extraction of diseased cheek teeth in horses. OBJECTIVES: To analyse success rates and post-surgical complications in horses undergoing cheek teeth extraction assisted by partial crown removal. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
July 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743027/impact-of-heat-stress-on-estrus-expression-and-follicle-size-in-estrus-under-field-conditions-in-dairy-cows
#17
L K Schüller, I Michaelis, W Heuwieser
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of heat stress on the expression of estrus signs and follicular diameter at the day of estrus in dairy cows under farm conditions. Cows reported in estrus (i.e., by an automated activity monitoring system or by the herd manager) were examined by a veterinarian. Uterine contractility and the largest diameter of all ovarian structures was determined by transrectal palpation and ultrasonography, respectively. The amount of estrus discharge, mounting traces and the color of the vaginal mucosa were determined in an external examination and scored on 3-point scales...
July 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#18
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738871/highly-suspected-cases-of-salmonellosis-in-two-cats-fed-with-a-commercial-raw-meat-based-diet-health-risks-to-animals-and-zoonotic-implications
#19
Federica Giacometti, Jacopo Magarotto, Andrea Serraino, Silvia Piva
BACKGROUND: Feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to companion animals raises public health concerns for both animals and humans. While considerable attention has been paid to bacterial contamination of commercial pet food, few literature studies have investigated foodborne disease in companion animals. Salmonellosis is reported to be infrequent in cats but no known data or studies estimating feline salmonellosis are available or large-scale epidemiological studies assessing Salmonella risk factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738538/diosmin-improved-cognitive-deficit-and-amplified-brain-electrical-activity-in-the-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Hamed Fanaei, Fereshteh Keikhaei, Fatemeh Sargolzaee Javan
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of intellectual and cognitive disabilities in humans. Clinically, it is essential to limit the progress of cognitive impairment after TBI. It is reported that diosmin has a neuroprotective effect that can limit the progress of the impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diosmin on neurological score, memory, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level and long-term potentiation in hippocampal dentate gyrus after the injury...
July 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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